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1.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(3): 0-0, nov.-feb. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-7102

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Identificar los factores asociados a una baja adherencia de un programa de habilidades parentales. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal realizado en una muestra por conveniencia de 624 personas entre 2017 y 2018 en Barcelona. Se definió como baja adherencia acudir a menos del 70% del total de sesiones del programa. Se ajustaron modelos de regresiones logísticas multinivel y se examinaron variables sociodemográficas, del programa y de las profesionales secuencialmente para determinar los factores asociados. RESULTADOS: Un 35% de los participantes no cumplió con la asistencia mínima establecida. La adherencia aumenta cuando la institución que lidera la intervención pertenece a servicios de salud, la intervención se realiza por la mañana y las profesionales tienen experiencia en el trabajo con familias. CONCLUSIONES: La adherencia se asocia a factores del programa y de las profesionales. Se deberían seguir invirtiendo esfuerzos en mejorarla haciendo énfasis en la correcta recogida y monitorización de los datos sobre la asistencia, que permitan ampliar la investigación en este ámbito


OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with low adherence to a parental skills programme. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 624 people between 2017 and 2018 in Barcelona. Low adherence was defined as lower than 70% attendance at all established sessions. Multilevel logistic regression model were performed. Sociodemographic, programme and professional variables were sequentially examined to determine which factors were associated with non-adherence. RESULTS: A total of 35% of participants did not meet the minimum attendance requirement. Adherence increased when the institution that led the intervention belonged to health services, when the intervention was held in the morning and when professionals had experience working with families. CONCLUSIONS: Adherence is associated with both programme and professional factors. Further efforts should be made to improve the programme. Special emphasis should be placed on correct collection and monitoring of data on attendance, which would facilitate further research in this area

2.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 79(2): 297-308, 2005.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15913062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The health effects of air pollution have been analyzed in numerous studies over recent years, thus having made it possible to quantify the relationship between the two. This study is aimed at analyzing the theoretical benefits which would be achieved by meeting the air quality objectives set forth under EC Directive 1999/30/EC with regard to suspended particles. METHODS: The exposure measurement was taken for Black Smoke (Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia) and suspended particles under 10 microm (PM10) (Bilbao, Madrid y Sevilla). The health indicators calculated were the mortality due to all causes and respiratory and cardiovascular causes, and emergency hospital admissions and mortality due to respiratory and cardiovascular causes. In the case of PM10 the impact has been calculated because its effects to short-term, within a period of up to 40 days following exposure, and to long-term. For Black Smoke the effects only has been calculated to short-term. RESULTS: The daily levels of PM10 from exceeding 50 microg/m3 in Bilbao, Madrid and Sevilla cause the earlier death of 1.4/100,000 individuals per year because its effects. The effect within a period of up to 40 days following exposure is of 2.8 deaths/100,000. The total number of deaths per year which may be later due to long-term exposure if the yearly average is lowered to 20 microg/m3 is 68/100,000. CONCLUSIONS: The health impact of the current air pollution levels is quantifiable and is not insignificant. APHEIS and the impact evaluations may be of aid in healthcare planning and environmental policies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Cidades , Exposição Ambiental , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Espanha
3.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 79(2): 297-308, mar.-abr. 2005. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-038901

RESUMO

Fundamento: Los efectos de la contaminación atmosféricasobre la salud han sido objeto en los últimos años de numerosos estudiosque han permitido cuantificar la asociación entre ambas El objetivode este trabajo es llevar a cabo la Evaluación del Impacto enSalud (EIS) calculando los beneficios que se obtendrían al cumplirlos objetivos establecidos por la Directiva 1999/30/CE en relacióncon las partículas en suspensión.Métodos: Se ha valorado el impacto en salud de la contaminación atmosférica por partículas en suspensión, para lo que se han utilizadodos indicadores distintos: Humos Negros (HN) (Barcelona,Bilbao, Valencia) y partículas en suspensión menores de 10 mm(PM10) (Bilbao, Madrid y Sevilla). Los indicadores de salud fueronla mortalidad por todas las causas, por causa respiratoria y por causacardiovascular, e ingresos hospitalarios urgentes por causa respiratoriay cardiovascular. El EIS se ha realizado mediante el cálculo de lafracción atribuible a la contaminación por partículas. En el caso dePM10 se ha calculado el impacto debido a efectos de la contaminación a corto plazo, los acumulados hasta 40 días después, y a largoplazo. Para HN únicamente se han calculado efectos a corto plazo.Resultados: Los niveles diarios de PM10 por encima de 50µg/m3 en Bilbao, Madrid y Sevilla son responsables de 1,4 muertesprematuras por 100.000 habitantes y año debido a sus efectos a cortoplazo y de 2,8 muertes/100.000 en un periodo de hasta 40 días trasla exposición. A largo plazo, el número de muertes prematuras atribuiblesa la contaminación media anual de PM10 por encima de 20µg/m3 es 68/100.000.Conclusiones: El impacto en salud de los niveles actuales decontaminación atmosférica es cuantificable y no despreciable.APHEIS y las evaluaciones de impacto pueden ayudar a la planificación sanitaria y a las políticas medioambientales


Background: The health effects of air pollution have beenanalyzed in numerous studies over recent years, thus having madeit possible to quantify the relationship between the two. This studyis aimed at analyzing the theoretical benefits which would be achievedby meeting the air quality objectives set forth under EC Directive1999/30/EC with regard to suspended particles.Methods: The exposure measurement was taken for Black Smoke(Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia) and suspended particles under 10mm (PM10) (Bilbao, Madrid y Sevilla). The health indicators calculatedwere the mortality due to all causes and respiratory and cardiovascularcauses, and emergency hospital admissions and mortalitydue to respiratory and cardiovascular causes. In the case of PM10 theimpact has been calculated because its effects to short-term, within aperiod of up to 40 days following exposure, and to long-term. ForBlack Smoke the effects only has been calculated to short-term.Results: The daily levels of PM10 from exceeding 50 µg/m3 inBilbao, Madrid and Sevilla cause the earlier death of 1.4/100,000individuals per year because its effects. The effect within a period ofup to 40 days following exposure is of 2.8 deaths/100,000. The totalnumber of deaths per year which may be later due to long-term exposureif the yearly average is lowered to 20 µg/m3 is 68/100,000.Conclusions: The health impact of the current air pollutionlevels is quantifiable and is not insignificant. APHEIS and theimpact evaluations may be of aid in healthcare planning and environmentalpolicies


Assuntos
Humanos , Cidades , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Exposição Ambiental , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Pública , Espanha
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