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Arch Virol ; 153(1): 163-70, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18030544


Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major health issue worldwide. Several factors including core gene variation are responsible for the development of chronicity of HBV infection. The present study was designed to identify the variations in the core region of the HBV genome in a local population of chronic hepatitis B patients (n = 57) using a PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Fifty subjects were found to be positive for the presence of HBV DNA. For the core region genotyping, the Ava II and Msp I restriction enzymes were used. Mutations at nucleotide (nt) 2147 and nt 2362 in the HBV genome in the core region for Ava II (A4 type, 74%) and nt 2331 for Msp I (M1 type, 66%) were observed as the most common pattern. These results are different from those of previously reported studies on other populations and thus appear to be unique to the Pakistani population. This type of characterization of core mutants may be useful for the design of vaccines based on viral epitopes that are effective for the Pakistani population. Moreover, these unique genotypic patterns for the HBV core gene might be some of the main factors responsible for understanding the underlying mechanism by which HBV chronicity is developed in the Pakistani population.

DNA Viral/análise , Genótipo , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/classificação , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Paquistão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Mapeamento por Restrição
NMR Biomed ; 18(8): 517-26, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16206131


Sandhoff disease, one of several related lysosomal storage disorders, results from the build up of N-acetyl-containing glycosphingolipids in the brain and is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the hexosaminidase beta-subunit. Affected individuals undergo progressive neurodegeneration in response to the glycosphingolipid storage. (1)H magnetic resonance spectra of perchloric acid extracts of Sandhoff mouse brain exhibited several resonances ca 2.07 ppm that were not present in the corresponding spectra from extracts of wild-type mouse brain. High-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry of the Sandhoff extracts post-MRS identified the presence of N-acetylhexosamine-containing oligosaccharides, which are the likely cause of the additional MRS resonances. MRS of intact brain tissue with magic angle spinning also showed additional resonances at ca 2.07 ppm in the Sandhoff case. These resonances appeared to increase with disease progression and probably arise, for the most part, from the stored glycosphingolipids, which are absent in the aqueous extracts. Hence in vivo MRS may be a useful tool for detecting early-stage Sandhoff disease and response to treatment.

Hexoses/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Doença de Sandhoff/metabolismo , Animais , Configuração de Carboidratos , Sequência de Carboidratos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Oligossacarídeos/química , Doença de Sandhoff/fisiopatologia , Extratos de Tecidos/química