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1.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 5(4): 938-945, 2017 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28351785

RESUMO

A proportion of people living with common variable immunodeficiency disorders develop granulomatous-lymphocytic interstitial lung disease (GLILD). We aimed to develop a consensus statement on the definition, diagnosis, and management of GLILD. All UK specialist centers were contacted and relevant physicians were invited to take part in a 3-round online Delphi process. Responses were graded as Strongly Agree, Tend to Agree, Neither Agree nor Disagree, Tend to Disagree, and Strongly Disagree, scored +1, +0.5, 0, -0.5, and -1, respectively. Agreement was defined as greater than or equal to 80% consensus. Scores are reported as mean ± SD. There was 100% agreement (score, 0.92 ± 0.19) for the following definition: "GLILD is a distinct clinico-radio-pathological ILD occurring in patients with [common variable immunodeficiency disorders], associated with a lymphocytic infiltrate and/or granuloma in the lung, and in whom other conditions have been considered and where possible excluded." There was consensus that the workup of suspected GLILD requires chest computed tomography (CT) (0.98 ± 0.01), lung function tests (eg, gas transfer, 0.94 ± 0.17), bronchoscopy to exclude infection (0.63 ± 0.50), and lung biopsy (0.58 ± 0.40). There was no consensus on whether expectant management following optimization of immunoglobulin therapy was acceptable: 67% agreed, 25% disagreed, score 0.38 ± 0.59; 90% agreed that when treatment was required, first-line treatment should be with corticosteroids alone (score, 0.55 ± 0.51).


Assuntos
Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum , Granuloma , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Instituições de Caridade , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/diagnóstico , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/diagnóstico por imagem , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/tratamento farmacológico , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/patologia , Consenso , Granuloma/diagnóstico , Granuloma/diagnóstico por imagem , Granuloma/tratamento farmacológico , Granuloma/patologia , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Sociedades Médicas , Reino Unido
2.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 4(4): 149-55, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23819018

RESUMO

Diaphragmatic hernias that are diagnosed in adulthood may be traumatic or congenital in nature. Therefore, respiratory specialists need to be aware of the presentation of patients with these conditions. In this report, we describe a case series of patients with congenital and traumatic diaphragmatic hernias and highlight a varied range of their presentations. Abnormalities were noted in the thorax on the chest radiographs, but it was unclear as to the nature of the anomaly. The findings on thoracic ultrasound conducted by a pulmonologist helped to direct appropriate investigations avoiding unnecessary interventions. Instead of pleural effusions, consolidation or collapse, thoracic computed tomography demonstrated diaphragmatic hernias which were managed either conservatively or by surgery. There is increasing evidence that pulmonary specialists should be trained in thoracic ultrasonography to identify pleural pathology as well as safely conducting pleural-based interventions.

3.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; 15(6): 513-9, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12493338

RESUMO

Whilst nebulisers are commonly used in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF), nebulised aerosol lung deposition in individual patients is not routinely assessed in clinical practice. The present study was designed to evaluate whether a comparative measurement of aerosol lung deposition from nebulisers using a widely available scintigraphic method could be employed to assist the selection of the best system for individual patients. Lung deposition of the radiolabelled aerosol from the Pari LC Plus (Pari Medical Ltd) nebuliser and the HaloLite Adaptive Aerosol Delivery (AAD) system (Profile Therapeutics Ltd) was measured using planar scintigraphy in 10 healthy volunteers and 6 CF patients. The HaloLite AAD delivered on average 2.1 times (P=0.003) as much aerosol to the lungs compared with Pari LC Plus. Only two subjects had higher lung deposition from Pari LC Plus than HaloLite AAD system. There was marked inter-individual variation in the deposition pattern in CF patients. The aerosol deposition from HaloLite AAD had higher central distribution than that obtained with the Pari LC Plus. The overall intersubject variability of the delivered dose was 56% with Pari LC Plus and 24% with HaloLite AAD (P<0.05). The measurement of aerosol deposition from nebulisers can be performed using a simple and widely available methodology, and may improve nebuliser selection in CF patients.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/administração & dosagem , Fibrose Cística/tratamento farmacológico , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Adulto , Aerossóis/farmacocinética , Fibrose Cística/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Cintilografia
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