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1.
J Mass Spectrom ; : e4580, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677757

RESUMO

Methionine (Met) cationized with Zn2+ , forming Zn (Met-H)+ (ACN) where ACN = acetonitrile, Zn (Met-H)+ , and ZnCl+ (Met), as well as Cd2+ , forming CdCl+ (Met), were examined by infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy using light generated from the FELIX free electron laser. A series of low-energy conformers for each complex was found using quantum-chemical calculations in order to identify the structures formed experimentally. For all four complexes, spectral comparison indicated that the main binding motif observed is a charge solvated, tridentate structure where the metal center binds to the backbone amino group nitrogen, backbone carbonyl oxygen (where the carboxylic acid is deprotonated in two of the Zn2+ complexes), and side-chain sulfur. For all species, the predicted ground structures reproduce the experimental spectra well, although low-lying conformers characterized by similar binding motifs may also contribute in each system. The current work provides valuable information regarding the binding interaction between Met and biologically relevant metals. Further, the comparison between the current work and previous analyses involving alkali metal cationized Met as well as cysteine (the other sulfur containing amino acid) cationized with Zn2+ and Cd2+ allows for the elucidation of important metal dependent trends associated with physiologically important metal-sulfur binding.

2.
J Phys Chem A ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501684

RESUMO

Recent electronic state-selected measurements of the reactions of atomic vanadium cations with D2 and CO2 are reanalyzed to properly account for the kinetic energy distribution of the reactant neutrals. The need for this is demonstrated in the present work by comparing the D2 data to that obtained previously in earlier experiments but unpublished. It is shown that the earlier data, which utilized a surface ionization source of V+, and the state-selected data for V+(a5D2) are essentially identical in the threshold regions where they overlap. Differences in the electronic state energies and kinetic energy distributions of V+ in the two experiments are very small and much smaller than the kinetic energy distribution of the neutral reactant, which is identical in both experiments. It is shown that properly accounting for the latter distribution alters the conclusions regarding the threshold energy for the endothermic formation of VD+ such that recent conclusions regarding the bond energy of VD+ are substantially altered and found to reproduce the original bond energy determination. Accounting for all experiments, a revised best value for D0(VH+) is 2.07 ± 0.09 eV [or D0(VD+) = 2.10 ± 0.09 eV]. This conclusion is validated by high-level ab initio calculations. Differences in the new and older data sets for the V+ + D2 reaction at higher energies (above the onset for dissociation of the product ion) are also discussed. The same methodology is then applied to recent studies on the state-selected V+ + CO2 reaction.

3.
J Phys Chem A ; 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227848

RESUMO

Threshold collision-induced dissociation of Th(OH)3+(H2O)n (n = 1-4) with xenon was performed using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. The primary dissociation pathway for all complexes is a loss of a single water molecule followed by the sequential loss of additional water molecules at higher collision energies. The data were analyzed using a statistical model after accounting for lifetime effects and reactant internal and kinetic energy distributions to obtain 0 K bond dissociation energies (BDEs). These were also converted using rigid rotor/harmonic oscillator approximations to yield thermodynamic values at room temperature. The 0 K BDEs of H2O ligands to Th(OH)3+ (IV) are experimentally determined for the first time as 106 ± 6, 89 ± 6, 76 ± 4, and 51 ± 4 kJ/mol for the first, second, third, and fourth water ligand added. These values agree reasonably well with values calculated at the B3LYP, B3PW91, and PBE0 levels of theory with aug-cc-pVQZ basis sets, whereas B3LYP-GD3BJ, MP2, and CCSD(T) single point energies with (without) counterpoise corrections systematically overestimate the bond energies by about 15 (20), 19 (25), and (18) kJ/mol, respectively.

4.
J Phys Chem A ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176490

RESUMO

The bond dissociation energies at 0 K (BDE) of Au2+-CH4 and Au2CH4+-CH4 have been determined using two separate experimental methods. Analyses of collision-induced dissociation cross sections for Au2CH4+ + Xe and Au2(CH4)2+ + Xe measured using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer (GIBMS) yield BDEs of 0.71 ± 0.05 and 0.57 ± 0.07 eV, respectively. Statistical modeling of association kinetics of Au2(CH4)0-2+ + CH4 + He measured from 200 to 400 K and at 0.3-0.9 Torr using a selected-ion flow tube (SIFT) apparatus yields slightly higher values of 0.81 ± 0.21 and 0.75 ± 0.25 eV. The SIFT data also place a lower limit on the BDE of Au2C2H8+-CH4 of 0.35 eV, likely an activated isomer, not Au2(CH4)2+-CH4. Particular emphasis is placed on determining the uncertainty in the derivation from association kinetics measurements, including uncertainties in collisional energy transfer, calculated harmonic frequencies, and possible contribution of isomerization of the association complexes. This evaluation indicates that an uncertainty of ±0.2 eV should be expected and that an uncertainty of better than ±0.1 eV is unlikely to be reasonable.

5.
J Phys Chem A ; 124(13): 2560-2572, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176491

RESUMO

Reactions of the atomic lanthanide cerium cation (Ce+) with H2, D2, and HD were studied by using guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry. Analysis of the kinetic-energy-dependent endothermic reactions to form CeH+ (CeD+) led to a 0 K bond dissociation energy (BDE) for CeH+ of 2.19 ± 0.09 eV. Theoretical calculations for CeH+ were performed at the B3LYP, BHLYP, and PBE0 levels of theory and overestimate the experimental BDE. In contrast, extrapolation to the complete basis set limit using coupled-cluster with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations, CCSD(T), gave a value (2.33 eV) in reasonable agreement with the experimental BDE. The branching ratio of the CeH+ and CeD+ products in the HD reaction suggests that the reaction occurs via a statistical mechanism involving a long-lived intermediate. Relaxed potential energy surfaces for CeH2+ were computed and are consistent with the availability of such an intermediate, but the crossing point between quartet and doublet surfaces helps explain the inefficiency of the association reaction observed in the literature. The reactivity and CeH+ BDE are compared with previous results for group 4 transition metal cations (Ti+, Zr+, and Hf+), other lanthanides (La+, Sm+, Gd+, and Lu+), and the isovalent actinide Th+. Periodic trends and insight into the role of the electronic configuration on metal-hydride bond strength are discussed.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083480

RESUMO

Kinetic energy dependent reactions of ThO+ with O2 are studied using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. The formation of ThO2+ in the reaction of ThO+ with O2 is observed to be slightly endothermic and also exhibits two obvious features in the cross section. These kinetic energy dependent cross sections were modeled to determine a 0 K bond dissociation energy of D0(OTh+-O) = 4.94 ± 0.06 eV. This value is slightly larger but within experimental uncertainty of less precise previously reported experimental values. The higher energy feature in the ThO2+ cross section was also analyzed and suggests formation of an excited state of the product ion lying 3.1 ± 0.2 eV above the ground state. Additionally, the thermochemistry of ThO2+ was explored by quantum chemical calculations, including a full Feller-Peterson-Dixon (FPD) composite approach with correlation contributions up to CCSDT(Q) and four-component spin-orbit corrections, as well as more approximate CCSD(T) calculations including semiempirical estimates of spin-orbit energy contributions. The FPD approach predicts D0(OTh+-O) = 4.87 ± 0.04 eV, in good agreement with the experimental value. Analogous FPD results for ThO+, ThO, and ThO2 are also presented, including ionization energies for both ThO and ThO2. The ThO2+ bond energy is larger than those of its transition metal congeners, TiO2+ and ZrO2+, which can be attributed partially to an actinide contraction, but also to contributions from the participation of f orbitals on thorium that are unavailable to the transition metal systems.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971533

RESUMO

The kinetic energy dependent reactions of Re+ with SO2 were studied with guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry. ReO+, ReO2+, and OReS+ species were observed as products, all in endothermic reactions. Modeling of the kinetic energy dependent cross sections yields 0 K bond dissociation energies (BDEs, in eV) of 4.78 ± 0.06 (Re+-O), 5.75 ± 0.02 (Re+-O2), and 4.35 ± 0.14 (Re+-SO). The latter two values can be combined with other information to derive the additional values 6.05 ± 0.05 (ORe+-O) and 4.89 ± 0.19 (ORe+-S). BDEs of ReO+ and ReO2+ agree with literature values whereas the values for OReS+ are the first measurements. The former result is obtained even though formation of ground state ReO+ is spin-forbidden. Quantum mechanical calculations at the B3LYP level of theory with a def2-TZVPPD basis set yield results that agree reasonably well with experimental values. Additional calculations at the BP86 and CCSD(T) levels of theory using def2-QZVPPD and aug-cc-pVxZ (x = T, Q, and 5) basis sets were performed to compare thermochemistry with experiment to determine that ReO2+ rather than the isobaric ReS+ is formed. Product ground states are 3Δ3(ReO+), 3B1(OReO+), 5Π-1(ReS+), and 3A''(OReS+) after including empirical spin-orbit corrections, which means that formation of ground state products is spin-forbidden for all three product channels. The potential energy surfaces for the ReSO2+ system were also explored at the B3LYP/def2-TZVPPD level and exhibited no barriers in excess of the endothermicities for all products. BDEs for rhenium oxide and sulfide diatomics and triatomics are compared and discussed. The present result for formation of ReO+ is compared to that for formation of ReO+ in the reactions of Re+ + O2 and CO, where the former system exhibited interesting dual cross section features. Results are consistent with the hypothesis that the distinction of in-plane and out-of-plane CS symmetry in the triatomic systems might be the explanation for the two endothermic features observed in the Re+ + O2 reaction.

8.
J Phys Chem B ; 123(44): 9343-9354, 2019 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604374

RESUMO

Complexes of threonine (Thr) cationized with Zn2+ and Cd2+ were examined by infrared multiple photon dissociation action spectroscopy using light generated from a free electron laser. Low-energy conformers for Zn(Thr-H)+(ACN) (where ACN = acetonitrile), Zn(Gly-H)+(ACN) (formed via CO2-laser irradiation of intact Zn(Thr-H)+(ACN)), and CdCl+(Thr) complexes were found using quantum chemical calculations in order to identify the structures formed experimentally. For all species, the predicted ground structures reproduce the experimental spectra well, where tridentate [N, CO, OHs] binding motifs were dominantly observed for the intact Zn(Thr-H)+(ACN) and CdCl+(Thr) complexes. In both of these cases, the metal center binds to the backbone amino group (N), carbonyl oxygen (CO, where this site is deprotonated in the Zn2+ complex), and side-chain hydroxyl oxygen (OHs). For the Zn2+ system, there also appears to be a population of a higher-energy species in which the side chain is deprotonated, either [N, Os-, CO] or [N, Os-, OH]. CO2-laser irradiation of Zn(Thr-H)+(ACN) leads to loss of its side chain via elimination of acetaldehyde, yielding a bidentate Zn(Gly-H)+[N, CO-](ACN) complex. Overall, this work explores the binding interactions between Thr and biologically relevant metals in a prototypical environment. Comparison of current work with previous analyses allows for the elucidation of important metal dependent trends associated with physiologically important metal-amino acid binding.

9.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(41): 8932-8941, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542925

RESUMO

The present work explores the structure of the gold carbene cation, AuCH2+, using infrared multiple photon dissociation action spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT). Unlike several other 5d transition-metal cations (M+ = Ta+, W+, Os+, Ir+, and Pt+) that react with methane by dehydrogenation to form MCH2+ species, gold cations are unreactive with methane at thermal energies. Instead, the metal carbene is formed by reacting atomic gold cations formed in a laser ablation source with ethylene oxide (cC2H4O) pulsed into a reaction channel downstream. The resulting [Au,C,2H]+ product photofragmented by loss of H2 as induced by radiation provided by the free-electron laser for intracavity experiments in the 300-1800 cm-1 range. Comparison of the experimental spectrum, obtained by monitoring the appearance of AuC+, and DFT calculated spectra leads to the identification of the ground-state carbene, AuCH2+ (1A1), as the species formed, as previously postulated theoretically. Unlike the covalent double bonds formed by the lighter, open-shell 5d transition metals, the closed-shell Au+ (1S, 5d10) atom binds to methylene by donation of a pair of electrons from CH2(1A1) into the empty 6s orbital of gold coupled with π back-bonding, i.e., dative bonding, as explored computationally. Contributions to the AuC+ appearance spectrum from larger complexes are also considered, and H2CAu+(c-C2H4O) seems likely to contribute one band observed.

10.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(11): 2318-2334, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435890

RESUMO

The 2'-substituents distinguish DNA from RNA nucleosides. 2'-O-methylation occurs naturally in RNA and plays important roles in biological processes. Such 2'-modifications may alter the hydrogen-bonding interactions of the nucleoside and thus may affect the conformations of the nucleoside in an RNA chain. Structures of the protonated 2'-O-methylated pyrimidine nucleosides were examined by infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy, assisted by electronic structure calculations. The glycosidic bond stabilities of the protonated 2'-O-methylated pyrimidine nucleosides, [Nuom+H]+, were also examined and compared to their DNA and RNA nucleoside analogues via energy-resolved collision-induced dissociation (ER-CID). The preferred sites of protonation of the 2'-O-methylated pyrimidine nucleosides parallel their canonical DNA and RNA nucleoside analogues, [dNuo+H]+ and [Nuo+H]+, yet their nucleobase orientation and sugar puckering differ. The glycosidic bond stabilities of the protonated pyrimidine nucleosides follow the order: [dNuo+H]+ < [Nuo+H]+ < [Nuom+H]+. The slightly altered structures help explain the stabilization induced by 2'-O-methylation of the pyrimidine nucleosides.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Nucleosídeos de Pirimidina/química , Ribose/química , DNA/química , Gases/química , Modelos Moleculares , Prótons , RNA/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
11.
Anal Chem ; 91(18): 11703-11711, 2019 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442028

RESUMO

Previous attempts to characterize the internal energies of ions produced by electrospray ionization (ESI) have chiefly relied upon benzylpyridinium ions, R-BnPy+, as thermometer ions. However, these systems are not well suited for this purpose because of their relatively high dissociation energies. Here, we propose benzhydrylpyridinium ions, R,R'-BhPy+, as a new class of thermometer ions. DLPNO-CCSD(T)/CBS//PBE0-D3BJ calculations for R,R'-BhPy+ (R,R' = H,H'; Me,Me'; H,OMe'; Me,OMe'; OMe,OMe'; NPh2,NPh2') predict that these ions fragment by the loss of pyridine via loose transition states. The computed threshold energies of these fragmentations, 0.70 ≤ E0 ≤ 1.74 eV, are significantly lower than those of the dissociation of the benzylpyridinium ions. The theoretical predictions agree well with results from guided ion beam experiments, which find threshold energies of 1.79 ± 0.11, 1.55 ± 0.13, and 1.37 ± 0.14 eV for the fragmentation of R,R'-BhPy+, R,R' = H,H'; Me,Me'; H,OMe', respectively. The determined thermochemistry for these systems is then used to characterize the internal energies of ions produced by ESI from dichloromethane and methanol solutions under standard conditions. Correlating the measured survival yields of five of the R,R'-BhPy+ ions with the computed threshold energies including explicit consideration of their dissociation rates, we derive energy distributions with maxima at 2.06 ± 0.13/1.88 ± 0.11 eV and widths of 0.86 ± 0.07/0.86 ± 0.06 eV (dichloromethane/methanol). These energy distributions are comparable to ion temperatures between 620 ± 20/590 ± 20 and 710 ± 20/680 ± 20 K (dichloromethane/methanol).

12.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(28): 5893-5905, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264866

RESUMO

The kinetic energy dependences of the reactions of ThO+, ThO2+, and OThOD+ with D2O, ThO2+ with D2, and OThOD+ with Xe were studied using guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry. Exothermic formation of OThOD+ is the dominant process observed in reactions of both ThO+ and ThO2+ with D2O. Minor products formed in endothermic reactions include ThO2+, DThO+, and ThO2D2+. OThOD+ is also formed in the reaction of ThO2+ with D2 but in an endothermic process. Collision-induced dissociation (CID) of OThOD+ with Xe leads to endothermic loss of the hydroxide ligand. OThOD+ reacts further with D2O to form the associative complex ThO3D3+, which is long-lived before dissociating back to the reactants. The OThOD+-D2O bond energy of the associative complex is measured to be 2.96 ± 0.05 eV by modeling the kinetic energy-dependent cross section for association using a phase space theory model that rigorously conserves angular momentum. By comparison with theory, this bond energy identifies the ThO3D3+ species as the trihydroxide cation, Th(OD)3+. From the endothermic reactions and CID of OThOD+ with Xe, the OTh+-D, OTh+-O, and OTh+-OD bond dissociation energies (BDEs) are measured to be 2.33 ± 0.24, 4.66 ± 0.15, and 6.00 ± 0.17 eV, respectively. All four of these BDEs are experimentally determined for the first time and agree reasonably well with values calculated at the B3LYP, B3PW91, and PBE0 levels of theory with cc-pVQZ basis sets. Complete potential energy surfaces for all reactions were calculated at the B3LYP/cc-pVTZ level and elucidate the mechanisms for all processes observed.

13.
J Chem Phys ; 151(3): 034304, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325947

RESUMO

Kinetic-energy dependent reactions of Th+ with N2 and NO are studied using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. The formation of ThO+ in the reaction of Th+ with NO is observed to be exothermic and barrierless with a reaction efficiency at low energies of 0.91 ± 0.18. Formation of ThN+ in the reactions of Th+ with N2 and NO is endothermic in both cases. The kinetic-energy dependent cross sections for formation of this product ion were evaluated to determine a 0 K bond dissociation energy (BDE) of D0(Th+-N) = 6.51 ± 0.08 eV, the first direct measurement of this BDE. Additionally, the reactions were explored by quantum chemical calculations, including a full Feller-Peterson-Dixon composite approach with correlation contributions up to CCSDTQ for ThN and ThN+, as well as more approximate CCSD(T) calculations where a semiempirical model was used to estimate spin-orbit energy contributions. The ThN+ BDE is found to be larger than those of the transition metal congeners, TiN+ along with estimated values for ZrN+ and HfN+, believed to be a result of the actinide contraction.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(23): 12625-12639, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155616

RESUMO

Complexes of 18-crown-6 ether (18C6) with four protonated amino acids (AAs) are examined using infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy utilizing light generated by the infrared free electron laser at the Centre Laser Infrarouge d'Orsay (CLIO). The AAs examined in this work include glycine (Gly) and the three basic AAs: histidine (His), lysine (Lys), and arginine (Arg). To identify the (AA)H+(18C6) conformations present in the experimental studies, the measured IRMPD spectra are compared to spectra calculated at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. Relative energies of various conformers and isomers are provided by single point energy calculations carried out at the B3LYP, B3P86, M06, and MP2(full) levels using the 6-311+G(2p,2d) basis set. The comparisons between the IRMPD and theoretical IR spectra indicate that 18C6 binds to Gly and His via the protonated backbone amino group, whereas protonated Lys prefers binding via the protonated side-chain amino group. Results for Arg are less definitive with strong evidence for binding to the protonated guanidino side chain (the calculated ground conformer at most levels of theory), but contributions from backbone binding to a zwitterionic structure are likely.

15.
J Chem Phys ; 150(17): 174305, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067891

RESUMO

Guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry was employed to measure the kinetic energy-dependent product ion cross sections for the collision induced dissociation of Au2 + with Xe. Gold dimer cations were formed in a glow discharge flow tube source that should create ions in their ground electronic state with thermal internal energies. Analysis of the endothermic kinetic energy dependent cross section accounts for multiple collisions, lifetime effects, and the internal energy of the reactant ion. The value obtained for the bond dissociation energy (BDE) of Au2 + is the first direct measurement and is reported here as 2.20 ± 0.21 eV. For comparison with experimental results, theoretical calculations were also completed at the B3LYP, M06-2X, and coupled cluster singles, doubles, and perturbative triples [CCSD(T,full)] levels of theory using the def2-TZVPPD basis set and at the CCSD(T)-F12/correlation-consistent polarized valence triple zeta basis with pseudopotential level. These results predict a 2Σg + electronic ground state for Au2 + with BDEs calculated at the B3LYP and both CCSD(T) levels of theory in agreement with the experiment within the uncertainty. Several electronically excited states are also evaluated theoretically.

16.
J Chem Phys ; 150(14): 144309, 2019 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981257

RESUMO

The exothermicity of the chemi-ionization reaction, Nd + O → NdO+ + e-, has been indirectly determined by measuring the thermochemistry for reactions of the lanthanide metal neodymium cation (Nd+) with O2, CO2, and CO and reactions of NdO+ with CO, O2, and Xe. Guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the kinetic energy dependent product ion cross sections for these reactions. NdO+ is formed through a barrierless exothermic process when the atomic metal cation reacts with O2 and CO2. All other reactions are observed to be endothermic. Analyses of the kinetic energy dependences of these cross sections yield 0 K bond dissociation energies (BDEs) for several species. The 0 K BDE for Nd+-O is determined to be 7.28 ± 0.10 eV from the average of four independent thresholds. This value is combined with the well-established Nd ionization energy to indicate an exothermicity of the title reaction of 1.76 ± 0.10 eV, which is lower and more precise than literature values. In addition, the Nd+-C, ONd+-O, and Nd+-CO BDEs are determined to be 2.61 ± 0.30, 2.12 ± 0.30, and 0.30 ± 0.21 eV. Additionally, theoretical BDEs of Nd+-O, Nd+-C, ONd+-O, and Nd+-CO are calculated at several levels for comparison with the experimental values. B3LYP calculations seriously underestimate the Nd+-O BDE, whereas MP2 and coupled-cluster with single, double-and perturbative triple excitations values are in reasonable agreement. Good agreement is generally obtained for Nd+-C, ONd+-O, and Nd+-CO BDEs as well.

17.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(10): 1835-1849, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016605

RESUMO

The reaction of atomic thorium cations with deuterated water as a function of kinetic energy from thermal to 10 eV was studied using guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry. At thermal energies, both ThO+ + D2 and DThO+ + D are formed in barrierless exothermic processes and reproduce results in the literature obtained using ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. As the energy is increased, the branching ratio between these two channels changes such that the dominant product changes from ThO+ to DThO+ and back to ThO+, until ThD+ + OD is energetically available and is the dominant product channel. To help understand these experimental results, a variety of theoretical approaches were tried and used to establish a potential energy surface, which compares well with previous theoretical studies. Utilizing the theoretical results, the kinetic energy dependent branching ratio between the ThO+ + D2 and DThO+ + D channels was calculated using both RRKM and phase space theory (PST). The results indicate that consideration of angular momentum conservation (as in PST) and spin-orbit corrected energies are needed to reproduce experimental results quantitatively. The PST modeling also provides relative energies for the two competing transition states that lead to the primary products, for which theory provides reasonable agreement. Graphical Abstract Note: This data is.

18.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(6): 1013-1027, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850973

RESUMO

We present a thorough characterization of fragmentations observed in threshold collision-induced dissociation (TCID) experiments of protonated glycylalanylglycine (H+GAG) with Xe using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. Kinetic energy dependent cross sections for nine ionic products were observed and analyzed to provide 0 K barriers for the six primary products: [b2]+, [y1 + 2H]+, [b3]+, CO loss, [y2 + 2H]+, and [a1]+; and three secondary products: [a2]+, [a3]+, and CH3CHNH2+, after accounting for multiple ion-molecule collisions, internal energy of reactant ions, unimolecular decay rates, competition between channels, and sequential dissociations. Relaxed potential energy surface scans performed at the B3LYP-GD3BJ/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory are used to identify transition states (TSs) and intermediates of the six primary and one secondary products (where the other two secondary products have mechanisms previously established). Geometry optimizations and single-point energy calculations were performed at several levels of theory. These theoretical energies are compared with experimental threshold energies and are found to give reasonably good agreement, with B3LYP-GD3BJ and M06-2X levels of theory performing better than other levels. The results obtained here are also compared with previous results for decomposition of H+GGG. The primary difference observed is a lowering of the threshold for the [b2]+ product ion and a concomitant suppression of the directly competing [y1 + 2H]+ product, the result of specific methylation of the [b2]+ product ion.

19.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(8): 1675-1688, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698967

RESUMO

We present experimental collision-induced dissociation (CID) cross sections as a function of kinetic energy for FeOH+(H2O) n, where n = 1-4, with xenon (Xe) obtained using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. Complexes with n = 2-4 are observed to undergo water loss, followed by sequential water loss at higher collision energies. In addition, we find that loss of the neutral hydroxide group is competitive with the primary water loss for n = 1. Bond dissociation energies (BDEs) at 0 K are derived through modeling of the experimental cross sections after accounting for multiple collisions, kinetic shifts, and reactant internal and kinetic energy distributions. Quantum chemical calculations include geometry optimizations performed at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory and then used for single point calculations at B3LYP, B3P86, MP2, and CCSD(T) levels with a 6-311+G(2d,2p) basis set. Additional geometry optimizations at the cam-B3LYP/def2-TZVP were also performed as well as empirical dispersion corrections at all levels. The various structures for the FeOH+(H2O) n complexes and their relative energies are discussed in detail. We also derive experimental BDEs for the OH loss from FeOH+(H2O) n, with n = 2-4, using the experimental BDE of n = 1 in combination with literature data for water loss from Fe+(H2O) n species. Measurements of BDEs for hydroxide and water loss from FeOH+(H2O) n ( n = 1-4) are the first such experimental measurements. Theoretically calculated BDEs are in reasonable agreement for water loss from both FeOH+(H2O) n and Fe+(H2O) n complexes and for D0(Fe+-OH) but are too low for the loss of OH from the larger hydrated complexes.

20.
J Phys Chem B ; 123(9): 1983-1997, 2019 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698972

RESUMO

The kinetic energy dependence of the collision-induced dissociation (CID) of Group 1 metal cations (M+ = Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+) chelated to the amino acid lysine (Lys) was measured by threshold CID using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. The simple loss of neutral lysine is the only dissociation channel observed with the heavier alkali metal cations, whereas CID of Li+(Lys) yields other competing channels including loss of NH3 (the dominant channel at low energy) and eight other reactions. Analysis of the kinetic energy-dependent cross sections yields experimental M+(Lys) bond dissociation energies (BDEs) of 376 ± 30, 219 ± 13, 160 ± 10, 141 ± 6, and 128 ± 4 kJ/mol for Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+, respectively. Computational searches yielded 18 distinct, low-energy structural families related to sites of M+ binding in M+(Lys) complexes and 10 distinct, low-energy structural families for neutral lysine. Among the four levels of theory and three basis sets used, four different ground conformers of M+(Lys) and four different ground conformers of lysine were found, including a ground conformer of K+(Lys) and Cs+(Lys), [Nε,CO(OH)], and its higher energy zwitterionic analogue, [Nε,CO2-], that better explains recent infrared multiple photon dissociation action spectroscopy results. Computational results for predicted ground structures of M+(Lys) complexes yielded computed BDEs in reasonable agreement with experiment.

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