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4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(1): 113-125, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822042

RESUMO

AIMS: Impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on non-thromboembolic outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF) is insufficiently explored. This prospective cohort study of AF patients aimed (i) to analyse the association between T2DM and heart failure (HF) events (including new-onset HF), and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, (ii) to assess the impact of baseline T2DM treatment on outcomes, and (iii) to explore characteristics of new-onset HF phenotypes in relation to T2DM status. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 1803 AF patients (515/1288, with/without prior HF), 389 (22%) had T2DM at baseline. After 5 years of median follow-up, T2DM patients had an 85% greater risk of HF events [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.85; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.51-2.28; P < 0.001], including a 45% increased risk for new-onset HF (1.45; 1.17-2.28; P = 0.015). T2DM conferred a 56% higher all-cause (1.56, 1.22-2.01; P = 0.003) and a 48% higher cardiovascular mortality (1.48; 1.34-1.93; P = 0.007). Fine-Gray analysis, with mortality as a competing risk, confirmed greater HF risk among T2DM patients. All risks were highest among insulin-treated patients. The prevalence of new-onset HF phenotypes was as follows: 67% preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), 20% mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) and 13% reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). On time-dependent Cox regression, adjusted for baseline characteristics and an interim acute coronary event, T2DM increased aHRs for new-onset HFpEF (2.38; 1.30-4.58; P <0.001) and the combined HFmrEF/HFrEF (1.77; 1.11-3.62; P = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Atrial fibrillation patients with T2DM have independently increased risk of new-onset/recurrent HF events, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, particularly when insulin-treated. The prevailing phenotype of new-onset HF was HFpEF; T2DM conferred higher risk of both HFpEF and HFmrEF/HFrEF.

5.
Heart Fail Rev ; 25(1): 85-91, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197562

RESUMO

Right ventricular function has long been neglected by heart failure specialists. We have now learnt that it is strongly associated with morbidity and mortality in all patients with heart failure, regardless of the degree of left ventricular dysfunction. Importantly, right ventricular function is tightly linked with pulmonary hypertension, and only a thorough understanding of how the right ventricle couples with the pulmonary circulation can provide an improved knowledge of the pathophysiology and possibly a more efficient treatment and a better prognosis in patients with heart failure.

6.
Coron Artery Dis ; 31(2): 166-173, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577622

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are no data about the prevalence of silent coronary artery disease in asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis patients with normal exercise testing. Importantly, unmasking significant coronary artery disease in patients with aortic stenosis could influence the choice/timing of treatment in these patients. METHOD: Exercise testing was performed on semi-supine ergobicycle. Cardiopulmonary analysis during exercise testing, echocardiography, and laboratory analysis at rest was done. Standard clinical/electrocardiography criteria were assessed for symptoms/signs of ischemia during/after exercise testing. In patients with normal exercise testing coronary angiography was performed using standard femoral/radial percutaneous approach. Coronary stenosis was considered significant if >70% of vessel diameter or 50%-70% with fractional flow reserve ≤0.8. RESULTS: Total of 96 patients with normal exercise testing were included (67.6 years, 50.6% males). No patient had any complication or adverse event. The Pmean was 52.7 mmHg, mean indexed aortic valve area was 0.36 cm/m and left ventricular ejection fraction, 69.5%. 19/96 patients (19.8%) had significant coronary artery disease on coronary angiography. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed brain natriuretic peptide and blood glucose as independent predictors of silent coronary artery disease. Brain natriuretic peptide value of 118 pg/ml had sensitivity/specificity of 63%/73% for predicting coronary artery disease (area under the curve 0.727, P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Our results are the first to show that in patients with severe aortic stenosis, normal left ventricular ejection fraction,, and normal exercise testing, significant coronary artery disease is present in as many as 1/5 patients. In such patients, further prospective studies are warranted to address the diagnostic value of brain natriuretic peptide in detecting silent coronary artery disease.

7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(1): 92-102, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863522

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to assess age- and sex-related differences in management and 1-year risk for all-cause mortality and hospitalization in chronic heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 16 354 patients included in the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term Registry, 9428 chronic HF patients were analysed [median age: 66 years; 28.5% women; mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 37%]. Rates of use of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) were high (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists: 85.7%, 88.7% and 58.8%, respectively). Crude GDMT utilization rates were lower in women than in men (all differences: P ≤ 0.001), and GDMT use became lower with ageing in both sexes, at baseline and at 1-year follow-up. Sex was not an independent predictor of GDMT prescription; however, age >75 years was a significant predictor of GDMT underutilization. Rates of all-cause mortality were lower in women than in men (7.1% vs. 8.7%; P = 0.015), as were rates of all-cause hospitalization (21.9% vs. 27.3%; P < 0.001) and there were no differences in causes of death. All-cause mortality and all-cause hospitalization increased with greater age in both sexes. Sex was not an independent predictor of 1-year all-cause mortality (restricted to patients with LVEF ≤45%). Mortality risk was significantly lower in patients of younger age, compared to patients aged >75 years. CONCLUSIONS: There was a decline in GDMT use with advanced age in both sexes. Sex was not an independent predictor of GDMT or adverse outcomes. However, age >75 years independently predicted lower GDMT use and higher all-cause mortality in patients with LVEF ≤45%.

8.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2019: 2679791, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772519

RESUMO

Background/Aim: The RISK-PCI is a simple score for the prediction of 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and mortality in patients treated with primary PCI (pPCI). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prognostic performance of the RISK-PCI score in predicting MACE and mortality in the long-term follow-up of STEMI patients treated with pPCI. Method: The present study enrolled 2,096 STEMI patients treated with pPCI included in the RISK-PCI trial. Patients presenting with cardiogenic shock were excluded. The composite end-point MACE comprising cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal reinfarction and stroke. Patients were followed up at 6 years after enrollment. Results: One-year and 6-year MACE occurred in 229 (10.9%) and 285 (13.6%) patients, respectively; and 1-year and 6-year mortality occurred in 128 (6.2%) and 151 (7.2%) patients, respectively. The RISK-PCI score was an independent predictor for 1-year MACE (HR 1.24, 95% CI 1, 18-1.31, p < 0.001), 6-year MACE (HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.16-1.28, p < 0.001), 1-year mortality (HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.13-1.29, p < 0.001), and 6-year mortality (HR 1.23, 95% CI 1.15-1.31, p < 0.001). The discrimination of the RISK-PCI score to predict 1-year and 6-year MACE and mortality was good: for 1-year MACE c-statistic 0.78, for 6-year MACE c-statistic 0.75, for 1-year mortality c-statistic 0.87, and for 6-year mortality c-statistic 0.83. The nonsignificant Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit estimates for 1-year MACE (p=0.619), 6-year MACE (p=0.319), 1-year mortality (p=0.258), and 6-year mortality (p=0.540) indicated a good calibration of the model. Conclusion: The RISK-PCI score demonstrates good characteristics in the assessment of the risk for the occurrence of MACE and mortality during long-term follow-up after pPCI.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Medição de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 68, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia has detrimental effect on ischemic myocardium, but the impact of acute hyperglycemia on the myocardium in asymptomatic diabetic patients has not been fully elucidated. Thus, this follow-up study was aimed to investigate the effects and reversibility of acute hyperglycemia on regional contractile function of left ventricle (LV) in diabetic patients without cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE), including multilayer strain analysis, was used for evaluation of global and regional LV function in asymptomatic, normotensive patients with uncomplicated diabetes, with acute hyperglycemia ( ≥ 11.1 mmol/l) (Group A, n = 67), or with optimal metabolic control (fasting plasma glucose < 7 mmol/l and HbA1c < 7%) (Group B, n = 20), while 20 healthy individuals served as controls (Group C). In group A, after 72 h of i.v. continuous insulin treatment (at the time euglycemia was achieved) (second examination) and after 3 months following acute hyperglycemia (third examination) 2D-STE was repeated. RESULTS: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) (- 19.6 ± 0.4%) in Group A was significantly lower in comparison to both groups B (- 21.3 ± 0.4%; p < 0.05) and C (- 21.9 ± 0.4%; p < 0.01) at baseline, while we could not detect the differences between groups B and C. Peak systolic longitudinal endocardial (Endo), mid-myocardial (Mid) and epicardial (Epi) layer strain were significantly lower in group A at baseline compared to both groups B and C. Deterioration in peak systolic circumferential strain was observed at basal LV level, in all three layers (Endo, Mid and Epi) and in mid-cavity LV level in Epi layer in group A in comparison to group C. Moreover, in group A, after euglycemia was achieved (at second and third examination) GLS, as well as peak longitudinal and circumferential strain remain the same. CONCLUSION: Acute hyperglycemia in asymptomatic diabetic patients has significant negative effects on systolic LV myocardial mechanics primarily by reducing GLS and multilayer peak systolic longitudinal and circumferential strain which was not reversible after three months of good glycemic control.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Contração Miocárdica , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
11.
Heart ; 105(20): 1568-1574, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The influence of the bleeding site on long-term survival after the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood. This study sought to investigate the relationship between in-hospital access site versus non-access site bleeding and very late mortality in unselected patients treated with primary PCI. METHODS: Data of the 2715 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary PCI, enrolled in a prospective registry of a high volume tertiary centre, were analysed. Bleeding events were assessed according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) criteria. The primary outcome was 4-year mortality. RESULTS: The BARC type ≥2 bleeding occurred in 171 patients (6.3%). Access site bleeding occurred in 3.8%, and non-access site bleeding in 2.5% of patients. Four-year mortality was significantly higher for patients with bleeding (BARC type ≥2) than in patients without bleeding (BARC type 0+1), (36.3% vs 16.2%, p<0.001). Patients with non-access site bleeding had higher 4 year mortality (50.7% vs 26.5%, p=0.001). After multivariable adjustment, BARC type ≥2 bleeding was the independent predictor of 4 year mortality (HR 2.01; 95% CI 1.49 to 2.71, p<0.001). Patients with a non-access site bleeding were at 2-fold higher risk of very late mortality than patients with an access site bleeding (HR 2.62; 1.78 to 3.86, p<0.001 vs HR 1.57; 1.03 to 2.38, p=0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Both access and non-access site BARC type ≥2 bleeding is independently associated with a high risk of 4-year mortality after primary PCI. Patients with non-access site bleeding were at higher risk of late mortality than patients with access site bleeding.

12.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(5): 553-576, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989768

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of heart muscle diseases and an important cause of heart failure (HF). Current knowledge on incidence, pathophysiology and natural history of HF in cardiomyopathies is limited, and distinct features of their therapeutic responses have not been systematically addressed. Therefore, this position paper focuses on epidemiology, pathophysiology, natural history and latest developments in treatment of HF in patients with dilated (DCM), hypertrophic (HCM) and restrictive (RCM) cardiomyopathies. In DCM, HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has high incidence and prevalence and represents the most frequent cause of death, despite improvements in treatment. In addition, advanced HF in DCM is one of the leading indications for heart transplantation. In HCM, HF with preserved ejection (HFpEF) affects most patients with obstructive, and ∼10% of patients with non-obstructive HCM. A timely treatment is important, since development of advanced HF, although rare in HCM, portends a poor prognosis. In RCM, HFpEF is common, while HFrEF occurs later and more frequently in amyloidosis or iron overload/haemochromatosis. Irrespective of RCM aetiology, HF is a harbinger of a poor outcome. Recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the development of HF in cardiomyopathies have significant implications for therapeutic decision-making. In addition, new aetiology-specific treatment options (e.g. enzyme replacement therapy, transthyretin stabilizers, immunoadsorption, immunotherapy, etc.) have shown a potential to improve outcomes. Still, causative therapies of many cardiomyopathies are lacking, highlighting the need for the development of effective strategies to prevent and treat HF in cardiomyopathies.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(4): e011190, 2019 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30764687

RESUMO

Background We hypothesized that female sex is a treatment effect modifier of blood flow and related 30-day mortality after primary percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) for ST -segment-elevation myocardial infarction and that the magnitude of the effect on outcomes differs depending on delay to hospital presentation. Methods and Results We identified 2596 patients enrolled in the ISACS - TC (International Survey of Acute Coronary Syndromes in Transitional Countries) registry from 2010 to 2016. Primary outcome was the occurrence of 30-day mortality. Key secondary outcome was the rate of suboptimal post- PCI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction ( TIMI ; flow grade 0-2). Multivariate logistic regression and inverse probability of treatment weighted models were adjusted for baseline clinical covariates. We characterized patient outcomes associated with a delay from symptom onset to hospital presentation of ≤120 minutes. In multivariable regression models, female sex was associated with postprocedural TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (odds ratio [ OR ], 1.68; 95% CI , 1.15-2.44) and higher mortality ( OR, 1.72; 95% CI , 1.02-2.90). Using inverse probability of treatment weighting, 30-day mortality was higher in women compared with men (4.8% versus 2.5%; OR , 2.00; 95% CI , 1.27-3.15). Likewise, we found a significant sex difference in post- PCI TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (8.8% versus 5.0%; OR , 1.83; 95% CI , 1.31-2.56). The sex gap in mortality was no longer significant for patients having hospital presentation of ≤120 minutes ( OR , 1.28; 95% CI , 0.35-4.69). Sex difference in post- PCI TIMI flow grade was consistent regardless of time to hospital presentation. Conclusions Delay to hospital presentation and suboptimal post- PCI TIMI flow grade are variables independently associated with excess mortality in women, suggesting complementary mechanisms of reduced survival. Clinical Trial Registration URL : http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT 01218776.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
14.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 26(1): 72-82, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed the prevalence of newly diagnosed prediabetes and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and their impact on long-term mortality in patients hospitalized for worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS: We included patients hospitalized with HFrEF and New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II-III. Baseline two-hour oral glucose tolerance test was used to classify patients as normoglycaemic or having newly diagnosed prediabetes or T2DM. Outcomes included post-discharge all-cause and cardiovascular mortality during the median follow-up of 2.1 years. RESULTS: At baseline, out of 150 patients (mean-age 57 ± 12 years; 88% male), prediabetes was diagnosed in 65 (43%) patients, and T2DM in 29 (19%) patients. These patients were older and more often with NYHA class III symptoms, but distribution of comorbidities was similar to normoglycaemic patients. Taking normoglycaemic patients as a reference, adjusted risk of all-cause mortality was significantly increased both in patients with prediabetes (hazard ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-6.3; p = 0.040) and in patients with T2DM (hazard ratio, 5.3; 95% CI, 1.7-15.3; p = 0.023). Likewise, both prediabetes (hazard ratio, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.1-7.9; p = 0.041) and T2DM (hazard ratio, 9.7; 95% CI 2.9-36.7; p = 0.018) independently increased the risk of cardiovascular mortality compared with normoglycaemic individuals. There was no interaction between either prediabetes or T2DM and heart failure aetiology or gender on study outcomes (all interaction p-values > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Newly diagnosed prediabetes and T2DM are highly prevalent in patients hospitalized for worsening HFrEF and NYHA functional class II-III. Importantly, they impose independently increased long-term risk of higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.

16.
Eur Heart J ; 39(45): 4030-4039, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30101326

RESUMO

Aims: Evidence suggests an excess risk of non-thromboembolic major adverse cardiac events (MACE) associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly in individuals free of overt coronary artery disease (CAD). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases cardiovascular risk in the general population, but less is known how it influences outcomes in AF patients. We aimed to assess whether MetS affects the risk of MACE in AF patients without overt CAD. Methods and results: This prospective, observational study enrolled 843 AF patients (mean-age, 62.5 ± 12.1 years, 38.6% female) without overt CAD. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program. The 5-year composite MACE included myocardial infarction (MI), coronary revascularization, and cardiac death. Metabolic syndrome was present in 302 (35.8%) patients. At 5-year follow-up, 118 (14.0%) patients experienced MACE (2.80%/year). Metabolic syndrome conferred a multivariable adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of 1.98 for MACE [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.23-3.16; P = 0.004], and for individual outcomes: MI (aHR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.69-5.11; P < 0.001), revascularization (aHR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.40-3.87; P = 0.001), and cardiac death (aHR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.25-5.33; P = 0.011). Following the propensity score (PS)-adjustment for MetS, the association between MetS and MACE (PS-aHR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.21-3.01; P = 0.012), MI (PS-aHR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.54-5.00; P = 0.008), revascularization (PS-aHR, 2.18; 95% CI, 1.69-3.11; P = 0.015), and cardiac death (PS-aHR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.14-5.11; P = 0.023) remained significant. Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is common in AF patients without overt CAD, and confers an independent, increased risk of MACE, including MI, coronary revascularization, and cardiac death. Given its prognostic implications, prevention and treatment of MetS may reduce the burden of non-thromboembolic complications in AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Síndrome Metabólica , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Curr Pharm Des ; 24(25): 2960-2966, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) is defined as the preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with the signs of heart failure, elevated natriuretic peptides, and either the evidence of the structural heart disease or diastolic dysfunction. The importance of this form of heart failure was increased after studies where the mortality rates and readmission to the hospital were founded similar as in patients with HF and reduced EF (HFrEF). Coronary microvascular ischemia, cardiomyocyte injury and stiffness could be important factors in the pathophysiology of HFpEF. METHODS: The goal of this work is to analyse the relationship of HFpEF and coronary microcirculation in previous studies. RESULTS: The useful diagnostic marker of coronary microcirculation in HFpEF may be the parameters measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), the coronary flow reserve (CFR), as well as fractional flow reserve (FFR) and quantitative myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging represents the diagnostic gold standard in HFpEF. Coronary microvascular dysfunction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) is poorly understood and may be more prevalent amongst women than men. Troponin level may be important in risk stratification of HEpEF patients. CONCLUSION: There are no precise answers with respect to the pathophysiological mechanism, nor are there any precise practical clinical assessment of and diagnostic method for coronary microvascular dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction. In accordance with that, there is no well-established treatment for HFpEF.


Assuntos
Circulação Coronária , Ecocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos
19.
Endocrine ; 62(1): 136-143, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29959689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intrinsic imperfections of thyroid hormone replacement therapy may affect long-term general well-being. In patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT), cognitive functioning may be affected via altered thyroid hormones action as well as by the autoimmune process. The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) in patients on long-term levothyroxine replacement for HT in relation to thyroid function tests and TPO (thyroid-peroxidase) antibody (TPOAb) status. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: One-hundred-and thirty patients with HT on long-term levothyroxine replacement and 111 euthyroid control subjects. Both groups were divided into two age subgroups, 20-49 years (N = 59 vs N = 79) and > 50 years (N = 71 vs N = 32). Evaluation included biochemical and neuropsychological tests, evaluating attention, global cognitive status, verbal and working memory, executive function, depression and anxiety, and quality of life. We used ANOVA and partial correlations to test for significant associations. RESULTS: FT4 (free-thyroxine), FT3 (free-triiodothyronine) levels and FT3/FT4 ratio were not different between patients and controls. Mean TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) was normal in all subjects but significantly higher in the patients (20-49 yrs:3.64 ± 2.74 vs 1.93 ± 1.10, >50 yrs:3.93 ± 2.84 vs 1.91 ± 0.90). Antibodies (TgAb,TPOAb) were higher in patients. Global cognitive function (MMSE-Mini mental state examination), conceptual tracking (TMT-Trail Making Test:A/B), verbal divergent thinking (like Phonemic fluency test), and anxiety and depression scores were significantly worse in patients vs controls. QoL was impaired in patients. there was a significant negative correlation between antibodies (TPOAb, TgAb) and quality in life (total SF36 score). CONCLUSION: Patients on long-term levothyroxine replacement show persistent impairments in both cognitive functioning and general well-being.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Doença de Hashimoto/psicologia , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Atenção/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Feminino , Doença de Hashimoto/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 20(1): 21-28, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29952358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the prognostic impact of renal dysfunction (RD) at admission in patients with preserved, moderately impaired and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We included 2436 patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Patients presenting with cardiogenic shock and those on hemodyalisis were excluded. According to the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), patients were divided in three groups: preserved left ventricular systolic function - EF >50%, moderately impaired - EF=40%-50% and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function-EF <40%. RD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m2 at admission. The follow-up period was 6 years. RESULTS: Preserved, moderately impaired and severely impaired systolic function were found in 741 (30.5%), 1367 (56.1%) and 328 (13.4%) patients, respectively. RD was present in 105 (14.2%) patients with preserved systolic function, 247 (18.1%) patients with moderately impaired, and 120 (36.5%) patients with severely impaired systolic function.Regardless of the presence of RD, 6-year mortality rates in patients with preserved, moderately impaired, and severely impaired systolic function were 2.7%, 5.2% and 31.1% respectively. Within each LVEF group, patients with RD had a worse outcome, both in the short- and long-term. In the Mulivariate Cox Analysis, RD remained an independent predictor of 6-year mortality in patients with moderately (HR 2.52, 95% CI 1.54-3.78) and severely impaired systolic function (HR 2.84, 95% CI 1.68-5.34), but not in patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.14-1.41). CONCLUSION: Although patients with RD had higher 6-year mortallity following STEMI regardless of LVEF, RD at admission remained a strong independent predictor for 6-year mortality only in patients with moderately and severely impaired left ventricular systolic function.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Turquia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações
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