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Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 101: 111-119, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029304


The aim of this study was to tailor the deposition parameters of magnetron sputtering to synthetize tantalum oxide (TaxOy) films onto commercially pure titanium (cpTi) surface. The structural and optical properties, morphology, roughness, elemental chemical composition and surface energy were assessed. The impact of TaxOy films on initial Streptococcus sanguinis adhesion was investigated. The morphology and spreading of pre-osteoblastic (MC3T3-E1) cells on a crystalline tantalum oxide film were evaluated. TaxOy films with estimated thickness of 600 nm and different structures (amorphous or crystalline) were produced depending on the various oxygen flow rates and parameters used. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the 8 O2 sccm (600 °C/400 W) group showed crystallization corresponding to the ß-Ta2O5 phase. Optical analysis showed that the 4 O2 sccm (200 °C 300 W) to 8 O2 sccm (600 °C 300 W) groups and 10 O2 sccm (200 °C 300 W) group presented regular and large-amplitude interference oscillations, suggesting high optical homogeneity of the films. The crystalline ß-Ta2O5 coating showed higher roughness and surface energy values than the other groups (P < .05) and was biocompatible. Compared with cpTi, the amorphous and crystalline tantalum oxide films did not increase bacterial adhesion (P > .05). By tailoring the deposition parameters, we synthetized a crystalline ß-Ta2O5 coating that improved titanium surface properties and positively affected cell spreading and morphology, making it a promising surface treatment for titanium-based implants.

Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Tantálio/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/ultraestrutura , Refratometria , Termodinâmica , Difração de Raios X
Dent Mater ; 34(7): e182-e195, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29678329


OBJECTIVE: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) incorporation in biomaterials is a promising technology due to its photocatalytic and antibacterial activities. However, the antibacterial potential of different TiO2 crystalline structures on a multispecies oral biofilm remains unknown. We hypothesized that the different crystalline TiO2 phases present different photocatalytic and antibacterial activities. METHODS: Three crystalline TiO2 films were deposited by magnetron sputtering on commercially pure titanium (cpTi), in order to obtain four groups: (1) machined cpTi (control); (2) A-TiO2 (anatase); (3) M-TiO2 (mixture of anatase and rutile); (4) R-TiO2 (rutile). The morphology, crystalline phase, chemical composition, hardness, elastic modulus and surface free energy of the surfaces were evaluated. The photocatalytic potential was assessed by methylene blue degradation assay. The antibacterial activity was evaluated on relevant oral bacteria, by using a multispecies biofilm (Streptococcus sanguinis, Actinomyces naeslundii and Fusobacterium nucleatum) formed on the treated titanium surfaces (16.5h) followed by UV-A light exposure (1h) to generate reactive oxygen species production. RESULTS: All TiO2 films presented around 300nm thickness and improved the hardness and elastic modulus of cpTi surfaces (p<0.05). A-TiO2 and M-TiO2 films presented superior photocatalytic activity than R-TiO2 (p<0.05). M-TiO2 revealed the greatest antibacterial activity followed by A-TiO2 (≈99.9% and 99% of bacterial reduction, respectively) (p<0.001 vs. control). R-TiO2 had no antibacterial activity (p>0.05 vs. control). SIGNIFICANCE: This study brings new insights on the development of extra oral protocols for the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 in oral biofilm-associated disease. Anatase and mixture-TiO2 showed antibacterial activity on this oral bacterial biofilm, being promising surface coatings for dental implant components.

Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Titânio/farmacologia , Actinomyces , Antibacterianos/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Módulo de Elasticidade , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Processos Fotoquímicos , Espectrometria por Raios X , Streptococcus sanguis , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química , Difração de Raios X