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1.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(8): 944-954, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate incidence, clinical significance, and predictors of early ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) recipients. BACKGROUND: LVAD implantation is increasingly used in patients with end-stage heart failure. Early VAs may occur during the 30-day post-operative period, but many questions remain unanswered regarding their incidence and clinical impact. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in 19 centers between 2006 and 2016. Early VAs were defined as sustained ventricular tachycardia and/or ventricular fibrillation occurring <30 days post-LVAD implantation and requiring appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy, external electrical shock, or medical therapy. RESULTS: A total of 652 patients (median age: 59.8 years; left ventricular ejection fraction: 20.7 ± 7.4%; HeartMate 2: 72.8%; HeartWare: 19.5%; Jarvik 2000: 7.7%) were included in the analysis. Early VAs occurred in 162 patients (24.8%), most frequently during the first week after LVAD implantation. Multivariable analysis identified history of VAs prior to LVAD and any combined surgery with LVAD as 2 predictors of early VAs. The occurrence of early VAs with electrical storm was the strongest predictor of 30-day post-operative mortality, associated with a 7-fold increase of 30-day mortality. However, in patients discharged alive from hospital, occurrence of early VAs did not influence long-term survival. CONCLUSIONS: Early VAs are common after LVAD implantation and increase 30-day post-operative mortality, without affecting long-term survival. Further studies will be needed to analyze whether pre- or pre-operative ablation of VAs may improve post-operative outcomes. (Determination of Risk Factors of Ventricular Arrhythmias After Implantation of Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device With Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device [ASSIST-ICD]; NCT02873169).

2.
Heart Rhythm ; 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) can occur after continuous flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation as a single arrhythmic event or as electrical storm (ES) with multiple repetitive VA episodes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at analyzing the incidence, predictors, and clinical impact of ES in LVAD recipients. METHODS: Patients analyzed were those included in the multicenter ASSIST-ICD observational study. ES was consensually defined as occurrence of ≥3 separate episodes of sustained VAs within a 24-hour interval. RESULTS: Of 652 patients with an LVAD, 61 (9.4%) presented ES during a median follow-up period of 9.1 (interquartile range [IQR] 2.5-22.1) months. The first ES occurred after 17 (IQR 4.0-56.2) days post LVAD implantation, most of them during the first month after the device implantation (62.9%). The incidence then tended to decrease during the initial years of follow-up and increased again after the third year post LVAD implantation. History of VAs before LVAD implantation and heart failure duration > 84 months were independent predictors of ES. The occurrence of ES was associated with an increased early mortality since 20 patients (32.8%) died within the first 2 weeks of ES. Twenty-two patients (36.1%) presented at least 1 recurrence of ES, occurring 43.0 (IQR 8.0-69.0) days after the initial ES. Patients experiencing ES had a significantly lower 1-year survival rate than did those free from ES (log-rank, P = .039). CONCLUSION: There is a significant incidence of ES in patients with an LVAD. The short-term mortality after ES is high, and one-third of patients will die within 15 days. Whether radiofrequency ablation of arrhythmias improves outcomes would require further studies.

3.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248830

RESUMO

The intra-aortic balloon pump has been widely used in the management of cardiogenic shock. Reducing cardiac afterload and myocardial oxygen consumption, and improving coronary blood flow, this safe and simple mechanical circulatory support has been considered the cornerstone of cardiogenic shock management for decades. However, because it failed to provide any clinical benefit in recent randomized trials, the latest guidelines discourage its routine use in this clinical setting. Moreover, new percutaneous circulatory supports providing greater haemodynamic improvement have recently been developed. Thus, intra-aortic balloon pump use has declined considerably in this clinical setting. However, the device does retain a minor role in cardiogenic shock management - mainly in the setting of mechanical complication of acute coronary syndrome, and for left ventricular unloading in patients treated with extracorporeal life support.

4.
Am Heart J ; 214: 69-76, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)-associated infections may be life-threatening and impact patients' outcome. We aimed to identify the characteristics, risk factors, and prognosis of LVAD-associated infections. METHODS: Patients included in the ASSIST-ICD study (19 centers) were enrolled. The main outcome was the occurrence of LVAD-associated infection (driveline infection, pocket infection, or pump/cannula infection) during follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 652 patients enrolled, 201 (30.1%) presented a total of 248 LVAD infections diagnosed 6.5 months after implantation, including 171 (26.2%), 51 (7.8%), and 26 (4.0%) percutaneous driveline infection, pocket infection, or pump/cannula infection, respectively. Patients with infections were aged 58.7 years, and most received HeartMate II (82.1%) or HeartWare (13.4%). Most patients (62%) had implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) before LVAD, and 104 (16.0%) had ICD implantation, extraction, or replacement after the LVAD surgery. Main pathogens found among the 248 infections were Staphylococcus aureus (n = 113' 45.4%), Enterobacteriaceae (n = 61; 24.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 34; 13.7%), coagulase-negative staphylococci (n = 13; 5.2%), and Candida species (n = 13; 5.2%). In multivariable analysis, HeartMate II (subhazard ratio, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.36; P = .031) and ICD-related procedures post-LVAD (subhazard ratio, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.03-1.98; P = .031) were significantly associated with LVAD infections. Infections had no detrimental impact on survival. CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular assist device-associated infections affect one-third of LVAD recipients, mostly related to skin pathogens and gram-negative bacilli, with increased risk with HeartMate II as compared with HeartWare, and in patients who required ICD-related procedures post-LVAD. This is a plea to better select patients needing ICD implantation/replacement after LVAD implantation.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(9): 1501-1509, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777318

RESUMO

Transfemoral approach stands as the reference access-route for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Nonetheless, alternatives approaches are still needed in a significant proportion of patients. This study aimed at comparing outcomes between transthoracic-approach (transapical or transaortic) and transarterial-approach (transcarotid or subclavian) TAVI. Data from 191 consecutive patients who underwent surgical-approach TAVI from May 2009 to September 2017 were analyzed. Patients were allocated in 2 groups according to the approach. The primary end point was the 30-day composite of death of any cause, need for open surgery, tamponade, stroke, major or life-threatening bleeding, stage 2 or 3 acute kidney injury, coronary obstruction, or major vascular complications. During the study period, 104 patients underwent transthoracic TAVI (transapical: 60.6%, transaortic: 39.4%) whereas 87 patients underwent transarterial TAVI (subclavian: 83.9%, transcarotid: 16.1%). Logistic EuroSCORE I tended to be higher in transthoracic-TAVI recipients. In-hospital and 30-day composite end point rates were 25.0% and 11.5% (p = 0.025), and 26.0% and 14.9% (p = 0.075) for the transthoracic and transarterial cohorts, respectively. Propensity score-adjusted logistic regression demonstrated no significant detrimental association between the 30-day composite end point and transthoracic access (odds ratio 2.12 95% confidence interval 0.70 to 6.42; p = 0.18). Transarterial TAVI was associated with a shorter length of stay (median: 6 vs 7 days, p <0.001). TAVI approach was not an independent predictor of midterm mortality. In conclusion, nontransfemoral transarterial-approach TAVI is safe, feasible, and associated with comparable rates of major perioperative complications, and midterm mortality compared with transthoracic-approach TAVI.

6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(24): 3177-3188, 2018 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545456

RESUMO

Idiopathic or iatrogenic left bundle branch block (LBBB) is a unique model of electro-mechanical ventricular dyssynchrony with concordant changes in electrical activation sequence and mechanical ventricle synchronization. In chronic animal models, isolated LBBB induces structural remodeling with progressive left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Most abnormalities can be reverted after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In humans, 2 principal models of LBBB dyssynchronopathy can be observed: the chronic model of isolated LBBB and an acute iatrogenic model of new-onset LBBB after aortic valve interventions. Although epidemiological evidence and clinical data need to be strengthened, there is a strong presumption that they may lead to LBBB-induced cardiomyopathy and benefit from CRT to prevent progression to heart failure. A large cohort study with prospective follow-up would be required to better define actual incidence, evolution over time, and predisposing factors. Parallel randomized CRT clinical trials should be conducted in selected at-risk populations: namely, patients with persistent LBBB after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

7.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(9): e007038, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on long-term outcomes after valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine the long-term clinical outcomes and structural valve degeneration (SVD) over time in patients undergoing ViV-TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing ViV-TAVR in 9 centers between 2009 and 2015 were included. Patients were followed yearly, and clinical and echocardiography data were collected prospectively. SVD was defined as subclinical (increase >10 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient+decrease >0.3 cm2 in valve area or new-onset mild or moderate aortic regurgitation) and clinically relevant (increase >20 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient+decrease >0.6 cm2 in valve area or new-onset moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation). A total of 116 patients (mean age, 76±11 years; 64.7% male; mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, 8.0±5.1%) were included. Balloon- and self-expandable valves were used in 47.9% and 52.1% of patients, respectively, and 30-day mortality was 6.9%. At a median follow-up of 3 years (range, 2-7 years), 30 patients (25.9%) had died, 20 of them (17.2%) from cardiovascular causes. Average mean transvalvular gradients remained stable up to 5-year follow-up ( P=0.92), but clinically relevant SVD occurred in 3/99 patients (3.0%), and 15/99 patients (15.1%) had subclinical SVD. One patient with SVD had redo ViV-TAVR. CONCLUSIONS: About one-fourth of ViV-TAVR recipients had died after a median follow-up of 3 years. Overall valve hemodynamics remained stable over time and clinically relevant SVD was infrequent, but 1 out of 10 patients exhibited some degree of SVD.

8.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(10): 1315-1321, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30246257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of pacemaker (PM) implantations is constantly growing. Since life expectancy of the population is projected to increase, a large number of nonagenarian patients will need PM implantation. We aimed at analyzing short- and long-term outcomes after PM implantation in nonagenarians. METHODS: Patients aged ≥90 years referred for PM implantation from 2004 to 2017 were included. The primary clinical endpoint was total mortality. Secondary endpoints included procedure-related and in-hospital complications. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients were included (92.6 ± 2.1 years, from 90.0 to 101.4 years). Procedure duration was 50.0 ± 19.7 minutes. Most of the patients had VVI devices implanted (143 pts, 83.1%) and mean hospital stay was 3.5 ± 1.5 days. Nine patients (5.2%) had short-term device-related complications and 29 patients (16.8%) had post-procedural complications, non-related to the implantation, including four leading to patients' death. During a follow-up of 22.5 months (interquartile range: 7.3-38.0), 94 patients (54.7%) died. Survival rates were 82.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 76.0-88.0), 73.7% (95% CI: 65.7-80.1) and 37.5% (95% CI: 27.5-47.5) after 1, 2, and 5 years, respectively. The Charlson comorbidity index was a predictive factor of procedural complications (odds ratio = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.05-1.69, P = 0.02) while having a complication (hazard ratio [HR] = 4.04; 95% CI: 1.79-9.11, P = 0.001) and atrial fibrillation (HR = 1.63; 95% CI: [1.02-2.63], P = 0.043) were predictors of post-implantation death. CONCLUSION: PM implantation in nonagenarians is safe, with a low risk of procedural complications, but many comorbidities-related complications can occur. Caution should be taken in this old and frail population since complications significantly impact patients' survival.

9.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(19): 1956-1965, 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the current practices and compare outcomes according to the use of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) or not during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Since its development, aortic valve pre-dilatation has been an essential step of TAVR procedures. However, the feasibility of TAVR without systematic BAV has been described. METHODS: TAVR performed in 48 centers across France between January 2013 and December 2015 were prospectively included in the FRANCE TAVI (Registry of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses Established by Catheter) registry. We compared outcomes according to BAV during the TAVR procedure. RESULTS: A total of 5,784 patients have been included in our analysis, corresponding to 2,579 (44.6%) with BAV avoidance and 3,205 (55.4%) patients with BAV performed. We observed a progressive decline in the use of BAV over time (78% of procedures in 2013 and 49% in the last trimester of 2015). Avoidance of BAV was associated with similar device implantation success (97.3% vs. 97.6%; p = 0.40). TAVR procedures without BAV were quicker (fluoroscopy 17.2 ± 9.1 vs. 18.5 ± 8.8 min; p < 0.01) and used lower amounts of contrast (131.5 ± 61.6 vs. 141.6 ± 61.5; p < 0.01) and radiation (608.9 ± 576.3 vs. 667.0 ± 631.3; p < 0.01). The rates of moderate to severe aortic regurgitation were lower with avoidance of BAV (8.3% vs. 12.2%; p < 0.01) and tamponade rates (1.5% vs. 2.3%; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed that TAVR without BAV is frequently performed in France with good procedural results. This procedure is associated with procedural simplification and lower rates of residual aortic regurgitation.

10.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 4(9): 1166-1175, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, clinical impact, and predictors of late ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) recipients aiming to clarify implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) indications. BACKGROUND: The arrhythmic risk and need for ICD in patients implanted with an LVAD are not very well known. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in 19 centers between 2006 and 2016. Late VAs were defined as sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation occurring >30 days post-LVAD implantation, without acute reversible cause and requiring appropriate ICD therapy, external electrical shock, or medical therapy. RESULTS: Among 659 LVAD recipients, 494 (median 58.9 years of age; mean left ventricular ejection fraction 20.7 ± 7.4%; 73.1% HeartMate II, 18.6% HeartWare, 8.3% Jarvik 2000) were discharged alive from hospital and included in the final analysis. Late VAs occurred in 133 (26.9%) patients. Multivariable analysis identified 6 independent predictors of late VAs: VAs before LVAD implantation, atrial fibrillation before LVAD implantation, idiopathic etiology of the cardiomyopathy, heart failure duration >12 months, early VAs (<30 days post-LVAD), and no angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors during follow-up. The "VT-LVAD score" was created, identifying 4 risk groups: low (score 0 to 1), intermediate (score 2 to 4), high (score 5 to 6), and very high (score 7 to 10). The rates of VAs at 1 year were 0.0%, 8.0%, 31.0% and 55.0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Late VAs are common after LVAD implantation. The VT-LVAD score may help to identify patients at risk of late VAs and guide ICD indications in previously nonimplanted patients. (Determination of Risk Factors of Ventricular Arrhythmias [VAs] after implantation of continuous flow left ventricular assist device with continuous flow left ventricular assist device [CF-LVAD] [ASSIST-ICD]; NCT02873169).

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(8): 1387-1393, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30107906

RESUMO

Minimized length of hospitalization (LoS) and lower risk of hospitalization-related complications are key requirements in the treatment of aortic valve disease, mainly in the elderly candidates. Our objective was to evaluate evolution of LoS after surgical (SAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and its predictors. We enrolled 1,849 elderly (aged >75) patients receiving SAVR or TAVI from 2009 to 2016. In the surgical cohort (n = 1,006) the mean LoS slightly decreased from 13.81 ± 9.27 days (2009) to 10.96 ± 3.77 (2016); in the TAVI cohort (n = 843), LoS passed from 13.33 ± 9.17 (2009) to 6.21 ± 4.30 days (2016). All-cause mortality at 1 month was 3.77 % (SAVR) versus 4.7% (TAVI) (p >0.05). Among Transfemoral TAVI (TF, n = 681), and Transsubclavian TAVI (TS, n = 62), average LoS was comparable (7.38 days ± 7.11 vs 7.31 ± 4.32; median 6.0 and 6.0 days, p = 0.07). Procedural success was reached in 93% (TF) and in 85.4% (TS) (p = 0.20). There were no meaningful differences among TF and TS in terms of VARC-2 postprocedural morbidity, except for the rate of vascular access-related complications; these occurred in 8.8% of cases in the TF group versus 1.6% in the TS group (p = 0.05). In conclusion the present analysis showed a faster improvement in terms of LoS for TAVI compared with SAVR over 8 years of activity. The 2 strategies presented comparable all-causes mortality at 30 days. LoS, rates of procedural success and complications were comparable among TF and TS TAVI; nonetheless, vascular access-related complications were more frequent in the TF cohort. This suggests the validity of the TS route as an alternative to the TF approach.

12.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(4): 625-632, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064863

RESUMO

Controversial data exist on clinical outcomes of patients with paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (PLF-LG-AS) undergoing valve replacement. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and treatment futility in patients with paradoxical low-flow (PLF), low-gradient (LG) severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). A total of 493 patients with severe symptomatic AS and preserved ejection fraction (>50%) undergoing TAVI were included. Patients were divided in two groups: high gradient AS group (HG-AS; mean gradient ≥40 mm Hg and stroke volume index >35 ml/m2, n = 396); and PLF, LG AS group (PLF-LG-AS; mean AV gradient <40 mm Hg and indexed stroke volume ≤35 ml/m2, n = 97). The primary endpoint was treatment futility defined as death or poor functional status (New York Heart Association class III and/or IV) at 6-month follow-up. There were no differences in mortality between groups (PLF-LG-AS: 5%, HG: 8%; adjusted odds ratio (OR): 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI):0.29 to 2.46), but PLF-LG-AS patients remained more frequently in New York Heart Association class III to IV (20% vs 8% in the HG group, adjusted OR: 2.46, 95% CI:1.19 to 5.07). TAVI treatment futility was more frequent in the PLF-LG-AS group (24% vs 14%, adjusted OR: 1.90 [1.01 to 3.57]), and patients with PLF-LG-AS exhibited a higher rate of rehospitalization for cardiovascular causes (9% vs 5%, adjusted OR: 2.95, 95% CI:1.08 to 8.09). Previous myocardial infarction and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were associated with treatment futility (p< 0.03 for both). In conclusion, TAVI was a futile treatment in one fourth of patients with PLF-LG-AS. These results underscore the complexity and need for improving the clinical decision-making process and management of patients with PLF-LG-AS.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30039720

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Minimally invasive trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as a treatment of choice for high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. However, the planning of TAVI procedures would greatly benefit from automation to speed up, secure and guide the deployment of the prosthetic valve. We propose a hybrid approach allowing the computation of relevant anatomical measurements along with an enhanced visualization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After an initial step of centerline detection and aorta segmentation, model-based and statistical-based methods are used in combination with 3 D active contour models to exploit the complementary aspects of these methods and automatically detect aortic leaflets and coronary ostia locations. Important anatomical measurements are then derived from these landmarks. RESULTS: A validation on 50 patients showed good precision with respect to expert sizing for the ascending aorta diameter calculation (2.2 ± 2.1 mm), the annulus diameter (1.31 ± 0.75 mm), and both the right and left coronary ostia detection (1.96 ± 0.87 mm and 1.80 ± 0.74 mm, respectively). The visualization is enhanced thanks to the aorta and aortic root segmentation, the latter showing good agreement with manual expert delineation (Jaccard index: 0.96 ± 0.03). CONCLUSION: This pipeline is promising and could greatly facilitate TAVI planning.

14.
Int Med Case Rep J ; 11: 121-124, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29861645

RESUMO

Guidelines for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) have been established, but there may be a subgroup of patients not identified in these guidelines who may benefit from this therapy. We report a patient with a dynamic left ventricular dyssynchrony and severe mitral regurgitation caused by exercise successfully treated with CRT. Exercise testing should be considered in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <35% and QRS <130 ms with severe heart failure symptoms that are unexplained by rest echocardiography evaluation in order to rule out ischemia and/or dynamic left ventricular dyssynchrony. In the presence of exercise-induced left ventricular bundle branch block, the implantation of CRT should be contemplated.

15.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2018 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29908713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs) have been used routinely since the 1970s. Recently, large randomized trials failed to show that IABP therapy has meaningful benefit, and international recommendations downgraded its place, particularly in cardiogenic shock. AIMS: The aim of this registry was to describe the contemporary use of IABP therapy, in light of these new data. METHODS: This prospective multicentre registry included 172 patients implanted with an IABP in 19 French cardiac centres in 2015. Baseline characteristics, aetiologies leading to IABP use, and IABP-related and disease-related complications were assessed. In-hospital and 1-year mortality rates were studied. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients were included (mean age 65.5±12.0 years; 118 men [68.6%]). The reasons for IABP implantation were mainly haemodynamic (n=107; 62.2%), followed by bridge to revascularization (n=34; 19.8%) and four other "rare" aetiologies (n=29 patients; 16.8%). In-hospital and 1-year mortality rates were 40.7% and 45.8%, respectively. Fourteen patients (8.1%) experienced ischaemic or haemorrhagic complications, which were directly related to the IABP in seven patients (4.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite current international guidelines regarding the place of IABPs in ischaemic cardiogenic shock without mechanical complications, this aetiology remains the leading cause for its utilization in the contemporary era.

16.
Eur Heart J ; 39(22): 2090-2102, 2018 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29554243

RESUMO

Aims: To derive and validate a readily useable risk score to identify patients at high-risk of in-hospital ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)-related cardiogenic shock (CS). Methods and results: In all, 6838 patients without CS on admission and treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI), included in the Observatoire Régional Breton sur l'Infarctus (ORBI), served as a derivation cohort, and 2208 patients included in the obseRvatoire des Infarctus de Côte-d'Or (RICO) constituted the external validation cohort. Stepwise multivariable logistic regression was used to build the score. Eleven variables were independently associated with the development of in-hospital CS: age >70 years, prior stroke/transient ischaemic attack, cardiac arrest upon admission, anterior STEMI, first medical contact-to-pPCI delay >90 min, Killip class, heart rate >90/min, a combination of systolic blood pressure <125 mmHg and pulse pressure <45 mmHg, glycaemia >10 mmol/L, culprit lesion of the left main coronary artery, and post-pPCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade <3. The score derived from these variables allowed the classification of patients into four risk categories: low (0-7), low-to-intermediate (8-10), intermediate-to-high (11-12), and high (≥13). Observed in-hospital CS rates were 1.3%, 6.6%, 11.7%, and 31.8%, across the four risk categories, respectively. Validation in the RICO cohort demonstrated in-hospital CS rates of 3.1% (score 0-7), 10.6% (score 8-10), 18.1% (score 11-12), and 34.1% (score ≥13). The score demonstrated high discrimination (c-statistic of 0.84 in the derivation cohort, 0.80 in the validation cohort) and adequate calibration in both cohorts. Conclusion: The ORBI risk score provides a readily useable and efficient tool to identify patients at high-risk of developing CS during hospitalization following STEMI, which may aid in further risk-stratification and thus potentially facilitate pre-emptive clinical decision making.

18.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(3): 162-169, mar. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172198

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La cronología y la evolución de los trastornos de conducción (TdC) asociados con el implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica (TAVI) expandible con balón son poco conocidas. Este estudio examina la cronología de los TdC y el impacto de la valvuloplastia aórtica con balón (VAB) en su persistencia. Métodos: Se incluyó a 347 pacientes, y a 75 de ellos se les realizó una monitorización continua durante la TAVI y un electrocardiograma de 6 derivaciones en cada paso del procedimiento. Resultados: En los pacientes monitorizados, se registraron 48 (64%) bloqueos de rama izquierda (BRI) y 16 (21,3%) bloqueos auriculoventriculares completos, de los que el 51,5% apareció antes de implantar la válvula. Los BRI que aparecieron antes del implante valvular persistieron con mayor frecuencia al alta (el 53,8 frente al 22,7%; p = 0,028) y en el seguimiento a 30 días (el 38,5 frente al 13,6%; p = 0,054). Se realizó una VAB en 264 de los 347 pacientes (76,1%). En total, 78 pacientes (22,5%) presentaron un BRI o bloqueo auriculoventricular completo que requirió marcapasos permanente. Un BRI persistente o el bloqueo auriculoventricular no resuelto se observó más frecuentemente entre los pacientes con VAB (el 76,1 frente al 47,6%; p = 0,021), y la VAB se asoció con la persistencia del TdC (OR = 3,5; IC95%, 1,17-10,43; p = 0,021). Conclusiones: Más de la mitad de los TdC observados después de una TAVI ocurren antes del implante de la válvula. La aparición precoz de los TdC se asocia con una mayor persistencia del mismo a los 30 días. El uso de VAB se asocia con un aumento del riesgo de persistencia de los TdC (AU)


Introduction and objectives: Little is known about the timing of onset and outcome of conduction abnormalities (CA) following balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The aim of this study was to examine the timing of CA and determine the impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) on the persistence of these abnormalities. Methods: A total of 347 patients were included. Of these, 75 had a continuous electrocardiogram recording and a 6-lead electrocardiogram at each step of the procedure. Results: In the transcatheter aortic valve implantation population undergoing continuous electrocardiogram monitoring, new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) or third-degree atrioventricular block occurred in 48 (64%) and 16 (21.3%) patients, with 51.5% of CA occurring before valve implantation. Left bundle branch block persisted more frequently at hospital discharge (53.8 vs 22.7%; P = .028) and at 1-month follow-up (38.5 vs 13.6%; P = .054) when occurring before valve implantation. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty prior to valve implantation was used in 264 (76.1%) patients, and 78 (22.5%) had persistent LBBB or complete atrioventricular block requiring pacemaker implantation. Persistent LBBB or unresolved atrioventricular block at 1 month occurred more frequently in the BAV group (76.1 vs 47.6%; P = .021), and the use of BAV was associated with a lack of CA resolution (OR, 3.5; 95%CI, 1.17-10.43; P = .021). Conclusions: In patients undergoing a balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation, more than half of CA occurred before valve implantation. Early occurrence of CA was associated with a higher rate of persistence at 1-month follow-up. The use of BAV was associated with an increased risk of CA persistence (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valvuloplastia com Balão/métodos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Marca-Passo Artificial/tendências , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/cirurgia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Valvuloplastia com Balão/estatística & dados numéricos , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Análise Estatística
19.
Heart ; 104(10): 814-820, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in transvalvular gradients and the incidence of valve haemodynamic deterioration (VHD) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), according to use of anticoagulation therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre study included 2466 patients (46% men; mean age 81±7 years) who underwent TAVR with echocardiography performed at 12-month follow-up. Anticoagulation therapy was used in 707 patients (28.7%) following TAVR (AC group). A total of 663 patients received vitamin K antagonists, and 44 patients received direct oral anticoagulants. A propensity score matching analysis was performed to adjust for intergroup (AC vs non-AC post-TAVR) differences. A total of 622 patients per group were included in the propensity-matched analysis. VHD was defined as a ≥10 mm Hg increase in the mean transprosthetic gradient at follow-up (vs hospital discharge). The mean clinical follow-up was 29±18 months. The mean transvalvular gradient significantly increased at follow-up in the non-AC group within the global cohort (P=0.003), whereas it remained stable over time in the AC group (P=0.323). The incidence of VHD was significantly lower in the AC group (0.6%) compared with the non-AC group (3.7%, P<0.001), and these significant differences remained within the propensity-matched populations (0.6% vs 3.9% in the AC and non-AC groups, respectively, P<0.001). The occurrence of VHD did not associate with an increased risk of all-cause death (P=0.468), cardiovascular death (P=0.539) or stroke (P=0.170) at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of anticoagulation therapy post-TAVR was associated with significant increments in transvalvular gradients and a greater risk of VHD. VHD was subclinical in most cases and did not associate with major adverse clinical events. Future randomised trials are needed to determine if systematic anticoagulation therapy post-TAVR would reduce the incidence of VHD.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 262: 1-8, 2018 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29478726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women show greater mortality after acute myocardial infarction. We decided to investigate whether gender affects delays and impacts in-hospital mortality in a large population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a patient-level analysis of 7 French MI registries from different regions from January 2005 to December 2012. All patients with acute STEMI were included within 12 h from symptom onset and a first medical contact with a mobile intensive care unit an emergency department of a hospital with percutaneous coronary intervention facility. Primary study outcomes were STEMI, patient and system, delays. Secondary outcome was in-hospital mortality. 16,733 patients were included with 4021 females (24%). Women were significantly older (mean age 70.6 vs 60.6), with higher diabetes (19.6% vs 15.4%) and hypertension rates (58.7% vs 38.8%). Patient delay was longer in women with adjusted mean difference of 14.4 min (p < 0.001); system delay did not differ. In-hospital death occurred 3 times more in women. This disadvantage persisted strongly adjusting for age, therapeutic strategy and delay with a 1.85 (1.32-2.61) adjusted hazard ratio. CONCLUSIONS: This overview of 16,733 real-life consecutive STEMI patients in prospective registries over an extensive period strongly indicates gender-related discrepancies, highlighting clinically relevant delays in seeking medical attention. However, higher in-hospital mortality was not totally explained by clinical characteristics or delays. Dedicated studies of specific mechanisms underlying this female disadvantage are mandatory to reduce this gender gap.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Sistema de Registros , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
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