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1.
Exp Mol Pathol ; : 104454, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422132

RESUMO

The pleiotropic effects of statins, including an antiarthritic potential, have been noted. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of statins on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and clarify how statins affect its pathogenesis. Fluvastatin (500 µg/kg/day) or vehicle was given per os to env-pX rats, which carry the human T-cell leukemia virus type I env-pX gene and spontaneously develop destructive arthritis mimicking RA, for 30 days. Blood sampling and ultrasonography (US) of the ankle joints were conducted on days 0, 10, 20, and 30. On day 30, all rats were euthanized, and the ankle joints were subjected to histological analysis. To clarify how fluvastatin affects the pathogenesis of RA, comprehensive serum exosomal microRNA (miRNA) analysis was performed. Gene expression in the primary culture of synovial fibroblasts derived from arthritic rat and human and non-arthritic rat periarticular tissues was determined quantitatively by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). As a result, the development of arthritis in env-pX rats was significantly suppressed by fluvastatin, which was evident from the viewpoints of serology, US imaging, and histology. Comprehensive serum exosomal miRNA analysis suggested that the expression of Rho GTPase-activating protein 12 (Arhgap12) was decreased in arthritic env-pX rats but increased with the administration of fluvastatin. Corresponding results were obtained by quantitative RT- PCR using primary culture of synovial fibroblasts. The collective findings suggest that fluvastatin prevents the development of arthritis in env-pX rats via the up-regulation of ARHGAP12. This study suggests that ARHGAP12 can be a possible therapeutic target of RA.

2.
Int Immunol ; 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369831

RESUMO

Chronic active antibody-mediated rejection (CAAMR) is a particular problem in kidney transplantation, and about 25% of grafts are lost by CAAMR. Further, the pathogenesis remains unclear, and there is no effective cure or marker. We previously found that a hyper NFκB-activating mechanism in non-immune cells, called the IL-6 amplifier, is induced by the co-activation of NFκB and STAT3, and that this activation can develop various chronic inflammatory diseases. Here we show that synaptotagmin-17 (SYT17) is increased in an exosomal fraction of the urine from CAAMR patients, and that this increase is associated with activation of the IL-6 amplifier. Immunohistochemistry showed that SYT17 protein expression was increased in renal tubule cells of the CAAMR group. While SYT17 protein was not detectable in whole urine samples by western blotting, urinary exosomal SYT17 levels were significantly elevated in the CAAMR group compared to three other histology groups (normal, interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, and calcineurin inhibitors toxicity) after kidney transplantation. On the other hand, current clinical laboratory data could not differentiate the CAAMR group from these groups. These data suggest that urinary exosomal SYT17 is a potential diagnostic marker for CAAMR.

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(5): 618-625, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Riociguat is approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension and has antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects in animal models of tissue fibrosis. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of riociguat in patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) at high risk of skin fibrosis progression. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase IIb trial, adults with dcSSc of <18 months' duration and a modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) 10-22 units received riociguat 0.5 mg to 2.5 mg orally three times daily (n=60) or placebo (n=61). The primary endpoint was change in mRSS from baseline to week 52. RESULTS: At week 52, change from baseline in mRSS units was -2.09±5.66 (n=57) with riociguat and -0.77±8.24 (n=52) with placebo (difference of least squares means -2.34 (95% CI -4.99 to 0.30; p=0.08)). In patients with interstitial lung disease, forced vital capacity declined by 2.7% with riociguat and 7.6% with placebo. At week 14, average Raynaud's condition score had improved ≥50% in 19 (41.3%)/46 patients with riociguat and 13 (26.0%)/50 patients with placebo. Safety assessments showed no new signals with riociguat and no treatment-related deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Riociguat did not significantly benefit mRSS versus placebo at the predefined p<0.05. Secondary and exploratory analyses showed potential efficacy signals that should be tested in further trials. Riociguat was well tolerated.

4.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Optineurin (OPTN) is an autophagy adaptor/receptor which acts as an intrinsic negative regulator of osteoclast differentiation. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) expressed by rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) is primarily responsible for bone erosions in RA. We aim to explore the role of OPTN in the pathogenesis of joint destructions in RA. METHODS: RASFs were incubated with/without TNF-α/IFN-γ and OPTN expression was analyzed using RT-qPCR and western blot. RANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression were evaluated in OPTN-reduced RASFs with/without TNF-α/IFN-γ. OPTN-reduced RASFs were cocultured with monocytes and stained with Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase (TRAP). IκBα, NF-κB1 and RelA protein levels were measured to evaluate NF-κB signaling. Matrix metallopeptidase 3 (MMP3), IL-6, GATA-3, carbohydrate sulfotransferase 15 (CHST15), hyaluronan synthase 1 (HAS1) and GATA-1 mRNA levels were analyzed by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: TNF-α/IFN-γ upregulated OPTN expression (P < 0.05). TNF-α/IFN-γ increased RANKL expression and the effect was further pronounced in OPTN-reduced RASFs (P < 0.05). OPG mRNA levels remained unchanged. Monocytes cocultured with OPTN-reduced RASFs differentiated more into TRAP+ multinucleated-cells compared to those cocultured with control RASFs (P < 0.05). IκBα degradation and nuclear NF-κB1 expression following TNF-α treatment were prolonged in OPTN-reduced RASFs (P < 0.05). MMP3 was upregulated while GATA-3, CHST15 and HAS1 were downregulated in OPTN-reduced RASFs (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: OPTN plays a protective role in RA with its upregulation when induction by pro-inflammatory cytokines. Absence of OPTN might worsen RA by generating joint destructive state including increased RANKL expression on RASFs and subsequent osteoclast differentiation.

5.
Phytother Res ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red algae have been reported to improve lipid and glucose metabolism in rats. We investigated the effects of Palmaria palmata (P. palmata), a red alga from northern Japan, on lipid metabolism and glycemic control in participants with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: We conducted an 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and parallel-group comparison trial. The study enrolled Japanese participants with a serum low-density protein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥120 mg/dL. The participants were randomly assigned to take either capsules containing P. palmata (2 g/day) or placebo capsules. The primary endpoint was the change in LDL-C from baseline to week 8 and the secondary endpoints were the changes in other lipid parameters and glycemic control. RESULTS: Of the 104 participants completed the study protocol. There were no significant differences in change in LDL-C, body mass index, waist circumference, or glycemic control between the two groups. However, serum triglyceride showed significantly greater improvement in women in the P. palmata group (-9.0 [-25.0, +5.0]) vs. those in the placebo group (-1.0 [-11.0, +19.0]; p = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The present study did not show that P. palmata had significant effect on serum LDL-C nor glycemic control, but hypertriglyceridemia could be ameliorated by administration of P. palmata in women.

6.
Endocr J ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213734

RESUMO

Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) are complicated by metabolic syndrome more frequently than those without PA. Hyperaldosteronism has been reported to be associated with a higher prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to clarify the risk factors for hepatic steatosis in the two subtypes of PA, comparing the status of hepatic steatosis in each of these subtypes. This was a retrospective observational study. We enrolled patients with an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) (n = 33) or idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) (n = 56). Hepatic fat content was evaluated using the ratio of liver to spleen (L/S) X-ray attenuation on unenhanced computed tomography. L/S ratio <1.0 was utilized for assessing as hepatic steatosis. Age, sex distribution, visceral fat percentage (VF%), and visceral fat area (VFA) did not differ between patients with the two PA subtypes. The percentages of patients with L/S ratio <1.0 was not different between the two subtypes (APA: 21.2 % (7/33) vs. IHA: 19.6 % (11/56), p = 1.00). In both subtypes, the L/S ratio negatively correlated with VF% (APA: r = -0.66, p < 0.001; IHA: r = -0.66, p < 0.001) and with VFA (APA: r = -0.44, p < 0.01; IHA: r = -0.37, p < 0.01). The status of hepatic steatosis, evaluated using L/S ratio, did not differ between patients with APA or IHA. Hepatic steatosis was affected by the amount of visceral fat.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5648, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221385

RESUMO

This research aimed to study the application of deep learning to the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Definite criteria or direct markers for diagnosing RA are lacking. Rheumatologists diagnose RA according to an integrated assessment based on scientific evidence and clinical experience. Our novel idea was to convert various clinical information from patients into simple two-dimensional images and then use them to fine-tune a convolutional neural network (CNN) to classify RA or nonRA. We semi-quantitatively converted each type of clinical information to four coloured square images and arranged them as one image for each patient. One rheumatologist modified each patient's clinical information to increase learning data. In total, 1037 images (252 RA, 785 nonRA) were used to fine-tune a pretrained CNN with transfer learning. For clinical data (10 RA, 40 nonRA), which were independent of the learning data and were used as testing data, we compared the classification ability of the fine-tuned CNN with that of three expert rheumatologists. Our simple system could potentially support RA diagnosis and therefore might be useful for screening RA in both specialised hospitals and general clinics. This study paves the way to enabling deep learning in the diagnosis of RA.

8.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e034883, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034028

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal hypertension is clinically important for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), considering its strong correlation with cardiovascular events. We aim to test the hypothesis that the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, luseogliflozin, ameliorates nocturnal hypertension more effectively than a dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor in patients with T2D. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a multicentre, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded endpoint parallel-group trial. Sixty participants with T2D and hypertension who have been treated with a DPP-4 inhibitor for more than 4 weeks and who have a glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 6.0%-9.0% will be randomised based on age, body mass index (BMI) and HbA1c to continue taking their DPP-4 inhibitor or to switch to luseogliflozin 2.5 mg once daily for 8 weeks. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) will be performed twice at baseline and at the end of the study. All participants will continue their diet and exercise therapy, and the doses of concomitant medications will not be adjusted during the study. The primary endpoint is the effect of luseogliflozin on the mean change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) during the night, as measured by ABPM. The secondary endpoints are mean change in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) during the night, 24 hours of SBP and DBP, daytime SBP and DBP, pulse rate, BP M-value, trough SBP and DBP for 1 hour before the next dose, and other laboratory parameters. The sample size was calculated for a two-sided test at 90% power for the detection of a difference between treatments. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Ethics Review Board of Hokkaido University Hospital has approved the protocol. The results will be disseminated in peer-reviewed journals and at scientific conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: The University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN000031451); Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (jRCTs011180019); Pre-results.

9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To clarify the efficacy and safety of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) for treating adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). METHODS: This multicentre historical cohort study enrolled the consecutive patients with AOSD according to Yamaguchi classification criteria. The endpoints were set as the time from the initiation of treatment to events, the persistency rate of CNI and safety. Based on the recurrent event data analysis, these endpoints were evaluated for each event. We divided the events into two groups according to the treatment that included CNI or conventional therapy without CNI. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-eight patients with 247 events were analysed. CNI were predominantly used in 72 events with a recurrent history, typical skin rash, high ferritin levels, and/or severe complications such as macrophage activation syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, serositis, meningitis. CNI led to a significantly longer event-free survival (hazard ratio: 0.57, 95% confidential interval: 0.32-0.99) after adjustment of concomitant medications. Subgroup analysis showed that CNI were effective for AOSD patients with high ALT level (hazard ratio: 0.11, 95% confidential interval: 0.02-0.59) and severe complications (hazard ratio: 0.11, 95% confidential interval: 0.01-0.94). The persistency rate of CNI was 71% at 5th year. Adverse events occurred more frequently in the CNI group (18% versus 8%, p=0.02); however, CNI did not involve in increased risk of adverse events, including nephrotoxicity, after adjustment (p=0.23). CONCLUSIONS: Our retrospective analysis suggested that CNI could be an effective and safe option for treating AOSD.

10.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076874

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ARONJ) is a rare but serious complication in patients receiving antiresorprtive agents (AR). However, the incidence of ARONJ after tooth extraction in patients with autoimmune disease (AID) remains unclear. The present study aimed to clarify the high-risk population of ARONJ in patients with AID. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 232 patients treated with AR, AID or non-AID, who had undergone dental extraction from January 2011 to September 2017. The incidence and risk factors of ARONJ were analysed retrospectively. Additionally, the relationship between ARONJ and osteoporotic fracture (OF) and AR discontinuation during dental procedures was investigated. RESULTS: Of 232 patients, 10 developed ARONJ within 1 year of dental extraction. The incidence of ARONJ in patients with AID was higher than that in non-AID patients (2.0/100 person-year vs 0.5/100 person-year; p = 0.03). Among the AID patients, RA patients had strikingly high incidence of ARONJ (3.6/100 person-year). The incidence of neither ARONJ nor OF significantly differed between patients who continued and discontinued AR in the perioperative period. CONCLUSION: Patients with AID who undergo dental extraction are at high risk of ARONJ. Discontinuation of AR would not significantly contribute to reduce the incidence of ARONJ in those patients.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RPILD) is a major cause of death in patients with DM. Although clinically amyopathic DM (CADM) represents risk for RPILD, the incidence rate of RPILD in patients with CADM varies widely. Whole-body (WB) MRI can reveal involvement of systemic muscle and myofascia. The objective of this study was to explore the risk factors for RPILD in patients with DM using WB-MRI. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 41 patients with DM who underwent WB-MRI before the initiation of treatment in our hospital. Muscular and myofascial signals were scored on 42 muscular groups. The myofascia/muscle ratio was calculated and used to define the relevance of myofascia-dominant involvement. RPILD was defined as worsening of dyspnoea, hypoxaemia and radiographic ILD/fibrosis within 3 months from the onset of respiratory symptoms. RESULTS: Among the 41 patients, 17 had CADM and 30 had ILD, including 10 patients with RPILD. All patients including those with CADM showed abnormal signal intensity in both muscle and myofascia (median score: 15 and 23, respectively). Muscle signal scores positively correlated with the serum creatine kinase level (r = 0.714; P< 0.001). Patients with RPILD showed a significantly higher myofascia/muscle ratio than those without RPILD (1.929 vs 1.200; P= 0.027). Logistic regression analysis identified higher myofascia/muscle ratio as independent risk factors for developing RPILD. CONCLUSION: Myofascia-dominant involvement was defined and appreciated in patients with DM using WB-MRI. This may be one of the risk factors for RPILD.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of the IL-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TAK). METHODS: Patients completing the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled period of the TAKT (Takayasu arteritis Treated with Tocilizumab) trial were followed up during open-label extended treatment with weekly s.c. tocilizumab 162 mg for up to 96 weeks or longer, with oral glucocorticoid tapering performed at the investigators' discretion. Endpoints of the extension analysis included steroid-sparing effects of tocilizumab, imaging data, patient-reported outcomes (36-Item Short Form Health Survey) and safety. RESULTS: All 36 patients enrolled in the double-blind period entered the open-label extension; 28 patients received tocilizumab for 96 weeks. The median glucocorticoid dose was 0.223 mg/kg/day at the time of relapse before study entry, 0.131 mg/kg/day (interquartile range 0.099, 0.207) after 48 weeks and 0.105 mg/kg/day (interquartile range 0.039, 0.153) after 96 weeks. Overall, 46.4% of patients reduced their dose to <0.1 mg/kg/day, which was less than half the dose administered at relapse before study entry (mean difference -0.120 mg/kg/day; 95% CI -0.154, -0.087). Imaging evaluations indicated that most patients' disease was improved (17.9%) or stable (67.9%) after 96 weeks compared with baseline. Mean 36-Item Short Form Health Survey physical and mental component summary scores and 7 of 8 domain scores were clinically improved from baseline and maintained over 96 weeks of tocilizumab treatment. No unexpected safety issues were reported. CONCLUSION: These results in patients with Takayasu arteritis provide evidence of a steroid-sparing effect and improvements in well-being during long-term treatment with once-weekly tocilizumab 162 mg, with no new safety concerns. TRIAL REGISTRATION: JAPIC Clinical Trials Information, http://www.clinicaltrials.jp/user/cteSearch_e.jsp, JapicCTI-142616.

13.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 23(3): 316-324, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957303

RESUMO

AIM: The Certolizumab-Optimal Prevention of joint damage for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (C-OPERA) study demonstrated that in methotrexate (MTX)-naïve early RA patients with poor prognostic factors, 1-year certolizumab pegol (CZP) therapy added to the first year of 2-year optimized MTX therapy brings radiographic and clinical benefits through 2 years even after stopping CZP. This exploratory analysis aimed to identify factors at baseline and at CZP discontinuation associated with successful CZP discontinuation. METHODS: MTX-naïve early RA patients with poor prognostic factors entered C-OPERA (NCT01451203), a multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomized to CZP + MTX (n = 159) or PBO + MTX (n = 157); those who completed the 1-year, double-blind period received MTX alone in Year 2 (CZP + MTX→MTX, n = 108; PBO + MTX→MTX, n = 71). Association between factors at baseline or at discontinuation of CZP and clinical/radiographic outcomes were evaluated by multiple logistic regression analysis. Predictive value cut-offs were calculated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: Sex (male) and low baseline Disease Activity Score of 28 joints - erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) were associated with simple disease activity index (SDAI) remission (≤3.3), whereas high baseline DAS28-ESR and modified total Sharp score (mTSS) were associated with clinically relevant radiographic progression (yearly progression mTSS > 3) at Week 104 (across both treatment arms). Low DAS28-ESR (<2.1) and rheumatoid factor (RF; <74 IU/mL) at discontinuation of CZP were associated with SDAI remission at Week 104. At Week 104, SDAI remission was achieved by 75.0% (42/56) of patients with low DAS28-ESR and RF at discontinuation, compared to 15.4% (2/13) of patients with high DAS28-ESR and RF. CONCLUSION: Patients with low RF and low disease activity after treatment with CZP + MTX may be able to discontinue CZP without risk of loss of response.

14.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999890

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: We explored the association between fatty liver and pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction in a general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 489 (53.8% women) community-dwelling Japanese adults. The extent of fatty liver was estimated using the fatty liver index (FLI). After all participants were divided into three groups - low (FLI <30), moderate (30 ≤FLI <60) or high (FLI ≥ 60) degree of fatty liver - serum proinsulin levels transformed into natural logarithms were compared among the three groups. To determine whether obesity modified the association of interest, the participants were stratified into two groups according to the median body mass index. Next, to determine whether hyperinsulinemia modified the association of interest, a similar stratified analysis was carried out using the median serum insulin level. RESULTS: Logarithm (proinsulin) was significantly higher in the high FLI group than in the moderate and low groups, and it was significantly higher in the moderate group than in the low group after adjustment for age and sex (P < 0.05). Logarithm (proinsulin) was significantly higher in the high FLI group than in the low FLI group, regardless of body mass index, after adjustment for age and sex. A similar pattern was observed regardless of serum insulin levels. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of fatty liver was positively associated with proinsulin level, regardless of the presence of obesity or hyperinsulinemia, suggesting that fatty liver reflects pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction.

15.
Clin Immunol ; 212: 108348, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978557

RESUMO

We investigated the effect of miR-9 on fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients and animal arthritis model. The binding of miR-9 to NF-κB1 3'UTR was analyzed by luciferase reporter assay and immunoprecipitation. ChIP assay and luciferase promoter assay were performed to identify the binding of NF-κB1 to RANKL promoter and its activity. FLS were treated with miR-9/anti-miR-9 to evaluate cell proliferation and the expression of RANKL. Therapeutic effect of intra-articular miR-9 was evaluated in type-II collagen-induced arthritis in rats. miR-9 bound to the 3'-UTR of NF-κB1 and downregulated NF-κB1. NF-κB1 bound to RANKL promoter and increased the promoter activity of RANKL. RANKL was downregulated by miR-9. Proliferation of FLS was increased by miR-9 inhibitor. miR-9 dampened experimental arthritis by lowering inflammatory state, reducing RANKL and osteoclasts formation. Our findings revealed miR-9-NF-κB1-RANKL pathway in RA-FLS, further, miR-9 ameliorated inflammatory arthritis in vivo which propose therapeutic implications of miR- 9 in RA.

16.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(2): 276-281, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789096

RESUMO

Objectives: To analyze the effects of tocilizumab on peripheral B-cell subpopulation and its ability to produce anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods: Thirteen consecutive RA patients initiated with tocilizumab were enrolled in our prospective study. Anti-CCP antibody titers and clinical parameters were evaluated during treatment. Peripheral blood B-cell subsets were analyzed using flow cytometry according to the Human Immunology Project.Results: Disease activity was significantly improved and anti-CCP antibody titers significantly decreased at week 24 compared to baseline. The percentages of post-switch memory B cells in CD19+ cells transiently increased at week 12, but there was no significant difference in any of the investigated B-cell subpopulations at week 24 compared to baseline. The ratios of post-switch memory to naïve B cells (post-switch/naïve) correlated negatively with anti-CCP antibody titers regardless of the time-points.Conclusion: Our study indicated that tocilizumab has a potential to reduce anti-CCP antibody production presumably by affecting post-switch/naïve ratio, and that anti-CCP antibody titers reflect B-cell distribution/subpopulation. As anti-CCP antibodies are produced in lymph nodes or ectopic lymphoid structures in synovial tissues, not in circulation, transient increment of post-switch memory B cells after tocilizumab treatment may reflect the altered balance of B-cell distribution between circulation and arthritic joints, resulting in suppressed production of anti-CCP antibody in situ.

17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(3): 622-633, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with CTD is a heterogeneous condition affected by left heart disease, chronic lung disease and thromboembolism as well as pulmonary vascular disease. Recent studies using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) have shown that right ventricular dysfunction is predictive for mortality in patients with PH, but limited to pulmonary arterial hypertension. This study aimed to analyse prognostic factors in PH-CTD. METHODS: This retrospective analysis comprised 84 CTD patients, including SSc, who underwent both CMR and right heart catheterization from 2008 to 2018. Demographics, laboratory findings, and haemodynamic and morphological parameters were extracted. The prognostic value of each parameter was evaluated by multivariate analysis using covariables derived from propensity score to control confounding factors. RESULTS: Of 84 patients, 65 had right heart catheterization-confirmed PH (54 pulmonary arterial hypertension, 11 non-pulmonary arterial hypertension). Nine out of these PH patients died during a median follow-up period of 25 months. In 65 patients with PH, right ventricular end-diastolic dimension index (RVEDDI) evaluated by CMR was independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio 1.24; 95% CI: 1.08-1.46; P = 0.003). In a receiver operating characteristic analysis, RVEDDI highly predicted mortality, with area under the curve of 0.87. The 0.5-2-year follow-up data revealed that RVEDDI in both survivors and non-survivors did not significantly change over the clinical course, leading to the possibility that an early determination of RVEDDI could predict the prognosis. CONCLUSION: RVEDDI simply evaluated by CMR could serve as a significant predictor of mortality in PH-CTD. A further validation cohort study is needed to confirm its usability.

18.
J Diabetes Investig ; 11(1): 75-79, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222973

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: We investigated associations between glucose tolerance and ß-cell function using a series of estimation methods in a population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Dynamics of Lifestyle and Neighborhood Community on Health Study were analyzed. A total of 489 participants (263 women) were divided into three groups: normal glucose tolerance (NGT), prediabetes (PDM) and diabetes group. We estimated ß-cell function by the homeostasis model assessment of ß-cell function, proinsulin level (PI), C-peptide index, proinsulin-to-C-peptide ratio (PI/CPR) and proinsulin-to-insulin ratio. Because data on all five parameters of ß-cell function showed skewed distributions, the values of these parameters were normalized by natural logarithmic (ln) transformation. Next, the association between glucose tolerance and ß-cell function among participants without diabetes was examined. In this analysis, glucose tolerance was assessed based on glycated hemoglobin levels. RESULTS: In the crude analysis, ln(PI) and ln(PI/CPR) were significantly higher in the diabetes group than those in the PDM and NGT groups, and these parameters were significantly higher in the PDM group than in the NGT group. Only ln(PI) in the PDM group was significantly higher compared with that in the NGT group after adjustment for age, sex and body mass index (ln[PI]: PDM group 2.38 pmol/L, 95% confidence interval 2.29-2.47 pmol/L; NGT group 2.17 pmol/L, 95% confidence interval 2.12-2.22 pmol/L; P < 0.05). In addition, ln(PI) levels were significantly and positively correlated with glycated hemoglobin quartile in participants without diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that PI was the most sensitive to reflect glucose intolerance.

19.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(1): 116-124, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557100

RESUMO

Objectives: Thrombocytopenia is frequently observed in antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) carriers. Due to the paradoxical risks of thrombosis and hemorrhage, the management of aPL-associated thrombocytopenia (APAT) is often deductive. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of therapeutic approaches for APAT through a systematic review.Methods: Four therapeutic approaches for APAT, including antiplatelet agents, glucocorticoids, splenectomy and thrombopoietin receptor agonists, were selected. Clinical trials evaluating therapeutic outcomes including the remission, complications, mortality and relapse, were searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL from the inception dates to 28 November 2016. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random-effects models.Results: Out of 1407 papers, eight controlled clinical trials were included. In patients with APAT, the remission rates were higher in patients on glucocorticoids (RR 8.33 [95% CI 3.07-22.6]) or splenectomy (RR 8.37 [95% CI 1.61-43.7]) than in patients without those treatments. There was no significant association between glucocorticoids and thrombosis (RR 1.57 [95% CI, 0.17-14.9]) or between splenectomy and hemorrhage (RR 0.17 [95% CI 0.02-1.28]). The extracted data of mortality and relapse rate were not available for synthesis.Conclusion: Glucocorticoids or splenectomy seemed suitable therapeutic approaches for APAT.

20.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(1): 93-100, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791804

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the safety of sifalimumab in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods: This phase 2, open-label study consisted of a 52-week initial stage (Stage I) and a long-term extension (Stage II). In Stage I, sequential cohorts of patients received ascending doses of sifalimumab (intravenous [IV] 1.0, 3.0, and 10.0 mg/kg or subcutaneous 100 mg every 2 weeks; IV 600 and 1200 mg every 6 weeks). In Stage II, patients enrolled before June 2012 received the same dose of sifalimumab as during Stage I for up to 157 weeks or sifalimumab 600 mg IV every 4 weeks if they enrolled later. The safety of sifalimumab was assessed by adverse events (AEs).Results: Thirty patients enrolled in Stage I and 21 patients entered Stage II. The majority of patients experienced AEs (96.7% in Stage I and 100% in Stage II); most were mild or moderate in severity. Serious AEs occurred in 30.0% and 57.1% of patients in Stage I and II, respectively; most were instances of SLE flares. The proportion of patients in Stage I and II who had AEs leading to discontinuation was 10.0% and 28.6%, respectively.Conclusion: Sifalimumab was well tolerated in Japanese patients with SLE.

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