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1.
Anthropol Med ; 28(2): 255-275, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355977

RESUMO

This paper seizes Ivan Illich's recurring notion of corruption to reflect on medicine's immanent spiral of maleficence. For Illich, the institutionalization of any 'good' necessarily corrupts it, and the institutionalization of health and care under the tutoring hand of medicine has produced counterproductive consequences on every plane. The paper explores the nemetic character of contemporary biomedicine - whose growth in technique has meant a corresponding growth in its capacity for corruption and harm - in an autoethnographic project that apprises and names the escalation from iatrogenic harm to iatrogenic violence that the author discovered at two UK hospitals in 2014. In January, she went to the hospital for a colonoscopy; in November, she finally left, disabled and unmade. In the interim, she suffered infection, sepsis, pneumonia, cardiac arrest, and - worst of all - a factitious psychiatrizing diagnosis embedded in spiralling loops of iatrogenic harm. By reflecting critically on this experience, interlocuting personal memory and writings with doctors' inscribed notes and insights from medical anthropology, the paper elucidates an iatrogenic spiral, showing how unknowable bodies pose an insurmountable epistemic and existential challenge to medicine's technic mandate, how medicine locates and uses an 'epistemic escape valve' in the face of such challenges, and how snowballing nosocomial harm escalates into brutality and vice. The argument, in short, is that iatrogenic violence (destructive, subjective or agentic, and intentional) is the natural endpoint of iatrogenic harm (destructive but objective or systemic, and unintentional).


Assuntos
Antropologia Médica , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde/etnologia , Atenção à Saúde/etnologia , Ética Médica , Doença Iatrogênica , Colonoscopia , Infecção Hospitalar , Feminino , Humanos , Institucionalização , Violência
2.
Public Health Nutr ; 16(6): 1020-7, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23046540

RESUMO

Public health nutrition sits at the nexus of a global crisis in food, environmental and health systems that has generated - along with numerous other problems - an urgent and changing problem of food insecurity. The 'new' food insecurity, however, is different from the old: it is bimodal, encompassing issues of both under- and over-consumption, hunger and obesity, quantity and quality; it has assumed a decidedly urban dimension; and it implicates rich and poor countries alike. The complexity of the expressions of this challenge requires new approaches to public health nutrition and food policy that privilege systemic, structural and environmental factors over individual and mechanistic ones. In this context, the current paper argues that school food systems rise with buoyant potential as promising intervention sites: they are poised to address both modes of the food security crisis; integrate systemic, structural and environmental with behavioural approaches; and comprise far-reaching, system-wide efforts that influence the wider functioning of the food system. Based on a discussion of Bogotá and other pioneering policies that explicitly aim to create a broader food system with long-term foundations for good public health and food security, the paper suggests a new research and action agenda that gives special attention to school food in urban contexts.


Assuntos
Dieta , Serviços de Alimentação , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Promoção da Saúde , Política Nutricional , Saúde Pública , Instituições Acadêmicas , Criança , Colômbia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Fome , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Pesquisa , População Urbana
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