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1.
Clin Rehabil ; 35(5): 681-691, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effectiveness of positive expiratory pressure blow-bottle device compared to expiratory positive airway pressure and conventional physiotherapy on pulmonary function in postoperative cardiac surgery patients in intensive care unit. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Tertiary care. SUBJECTS: 48 patients (16 in each group; aged 64.5 ± 9.1 years, 38 male) submitted to cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized into conventional physiotherapy (G1), positive expiratory pressure blow-bottle device (G2) or expiratory positive airway pressure, both associated with conventional physiotherapy (G3). G2 and G3 performed three sets of 10 repetitions in each session for each technique. MAIN MEASURES: Pulmonary function (primary); respiratory muscle strength, radiological changes, pulmonary complications, length of intensive care unit and hospital stay (secondary) assessed preoperatively and on the 3rd postoperative day. RESULTS: Pulmonary function (except for forced expiratory volume in one second/ forced vital capacity % predicted) and respiratory muscle strength showed significant reduction from the preoperative to the 3rd postoperative in all groups (P < 0.001), with no difference between groups (P > 0.05). Regarding radiological changes, length of intensive care unit stay and length of hospital stay, there was no significant difference between groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Both positive expiratory pressure techniques associated with conventional physiotherapy were similar, but there was no difference regarding the use of positive expiratory pressure compared to conventional physiotherapy. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03639974.https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03639974.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/reabilitação , Cuidados Críticos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/reabilitação , Terapia Respiratória , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Capacidade Vital
2.
Phys Ther ; 100(12): 2099-2109, 2020 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) have already been demonstrated in patients with heart failure (HF), but the best mode of training and which patients benefit from this intervention are not clear. The purpose of this study was to review the effects of IMT on respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, pulmonary function, quality of life, and dyspnea in patients with HF; IMT isolated or combined with another intervention (combined IMT), the presence of inspiratory muscle weakness, training load, and intervention time were considered. METHODS: The search included the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and LILACS database through September 2019. The review included randomized studies that assessed IMT in isolation or combined with another intervention-in comparison with a control group, a placebo, or another intervention-in patients with HF. Fourteen studies were included, 13 for meta-analysis (10 for isolated IMT and 3 for combined IMT). RESULTS: Isolated IMT demonstrated an increase in maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) (25.12 cm H2O; 95% CI = 15.29 - 34.95), 6-Minute Walk Test (81.18 m; 95% CI = 9.73 - 152.63), maximum oxygen consumption (12 weeks: 3.75 mL/kg/min; 95% CI = 2.98 to 4.51), and quality of life (-20.68; 95% CI = -29.03 to -12.32). The presence of inspiratory muscle weakness, higher loads, and longer intervention times resulted in greater increases in MIP. IMT combined with another intervention demonstrated an increase only in MIP. CONCLUSIONS: Isolated IMT resulted in an increase in inspiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, and quality of life. IMT combined with another intervention resulted only in a small increase in inspiratory strength. Isolated IMT with higher loads can be considered an adjuvant intervention, especially for those who do not adhere to conventional rehabilitation and who have respiratory muscle weakness. IMPACT: A systematic review was necessary to review the effects of IMT on respiratory muscle strength, lung function, functional capacity, quality of life, and dyspnea in patients with HF. Various clinical issues important for a better training prescription were considered; these included whether the performance of the training IMT as a form of isolated training benefits patients with HF, whether the combination of IMT with another intervention has additional effects, whether any patient with HF can benefit from IMT (alone or combined with another intervention), and whether only patients who already have respiratory muscle weakness benefit. Also important was establishing which training load provides the best result and the best intervention time, so that health care can be provided more efficiently. LAY SUMMARY: For people with heart failure, IMT by itself, without being combined with other exercise, can improve ease of breathing, increase the amount of distance that they can walk, and improve quality of life. Inspiratory training with higher loads might be helpful for those with respiratory muscle weakness who are unable to do conventional exercise.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Viés , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Teste de Caminhada
3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 22(5): 1429-1440, 2017 May.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28538915

RESUMO

This article aims to analyze the extent to which Brazil's public sector has made progress in institutionalizing an integral and participative model for the healthcare of government workers, based on the principles of universality, integrality and workers' participation. Based on documents produced by the Rio de Janeiro Permanent Forum on Workers' Health, the paper analyses the process of implantation of the Integrated Public Workers' Healthcare Sub-System (SIASS) in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro over the period 2009-2016, based on the historical institutionalism. Although it was conceived as an integrated system referenced to the principles of workers' health, as from 2013 an inflexion was observed in this Subsystem, in the direction of a conservative model of occupational health, such as had been traditional and hegemonic in labor relations in Brazil. One factor that emerges is the loss of the universal character of the system due to the flexibility of employment relations in the public sector. There are various challenges: the need to expand the dialogue, and integration of the Policies on health, employment relations and management of the public administration, in such a way as to guarantee the principles of workers' health and the universality of the system, evolving from the concept of the 'public servant' to that of the 'public employee'.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Empregados do Governo , Política de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Brasil , Emprego , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Setor Público
4.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 22(5): 1429-1440, maio 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-839983

RESUMO

Resumo Este artigo propõe-se a analisar em que medida o setor público tem avançado no sentido da institucionalização de um modelo integral e participativo de atenção à saúde do servidor, pautado pelos princípios da universalidade, integralidade e participação dos trabalhadores. A partir dos documentos produzidos pelo Fórum Permanente de Saúde do Trabalhador do Rio de Janeiro foi feita uma análise do processo de implantação do Subsistema Integrado de Atenção à Saúde do Servidor Público (SIASS) no Município do Rio de Janeiro, no período de 2009 a 2016 com base no institucionalismo histórico. Embora concebido como um sistema integrado referenciado pelos princípios da saúde do trabalhador, observa-se uma inflexão, a partir de 2013, na direção de um modelo conservador da saúde ocupacional, tradicional e hegemônico nas relações trabalhistas no Brasil. Destaca-se também a perda do caráter universal do sistema em função da flexibilização das relações de trabalho no setor público. Como desafios têm-se a necessidade de ampliar o diálogo e a Integração das Políticas de Saúde, Trabalho e Gestão na Administração Pública, de forma a garantir os princípios da saúde do trabalhador e a universalidade do sistema, evoluindo-se do conceito de servidor público para o de trabalhador público.


Abstract This article aims to analyze the extent to which Brazil’s public sector has made progress in institutionalizing an integral and participative model for the healthcare of government workers, based on the principles of universality, integrality and workers’ participation. Based on documents produced by the Rio de Janeiro Permanent Forum on Workers’ Health, the paper analyses the process of implantation of the Integrated Public Workers’ Healthcare Sub-System (SIASS) in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro over the period 2009–2016, based on the historical institutionalism. Although it was conceived as an integrated system referenced to the principles of workers’ health, as from 2013 an inflexion was observed in this Subsystem, in the direction of a conservative model of occupational health, such as had been traditional and hegemonic in labor relations in Brazil. One factor that emerges is the loss of the universal character of the system due to the flexibility of employment relations in the public sector. There are various challenges: the need to expand the dialogue, and integration of the Policies on health, employment relations and management of the public administration, in such a way as to guarantee the principles of workers’ health and the universality of the system, evolving from the concept of the ‘public servant’ to that of the ‘public employee’.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Empregados do Governo , Política de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Brasil , Emprego , Modelos Teóricos , Setor Público
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