Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 62
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 126: 104242, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450131

RESUMO

Although, in mammals, the Krüppel-like transcription factor 13 (KLF13) plays an essential role in cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, apoptosis, tumorigenesis, immune regulation, and inflammation, its role in penaeid shrimp is unclear. In the current study, we characterized a KLF13 homolog in Penaeus vannamei (PvKLF13), with full-length cDNA of 1677 bp and 1068 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 355 amino acids, which contains three ZnF_C2H2 domains. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis revealed that PvKLF13 shares a close evolutionary relationship with KLF13 from invertebrates. Transcript levels of PvKLF13 were ubiquitously expressed in shrimp and induced in hemocytes upon challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Streptococcus iniae, and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), suggesting the involvement of PvKLF13 in shrimp immune response to pathogens. Besides, knockdown of PvKLF13 decreased hemocytes apoptosis in terms of increased expression of pro-survival PvBcl-2, but decreased expression of pro-apoptotic PvBax and PvCytochrome C, coupled with high PvCaspase3/7 activity, especially upon V. parahaemolyticus challenge. The findings here indicate the involvement of PvKLF13 in apoptotic cell clearance as an essential part of shrimp innate immune response to pathogens.

2.
mSystems ; : e0091721, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636669

RESUMO

Molting is a crucial lifelong process in the growth, development, and reproduction of crustaceans. In mud crab (Scylla paramamosain), new exoskeleton, gills, and appendages are formed after a molting, which contributes to a 40 to 90% increase in body weight. However, little is currently known about the associations between molting and the dynamic changes of microbiota and physiological characteristics in mud crabs. In this study, the effects of molting on changes of the microbiome, immune response, and digestive enzyme activities in mud crabs were investigated. The results showed dynamic changes in the abundances and community compositions of crab-associated microbiota harboring the gills, subcuticular epidermis, hepatopancreas, midgut, and hemolymph during molting. Renewed microbiota was observed in the gills and midgut of crabs at the postmolt stages, which seems to be related to the formation of a new exoskeleton after the molting. A significant positive correlation between the expression of two antimicrobial peptide (AMP) genes (SpALF5 and SpCrustin) and the relative abundance of two predominant microorganisms (Halomonas and Shewanella) in hemolymph was observed in the whole molt cycle, suggesting that AMPs play a role in modulating hemolymph microbiota. Furthermore, digestive enzymes might play a vital role in the changes of microbiota harboring the hepatopancreas and midgut, which provide suitable conditions for restoring and reconstructing host-microbiome homeostasis during molting. In conclusion, this study confirms that molting affects host-associated microbiota and further sheds light on the effects on the immune response and the digestive systems as well. IMPORTANCE Molting is crucial for crustaceans. In mud crab, its exoskeleton is renewed periodically during molting, and this process is an ideal model to study the effects of host development on its microbiota. Here, multiple approaches were used to investigate the changes in microbial taxa, immune response, and digestive enzyme activity with respect to molting in mud crab. The results found that a renewed microbiota was generated in the gills and midgut of crab after a molt. A significant positive correlation between changes in the relative abundances of microbes (such as Halomonas and Shewanella) and the expression of AMP genes (SpALF5 and SpCrustin) was observed in the hemolymph of crabs during the whole molt cycle, suggesting the modulation of hemolymph microbes by AMPs. Furthermore, the digestive enzymes were found to participate in the regulation of microbiota in hepatopancreas and midgut, consequently providing a suitable condition for the restoration and reconstruction of host-microbiome homeostasis during the molting. This study confirms that molting affects the microbial communities and concomitantly influences the immune and digestive systems in mud crabs. This is also the first time the homeostasis of the host and microbiome, and the associations between molting and physiological characteristics in crustaceans, have been revealed.

3.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 127: 104293, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648768

RESUMO

Arginine metabolism pathway enzymes and products are important modulators of several physiological processes in animals, including immune response. Although some components of the arginine metabolic pathway have been reported in penaeid shrimps, no systematic study has explored all the key pathway enzymes involved in shrimp antimicrobial response. Here, we explored the role of the three key arginine metabolism enzymes (nitric-oxide synthase (NOS), arginase (ARG), agmatinase (AGM)) in Penaeus vannamei antimicrobial immunity. First, P. vannamei homologs of ARG and AGM (PvARG and PvAGM) were cloned and found to be evolutionally conserved with invertebrate counterparts. Transcript levels of PvARG, PvAGM, and PvNOS were ubiquitously expressed in healthy shrimp tissues and induced in hemocytes and hepatopancreas upon challenge with Gram-negative (Vibrio parahaemolyticus) and Gram-positive (Streptoccocus iniae) bacteria, suggesting their involvement in shrimp antimicrobial immune response. Besides, RNA interference knockdown and enzyme activity assay revealed an antagonistic relationship between PvARG/PvAGM and PvNOS, while this relationship was broken upon pathogen stimulation. Interestingly, knockdown of PvNOS increased Vibrio abundance in shrimp hemolymph, whereas knockdown of PvAGR reduced Vibrio abundance. Taken together, our present data shows that homologs of the key arginine metabolism pathway enzymes in penaeid shrimp (PvARG, PvAGM, and PvNOS) work synergistically and/or antagonistically to modulate antibacterial immune response.

4.
Mol Immunol ; 138: 181-187, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450346

RESUMO

Prophenoloxidase (proPO)-activating system is a critical innate immune defense in invertebrates. However, the mechanisms involved in regulating the phenoloxidase (PO) activity in shrimp hemolymph remain ill-defined. Our previous studies showed that Penaeus vannamei hemocyanin (HMC) and α2-macroglobulin (α2M), two key regulators of proPO-activating system in plasma, might interact with each other, indicating that this interaction could be implicated in controlling PO activity. Herein, we further confirmed that HMC specifically bind to α2M using Pull down and Far-Western blot analyses. Further studies demonstrated that HMC could directly interact with the receptor binding domain of α2M. In addition, HMC and α2M followed similar expression pattern upon Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection, suggesting the interaction of HMC and α2M might have a role in immune response. Finally, we found that α2M, as a broad-spectrum proteinase inhibitor, suppressed the serum PO activity in vitro, while hemocyanin could partially restore this inhibitory effect. In sum, the present data indicate that HMC interacts with α2M and therefore modulates the PO activity. This finding contributes to better understanding of stable state maintenance of PO activity in shrimp.

5.
PLoS Pathog ; 17(8): e1009837, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379706

RESUMO

It is well known that exosomes could serve as anti-microbial immune factors in animals. However, despite growing evidences have shown that the homeostasis of the hemolymph microbiota was vital for immune regulation in crustaceans, the relationship between exosomes and hemolymph microbiota homeostasis during pathogenic bacteria infection has not been addressed. Here, we reported that exosomes released from Vibrio parahaemolyticus-infected mud crabs (Scylla paramamosain) could help to maintain the homeostasis of hemolymph microbiota and have a protective effect on the mortality of the host during the infection process. We further confirmed that miR-224 was densely packaged in these exosomes, resulting in the suppression of HSP70 and disruption of the HSP70-TRAF6 complex, then the released TRAF6 further interacted with Ecsit to regulate the production of mitochondrial ROS (mROS) and the expression of Anti-lipopolysaccharide factors (ALFs) in recipient hemocytes, which eventually affected hemolymph microbiota homeostasis in response to the pathogenic bacteria infection in mud crab. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first document that reports the role of exosome in the hemolymph microbiota homeostasis modulation during pathogen infection, which reveals the crosstalk between exosomal miRNAs and innate immune response in crustaceans.

6.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 77: 105676, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315058

RESUMO

In recent years, foodborne diseases caused by Escherichia coli are a major threat to the food industry and consumers. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and ultrasound both have good inhibitory effects on E. coli. In this work, the mechanism of action and synergistic effect of an in silico predicted AMP, designated as TGH2 (AEFLREKLGDKCTDRHV), from the C-terminal sequence of Tegillarca granosa hemoglobin, combined with low-intensity ultrasound was explored. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of TGH2 on E. coli decreased by 4-fold to 31.25 µg/mL under 0.3 W/cm2 ultrasound treatment, while the time kill curve analysis showed that low-intensity ultrasound combined with peptide TGH2 had an enhanced synergistic bactericidal effect after 0.5 h. The permeability on E. coli cell membrane increased progressively during combined treatment with peptide TGH2 and low-intensity ultrasound, resulting in the leakage of intracellular solutes, as shown by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Structural analysis using circular dichroism (CD) revealed that peptide TGH2 has an α-helical structure, showing a slight untwisting effect under 0.3 W/cm2 ultrasound treatment for 0.5 h. The findings here provide new insight into the potential application of ultrasound and AMPs combination in food preservation.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cinética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
7.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 125: 104147, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111502

RESUMO

In the Notch signaling pathway in vertebrates and invertebrates, the ligand Delta plays crucial roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and immunity. Although the Notch signaling pathway has recently been implicated in the immune defense of Penaeus vannamei, the association of Delta with this immune response remains unclear. Here, we cloned and characterized the Delta homolog in P. vannamei (designated as PvDelta). PvDelta has a 2493 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 830 amino acids. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that PvDelta contains an N-terminal signal peptide, a conserved Notch ligand (MNNL) domain, a Delta/Serrate/Lag-2 segment, 9 epidermal growth factors segments, a transmembrane domain, and shares high homology with other Delta family members. Transcripts of PvDelta were detected in all shrimp tissues tested and were induced by Vibrio parahaemolyticus, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), indicating its involvement in shrimp immune response. Moreover, after PvDelta knockdown followed by LPS stimulation, the expression of Notch signaling pathway genes (i.e., PvNotch, PvCSL, and PvHey) was downregulated. Finally, shrimp depleted of PvDelta showed a lower survival rate in response to V. parahaemolyticus challenge. In sum, our data reveal that PvDelta is involved in the innate immunity of shrimp by positively modulating the Notch signaling pathway.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 697397, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122458

RESUMO

Shrimp aquaculture is an essential economic venture globally, but the industry faces numerous challenges, especially pathogenic infections. As invertebrates, shrimp rely mainly on their innate immune system for protection. An increasing number of studies have shown that ubiquitination plays a vital role in the innate immune response to microbial pathogens. As an important form of posttranslational modification (PTM), both hosts and pathogens have exploited ubiquitination and the ubiquitin system as an immune response strategy to outwit the other. This short review brings together recent findings on ubiquitination and how this PTM plays a critical role in immune modulation in penaeid shrimps. Key findings inferred from other species would help guide further studies on ubiquitination as an immune response strategy in shrimp-pathogen interactions.

9.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630204

RESUMO

Current cancer treatment regimens such as chemotherapy and traditional chemical drugs have adverse side effects including the appearance of drug-resistant tumor cells. For these reasons, it is imperative to find novel therapeutic agents that overcome these factors. To this end, we explored a cationic antimicrobial peptide derived from Litopenaeus vannamei hemocyanin (designated LvHemB1) that induces cancer cell death, but sparing normal cells. LvHemB1 inhibits the proliferation of human cervical (HeLa), esophageal (EC109), hepatocellular (HepG2), and bladder (EJ) cancer cell lines, but had no significant effect on normal liver cell lines (T-antigen-immortalized human liver epithelial (THLE-3) cells). In addition to its antiproliferative effects, LvHemB1 induced apoptosis, by permeating cells and targeting mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1). Colocalization studies revealed the localization of LvHemB1 in mitochondria, while molecular docking and pull-down analyses confirmed LvHemB1-VDAC1 interaction. Moreover, LvHemB1 causes loss in mitochondrial membrane potential and increases levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptotic proteins (caspase-9, caspase-3, and Bax (Bcl-2-associated X)), which results in mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis. Thus, peptide LvHemB1 has the potential of being used as an anticancer agent due to its antiproliferation effect and targeting to VDAC1 to cause mitochondrial dysfunction in cancer cells, as well as its ability to induce apoptosis by increasing ROS levels, and the expression of proapoptotic proteins.

11.
Virulence ; 12(1): 481-492, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487106

RESUMO

Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a major debilitating disease that causes massive shrimp death resulting in substantial economic losses in shrimp aquaculture. The Pir toxin proteins secreted by a unique strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus play an essential role in the pathogenesis of AHPND. At present, most studies on the effects of Pir toxin proteins in shrimp focus on digestive tissues or organs such as hepatopancreas, stomach, etc., with none on the immune organs. In the present study, two recombinant Pir toxin proteins (rPirA and rPirB) of V. parahaemolyticus were expressed with rPirB shown to enter shrimp hemocytes. Employing pull-down and LC-MS/MS analysis, GST-rPirB was found to interact with 13 proteins in hemocytes, including histone H3 and histone H4 and among which histone H4 had the highest protein score. Further analysis using GST pull-down and Far-Western blot analysis revealed that rPirB could interact with histone H4. In addition, using the purified nucleosome protein from Drosophila S2 cells, it was found that PirB protein could specifically bind to histones. When flow cytometry was applied, it was observed that the interaction between PirB and histones in shrimp hemocytes induces apoptosis, which results in the dephosphorylation of Serine 10 in histone H3. Collectively, the current study shows that in addition to its effect on the digestive tract of shrimp, the PirB toxin protein interacts with histones to affect the phosphorylation of histone H3-S10, thereby inducing apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Hemócitos/patologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/química , Animais , Aquicultura , Drosophila/citologia , Hepatopâncreas/patologia , Penaeidae/citologia , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Fosforilação , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/patogenicidade
12.
Virus Res ; 291: 198218, 2021 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152380

RESUMO

Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus that is a major threat to grouper aquaculture. The pathogenesis of SGIV is not well understood so far. Previous studies have revealed that ICP18, an immediate early protein encoded by SGIV ORF086R gene, promotes viral replication by regulating cell proliferation and virus assembly. In the present study, the potential functions of ICP18 were further explored by probing into its interactors using a proximity-dependent BioID method. Since our in-house grouper embryonic cells (a natural host cell of SGIV) could not be efficiently transfected with the plasmid DNA, and the grouper genome data for mass spectrometry-based protein identification is not currently available, we chosen a non-permissive cell (HEK293 T) as a substitute for this study. A total of 112 cellular proteins that potentially bind to ICP18 were identified by mass spectrometry analysis. Homology analysis showed that among these identified proteins, 110 candidate ICP18-interactors had homologous proteins in zebrafish (a host of SGIV), and shared high sequence identity. Further analysis revealed that the identified ICP18-interacting proteins modulate various cellular processes such as cell cycle and cell adhesion. In addition, the interaction between ICP18 and its candidate interactor, i.e., cyclin-dependent kinase1 (CDK1), was confirmed using Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and Pull-down assays. Collectively, our present data provides additional insight into the biological functions of ICP18 during viral infection, which could help in further unraveling the pathogenesis of SGIV.


Assuntos
Bass/virologia , Iridovirus/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular , Ciclo Celular , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/metabolismo , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Iridovirus/química , Iridovirus/classificação , Iridovirus/genética , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Singapura , Proteínas Virais/genética , Replicação Viral
13.
J Proteomics ; 232: 104074, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309928

RESUMO

Notch signaling pathway is a highly evolutionary conserved signaling pathway, which modulates many biological processes such as cell differentiation, tissue development and immune response. Our previous study revealed that Litopenaeus vannamei Notch (LvNotch) was involved in immune response by regulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in hemocytes. However, the immune regulatory networks mediated by LvNotch remain unclear in shrimp. In this study, 21 proteins that potentially interact with LvNotch were identified by GST pull-down and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses. Among these proteins, COP9 signalosome complex subunit 1 (CSN1) was chosen for further studies due to its putative role in immune response. The interaction between LvNotch and LvCSN1 was confirmed by Far-Western blot and GST pull-down analyses. In vivo knockdown of LvNotch resulted in an increase in LvCSN1 expression in hemocytes, which suggest that the COP9 signalosome complex might be negatively regulated by LvNotch. In addition, in vivo silencing of LvNotch upregulated the expression of LvDorsal, LvTNFSF and LvCrustin2 (NF-κB pathway related-genes), while their expression decreased after LvCSN1 depletion. Collectively, the current results indicate that LvNotch negatively regulates the NF-κB pathway by modulating LvCSN1 in shrimp. SIGNIFICANCE: Although the Notch signaling pathway has been implicated in the regulation of immune response in vertebrates and invertebrates, the functions and immune-related interacting networks of Notch in shrimp immune response remain unknown. In this study, twenty-one proteins including COP9 signalosome complex subunit 1 (CSN1) were identified as potential interacting partners of LvNotch. Further analysis revealed that LvNotch negatively regulates the NF-κB pathway by binding to CSN1 and modulating its expression. These findings for the first time suggest that the Notch signaling pathway has cross-talk with the NF-κB pathway in shrimp as part of the immune response.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Penaeidae , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes , Complexo do Signalossomo COP9 , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
Front Immunol ; 11: 574721, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224140

RESUMO

Aquaculture production of crustaceans (mainly shrimp and crabs) has expanded globally, but disease outbreaks and pathogenic infections have hampered production in the last two decades. As invertebrates, crustaceans lack an adaptive immune system and mainly defend and protect themselves using their innate immune system. The immune system derives energy and metabolites from nutrients, with amino acids constituting one such source. A growing number of studies have shown that amino acids and their metabolites are involved in the activation, synthesis, proliferation, and differentiation of immune cells, as well as in the activation of immune related signaling pathways, reduction of inflammatory response and regulation of oxidative stress. Key enzymes in amino acid metabolism have also been implicated in the regulation of the immune system. Here, we reviewed the role played by amino acids and their metabolites in immune-modulation in crustaceans. Information is inferred from mammals and fish where none exists for crustaceans. Research themes are identified and the relevant research gaps highlighted for further studies.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/imunologia , Crustáceos/imunologia , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Crustáceos/metabolismo , Sistema Imunitário/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 335: 108891, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977153

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides are being explored for use as food preservatives to prevent foodborne diseases. In this study, bioinformatics tools were used to screen potential antimicrobial amino acid sequences from the whey acidic protein (WAP) of large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea). A novel antimicrobial peptide, designated as LCWAP, was identified and its antimicrobial effect and mechanism of action on Staphylococcus aureus was explored. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of LCWAP on S. aureus was 15.6 µg/mL. Transmission electron microscopy and laser confocal microscopy revealed that LCWAP kills bacteria by aggregating on the cell surface, destroying the integrity of bacterial cell membrane and resulting in the leakage of intracellular solutes. Moreover, peptide LCWAP inhibit biofilm formation, at concentrations of 1-1/16 × MIC, with biofilm formation found to decrease by 94.3%-13.7% upon LCWAP treatment. The ability of peptide LCWAP to bind bacteria DNA was revealed using electrophoresis analysis and ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy, with peptide LCWAP/DNA weight ratios of 125/1, and 17.3% decrease in the absorption peak of LCWAP. Furthermore, LCWAP had no cytotoxic effects on normal human hepatocytes, although it had strong inhibitory effect on S. aureus growth in milk.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas do Leite/farmacologia , Leite/microbiologia , Perciformes , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular , DNA Bacteriano/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Conservantes de Alimentos/química , Conservantes de Alimentos/farmacologia , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Proteínas do Leite/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 246: 116626, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747263

RESUMO

This study examined the beneficial effects of porphyran from Porphyra haitanensis (PHP) on intestinal epithelial cells, in terms of cell proliferation and migration and elucidated the potential molecular mechanism of action of PHP. Purified PHP is a homogenous polysaccharide with a molecular weight of 2.01 × 105 Da, intrinsic viscosity [η] of 463.76 mL/g, and radius of gyration of 61.2 nm. When the intestinal epithelial wound healing activity of PHP was investigated in vitro using the IEC-6 cell line (intestinal epithelial cells-6), it was found that PHP could promote cell migration and proliferation. PHP enhanced the protein expression of cell division control protein 42, paxillin, and focal adhesion kinase, which suggest that PHP might modulate the expression of these proteins to improve intestinal epithelial healing. Thus, this study indicated that PHP could serve as a potential source of functional food constituents for intestinal epithelial protection and restoration.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Porphyra/química , Sefarose/análogos & derivados , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/genética , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/química , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/isolamento & purificação , Mucosa Intestinal/citologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Peso Molecular , Paxilina/genética , Paxilina/metabolismo , Pseudópodes/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudópodes/metabolismo , Ratos , Sefarose/química , Sefarose/isolamento & purificação , Sefarose/farmacologia , Viscosidade , Proteína cdc42 de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteína cdc42 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
17.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 46(6): 2085-2099, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820365

RESUMO

Commonly used aquatic feed naturally contains low-level or no hydroxyproline (Hyp). This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary Hyp inclusion on growth performance, body composition, amino acid profiles, blood biochemistry, and the expression of target of rapamycin (TOR) pathway-related genes in juvenile Nibea diacanthus. Fish with similar size (initial body weight, 133.00 ± 2.14 g) were fed six isonitrogenous and isolipidic practical diets supplemented with graded levels of Hyp (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 g kg-1 of dry matter) for 8 weeks. The results indicated that growth performance and feed utilization were improved with increased levels of dietary Hyp (P < 0.05), and the optimum amount of dietary Hyp estimated from SGR as 16.6 g kg-1. The crude protein of whole body and swim bladder and the amino acid composition of muscle and swim bladder were significantly (P < 0.05) affected by the addition of dietary Hyp, which reflects the important role of feed composition in animal body composition. In addition, the expression levels of mammalian target of rapamycin (TOR) and ribosomal protein S6 kinase1 (S6K1) genes in the liver, muscle, and swim bladder increased with increasing Hyp content of diets, while the mRNA expression level of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein (4E-BP) gene in these tissues decreased. These results indicated that Hyp improved fish growth and the ability to synthesize proteins, most likely through the TOR pathway. It is suggested that dietary Hyp supplementation is particularly necessary for application in aquatic feed.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Hidroxiprolina/farmacologia , Perciformes , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Cálcio/sangue , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Colesterol/sangue , Dieta/veterinária , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculos/metabolismo , Perciformes/genética , Perciformes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Perciformes/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
18.
Microb Pathog ; 147: 104302, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504846

RESUMO

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative bacterium and the one of leading causal agent of human foodborne diseases such as gastroenteritis upon consumption of raw, or contaminated marine products. There is an increased interest in the use of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as alternative food preservatives to prevent foodborne diseases. In this study, bioinformatics tools were used to predict and screen AMPs derived from hemoglobin of blood clam (Tegillarca granosa). A novel AMP, T. granosa hemoglobin-derived peptide (TGH1), was identified and its antimicrobial effect and mechanism of action on V. parahaemolyticus was explored. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of TGH1 on V. parahaemolyticus was 12.5 µg/mL. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that TGH1 kills bacteria by perforating the cell wall perforation and destroying integrity of the cell membrane. Similarly, laser confocal microscopy confirmed that TGH1 entered bacterial cells by aggregating on the cell surface to destroy the cell. In addition, TGH1 increased the inner-membrane permeability of V. parahaemolyticus in a concentration-dependent manner, as well as prevented biofilm formation. Moreover, TGH1 has 55.6% ß-sheet (antiparallel) structure and has no cytotoxic effects on normal human hepatocytes. Thus, peptide TGH1 has good potential use and application in antimicrobial control of foodborne pathogens.


Assuntos
Arcidae , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Animais , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Peptídeos/farmacologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544537

RESUMO

The sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) transcription factors family, which regulate the expression of genes involved in cellular lipid metabolism and homeostasis, have recently been implicated in various physiological and pathophysiological processes such as immune regulation and inflammation in vertebrates. Consistent with other invertebrates, we identified a single SREBP ortholog in Penaeus vannamei (designated PvSREBP) with transcripts ubiquitously expressed in tissues and induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Streptococcus iniae. In vivo RNA interference (RNAi) of PvSREBP attenuated the expression of several fatty acid metabolism-related genes (i.e., cyclooxygenase (PvCOX), lipoxygenase (PvLOX), fatty acid binding protein (PvFABP) and fatty acid synthase (PvFASN)), which consequently decreased the levels of total polyunsaturated fatty acids (ΣPUFAs). In addition, PvSREBP silencing decreased transcript levels of several immune-related genes such as hemocyanin (PvHMC) and trypsin (PvTrypsin), as well as genes encoding for heat-shock proteins (i.e., PvHSP60, PvHSP70 and PvHSP90). Moreover, in silico analysis revealed the presence of SREBP binding motifs on the promoters of most of the dysregulated genes, while shrimp depleted of PvSREBP were more susceptible to V. parahaemolyticus infection. Collectively, we demonstrated the involvement of shrimp SREBP in fatty acids metabolism and immune response, and propose that PvSREBP and PvHMC modulate each other through a feedback mechanism to establish homeostasis. The current study is the first to show the dual role of SREBP in fatty acid metabolism and immune response in invertebrates and crustaceans.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Penaeidae , Proteínas de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Proteínas de Artrópodes/imunologia , Proteínas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Hemocianinas/genética , Hemócitos/imunologia , Hepatopâncreas/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Penaeidae/imunologia , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol/metabolismo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/metabolismo , Infecções Estreptocócicas/veterinária , Streptococcus iniae , Tripsina/genética , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrioses/metabolismo , Vibrioses/veterinária , Vibrio parahaemolyticus
20.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 107: 103662, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122820

RESUMO

Hemocyanin is a respiratory protein that possesses multiple physiological and immunological functions in shrimp. However, the transcriptional regulation of the hemocyanin gene is still poorly understood. Here, the nuclear receptor E75 of Litopenaeus vannamei (LvE75) was identified as one of the transcriptional regulators that modulates the transcription of the small molecular weight hemocyanin gene of L. vannamei (LvHMCs) by inhibiting its core promoter activity in a Dual-luciferase assay. In silico analysis revealed that the core promoter (designated HsP3), which is located at +1517/+1849 bp of LvHMCs contained a putative E75 binding motif ("ACGGAAT", spanning +1812/+1818 bp). Further, LvE75 was shown to inhibit the core promoter activity by direct binding. Importantly, in vivo silencing of LvE75 resulted in a significant upregulation in the mRNA and protein expression of LvHMCs gene. Taken together, our present results provide direct evidence that LvE75 is a transcriptional suppressor of the LvHMCs gene expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Hemocianinas/genética , Penaeidae/fisiologia , Subunidades Proteicas/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Imunidade Inata , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...