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1.
Joint Bone Spine ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568838

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by diffuse microangiopathy and immune dysregulation which ultimately result in widespread fibrosis of skin and internal organs. Although the 2013 EULAR/ACR criteria have allowed to improve the sensitivity for SSc diagnosis, it has recently come to light that the traditional subclassification into limited and diffuse cutaneous forms does not appear to fully capture the different phenotypes of the scleroderma spectrum. In this regard, a recent large cluster analysis-based study and other ongoing projects are trying to achieve a better stratification of SSc patients, as the disease course remains largely unpredictable to date. Recent preclinical studies and randomized controlled trials have yielded encouraging results with new drugs targeting inflammatory/immunological and fibrotic pathways. One of the main unmet needs in SSc remains the early identification of patients at high mortality risk, for whom aggressiveness of therapies ought to be determined and weighed against disease prognosis. Furthermore, lung and cardiac transplantation may also be taken into account in some carefully selected patients. Though the prognosis of SSc remains poor, an optimized stratification of patients along with the recent and ongoing advances in therapies could greatly impact the natural course of the disease in the near future. Moreover, it is envisioned that there will be an increasing need in the future to further develop combination therapies to better fight against this complex disease. In this review we discussed new insights into organ involvements and therapeutic options.

2.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476316

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis primarily affects women. This sex bias raises the question on the role female hormones could play in the development of fibrosis, which is largely unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of estrogens in the development of experimental dermal fibrosis, in the mouse models of bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis and tight skin (Tsk-1) mice, and on the activation of dermal fibroblasts by transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß). Estrogen inhibition, obtained through gene inactivation for the estrogen receptor-αknockout or treatment with tamoxifen, exacerbated skin fibrosis in the bleomycin model and in the Tsk-1 mice. In the dermal fibroblasts, treatment with 17-ß-estradiol significantly decreased the stimulatory effects of TGF-ß on collagen synthesis and myofibroblast differentiation, decreased the activation of canonical TGF-ß signaling, and markedly reduced the expression of the TGF-ß target genes. Tamoxifen reversed the inhibitory effects of estrogens by restoring Smad2/3 phosphorylation and TGF-ß-induced collagen synthesis. Our results demonstrate a beneficial effect of estrogens in dermal fibrosis. Estrogens reduce the TGF-ß-dependent activation of dermal fibroblasts, and estrogen inhibition leads to a more severe experimental dermal fibrosis. These findings are consistent with the prominent development of systemic sclerosis in postmenopausal women and the greater severity of the disease in men.

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Scleroderma Trials and Research Group (EUSTAR) recently developed a preliminarily revised activity index (AI) that performed better than the European Scleroderma Study Group Activity Index (EScSG-AI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value for short-term disease severity accrual of the EUSTAR-AI, as compared with those of the EScSG-AI and of known adverse prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients with SSc from the EUSTAR database with a disease duration from the onset of the first non-Raynaud sign/symptom ≤5 years and a baseline visit between 2003 and 2014 were first extracted. To capture the disease activity variations over time, EUSTAR-AI and EScSG-AI adjusted means were calculated. The primary outcome was disease progression defined as a Δ≥1 in the Medsger's severity score and in distinct items at the 2-year follow-up visit. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify predictive factors. RESULTS: 549 patients were enrolled. At multivariate analysis, the EUSTAR-AI adjusted mean was the only predictor of any severity accrual and of that of lung and heart, skin and peripheral vascular disease over 2 years. CONCLUSION: The adjusted mean EUSTAR-AI has the best predictive value for disease progression and development of severe organ involvement over time in SSc.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1576-1582, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of vasodilator drugs on the occurrence of features depending on myocardial ischaemia/fibrosis (ventricular arrhythmias, Q waves, cardiac blocks, pacemaker implantation, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <55%, and/or congestive heart failure and sudden cardiac death) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: 601 patients with SSc were enrolled from 1 December 2012 to 30 November 2015 and had a second visit 0.5-4 years apart. 153 received no vasodilators; 448 received vasodilator therapy (ie, calcium channel blockers and/or ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers or combinations of them), 89 of them being also treated with either endothelin receptor antagonists or PDE5 inhibitors or prostanoids. Associations between the occurrence of myocardial disease manifestations and any demographic, disease and therapeutic aspect were investigated by Cox regression analysis. A Cox frailty survival model with centre of enrolment as random effect was performed. RESULTS: During 914 follow-up patient-years, 12 ventricular arrhythmias, 5 Q waves, 40 cardiac blocks, 6 pacemaker implantations and 19 reduced LVEF and/or congestive heart failure (CHF) occurred. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, vasodilator therapy was associated with a lower incidence of ventricular arrhythmias (p=0.03); low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) with a lower incidence of cardiac blocks and/or Q waves and/or pacemaker implantation (p=0.02); active disease with a higher incidence of LVEF <55% and/or CHF and cardiac blocks and/or Q waves and/or pacemaker implantation (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study might suggest a preventative effect on the occurrence of distinct myocardial manifestations by vasodilator therapy and low-dose ASA.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(3): 190, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804327

RESUMO

Fas-associated death domain (FADD) is a key adaptor molecule involved in numerous physiological processes including cell death, proliferation, innate immunity and inflammation. Therefore, changes in FADD expression have dramatic cellular consequences. In mice and humans, FADD regulation can occur through protein secretion. However, the molecular mechanisms accounting for human FADD secretion were still unknown. Here we report that canonical, non-canonical, but not alternative, NLRP3 inflammasome activation in human monocytes/macrophages induced FADD secretion. NLRP3 inflammasome activation by the bacterial toxin nigericin led to the proinflammatory interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) release and to the induction of cell death by pyroptosis. However, we showed that FADD secretion could occur in absence of increased IL-1ß release and pyroptosis and, reciprocally, that IL-1ß release and pyroptosis could occur in absence of FADD secretion. Especially, FADD, but not IL-1ß, secretion following NLRP3 inflammasome activation required extracellular glucose. Thus, FADD secretion was an active process distinct from unspecific release of proteins during pyroptosis. This FADD secretion process required K+ efflux, NLRP3 sensor, ASC adaptor and CASPASE-1 molecule. Moreover, we identified FADD as a leaderless protein unconventionally secreted through microvesicle shedding, but not exosome release. Finally, we established human soluble FADD as a new marker of joint inflammation in gout and rheumatoid arthritis, two rheumatic diseases involving the NLRP3 inflammasome. Whether soluble FADD could be an actor in these diseases remains to be determined. Nevertheless, our results advance our understanding of the mechanisms contributing to the regulation of the FADD protein expression in human cells.

6.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(6): 972-982, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) runs a highly variable course, and prediction tools are highly desired. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic performance of 4 candidate serum biomarkers for SSc-associated ILD. METHODS: Serum samples from a combined cohort of SSc patients (from Paris, France and Oslo, Norway; n = 427) were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for concentrations of lung epithelial-derived surfactant protein D (SP-D), Krebs von den Lungen 6 glycoprotein (KL-6), CCL18, and OX40 ligand (OX40L). Lung fibrosis was measured by high-resolution computed tomography and pulmonary function tests. Associations of these candidate biomarkers with baseline disease involvement and prediction of disease progression over time (mean ± SD follow-up 3.2 ± 4.4 years) were investigated. RESULTS: In SSc patients at baseline, serum levels of KL-6 correlated with the forced vital capacity (FVC) (r = -0.317, P < 0.001), diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (r = -0.335, P < 0.001), and extent of lung fibrosis (r = 0.551, P < 0.001). In multivariate analyses, serum levels of KL-6 and SP-D, but not CCL18 and OX40L, were associated with lung fibrosis (odds ratio [OR] 2.41, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.43-4.07 [P = 0.001] and OR 3.15, 95% CI 1.81-5.48 [P < 0.001], respectively). In SSc patients with ILD at baseline, longitudinal, multivariate analyses showed that CCL18 serum levels were an independent predictor of a >10% decrease in the FVC (hazard ratio [HR] 2.90, 95% CI 1.25-6.73; P = 0.014) and de novo development of extensive disease (HR 3.71, 95% CI 1.02-13.52; P = 0.048). Matrix-based logistic regression models for the diagnosis and prognosis of SSc-associated ILD were constructed, and these models discriminated 3 groups of risk (mild, moderate, or high) for the diagnosis or worsening of lung fibrosis according to the serum levels of SP-D (for diagnosis) and serum levels of CCL18 (for progression of disease). CONCLUSION: These results show that SP-D is a relevant diagnostic biomarker for SSc-associated ILD, whereas KL-6 could be used to assess the severity of lung fibrosis. CCL18 appears to be a potential predictive marker for progression of ILD in SSc.

7.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2356, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374354

RESUMO

In recent years, accumulating evidence suggest that regulatory T cells (Tregs) are of paramount importance for the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis, even though they represent only about 5-10% of the peripheral CD4+ T cells in humans. Their key role is indeed supported by the spontaneous development of autoimmune diseases after Tregs depletion in mice. Moreover, there is also a growing literature that investigates possible contribution of Tregs numbers and activity in various autoimmune diseases. The contribution of Tregs in autoimmune disease has opened up a new therapeutic avenue based on restoring a healthy balance between Tregs and effector T-cells, such as Treg-based cellular transfer or low-dose IL-2 modulation. These therapies hold the promise of modulating the immune system without immunosuppression, while several issues regarding efficacy and safety need to be addressed. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an orphan connective tissue disease characterized by extensive immune abnormalities but also microvascular injury and fibrosis. Recently, data about the presence and function of Tregs in the pathogenesis of SSc have emerged although they remain scarce so far. First, there is a general agreement in the medical literature with regard to the decreased functional ability of circulating Tregs in SSc. Second the quantification of Tregs in patients have led to contradictory results; although the majority of the studies report reduced frequencies, there are conversely some indications suggesting that in case of disease activity circulating Tregs may increase. This paradoxical situation could be the result of a compensatory, but inefficient, amplification of Tregs in the context of inflammation. Nevertheless, these results must be tempered with regards to the heterogeneity of the studies for the phenotyping of the patients and of the most importance for Tregs definition and activity markers. Therefore, taking into account the appealing developments of Tregs roles in autoimmune diseases, together with preliminary data published in SSc, there is growing interest in deciphering Tregs in SSc, both in humans and mice models, to clarify whether the promises obtained in other autoimmune diseases may also apply to SSc.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30239834

RESUMO

Objectives: To validate enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test and its components-amino-terminal propeptide of procollagen type III (PIIINP), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and HA-as biomarkers of fibrosis in SSc in an independent, international, multicentre cohort. Methods: Two hundred and fifty-four SSc patients from six Rheumatology Centres were included. Sera were collected and stored according to EUSTAR biobanking recommendations and analysed through automated high throughput diagnostics. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS software. Results: Two hundred and forty-seven SSc patients (mean age 55.7 ± 13.9 years, 202 F) were analysed. ELF score, TIMP-1 and PIIINP levels were higher in males (P = 0.0197, P = 0.0107, P = 0.0108 respectively) and in dcSSc (P = 0.001, P = 0.0008, P < 0.0001 respectively). ELF score and the single markers significantly correlated with modified Rodnan skin score (r = 0.37, P < 0.0001), disease activity and severity (P < 0.0001 for all markers, except for HA P = 0.0001) and inversely with forced vital capacity, (FVC) % (TIMP-1, r = -0.21, P = 0.0012; PIIINP, r = -0.26, P = 0.0001), TLC% (ELF score, r = -0.20, P = 0.0036; TIMP-1, r = -0.32, P < 0.0001; PIIINP, r = -0.28, P < 0.0001), diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) % (P < 0.0001 for all markers, except for HA P = 0.0115). Multivariate analysis indicated that age (P < 0.001), modified Rodnan skin score (P < 0.001) and DLCO% (P = 0.005) were independently associated with ELF score. Conclusion: Between the first and this validation studies, the value of the ELF score as independent marker of skin and lung involvement in SSc is confirmed in 457 patients. A longitudinal study is on-going to identify an SSc specific algorithm with predictive value for skin and lung progression.

10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 82-87, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) shows microcirculatory abnormalities in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The inclusion of NC specific abnormalities increases the sensitivity of both 2013 ACR/EULAR and VEDOSS (Very Early Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis) classification criteria. We aimed to detect NC features able to predict progression toward established SSc in VEDOSS patients. METHODS: Sixty-six VEDOSS patients were enrolled. They had a clinical follow-up and underwent NC once a year, considering morphological parameters, appropriate pattern and semi- quantitative rating scale. RESULTS: In a mean follow-up time of 31 months, 21 patients progressed into SSc (P = Progressors), while 45 were "Non Progressor" (NP). Comparing NC basal features of both groups, significantly larger loop diameter and apex width, higher haemorrhage and NC scores were found in P respect to NP patients. When comparing NC features of P patients who progressed within one year (FP = Fast progressor), loop diameter and apex width were significantly higher compared to all VEDOSS subjects. Each unit increase of apex width was associated with an increasing risk of 1% for developing SSc and the cut-off value of 103 µm showed a positive predictive value of 56% and a negative predictive value of 71%. CONCLUSIONS: We describe NC findings in VEDOSS patients, identifying those suggesting a progression into established disease. These findings must be regarded as possible predictive risk factor to develop SSc and can also be of relevance in the detection of those cases with a faster development. Thus NC seems to have a diagnostic and prognostic role in VEDOSS cases.

11.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0203607, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30188942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoangiogenesis is a crucial event to promote the development of the hyperplasic proliferative pathologic synovium in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Ultrasound (US) is sensitive for detection of power Doppler (PD) vascularization. OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between a set of complementary circulating angiogenic markers and a comprehensive US assessment in patients with RA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum levels of eight angiogenic markers were measured by quantitative ELISAs in a total of 125 patients with RA, who were all systematically assessed in parallel by PDUS, performed on 32 joints. RESULTS: Serum levels of soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and Tie-2 were more likely to be increased in patients with synovial hyperemia detected on at least one joint (Power Doppler grade ≥1). sVCAM-1, Tie-2 and Angiostatin concentrations gradually increased together with the grade of the semiquantitative PDUS scale and concentrations of these three markers were markedly increased in patients with moderate to marked hyperemia (Power Doppler grade 2 and 3). Levels of sVCAM-1, Tie-2, and Angiostatin correlated with a global arthritis sum score, defined by the sum of the semiquantitative PDUS scores for all joints examined. Levels of Tie-2 and Placenta Growth Factor (PlGF) were associated with PDUS features indicating residual disease activity. CONCLUSION: Our results support the relevance of measuring serum levels of vascular markers to evaluate the intensity and extent of synovial vascularization. Angiogenic markers, and particularly Tie-2, could be a valuable surrogate of active synovitis and their place in relation to PDUS in clinical practice deserve further investigation.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 197, 2018 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of abatacept in preclinical mouse models of digestive involvement, pulmonary fibrosis, and related pulmonary hypertension (PH), mimicking internal organ involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Abatacept has been evaluated in the chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) mouse model (abatacept 1 mg/mL for 6 weeks), characterized by liver and intestinal fibrosis and in the Fra-2 mouse model (1 mg/mL or 10 mg/mL for 4 weeks), characterized by interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pulmonary vascular remodeling leading to PH. RESULTS: In the cGvHD model, abatacept significantly decreased liver transaminase levels and markedly improved colon inflammation. In the Fra-2 model, abatacept alleviated ILD, with a significant reduction in lung density on chest microcomputed tomography (CT), fibrosis histological score, and lung biochemical markers. Moreover, abatacept reversed PH in Fra-2 mice by improving vessel remodeling and related cardiac hemodynamic impairment. Abatacept significantly reduced fibrogenic marker levels, T-cell proliferation, and M1/M2 macrophage infiltration in lesional lungs of Fra-2 mice. CONCLUSION: Abatacept improves digestive involvement, prevents lung fibrosis, and attenuates PH. These findings suggest that abatacept might be an appealing therapeutic approach beyond skin fibrosis for organ involvement in SSc.

13.
Dis Markers ; 2018: 8509583, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29805720

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the performance of serum and urinary sCD163 concentrations as possible biomarker in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods: Urine and serum samples were obtained from SSc patients and age- and sex-matched controls. Serum and urinary sCD163 concentrations were measured by commercially available ELISA kit. SSc patients were assessed following international guidelines. Cross-sectional analyses were performed. Results: Two hundred and three SSc patients were included. The control group consisted of 47 age- and sex-matched patients having noninflammatory diseases, mainly osteoporosis. Serum sCD163 levels were significantly higher in SSc patients compared with controls (mean ± SD: 529 ± 251 versus 385 ± 153 ng/mL; p < 0.001). Urinary sCD163 concentrations were higher in SSc patients than controls, but this did not reach significance (236 ± 498 versus 176 ± 173 ng/mg uCr; p = 0.580). The sCD163 concentrations were not associated with clinical, laboratory, and instrumental characteristics of SSc patients. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of both serum and urinary sCD163 levels in SSc. Our results show a significant difference for sera values that should be prioritized for further studies as compared to urinary measurements. Our results further support that the M2 macrophages/CD163 signaling system may play a role in the pathogenesis of SSc, although we could not identify a subset of SSc patients with higher concentrations.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/sangue , Receptores de Superfície Celular/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD/urina , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/urina , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/urina
14.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(5): 741-748, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29102156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate effectiveness of systematic switching treatment from innovator infliximab to biosimilar infliximab, and its associated factors. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, all adult patients receiving maintenance therapy with innovator infliximab in Cochin University Hospital were systematically switched to biosimilar infliximab. Effectiveness was assessed by the retention rate of biosimilar infliximab at the time of the third infusion. Sensitivity analyses for effectiveness included changes of disease activity parameters and infliximab trough levels between baseline and the last visit as well as the occurrence of adverse events leading to drug discontinuation. Factors associated with biosimilar infliximab discontinuation at the last visit were explored. RESULTS: A total of 260 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, including 31 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 131 axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and 64 inflammatory bowel diseases. The retention rate was 85% (221/260 patients) at the time of the third biosimilar infusion. Between baseline and the last visit (mean follow-up of 34 weeks), 59 patients (23%) discontinued biosimilar infliximab, mainly due to experienced inefficacy (n = 47, 80%). No clinical or biological factors were associated with biosimilar discontinuation. No serious adverse events occurred. No change in objective disease activity parameters or infliximab trough levels was detected. However, a significant increase of BASDAI (2.94 ± 2.20 vs. 3.18 ± 2.21, P = 0.046, before vs. after switch, respectively) was observed in patients with axSpA. Innovator infliximab was re-established in 47/59 patients (80%). CONCLUSION: No changes in drug trough levels or objective parameters were observed after the systematic switch to biosimilar infliximab in a real clinical practice setting. Only changes in patient-reported outcomes were observed, suggesting attribution effects rather than pharmacological differences.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , França , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(3): 441-450, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28499034

RESUMO

Objectives: The multisystem manifestations of SSc can greatly impact patients' quality of life. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with disability in SSc. Methods: SSc patients from the prospective DeSScipher cohort who had completed the scleroderma health assessment questionnaire (SHAQ), a disability score that combines the health assessment questionnaire and five visual analogue scales, were included in this analysis. The effect of factors possibly associated with disability was analysed with multiple linear regressions. Results: The mean SHAQ and HAQ scores of the 944 patients included were 0.87 (s.d. = 0.66) and 0.92 (s.d. = 0.78); 59% of the patients were in the mild to moderate difficulty SHAQ category (0 ⩽ SHAQ < 1), 34% in the moderate to severe disability category (1 ⩽ SHAQ < 2) and 7% in the severe to very severe disability category (2 ⩽ SHAQ ⩽ 3). The means of the visual analogue scales scores were in order of magnitude: overall disease severity (37 mm), RP (31 mm), pulmonary symptoms (24 mm), gastrointestinal symptoms (20 mm) and digital ulcers (19 mm). In multiple regression, the main factors associated with high SHAQ scores were the presence of dyspnoea [modified New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV (regression coefficient B = 0.62), modified NYHA class III (B = 0.53) and modified NYHA class II (B = 0.21; all vs modified NYHA class I)], FM (B = 0.37), muscle weakness (B = 0.27), digital ulcers (B = 0.20) and gastrointestinal symptoms (oesophageal symptoms, B = 0.16; stomach symptoms, B = 0.15; intestinal symptoms, B = 0.15). Conclusion: SSc patients perceive dyspnoea, pain, digital ulcers, muscle weakness and gastrointestinal symptoms as the main factors driving their level of disability, unlike physicians who emphasize objective measures of disability.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Europa (Continente) , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/psicologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia
17.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 70(8): 1218-1227, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29073343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in systemic sclerosis (SSc), to find specific risk factors, and to assess their impact on quality of life (QoL). METHODS: In a multicenter study, 334 patients completed a self-administered questionnaire on LUTS and QoL. LUTS were classified into 3 main categories: storage, voiding, and post-micturition symptoms. Digestive symptoms burden was captured by a visual analog scale, divided into 5 equal categories. Multivariable logistic regressions were performed to test association between risk factors and LUTS categories. Linear regression adjusted the association between LUTS and QoL. RESULTS: LUTS were recorded in 311 SSc patients (96.0%) and classified as severe in 120 (38.0%). The storage category of LUTS was the most prevalent (91.9%), followed by voiding (72.2%) and then by post-micturition symptoms (49.8%). Risk factors identified in the multivariable models were higher than the median Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index (HAQ DI; odds ratio [OR] 4.2 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.4-12.9]) in the storage category; higher than the median HAQ DI (OR 2.4 [95% CI 1.2-4.9]) for digestive symptoms burden (OR 1.9 [95% CI 1.3-2.7]) and synovitis (OR 4.8 [95% CI 1.0-22.6) in the voiding category; and higher for digestive symptoms burden (OR 1.2 [95% CI 1.0-1.5]) in the post-micturition category of symptoms. These factors also increased the odds of having further severe symptoms. QoL was affected by the 3 categories of LUTS and decreased progressively with increasing frequency of symptoms. CONCLUSION: Self-reported LUTS are among the most frequent symptoms in SSc and are associated with digestive symptoms. SSc patients with LUTS have lower QoL.

18.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2998, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30619351

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune T-cell disease that is characterized by pathological fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. SSc is considered a prototype condition for studying the links between autoimmunity and fibrosis. Costimulatory pathways such as CD28/CTLA-4, ICOS-B7RP1, CD70-CD27, CD40-CD154, or OX40-OX40L play an essential role in the modulation of T-cell and inflammatory immune responses. A growing body of evidence suggests that T-cell costimulation signals might be implicated in the pathogenesis of SSc. CD28, CTLA-4, ICOS, and OX40L are overexpressed in patients with SSc, particularly in patients with cutaneous diffuse forms. In pre-clinical models of SSc, T-cell costimulation blockade with abatacept (CTLA-4-Ig) prevented and induced the regression of inflammation-driven dermal fibrosis, improved digestive involvement, prevented lung fibrosis, and attenuated pulmonary hypertension in complementary models of SSc. Likewise, potent anti-fibrotic effects were seen with the blockade of OX40L by reducing the infiltration of inflammatory cells into lesional tissues leading to decreased fibroblast activation. Concerning clinical effects, a preliminary observational study suggested some effectiveness of abatacept on inflammatory joint involvement, whereas clinical improvement of skin fibrosis was observed in a small placebo-controlled randomized trial. Currently there is one ongoing phase II clinical trial assessing the efficacy of abatacept in SSc (ASSET trial, NCT02161406). Overall, given the lack of available effective agents and the known toxic effects of immunosuppressive agents approved for use in SSc, costimulatory pathways offer the advantage of a targeted approach to costimulatory signals and potentially a better safety profile.

19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 56(11): 1874-1883, 2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977630

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the association between urinary incontinence (UI) and the main clinical and serological subsets of SSc, to assess risk factors for UI and its impact on quality of life (QoL). Methods: UI and QoL were assessed through self-administered questionnaires in 334 patients with SSc from five European tertiary centres. Logistic regressions were performed to test the association between clinical forms, serological status and UI and to adjust for confounders. Further independent predefined SSc risk factors for UI were tested through a multivariable logistic model. Results: The prevalence of UI was 63% (95% CI: 60, 68%). lcSSc and ACAs were both significantly associated with UI even after adjusting for age, sex, disability, diabetes, BMI, caffeine consumption, dyspnoea, faecal incontinence, abnormal bowel movement, presence of overlapping rheumatological disease and pulmonary hypertension [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.4; 95% CI: 1.2, 4.7]. ACA and lcSSc doubled the risk of frequent and heavy urinary leaks. Factors independently associated with UI were as follows: lcSSc (OR = 2.2; 95% CI: 1.1, 3.2), ACA (OR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.4, 5.8), female sex (OR = 10.8; 95% CI: 2.8, 41.3), worsening of dyspnoea (OR = 6.8; 95% CI: 1.2, 36.7), higher HAQ-DI (OR = 3.2; 95% CI: 1.5, 6.7), BMI (OR = 1.1; 95% CI: 1.0, 1.1) and active finger ulceration (OR = 0.3; 95% CI: 0.1, 0.7). Patients suffering from UI had decreased QoL. Conclusion: Self-reported UI is frequent in SSc and disproportionally affects the limited cutaneous form of the disease and patients positive for ACA. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, http://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01971294.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Limitada/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Dedos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Esclerodermia Limitada/complicações , Esclerodermia Limitada/imunologia , Fatores Sexuais , Úlcera Cutânea/epidemiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(11): 1897-1905, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28835464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the causes of death and risk factors in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2011, we examined the death certificates of all French patients with SSc to determine causes of death. Then we examined causes of death and developed a score associated with all-cause mortality from the international European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database. Candidate prognostic factors were tested by Cox proportional hazards regression model by single variable analysis, followed by a multiple variable model stratified by centres. The bootstrapping technique was used for internal validation. RESULTS: We identified 2719 French certificates of deaths related to SSc, mainly from cardiac (31%) and respiratory (18%) causes, and an increase in SSc-specific mortality over time. Over a median follow-up of 2.3 years, 1072 (9.6%) of 11 193 patients from the EUSTAR sample died, from cardiac disease in 27% and respiratory causes in 17%. By multiple variable analysis, a risk score was developed, which accurately predicted the 3-year mortality, with an area under the curve of 0.82. The 3-year survival of patients in the upper quartile was 53%, in contrast with 98% in the first quartile. CONCLUSION: Combining two complementary and detailed databases enabled the collection of an unprecedented 3700 deaths, revealing the major contribution of the cardiopulmonary system to SSc mortality. We also developed a robust score to risk-stratify these patients and estimate their 3-year survival. With the emergence of new therapies, these important observations should help caregivers plan and refine the monitoring and management to prolong these patients' survival.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Bases de Dados Factuais , Atestado de Óbito , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
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