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1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371946

RESUMO

Nutrient sensing plays important roles in promoting satiety and maintaining good homeostatic control. Taste receptors (TAS) are located through the gastrointestinal tract, and recent studies have shown they have a relationship with metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze the jejunal expression of TAS1R2, TAS1R3, TAS2R14 and TAS2R38 in women with morbid obesity, first classified according to metabolic syndrome presence (MetS; n = 24) or absence (non-MetS; n = 45) and then classified according to hepatic histology as normal liver (n = 28) or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (n = 41). Regarding MetS, we found decreased expression of TAS2R14 in MetS patients. However, when we subclassified patients according to liver histology, we did not find differences between groups. We found negative correlations between glucose levels, triglycerides and MetS with TAS1R3 expression. Moreover, TAS2R14 jejunal expression correlated negatively with the presence of MetS and ghrelin levels and positively with the jejunal Toll-like receptor (TLR)4, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, and interleukin (IL)-10 levels. Furthermore, TAS2R38 expression correlated negatively with TLR9 jejunal expression and IL-6 levels and positively with TLR4 levels. Our findings suggest that metabolic dysfunctions such as MetS trigger downregulation of the intestinal TASs. Therefore, taste receptors modulation could be a possible therapeutic target for metabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Jejuno/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Paladar , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/patologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198988

RESUMO

Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5), an antagonist of the noncanonical WNT pathway, has a controversial role in liver disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the role of SFRP5 and the noncanonical WNT pathway in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Plasma SFRP5 levels were determined by ELISA in women with normal weight (NW; n = 20) and morbid obesity (MO; n = 69). Women with MO were subclassified according to hepatic histology into normal liver (NL; n = 28), NAFLD (n = 41) (simple steatosis (SS; n = 24), and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH; n = 17)). We used RT-qPCR to evaluate the hepatic mRNA expression of SFRP5, WNT5A, and JNK in women with MO. SFRP5 levels were lower in NW than in MO patients who underwent a very low-calorie diet before surgery. Hepatic SFRP5 mRNA expression was higher in SS than in NL or NASH; additionally, patients with hepatic inflammation or ballooning presented lower SFRP5 abundance. WNT5A and JNK expression was enhanced in NAFLD compared with NL. In conclusion, circulating SFRP5 levels depend on the diet, and hepatic SFRP5 seems to have a protective role in the first steps of NAFLD; however, SFRP5 could be deregulated in an advanced stage while WNT5A and JNK are activated, promoting liver damage.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/sangue , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Índice de Massa Corporal , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteína Wnt-5a/metabolismo
3.
Metabolites ; 11(6)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200577

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest a link between pro-neurotensin (pro-NT) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the published data are conflicting. Thus, we aimed to analyze pro-NT levels in women with morbid obesity (MO) and NAFLD to investigate if this molecule is involved in NAFLD and liver lipid metabolism. Plasma levels of pro-NT were determined in 56 subjects with MO and 18 with normal weight (NW). All patients with MO were subclassified according to their liver histology into the normal liver (NL, n = 20) and NAFLD (n = 36) groups. The NAFLD group had 17 subjects with simple steatosis (SS) and 19 with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We used a chemiluminescence sandwich immunoassay to quantify pro-NT in plasma and RT-qPCR to evaluate the hepatic mRNA levels of several lipid metabolism-related genes. We reported that pro-NT levels were significantly higher in MO with NAFLD than in MO without NAFLD. Additionally, pro-NT levels were higher in NASH patients than in NL. The hepatic expression of lipid metabolism-related genes was found to be altered in NAFLD, as previously reported. Additionally, although pro-NT levels correlated with LDL, there was no association with the main lipid metabolism-related genes. These findings suggest that pro-NT could be related to NAFLD progression.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063472

RESUMO

The pathogenic mechanisms underlying nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are beginning to be understood. RUNX1 is involved in angiogenesis, which is crucial in inflammation, but its role in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze RUNX1 mRNA hepatic and jejunal abundance in women with morbid obesity (MO) and NAFLD. RUNX1, lipid metabolism-related genes, and TLRs in women with MO and normal liver (NL, n = 28), NAFLD (n = 41) (simple steatosis (SS, n = 24), or NASH (n = 17)) were analyzed by RT-qPCR. The RUNX1 hepatic expression was higher in SS than in NL or NASH, as likewise confirmed by immunohistochemistry. An increased expression of hepatic FAS was found in NAFLD. Hepatic RUNX1 correlated positively with FAS. There were no significant differences in the jejunum RUNX1 expressions in the different groups. Jejunal FXR expression was lower in NASH than in NL, while the TLR9 expression increased as NAFLD progressed. Jejunal RUNX1 correlated positively with jejunal PPARγ, TLR4, and TLR5. In summary, the hepatic expression of RUNX1 seems to be involved in the first steps of the NAFLD process; however, in NASH, it seems to be downregulated. Our findings provide important insights into the role of RUNX1 in the context of NAFLD/NASH, suggesting a protective role.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Obesidade Mórbida/genética , Adulto , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Jejuno/fisiologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , RNA Mensageiro , Receptor Toll-Like 9/genética , Receptores Toll-Like/genética , Transcriptoma
5.
J Pers Med ; 11(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809913

RESUMO

In SARS-CoV-2-infected patients, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are dangerous factors that may result in death. Priority in detection and specific therapies for these patients are necessary. We wanted to investigate the impact of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) on the clinical course of COVID-19 and whether prognostic biomarkers described are useful to predict the evolution of COVID-19 in patients with obesity or MS. This prospective cohort study included 303 patients hospitalized for COVID-19. Participants were first classified according to the presence of obesity; then, they were classified according to the presence of MS. Clinical, radiologic, and analytical parameters were collected. We reported that patients with obesity presented moderate COVID-19 symptoms and pneumonia, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and needed tocilizumab more frequently. Meanwhile, patients with MS presented severe pneumonia and respiratory failure more frequently, they have a higher mortality rate, and they also showed higher creatinine and troponin levels. The main findings of this study are that IL-6 is a potential predictor of COVID-19 severity in patients with obesity, while troponin and LDH can be used as predictive biomarkers of COVID-19 severity in MS patients. Therefore, treatment for COVID-19 in patients with obesity or MS should probably be intensified and personalized.

6.
Rev Esp Cardiol ; 74(1): 24-32, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921872

RESUMO

Introduction and objectives: Cardiac troponin, a marker of myocardial injury, is frequently observed in patients with COVID-19 infection. Our objective was to analyze myocardial injury and its prognostic implications in patients with and without COVID-19 infection treated in the same period of time. Methods: The present study included patients treated in a university hospital with cardiac troponin I measurements and with suspected COVID-19 infection, confirmed or ruled out by polymerase chain reaction analysis. The impact was analyzed of cardiac troponin I positivity on 30-day mortality. Results: In total, 433 patients were distributed among the following groups: confirmed COVID-19 (n = 186), 22% with myocardial injury (n = 41); and ruled out COVID-19 (n = 247), 21.5% with myocardial injury (n = 52). The confirmed and ruled out COVID-19 groups had a similar age, sex, and cardiovascular history. Mortality was significantly higher in the confirmed COVID-19 group than in the ruled out group (19.9% vs 5.3%, P < .001). In Cox multivariate regression analysis, cardiac troponin I was a predictor of mortality in both groups (confirmed COVID-19 group: HR, 3.54; 95%CI, 1.70-7.34; P = .001; ruled out COVID-19 group: HR, 5.57; 95%CI, 1.70-18.20; P = .004). The predictive model analyzed by ROC curves was similar in the 2 groups (P = .701), with AUCs of 0.808 in the confirmed COVID-19 group (0.750-0.865) and 0.812 in the ruled out COVID-19 group (0.760-0.864). Conclusions: Myocardial injury is detected in 1 in every 5 patients with confirmed or ruled out COVID-19 and predicts 30-day mortality to a similar extent in both circumstances.

7.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 74(1): 24-32, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144126

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac troponin, a marker of myocardial injury, is frequently observed in patients with COVID-19 infection. Our objective was to analyze myocardial injury and its prognostic implications in patients with and without COVID-19 infection treated in the same period of time. METHODS: The present study included patients treated in a university hospital with cardiac troponin I measurements and with suspected COVID-19 infection, confirmed or ruled out by polymerase chain reaction analysis. The impact was analyzed of cardiac troponin I positivity on 30-day mortality. RESULTS: In total, 433 patients were distributed among the following groups: confirmed COVID-19 (n=186), 22% with myocardial injury (n=41); and ruled out COVID-19 (n=247), 21.5% with myocardial injury (n=52). The confirmed and ruled out COVID-19 groups had a similar age, sex, and cardiovascular history. Mortality was significantly higher in the confirmed COVID-19 group than in the ruled out group (19.9% vs 5.3%, P <.001). In Cox multivariate regression analysis, cardiac troponin I was a predictor of mortality in both groups (confirmed COVID-19 group: HR, 3.54; 95%CI, 1.70-7.34; P=.001; ruled out COVID-19 group: HR, 5.57; 95%CI, 1.70-18.20; P=.004). The predictive model analyzed by ROC curves was similar in the 2 groups (P=.701), with AUCs of 0.808 in the confirmed COVID-19 group (0.750-0.865) and 0.812 in the ruled out COVID-19 group (0.760-0.864). CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial injury is detected in 1 in every 5 patients with confirmed or ruled out COVID-19 and predicts 30-day mortality to a similar extent in both circumstances.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , SARS-CoV-2 , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19/estatística & dados numéricos , Cardiomiopatias/sangue , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Life (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081272

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) extends from simple steatosis (SS) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Peripheral serotonin (5-HT) has become as an important regulator of different metabolic pathways. 5-HT has been related to obesity and lipid accumulation in the liver. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the 5-HT signaling pathway and the degree of NAFLD, as well as to investigate whether peripheral 5-HT levels are related to the hepatic and jejunal mRNA abundance of serotonin receptors (HTR) in a cohort of women with morbid obesity (MO) and NAFLD. ELISA was used to quantify the serum 5-HT from normal-weight subjects (n = 26) and patients with MO (n = 58). We used RTq-PCR analysis to evaluate the relative expression of HTR in women with MO with normal liver (n = 22), SS (n = 21), and NASH (n = 15). The 5-HT was diminished in women with MO under a hypocaloric diet, regardless of the presence of NAFLD. Additionally, we report a negative correlation of 5-HT levels with metabolic syndrome criteria, suggesting that serotonin may have a protective role in obesity. Additionally, the hepatic expression of HTR2A and HTR2B were decreased in women with MO and NAFLD, but no significant differences in the HTR jejunal expression according to the presence of NAFLD were found.

9.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 28(8): 1487-1493, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This cohort study aimed to explore the relationship between the Notch signaling pathway and the degree of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Moreover, this study intended to investigate whether this pathway is related to hepatic lipid metabolism and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). METHODS: This study used real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis to evaluate the hepatic expression level of all genes studied (Notch receptors NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3, and NOTCH4, transcription factors HES1 and HES5, and Hes-related repressor proteins HEY1 and HEY2) in hepatic tissue from two cohorts: women with severe obesity (n = 57) and normal liver structure (n = 20) or NAFLD (n = 37). RESULTS: In women with severe obesity and NAFLD, this study found downregulation of hepatic HES5 expression. This expression correlated positively with the hepatic expression of HES1, HEY1, and NOTCH3. This study also found a positive correlation between HES5 expression and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP1c) and between NOTCH3 and several genes related to hepatic lipid metabolism (encoding liver X nuclear receptor α variant 1, farnesoid X nuclear receptor, SREBP1c, acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1, fatty acid synthase, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase, ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 1, and ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 1). Finally, this study found a positive correlation between NOTCH2 and TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 and a positive relationship between NOTCH1 and TLR9. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these findings suggest that hepatic expression of Notch proteins and ligands in relation to lipid metabolism pathways in the liver could have a role in NAFLD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Obesidade/genética , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Animais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(11)2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545403

RESUMO

The progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is linked to systemic inflammation. Currently, two of the aspects that need further investigation are diagnosis and treatment of NASH. In this sense, the aim of this study was to assess the relationship between circulating levels of cytokines, hepatic expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs), and degrees of NAFLD, and to investigate whether these levels could serve as noninvasive biomarkers of NASH. The present study assessed plasma levels of cytokines in 29 normal-weight women and 82 women with morbid obesity (MO) (subclassified: normal liver (n = 29), simple steatosis (n = 32), and NASH (n = 21)). We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to quantify cytokine and TLR4 levels and RTqPCR to assess TLRs hepatic expression. IL-1ß, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, tPAI-1, and MCP-1 levels were increased, and adiponectin levels were decreased in women with MO. IL-8 was significantly higher in MO with NASH than in NL. To sum up, high levels of IL-8 were associated with the diagnosis of NASH in a cohort of women with morbid obesity. Moreover, a positive correlation between TLR2 hepatic expression and IL-8 circulating levels was found.


Assuntos
Interleucina-8/sangue , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Adipocinas/sangue , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/sangue , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
11.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 44(4): 875-885, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) causes a wide spectrum of liver damage, from simple steatosis (SS) to cirrhosis. SS and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cannot be distinguished by clinical or laboratory features. Dysregulation of the gut microbiota is involved in NASH pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between microbiota-derived metabolites and the degrees of NAFLD; also, to investigate whether these metabolites could be included in a panel of NASH biomarkers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used liquid chromatography coupled to triple-quadrupole-mass spectrometry (LC-QqQ) analysis to quantify choline and its derivatives, betaine, endogenous ethanol, bile acids, short-chain fatty acids and soluble TLR4 in serum from women with normal weight (n = 29) and women with morbid obesity (MO) (n = 82) with or without NAFLD. We used real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis to evaluate the hepatic and intestinal expression level of all genes studied (TLR2, TLR4, TLR9, LXRα, SREBP1C, ACC1, FAS, PPARα, CPT1α, CROT, SREBP2, ABCA1, ABCG1 and FXR in the liver; TLR2, TLR4, TLR5, TLR9, GLP-1R, DPP-4, FXR and PPARÉ£ in the jejunum) in 82 women with MO with normal liver histology (NL, n = 29), SS (n = 32), and NASH (n = 21). RESULTS: Hepatic FAS, TLR2, and TLR4 expression were overexpressed in NAFLD patients. TLR2 was overexpressed in NASH patients. In women with MO with NAFLD, we found upregulation of intestinal TLR9 expression and downregulation of intestinal FXR expression in women with NASH. Circulating TMAO, glycocholic acid and deoxycholic acid levels were significantly increased in NAFLD patients. Endogenous circulating ethanol levels were increased in NASH patients in comparison to those in SS patients. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the intestine participates in the progression of NAFLD. Moreover, levels of certain circulating microbiota-related metabolites are associated with NAFLD severity and could be used as a "liquid biopsy" in the noninvasive diagnosis of NASH.

12.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73: 0-0, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193042

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: La elevación de la troponina cardiaca como marcador de daño miocárdico es un predictor pronóstico en pacientes con COVID-19. Sin embargo, se desconoce su rendimiento en pacientes coetáneos con sospecha de COVID-19 pero con prueba de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa negativa. MÉTODOS: Estudio de cohortes retrospectivo que incluyó a todos los pacientes consecutivos atendidos en un hospital universitario con sospecha de COVID-19, confirmada o descartada mediante prueba de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, todos ellos con determinaciones de troponina cardiaca I. Se analizó el impacto de la positividad de la troponina cardiaca I en la mortalidad a 30 días. RESULTADOS: Un total de 433 pacientes quedaron distribuidos en los siguientes grupos: COVID-19 confirmada (n=186), el 22% de ellos con daño miocárdico (n=41), y COVID-19 descartada (n=247), el 21,5% de ellos con daño miocárdico (n=52). Los grupos de COVID-19 confirmada y descartada tuvieron similares edad, sexo y antecedentes cardiovasculares. La mortalidad en el grupo de COVID-19 confirmada frente al de descartada fue significativamente superior (el 19,9 frente al 5,3%; p <0,001). En ambos grupos, el daño miocárdico fue predictor de mortalidad en el análisis multivariado de regresión de Cox (grupo de COVID-19 confirmada, HR=3,54; IC95%, 1,70-7,34; p = 0,001; grupo de COVID-19 descartada, HR=5,57; IC95%, 1,70-18,20; p = 0,004). El modelo predictivo analizado por curvas ROC fue similar en ambos grupos: COVID-19 confirmada, AUC=0,808 (0,750-0,865); COVID-19 descartada, AUC=0,812 (0,760-0,864) (p = 0,701). CONCLUSIONES: Se detecta daño miocárdico en 1 de cada 5 pacientes con infección por COVID-19 confirmada o descartada. En ambas circunstancias, el daño miocárdico es predictor de mortalidad a 30 días en similar grado


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac troponin, a marker of myocardial injury, is frequently observed in patients with COVID-19 infection. Our objective was to analyze myocardial injury and its prognostic implications in patients with and without COVID-19 infection treated in the same period of time. METHODS: The present study included patients treated in a university hospital with cardiac troponin I measurements and with suspected COVID-19 infection, confirmed or ruled out by polymerase chain reaction analysis. The impact was analyzed of cardiac troponin I positivity on 30-day mortality. RESULTS: In total, 433 patients were distributed among the following groups: confirmed COVID-19 (n=186), 22% with myocardial injury (n=41); and ruled out COVID-19 (n=247), 21.5% with myocardial injury (n=52). The confirmed and ruled out COVID-19 groups had a similar age, sex, and cardiovascular history. Mortality was significantly higher in the confirmed COVID-19 group than in the ruled out group (19.9% vs 5.3%, P <.001). In Cox multivariate regression analysis, cardiac troponin I was a predictor of mortality in both groups (confirmed COVID-19 group: HR, 3.54; 95%CI, 1.70-7.34; P=.001; ruled out COVID-19 group: HR, 5.57; 95%CI, 1.70-18.20; P=.004). The predictive model analyzed by ROC curves was similar in the 2 groups (P=.701), with AUCs of 0.808 in the confirmed COVID-19 group (0.750-0.865) and 0.812 in the ruled out COVID-19 group (0.760-0.864). CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial injury is detected in 1 in every 5 patients with confirmed or ruled out COVID-19 and predicts 30-day mortality to a similar extent in both circumstances


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Troponina/análise , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/estatística & dados numéricos , Antígenos/isolamento & purificação
13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8507583, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719448

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common, multifactorial, and poorly understood liver disease whose incidence is globally rising. During the past decade, several lines of evidence suggest that dysbiosis of intestinal microbiome represents an important factor contributing to NAFLD occurrence and its progression into NASH. The mechanisms that associate dysbiosis with NAFLD include changes in microbiota-derived mediators, deregulation of the gut endothelial barrier, translocation of mediators of dysbiosis, and hepatic inflammation. Changes in short chain fatty acids, bile acids, bacterial components, choline, and ethanol are the result of altered intestinal microbiota. We perform a narrative review of the previously published evidence and discuss the use of gut microbiota-derived mediators as potential markers in NAFLD.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/microbiologia , Animais , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Humanos
14.
PLoS One ; 13(7): e0200547, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30011297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyse the presence of several metabolites related to atherosclerosis in the plasma of patients with unstable carotid plaque and in the plasma of healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 20 patients who had undergone carotid endarterectomy and 20 healthy subjects as a control group. All the subjects recruited were male. We used a metabolomic approach with liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry to evaluate plasma metabolite levels in the metabolic pathway involved in the progression of atherosclerotic plaque. RESULTS: We observed that circulating levels of 20-HETE were significantly higher in patients with atheroma plaque than in healthy subjects (p = 0.018). No differences were found with regard to the other metabolites analysed. We also conducted a random forest analysis and found that 20-HETE was the main differentiator in the list of selected metabolites. In addition, plasma levels of 20-HETE correlated positively with body mass index (r = 0.427, p = 0.007) and diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.365, p = 0.028). CONCLUSION: This study confirms that of all the molecules studied only 20-HETE is related to carotid plaque. Further studies are needed to compare patients with stable carotid plaque vs. patients with unstable carotid plaque in order to confirm that 20-HETE could be a potential factor related to carotid plaque.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Ácidos Hidroxieicosatetraenoicos/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Placa Aterosclerótica/sangue , Idoso , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/cirurgia
15.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 26(2): 274-278, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29276861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate neurotensin plasma levels in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associated with severe obesity. METHODS: The plasma levels of neurotensin in 20 women with normal weight and 51 women with morbid obesity (MO) were measured, and women were subclassified according to their hepatic histology as having MO without NAFLD (n = 18) or MO with NAFLD (n = 33). The NAFLD group included 15 women with simple steatosis (SS) and 18 women with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). To quantify neurotensin in plasma, a multiplex sandwich immunoassay with a Luminex magnetic bead-based platform was used. RESULTS: Neurotensin levels were significantly decreased (P = 0.001) in women with MO and NAFLD (3.62 ± 0.85 ng/mL), compared with women with MO and normal liver function (11.65 ± 1.95 ng/mL; P = 0.001) and women with normal weight (13.68 ± 2.58 ng/mL; P = 0.001). There was no difference in levels between women with SS and women with NASH (P = 0.415). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating levels of neurotensin were decreased in women with NAFLD associated with MO.


Assuntos
Neurotensina/efeitos adversos , Neurotensina/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0187065, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29065180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in Western countries. Both iron and lipid metabolism seem to be involved in its pathogenesis. We aimed to assess the relationship between levels of hepcidin, the master iron-regulatory protein, in plasma and the presence of NAFLD in morbidly obese (MO) patients, and to investigate the association between the hepatic expression of the main iron and lipid metabolism -related genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure plasma hepcidin levels in 49 normal-weight control women, 23 MO women with normal liver (NL) histology and 46 MO women with NAFLD. The mRNA expression of hepcidin, the main iron metabolism-related genes, and the main lipid-metabolism genes was quantified by qRT-PCR in liver biopsies from members of the MO group undergoing bariatric surgery. RESULTS: Circulating hepcidin levels were significantly greater in MO than in normal-weight control women. However, there were no significant differences between MO women with NL and those with NAFLD. PCR analysis showed increased expression of hepcidin, FPN1, TfR1 and TfR2 in the liver of MO NAFLD women compared to those with NL. Moreover, a positive association of hepatic hepcidin mRNA expression and the iron metabolism-related genes was found with some key genes involved in the lipid metabolism. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that circulating hepcidin levels are associated with obesity but not with the presence of NAFLD. However, the hepatic expression of hepcidin and the iron metabolism-related genes seem to play a role in regulating lipid metabolism pathways in liver, which has implications for NAFLD pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Hepcidinas/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade Mórbida/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 17(10)2016 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27669236

RESUMO

Specific miRNA expression profiles have been shown to be associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We examined the correlation between the circulating levels and hepatic expression of miR122 and miR33a/b*, the key lipid metabolism-related gene expression and the clinicopathological factors of obese women with NAFLD. We measured miR122 and miR33a/b* expression in liver samples from 62 morbidly obese (MO), 30 moderately obese (ModO), and eight normal-weight controls. MiR122 and miR33a/b* expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR. Additionally, miR122 and miR33b* circulating levels were analyzed in 122 women. Hepatic miR33b* expression was increased in MO compared to ModO and controls, whereas miR122 expression was decreased in the MO group compared to ModO. In obese cohorts, miR33b* expression was increased in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Regarding circulating levels, MO patients with NASH showed higher miR122 levels than MO with simple steatosis (SS). These circulating levels are good predictors of histological features associated with disease severity. MO is associated with altered hepatic miRNA expression. In obese women, higher miR33b* liver expression is associated with NASH. Moreover, multiple correlations between miRNAs and the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism were found, that would suggest a miRNA-host gene circuit. Finally, miR122 circulating levels could be included in a panel of different biomarkers to improve accuracy in the non-invasive diagnosis of NASH.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade/patologia , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Modelos Logísticos , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/metabolismo
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 16(1): 149, 2016 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27391230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory derivatives from adipose tissue, known as adipokines, act as metabolic factors. The aim of this study was to analyse the secreted expression of different adipo/cytokines in secretomes of unstable carotid atherosclerotic plaque versus non-atherosclerotic mammary artery. METHODS: We evaluated the secretion levels of adiponectin, visfatin, lipocalin-2, resistin, IL-6 and TNFR2 by ELISA in human secretomes from cultured unstable carotid atherosclerotic plaque (n = 18) and non-atherosclerotic mammary artery (n = 13). We also measured visfatin serum levels in patients suffering from atherosclerosis and in a serum cohort of healthy subjects (n = 16). RESULTS: We found that visfatin levels were significantly increased in unstable carotid atherosclerotic plaque secretome than in non-atherosclerotic mammary artery secretome. No differences were found with regard the other adipo/cytokines studied. Regarding visfatin circulating levels, there were no differences between unstable carotid atherosclerotic plaque and non-atherosclerotic mammary artery group. However, these visfatin levels were increased in comparison to serum cohort of healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Of all the adipo/cytokines analysed, only visfatin showed increased levels in secretomes of unstable carotid atherosclerotic plaque. Additional human studies are needed to clarify the possible role of visfatin as prognostic factor of unstable carotid atherosclerotic plaque.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Artérias Carótidas/metabolismo , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Torácica Interna/metabolismo , Artéria Torácica Interna/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
PLoS One ; 11(4): e0154601, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27123846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) causes a wide spectrum of liver damage, ranging from simple steatosis to cirrhosis. However, simple steatosis (SS) and steatohepatitis (NASH) cannot yet be distinguished by clinical or laboratory features. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between alpha-ketoglutarate and the degrees of NAFLD in morbidly obese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a gas chromatography-quadruple time-of-flight-mass spectrometry analysis to quantify alpha-ketoglutarate in serum from normal-weight subjects (n = 30) and morbidly obese women (n = 97) with or without NAFLD. RESULTS: We found that serum levels of alpha-ketoglutarate were significantly higher in morbidly obese women than in normal-weight women. We showed that circulating levels of alpha-ketoglutarate were lower in lean controls and morbidly obese patients without NAFLD. We also found that alpha-ketoglutarate serum levels were higher in both SS and NASH than in normal liver of morbidly obese patients. However, there was no difference between SS and NASH. Moreover, we observed that circulating levels of alpha-ketoglutarate were associated with glucose metabolism parameters, lipid profile, hepatic enzymes and steatosis degree. In addition, diagnostic performance of alpha-ketoglutarate has been analyzed in NAFLD patients. The AUROC curves from patients with liver steatosis exhibited an acceptable clinical utility. Finally, we showed that the combination of biomarkers (AST, ALT and alpha-ketoglutarate) had the highest accuracy in diagnosing liver steatosis. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that alpha-ketoglutarate can determine the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver in morbidly obese patients but it is not valid a biomarker for NASH.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cetoglutáricos/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 17(5)2016 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27128907

RESUMO

Recent reports suggest a role for the Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) in the pathology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Lipid deposition in the liver seems to be a critical process in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the association between the liver PNPLA3 expression, key genes of lipid metabolism, and the presence of NAFLD in morbidly obese women. We used real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis to analyze the hepatic expression of PNPLA3 and lipid metabolism-related genes in 55 morbidly obese subjects with normal liver histology (NL, n = 18), simple steatosis (SS, n = 20), and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH, n = 17). Liver biopsies were collected during bariatric surgery. We observed that liver PNPLA3 expression was increased in NAFLD than in NL. It was also upregulated in SS than in NL. Interestingly, we found that the expression of PNPLA3 was significantly higher in severe than mild SS group. In addition, the expression of the transcription factors LXRα, PPARα, and SREBP2 was positively correlated with PNPLA3 liver expression. Regarding rs738409 polymorphism, GG genotype was positive correlated with the presence of NASH. In conclusion, our results show that PNPLA3 could be related to lipid accumulation in liver, mainly in the development and progression of simple steatosis.


Assuntos
Lipase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , Alelos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lipase/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Receptores X do Fígado/genética , Receptores X do Fígado/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , PPAR alfa/genética , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/metabolismo
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