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1.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(2): 119-123, mar.-abr. 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-3075

RESUMO

Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio es analizar, mediante el uso de termografía infrarroja, la variabilidad de temperatura del pie en pacientes diabéticos y no diabéticos tras la segmentación de la planta del pie en 4 áreas de estudio. Método: Se planteó un estudio transversal sobre una muestra de 479 sujetos encuadrados en 2 grupos, grupo personas con diabetes y grupo personas sin diabetes. El grupo de diabetes, compuesto de un total de 277 personas, con una edad media de 63,41 años (138 hombres [49,8%] y 139 mujeres [50,2%]), y el grupo sin diabetes con 202 individuos, con una edad media de 61,92 años (99 hombres [49%] y 103 mujeres [51%]). La toma de imágenes se llevó a cabo con la cámara FLIR E60bx(R). El análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos se realizó utilizando el paquete estadístico IBM SPSS Statistics 22. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron variabilidad de temperatura en las distintas áreas de estudio de la planta del pie de forma bilateral, y también hubo diferencias según la pertenencia al grupo de pacientes diabéticos o no diabéticos. Conclusiones: El uso de termografía infrarroja en la evaluación del pie de riesgo podría demostrar la variabilidad de temperatura por áreas de estudio, lo que puede ser de utilidad para el diagnóstico y prevención de lesiones en zonas comprometidas del pie


Objective: The objective of the study is to analyze, through the use of infrared thermography, the variability of foot temperature in diabetic and non-diabetic patients by segmenting the sole of the foot in four study areas. Method: A cross-sectional study was proposed on a sample of 479 subjects divided into two groups, a group of people with diabetes and a group of people without diabetes. The diabetes group comprised a total of 277 people, with an average age of 63.41 years, [138 men (49.8%) and 139 women (50.2%)], and the group without diabetes comprised 202 individuals, with an average age of 61.92 years, [99 men (49%) and 103 women (51%)]. The images were taken using the FLIR E60bx(R) camera. IBM SPSS Statistics 22 software was used for the statistical data analysis. Results: The results show temperature variability in the different areas of study of the sole of the foot bilaterally and there were also differences according to whether the patient belonged to the diabetic or the non-diabetic group. Conclusions: The use of infrared thermography in the evaluation of the foot at risk could demonstrate the variability of temperature by study area, which could be useful in the area of healthcare for the diagnosis and prevention of injuries to compromised areas of the foot

2.
Enferm. glob ; 18(55): 35-46, jul. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186235

RESUMO

Introducción: la Diabetes Mellitus es un problema de salud pública. El Pie diabético es una degeneración de la estructura vascular de los pies, cuyos pacientes presentan problemas neurológicos, necesarios de identificar en el menor tiempo posible. Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio es analizar la influencia de los factores de riesgo en la aparición del pie de riesgo, como datos complementarios al estudio mediante termografía infrarroja. Método: se plantea un estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional sobre una muestra de 479 sujetos encuadrados en dos grupos, grupo casos (personas con diabetes) y grupo control (personas sin diabetes). El grupo casos compuesto de un total de 277 personas, con una edad media de 63.41 años, [138 hombres (49.8%) y 139 mujeres (50.2%)]. De igual modo para el grupo control, el número consistió en 202 usuarios, con una edad media de 61.92 años, [ 99 hombres (49%) y 103 mujeres (51%)]. La toma de imágenes se ha llevado a cabo con la cámara FLIR E60bx(R) (FLIR(R) Company, Boston, USA). El análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos se ha realizado utilizando el paquete estadístico IBM SPSS Statistics 22. Conclusión: se puede concluir afirmando que el estudio de los diferentes factores de riesgo es clave en el diagnóstico del pie de riesgo. Se puede esTablecer con rotundidad que la edad es un condicionante evidente, ya que las edades avanzadas se corresponden con un IMC y perímetro abdominal mayor. Unido al análisis mediante termografía infrarroja en la evaluación del pie de riesgo es útil para el diagnóstico y prevención de zonas comprometidas del pie, evitando así el desencadenante evidente en los daños propios de un pie diabético


Introduction: diabetes Mellitus is a public health problem. Diabetic foot is a degeneration of the vascular structure of the feet, whose patients present neurological problems, necessary to identify in the shortest possible time. Objective: the objective of the study is to analyze the influence of risk factors on the appearance of risk foot, as complementary data to the study by infrared thermography. Method: a descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was proposed on a sample of 479 subjects framed in two groups, group cases (people with diabetes) and control group (people without diabetes). The group cases comprised a total of 277 people, with an average age of 63.41 years, [138 men (49.8%) and 139 women (50.2%)]. In the same way for the control group, the number consisted of 202 users, with an average age of 61.92 years, [99 men (49%) and 103 women (51%)]. The taking of images has been carried out with the FLIR E60bx(R) camera (FLIR(R) Company, Boston, USA). The statistical analysis of the data obtained was carried out using the IBM SPSS Statistics 22 statistical package. Conclusion: it can be concluded by stating that the study of the different risk factors is key in the diagnosis of risk foot. It can be clearly established that age is an obvious condition, since advanced ages correspond to a BMI and greater abdominal perimeter. Together, the analysis by infrared thermography in the assessment of the foot risk is useful for the diagnosis and prevention of compromised areas of the foot, thus avoiding the obvious trigger in the damages of a diabetic foot


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Termografia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Efeito Idade , Estudos Transversais , Índice Glicêmico , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
3.
Curr Diabetes Rev ; 15(6): 503-509, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30727903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a public health problem worldwide. The diabetic foot has a degenerate vascular structure, and its patients present neurological problems, which require the earliest possible identification. INTRODUCTION: The objective of the research was to use infrared thermography to analyze the temperature difference of the feet of users with diabetes mellitus with neuropathy, vasculopathy, neurovascular disease, or none of them, segmenting the sole of the foot in four areas for the study. METHODS: A type of descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was developed in a group of 277 patients with diabetic pathology (138 men and 139 women), with an average age of 63.41 ± 17.69 years and a body mass index of 29.08 ± 5.86, delimited in four groups: 22 (7.94%) with neuropathy, 32 (11.55%) with vasculopathy, 83 (29.96%) with neurovasculopathy and 140 (50.54%) without previous pathology. Thus, almost half of the sample (49.46%) presented some type of complication (neuropathic, vasculopathic or both). The photographic images were made with an infrared camera model FLIR E60bx®. The data obtained were analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics 22 statistical program. RESULTS: There were lower temperatures under the 1st metatarsal head, the 5th metatarsal head, the heel, and pulp of the big toe of both left and right feet of the patients in the neuropathy, vasculopathy, and neurovasculopathy groups relative to the group with neither pathology. CONCLUSION: Infrared thermography can be useful in assessing the foot at risk to reveal the variability of temperature according to the study area, which may be useful for medical judgment and the predisposition to identify lesions in compromised regions of the foot.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Termografia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Enferm Clin ; 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze, through the use of infrared thermography, the variability of foot temperature in diabetic and non-diabetic patients by segmenting the sole of the foot in four study areas. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was proposed on a sample of 479 subjects divided into two groups, a group of people with diabetes and a group of people without diabetes. The diabetes group comprised a total of 277 people, with an average age of 63.41 years, [138 men (49.8%) and 139 women (50.2%)], and the group without diabetes comprised 202 individuals, with an average age of 61.92 years, [99 men (49%) and 103 women (51%)]. The images were taken using the FLIR E60bx® camera. IBM SPSS Statistics 22 software was used for the statistical data analysis. RESULTS: The results show temperature variability in the different areas of study of the sole of the foot bilaterally and there were also differences according to whether the patient belonged to the diabetic or the non-diabetic group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of infrared thermography in the evaluation of the foot at risk could demonstrate the variability of temperature by study area, which could be useful in the area of healthcare for the diagnosis and prevention of injuries to compromised areas of the foot.

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