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1.
Intensive Care Med ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853905

RESUMO

Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for providing unbiased evidence of intervention effects. Here, we provide an overview of the history of RCTs and discuss the major challenges and limitations of current critical care RCTs, including overly optimistic effect sizes; unnuanced conclusions based on dichotomization of results; limited focus on patient-centred outcomes other than mortality; lack of flexibility and ability to adapt, increasing the risk of inconclusive results and limiting knowledge gains before trial completion; and inefficiency due to lack of re-use of trial infrastructure. We discuss recent developments in critical care RCTs and novel methods that may provide solutions to some of these challenges, including a research programme approach (consecutive, complementary studies of multiple types rather than individual, independent studies), and novel design and analysis methods. These include standardization of trial protocols; alternative outcome choices and use of core outcome sets; increased acceptance of uncertainty, probabilistic interpretations and use of Bayesian statistics; novel approaches to assessing heterogeneity of treatment effects; adaptation and platform trials; and increased integration between clinical trials and clinical practice. We outline the advantages and discuss the potential methodological and practical disadvantages with these approaches. With this review, we aim to inform clinicians and researchers about conventional and novel RCTs, including the rationale for choosing one or the other methodological approach based on a thorough discussion of pros and cons. Importantly, the most central feature remains the randomisation, which provides unparalleled restriction of confounding compared to non-randomised designs by reducing confounding to chance.

2.
Mycoses ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Geotrichum spp can be responsible for severe infections in immunocompromised patients. We aim to describe Geotrichum-related infections in the ICU and to assess risk factors of mortality. METHODS: retrospective multicentre study, conducted in 14 French ICUs between 2002 and 2018, including critically ill adult patients with proven or probable infection related to Geotrichum species. Data were obtained from the medical charts. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients, median age 60 years IQR [53; 66] were included. Most of the patients had hematological malignancies (78%). The reason for ICU admission was shock in half of the patients (n = 19, 53%) and respiratory failure in thirteen patients (36%). Median SOFA score was 8.5 IQR [7; 15]. Time between ICU admission and fungal diagnosis was 2.5 days [-1; 4]. Infection was disseminated in 27 (75%) patients with positive blood cultures in 25 patients (69%). Thirty patients (83%) received curative antifungal treatment in the ICU, in a median time of 1 day [0;1] after ICU admission. Twenty-four patients (67%) died in the ICU and hospital mortality rate was 69%. The number and extent of organ failures, as represented by SOFA score, were associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates poor outcome in critically ill patients with Geotrichum-related infections, which encourages a high level of suspicion.

3.
Curr Opin Crit Care ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813523

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Immunocompromised patients are notably vulnerable to severe coronavirus disease 2019. This review summarizes COVID-19 features and outcomes in autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings suggest that HSCT recipients exhibit a high burden of comorbidities and COVID-19 clinical features almost similar to the general COVID population. Furthermore, HSCT recipients exhibit a protracted SARS-CoV-2 shedding, prolonging duration of symptoms and promoting the generation of highly mutated viruses. Last, most of studies report a higher COVID-19 mortality in HSCT recipients, mainly driven by age, comorbidities, time from transplantation, and immunosuppression because of both treatments and underlying hematological malignancy. SUMMARY: Further studies are warranted to determine the proper impact of HSCT-related immune disorders on COVID-19 outcomes, and to evaluate specific treatments and vaccination strategy in this high-risk population. Taken together, those findings emphasize the need for more rigorous surveillance and preemptive measures for all HSCT recipients.

4.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 165, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical care randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are often published in high-impact journals, whether general journals [the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), The Lancet, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)] or critical care journals [Intensive Care Medicine (ICM), the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (AJRCCM), Critical Care Medicine (CCM)]. As rejection occurs in up to 97% of cases, it might be appropriate to assess pre-submission probability of being published. The objective of this study was to develop and internally validate a simplified score predicting whether an ongoing trial stands a chance of being published in high-impact general journals. METHODS: A cohort of critical care RCTs published between 1999 and 2018 in the three highest impact medical journals (NEJM, The Lancet, JAMA) or the three highest impact critical care journals (ICM, AJRCCM, CCM) was split into two samples (derivation cohort, validation cohort) to develop and internally validate the simplified score. Primary outcome was journal of publication assessed as high-impact general journal (NEJM, The Lancet, JAMA) or critical care journal (ICM, AJRCCM, CCM). RESULTS: A total of 968 critical care RCTs were included in the predictive cohort and split into a derivation cohort (n = 510) and a validation cohort (n = 458). In the derivation cohort, the sample size (P value < 0.001), the number of centers involved (P value = 0.01), mortality as primary outcome (P value = 0.002) or a composite item including mortality as primary outcome (P value = 0.004), and topic [ventilation (P value < 0.001) or miscellaneous (P value < 0.001)] were independent factors predictive of publication in high-impact general journals, compared to high-impact critical care journals. The SCOTI score (Sample size, Centers, Outcome, Topic, and International score) was developed with an area under the ROC curve of 0.84 (95% Confidence Interval, 0.80-0.88) in validation by split sample. CONCLUSIONS: The SCOTI score, developed and validated by split sample, accurately predicts the chances of a critical care RCT being published in high-impact general journals, compared to high-impact critical care journals.

6.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774188

RESUMO

During the current COVID-19 pandemic, health-care workers and uninfected patients in intensive care units (ICUs) are at risk of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 as a result of transmission from infected patients and health-care workers. In the absence of high-quality evidence on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, clinical practice of infection control and prevention in ICUs varies widely. Using a Delphi process, international experts in intensive care, infectious diseases, and infection control developed consensus statements on infection control for SARS-CoV-2 in an ICU. Consensus was achieved for 31 (94%) of 33 statements, from which 25 clinical practice statements were issued. These statements include guidance on ICU design and engineering, health-care worker safety, visiting policy, personal protective equipment, patients and procedures, disinfection, and sterilisation. Consensus was not reached on optimal return to work criteria for health-care workers who were infected with SARS-CoV-2 or the acceptable disinfection strategy for heat-sensitive instruments used for airway management of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Well designed studies are needed to assess the effects of these practice statements and address the remaining uncertainties.

8.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 204(8): 891-901, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652268

RESUMO

Background: Precision medicine focuses on the identification of therapeutic strategies that are effective for a group of patients based on similar unifying characteristics. The recent success of precision medicine in non-critical care settings has resulted from the confluence of large clinical and biospecimen repositories, innovative bioinformatics, and novel trial designs. Similar advances for precision medicine in sepsis and in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are possible but will require further investigation and significant investment in infrastructure. Methods: This project was funded by the American Thoracic Society Board of Directors. A multidisciplinary and diverse working group reviewed the available literature, established a conceptual framework, and iteratively developed recommendations for the Precision Medicine Research Agenda for Sepsis and ARDS. Results: The following six priority recommendations were developed by the working group: 1) the creation of large richly phenotyped and harmonized knowledge networks of clinical, imaging, and multianalyte molecular data for sepsis and ARDS; 2) the implementation of novel trial designs, including adaptive designs, and embedding trial procedures in the electronic health record; 3) continued innovation in the data science and engineering methods required to identify heterogeneity of treatment effect; 4) further development of the tools necessary for the real-time application of precision medicine approaches; 5) work to ensure that precision medicine strategies are applicable and available to a broad range of patients varying across differing racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, and demographic groups; and 6) the securement and maintenance of adequate and sustainable funding for precision medicine efforts. Conclusions: Precision medicine approaches that incorporate variability in genomic, biologic, and environmental factors may provide a path forward for better individualizing the delivery of therapies and improving care for patients with sepsis and ARDS.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Sepse/terapia , Humanos
9.
CA Cancer J Clin ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613616

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a promising immunotherapeutic treatment concept that is changing the treatment approach to hematologic malignancies. The development of CAR T-cell therapy represents a prime example for the successful bench-to-bedside translation of advances in immunology and cellular therapy into clinical practice. The currently available CAR T-cell products have shown high response rates and long-term remissions in patients with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia and relapsed/refractory lymphoma. However, CAR T-cell therapy can induce severe life-threatening toxicities such as cytokine release syndrome, neurotoxicity, or infection, which require rapid and aggressive medical treatment in the intensive care unit setting. In this review, the authors provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in the clinical management of severe life-threatening events in CAR T-cell recipients. Furthermore, key challenges that have to be overcome to maximize the safety of CAR T cells are discussed.

11.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0251216, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coagulation disorders are common in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), associated with an increased risk of bleeding and death. We aim to investigate coagulation disorders and their outcome implications in critically ill patients with HLH. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 47 critically ill patients with HLH (median age of 54 years [42-67]) between April 2015 and December 2018. Coagulation assessments were performed at day 1. Abnormal standard coagulation was defined as prothrombin time (PT) <50% and/or fibrinogen <2g/L. HLH aetiology was mostly ascribed to haematological malignancies (74% of patients). RESULTS: Coagulation disorders and severe bleeding events were frequent, occurring in 30 (64%) and 11 (23%) patients respectively. At day 1, median fibrinogen level was 2∙65g/L [1.61-5.66]. Fibrinolytic activity was high as suggested by increased median levels of D-dimers, fibrin monomers, PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor) and tPA (tissue plasminogen activator). Forty-one (91%) patients had a decreased ADAMTS13 activity (A Disintegrin-like And Metalloproteinase with ThromboSpondin type 1 repeats, member 13). By multivariable analysis, the occurrence of a severe bleeding (OR 3.215 [1.194-8.653], p = 0∙021) and SOFA score (Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment) at day 1 (OR 1.305 per point [1.146-1.485], p<0∙001) were independently associated with hospital mortality. No early biological marker was associated with severe bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperfibrinolysis may be the primary mechanism responsible for hypofibrinogenemia and may also participate in ADAMTS13 degradation. Targeting the plasmin system appears as a promising approach in severe HLH-related coagulation disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , Hemorragia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Proteína ADAMTS13/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/mortalidade , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , França/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/sangue , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/sangue , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/complicações , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/sangue
12.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0252793, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity in sepsis expression is multidimensional, including highly disparate data such as the underlying disorders, infection source, causative micro-organismsand organ failures. The aim of the study is to identify clusters of patients based on clinical and biological characteristic available at patients' admission. METHODS: All patients included in a national prospective multicenter ICU cohort OUTCOMEREA and admitted for sepsis or septic shock (Sepsis 3.0 definition) were retrospectively analyzed. A hierarchical clustering was performed in a training set of patients to build clusters based on a comprehensive set of clinical and biological characteristics available at ICU admission. Clusters were described, and the 28-day, 90-day, and one-year mortality were compared with log-rank rates. Risks of mortality were also compared after adjustment on SOFA score and year of ICU admission. RESULTS: Of the 6,046 patients with sepsis in the cohort, 4,050 (67%) were randomly allocated to the training set. Six distinct clusters were identified: young patients without any comorbidities, admitted in ICU for community-acquired pneumonia (n = 1,603 (40%)); young patients without any comorbidities, admitted in ICU for meningitis or encephalitis (n = 149 (4%)); elderly patients with COPD, admitted in ICU for bronchial infection with few organ failures (n = 243 (6%)); elderly patients, with several comorbidities and organ failures (n = 1,094 (27%)); patients admitted after surgery, with a nosocomial infection (n = 623 (15%)); young patients with immunosuppressive conditions (e.g., AIDS, chronic steroid therapy or hematological malignancy) (n = 338 (8%)). Clusters differed significantly in early or late mortality (p < .001), even after adjustment on severity of organ dysfunctions (SOFA) and year of ICU admission. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and biological features commonly available at ICU admission of patients with sepsis or septic shock enabled to set up six clusters of patients, with very distinct outcomes. Considering these clusters may improve the care management and the homogeneity of patients in future studies.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Sepse , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise por Conglomerados , Infecção Hospitalar/mortalidade , Infecção Hospitalar/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/terapia
13.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256024, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383822

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) combined with immunosuppression has been the cornerstone of the initial management. To produce optimal benefits, emerging treatments must be used against a background of best standard of care. Clarifying current uncertainties is therefore crucial. METHODS: The objective of this study was to analyze a large high-quality database (Marketscan) of TTP patients managed between 2005 and 2014, in the pre-caplacizumab era, in order to assess the impact of time to first TPE and use of first-line rituximab on mortality, and whether mortality declines over time. RESULTS: Among the 1096 included patients (median age 46 [IQR 35-55], 70% female), 28.8% received TPE before day 2 in the ICU. Hospital mortality was 7.6% (83 deaths). Mortality was independently associated with older age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.024/year; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], [1.009-1.040]), diagnosis of sepsis (HR, 2.360; 95%CI [1.552-3.588]), and the need for mechanical ventilation (HR, 4.103; 95%CI, [2.749-6.126]). Factors independently associated with lower mortality were TPE at ICU admission (HR, 0.284; 95%CI, [0.112-0.717]), TPE within one day after ICU admission (HR, 0.449; 95%CI, [0.275-0.907]), and early rituximab therapy (HR, 0.229; 95% CI, [0.111-0.471]). Delayed TPE was associated with significantly higher costs. CONCLUSIONS: Immediate TPE and early rituximab are associated with improved survival in TTP patients. Improved treatments have led to a decline in mortality over time, and alternate outcome variables such as the use of hospital resources or longer term outcomes therefore need to be considered.

14.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 130, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) may be a severe condition in immunocompromised patients and may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. We aimed to describe the clinical spectrum of critically ill immunocompromised patients with GIB and identify risk factors associated with mortality and severe GIB defined by hemorrhagic shock, hyperlactatemia and/or the transfusion of more than 5 red blood cells units. Finally, we compared this cohort with a control population of non-immunocompromised admitted in ICU for GIB. RESULTS: Retrospective study in 3 centers including immunocompromised patients with GIB admitted in ICU from January, 1st 2010 to December, 31rd 2019. Risk factors for mortality and severe GIB were assessed by logistic regression. Immunocompromised patients were matched with a control group of patients admitted in ICU with GIB. A total of 292 patients were analyzed in the study, including 141 immunocompromised patients (compared to a control group of 151 patients). Among immunocompromised patients, upper GIB was more frequent (73%) than lower GIB (27%). By multivariate analysis, severe GIB was associated with male gender (OR 4.48, CI95% 1.75-11.42, p = 0.00), upper GIB (OR 2.88, CI95% 1.11-7.46, p = 0.03) and digestive malignant infiltration (OR 5.85, CI95% 1.45-23.56, p = 0.01). Conversely, proton pump inhibitor treatment before hospitalization was significantly associated with decreased risk of severe GIB (OR 0.25, IC95% 0.10-0.65, p < 0.01). Fifty-four patients (38%) died within 90 days. By multivariate analysis, mortality was associated with hemorrhagic shock (OR 2.91, IC95% 1.33-6.38, p = 0 .01), upper GIB (OR 4.33, CI95% 1.50-12.47, p = 0.01), and long-term corticosteroid therapy before admission (OR 2.98, CI95% 1.32-6.71, p = 0.01). Albuminemia (per 5 g/l increase) was associated with lower mortality (OR 0.54, IC95% 0.35-0.84, p = 0.01). After matching with a control group of non-immunocompromised patients, severity of bleeding was increased in immunocompromised patients, but mortality was not different between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Mortality is high in immunocompromised patients with GIB in ICU, especially in patients receiving long term corticosteroids. Mortality of GIB is not different from mortality of non-immunocompromised patients in ICU. The prophylactic administration of proton pump inhibitors should be considered in this population.

15.
J Thromb Haemost ; 19(9): 2193-2198, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are prone to developing macrothrombosis and microthrombosis. COVID-19 has been reported to be rarely associated with thrombotic microangiopathies. A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I repeats, member 13 (ADAMTS13) severe deficiency, the hallmark of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), induces the formation of platelet, unusually large von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimer microthrombi. In immune-mediated TTP, ADAMTS13 adopts specifically an open conformation. The VWF/ADAMTS13 couple may contribute to the microthrombi formation in pulmonary alveolar capillaries in COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical features, hemostatic laboratory parameters, VWF/ADAMTS13 axis, and ADAMTS13 conformation in critically ill COVID-19 patients at admission. METHODS: Fifty three critically ill COVID-19 patients were enrolled between March 18 and May 9 2020 in a monocentric hospital. RESULTS: The median age was 59 years and the male-to-female ratio was 2.8/1. We reported seven pulmonary embolisms and 15 deaths. Biological investigations showed increased fibrinogen and factor V levels, and strongly increased D-dimers correlated with mortality. No patient presented severe thrombocytopenia nor microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. An imbalance between high VWF antigen levels and normal or slightly decreased ADAMTS13 activity levels (strongly elevated VWF/ADAMTS13 ratio) was correlated with mortality. Three patients had a partial quantitative deficiency in ADAMTS13. We also reported a closed conformation of ADAMTS13 in all patients, reinforcing the specificity of an open conformation of ADAMTS13 as a hallmark of TTP. CONCLUSION: We suggest that slightly decreased or normal ADAMTS13 activity and highly elevated VWF are rather biomarkers reflecting both the strong inflammation and the endothelial damage rather than drivers of the thrombotic process of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica , Proteína ADAMTS13 , Biomarcadores , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica/diagnóstico , SARS-CoV-2 , Fator de von Willebrand
17.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 120, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether Intensive Care Unit (ICU) clinicians display unconscious bias towards cancer patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of critically ill patients with and without perceptions of excessive care (PECs) by ICU clinicians in patients with and without cancer. METHODS: This study is a sub-analysis of the large multicentre DISPROPRICUS study. Clinicians of 56 ICUs in Europe and the United States completed a daily questionnaire about the appropriateness of care during a 28-day period. We compared the cumulative incidence of patients with concordant PECs, treatment limitation decisions (TLDs) and death between patients with uncontrolled and controlled cancer, and patients without cancer. RESULTS: Of the 1641 patients, 117 (7.1%) had uncontrolled cancer and 270 (16.4%) had controlled cancer. The cumulative incidence of concordant PECs in patients with uncontrolled and controlled cancer versus patients without cancer was 20.5%, 8.1%, and 9.1% (p < 0.001 and p = 0.62, respectively). In patients with concordant PECs, we found no evidence for a difference in time from admission until death (HR 1.02, 95% CI 0.60-1.72 and HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.49-1.54) and TLDs (HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.33-1.99 and HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.27-1.81) across subgroups. In patients without concordant PECs, we found differences between the time from admission until death (HR 2.23, 95% CI 1.58-3.15 and 1.66, 95% CI 1.28-2.15), without a corresponding increase in time until TLDs (NA, p = 0.3 and 0.7) across subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The absence of a difference in time from admission until TLDs and death in patients with concordant PECs makes bias by ICU clinicians towards cancer patients unlikely. However, the differences between the time from admission until death, without a corresponding increase in time until TLDs, suggest prognostic unawareness, uncertainty or optimism in ICU clinicians who did not provide PECs, more specifically in patients with uncontrolled cancer. This study highlights the need to improve intra- and interdisciplinary ethical reflection and subsequent decision-making at the ICU.

18.
Int J Infect Dis ; 108: 568-573, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the performance of FilmArray Pneumonia Panel Plus (FA-PP) for the detection of typical bacterial pathogens in respiratory samples from patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: FA-PP was implemented for clinical use in the microbiology laboratory in March 2020. A retrospective analysis on a consecutive cohort of adult patients hospitalized in ICUs between March 2020 and May 2020 was undertaken. The respiratory samples included sputum, blind bronchoalveolar lavage (BBAL) and protected specimen brush (PSB). Conventional culture and FA-PP were performed in parallel. RESULTS: In total, 147 samples from 92 patients were analysed; 88% had coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). At least one pathogen was detected in 46% (68/147) of samples by FA-PP and 39% (57/147) of samples by culture. The overall percentage agreement between FA-PP and culture results was 98% (93-100%). Bacteria with semi-quantitative FA-PP results ≥105 copies/mL for PSB samples, ≥106 copies/mL for BBAL samples and ≥107 copies/mL for sputum samples reached clinically significant thresholds for growth in 90%, 100% and 91% of cultures, respectively. FA-PP detected resistance markers, including mecA/C, blaCTX-M and blaVIM. The median turnaround time was significantly shorter for FA-PP than for culture. CONCLUSIONS: FA-PP may constitute a faster approach to the diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia in patients hospitalized in ICUs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pneumonia Bacteriana , Pneumonia , Adulto , Bactérias , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pneumonia Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(7): 1876-1885, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152955

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective study on hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in 96 adults enrolled in the cohort of the National Reference Center for Thrombotic Microangiopathies network in France during 2009-2017. Most infections were caused by STEC strains not belonging to the O157 or O104 serogroups. Thirty (31.3%) patients had multiple risk factors for thrombotic microangiopathy. In total, 61 (63.5%) patients required dialysis, 50 (52.1%) had a serious neurologic complication, 34 (35.4%) required mechanical ventilation, and 19 (19.8%) died during hospitalization. We used multivariate analysis to determine that the greatest risk factors for death were underlying immunodeficiency (hazard ratio 3.54) and severe neurologic events (hazard ratio 3.40). According to multivariate analysis and propensity score-matching, eculizumab treatment was not associated with survival. We found that underlying conditions, especially immunodeficiency, are strongly associated with decreased survival in adults who have hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by STEC.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica , Adulto , França , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Toxina Shiga
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