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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127215, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844348

RESUMO

The increasing awareness of waste circular economy has motivated valorization strategies for minimizing resource consumption and waste production in the private sector. With the rise of various industrial wastes and with the emergence of COVID-19 wastes, a sustainable approach is needed to mitigate the growing concern about wastes. Thermochemical treatment technologies in the form of direct combustion, torrefaction, pyrolysis, and gasification have been identified to have vital roles in the value-creation of various waste streams. Moreover, the alignment of thermochemical processes for waste mitigation concerning the circular economy framework needs to be established. Accordingly, a comprehensive review of the different thermochemical treatment options for industrial and the novel COVID-19 medical wastes streams is conducted in this study. This review focuses on highlighting the instrumental role of thermochemical conversion platforms in achieving a circular economy in the industrial sector. Various strategies in waste mitigation through various thermochemical processes such as management, recovery, reduction, and treatment are discussed. The results show that thermochemical technologies are beneficial in addressing the sustainability concerns on mitigating wastes from the industrial sector and wastes brought by the COVID-19 pandemic. This also includes the current issues faced as well as future perspectives of the thermochemical conversion technologies.

2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131914, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418664

RESUMO

Reactive dyes are extensively used in a plethora of industries, which in turn release toxic wastes into the environment. The textile dye waste remediation is crucial as it may contain several toxic elements. The utilization of bacterial consortium for bioremediation has acquired consideration, over the utilization of single strains. In this study, a microbial consortium containing three bacterial sp. (Bacillus subtilis, Brevibacillus borstelensis and Bacillus firmus) was tested for its degrading ability of the textile RR 170 dye. The bacterial consortium degraded the dye effectively at lower concentrations and the efficiency decreased as the dye concentration increased. SEM analysis revealed that, with dye treatment, the consortium appeared as tightly packed clumps with rough cell surface and were able to produce EPS and biofilms. EPS production was higher at 40 mg/l, 100 mg/l and 200 mg/l of the dye treatment conditions. Interestingly, the maximum biofilm formation was observed only at 40 µg/ml of the dye treatment, which indicates that RR 170 dye concentration affects the biofilm formation independent of EPS levels. The UV-vis spectroscopy, HPLC, FTIR and 2D-FTIR analyses confirmed the decolorization and biodegradation of RR 170 dye by the bacterial consortium. Toxicological studies performed with the dye and their degraded products in Allium cepa root cells revealed that, whereas the RR 170 dye induced genotoxic stress, the degraded dye products showed no significant genotoxic effects in root cells. Together, the investigated bacterial consortium decolorized and degraded the RR 170 dye resulting in metabolites that are non-toxic to the living cells.


Assuntos
Brevibacillus , Corantes , Compostos Azo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biofilmes , Indústria Têxtil , Águas Residuárias
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126734, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365234

RESUMO

Industrial and textile dyes are the major source of water pollutants in the Coimbatore Districts of Tamil Nadu, India. The highly stable organic dyes from these industries are being discharged untreated into neighboring rivers, lakes, and ponds. Thus, the present study mainly focused on the preparation of bimetallic nanocomposite (Ag-Sn) through Free-facile Teflon autoclave methodology and their subsequent stimulation has given to the photocatalyst by visible light irradiation. This visible light stimulates and irradiates the photocatalysts from steady state to the excited state and might help in absorption of the nanosized dye materials and organic matter. The nanocomposite was characterized using UV, FTIR, Zeta-sizer, XRD and FE-SEM. These parameters exhibited significant lattice structures with an average size of 127.6 nm. Further the nanocomposite treated samples were tested for water quality parameters like TDS, BOD, COD, heavy metals, sedimentation rate and bacterial population. Likewise, the samples irradiated with visible light for photocatalytic activity exhibited a significant intensity of C/C0 at 0.42 and 0.28. The treated water used for green gram seedling assay exhibited significant growth. Scavengers from Ag-Sn bimetallic nanocomposite plays the major role in dye degradation. The results clearly suggest that Ag-Sn bimetallic nanocomposite can be used for wastewater treatment and the subsequent treated water can be utilized for agriculture purposes.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Águas Residuárias , Catálise , Índia , Luz
5.
Chemosphere ; : 133091, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848223

RESUMO

Glycerol is a byproduct from biodiesel production via conventional transesterification processes, representing approximately 10 wt.% of the mass of biodiesel produced. Because of increasing biodiesel consumption, the volume of glycerol being produced has grown significantly, leading to a large surplus and, consequently, a dramatic drop in its market value. Thus, the valorization of glycerol into chemicals is a promising pathway toward sustainability in biodiesel industries. This study focused on upgrading biodiesel plant-derived glycerol into short-chain polyglycerols (PG), which are used as intermediates for producing emulsifiers in several consumer products, via catalytic etherification. To enhance environmental sustainability, solvent-free etherification of glycerol was performed over mixed oxides derived from magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxides (MgAl LDH). For the first time, natural dolomite, a mixed calcium and magnesium carbonate (CaMg[CO3]2), was used as an Mg source in the preparation of MgAl LDH/CaCO3 nanocomposites via hydrothermal synthesis. The calcined MgAl LDH/CaCO3 nanocomposites were characterized by highly dispersed small crystallites of magnesium oxide. Their textural and acid-base properties were tuned by varying the Mg:Al molar ratio. The MgAl LDH/CaCO3 (an Mg:Al molar ratio of 1:1) calcined at 500 °C exhibited a superior catalytic performance to the MgAl LDH available commercially and the one synthesized by conventional co-precipitation. The nanocomposite catalyst displayed selectivity of >99% toward short-chain PG at 52.1 mol% glycerol conversion.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776598

RESUMO

Usage of plastics in the form of personal protective equipment, medical devices, and common packages has increased alarmingly during these pandemic times. Though they have served as an excellent protection source in minimizing the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spreading, they have still emerged as major environmental pollutants nowadays. These non-degradable COVID-19 plastic wastes (CPW) were treated through incineration and landfilling process, which may lead to either the release of harmful gases or contaminating the surrounding environment. Further, they can cause numerous health hazards to the human and animal populations. These plastic wastes can be efficiently managed through thermochemical processes like pyrolysis or gasification, which assist in degrading the plastic waste and also effectively convert them into useful energy-yielding products. The pyrolysis process promotes the formation of liquid fuels and chemicals, whereas gasification leads to syngas and hydrogen fuel production. These energy-yielding products can help to compensate for the fossil fuels depletion in the near future. There are many insights explained in terms of the types of reactors and influential factors that can be adopted for the pyrolysis and gasification process, to produce high efficient energy products from the wastes. In addition, advanced technologies including co-gasification and two-stage gasification were also reviewed.

7.
Environ Res ; : 112278, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757031

RESUMO

Recently, the phyco-synthesis of nanoparticles has been applied as a reliable approach to modern research field, and it has yielded a wide spectrum of diverse uses in fields such as biological science and environmental science. This study used marine natural resource seaweed Sargassum myriocystum due to their unique phytochemicals and their significant attributes in giving effective response on various biomedical applications. The response is created by their stress-tolerant environmental adaptations. This inspired us to make an attempt using the above-mentioned charactersitics. Therfore, the current study performed phycosynthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) utilising aqueous extracts of S. myriocystum. The TiO2-NPs formation was confirmed in earlier UV-visible spectroscopy analysis. The crystalline structure, functional groups (phycomolecules), particle morphology (cubic, square, and spherical), size (∼50-90 nm), and surface charge (negative) of the TiO2-NPs were analysed and confirmed by various characterisation analyses. In addition, the seaweed-mediated TiO2-NPs was investigated, which showed potential impacts on antibacterial activity and anti-biofilm actions against pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae). Additionally, some evaluations were performed on larvicidal activities of TiO2-NPs in oppose to Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitos and the environmental effects of photocatalytic activities against methylene blue and crystal violet under sunlight irradiation. The highest percent of methylene blue degradation was observed at 92.92% within 45 min. Overall, our findings suggested that S. myriocystum mediates TiO2-NPs to be a potent disruptive material for bacterial pathogens and mosquito larvae and also to enhance the photocatalytic dye degradation.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126195, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710596

RESUMO

Lignocellulosic biomass is a highly renewable, economical, and carbon-neutral feedstock containing sugar-rich moieties that can be processed to produce second-generation biofuels and bio-sourced compounds. However, due to their heterogeneous multi-scale structure, the lignocellulosic materials have major limitations to valorization and exhibit recalcitrance to saccharification or hydrolysis by enzymes. In this context, this review focuses on the latest methods available and state-of-the-art technologies in the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass, which aids the disintegration of the complex materials into monomeric units. In addition, this review deals with the genetic engineering techniques to develop advanced strategies for fermentation processes or microbial cell factories to generate desired products in native or modified hosts. Further, it also intends to bridge the gap in developing various economically feasible lignocellulosic products and chemicals using biorefining technologies.

9.
J Environ Manage ; 298: 113450, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388542

RESUMO

The study deals with the pyrolysis of sewage sludge to produce eco-friendly and sustainable fuels along with value-added biochar products. The experiments were conducted in a fixed-bed cylindrical glass reactor in the temperature range of 250-700 °C and achieved the product yield of 22.4 wt% bio-oil, 18.9 wt % pyrolysis gases, and 58.7 wt% biochar at 500 °C optimum temperature. The chemical composition of bio-oil was investigated by gas chromatograph-mass spectroscopy and fourier transformation infrared techniques. The ASTM standard procedures were used to assess the fuel qualities of bio-oil, and they were found to be satisfactory. Bio-oil has a greater H/C ratio (3.49) and a lower O/C ratio (1.10), indicating that it is suitable for engine use. The gas chromatographic analysis of pyrolysis gases confirmed the presence of 41.16 wt % combustible gases, making it suitable for use in spark-ignition engines. X-ray fluorescence analysis of biochar showed that it had a good amount of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium along with some micro-and macro-nutrient which proves its potential to utilize as organic manure in the agriculture sector. In addition, the data obtained from the TGA analysis during the pyrolysis of sewage sludge was applied to calculate kinetic parameters via the Coats-Redfern method.


Assuntos
Pirólise , Esgotos , Biocombustíveis/análise , Carvão Vegetal
11.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130961, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162115

RESUMO

Wastewater is always composed of different pollutants, most of which are toxic to the living being. It is very tough to separate all those diverse groups of contaminants using a single process or single material. Rather a sustainable and environment friendly processes should be adapted to restrict the secondary pollution generation. Nanoclay and its nanocomposites are one of the most used adsorbents that have been modified and used for the separation of almost all types of pollutants, including dyes, heavy metals, fluoride, nitrate, ammonia, emerging pollutants and bacteria. They are relatively inexpensive, easy to exploit and relatively maintenance-free. Thus, recent research bloomed for developing suitable adsorbents, including clay nanocomposites. The advantages and drawbacks of all the clay nanocomposites-based processes have been discussed critically in this article. Nano-clays or other nanoparticles incorporated synthetic and natural polymers-based clay nanocomposites were synthesized, and it was found that they can remove dyes in the range between 48 mg/g and 1994 mg/g. Similarly, they separate a diverse group of heavy metal ions, including As, Cu, Co, Pd, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cd, and Hg, in the range of 0.073-1667 mg/g. The clay nanocomposites also showed fluoride removal efficacy in the range of 0.134-23 mg/g. They are also useful for the separation of emerging pollutants like pesticides, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, trace elements, and particulate matters in the range of 0.1-651 mg/g the clay nanocomposites showed considerable nitrate, ammonia and bacteria removal efficacy too. Though it seems promising, more investigations with real wastewater and pilot-scale studies are recommended to explore large-scale wastewater treatment capabilities.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Metais Pesados , Nanocompostos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Mol Biotechnol ; 63(10): 898-908, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159564

RESUMO

New pandemic infection of coronaviridae family virus spread to more than 210 countries with total infection of 1,136,851 and 62,955 (4.6%) deaths until 5th April 2020. Which stopped the regular cycle of humankind but the nature is consistently running. There is no micro molecule remedy found yet to restore the regular life of people. Hence, we decided to work on natural biophores against the COVID proteins. As a first step, major phytoconstituents of antiviral herbs like Leucas aspera, Morinda citrifolia, Azadirachta indica, Curcuma longa, Piper nigrum, Ocimum tenuiflorum, and Corallium rubrum collected and performed the lock and key analysis with major spike protein of COVID-19 to find the best fitting lead biophore using computational drug design platform. The results of protocol run showed, phytoconstituents of Morinda citrifolia and Leucas aspera were found lower binding energy range of - 55.18 to - 25.34 kcal/mol, respectively and compared with Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) (- 24.29 kcal/mol) and Remdesivir (- 25.38 kcal/mol). The results conclude that, core skeletons chromen, anthracene 9, 11 dione and long-chain alkyl acids/ester-containing biophores showen high stable antagonistic affinity with S-protein. Which leads the breakdown of spike protein and ACE2 receptor complex formation and host mechanism of corono virus. In addition, the dynamic trajectory analysis confirmed the complete denaturation of spike protein by the molecule 4-(24-hydroxy-1-oxo-5-n-propyltetracosanyl)-phenol from Leucas aspera and stability of spike-ligand complex. These biophores will aid the researcher to fabricate new promising analogue and being recommended to assess its COVID-19 treatment.


Assuntos
Antivirais/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/virologia , Domínio Catalítico , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Plantas Medicinais/química , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores
13.
Chemosphere ; 275: 130092, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984908

RESUMO

COVID-19 has led to the enormous rise of medical wastes throughout the world, and these have mainly been generated from hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare establishments. This creates an additional challenge in medical waste management, particularly in developing countries. Improper managing of medical waste may have serious public health issues and a significant impact on the environment. There are currently three disinfection technologies, namely incineration, chemical and physical processes, that are available to treat COVID-19 medical waste (CMW). This study focuses on thermochemical process, particularly pyrolysis process to treat the medical waste. Pyrolysis is a process that utilizes the thermal instability of organic components in medical waste to convert them into valuable products. Besides, the technique is environmentally friendly, more efficient and cost-effective, requires less landfill capacity, and causes lower pollution. The current pandemic situation generates a large amount of plastic medical wastes, which mainly consists of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyethylene terephthalate, and nylon. These plastic wastes can be converted into valuable energy products like oil, gas and char through pyrolysis process. This review provides detailed information about CMW handling, treatment, valuable product generation, and proper discharge into the open environment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Incineração , Pirólise , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Environ Res ; 197: 111096, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794172

RESUMO

This study is motivated by the amplified transmission rates of the SAR-CoV-2 virus in areas with high concentrations of fine particulates (PM2.5) as reported in northern Italy and Mexico. To develop a deeper understanding of the contribution of PM2.5 in the propagation of the SAR-CoV-2 virus in the population, the deposition patterns and efficiencies (DEs) of PM2.5 laced with the virus in healthy and asthmatic airways are studied. Physiologically correct 3-D models for generations 10-12 of the human airways are applied to carry out a numerical analysis of two-phase flow for full breathing cycles. Two concentrations of PM2.5 are applied for the simulation, i.e., 30 µg⋅m-3 and 80 µg⋅m-3 for three breathing statuses, i.e., rest, light exercise, and moderate activity. All the PM2.5 injected into the control volume is assumed to be 100% contaminated with the SAR-CoV-2 virus. Skewed air-flow phenomena at the bifurcations are proportional to the Reynolds number at the inlet, and their intensity in the asthmatic airway exceeded that of the healthy one. Upon exhalation, two peak air-flow vectors from daughter branches combine to form one big vector in the parent generation. Asthmatic airway models has higher deposition efficiencies (DEs) for contaminated PM2.5 as compared to the healthy one. Higher DEs arise in the asthmatic airway model due to complex secondary flows which increase the impaction of contaminated PM2.5 on airways' walls.


Assuntos
Asma , Pulmão , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Itália , México , Modelos Biológicos , Material Particulado/toxicidade
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 411: 125155, 2021 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858108

RESUMO

The synergetic effect of nitrogen-rich and CO2-philic filler and polymer in mixed matrix-based membranes (MMMs) can separate CO2 competently. The introduction of well-defined nanostructured porous fillers of pores close to the kinetic diameter of the gas molecule and polymer matrix compatibility is a challenge in improving the gas transportation characteristics of MMMs. This study deals with the preparation of porphyrin filler and the polysulfone (PSf) polymer MMMs. The fillers demonstrated uniform distribution, uniformity, and successful bond formation. MMMs demonstrated high thermal stability with a glass transition temperature in the range of 480-610 °C. The porphyrin filler exhibited microporous nature with the presence of π-π bonds and Lewis's basic functionalities between filler-polymer resulted in a highly CO2-philic structure. The pure and mixed gas permeabilities and selectivity were successfully improved and surpass the Robeson's upper bound curve's tradeoff. Additionally, the temperature influence on CO2 permeability revealed lower activation energies at higher temperatures leading to the gas transport facilitation. This can be granted consistency and long-term durability in polymer chains. These results highlight the unique properties of porphyrin fillers in CO2 separation mixed matrix membranes and offer new knowledge to increase comprehension of PSf performance under various contents or environments.

16.
Chemosphere ; 277: 130246, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780682

RESUMO

Rivers are the most significant natural resources that afford outstanding habitation and nourishment for numerous living organisms. Urbanization and industrialization pollute rivers rendering their water unhealthy for consumption. Hence, this work was designed to find a potential native pollutant removing algae from polluted water. The physicochemical properties of the tested river water such as Electric Conductivity (EC), turbidity, total hardness, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Ca, SO2-, and NH3, NO3, NO2, PO4, Mg, F- and Cl- contents were not within the permissible limits. Lab-scale and field-based phycoremediation treatments with the indigenous native microalgal species, Chlorella sp. from the Thirumanimutharu river water sample were set up for 15 days with three different (Group I, II, and III) biomass densities (4 × 104, 8 × 104, and 12 × 104 cells mL-1). Group III of both the lab-scale and field based treatments showed the maximum reduction in the physicochemical parameters compared to the other groups. Further, the group III of the field based study showed an extensive reduction in BOD (34.51%), COD (32.53%), NO3, NO2, free NH3 (100%) and increased dissolved oxygen (DO) (88.47%) compared to the lab scale study. In addition, the trace elements were also reduced significantly. The pollutant absorbing active functional moieties (O-H, CO, and CN) found on Chlorella sp. had been confirmed by Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. In the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) study, significant morphological changes on the surface of the treated Chlorella sp. were noticed compared with the untreated Chlorella sp. biomass, which also confirmed the absorption of the pollutants during treatment.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Monitoramento Ambiental , Água Doce , Rios , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Qualidade da Água
17.
Chemosphere ; 272: 129601, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497928

RESUMO

Recently, the COVID-19 disease spread has emerged as a worldwide pandemic and cause severe threats to humanity. The World Health Organisation (WHO) releases guidelines to help the countries to reduce the spread of this virus to the public, like wearing masks, hand hygiene, social distancing, shutting down all types of public transports, etc. These conditions led to a worldwide economic fall drastically, and on the other hand, indirect environmental benefits like global air quality improvement and decreased water pollution are also pictured. Currently, use of face masks is part of a comprehensive package of the prevention and control measures that can limit the spread of COVID-19 since there is no clinically proven drugs or vaccine available for COVID-19. Mostly, face masks are made of petroleum-based non-renewable polymers that are non-biodegradable, hazardous to the environment and create health issues. This study demonstrates the extensive use of the face mask and how it affects human health and the marine ecosystem. It has become a great challenge for the government sectors to impose strict regulations for the proper disposal of the masks as medical waste by the public. Neglecting the seriousness of this issue may lead to the release of large tonnes of micro-plastics to the landfill as well as to the marine environment where mostly end-up and thereby affecting their fauna and flora population vastly. Besides, this study highlights the COVID-19 spread, its evolutionary importance, taxonomy, genomic structure, transmission to humans, prevention, and treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ecossistema , Humanos , Máscaras , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Environ Technol Innov ; 20: 101151, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32923529

RESUMO

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has globally affected the human mortality rate and economic history of the modern world. According to the World Health Organization, COVID-19 has caused a severe threat to the health of the vulnerable groups, notably the elderly. There is still some disagreements regarding the source of the virus and its intermediate host. However, the spread of this disease has caused most countries to enforce strict curfew laws and close most industrial and recreational centres. This study aims to show the potential positive effects of COVID-19 on the environment and the increase of renewable energy generation in Malaysia. To prevent the spread of this disease, Malaysia enacted the Movement Control Order (MCO) law in March 2020. Implementation of this law led to a reduction in environmental pollution, especially air pollution, in this country. The greenhouse gases (GHG) emission , which was 8 Mt CO2 eq. from January 2020 to March 2020, reduced to <1 Mt CO2 eq. for April and May. The reduction of GHG emission and pollutant gases allowed more sunlight to reach photovoltaic panels, hence increasing the renewable energy generation.

19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 247: 116670, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829798

RESUMO

With the growing interest in food safety and in environmental protection, it is more attractive to develop novel biodegradable packaging films. In this regard, one new blending film was prepared with curdlan (CD)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/thyme essential oil. Our results demonstrated that the mechanical properties of the blending film were the best when the ratio of the CD and PVA was 4:1. Further, the barrier properties of the film were optimized by incorporating with thyme essential oil. It was proved that not only water vapor permeability was lower, but also the elongation at break was improved, when 2% (w/w) thyme essential oil used. The potential interactions of the film matrix were analyzed by FTIR, XRD and Cryo-scanning electron microscopy. Importantly, both the antioxidant activity and antibacterial activity were improved. Finally, the blending film was employed for the preservation of chilled meat, while the shelf life was extended up to 10 days.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Carne/análise , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Thymus (Planta)/química , beta-Glucanas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Carne/microbiologia , Óleos Voláteis/química
20.
Data Brief ; 29: 105261, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149166

RESUMO

The reduction of iron oxides transpires through the application of heat wherein a carbon source known as reductant is required. In order to design a chemical looping combustion using iron as an oxygen carrier and torrefied microalgae biomass as a reductant, the kinetics and thermodynamics dataset must be determined. Using the Arrhenius law of reaction, the kinetics dataset was obtained employing the three chemical reaction model such as the first order (C1), the reaction order 1.5 (C1.5), and the second-order (C2). The iron oxide reduction from hematite to metallic iron was sub-divided into three phases wherein phase 1 (Fe2O3 → Fe3O4) is from 365 °C to 555 °C, phase 2 (Fe3O4 → FeO) is from 595 °C to 799 °C, and phase 3 (FeO → Fe) is from 800 °C to 1200 °C. Two torrefied microalgae (Chlamydomonas sp. JSC4 and Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31) were considered as a reducing agent. The kinetics dataset comprise of the activation energy (E), pre-exponential factor (A), and the reaction rate (k) while the thermodynamic dataset consists of the change in enthalpy (ΔH), change in Gibbs energy (ΔG), and change in entropy (ΔS). These kinetics and thermodynamics parameters are essential in understanding the reaction mechanisms of the reduction process of iron oxides enabling process optimization and improvement. Current literature lacks the kinetics and thermodynamics datasets for the reduction of iron oxides using the two torrefied microalgae as reductants. This work provides these datasets which are useful for the design of reactors in chemical looping combustion.

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