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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) versus adalimumab (ADA) as first biologic drug in a large series of patients with refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD) for 1-year period. METHODS: Open-label multicenter study of IFX or ADA-treated patients with BD-uveitis refractory to conventional non-biologic treatment. IFX or ADA were chosen as first biologic treatment based on physician and patient agreement. Dosing schedule was: IFX: 3-5 mg/kg i.v. at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and every 4-8 weeks thereafter, and ADA: 40 mg/s.c./every other week without loading dose. Comparison between patients treated with IFX and patients treated with ADA was performed. RESULTS: 177 patients (316 affected eyes) were included. IFX was used in 103 and ADA in 74 cases. No significant differences at baseline were observed between IFX vs ADA groups regarding main demographic features, previous therapy and ocular severity. After one year of therapy, we observed an improvement in all ocular parameters in both groups. However, ADA therapy yielded better outcome in some parameters that in some cases yielded statistically significant differences: anterior chamber inflammation (78.18% in IFX-treated vs 92.31%in ADA-treated; p=0.06), vitritis (78.95% vs 93.33%; p=0.04), retinal vasculitis (97% vs 95%; p=0.28), macular thickness (264.89±59.74 vs 250.62±36.85; p=0.15), best-corrected visual acuity (0.67±0.34 vs 0.81±0.26; p=0.001), and drug retention (84.95% vs 95.24%; p=0.042). CONCLUSION: Although IFX and ADA yields efficacy refractory BD uveitis, ADA appears to be associated with better outcome than IFX after one-year follow-up. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 200: 85-94, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a leading cause of blindness. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory CME. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients with CME secondary to noninfectious uveitis who had inadequate response to corticosteroids and at least 1 conventional immunosuppressive drug, and in most cases to other biological agents, were studied. CME was defined as central retinal thickness greater than 300 µm. The primary outcome measure was macular thickness. Intraocular inflammation, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and corticosteroid-sparing effect were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients (mean ± standard deviation age 33.6 ± 18.9 years; 17 women) with CME were assessed. Underlying diseases associated with uveitis-related CME are juvenile idiopathic arthritis (n = 9), Behçet disease (n = 7), birdshot retinochoroidopathy (n = 4), idiopathic (n = 4), and sarcoidosis (n = 1). The ocular patterns were panuveitis (n = 9), anterior uveitis (n = 7), posterior uveitis (n = 5), and intermediate uveitis (n = 4). Most patients had CME in both eyes (n = 24). TCZ was used in monotherapy (n = 11) or combined with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. Regardless of the underlying disease, compared to baseline, a statistically significant improvement in macular thickness (415.7 ± 177.2 vs 259.1 ± 499.5 µm; P = .00009) and BCVA (0.39 ± 0.31 vs 0.54 ± 0.33; P = .0002) was obtained, allowing us to reduce the daily dose of prednisone (15.9 ± 13.6 mg/day vs 3.1 ± 2.3 mg/day; P = .002) after 12 months of therapy. Remission was achieved in 14 patients. Only minor side effects were observed after a mean follow-up of 12.7 ± 8.34 months. CONCLUSION: Macular thickness is reduced following administration of TCZ in refractory uveitis-related CME.

3.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(1): 126-135, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tocilizumab (TCZ) has shown efficacy in clinical trials on giant cell arteritis (GCA). Real-world data are scarce. Our objective was to assess efficacy and safety of TCZ in unselected patients with GCA in clinical practice Methods: Observational, open-label multicenter study from 40 national referral centers of GCA patients treated with TCZ due to inefficacy or adverse events of previous therapy. Outcomes variables were improvement of clinical features, acute phase reactants, glucocorticoid-sparing effect, prolonged remission and relapses. A comparative study was performed: (a) TCZ route (SC vs. IV); (b) GCA duration (≤6 vs. >6 months); (c) serious infections (with or without); (d) ≤15 vs. >15 mg/day at TCZ onset. RESULTS: 134 patients; mean age, 73.0 ± 8.8 years. TCZ was started after a median [IQR] time from GCA diagnosis of 13.5 [5.0-33.5] months. Ninety-eight (73.1%) patients had received immunosuppressive agents. After 1 month of TCZ 93.9% experienced clinical improvement. Reduction of CRP from 1.7 [0.4-3.2] to 0.11 [0.05-0.5] mg/dL (p < 0.0001), ESR from 33 [14.5-61] to 6 [2-12] mm/1st hour (p < 0.0001) and decrease in patients with anemia from 16.4% to 3.8% (p < 0.0001) were observed. Regardless of administration route or disease duration, clinical improvement leading to remission at 6, 12, 18, 24 months was observed in 55.5%, 70.4%, 69.2% and 90% of patients. Most relevant adverse side-effect was serious infections (10.6/100 patients-year), associated with higher doses of prednisone during the first three months of therapy. CONCLUSION: In clinical practice, TCZ yields a rapid and maintained improvement of refractory GCA. Serious infections appear to be higher than in clinical trials.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), insulin resistance (IR), a component of the metabolic syndrome, is closely linked to the systemic inflammation induced by proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-6. In the present study, we aimed to assess if an intravenous administration of the anti-IL-6 receptor tocilizumab may yield a rapid improvement of IR in RA. METHODS: 50 consecutive non-diabetic patients with RA refractory to methotrexate, undergoing periodic treatment with tocilizumab, were studied. Besides disease activity, serum insulin, insulin/glucose ratio, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity (QUICKI) indexes were assessed immediately before and 1 hour after the end of an intravenous administration of tocilizumab (given in saline solution over 60 minutes). RESULTS: When comparing baseline data (immediately before) and 1 hour after finishing tocilizumab administration, we observed a dramatic decrease of the serum insulin levels and insulin/glucose ratio. Also, a statistically significant reduction of IR (HOMA-IR: mean± standard deviation immediately before: 2.62±2.03 vs. 1.65±1.15 1 hour after the end of the infusion (p<0.01) and a statistically significant increase of insulin sensitivity (QUICKI immediately before 0.34±0.03 vs. 0.37±0.04 1 hour after the end of tocilizumab infusion (p<0.01) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The intravenous administration of tocilizumab yields a rapid beneficial effect on IR and insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic RA patients. These findings support the potential beneficial effect of the IL-6 blockade on the mechanisms associated with the development of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in patients with RA.

5.
Ophthalmology ; 125(9): 1444-1451, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602570

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) therapy optimization in a large series of patients with uveitis due to Behçet disease (BD) who achieved remission after the use of this biologic agent. DESIGN: Open-label multicenter study of ADA-treated patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressants. SUBJECTS: Sixty-five of 74 patients with uveitis due to BD, who achieved remission after a median ADA duration of 6 (range, 3-12) months. ADA was optimized in 23 (35.4%) of them. This biologic agent was maintained at a dose of 40 mg/subcutaneously/2 weeks in the remaining 42 patients. METHODS: After remission, based on a shared decision between the patient and the treating physician, ADA was optimized. When agreement between patient and physician was reached, optimization was performed by prolonging the ADA dosing interval progressively. Comparison between optimized and nonoptimized patients was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness in optimized and nonoptimized groups. To determine efficacy, intraocular inflammation (anterior chamber cells, vitritis, and retinal vasculitis), macular thickness, visual acuity, and the sparing effect of glucocorticoids were assessed. RESULTS: No demographic or ocular differences were found at the time of ADA onset between the optimized and the nonoptimized groups. Most ocular outcomes were similar after a mean ± standard deviation follow-up of 34.7±13.3 and 26±21.3 months in the optimized and nonoptimized groups, respectively. However, relevant adverse effects were only seen in the nonoptimized group (lymphoma, pneumonia, severe local reaction at the injection site, and bacteremia by Escherichia coli, 1 each). Moreover, the mean ADA treatment costs were lower in the optimized group than in the nonoptimized group (6101.25 euros/patient/year vs. 12 339.48; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: ADA optimization in BD uveitis refractory to conventional therapy is effective, safe, and cost-effective.

7.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 44(6): 717-23, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25697557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in giant cell arteritis (GCA) patients with refractory disease and/or with unacceptable side effects due to corticosteroids. METHODS: A retrospective multicenter open-label study on 22 GCA patients treated with TCZ at standard dose of 8mg/kg/month. The main outcomes were achievement of disease remission and reduction of corticosteroid dose. RESULTS: The mean age ± standard deviation of patients was 69 ± 8 years. The main clinical features at TCZ onset were polymyalgia rheumatica (n = 16), asthenia (n = 7), headache (n =5), constitutional symptoms (n = 4), jaw claudication (n = 2), and visual loss (n = 2). Besides corticosteroids and before TCZ onset, 19 of 22 patients had also received several conventional immunosuppressive and/or biologic drugs. Of 22 patients, 19 achieved rapid and maintained clinical improvement following TCZ therapy. Also, after a median follow-up of 9 (interquartile range: 6-19) months, the C-reactive protein level had fallen from 1.9 (1.2-5.4) to 0.2 (0.1-0.9)mg/dL (p < 0.0001) and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate decreased from 44 (20-81) to 12 (2-20)mm/1st hour (p = 0.001). The median dose of prednisone was also tapered from 18.75 (10-45) to 5 (2.5-10)mg/day (p < 0.0001). However, TCZ had to be discontinued in 3 patients due to severe neutropenia, recurrent pneumonia, and cytomegalovirus infection. Moreover, 1 patient died after the second infusion of TCZ due to a stroke in the setting of an infectious endocarditis. CONCLUSION: TCZ therapy leads to rapid and maintained improvement in patients with refractory GCA and/or with unacceptable side effects related to corticosteroids. However, the risk of infection should be kept in mind when using this drug in patients with GCA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Feminino , Arterite de Células Gigantes/complicações , Arterite de Células Gigantes/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimialgia Reumática/etiologia , Polimialgia Reumática/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 53(12): 2223-31, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24996907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We performed a multicentre study of 124 patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional treatment including high-dose corticosteroids and at least one standard immunosuppressive agent. Patients were treated for at least 12 months with infliximab (IFX) (3-5 mg/kg at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and then every 4-8 weeks) or adalimumab (ADA) (usually 40 mg every 2 weeks). The main outcome measures were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, macular thickness and immunosuppression load. RESULTS: Sixty-eight men and 56 women (221 affected eyes) were studied. The mean age was 38.6 years (s.d. 10.4). HLA-B51 was positive in 66.1% of patients and uveitis was bilateral in 78.2%. IFX was the first biologic agent in 77 cases (62%) and ADA was first in 47 (38%). In most cases anti-TNF-α drugs were used in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. At the onset of anti-TNF-α therapy, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation was observed in 57% and 64.4% of patients, respectively. In both conditions the damage decreased significantly after 1 year. At baseline, 50 patients (80 eyes) had macular thickening [optical coherence tomography (OCT) >250 µm] and 35 (49 eyes) had cystoid macular oedema (OCT>300 µm) that improved from 420 µm (s.d. 119.5) at baseline to 271 µm (s.d. 45.6) at month 12 (P < 0.01). The best-corrected visual acuity and the suppression load also showed significant improvement. After 1 year of follow-up, 67.7% of patients were inactive. Biologic therapy was well tolerated in most cases. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNF-α therapy is effective and relatively safe in refractory BD uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Esquema de Medicação , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 32(4): 484-9, 2014 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24983912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the functional consequences of IL10 (-592C/A and -1082A/G) gene polymorphisms and their association with susceptibility to, and disease phenotype, in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS: A total number of 168 with PMR and 124 age-matched controls were genotyped using allele-specific primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The levels of circulating IL10 and the production of IL10 by PBMCs after in vitro stimulation were studied by Cytometric Bead Array. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in genotype or allele frequency distribution between patients and controls. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of these patients were also unrelated to the presence of these polymorphisms. No significant differences between PMR patients with low ESR (<40 mm/hr) and classic PMR (>40 mm/hr) were found. Furthermore, we did not observe any influence of circulating IL10 with the intensity of the acute phase response. In both, PMR patients and age-matched controls, no differences in circulating IL10 levels or IL10 production were observed depending on the genotypes of the IL10 gene. CONCLUSIONS: These results do not support the impact of IL10 variants in susceptibility or clinical phenotype of PMR patients. In this aged population no functional association was found between IL10 gene variants and IL10 production.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Polimialgia Reumática/genética , Polimialgia Reumática/imunologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Interleucina-10/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Polimialgia Reumática/sangue , Polimialgia Reumática/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 32(3 Suppl 82): S79-89, 2014 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24854377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Non-infectious aortitis is often refractory to standard immunosuppressive therapy. Since IL-6 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of aortitis, we assessed the efficacy of the anti-IL6 receptor monoconal antibody tocilizumab (TCZ) in a series of patients with refractory non-infectious aortitis. METHODS: Review of 16 patients (14 women/2 men) with refractory aortitis diagnosed by imaging (CT angiography, MR angiography, and/or PET) that were treated with TCZ. RESULTS: The mean age±SD was 51.4±20.1 years. The underlying conditions were: Takayasu arteritis (TakA) (n=7 cases), giant cell arteritis (GCA) (n=7), relapsing polychondritis (RP) (n=1), and aortitis associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis (n=1). TCZ was the first biologic drug used in all patients with GCA and in the patient with aortitis associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis but in only 2 of 7 TakA patients. In the remaining cases anti-TNF inhibitors were prescribed before TCZ (standard dose was 8 mg/kg/iv/4 weeks). After a mean±SD follow-up of 11.8±6.6 months most patients experienced clinical improvement, showing reduction of erythrocyte sedimentation rate from 43±36 mm/1st h to 5±4 mm/1st h at last visit. At TCZ onset, 25% of patients had fever and 19% polymyalgia rheumatica. These manifestations disappeared after 3 months of TCZ therapy. A corticosteroid sparing effect was also achieved (from 27.3±17.6 mg/day of prednisone at TCZ onset to 4.2±3.8 mg/day at last visit). TCZ had to be discontinued in a patient because of severe neutropenia. CONCLUSIONS: TCZ appears to be effective and relatively safe in patients with inflammatory aortitis refractory to corticosteroids or to other biologic immunosuppressive drugs.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Aortite , Interleucina-6/sangue , Prednisona , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Aortite/classificação , Aortite/diagnóstico , Aortite/tratamento farmacológico , Aortite/imunologia , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Espanha
11.
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol ; 47(1): 2017 Apr, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24395029

RESUMO

Polymorphisms of cytokine genes have been investigated as susceptibility markers of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Here, we have reviewed the evidence to date and especially addressed the functional consequences of IL10 (-592C/A and -1082A/G) gene polymorphisms and their association with susceptibility to and disease phenotype in GCA. A total number of 71 patients with GCA and 124 age-matched controls were genotyped using allele-specific primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. As previous studies in GCA showed inconsistent results, a meta-analysis of the existing studies was also conducted by using both fixed and random-effects models. The levels of circulating IL10 and the production of IL10 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells after in vitro stimulation were studied by Cytometric Bead Array. Data showed no significant differences in genotype or allele frequency distribution between patients and controls. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of these patients were also unrelated to the presence of these polymorphisms. However, the meta-analysis found a significant association of IL10 -592C/A polymorphism with susceptibility to GCA (odds ratio 2.205 (95% confidence interval 1.074-4.524); p = 0.031). In both patients and age-matched controls, no differences in circulating IL10 levels or IL10 production were observed depending on the genotypes of the IL10 gene. In conclusion, although our cohort results do not support the impact of IL10 variants in susceptibility or clinical phenotype of GCA patients, the meta-analysis revealed a significant association of -592C/A polymorphism with susceptibility to GCA. In this population, no functional association was found between IL10 gene variants and IL10 production.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Arterite de Células Gigantes/genética , Interleucina-10/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
12.
J Leukoc Biol ; 94(5): 1071-8, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23904438

RESUMO

This study was conducted to evaluate phagocyte function in patients with age-related chronic inflammatory conditions. It included 95 patients with PMR, 17 with GCA, 40 with EORA, and 25 age-matched HCs. Serum IL-8 was determined with a bead array. The chemotactic capacity, phagocytic ability, and oxidative burst activity of circulating leukocytes were determined with flow cytometry kits. Patients with active chronic inflammatory diseases showed a significant increase in circulating levels of IL-8 that remained elevated in patients with PMR or EORA, despite treatment. No correlation was found between circulating IL-8 and the migratory capacity of neutrophils. Neutrophils from patients with active EORA without stimulus and after fMLP stimuli showed a higher capacity to migrate than those of the HCs (P=0.033). The phagocytic activity of granulocytes in the patients with GCA was significantly higher than in the HCs and the patients with PMR or EORA (P<0.05). The percentage and MFI of phagocytes that produce ROIs when stimulated with Escherichia coli was significantly reduced in neutrophils and monocytes from the patients with age-restricted inflammatory conditions. We concluded that the effector functions of phagocytes, determined to be chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and oxidative burst, are deregulated in age-restricted inflammatory disorders and may have a pathogenic role.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Arterite de Células Gigantes/imunologia , Fagócitos/imunologia , Polimialgia Reumática/imunologia , Reação de Fase Aguda , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-8/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Explosão Respiratória
13.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 8(6): 321-327, nov.-dic. 2012. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-106861

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar si existe asociación del polimorfismo rs20541 (R130Q) del gen de la IL-13 con la susceptibilidad y la expresión clínica de pacientes con enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas asociadas al envejecimiento. Material y métodos: Se estudiaron 78 pacientes con arteritis de células gigantes (ACG), 174 con polimialgia reumática (PMR), 90 con artritis reumatoide de comienzo en el anciano (EORA), y 465 controles sanos de la misma zona geográfica. El polimorfismo rs20541 (R130Q) para IL-13 se evaluó mediante PCR-RFLP. Los niveles de IL-13 circulante se determinaron por ELISA. Resultados: En los pacientes con ACG se observó una mayor frecuencia del genotipo AA [2,349 (0,994- 5,554)], así como del alelo A [1,589 (1,085-2,328)] y de portadores de dicho alelo [1,656 (1,021-2,686)] (p < 0,05). No encontramos diferencias significativas entre los pacientes con PMR y EORA respecto al grupo control. Cuando comparamos las diferentes patologías entre sí, tampoco encontramos diferencias significativas entre ellas. En los pacientes con ACG las diferencias en el genotipo se asociaron con el pronóstico de la enfermedad. En pacientes con PMR, el genotipo AA se asoció con niveles más elevados de IL-13 circulante comparado con el GA. Sin embargo, esta asociación no se apreció para los controles o las otras enfermedades. Conclusiones: La ACG es más frecuente en individuos portadores del polimorfismo rs20541 (R130Q) del gen de la IL13. La utilidad de este gen para predecir el pronóstico en ACG debe ser confirmada en estudios con mayor número de pacientes (AU)


Objective: To investigate whether there is association between the rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism in the IL-13 gene with disease susceptibility and clinical subsets in patients with elderly-associated inflammatory chronic diseases. Material and methods: 78 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), 174 with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), 90 elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA), and 465 healthy controls from the same geographic area were studied. The rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism in the IL-13 gene was evaluated by PCR-RFLP. Circulating levels of IL-13 were measured by ELISA. Results: A higher frequency of the AA genotype [2.349 (0.994-5.554)], as well as the allele A [1.589 (1.085- 2.328] and the A carriers [1.656 (1.021-2.686)] (p < 0.05) was observed in the GCA patients. No significant differences were observed in the PMR and EORA patients as compared with the healthy controls. Neither difference was observed among the different disease groups studied. In GCA patients, differences in the genotype were associated with a worse prognosis. In PMR patients, the AA genotype was associated with higher levels of serum IL-13 than the GA one. However, such an association was not detected for controls and the other disease groups. Conclusions: GCA is more frequent in carriers of the rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism in the IL-13 gene. The utility of this polymorphism to predict the GCA prognosis must be confirmed in studies with a higher number of patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Interleucina-13/análise , Interleucina-13 , Envelhecimento/imunologia , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/diagnóstico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/imunologia , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/imunologia , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/diagnóstico , Polimialgia Reumática/imunologia , Fator Reumatoide/administração & dosagem , Fator Reumatoide/análise , Fator Reumatoide/imunologia
14.
Reumatol Clin ; 8(6): 321-7, 2012 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22749024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is association between the rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism in the IL-13 gene with disease susceptibility and clinical subsets in patients with elderly-associated inflammatory chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 78 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), 174 with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), 90 elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA), and 465 healthy controls from the same geographic area were studied. The rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism in the IL-13 gene was evaluated by PCR-RFLP. Circulating levels of IL-13 were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: A higher frequency of the AA genotype [2.349 (0.994-5.554)], as well as the allele A [1.589 (1.085-2.328] and the A carriers [1.656 (1.021-2.686)] (p<0.05) was observed in the GCA patients. No significant differences were observed in the PMR and EORA patients as compared with the healthy controls. Neither difference was observed among the different disease groups studied. In GCA patients, differences in the genotype were associated with a worse prognosis. In PMR patients, the AA genotype was associated with higher levels of serum IL-13 than the GA one. However, such an association was not detected for controls and the other disease groups. CONCLUSIONS: GCA is more frequent in carriers of the rs20541 (R130Q) polymorphism in the IL-13 gene. The utility of this polymorphism to predict the GCA prognosis must be confirmed in studies with a higher number of patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Arterite de Células Gigantes/genética , Interleucina-13/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Polimialgia Reumática/genética , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Arterite de Células Gigantes/sangue , Humanos , Interleucina-13/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimialgia Reumática/sangue
15.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 29(5): 795-800, 2011 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22011399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Coding variants in TLR4 gene have been reported to be associated with inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether two of these polymorphisms (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) of TLR4 contribute to the genetic background of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA). Furthermore, we have attempted to correlate the functional consequences of these polymorphisms. METHODS: 164 patients with PMR, 93 with EORA and 126 unrelated age-matched controls were genotyped. The TLR4 genotypes were determined using allele-specific primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Association of genotypes and alleles with disease susceptibility and disease phenotypes were studied. TLR4 expression was assessed on PBMCs by flow cytometry and TLR4 function was assessed by stimulating PBMCs in vitro with LPS. RESULTS: No significant difference in allele frequency or genotype between patients with elderly-onset inflammatory conditions and controls was observed. The Thr399Ile CC genotype was associated with a higher cumulative dose of corticosteroids in patients with PMR (p=0.031). We found no association with TLR4 expression on B cells, T cells or monocytes or a distinct phenotype of TLR4 response with the Asp299Gly or Thr399Ile genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: These results do not support the association of these TLR4 variants with two age-related inflammatory conditions. The value of determining Thr399Ile genotypes for disease prognosis in PMR should be confirmed in different populations.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Polimialgia Reumática/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Idade de Início , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimialgia Reumática/imunologia
16.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 6(5): 264-267, sept.-oct. 2010.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-82048

RESUMO

La utilización de tratamientos que aumenten los niveles estrogénicos ha sido considerada clásicamente de riesgo en pacientes lúpicos. Estudios relativamente antiguos sobre la utilización de anticonceptivos orales y de tratamiento hormonal sustitutivo han proporcionado resultados contradictorios o inconsistentes. Más recientemente, estudios prospectivos sobre esta problemática sugieren que tanto los anticonceptivos como el tratamiento hormonal sustitutivo pueden ser utilizados en pacientes con enfermedad estable sin riesgo de un aumento en la actividad clínica de esta. Tampoco se ha observado una asociación al desarrollo de complicaciones tromboembólicas arteriales y/o venosas. Aunque, a este respecto, determinaciones y limitaciones metodológicas imposibilitan el establecer valoraciones definitivas sobre esta problemática. Con respecto a la utilización de técnicas de fertilización asistida en pacientes lúpicas, todos los datos de que se disponen son de tipo retrospectivo. Globalmente considerados, estos estudios indican que el riesgo real de reagudización de la enfermedad es relativamente bajo y que, en general, no son agudizaciones graves, siempre y cuando estas técnicas se realicen en pacientes con enfermedad estable (AU)


The use of treatments that increase the estrogenic levels has been usually deemed risky in lupus patients. Past studies about the utilization of oral contraceptive drugs and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have shown contradictory results. More recently, prospective studies about this issue suggest that either oral anticonceptive and HRT can be used in patients with stable disease without special risk for increments in clinical activity. Neither, it has been observed an association with the development of arterial or venous thrombosis. Although, to this regard, several methodological limitations preclude to establish definitive conclusions. Regarding to the use of assisted reproduction techniques in lupus patients, only retrospective data are available. Overall they indicate that the real risk of disease worsening is quite low, being the flares mostly mild when these procedures are performed in patients with stable disease (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Estrogênios/uso terapêutico , Anticoncepcionais Orais/administração & dosagem , Anticoncepcionais Orais/efeitos adversos , Anticoncepcionais Orais/uso terapêutico , Anticoncepcionais Orais Hormonais/uso terapêutico , /métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anticoncepcionais/metabolismo , Anticoncepcionais/uso terapêutico
17.
Reumatol Clin ; 6(5): 264-7, 2010 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21794728

RESUMO

The use of treatments that increase the estrogenic levels has been usually deemed risky in lupus patients. Past studies about the utilization of oral contraceptive drugs and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have shown contradictory results. More recently, prospective studies about this issue suggest that either oral anticonceptive and HRT can be used in patients with stable disease without special risk for increments in clinical activity. Neither, it has been observed an association with the development of arterial or venous thrombosis. Although, to this regard, several methodological limitations preclude to establish definitive conclusions. Regarding to the use of assisted reproduction techniques in lupus patients, only retrospective data are available. Overall they indicate that the real risk of disease worsening is quite low, being the flares mostly mild when these procedures are performed in patients with stable disease.

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