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1.
Cell Microbiol ; : e13204, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176433

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus, a versatile Gram-positive bacterium, is the main cause of bone and joint infections (BJI), which are prone to recurrence. The inflammasome is an immune signaling platform that assembles after pathogen recognition. It activates proteases, most notably caspase-1 that proteolytically matures and promotes the secretion of mature IL-1ß and IL-18. The role of inflammasomes and caspase-1 in the secretion of mature IL-1ß and in the defence of S. aureus-infected osteoblasts has not yet been fully investigated. We show here that S. aureus-infected osteoblast-like MG-63 but not caspase-1 knock-out CASP1-/- MG-63 cells, which were generated using CRISPR-Cas9 technology, activate the inflammasome as monitored by the release of mature IL-1ß. The effect was strain-dependent. The use of S. aureus deletion and complemented phenole soluble modulins (PSMs) mutants demonstrated a key role of PSMs in inflammasomes-related IL-1ß production. Furthermore, we found that the lack of caspase-1 in CASP1-/- MG-63 cells impairs their defense functions, as bacterial clearance was drastically decreased in CASP1-/- MG-63 compared to wild-type cells. Our results demonstrate that osteoblast-like MG-63 cells play an important role in the immune response against S. aureus infection through inflammasomes activation and establish a crucial role of caspase-1 in bacterial clearance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Genome Biol Evol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186700

RESUMO

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is a common mechanism in Bacteria that has contributed to the genomic content of existing organisms. Traditional methods for estimating bacterial phylogeny, however, assume only vertical inheritance in the evolution of homologous genes, which may result in errors in the estimated phylogenies. We present a new method for estimating bacterial phylogeny that accounts for the presence of genes acquired by HGT between genomes. The method identifies and corrects putative transferred genes in gene families, before applying a gene tree-based summary method to estimate bacterial species trees. The method was applied to estimate the phylogeny of the order Corynebacteriales, which is the largest clade in the phylum Actinobacteria. We report a collection of 14 phylogenetic trees on 360 Corynebacteriales genomes. All estimated trees display each genus as a monophyletic clade. The trees also display several relationships proposed by past studies, as well as new relevant relationships between and within the main genera of Corynebacteriales: Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus, and Gordonia. An implementation of the method in Python is available on GitHub at https://github.com/UdeS-CoBIUS/EXECT.

3.
Gene ; 741: 144566, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171826

RESUMO

Bacteria of the genusGlutamicibacterare considered ubiquitous because they can be found in soil, water and air. They have already been isolated from different habitats, including different types of soil, clinical samples, cheese and plants. Glutamicibacter creatinolyticus is a Gram-positive bacterium important to various biotechnological processes, however, as a pathogen it is associated to urinary tract infections and bacteremia. Recently,Glutamicibacter creatinolyticusLGCM 259 was isolated from a mare, which displayed several diffuse subcutaneous nodules with heavy vascularization. In this study, sequencing, genomic analysis ofG. creatinolyticusLGCM 259 and comparative analyseswere performedamong 4representatives of different members of genusfromdifferent habitats, available in the NCBI database. The LGCM 259 strain's genome carries important factors of bacterial virulence that are essential in cell viability, virulence, and pathogenicity. Genomic islands were predicted for 4 members of genusGlutamicibacter,showing ahigh number of GEIs,which may reflect a high interspecific diversity and a possible adaptive mechanism responsible for the survival of each species in its specific niche. Furthermore,G. creatinolyticusLGCM 259 sharessyntenicregions, albeit with a considerable loss of genes, in relation to the other species. In addition,G. creatinolyticusLGCM 259 presentsresistancegenes to 6 differentclasses ofantibiotics and heavy metals, such as: copper, arsenic, chromium and cobalt-zinc-cadmium.Comparative genomicsanalysescouldcontribute to the identification of mobile genetic elements particular to the speciesG. creatinolyticuscompared to other members of genus. The presence of specific regions inG. creatinolyticuscould be indicative of their rolesin host adaptation, virulence, and the characterization ofastrain that affects animals.

5.
Cell Rep ; 30(7): 2275-2283.e7, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075736

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) has caused an explosive epidemic linked to severe clinical outcomes in the Americas. As of June 2018, 4,929 ZIKV suspected infections and 46 congenital syndrome cases had been reported in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Although Manaus is a key demographic hub in the Amazon region, little is known about the ZIKV epidemic there, in terms of both transmission and viral genetic diversity. Using portable virus genome sequencing, we generated 59 ZIKV genomes in Manaus. Phylogenetic analyses indicated multiple introductions of ZIKV from northeastern Brazil to Manaus. Spatial genomic analysis of virus movement among six areas in Manaus suggested that populous northern neighborhoods acted as sources of virus transmission to other neighborhoods. Our study revealed how the ZIKV epidemic was ignited and maintained within the largest urban metropolis in the Amazon. These results might contribute to improving the public health response to outbreaks in Brazil.

6.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 33, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spirochetal organisms of the Treponema genus are responsible for causing Treponematoses. Pathogenic treponemes is a Gram-negative, motile, spirochete pathogen that causes syphilis in human. Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN) causes endemic syphilis (bejel); T. pallidum subsp. pallidum (TPA) causes venereal syphilis; T. pallidum subsp. pertenue (TPE) causes yaws; and T. pallidum subsp. Ccarateum causes pinta. Out of these four high morbidity diseases, venereal syphilis is mediated by sexual contact; the other three diseases are transmitted by close personal contact. The global distribution of syphilis is alarming and there is an increasing need of proper treatment and preventive measures. Unfortunately, effective measures are limited. RESULTS: Here, the genome sequences of 53 T. pallidum strains isolated from different parts of the world and a diverse range of hosts were comparatively analysed using pan-genomic strategy. Phylogenomic, pan-genomic, core genomic and singleton analysis disclosed the close connection among all strains of the pathogen T. pallidum, its clonal behaviour and showed increases in the sizes of the pan-genome. Based on the genome plasticity analysis of the subsets containing the subspecies T pallidum subsp. pallidum, T. pallidum subsp. endemicum and T. pallidum subsp. pertenue, we found differences in the presence/absence of pathogenicity islands (PAIs) and genomic islands (GIs) on subsp.-based study. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we identified four pathogenicity islands (PAIs), eight genomic islands (GIs) in subsp. pallidum, whereas subsp. endemicum has three PAIs and seven GIs and subsp. pertenue harbours three PAIs and eight GIs. Concerning the presence of genes in PAIs and GIs, we found some genes related to lipid and amino acid biosynthesis that were only present in the subsp. of T. pallidum, compared to T. pallidum subsp. endemicum and T. pallidum subsp. pertenue.

7.
Protein Pept Lett ; 27(2): 120-134, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553285

RESUMO

In this era of multi-drug resistance (MDR), antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are one of the most promising classes of potential drug candidates to combat communicable as well as noncommunicable diseases such as cancers and diabetes. AMPs show a wide spectrum of biological activities which include antiviral, antifungal, anti-mitogenic, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. Apart from these prospective therapeutic potentials, the AMPs can act as food preservatives and immune modulators. Therefore, AMPs have the potential to replace conventional drugs and may gain a significant global drug market share. Although several AMPs have shown therapeutic potential in vitro or in vivo, in most cases they have failed the clinical trial owing to various issues. In this review, we discuss in brief (i) molecular mechanisms of AMPs in various diseases, (ii) importance of AMPs in pharmaceutical industries, (iii) the challenges in using AMPs as therapeutics and how to overcome, (iv) available AMP therapeutics in market, and (v) AMPs under clinical trials. Here, we specifically focus on the therapeutic AMPs in the areas of dermatology, surgery, oncology and metabolic diseases.

8.
Gene ; 726: 144168, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759986

RESUMO

Methods based around statistics and linear algebra have been increasingly used in attempts to address emerging questions in microarray literature. Microarray technology is a long-used tool in the global analysis of gene expression, allowing for the simultaneous investigation of hundreds or thousands of genes in a sample. It is characterized by a low sample size and a large feature number created a non-square matrix, and by the incomplete rank, that can generate countless more solution in classifiers. To avoid the problem of the 'curse of dimensionality' many authors have performed feature selection or reduced the size of data matrix. In this work, we introduce a new logistic regression-based model to classify breast cancer tumor samples based on microarray expression data, including all features of gene expression and without reducing the microarray data matrix. If the user still deems it necessary to perform feature reduction, it can be done after the application of the methodology, still maintaining a good classification. This methodology allowed the correct classification of breast cancer sample data sets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data series GSE65194, GSE20711, and GSE25055, which contain the microarray data of said breast cancer samples. Classification had a minimum performance of 80% (sensitivity and specificity), and explored all possible data combinations, including breast cancer subtypes. This methodology highlighted genes not yet studied in breast cancer, some of which have been observed in Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs). In this work we examine the patterns and features of a GRN composed of transcription factors (TFs) in MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines, providing valuable information regarding breast cancer. In particular, some genes whose αi ∗ associated parameter values revealed extreme positive and negative values, and, as such, can be identified as breast cancer prediction genes. We indicate that the PKN2, MKL1, MED23, CUL5 and GLI genes demonstrate a tumor suppressor profile, and that the MTR, ITGA2B, TELO2, MRPL9, MTTL1, WIPI1, KLHL20, PI4KB, FOLR1 and SHC1 genes demonstrate an oncogenic profile. We propose that these may serve as potential breast cancer prediction genes, and should be prioritized for further clinical studies on breast cancer. This new model allows for the assignment of values to the αi ∗ parameters associated with gene expression. It was noted that some αi ∗ parameters are associated with genes previously described as breast cancer biomarkers, as well as other genes not yet studied in relation to this disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Células MCF-7 , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
9.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-17, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854239

RESUMO

Yellow fever disease is considered a re-emerging major health issue which has caused recent outbreaks with a high number of deaths. Tropical countries, mainly African and South American, are the most affected by Yellow fever outbreaks. Despite the availability of an attenuated vaccine, its use is limited for some groups such as pregnant and nursing women, immunocompromised and immunosuppressed patients, elderly people >65 years, infants <6 months and patients with biological disorders like thymus disorders. In order to achieve new preventive measures, we applied immunoinformatics approaches to develop a multi-epitope-based subunit vaccine for Yellow fever virus. Different epitopes, related to humoral and cell-mediated immunity, were predicted for complete polyproteins of two Yellow fever strains (Asibi and 17 D vaccine). Those epitopes common for both strains were mapped into a set of 137 sequences of Yellow fever virus, including 77 sequences from a recent outbreak at the state of Minas Gerais, southeast Brazil. Therefore, the present work uses robust bioinformatics approaches for the identification of a multi-epitope vaccine against the Yellow fever virus. Our results indicate that the identified multi-epitope vaccine might stimulate humoral and cellular immune responses and could be a potential vaccine candidate against Yellow fever virus infection. Hence, it should be subjected to further experimental validations. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

10.
Toxins (Basel) ; 11(11)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671681

RESUMO

Aspergillus welwitschiae is a species of the Nigri section of the genus Aspergillus. In nature, it is usually a saprotroph, decomposing plant material. However, it causes the bole rot disease of Agave sisalana (sisal), a plant species used for the extraction of hard natural fibers, causing great economic loss to this culture. In this study, we isolated and sequenced one genome of A. welwitschiae (isolate CCMB 674 (Collection of Cultures of Microorganisms of Bahia)) from the stem tissues of sisal and performed in silico and wet lab experimental strategies to describe its ability to produce mycotoxins. CCMB 674 possesses 64 secondary metabolite gene clusters (SMGCs) and, under normal conditions, it produces secondary metabolism compounds that could disturb the cellular cycle of sisal or induce abnormalities in plant growth, such as malformin C. This isolate also produces a pigment that might explain the characteristic red color of the affected tissues. Additionally, this isolate is defective for the production of fumonisin B1, and, despite bearing the full cluster for the synthesis of this compound, it did not produce ochratoxin A. Altogether, these results provide new information on possible strategies used by the fungi during the sisal bole rot, helping to better understand this disease and how to control it.

11.
J Med Microbiol ; 68(12): 1759-1765, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724936

RESUMO

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the causative agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), a chronic disease of sheep and goats. Current methods for CLA diagnosis cannot identify all infected animals; therefore, the development of an improved diagnosis is essential. We evaluated recombinant phospholipase D (rPLD) protein individually or combined with rCP01850 or rCP09720 proteins for the detection of CLA in sheep. A total of 40 positive and 25 negative sera samples were analysed by ELISA using the recombinant proteins. ELISA using rPLD (E1), rPLD+rCP01850 (E2) and rPLD+rCP09720 (E3) showed 90, 92.5 and 97.5 % sensitivity and 92, 72 and 92 % specificity, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for E1, E2 and E3 was 0.925, 0.882 and 0.990, respectively. ELISA using rPLD +rCP09720 demonstrated the best sensitivity and specificity. Thus, the combination of these recombinant proteins in indirect ELISA has the potential for the diagnosis of CLA in sheep.


Assuntos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Linfadenite/veterinária , Fosfolipase D/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/diagnóstico , Animais , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/genética , Linfadenite/diagnóstico , Ovinos
12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16336, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704997

RESUMO

Exfoliative toxins (ETs) are secreted virulence factors produced by staphylococci. These serine proteases specifically cleave desmoglein 1 (Dsg1) in mammals and are key elements in staphylococcal skin infections. We recently identified a new et gene in S. aureus O46, a strain isolated from ovine mastitis. In the present study, we characterized the new et gene at a genetic level and the enzymatic activity of the deduced protein. The S. aureus O46 genome was re-assembled, annotated and compared with other publicly available S. aureus genomes. The deduced amino acid sequence of the new et gene shared 40%, 53% and 59% sequence identity to those of ETA, ETB and ETD, respectively. The new et gene shared the same genetic vicinity and was similar in other S. aureus strains bearing this gene. The recombinant enzyme of the new et gene caused skin exfoliation in vivo in neonatal mice. The new et-gene was thus named ete, encoding a new type (type E) of exfoliative toxin. We showed that ETE degraded the extracellular segments of Dsg1 in murine, ovine and caprine epidermis, as well as in ovine teat canal epithelia, but not that in bovine epidermis. We further showed that it directly hydrolyzed human and swine Dsg1 as well as murine Dsg1α and Dsg1ß, but not canine Dsg1 or murine Dsg1γ. Molecular modeling revealed a correlation between the preferred orientation of ETE docking on its Dsg1 cleavage site and species-specific cleavage activity, suggesting that the docking step preceding cleavage accounts for the ETE species-specificity. This new virulence factor may contribute to the bacterial colonization on the stratified epithelia in certain ruminants with mastitis.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16387, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705053

RESUMO

The number of draft genomes deposited in Genbank from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is higher than the complete ones. Draft genomes are assemblies that contain fragments of misassembled regions (gaps). Such draft genomes present a hindrance to the complete understanding of the biology and evolution of the organism since they lack genomic information. To overcome this problem, strategies to improve the assembly process are developed continuously. Also, the greatest challenge to the assembly progress is the presence of repetitive DNA regions. This article highlights the use of optical mapping, to detect and correct assembly errors in Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. We also demonstrate that choosing a reference genome should be done with caution to avoid assembly errors and loss of genetic information.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2103, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616390

RESUMO

Rice is a major staple food across the globe. Its growth and productivity is highly dependent on the rhizobiome where crosstalk takes place between plant and the microbial community. Such interactions lead to selective enrichment of plant beneficial microbes which ultimately defines the crop health and productivity. In this study, rhizobiome modulation is documented throughout the development of rice plant. Based on 16S rRNA gene affiliation at genus level, abundance, and diversity of plant growth promoting bacteria increased during the growth stages. The observed α diversity and rhizobiome complexity increased significantly (p < 0.05) during plantation. PCoA indicates that different geographical locations shared similar rhizobiome diversity but exerted differential enrichment (p < 0.001). Diversity of enriched genera represented a sigmoid curve and subsequently declined after harvest. A major proportion of dominant enriched genera (p < 0.05, abundance > 0.1%), based on 16S rRNA gene, were plant growth promoting bacteria that produces siderophore, indole-3-acetic acid, aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, and antimicrobials. Hydrogenotrophic methanogens dominated throughout cultivation. Type I methanotrophs (n = 12) had higher diversity than type II methanotrophs (n = 6). However, the later had significantly higher abundance (p = 0.003). Strong enrichment pattern was also observed in type I methanotrophs being enriched during water logged stages. Ammonia oxidizing Archaea were several folds more abundant than ammonia oxidizing bacteria. K-strategists Nitrosospira and Nitrospira dominated ammonia and nitrite oxidizing bacteria, respectively. The study clarifies the modulation of rhizobiome according to the rice developmental stages, thereby opening up the possibilities of bio-fertilizer treatment based on each cultivation stages.

15.
R Soc Open Sci ; 6(7): 190907, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417766

RESUMO

Pneumonia is an infectious disease caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi that results in millions of deaths globally. Despite the existence of prophylactic methods against some of the major pathogens of the disease, there is no efficient prophylaxis against atypical agents such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, a bacterium associated with cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Because of the morphological peculiarity of M. pneumoniae, which leads to an increased resistance to antibiotics, studies that prospectively investigate the development of vaccines and drug targets appear to be one of the best ways forward. Hence, in this paper, bioinformatics tools were used for vaccine and pharmacological prediction. We conducted comparative genomic analysis on the genomes of 88 M. pneumoniae strains, as opposed to a reverse vaccinology analysis, in relation to the capacity of M. pneumoniae proteins to bind to the major histocompatibility complex, revealing seven targets with immunogenic potential. Predictive cytoplasmic proteins were tested as potential drug targets by studying their structures in relation to other proteins, metabolic pathways and molecular anchorage, which identified five possible drug targets. These findings are a valuable addition to the development of vaccines and the selection of new in vivo drug targets that may contribute to further elucidating the molecular basis of M. pneumoniae-host interactions.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(15)2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366155

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are the most common neurodegenerative disorders related to aging. Though several risk factors are shared between these two diseases, the exact relationship between them is still unknown. In this paper, we analyzed how these two diseases relate to each other from the genomic, epigenomic, and transcriptomic viewpoints. Using an extensive literature mining, we first accumulated the list of genes from major genome-wide association (GWAS) studies. Based on these GWAS studies, we observed that only one gene (HLA-DRB5) was shared between AD and PD. A subsequent literature search identified a few other genes involved in these two diseases, among which SIRT1 seemed to be the most prominent one. While we listed all the miRNAs that have been previously reported for AD and PD separately, we found only 15 different miRNAs that were reported in both diseases. In order to get better insights, we predicted the gene co-expression network for both AD and PD using network analysis algorithms applied to two GEO datasets. The network analysis revealed six clusters of genes related to AD and four clusters of genes related to PD; however, there was very low functional similarity between these clusters, pointing to insignificant similarity between AD and PD even at the level of affected biological processes. Finally, we postulated the putative epigenetic regulator modules that are common to AD and PD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Cadeias HLA-DRB5/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética
17.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 663, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iron is an essential micronutrient for the growth and development of virtually all living organisms, playing a pivotal role in the proliferative capability of many bacterial pathogens. The impact that the bioavailability of iron has on the transcriptional response of bacterial species in the CMNR group has been widely reported for some members of the group, but it hasn't yet been as deeply explored in Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Here we describe for the first time a comprehensive RNA-seq whole transcriptome analysis of the T1 wild-type and the Cp13 mutant strains of C. pseudotuberculosis under iron restriction. The Cp13 mutant strain was generated by transposition mutagenesis of the ciuA gene, which encodes a surface siderophore-binding protein involved in the acquisition of iron. Iron-regulated acquisition systems are crucial for the pathogenesis of bacteria and are relevant targets to the design of new effective therapeutic approaches. RESULTS: Transcriptome analyses showed differential expression in 77 genes within the wild-type parental T1 strain and 59 genes in Cp13 mutant under iron restriction. Twenty-five of these genes had similar expression patterns in both strains, including up-regulated genes homologous to the hemin uptake hmu locus and two distinct operons encoding proteins structurally like hemin and Hb-binding surface proteins of C. diphtheriae, which were remarkably expressed at higher levels in the Cp13 mutant than in the T1 wild-type strain. These hemin transport protein genes were found to be located within genomic islands associated with known virulent factors. Down-regulated genes encoding iron and heme-containing components of the respiratory chain (including ctaCEF and qcrCAB genes) and up-regulated known iron/DtxR-regulated transcription factors, namely ripA and hrrA, were also identified differentially expressed in both strains under iron restriction. CONCLUSION: Based on our results, it can be deduced that the transcriptional response of C. pseudotuberculosis under iron restriction involves the control of intracellular utilization of iron and the up-regulation of hemin acquisition systems. These findings provide a comprehensive analysis of the transcriptional response of C. pseudotuberculosis, adding important understanding of the gene regulatory adaptation of this pathogen and revealing target genes that can aid the development of effective therapeutic strategies against this important pathogen.


Assuntos
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/genética , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ferro/deficiência , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis/fisiologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Ilhas Genômicas/genética , Viabilidade Microbiana/genética , Mutação , Transcrição Genética
18.
Microb Biotechnol ; 12(6): 1313-1323, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287241

RESUMO

Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a small ruminant disease characterized by the development of granulomatous lesions in superficial and internal lymph nodes, as well as in some organs, and causes significant economic losses worldwide. The aetiological agent of CLA is the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis; however, the commercially available diagnostic tools present problems with regard to specificity, which can lead to false-negative results. This study aimed to develop an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of specific immunoglobulins in goats and sheep using recombinant C. pseudotuberculosis PLD, CP40, PknG, DtxR and Grx proteins. For validation of the ELISAs, 130 goat serum samples and 160 sheep serum samples were used. The best ELISA for goats was developed using a combination of PLD and CP40 as antigens at a 1:1 ratio, which presented 96.9% sensitivity and 98.4% specificity. The most effective ELISA for sheep presented 91% sensitivity and 98.7% specificity when recombinant PLD alone was used as the antigen. These ELISAs can be used as highly accurate tools in epidemiological surveys and for the serodiagnosis of C. pseudotuberculosis infection in goats and sheep.

19.
Environ Microbiol ; 21(11): 4020-4031, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325218

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides secreted by intestinal immune and epithelial cells are important effectors of innate immunity. They play an essential role in the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis by limiting microbial epithelium interactions and preventing unnecessary microbe-driven inflammation. Pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) belongs to Regenerating islet-derived III proteins family and is a C-type (Ca+2 dependent) lectin. PAP protein plays a protective effect presenting anti-inflammatory properties able to reduce the severity of colitis, preserving gut barrier and epithelial inflammation. Here, we sought to determine whether PAP delivered at intestinal lumen by recombinant Lactococcus lactis strain (LL-PAP) before and after chemically induced colitis is able to reduce the severity in two models of colitis. After construction and characterization of our recombinant strains, we tested their effects in dinitro-benzenesulfonic-acid (DNBS) and Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis model. After the DNBS challenge, mice treated with LL-PAP presented less severe colitis compared with PBS and LL-empty-treated mice groups. After the DSS challenge, no protective effects of LL-PAP could be detected. We determined that after 5 days administration, LL-PAP increase butyrate producer's bacteria, especially Eubacterium plexicaudatum. Based on our findings, we hypothesize that a treatment with LL-PAP shifts the microbiota preventing the severity of colon inflammation in DNBS colitis model. These protective roles of LL-PAP in DNBS colitis model might be through intestinal microbiota modulation.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(9): 5949-5955, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278859

RESUMO

Wound healing is a complex dynamic physiological process in response to cutaneous destructive stimuli that aims to restore the cutaneous' barrier role. Deciphering the underlying mechanistic details that contribute to wound healing will create novel therapeutic strategies for skin repair. Recently, by using state-of-the-art technologies, it was revealed that the cutaneous microbiota interact with skin immune cells. Strikingly, commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis-induced CD8+ T cells induce re-epithelization of the skin after injury, accelerating wound closure. From a drug development perspective, the microbiota may provide new therapeutic candidate molecules to accelerate skin healing. Here, we summarize and evaluate recent advances in the understanding of the microbiota in the skin microenvironment.

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