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2.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197562

RESUMO

Right ventricular function has long been neglected by heart failure specialists. We have now learnt that it is strongly associated with morbidity and mortality in all patients with heart failure, regardless of the degree of left ventricular dysfunction. Importantly, right ventricular function is tightly linked with pulmonary hypertension, and only a thorough understanding of how the right ventricle couples with the pulmonary circulation can provide an improved knowledge of the pathophysiology and possibly a more efficient treatment and a better prognosis in patients with heart failure.

3.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 68, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia has detrimental effect on ischemic myocardium, but the impact of acute hyperglycemia on the myocardium in asymptomatic diabetic patients has not been fully elucidated. Thus, this follow-up study was aimed to investigate the effects and reversibility of acute hyperglycemia on regional contractile function of left ventricle (LV) in diabetic patients without cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE), including multilayer strain analysis, was used for evaluation of global and regional LV function in asymptomatic, normotensive patients with uncomplicated diabetes, with acute hyperglycemia ( ≥ 11.1 mmol/l) (Group A, n = 67), or with optimal metabolic control (fasting plasma glucose < 7 mmol/l and HbA1c < 7%) (Group B, n = 20), while 20 healthy individuals served as controls (Group C). In group A, after 72 h of i.v. continuous insulin treatment (at the time euglycemia was achieved) (second examination) and after 3 months following acute hyperglycemia (third examination) 2D-STE was repeated. RESULTS: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) (- 19.6 ± 0.4%) in Group A was significantly lower in comparison to both groups B (- 21.3 ± 0.4%; p < 0.05) and C (- 21.9 ± 0.4%; p < 0.01) at baseline, while we could not detect the differences between groups B and C. Peak systolic longitudinal endocardial (Endo), mid-myocardial (Mid) and epicardial (Epi) layer strain were significantly lower in group A at baseline compared to both groups B and C. Deterioration in peak systolic circumferential strain was observed at basal LV level, in all three layers (Endo, Mid and Epi) and in mid-cavity LV level in Epi layer in group A in comparison to group C. Moreover, in group A, after euglycemia was achieved (at second and third examination) GLS, as well as peak longitudinal and circumferential strain remain the same. CONCLUSION: Acute hyperglycemia in asymptomatic diabetic patients has significant negative effects on systolic LV myocardial mechanics primarily by reducing GLS and multilayer peak systolic longitudinal and circumferential strain which was not reversible after three months of good glycemic control.

4.
Heart ; 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The influence of the bleeding site on long-term survival after the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood. This study sought to investigate the relationship between in-hospital access site versus non-access site bleeding and very late mortality in unselected patients treated with primary PCI. METHODS: Data of the 2715 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary PCI, enrolled in a prospective registry of a high volume tertiary centre, were analysed. Bleeding events were assessed according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) criteria. The primary outcome was 4-year mortality. RESULTS: The BARC type ≥2 bleeding occurred in 171 patients (6.3%). Access site bleeding occurred in 3.8%, and non-access site bleeding in 2.5% of patients. Four-year mortality was significantly higher for patients with bleeding (BARC type ≥2) than in patients without bleeding (BARC type 0+1), (36.3% vs 16.2%, p<0.001). Patients with non-access site bleeding had higher 4 year mortality (50.7% vs 26.5%, p=0.001). After multivariable adjustment, BARC type ≥2 bleeding was the independent predictor of 4 year mortality (HR 2.01; 95% CI 1.49 to 2.71, p<0.001). Patients with a non-access site bleeding were at 2-fold higher risk of very late mortality than patients with an access site bleeding (HR 2.62; 1.78 to 3.86, p<0.001 vs HR 1.57; 1.03 to 2.38, p=0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Both access and non-access site BARC type ≥2 bleeding is independently associated with a high risk of 4-year mortality after primary PCI. Patients with non-access site bleeding were at higher risk of late mortality than patients with access site bleeding.

5.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(5): 553-576, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989768

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of heart muscle diseases and an important cause of heart failure (HF). Current knowledge on incidence, pathophysiology and natural history of HF in cardiomyopathies is limited, and distinct features of their therapeutic responses have not been systematically addressed. Therefore, this position paper focuses on epidemiology, pathophysiology, natural history and latest developments in treatment of HF in patients with dilated (DCM), hypertrophic (HCM) and restrictive (RCM) cardiomyopathies. In DCM, HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has high incidence and prevalence and represents the most frequent cause of death, despite improvements in treatment. In addition, advanced HF in DCM is one of the leading indications for heart transplantation. In HCM, HF with preserved ejection (HFpEF) affects most patients with obstructive, and ∼10% of patients with non-obstructive HCM. A timely treatment is important, since development of advanced HF, although rare in HCM, portends a poor prognosis. In RCM, HFpEF is common, while HFrEF occurs later and more frequently in amyloidosis or iron overload/haemochromatosis. Irrespective of RCM aetiology, HF is a harbinger of a poor outcome. Recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the development of HF in cardiomyopathies have significant implications for therapeutic decision-making. In addition, new aetiology-specific treatment options (e.g. enzyme replacement therapy, transthyretin stabilizers, immunoadsorption, immunotherapy, etc.) have shown a potential to improve outcomes. Still, causative therapies of many cardiomyopathies are lacking, highlighting the need for the development of effective strategies to prevent and treat HF in cardiomyopathies.

6.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(4): e011190, 2019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30764687

RESUMO

Background We hypothesized that female sex is a treatment effect modifier of blood flow and related 30-day mortality after primary percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) for ST -segment-elevation myocardial infarction and that the magnitude of the effect on outcomes differs depending on delay to hospital presentation. Methods and Results We identified 2596 patients enrolled in the ISACS - TC (International Survey of Acute Coronary Syndromes in Transitional Countries) registry from 2010 to 2016. Primary outcome was the occurrence of 30-day mortality. Key secondary outcome was the rate of suboptimal post- PCI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction ( TIMI ; flow grade 0-2). Multivariate logistic regression and inverse probability of treatment weighted models were adjusted for baseline clinical covariates. We characterized patient outcomes associated with a delay from symptom onset to hospital presentation of ≤120 minutes. In multivariable regression models, female sex was associated with postprocedural TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (odds ratio [ OR ], 1.68; 95% CI , 1.15-2.44) and higher mortality ( OR, 1.72; 95% CI , 1.02-2.90). Using inverse probability of treatment weighting, 30-day mortality was higher in women compared with men (4.8% versus 2.5%; OR , 2.00; 95% CI , 1.27-3.15). Likewise, we found a significant sex difference in post- PCI TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (8.8% versus 5.0%; OR , 1.83; 95% CI , 1.31-2.56). The sex gap in mortality was no longer significant for patients having hospital presentation of ≤120 minutes ( OR , 1.28; 95% CI , 0.35-4.69). Sex difference in post- PCI TIMI flow grade was consistent regardless of time to hospital presentation. Conclusions Delay to hospital presentation and suboptimal post- PCI TIMI flow grade are variables independently associated with excess mortality in women, suggesting complementary mechanisms of reduced survival. Clinical Trial Registration URL : http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT 01218776.

7.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487318807767, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335505

RESUMO

Background We assessed the prevalence of newly diagnosed prediabetes and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and their impact on long-term mortality in patients hospitalized for worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods We included patients hospitalized with HFrEF and New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II-III. Baseline two-hour oral glucose tolerance test was used to classify patients as normoglycaemic or having newly diagnosed prediabetes or T2DM. Outcomes included post-discharge all-cause and cardiovascular mortality during the median follow-up of 2.1 years. Results At baseline, out of 150 patients (mean-age 57 ± 12 years; 88% male), prediabetes was diagnosed in 65 (43%) patients, and T2DM in 29 (19%) patients. These patients were older and more often with NYHA class III symptoms, but distribution of comorbidities was similar to normoglycaemic patients. Taking normoglycaemic patients as a reference, adjusted risk of all-cause mortality was significantly increased both in patients with prediabetes (hazard ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-6.3; p = 0.040) and in patients with T2DM (hazard ratio, 5.3; 95% CI, 1.7-15.3; p = 0.023). Likewise, both prediabetes (hazard ratio, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.1-7.9; p = 0.041) and T2DM (hazard ratio, 9.7; 95% CI 2.9-36.7; p = 0.018) independently increased the risk of cardiovascular mortality compared with normoglycaemic individuals. There was no interaction between either prediabetes or T2DM and heart failure aetiology or gender on study outcomes (all interaction p-values > 0.05). Conclusions Newly diagnosed prediabetes and T2DM are highly prevalent in patients hospitalized for worsening HFrEF and NYHA functional class II-III. Importantly, they impose independently increased long-term risk of higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.

8.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 20(4): 256, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297592
10.
Eur Heart J ; 39(45): 4030-4039, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30101326

RESUMO

Aims: Evidence suggests an excess risk of non-thromboembolic major adverse cardiac events (MACE) associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly in individuals free of overt coronary artery disease (CAD). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases cardiovascular risk in the general population, but less is known how it influences outcomes in AF patients. We aimed to assess whether MetS affects the risk of MACE in AF patients without overt CAD. Methods and results: This prospective, observational study enrolled 843 AF patients (mean-age, 62.5 ± 12.1 years, 38.6% female) without overt CAD. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program. The 5-year composite MACE included myocardial infarction (MI), coronary revascularization, and cardiac death. Metabolic syndrome was present in 302 (35.8%) patients. At 5-year follow-up, 118 (14.0%) patients experienced MACE (2.80%/year). Metabolic syndrome conferred a multivariable adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of 1.98 for MACE [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.23-3.16; P = 0.004], and for individual outcomes: MI (aHR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.69-5.11; P < 0.001), revascularization (aHR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.40-3.87; P = 0.001), and cardiac death (aHR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.25-5.33; P = 0.011). Following the propensity score (PS)-adjustment for MetS, the association between MetS and MACE (PS-aHR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.21-3.01; P = 0.012), MI (PS-aHR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.54-5.00; P = 0.008), revascularization (PS-aHR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.69-3.11; P = 0.015), and cardiac death (PS-aHR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.14-5.11; P = 0.023) remained significant. Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is common in AF patients without overt CAD, and confers an independent, increased risk of MACE, including MI, coronary revascularization, and cardiac death. Given its prognostic implications, prevention and treatment of MetS may reduce the burden of non-thromboembolic complications in AF.

11.
Curr Pharm Des ; 24(25): 2960-2966, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) is defined as the preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with the signs of heart failure, elevated natriuretic peptides, and either the evidence of the structural heart disease or diastolic dysfunction. The importance of this form of heart failure was increased after studies where the mortality rates and readmission to the hospital were founded similar as in patients with HF and reduced EF (HFrEF). Coronary microvascular ischemia, cardiomyocyte injury and stiffness could be important factors in the pathophysiology of HFpEF. METHODS: The goal of this work is to analyse the relationship of HFpEF and coronary microcirculation in previous studies. RESULTS: The useful diagnostic marker of coronary microcirculation in HFpEF may be the parameters measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), the coronary flow reserve (CFR), as well as fractional flow reserve (FFR) and quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging represents the diagnostic gold standard in HFpEF. Coronary microvascular dysfunction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) is poorly understood and may be more prevalent amongst women than men. Troponin level may be important in risk stratification of HEpEF patients. CONCLUSION: There are no precise answers with respect to the pathophysiological mechanism, nor are there any precise practical clinical assessment of and diagnostic method for coronary microvascular dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction. In accordance with that, there is no well-established treatment for HFpEF.

12.
Endocrine ; 62(1): 136-143, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29959689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intrinsic imperfections of thyroid hormone replacement therapy may affect long-term general well-being. In patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT), cognitive functioning may be affected via altered thyroid hormones action as well as by the autoimmune process. The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) in patients on long-term levothyroxine replacement for HT in relation to thyroid function tests and TPO (thyroid-peroxidase) antibody (TPOAb) status. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: One-hundred-and thirty patients with HT on long-term levothyroxine replacement and 111 euthyroid control subjects. Both groups were divided into two age subgroups, 20-49 years (N = 59 vs N = 79) and > 50 years (N = 71 vs N = 32). Evaluation included biochemical and neuropsychological tests, evaluating attention, global cognitive status, verbal and working memory, executive function, depression and anxiety, and quality of life. We used ANOVA and partial correlations to test for significant associations. RESULTS: FT4 (free-thyroxine), FT3 (free-triiodothyronine) levels and FT3/FT4 ratio were not different between patients and controls. Mean TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) was normal in all subjects but significantly higher in the patients (20-49 yrs:3.64 ± 2.74 vs 1.93 ± 1.10, >50 yrs:3.93 ± 2.84 vs 1.91 ± 0.90). Antibodies (TgAb,TPOAb) were higher in patients. Global cognitive function (MMSE-Mini mental state examination), conceptual tracking (TMT-Trail Making Test:A/B), verbal divergent thinking (like Phonemic fluency test), and anxiety and depression scores were significantly worse in patients vs controls. QoL was impaired in patients. there was a significant negative correlation between antibodies (TPOAb, TgAb) and quality in life (total SF36 score). CONCLUSION: Patients on long-term levothyroxine replacement show persistent impairments in both cognitive functioning and general well-being.

13.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 20(1): 21-28, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29952358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the prognostic impact of renal dysfunction (RD) at admission in patients with preserved, moderately impaired and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We included 2436 patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Patients presenting with cardiogenic shock and those on hemodyalisis were excluded. According to the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), patients were divided in three groups: preserved left ventricular systolic function - EF >50%, moderately impaired - EF=40%-50% and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function-EF <40%. RD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m2 at admission. The follow-up period was 6 years. RESULTS: Preserved, moderately impaired and severely impaired systolic function were found in 741 (30.5%), 1367 (56.1%) and 328 (13.4%) patients, respectively. RD was present in 105 (14.2%) patients with preserved systolic function, 247 (18.1%) patients with moderately impaired, and 120 (36.5%) patients with severely impaired systolic function.Regardless of the presence of RD, 6-year mortality rates in patients with preserved, moderately impaired, and severely impaired systolic function were 2.7%, 5.2% and 31.1% respectively. Within each LVEF group, patients with RD had a worse outcome, both in the short- and long-term. In the Mulivariate Cox Analysis, RD remained an independent predictor of 6-year mortality in patients with moderately (HR 2.52, 95% CI 1.54-3.78) and severely impaired systolic function (HR 2.84, 95% CI 1.68-5.34), but not in patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.14-1.41). CONCLUSION: Although patients with RD had higher 6-year mortallity following STEMI regardless of LVEF, RD at admission remained a strong independent predictor for 6-year mortality only in patients with moderately and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function.

15.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(1): 54-60, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29705375

RESUMO

Previous studies compared clinical outcomes of early versus delayed invasive strategy in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome up to 1-year follow-up, but long-term data remain scarce. Our aim was to evaluate the long-term effects of immediate invasive intervention in patients with Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI). The Randomized Study of Immediate Versus Delayed Invasive Intervention in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (RIDDLE-NSTEMI) was a randomized, investigator-initiated, parallel-group trial that assigned 323 patients with NSTEMI (1:1) to either immediate (median time to intervention 1.4 hours) or delayed invasive strategy (61.0 hours). The primary end point was the composite of death or new myocardial infarction (MI). At 3 years, immediate invasive intervention was associated with a lower rate of death or new MI, compared with a delayed invasive strategy (12.3% vs 22.5%, hazard ratio 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.29 to 0.87, p = 0.014). The observed benefit of immediate intervention was mainly driven by an increased early reinfarction risk in delayed strategy, with similar new MI rates beyond 30 days (4.4% in the immediate and 5.6% in the delayed group, p = 0.61). Three-year mortality was 9.3% in the immediate invasive strategy, and 10.0% in the delayed strategy (p = 0.83). High baseline Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events score (>140) was associated with a significant increase in long-term mortality, regardless of the timing of invasive intervention. In conclusion, whereas immediate invasive intervention significantly reduced the early risk of new MI, the timing of invasive intervention appears to have no significant impact on clinical outcomes beyond 30 days, which seem to mostly be related to the baseline clinical risk profile.

17.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 27(2): 185-191, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29521061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), some patients develop left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and acute heart failure (HF). Identifying patients with an increased risk of developing LVSD by means of biomarkers may help select patients requiring more aggressive therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the levels of oxidative stress markers and development of LVSD and acute HF early after STEMI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 148 patients with the first STEMI, who were treated by primary PCI < 12 h from the onset of symptoms. We assessed the impact of different biomarkers for developing LVSD and acute HF (Killip ≥ 2) including: markers of necrosis - peak creatine kinase (CK), markers of myocardial stretch - B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), inflammatory markers - C-reactive protein (CRP), leucocyte and neutrophil count, as well as oxidative stress markers - total thiol groups, catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR). RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, thiol groups, peak CK, anterior wall infarction, and age were predictors of LVEF ≤ 40%. Out of 16 variables significantly associated with the Killip ≥ 2 in univariate logistic regression analysis, 5 appeared to be independently associated with acute HF in multivariate analysis: catalase, BNP, leucocytes, neutrophil count, and size of left atrium. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we have shown for the first time that thiol groups and catalase are independent predictors of STEMI complication - LVSD and acute HF, respectively. Beside routine used biomarkers of necrosis and myocardial stretch, thiol groups and catalase may provide additional information regarding the risk stratification.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 249: 191-197, 2017 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28986061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In addition to thromboembolism, atrial fibrillation (AF) may also predispose to major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) attributable to coronary artery disease (CAD), including myocardial infarction (MI). The 2MACE score (2 points - Metabolic syndrome and Age≥75years, 1 point - MI/revascularization, Congestive heart failure/ejection-fraction <40%, and thrombo-Embolism) was recently proposed to help identify AF patients at risk of MACE. We assessed the predictive validity of the 2MACE score for MACE occurrence in AF patients free of CAD at baseline. METHODS: Non-valvular AF patients (n=794) without CAD (mean-age, 62.5±12.1years, metabolic syndrome, 34.0%; heart failure/ejection-fraction <40%, 25.7%; thromboembolism, 9.7%) were prospectively followed for 5years, or until MACE (composite of non-fatal/fatal MI, revascularization and cardiovascular death). At inclusion, CAD was excluded by medical history, exercise-stress testing and/or coronary angiography. Also, the 2MACE score was determined. RESULTS: At follow-up, 112 patients experienced MACE (2.8%/year). The 2MACE score demonstrated adequate discrimination (C-statistic, 0.699; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.648-0.750; P<0.001) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow P=0.79) for MACE. The score was significantly associated with MACE, with the adjusted Hazard Ratio (aHR) of 1.56 (95%CI, 1.35-1.73; P<0.001). As for individual outcomes, the score predicted MI (n=46; aHR, 1.49; 95%CI 1.23-1.80), revascularization (n=32; aHR, 1.41; 95%CI, 1.11-1.80) and cardiovascular death (n=34; aHR, 1.43; 95%CI, 1.14-1.81), all P<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The 2MACE score successfully predicts future MACE, including incident MI, coronary revascularization and cardiovascular death in AF patients free of CAD at baseline. It may have a role in risk-stratification and primary prevention of MACE in AF patients.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Morte , Eletrocardiografia/normas , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Eletrocardiografia/mortalidade , Eletrocardiografia/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Am J Med ; 130(12): 1464.e13-1464.e21, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28647407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid clinical decision-making on further management of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest may be challenging. Recently, a "futility" score (NULL-PLEASE) incorporating multiple adverse resuscitation features (Nonshockable rhythm, Unwitnessed arrest, Long no-flow or Long low-flow period, blood PH <7.2, Lactate >7.0 mmol/L, End-stage chronic kidney disease on dialysis, Age ≥85 years, Still resuscitation, and Extracardiac cause) has been proposed to help identify patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest unlikely to survive; however, external independent score validation is lacking. METHODS: We retrospectively validated the NULL-PLEASE predictive ability for early in-hospital outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a single-center cohort of 547 consecutive patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who were admitted from April 2013 to October 2016 (mean age, 66.3 ± 13.2 years); 227 patients (41.5%) died. Because pH and lactate were inconsistently measured, a modified NULL-PLEASE score excluding both variables was calculated as the principal analysis. A sensitivity analysis included the subgroup with pH data available (n = 177). RESULTS: Long low-flow period and age ≥85 years were independently associated with fatal outcome (both P < .001). Patients with a modified NULL-PLEASE score of ≥5 had a 3.3-fold greater risk of fatal outcome compared with a score of 0 to 4 (odds ratio, 3.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.29-4.89; P < .001); 77% of nonsurvivors had a score ≥5; NULL-PLEASE showed a modest predictive ability for fatal outcome (c-statistic 0.658; 95% CI, 0.613-0.704; P < .001). Sensitivity analysis yielded similar results, with 88% of nonsurvivors having a score ≥5. CONCLUSIONS: The NULL-PLEASE score was predictive for early in-hospital outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, with a 3.3-fold greater odds for fatal outcome at the score values of ≥5.


Assuntos
Futilidade Médica , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/complicações , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
20.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 43(1): 14-23, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27825182

RESUMO

Despite the application of new antiplatelet drugs (prasugrel and ticagrelor), dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin remains the standard for patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, especially in countries of low socioeconomic status. Regardless of the proven benefits, numerous studies have shown that certain groups of patients who receive standard doses of clopidogrel and aspirin do not respond adequately, and many of them also exhibit adverse cardiovascular events. Studies have shown that the risk of stent thrombosis and ischemic complications is higher in patients with: acute coronary syndrome, diabetes mellitus, thrombocytosis, reduced systolic function of the left ventricle with ejection fraction less than 30%, presence of multiple stents, longer and thinner stents, and renal failure. In these patients it is particularly important to assess the response to clopidogrel and selecting adequate antiplatelet therapy; this provides an impetus for platelet function tests. The second especially significant group to target for laboratory evaluation includes patients with increased risk of bleeding, such as elderly patients, patients with low body weight, anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal failure, past or current ventricular or duodenal ulcer, coagulopathy, or liver disease. The third important application of platelet function tests entails the preparation and evaluation of the time for surgical interventions or invasive diagnostic procedures in patients on antiplatelet therapy. These tests can also be helpful for monitoring the effects of therapy of bleeding due to platelet dysfunction. For high-risk patients the careful selection of optimal antiplatelet drug(s) on the basis of estimated individual risk of thrombosis and bleeding, pharmacodynamic characteristics of each drug, and patient̀s comorbidity remains essential.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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