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1.
Cureus ; 11(8): e5496, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667032

RESUMO

Introduction The aim of this study was to present our results regarding the feasibility and possible complications of 4.5 Fr semi-rigid ureterorenoscopy (URS) treatments in pediatric patients. Methods The files and computer records of a total of 33 pediatric patients (20 males and 13 females), who underwent URS procedures for ureteral stones > 5 mm between January 2013 and June 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. A 4.5 Fr semi-rigid ureteroscope (Ultrathin 4.5/6.5 Fr Ureterorenoscope; Richard Wolf GmbH, Knittlingen, Germany) was used for the URS procedures. For the stone-free rate evaluations, abdominopelvic ultrasound or direct radiography scans were performed one week after the surgery, and low-dose non-contrast computed tomography (CT) was performed during the first month. Results The mean age of the patients was 9.8 ± 2.8 (range 4-16) years old, and the mean ureteral stone size was 8.9 ± 1.4 (range 6-13) mm. The mean surgical duration was 45 ± 21.2 (range 30-75) minutes, and the mean hospital stay length was 1.2 (range 1-4) days. Minor complications occurred in five (15.1%) of the patients. The success rates for the first week and first month were 90.9% and 96.9%, respectively. Conclusion The endoscopic management of pediatric ureteral stones using a 4.5 Fr ureteroscope seems to be a safe and feasible treatment option with high success and low complication rates.

2.
Cureus ; 11(3): e4329, 2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183308

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clot retention in the urinary bladder is a very common health problem in surgical and nonsurgical cases and clot retention treatment is quite costly. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to describe an alternative technique for removing tenacious and chronic clots by using a thoracic catheter technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and June 2018, a total of 27 patients of clot retention were treated under local anesthesia with the thoracic catheter technique. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients with a mean age of 58 years (range 45-70) were included. The etiologies of bladder clots included surgical causes and nonsurgical causes. Of the surgical causes, the most common cause was post-transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). The nonsurgical causes were upper tract bleeding, drug-induced bleeding, post-traumatic bleeding, and haematochyluria. It was found that the thoracic catheter technique was simple and easily adoptable, with no training required. CONCLUSIONS: Clot retention in the urinary bladder is a very common problem in surgical and nonsurgical cases. Our technique is a simple, safe, fast, and effective option of clot removal from the urinary bladder and it doesn't require any added cost.

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