Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 3: 1632, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23568379

RESUMO

Topology is familiar mostly from mathematics, but also natural sciences have found its concepts useful. Those concepts have been used to explain several natural phenomena in biology and physics, and they are particularly relevant for the electronic structure description of topological insulators and graphene systems. Here, we introduce topologically distinct graphene forms - graphene spirals - and employ density-functional theory to investigate their geometric and electronic properties. We found that the spiral topology gives rise to an intrinsic Rashba spin-orbit splitting. Through a Hamiltonian constrained by space curvature, graphene spirals have topologically protected states due to time-reversal symmetry. In addition, we argue that the synthesis of such graphene spirals is feasible and can be achieved through advanced bottom-up experimental routes that we indicate in this work.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(65): 8031-50, 2012 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22774003

RESUMO

Endohedral metallofullerenes (EMFs) are able to encapsulate up to four metal atoms. In EMFs, metal atoms are positively charged because of the electron transfer from the endohedral metal atoms to the carbon cage. It results in the strong Coulomb repulsion between the positively charged ions trapped in the confined inner space of the fullerene. At the same time, in many EMFs, such as Lu(2)@C(76), Y(2)@C(79)N, M(2)@C(82) (M = Sc, Y, Lu, etc.), Y(3)@C(80), or Sc(4)O(2)@C(80), metals do not adopt their highest oxidation states, thus yielding a possibility of the covalent metal-metal bonding. In some other EMFs (e.g., La(2)@C(80)), metal-metal bonding evolves as the result of the electrochemical or chemical reduction, which leads to the population of the metal-based LUMO with pronounced metal-metal bonding character. This article highlights different aspects of the metal-metal bonding in EMFs. It is concluded that the valence state of the metal atoms in dimetallofullerenes is not dependent on their third ionization potential, but is determined by their ns(2)(n- 1)d(1)→ns(1)(n- 1)d(2) excitation energies. Peculiarities of the metal-metal bonding in EMFs are described in terms of molecular orbital analysis as well as topological approaches such as Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules and Electron Localization Function. Interplay of Coulomb repulsion and covalent bonding is analyzed in the framework of the Interacting Quantum Atom approach.

3.
Nanoscale ; 4(10): 3168-74, 2012 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22504575

RESUMO

The difficulty in determining the mass of a sample increases as its size diminishes. At the nanoscale, there are no direct methods for resolving the mass of single molecules or nanoparticles and so more sophisticated approaches based on electromechanical phenomena are required. More importantly, one demands that such nanoelectromechanical techniques could provide not only information about the mass of the target molecules but also about their geometrical properties. In this sense, we report a theoretical study that illustrates in detail how graphene membranes can operate as nanoelectromechanical mass-sensor devices. Wide graphene sheets were exposed to different types and amounts of molecules and molecular dynamic simulations were employed to treat these doping processes statistically. We demonstrate that the mass variation effect and information about the graphene-molecule interactions can be inferred through dynamical response functions. Our results confirm the potential use of graphene as a mass detector device with remarkable precision in estimating variations in mass at the molecular scale and other physical properties of the dopants.

4.
ACS Nano ; 5(12): 9939-49, 2011 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22040265

RESUMO

Graphene|metal|ligand systems open a new realm in surface magnetochemistry. We show that by trapping metal atoms in the two-dimensional potential lattice of a graphene-ligand interface it is possible to build a chemical analogue of an optical lattice, a key setup in quantum information and strongly correlated systems. Employing sophisticated first-principles calculations, we studied electronic and dynamic properties of graphene|metal|ligand assemblies and showed that there is a general principle--spin-charge separation in π-d systems--that underlies the possibility of synthesizing and controlling such systems. We find that ligands can work as a local gate to control the properties of trapped metal atoms and can impose bosonic or fermionic character on such atomic nets, depending on the ligand's nature. Remarkably, the magnetization energy in such systems reaches record-high values of ca. 400 meV, which makes the respective magnetic phenomena utilizable at room temperature. Accompanied by spin polarization of the graphene π-conjugated system it leads to spin-valve materials and brings the realization of quantum computing one step closer.


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Metais/química , Modelos Químicos , Modelos Moleculares , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Simulação por Computador , Magnetismo , Marcadores de Spin
5.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 7(12): 3872-83, 2011 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26598334

RESUMO

In this work, the multibox (M-box) simulation scheme is introduced, which can be considered as a generalization of the QM/MM scheme for multifragment (molecular) systems. This scheme exploits the natural locality of multifragment molecular-based systems by mapping the system into force-coupled block subspaces. Where defined in this way, the entire system can be fully modeled under a quantum mechanical force field. This allows the description of each subspace explicitly by means of a robust electronic structure theory without the requirement for large computational resources. An adequate block-to-block coupling by means of shared subsystem fragments is applied to preserve the long-distance structural correlation in the system during a molecular dynamic (MD) simulation. Since electronic structure descriptions play a central role in the formulation of several parametric models for charge or energy transport, we expect that this space-time correlated scheme can become a reliable computational tool for charge/energy transport/transfer applications. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated by performing statistical and time-resolved analysis using both the multifragment box and full ab initio approaches. We illustrate the method using as examples the melting process of a one-dimensional benzene chain (weak interaction situation) and NVE dynamics for the CnHn polymeric chain (strong interaction situation). We also have extended the threshold of applicability of our model, demonstrating how it can cope with MD simulation with more complex systems and processes.

6.
ACS Nano ; 4(10): 6260-6, 2010 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20853881

RESUMO

We examine at the DFT level of theory the topology of side wall functionalization of the (5,5)metallic single-wall carbon nanotube (CNT) with carbenes (>CX(2)) and its effect on electronic properties of the system. It is demonstrated that specific substructures/topology known to stabilize functionalized fullerene molecules can play the same role in CNTs, as well. Upon deepening of functionalization, "uniformity" of addition motives and related continuous changes in properties transform into regular addition patterns with isolated aromatic islands on the nanotube backbone that give rise to jump-like changes in electronic structure.

7.
J Phys Chem A ; 113(40): 10833-8, 2009 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19791814

RESUMO

Various candidate processes that can effect rearrangement of the shell of addends are being discussed for C(60)F(x) and C(60)(CF(3))(y) compounds. It is shown that isomerization of fluorofullerenes is catalyzed by other fullerene molecules or organic donors, while in trifluoromethylated fullerenes such catalysis is inefficient. These observations afford an explanation for important differences between fluorides and CF(3) derivatives of C(60) in distribution of products of their high-temperature syntheses.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos/química , Fulerenos/química , Modelos Químicos , Isomerismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA