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1.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35779805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proximal sealing zone has been the main interest in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), although the distal landing zone remodeling may also affect EVAR durability. The aim of this study was to assess iliac anatomy and its potential impact on distal landing zone adverse events after EVAR during the 12-month follow-up. METHODS: A prospective data collection of patients treated with standard bifurcated EVAR devices for abdominal aortic aneurysm was undertaken between 2017 and 2019. Patients that received extension to the external iliac artery were excluded. Follow-up included computed tomography angiography (CTA) at the 1st and 12th month postoperatively. The common iliac artery (CIA) diameter was assessed in three levels: origin (just below the aortic bifurcation), distally (just above the iliac bifurcation) and the middle of the distance between these two landmarks. Iliac angle, tortuosity indexes, relining and oversizing were also analyzed. Distal landing zone-related adverse events were any limb related re-intervention, endoleak type Ib, graft migration, limb stenosis, or occlusion. RESULTS: In total, 268 iliac limbs (134 patients) were included. In all three levels, the mean iliac artery diameters increased at 12-month follow-up. At the origin of the CIA, the diameter increased from 18.7 ± 10.5 mm to 19.9 ± 9.4 mm (P = 0.04), at the middle portion of the CIA, the diameter changed significantly from 15.5 ± 5.1 mm to 17.4 ± 5.4 mm (P < 0.001) and at the distal CIA, from 14.6 ± 3.3 mm to 15.1 ± 3.9 mm (P = 0.03). The iliac angle remained stable (P = 0.14) while the CIA index decreased significantly from 1.17 ± 0.13 to 1.11 ± 0.09 (P < 0.001). The mean value of oversizing was 21.5 ± 14.5% and affected distal iliac diameter increase (P < 0.001). The composite outcome of distal landing zone adverse events was not associated to diameter changes at any level. In 57 cases, a distal iliac diameter ≥18 mm was recorded. The estimated oversizing was lower (16.3 ± 11.8%) compared to <18 mm arteries (22.5 ± 14.9%, P = 0.01). At 12-month follow-up, iliac diameters remained stable in the ≥18 mm group. Endoleak type Ib was more common in iliac arteries ≥18 mm [3 (5.3%) vs. 1 (0.5%) (P = 0.04)] at 12-months. CONCLUSIONS: Post-EVAR iliac artery dilation does not seem to have an impact on distal landing zone adverse events during the 12-month follow-up. Aggressive oversizing may be related to iliac dilation. EVAR patients with iliac arteries ≥18 mm are at higher risk for ET Ib.

2.
J Clin Med ; 11(12)2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35743397

RESUMO

It remains unknown whether chronic systemic inflammation is associated with impaired microvascular perfusion during surgery. We evaluated the association between the preoperative basal inflammatory state, measured by plasma soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels, and intraoperative sublingual microcirculatory variables in patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery. Plasma suPAR levels were determined in 100 non-cardiac surgery patients using the suPARnostic® quick triage lateral flow assay. We assessed sublingual microcirculation before surgical incision and every 30 min during surgery using Sidestream Darkfield (SDF+) imaging and determined the De Backer score, the Consensus Proportion of Perfused Vessels (Consensus PPV), and the Consensus PPV (small). Elevated suPAR levels were associated with lower intraoperative De Backer score, Consensus PPV, and Consensus PPV (small). For each ng mL-1 increase in suPAR, De Backer score, Consensus PPV, and Consensus PPV (small) decreased by 0.7 mm-1, 2.5%, and 2.8%, respectively, compared to baseline. In contrast, CRP was not significantly correlated with De Backer score (r = -0.034, p = 0.36), Consensus PPV (r = -0.014, p = 0.72) or Consensus PPV Small (r = -0.037, p = 0.32). Postoperative De Backer score did not change significantly from baseline (5.95 ± 3.21 vs. 5.89 ± 3.36, p = 0.404), while postoperative Consensus PPV (83.49 ± 11.5 vs. 81.15 ± 11.8, p < 0.001) and Consensus PPV (small) (80.87 ± 13.4 vs. 78.72 ± 13, p < 0.001) decreased significantly from baseline. In conclusion, elevated preoperative suPAR levels were associated with intraoperative impairment of sublingual microvascular perfusion in patients undergoing elective major non-cardiac surgery.

3.
Eur J Midwifery ; 6: 23, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509983

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of pregnant women and women in the early postpartum period suffer from mental health problems. The COVID-19 pandemic represents a unique stressor during this period and many studies across the world have shown elevated rates of postpartum depression (PPD). METHODS: In this multicenter two-phase observational prospective cohort study, we aim to assess the prevalence of anxiety prior to labor (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7), as well as PPD at 6-8 weeks postpartum using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). RESULTS: Of the 330 women analyzed, 13.2% reported symptoms of depression using EPDS cut-off score ≥13. High antenatal levels of anxiety (24.8% scored ≥10 in GAD-7) were documented. A significant proportion of postpartum women reported a decrease in willingness to attend antenatal education courses (36%) and fewer antenatal visits to their obstetrician (34%) due to pandemic. Higher antenatal anxiety increased the odds of being depressed at 6-8 weeks postpartum (EPDS ≥13). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to reported prevalence of PPD from previous studies before the COVID-19 era in Greece, we did not find elevated rates during the first wave of the pandemic. High anxiety levels were observed indicating that there is a need for close monitoring in pregnancy during the pandemic and anxiety screening to identify women who need support in the pandemic era. A well-planned maternity program should be employed by all the associated care providers to maintain the proper antenatal care adjusted to the pandemic strains as well as a follow-up after labor.

4.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 80(3): 253-265, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of postoperative microcirculatory flow alterations and their effect on outcome have not been studied extensively. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis were designed to investigate the presence of sublingual microcirculatory flow alterations during the immediate and early postoperative period and their correlation with complications and survival. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus, Embase, PubMed Central, and Google Scholar was conducted for relevant articles from January 2000 to March 2021. Eligibility criteria were randomized controlled and non-randomized trials. Case reports, case series, review papers, animal studies and non-English literature were excluded. The primary outcome was the assessment of sublingual microcirculatory alterations during the immediate and early postoperative period in adult patients undergoing surgery. Risk of bias was assessed with the Ottawa-Newcastle scale. Standard meta-analysis methods (random-effects models) were used to assess the difference in microcirculation variables. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were included. No statistically significant difference was found between preoperative and postoperative total vessel density (p = 0.084; Standardized Mean Difference (SMD): -0.029; 95%CI: -0.31 to 0.26; I2 = 22.55%). Perfused vessel density significantly decreased postoperatively (p = 0.035; SMD: 0.344; 95%CI: 0.02 to 0.66; I2 = 65.66%), while perfused boundary region significantly increased postoperatively (p = 0.031; SMD: -0.415; 95%CI: -0.79 to -0.03; I2 = 37.21%). Microvascular flow index significantly decreased postoperatively (p = 0.028; SMD: 0.587; 95%CI: 0.06 to 1.11; I2 = 86.09%), while no statistically significant difference was found between preoperative and postoperative proportion of perfused vessels (p = 0.089; SMD: 0.53; 95%CI: -0.08 to 1.14; I2 = 70.71%). The results of the non-cardiac surgery post-hoc analysis were comparable except that no statistically significant difference in perfused vessel density was found (p = 0.69; SMD: 0.07; 95%CI: -0.26 to 0.39; I2 = 0%). LIMITATIONS: The included studies investigate heterogeneous groups of surgical patients. There were no randomized controlled trials. CONCLUSIONS: Significant sublingual microcirculatory flow alterations are present during the immediate and early postoperative period. Further research is required to estimate the correlation of sublingual microcirculatory flow impairment with complications and survival.


Assuntos
Microcirculação , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório
5.
Surgery ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing major surgery are often at risk of developing postoperative complications. We investigated whether a preoperative marker of chronic inflammation, soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor, can aid in identifying patients at high risk for postoperative complications, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS: In this prospective observational study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03851965), EDTA blood was collected from consecutive adult White patients scheduled for major noncardiac surgery with expected duration ≥2 hours under general anesthesia. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I to IV. Plasma soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor levels were determined using the suPARnostic quick triage lateral flow assay. The primary endpoint was postoperative complications defined as presence of any complication and/or admission to intensive care unit and/or mortality within the first 90 postoperative days. RESULTS: Preoperative soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor had an odds ratio of 1.50 (95% confidence interval: 1.24-1.82) for every ng/mL increase. When including age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, C-reactive protein, and grouped soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in multivariate analysis, patients with soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor between 5.5 and 10 ng/mL had an odds ratio of 11.2 (confidence interval: 3.1-40.8) and patients with soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor >10 ng/mL had an odds ratio of 19.9 (95% confidence interval: 4.3-92.9) compared to patients with soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor ≤5.5 ng/mL, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor showed an area under the curve of 0.82 (confidence interval: 0.72-0.91). Receiver operating characteristic analysis combining age, sex, C-reactive protein levels, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score and had an area under the curve of 0.71 (95% confidence interval: 0.61-0.82). Adding soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor to this model increased the area under the curve to 0.83 (95% confidence interval: 0.74-0.92) (P = .033). CONCLUSION: Preoperative soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor provided strong and independent predictive value on postoperative complications in White patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery.

7.
J BUON ; 26(4): 1266-1270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564980

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Never before the preoperative quality of life (QoL) score of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients was analyzed and linked directly to cancer staging according to pathology in specimens and, thereafter, in patients to estimate long-term prognosis. Our study attempted to give answers to these questions. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 80 elderly patients who underwent major colorectal surgery for cancer in a single University's surgical department conducted between 01/2018 and 12/2018. All patients aged >65 years, diagnosed with a resectable CRC without metastatic disease undergoing an elective surgery were prospectively included. As exclusion criteria were considered age <65 years, an emergency operation, non-resectable tumor, stage IV CRC and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score IV. All patients were asked to answer a self-administered questionnaire of the validated Greek version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30. RESULTS: Comparison of the mean score of EORTC QLQ-C30 showed stage I CRC was 87.62% (11.81%), 77.24% (12.91%) in stage II patients and 78.99% (15.25%) in stage III cancer. The mean difference between the three groups was statistically significant (p=0.002). Moreover, in post-hoc analysis, there was a statistically significant difference in the mean QLQ-C30 score between patients with stage I and stage II cancer (p=0.043) and between patients with stage I and stage III tumor (p=0.01), but this difference was not observed when comparing patients with stage II and III cancer (p=0.319). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated a significant association between preoperative QoL and tumor staging as shown in the specimen's examination in elderly patients with CRC. More prospective studies are needed to elucidate how QoL and its fluctuations during the postoperative period can be correlated with long-term survival and disease progression in elderly CRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577883

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication among patients suffering from malignancies, leading to an increased mortality rate. Novel randomized trials have added valuable information regarding cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) management using direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). The aim of this study is to present an overview of the current literature and recommendations in CAT treatment. A few randomized control trials (RCTs) have been integrated suggesting that DOACs may be effectively applied in CAT patients compared to low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) with a decreased mortality and VTE recurrence rate. However, the risk of bleeding is higher, especially in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. Real-world data are in accordance with these RCT findings, while in the currently available recommendations, DOACs are suggested as a reliable alternative to LMWH during the initial, long-term, and extended phase of treatment. Data retrieved from the current literature, including RCTs and "real-world" studies, aim to clarify the role of DOACs in CAT management, by highlighting their benefits and remarking upon the potential adverse outcomes. Current recommendations suggest the use of DOACs in well-selected patients with an increasing level of evidence through years.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Trombose , Tromboembolia Venosa , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
9.
Toxicol Rep ; 8: 1394-1398, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258235

RESUMO

The progress of COVID-19 from moderate to severe may be precipitous, while the characteristics of the disease are heterogenous. The aim of this study was to describe the development of sinus bradycardia in critically ill patients with COVID-19 and its association with outcome in outbreak due to the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 Lineage. We leveraged the multi-center SuPAR in Adult Patients With COVID-19 (SPARCOL) study and identified patients who required admission to intensive care unit (ICU). Inclusion criteria were: (a) adult (≥18 years old) patients hospitalized primarily for COVID-19; (b) a confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosed through reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test of nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal samples; and (c) at least one blood sample collected at admission and stored for suPAR, hs-CRP, and ferritin testing. All patients had continuous heart rate monitoring during hospitalization. In total, 81 patients were included. Of them, 17 (21 %) and 64 (79 %) were intubated and admitted to the ICU during the first and second wave, respectively. Two (12 %) and 62 (97 %) developed bradycardia before ICU admission, respectively (p < 0.001). Patients with bradycardia had increased suPAR (p < 0.001) and hs-CRP level (p < 0.001). Infusion of isoprenaline and/or noradrenaline was necessary to maintain an adequate rate and peripheral perfusion in all patients. Mortality was significantly higher in patients with bradycardia (p < 0.001). In conclusion, bradycardia was associated with poor outcome. As B.1.1.7 variant strain is spreading more rapidly in many countries, our findings help in the identification of patients who may require early admission to ICU.

10.
JBJS Case Connect ; 11(2)2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166270

RESUMO

CASE: An elderly, polytrauma patient receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) for atrial fibrillation required immediate surgery for open distal tibial fracture. As the initial reversal with vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma by the trauma team was ineffective, the "Bleeding Team" was convened and administrated the appropriate four-factor prothrombin complex regimen, reversing the VKA in a timely manner. Surgery was performed under peripheral nerve blockade subsequently. The postoperative course of the patient was uneventful. CONCLUSION: The individualized approach and the multidisciplinary experts' team guidance is of outmost importance in patients who are treated with anticoagulants and present for nonelective surgery.


Assuntos
Acenocumarol , Fraturas Expostas , Acenocumarol/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Expostas/complicações , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Vitamina K
11.
Blood ; 137(20): 2838-2847, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824972

RESUMO

Thromboembolic events, including venous thromboembolism (VTE) and arterial thromboembolism (ATE), and mortality from subclinical thrombotic events occur frequently in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) inpatients. Whether the risk extends postdischarge has been controversial. Our prospective registry included consecutive patients with COVID-19 hospitalized within our multihospital system from 1 March to 31 May 2020. We captured demographics, comorbidities, laboratory parameters, medications, postdischarge thromboprophylaxis, and 90-day outcomes. Data from electronic health records, health informatics exchange, radiology database, and telephonic follow-up were merged. Primary outcome was a composite of adjudicated VTE, ATE, and all-cause mortality (ACM). Principal safety outcome was major bleeding (MB). Among 4906 patients (53.7% male), mean age was 61.7 years. Comorbidities included hypertension (38.6%), diabetes (25.1%), obesity (18.9%), and cancer history (13.1%). Postdischarge thromboprophylaxis was prescribed in 13.2%. VTE rate was 1.55%; ATE, 1.71%; ΑCM, 4.83%; and MB, 1.73%. Composite primary outcome rate was 7.13% and significantly associated with advanced age (odds ratio [OR], 3.66; 95% CI, 2.84-4.71), prior VTE (OR, 2.99; 95% CI, 2.00-4.47), intensive care unit (ICU) stay (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.78-2.93), chronic kidney disease (CKD; OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.47-3.0), peripheral arterial disease (OR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.10-3.80), carotid occlusive disease (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.30-3.14), IMPROVE-DD VTE score ≥4 (OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.06-2.14), and coronary artery disease (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.04-2.17). Postdischarge anticoagulation was significantly associated with reduction in primary outcome (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.47-0.81). Postdischarge VTE, ATE, and ACM occurred frequently after COVID-19 hospitalization. Advanced age, cardiovascular risk factors, CKD, IMPROVE-DD VTE score ≥4, and ICU stay increased risk. Postdischarge anticoagulation reduced risk by 46%.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle
12.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807721

RESUMO

The association of chronic inflammatory markers with the clinical outcome after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was investigated. We included 230 patients, treated electively with EVAR. The values of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were measured pre- and postoperatively. Any major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) and acute kidney injury (AKI) were recorded. Adverse events occurred in 12 patients (5.2%). Seven patients suffered from MACE and five from AKI. Median NLR and PLR values were significantly increased after the procedure (NLR: from 3.34 to 8.64, p < 0.001 and PLR: from 11.37 to 17.21, p < 0.001). None of the patients or procedure characteristics were associated with the occurrence of either a MACE or AKI. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that postoperative NLR and PLR were strongly associated with AKI. A threshold postoperative NLR value of 9.9 was associated with the occurrence of AKI, with a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 81%. A threshold postoperative PLR value of 22.8 was associated with the occurrence of AKI, with a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 83%. Postoperative NLR and PLR have been associated with the occurrence of AKI after EVAR for AAA.

13.
World Neurosurg ; 149: 129-139, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In recent years, there has been a growing interest regarding the implementation of multimodal analgesia as an important component of the ideal perioperative patient management. The aim of the current umbrella review was to establish the role of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing spine surgery during the immediate postoperative period. METHODS: A systematic review of the pertinent literature was performed. The evaluation was based on a multitude of primary endpoints including the postoperative requirements for patient-controlled analgesia, pain intensity, back-related disability, overall functionality, patient satisfaction, complications, length of hospitalization, and costs. RESULTS: The results were summarized using a meta-analysis in the presence of quantitative data or in a narrative review, otherwise. There was a large body of high-quality evidence supporting that the implementation of multimodal analgesia improves patient outcome in terms of the intensity of postoperative pain, the requirements for postoperative opioid analgesia, and the opioid-associated side effects. Similarly, limited high-quality evidence supported that multimodal analgesia improved patients' functionality and satisfaction while decreasing the length of hospitalization and overall costs of surgery. However, the results were inconclusive as far as the disability was concerned. CONCLUSIONS: Multimodal analgesia seems to have an essential role for the optimal management of patients undergoing spine surgery. Future research is required to optimize the multimodal analgesia protocols in this group of patients.


Assuntos
Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico
14.
J Emerg Med ; 60(6): 764-771, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of video laryngoscopes by novice physicians may improve first-pass success rates compared with direct laryngoscopy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess whether time to intubation, number of laryngoscopy attempts, and first-pass success rate during laryngoscopy with the video laryngoscope or conventional Macintosh laryngoscope are affected by personal protective equipment (PPE) donning. METHODS: Seventy inexperienced physicians were randomly assigned to video laryngoscope or Macintosh groups and were instructed to perform intubation with both devices on a manikin, using PPE or a standard uniform. The primary outcomes were insertion time, number of laryngoscopy attempts, and first-pass success rates for each device with or without donning PPE. RESULTS: In the Macintosh group, significantly less time was needed for the first successful intubation without PPE vs. with PPE (12.17 ± 3.69 s vs. 24.07 ± 5.09 s, respectively; p < 0.0001). On the other hand, such difference was not observed in the video laryngoscope group (14.99 ± 3.01 s vs. 14.01 ± 3.35 s, respectively; p = 0.07). With PPE, the first-pass success rate was significantly higher in the video laryngoscope group [41 (58.6%) vs. 66 (94.3%), p < 0.001]. The use of the video laryngoscope resulted in a significant decrease in insertion time compared with the Macintosh blade (14.01 ± 3.35 s vs. 24.07 ± 5.09 s, respectively; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: First-pass success and insertion time with the video laryngoscope were not affected by PPE donning. However, both were negatively affected with the Macintosh laryngoscope.


Assuntos
Laringoscópios , Médicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Laringoscopia , Manequins , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Gravação em Vídeo
15.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(2): 353-363, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we proposed a combined outpatient treatment modality for hemorrhoidal disease. METHODS: This study was a prospective non-inferiority randomized controlled trial (RCT). The experimental group included the dearterialization and hemorrhoidopexy under pudendal nerve block, whereas the comparator consisted of the standard Doppler guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation and hemorrhoidopexy, under spinal anesthesia. As primary hypothesis, we considered the non-inferiority of the proposed modality in terms of the presenting symptom remission rate (non-inferiority margin: 10%). Randomization was based on a 1:1 ratio. Blinding was confined to the patient and the investigator. RESULTS: Overall, 60 patients were enrolled. The primary hypothesis of this RCT (96.7% vs 73.3%) was validated. The experimental group was associated with a lower operation duration and an expedited onset of mobilization and feeding. Moreover, a favorable profile regarding short-term morbidity and analgesia was identified. The control group displayed a higher pile recurrence rate and a suboptimal patient satisfaction. A significant effect of the treatment modality in most of the SF-36 components was confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed treatment modality was associated with favorable short and long-term outcomes. Due to specific limitations, further RCTs, with a larger sample size, are required. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov : NCT03298997.


Assuntos
Hemorroidectomia , Hemorroidas , Nervo Pudendo , Artérias/cirurgia , Hemorroidectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorroidas/cirurgia , Humanos , Ligadura , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 31(11): 2725-2735, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AKI commonly occurs in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Its pathogenesis is poorly understood. The urokinase receptor system is a key regulator of the intersection between inflammation, immunity, and coagulation, and soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has been identified as an immunologic risk factor for AKI. Whether suPAR is associated with COVID-19-related AKI is unknown. METHODS: In a multinational observational study of adult patients hospitalized for COVID-19, we measured suPAR levels in plasma samples from 352 adult patients that had been collected within 48 hours of admission. We examined the association between suPAR levels and incident in-hospital AKI. RESULTS: Of the 352 patients (57.4% were male, 13.9% were black, and mean age was 61 years), 91 (25.9%) developed AKI during their hospitalization, of whom 25 (27.4%) required dialysis. The median suPAR level was 5.61 ng/ml. AKI incidence rose with increasing suPAR tertiles, from a 6.0% incidence in patients with suPAR <4.60 ng/ml (first tertile) to a 45.8% incidence of AKI in patients with suPAR levels >6.86 ng/ml (third tertile). None of the patients with suPAR <4.60 ng/ml required dialysis during their hospitalization. In multivariable analysis, the highest suPAR tertile was associated with a 9.15-fold increase in the odds of AKI (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 3.64 to 22.93) and a 22.86-fold increase in the odds of requiring dialysis (95% CI, 2.77 to 188.75). The association was independent of inflammatory markers and persisted across subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Admission suPAR levels in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 are predictive of in-hospital AKI and the need for dialysis. SuPAR may be a key component of the pathophysiology of AKI in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Receptores de Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Int Angiol ; 39(2): 112-117, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our knowledge on the burden of symptomatic and asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy is limited. The aim of our study was to prospectively investigate the frequency of symptomatic VTE and asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs among cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: We studied 231 patients (164 men) with pancreatic (N.=36), lung (N.=136), ovarian (N.=32) or prostate (N.=27) cancer receiving first line (N.=192, 83.1%) or adjuvant chemotherapy, followed-up for 3-6 months. RESULTS: Some 17 patients were diagnosed with VTE, either asymptomatic detected on leg ultrasound (N.=7) or symptomatic (N.=10). The total frequency of VTE was 10.3% (17/165 with follow-up). Pancreatic cancer had the highest frequency of VTE (4/25, 16%) followed by ovarian (3/26, 11.5%) and lung cancer (10/94, 10.6%). There was no statistically significant difference in VTE rates among cancer types (P=0.36). VTE occurred more frequently in the presence of metastases (13/85, 15.3% vs. 4/80, 5.0%, for the remainder, P=0.03, OR 3.4). In the subgroup of patients receiving first line treatment, VTE occurred more frequently in patients with metastases (13/84, 15.5% vs. 2/53, 3.8%, for the remainder, P=0.033). In patients with pancreatic, lung or ovarian cancer receiving first line treatment, VTE occurred more frequently in patients with metastatic disease (19.1% vs. 4.0%, for the remainder, P=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: VTE occurrence in this real-world patient cohort was high, reaching almost 20% in certain groups, like those with disseminated pancreatic, lung or ovarian cancer receiving first-line chemotherapy. Furthermore, VTE occurs mostly as a symptomatic event, being likely a result of the prothrombotic state of malignancy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia
18.
World J Urol ; 38(11): 2761-2770, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938841

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The perioperative management of patients who are receiving antithrombotic (antiplatelet or anticoagulant) therapy and require urologic surgery is challenging due to the inherent risk for surgical bleeding and the need to minimize thromboembolic risk. The aim of this review is to assess the quality and consistency of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and clinical practice recommendations (CPRs) on this topic, and to summarize the evidence and associated strength of recommendations relating to perioperative antithrombotic management. METHODS: A pragmatic search of electronic databases and guidelines websites was performed to identify relevant CPGs/CPRs. The AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch and Evaluation) instrument was used to assess the methodological quality and integrity of the CPGs. RESULTS: The CPGs provided by the European Association of Urology (EAU), the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESC/ESA), and the CPRs provided by the International Consultation on Urological Disease (ICUD)/American Urologic Association (AUA) were retrieved and reviewed. The 3 CPGs were critically assessed using the AGREE II instrument. Inconsistent recommendations were provided based on the indication for antithrombotic medication, the antiplatelet/anticoagulant agent and the type of urological procedure. Based on the AGREE II tool for CPG assessment, the EAU CPGs scored higher (83.3 points) compared to the ESC/ESA (75 points) and ACCP CPG (66.7 points). CONCLUSION: The perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in urological patients is potentially challenging but inconsistent CPG of varying quality may create uncertainty as to best practices to minimize thromboembolic and bleeding risk.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos , Humanos , Período Perioperatório , Fatores de Risco
19.
J Vasc Surg ; 71(1): 56-63, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The natural history of endoleak type II (ET II) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is still debatable. The aim of this study was to examine the presence of preoperative and postoperative factors associated with persistence of ET II during the initial 12-month follow-up period. METHODS: A two-center retrospective study including patients subjected to EVAR from 2006 to 2017 was undertaken. Patients with ET II at 1-month computed tomography angiography (CTA) were categorized into two groups, resolution (group 1) vs persistence (group 2) of ET II at 12-month CTA. Preoperative demographics, comorbidities, aneurysm anatomic details, and pelvic artery index were assessed. Intraoperative details were also recorded. RESULTS: Of 825 patients, 140 (17%) patients (mean age, 71.7 ± 8.5 years; 94% male) presented with ET II at 1-month CTA. Group 1 included 58 patients (41%) and group 2, 82 patients (59%). The anatomic characteristics of the inferior mesenteric artery and lumbar arteries and the pelvic artery indices were not associated with ET II persistence. All patients in group 1 had presence of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) on preoperative CTA (group 1, 100%; group 2, 67%; P = .001), and the circular pattern of ILT was more common in group 1 (group 1, 44%; group 2, 24%; P = .01). At 12-month CTA, the mean sac regression was higher in group 1 (group 1, -3 ± 4 mm; group 2, 0.55 ± 3 mm; P = .000). After multivariate analysis, persistence of ET II was directly associated only with intraoperative internal iliac occlusion (odds ratio [OR], 0.232; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.06-0.86; P = .03) and inversely with statin therapy (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.01- 6.8; P = .047) and sac regression (OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.11-1.39; P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: Induced occlusion of the internal iliac artery during EVAR was the only factor associated with persistence of ET II during the first year after EVAR. The presence and pattern of ILT may play a role in ET II persistence, whereas the number of patent infrarenal aortic branches and their diameter as well as the pelvic artery indices were not associated with ET II. The use of statins may have a positive effect on ET II resolution during the first postoperative year. Sac diameter is more likely to regress in patients with ET II resolution.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
JAMA Intern Med ; 179(11): 1469-1478, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380891

RESUMO

Importance: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who use a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) and request elective surgery or procedure present a common clinical situation yet perioperative management is uncertain. Objective: To investigate the safety of a standardized perioperative DOAC management strategy. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Perioperative Anticoagulation Use for Surgery Evaluation (PAUSE) cohort study conducted at 23 clinical centers in Canada, the United States, and Europe enrolled and screened patients from August 1, 2014, through July 31, 2018. Participants (n = 3007) had AF; were 18 years of age or older; were long-term users of apixaban, dabigatran etexilate, or rivaroxaban; were scheduled for an elective surgery or procedure; and could adhere to the DOAC therapy interruption protocol. Interventions: A simple standardized perioperative DOAC therapy interruption and resumption strategy based on DOAC pharmacokinetic properties, procedure-associated bleeding risk, and creatinine clearance levels. The DOAC regimens were omitted for 1 day before a low-bleeding-risk procedure and 2 days before a high-bleeding-risk procedure. The DOAC regimens were resumed 1 day after a low-bleeding-risk procedure and 2 to 3 days after a high-bleeding-risk procedure. Follow-up of patients occurred for 30 days after the operation. Main Outcomes and Measures: Major bleeding and arterial thromboembolism (ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, and transient ischemic attack) and the proportion of patients with an undetectable or minimal residual anticoagulant level (<50 ng/mL) at the time of the procedure. Results: The 3007 patients with AF (mean [SD] age of 72.5 [9.39] years; 1988 men [66.1%]) comprised 1257 (41.8%) in the apixaban cohort, 668 (22.2%) in the dabigatran cohort, and 1082 (36.0%) in the rivaroxaban cohort; 1007 patients (33.5%) had a high-bleeding-risk procedure. The 30-day postoperative rate of major bleeding was 1.35% (95% CI, 0%-2.00%) in the apixaban cohort, 0.90% (95% CI, 0%-1.73%) in the dabigatran cohort, and 1.85% (95% CI, 0%-2.65%) in the rivaroxaban cohort. The rate of arterial thromboembolism was 0.16% (95% CI, 0%-0.48%) in the apixaban cohort, 0.60% (95% CI, 0%-1.33%) in the dabigatran cohort, and 0.37% (95% CI, 0%-0.82%) in the rivaroxaban cohort. In patients with a high-bleeding-risk procedure, the rates of major bleeding were 2.96% (95% CI, 0%-4.68%) in the apixaban cohort and 2.95% (95% CI, 0%-4.76%) in the rivaroxaban cohort. Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, patients with AF who had DOAC therapy interruption for elective surgery or procedure, a perioperative management strategy without heparin bridging or coagulation function testing was associated with low rates of major bleeding and arterial thromboembolism.

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