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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(9): 3677-3684, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876268

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the discontinuity of oral health care among children and adolescents who accessed emergency services at primary care units and urgent care units. Records were reviewed of patients aged 0 to 17 years treated in the public healthcare system in city of Curitiba, Brazil. Discontinuity was considered when elective treatment was not registered at the primary care unit within six months after urgent care. The sample was stratified based on the Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI) (≤0.799 or ≥0.800). The association between discontinuity and covariables was assessed using univariate and multivariate Poisson regression models with robust variance (α=0.05). The incidence of discontinuity was 42.2%. In the MHDI≤0.799 stratum, the risk of discontinuity was greater among children younger than five years of age and individuals who had not had a dental appointment in the previous year. In both MHDI strata, the risk of discontinuity was higher in patients who received urgent care at an urgent care unit than those treated at a primary care unit. The incidence of the discontinuity of oral health care was high and was strongly influenced by the characteristics of dental service utilization among individuals living in regions with a lower MHDI.

2.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 427-432, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515412

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyse the effect of information technologies on improving the frequency of the use of dental floss among adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, controlled clinical trial was conducted with 291 adolescents (mean age: 16.1 years) in three phases. Phase I involved the application of a questionnaire and clinical examinations using the simplified Oral Hygiene Index and gingival bleeding index. In phase II, the adolescents were randomly allocated to four groups: oral counseling (OR) and the use of an application (App) for smartphones; OR without the app; video (VD) and app; and VD without app. Messages were set through the app for 30 days. Phase III involved the second administration of the questionnaire and clinical examination. The frequency of dental floss use was evaluated in phases I and III. The groups were categorised into the use of technology (VD and/or App) and non-use of technology (OR alone). RESULTS: Statistically significant reductions in the clinical indices were found with all educational methods (p < 0.005) and improvements were found in the use of dental floss (p < 0.001). Moreover, information technologies were associated with an improvement in the frequency of dental floss use (p < 0.033). CONCLUSION: All methods were effective at improving clinical indicators. The use of information technologies can be considered an effective tool for improving dental floss use among adolescents.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Tecnologia da Informação , Adolescente , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral
3.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 57(2): 167-171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a developmental enamel defect with multifactorial etiology. Although the relationship between celiac disease (CD) and developmental enamel defect was demonstrated, the association between CD and MIH is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the occurrence of MIH in CD patients. METHODS: Forty CD patients and a control group with 40 healthy individuals were selected. A calibrated examiner (k≥0.889) according to the European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria performed the diagnosis of MIH. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Fischer's exact test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Of the 80 participants, ten presented MIH with eight individuals with CD. Celiac patients presented 4.75 times the chance of occurrence of MIH than the control group (95% CI: 2.22-10.18; P=0.044). In all the evaluated teeth (n=978), 22 had MIH: 20 teeth in individuals with CD and two in those without the disease. All CD participants with MIH presented the classic form of the disease. CD participants showed 17 teeth (85.0%) with demarcated opacities, two (10.0%) post-eruptive collapses and one (5.0%) atypical restoration. The control group presented only demarcated opacities. CONCLUSION: CD increased the chance of MIH and associated with its clinical manifestations can assist in the diagnosis of CD.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca/epidemiologia , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incisivo , Dente Molar , Prevalência
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 167-171, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131646

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a developmental enamel defect with multifactorial etiology. Although the relationship between celiac disease (CD) and developmental enamel defect was demonstrated, the association between CD and MIH is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the occurrence of MIH in CD patients. METHODS: Forty CD patients and a control group with 40 healthy individuals were selected. A calibrated examiner (k≥0.889) according to the European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria performed the diagnosis of MIH. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Fischer's exact test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Of the 80 participants, ten presented MIH with eight individuals with CD. Celiac patients presented 4.75 times the chance of occurrence of MIH than the control group (95% CI: 2.22-10.18; P=0.044). In all the evaluated teeth (n=978), 22 had MIH: 20 teeth in individuals with CD and two in those without the disease. All CD participants with MIH presented the classic form of the disease. CD participants showed 17 teeth (85.0%) with demarcated opacities, two (10.0%) post-eruptive collapses and one (5.0%) atypical restoration. The control group presented only demarcated opacities. CONCLUSION: CD increased the chance of MIH and associated with its clinical manifestations can assist in the diagnosis of CD.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A hipomineralização de molares e incisivos (HMI) é um defeito de desenvolvimento de esmalte com etiologia multifatorial. Embora a relação entre doença celíaca (DC) e defeito de desenvolvimento de esmalte já tenha sido demonstrada, a associação entre DC e HMI ainda é incerta. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a ocorrência de HMI em pacientes com DC. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados 40 pacientes com DC e um grupo controle com 40 indivíduos sem a doença. O diagnóstico da HMI foi realizado por examinador calibrado (k≥0,889) segundo critérios da Academia Europeia de Odontopediatria. Dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e teste exato de Fischer (α=0,05). RESULTADOS: Dos 80 participantes, 10 apresentaram HMI sendo 8 indivíduos com DC. Pacientes celíacos apresentaram 4,75 vezes a chance de ocorrência de HMI que grupo controle (IC 95%: 2,22-10,18; P=0,044). No total dos dentes avaliados (n=978), 22 apresentaram HMI: 20 dentes em indivíduos com DC e 2 entre aqueles sem a doença. Todos os participantes com DC e portadores de HMI apresentavam a forma clássica da doença. Participantes com DC mostraram 17 (85,0%) dentes com opacidades demarcadas, 2 (10,0%) colapsos pós-eruptivos e 1 (5,0%) restauração atípica. Grupo controle apresentou apenas opacidades demarcadas. CONCLUSÃO: DC aumentou a chance de HMI e associada a manifestações clínicas da DC pode auxiliar no diagnóstico da doença.

5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(9): 3677-3684, Mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1133159

RESUMO

Resumo Este trabalho estudou a descontinuidade do cuidado (DC) em saúde bucal entre crianças e adolescentes que acessaram os serviços de urgência nas unidades básicas de saúde (UBS) e de pronto atendimento (UPA). Foram avaliados prontuários de indivíduos de 0 a 17 anos vinculados ao Sistema Único de Saúde de Curitiba. Considerou-se DC quando não houve o registro de consulta eletiva na UBS nos 6 meses subsequentes ao atendimento de urgência. A amostra foi estratificada pelo Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDHM) da Unidade de Desenvolvimento Humano em que o paciente residia em ≤0,799 ou ≥0,800. A associação entre DC e demais covariáveis foi analisada através de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta uni e multivariada (α=0,05). A incidência de DC foi de 42,2%. No estrato de IDHM≤0,799, o risco de DC foi maior para as crianças com menos de 5 anos de idade e aqueles que não visitaram o dentista no último ano. Nos dois estratos, o risco de DC foi maior para aquelas que utilizaram a UPA para o atendimento de urgência quando comparadas com as que receberam atendimento na UBS. A DC em saúde bucal apresentou alta incidência, sendo que entre os residentes em regiões com menor IDHM, sofreu uma maior influência das características de uso dos serviços.


Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the discontinuity of oral health care among children and adolescents who accessed emergency services at primary care units and urgent care units. Records were reviewed of patients aged 0 to 17 years treated in the public healthcare system in city of Curitiba, Brazil. Discontinuity was considered when elective treatment was not registered at the primary care unit within six months after urgent care. The sample was stratified based on the Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI) (≤0.799 or ≥0.800). The association between discontinuity and covariables was assessed using univariate and multivariate Poisson regression models with robust variance (α=0.05). The incidence of discontinuity was 42.2%. In the MHDI≤0.799 stratum, the risk of discontinuity was greater among children younger than five years of age and individuals who had not had a dental appointment in the previous year. In both MHDI strata, the risk of discontinuity was higher in patients who received urgent care at an urgent care unit than those treated at a primary care unit. The incidence of the discontinuity of oral health care was high and was strongly influenced by the characteristics of dental service utilization among individuals living in regions with a lower MHDI.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1101289

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To identify the clinical and radiographic conditions associated with failure of pulp therapy in primary teeth through a survival analysis. Material and Methods: A total of 1000 records of children assisted at the pediatric dentistry clinic of the Federal University of Parana, Brazil, from the years 2000 to 2010, were analyzed. The mean evaluation time was 10.61 months (minimum/maximum: 1/28) from the report of pulp therapy. The different types of treatments analyzed included indirect pulp treatment (IPT), direct pulp treatment (DPT), pulpotomy and pulpectomy. The Kaplan-Meyer method and log-rank test were used for the survival analysis. Exodontia was considered as the outcome variable and censors included: traumatic tooth loss, presence of the tooth in the oral cavity and physiologic tooth exfoliation. Results: A total of 122 records reporting pulp therapy in the primary teeth were selected. From this, 16 teeth (13.12%) were extracted. Survival analysis showed that pulpectomy presented lower survival rates when compared to conservative therapies (p=0.0297). Teeth with furcal lesions and pathological root resorption before pulp therapy had lower survival rates when compared to those that did not present these conditions (P=0.006). Presence of fistula and abscess after pulp therapy were also associated with lower survival rates (P=0.0062 and 0.0143, respectively). Conclusion: Signals of pulp necrosis were associated to lower survival rates in primary teeth submitted to pulp therapy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135557

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of oral health knowledge in adolescents' oral hygiene pattern. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 291 participants aged between 14 and 19 years old enrolled in a public school in Curitiba, Brazil. A self-administered questionnaire containing five affirmations about periodontal diseases and their forms of prevention was arranged on a three-point Likert scale. Correct answers were given a weight=1 and incorrect ones, weight=0. The knowledge score (KS) was determined by the sum. Socioeconomic and demographic data were obtained by a questionnaire sent to those responsible. The oral hygiene pattern was evaluated through the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) by a calibrated researcher (K=0.89). Mann-Whitney U test and univariate and multivariate Poisson regression with robust variance were used for data analysis (α=0.05). Results: There was an inversely proportional association between KS and OHI-S (p=0.018). The multiple model showed that adolescents with a lower KS (PR = 0.93, CI95%: 0.88-0.99), male gender (PR = 1.17, CI95%: 1.01-1.37) and whose caregivers presented a lower level of education (PR=1.30, CI95%: 1.03-1.64) showed a higher index of dental plaque. Conclusion: The level of oral health knowledge, the gender and the caregivers' level of education influences the adolescents' oral hygiene pattern.

8.
Pediatr Dent ; 41(5): 364-370, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648667

RESUMO

Purpose: Hypomineralized primary second molars (HPSMs) are clinically represented by demarcated opacities in the enamel, involving from one to four primary second molars. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the systemic exposures associated with hypomineralized primary second molars. Methods: A representative population-based sample of 731 eight-year-old children was randomly selected. Data on systemic exposures were collected via a structured questionnaire given to the children's mothers. The HPSMs were clinically assessed by calibrated examiners according to the modified-DDE (developmental defects of enamel) index and European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry criteria. Associations were analyzed by Poisson multiple regression considering a temporal hierarchical approach. Results: The prevalence of HPSMs was 9.4 percent (95 percent confidence interval equals 7.0 to 12.0 percent). Children whose mothers presented with hypertension were found with an Adjusted Prevalence ratio (PRa) of 1.73 (P=0.044) and mothers who used tobacco (PRa equals 2.44; P=0.001) during pregnancy had a significantly higher prevalence of HPSMs. The presence of complications during delivery (PRa equals 1.83; P=0.032) and the occurrence of otitis media during early childhood (PRa equals 1.68; P=0.043) also presented a higher prevalence of HPSMs. Conclusion: The use of tobacco, presence of hypertension, complications during delivery, and otitis media during the first years of a child's life are associated with a higher prevalence of hypomineralized primary second molars. (Pediatr Dent 2019;41(5):364-70).


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Esmalte Dentário , Feminino , Humanos , Dente Molar , Gravidez , Prevalência , Dente Decíduo
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e048, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432924

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and its relationship with the number of primary teeth with developmental defects of enamel (DDE). A representative population-based sample of 731 schoolchildren was randomly selected from the public school system in Curitiba, Brazil. Schoolchildren aged 8 years with fully erupted permanent first molars and incisors were eligible for the study. MIH and DDE were classified by four calibrated examiners (kappa > 0.75) according to EAPD criteria and to the FDI-modified DDE index. Clinical data were collected in a school environment. Socioeconomic information was collected through a self-administered semistructured questionnaire applied to the children's caregivers. Statistical analyses were carried out using Poisson multiple regression with robust variance (α = 0.05). MIH prevalence was 12.1% (95%CI: 10-15), and opacities were the most prevalent defect. Socioeconomic factors were not associated with MIH. Children with demarcated opacity in primary teeth presented a higher prevalence of MIH than those without DDE in primary teeth. In the multiple analysis, the increase of one primary tooth affected by demarcated opacity increased the prevalence of MIH by 33% (PR = 1.33, 95%CI: 1.15-1.53, p < 0.001). Asian children had a higher prevalence of MIH (PR = 2.91, 95%CI: 1.08-8.09 p = 0.035) than did Caucasian children.Conclusion: Based on these findings, the prevalence of MIH in Curitiba was 12.1%. Demarcated opacity in primary teeth could be considered a predictor of MIH.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Dente Decíduo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/patologia , Masculino , Dente Molar/patologia , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Dente Decíduo/patologia
10.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 47(5): 407-415, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systemic exposures associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). METHODS: This systematic review was performed using published observational studies that evaluated the systemic exposures associated with MIH. The sources of articles searched were PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and Grey literature. The risk of bias was analysed according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for quality assessment. The meta-analysis was performed considering the exposures during the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal periods using the CMA software. RESULTS: A total of 4207 articles were identified. Twenty-nine studies were eligible for inclusion and 27 were included in the meta-analysis. The studies presented low and moderate risks of bias, except for one that was classified as having a high risk of bias. Maternal illness during pregnancy (OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.18-1.65, P < 0.0001) and psychological stress (OR = 2.65; 95% CI 1.52-4.63; P = 0.001) was observed to be significantly associated with higher odds of MIH. During the perinatal period, caesarean delivery (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.11-1.57, P = 0.001) and delivery complications (OR = 2.06; 95% CI 1.47-2.88, P < 0.0001) were also associated with MIH. In the postnatal period, only respiratory diseases (OR = 1.98; 95% CI 1.45-2.70, P < 0.0001) and fever (OR = 1.50; 95% CI 1.22-1.84; P < 0.0001) were associated with higher prevalence of MIH. The evidence was graded as very low quality. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal illness, psychological stress, caesarean delivery, delivery complications, respiratory diseases and fever during the first years of a child's life were significantly associated with a higher odds of MIH. However, this should be interpreted with caution, once the primary studies were observational, with serious limitations according to the risk of bias, imprecision, and inconsistency. Further, well-designed cohort studies are still required.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Estudos de Coortes , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Dente Molar/patologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
11.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(5): 615-623, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients with high levels of DA helps to define the most adequate oral healthcare strategy, especially for pediatric patients. AIM: To investigate the association between parental reports of dental anxiety (DA) and molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a representative sample of 731 8-year-old schoolchildren from the city of Curitiba, Brazil, who were clinically examined (k ≥ 0.75) for the diagnosis of MIH and dental caries using the EAPD criteria and dmft/DMFT index, respectively. Parents/guardians reported children's DA using the Dental Anxiety Question (DAQ) and answered a self-administered structured questionnaire addressing socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Associations were evaluated using Poisson regression analysis with robust variance (P < 0.05). RESULTS: A significant association was found between DA and MIH (PR = 1.20; 95%CI: 1.01-1.42; P = 0.038), but this association lost its significance when adjusted for the other characteristics (PR = 1.13; 95%CI: 0.93-1.38; P = 0.215). Caries experience in primary teeth was associated with lower levels of DA (PR = 0.83; 95%CI: 0.71-0.96; P = 0.0013). The most recent visit to the dentist due to pain increased the levels of DA (PR = 1.18; 95%CI: 1.07-1.30; P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of MIH in schoolchildren was not associated with parental reports of DA.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Humanos , Incisivo , Dente Molar , Prevalência
12.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(4): 496-506, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is associated with unfavourable dental conditions such as dental caries and may consequently impact oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of MIH on OHRQoL in children with early mixed dentition. METHOD: A population-based cross-sectional study of 728 8-year-old children from the public school system in Curitiba, Brazil, was conducted. The Child Perception Questionnaire for 8- to 10-year-olds (CPQ8-10 ) was used to evaluate OHRQoL. MIH was diagnosed according to the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) criteria. The assessments of MIH, dental caries, and malocclusion were performed by four calibrated examiners (κ ≥ 0.80). Demographic and socioeconomic data (DSE) were obtained from the children's parents/caregivers using a structured questionnaire. The analysis of OHRQoL determinants was performed through a three-level hierarchical approach: mesial (DSE), intermediate (clinical conditions), and distal (child's oral self-perception), using Poisson regression with robust variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The prevalence of MIH was 12.1% (95% CI: 10-15). An association was found between MIH and OHRQoL in the "oral symptoms" domain of the CPQ8-10 (PR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.03-1.11, P < 0.001) after adjusting for other clinical variables and DSE. CONCLUSION: Molar incisor hypomineralization was associated with a greater impact on OHRQoL in children's oral symptoms.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dentição Mista , Humanos , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida
13.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 67: e20190037, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040940

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries among preschoolers at public and private schools and to evaluate the associations among the prevalence of the disease, socioeconomic factors, and the impact of a university extension project. Methods Five-year-old preschool children were examined and were divided into three groups: children from private schools who were not receiving regular preventive care (group 1), children from public schools who were not receiving regular preventive care (group 2), children from public schools who were receiving preventive care through a university extension project (group 3). The children were examined for decay-missing-filled index, and their caregivers were interviewed to collect data on socioeconomic factors. Fisher's and Chi-squared tests were used to analyze the data. Results Group 1 showed better socioeconomic and oral conditions compared with groups 2 and 3. Parents'/guardians' level of education was associated with the presence of disease in their children; however, income showed no association. Conclusion Dental caries were more prevalent in the group with worse socioeconomic indicators, and although the university extension project had been implemented in one of the groups, it was not able to overcome health inequalities.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a prevalência da cárie dentária em pré-escolares de escola pública e privada, avaliando sua associação a fatores socioeconômicos e impactos projeto de extensão universitária. Métodos Foram examinados pré-escolares de 5 anos, alocados em 3 grupos: G1 - crianças de colégio privado, sem projeto preventivo em saúde bucal; G2 - crianças de ensino público também sem cuidados preventivos regulares; G3 - pré-escolares de ensino público que recebem cuidados preventivos através de projeto de extensão universitária. As crianças foram examinadas para aferição do índice ceo-d e seus responsáveis foram entrevistados para verificação de fatores socioeconômicos. Para análise dos dados foi utilizado o teste de Fisher e o teste Qui-quadrado Resultados A escola referente ao G1 mostrou melhores condições socioeconômicas e bucais, comparada com os grupos G2 e G3. A escolaridade dos pais esteve associada à presença de doença nos filhos, porém, a renda não demonstrou associação. Conclusão A cárie dentária foi mais prevalente no grupo com piores indicadores socioeconômicos, e apesar do projeto de extensão universitária em saúde bucal estar presente em uma das situações ele não foi capaz de superar as desigualdades em saúde.

14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e048, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019601

RESUMO

Abstract This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and its relationship with the number of primary teeth with developmental defects of enamel (DDE). A representative population-based sample of 731 schoolchildren was randomly selected from the public school system in Curitiba, Brazil. Schoolchildren aged 8 years with fully erupted permanent first molars and incisors were eligible for the study. MIH and DDE were classified by four calibrated examiners (kappa > 0.75) according to EAPD criteria and to the FDI-modified DDE index. Clinical data were collected in a school environment. Socioeconomic information was collected through a self-administered semistructured questionnaire applied to the children's caregivers. Statistical analyses were carried out using Poisson multiple regression with robust variance (α = 0.05). MIH prevalence was 12.1% (95%CI: 10-15), and opacities were the most prevalent defect. Socioeconomic factors were not associated with MIH. Children with demarcated opacity in primary teeth presented a higher prevalence of MIH than those without DDE in primary teeth. In the multiple analysis, the increase of one primary tooth affected by demarcated opacity increased the prevalence of MIH by 33% (PR = 1.33, 95%CI: 1.15-1.53, p < 0.001). Asian children had a higher prevalence of MIH (PR = 2.91, 95%CI: 1.08-8.09 p = 0.035) than did Caucasian children.Conclusion: Based on these findings, the prevalence of MIH in Curitiba was 12.1%. Demarcated opacity in primary teeth could be considered a predictor of MIH.

15.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 23(6): e639-e645, nov. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176385

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the dental and oral manifestations in patients with celiac disease. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 40 patients with the disease and 40 without the disease matched by age in southern Brazil. The CD group included patients previously diagnosed by positive anti-endomysial (IgA) examination and confirmed by small intestine biopsy. The presence of dental enamel defects and dental caries was evaluated by a calibrated researcher according to AINE's and WHO's criteria, respectively. The history of recurrent aphthous ulcers and dry mouth was obtained through reporting. For the evaluation of the salivary flow, the saliva samples were obtained through the non-stimulated and stimulated saliva collection method. Results: There was a significant association between CD and dental enamel defects (OR=2.38, P=0.045) and dry mouth (OR=9.15, P=0.002). No difference was found for the report of recurrent aphthous ulcers and caries experience between the two groups. Patients with CD had normal pattern of unstimulated and stimulated saliva flow rates (0.67 ± 0.38 ml / min and 1.14 ± 0.47 ml / min, respectively). A higher occurrence of dental enamel defects was observed in patients with classic CD (P=0.054). Of the 1,962 permanent teeth, 59 presented dental enamel defects, 71.8% of which were in patients with CD (P=0.001), predominantly in molars (P=0.009). Conclusions: CD increased the likelihood of dental enamel defects and dry mouth sensation. The oral examination can be an important auxiliary tool for the identification of cases of the disease


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Doença Celíaca/complicações , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudos de Casos e Controles
16.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 28(4): 410-419, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a decisive period in the construction of new conduits. OBJECTIVE: The influence of an App associated with conventional educational methods in adolescents' oral health. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial including 291 participants (mean age = 16.1 years) in baseline. The study consisted of four phases. Interventions were evaluated through the knowledge score (KS) and oral indexes (OHI-S/GBI). KS was obtained through five affirmations about periodontal diseases applied in different moments (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test). Phase I included pre-test and oral clinical examination. Sample was randomly divided into two groups: oral (OG) and video orientation (VG) and post-test (phase II). Phase III characterized the formation of groups: OG + App/OG without App/VG + App/VG without App. App consisted of reinforcement messages which was sent during 30 days. Phase IV comprised follow-up test and clinical evaluation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in KS between OG/VG. Overall, App improved KS (P < 0.001). VG + App showed a significant increase in KS in the follow-up test compared to the post-test (P = 0.046). There was a significant reduction in oral indexes for all methods. CONCLUSION: App was effective in increasing knowledge, especially associated with video. The different methods were equally effective for a better standard in oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Saúde Bucal/educação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4320, 15/01/2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-967080

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate systemic factors those are related to molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH), its association with dental caries, and the impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Brazilian children. Material and Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic, Federal University of Parana, Brazil. Patients with MIH who were assisted from 2014 to 2015 were included in the study, for a total of 31 children, 6-13 years of age. The control group consisted of 62 children who were matched by sex and age. European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria were used for MIH diagnosis. The children's mothers answered a questionnaire regarding the children's history of health intercurrences in the pre-, peri-, and postnatal periods. The Decayed, Missing, or Filled Teeth indices for permanent and primary teeth (dmft index and DMFT index, respectively) were used for dental caries examination by two calibrated examiners. Child Perceptions Questionnaires for 8- to 10-year-old children and 11- to 14-year-old children (CPQ8-10 and CPQ11-14) were used to assess OHRQoL. Results: Prematurity and prolonged delivery were significantly associated with the occurrence of MIH. In the postnatal period, recurrent fevers in the first 3 years of life were associated with MIH. Of the 339 incisors and first permanent molars that were examined, 178 presented MIH, of which 116 (65%) were demarcated opacities. A significant difference was found in the mean DMFT index between groups. No impact of MIH on OHRQoL was observed. Conclusion: The present results suggest higher intercurrences during the perinatal period and a higher incidence of caries among children with MIH.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Desmineralização do Dente/etiologia , Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Índice CPO , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 15(1): 41-48, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28232973

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of oral health literacy (OHL) on the retention of health information in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 175 pregnant women were randomly assigned to standard oral (spoken), written and control intervention groups. With the exception of the control group, the interventions investigated the eating habits and oral hygiene among children under 2 years of age. The participants' answers before the interventions (pre-test), 15 min after the interventions (post-test) and 4 weeks after the interventions (follow-up test) were used to estimate the knowledge score (KS). Information acquisition was determined by comparing pre-test and post-test results, while retention of information was based comparing pre-test and follow-up test results. OHL was analysed by BREALD-30. The data were assessed by nonparametric tests and Poisson regression models with robust variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: By the end of the follow-up period, 162 pregnant women had been assessed. The BREALD-30 mean was 22.3 (SD = 4.80). Regardless of the type of intervention, pregnant women with low OHL had lower knowledge scores in the three assessments. Participants with low OHL showed higher acquisition and retention of information in the standard oral health intervention. Multiple regression models demonstrated that OHL was independently associated with KS, age, socioeconomic status and type of intervention. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a negative effect of low OHL on retention of information. Only the standard, spoken oral health intervention could address the differences in literacy levels.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Retenção Psicológica
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 17(1): e3142, 13/01/2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-914251

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the factors related to the dental emergency care of children and adolescents in Basic Health Units (UBS) and Emergency Care Units (UPA) affiliated with the public dental network of Curitiba, Brazil. Material and Methods: Crosssectional study that evaluated 1,012 emergency cases in individuals aged up to 17 years old and with a permanent record in the Unified Health System of Curitiba. Demographic data of individuals and of services were taken from electronic medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test and chi-square test for linear trend (α = 0.05), estimating the prevalence ratio (PR) (95%CI). Results: Of the total of emergency cases, 68.2% and 31.8% were of children and adolescents, respectively. UBS accounted for 89.7% of the cases while UPA represented 10.3%, and 12.2% of the treatments were characterized as first access to the system. Adolescents used UPAs for emergency care more often than children (PR = 1.84; 95%CI: 1.28-2.64). Among children, those with more than 1 year since the last appointment used UPAs for emergency care more often (PR = 1.86; 95%CI: 1.09-3.17). Adolescents for whom emergency care was characterized as first access to the system used UPAs more often (PR = 2.16; 95%CI: 1.04-4.46). The proximity between the UBS of origin and the UPA was associated with greater UPA utilization by both groups. Conclusion: UBSs accounted for most of the dental emergency treatments. Children and adolescents with a poorer connection with UBSs and those who lived near an UPA had a higher prevalence of UPA utilization for emergency care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adolescente , Criança , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Centros de Saúde , Sistema Único de Saúde , Assistência Ambulatorial , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais/métodos
20.
Appetite ; 108: 450-455, 2017 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27818303

RESUMO

Eating behavior of parents exerts an influence on eating practices among their children, including the consumption of cariogenic products. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the snack limits established by parents/caregivers and the prevalence of untreated dental caries (UDC) among their children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 686 children aged four and five years enrolled at public schools in the city of Curitiba, Brazil, and their parents/caregivers. The children were examined for dental caries and visible plaque. Parents/caregivers answered the Brazilian version of the Parent Mealtime Action Scale (PMAS). Data were analyzed using nonparametric tests and Poison regression analysis. The prevalence of UDC was 45.6%. The Snack Limits subscale of the PMAS was associated with a lower prevalence rate of UDC (PR: 0.83; 95%CI: 0.72-0.96), independently of the other variables. UDC was also associated with a greater prevalence of visible plaque (PR: 1.29; 95%CI: 1.08-1.54), a lower tooth brushing frequency (PR: 1.46; 95%CI: 1.22-1.77) and greater age of the child (PR: 1.31; 95%CI: 1.08-1.59). Snack limits established by parents/caregivers were associated to a lower prevalence rate of UDC among preschool children.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Refeições/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Pais/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Prevalência , Lanches/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
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