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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462550


PURPOSE: The prospective, multicenter SMART SF trial demonstrated the acute safety and effectiveness of the 56-hole porous tip irrigated contact force (CF) catheter for drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) ablation with a low primary adverse event rate (2.5%), leading to FDA approval of the catheter. Here, we are reporting the long-term effectiveness and safety results that have not yet been reported. METHODS: Ablations were performed using the 56-hole porous tip irrigated CF catheter guided by the 3D mapping system stability module. The primary effectiveness endpoint was freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmia (including atrial fibrillation, atrial tachycardia, and/or atrial flutter), based on electrocardiographic data at 12 months. Atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence occurring 3 months post procedure, acute procedural failures such as lack of entrance block confirmation of all PVs, and undergoing repeat procedure for atrial fibrillation in the evaluation period (91 to 365 days post the initial ablation procedure) were considered to be effectiveness failures. RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients (age 64.8 ± 9.7 years; male 52.6%; Caucasian 96.2%) participated in the 12-month effectiveness evaluation. Mean follow-up time was 373.5 ± 45.4 days. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of freedom from 12-month atrial tachyarrhythmia was 74.9%. Two procedure-related pericardial effusion events were reported at 92 and 180 days post procedure. There were no pulmonary vein stenosis complications or deaths reported through the 12-month follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The SMART SF 12-month follow-up evaluation corroborates the early safety and effectiveness success previously reported for PAF ablation with STSF.

Europace ; 20(FI_3): f392-f400, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29016769


Aims: THERMOCOOL SMARTTOUCH® SF Catheter is a new contact-force (CF)-sensing catheter with 56-hole porous tip designed for improved cooling and reduced fluid delivery compared with a standard 6-hole open-irrigated catheter. The SMART SF study examined the periprocedural safety, acute effectiveness, and procedural efficiency of the catheter for drug-refractory symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) ablation. Methods and results: The prospective, open-label, non-randomized SMART-SF was conducted at 17 US sites. Circumferential pulmonary vein (PV) isolation was performed with confirmation of entrance block in all PVs. Stable ablation sites were identified using CARTO VISITAG™ Module. Primary adverse events (AEs; ≤1 week of index procedure), periprocedural AEs within 30 days of ablation procedure, acute effectiveness (confirmation of entrance block for targeted PVs), CF, and procedural parameters were assessed. Overall, 165 patients were enrolled (mean age, 62.7 years; male, 57.9%; white, 97%; left ventricular ejection fraction, 60.1 ± 7%; left atrium diameter, 38.8 ± 6 mm); 159 underwent radiofrequency ablation and comprised the safety cohort. Primary safety performance criteria were met: primary AE rate was 2.5% (4/159; cardiac tamponade [n = 2], thrombo-embolism [n = 1], transient ischaemic attack [n = 1]). All primary AEs resolved/improved within the 1-month follow-up period. Acute procedural effectiveness was attained in 96.2% (95% confidence interval: 92.0-98.6%) of patients. Procedure time, fluoroscopy time, and fluid delivered were observed in comparison to predecessor catheters. Conclusion: In the SMART-SF trial, the predetermined safety performance goal was met, demonstrating the safety and acute effectiveness of the THERMOCOOL SMARTTOUCH® SF Catheter for PAF ablation.

Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Cateteres Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/instrumentação , Frequência Cardíaca , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Irrigação Terapêutica/instrumentação , Potenciais de Ação/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Porosidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Irrigação Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
Chaos ; 8(1): 137-148, 1998 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12779717


In support of the spiral wave theory of reentry, simulation studies and animal models have been utilized to show various patterns of spiral wave tip motion such as meandering and drifting. However, the demonstration of these or any other patterns in cardiac tissues have been limited. Whether such patterns of spiral tip motion are commonly observed in fibrillating cardiac tissues is unknown, and whether such patterns form the basis of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation remain debatable. Using a computerized dynamic activation display, 108 episodes of atrial and ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation in isolated and intact canine cardiac tissues, as well as in vitro swine and myopathic human cardiac tissues, were analyzed for patterns of nonstationary, spiral wave tip motion. Among them, 46 episodes were from normal animal myocardium without pharmacological perturbations, 50 samples were from normal animal myocardium, either treated with drugs or had chemical ablation of the subendocardium, and 12 samples were from diseased human hearts. Among the total episodes, 11 of them had obvious nonstationary spiral tip motion with a life span of >2 cycles and with consecutive reentrant paths distinct from each other. Four patterns were observed: (1) meandering with an inward petal flower in 2; (2) meandering with outward petals in 5; (3) irregularly concentric in 3 (core moving about a common center); and (4) drift in 1 (linear core movement). The life span of a single nonstationary spiral wave lasted no more than 7 complete cycles with a mean of 4.6+/-4.3, and a median of 4.5 cycles in our samples. Conclusion: (1) Patently evident nonstationary spiral waves with long life spans were uncommon in our sample of mostly normal cardiac tissues, thus making a single meandering spiral wave an unlikely major mechanism of fibrillation in normal ventricular myocardium. (2) A tendency toward four patterns of nonstationary spiral tip motion was observed. (c) 1998 American Institute of Physics.