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1.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 87(4): 567-578, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471160

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), an anti-cancer drug, has been used for hepatoblastoma (HB) chemotherapy in children, who may have impaired  ovarian follicle pool reserve with lasting effects to reproduction. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate 5-FU effects on survival, growth, and morphology of ovarian preantral follicles from C57BL6J young mice. METHODS: Experiments were carried-out both in vivo and in vitro. Mice were treated with 5-FU injection (450 mg/kg i.p) or saline and sacrificed 3 days after to obtain ovaries for histology and molecular biology. Ovaries for in vitro studies were obtained from unchallenged mice and cultured under basic culture medium (BCM) or BCM plus 5-FU (9.2, 46.1, 92.2 mM). Preantral follicles were classified according to developmental stages, and as normal or degenerated. To assess cell viability, caspase-3 immunostaining was performed. Transcriptional levels for apoptosis (Bax, Bcl2, p53, Bax/Bcl2) and Wnt pathway genes (Wnt2 and Wnt4) were also analyzed. Ultrastructural analyses were carried-out on non-cultured ovaries. In addition, ß-catenin immunofluorescence was assessed in mouse ovaries. RESULTS: The percentage of all-types normal follicles was significantly lower after 5-FU challenge. A total loss of secondary normal follicles was found in the 5-FU group. The highest 5-FU concentrations reduced the percentage of cultured normal primordial follicles. Large vacuoles were seen in granulosa cells and ooplasm of preantral follicles by electron microscopy. A significantly higher gene expression for Bax and Bax/Bcl2 ratio was seen after 5-FU treatment. A marked reduction in ß-catenin immunolabeling was seen in 5-FU-challenged preantral follicles. In the in vitro experiments, apoptotic and Wnt gene transcriptions were significantly altered. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our findings suggest that 5-FU can deleteriously affect the ovarian follicle reserve by reducing preantral follicles survival.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242932, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270698

RESUMO

This study was aimed to characterize the spermatogenic process and its seasonal variation in Desmodus rotundus, in the Caatinga biome, a water-limited ecosystem, with marked water restriction during most of the year. Collections of adult animals were performed during the dry and rainy seasons, and after euthanasia, their testes were processed histologically to perform morphological, morphometric, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical analyzes. The percentage of seminiferous epithelium, number of Leydig cells per gram of testis, and population of Sertoli cells and A-type spermatogonia presented by D. rotundus were significantly higher in the rainy season, while the percentage of lumen, mitotic index, support capacity performed by Sertoli cells, and overall yield of spermatogenesis were higher in the dry season. The ultrastructure of spermatogenesis was similar to that described in other mammals, and the immunohistochemical analysis revealed activity of the aromatase enzyme in Sertoli cells, Leydig cells, spermatocytes and spermatids, as well as the presence of androgen receptors in Sertoli cells and Leydig cells. FGF2 activity was detected in primary spermatocytes in zygotene and pachytene, as well as secondary spermatocytes and rounded and elongated spermatids, while the BCL-2 protein was expressed in primary spermatocytes in zygotene and pachytene, secondary spermatocytes, and rounded spermatids. The activity of these molecules was similar in both seasons, and associated with the morphometric findings, indicates maintenance in the integrity of the seminiferous epithelium throughout the year. The seasonal study of D. rotundus spermatogenesis indicates a continuous spermatogenesis pattern and suggests a greater production of spermatozoa in the rainy season in the Caatinga biome.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241855, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156835

RESUMO

Leishmaniasis is a disease impacting public health worldwide due to its high incidence, morbidity and mortality. Available treatments are costly, lengthy and toxic, not to mention the problem of parasite resistance. The development of alternative treatments is warranted and natural products demonstrate promising activity. This study investigated the activity of Connarus suberosus extracts and compounds against Leishmania species. Several C. suberosus extracts were tested against L. amazonensis promastigotes. Active and inactive extracts were analyzed by UHPLC-MS and data evaluated using a metabolomics platform, revealing an unknown neoflavonoid (connarin, 3), isolated together with the pterocarpans: hemileiocarpin (1) and leiocarpin (2). The aforementioned compounds (1-3), together with the benzoquinones: rapanone (4), embelin (5) and suberonone (6) previously isolated by our group from the same species, were tested against: (i) L. amazonensis and L. infantum promastigotes, and (ii) L. amazonensis intracellular amastigotes, with the most active compound (3) also tested against L. infantum amastigotes. Cytotoxicity against murine peritoneal macrophages was also investigated. Compounds 2 and 3 presented an IC50 33.8 µM and 11.4 µM for L. amazonensis promastigotes; and 44.3 µM and 13.3 µM for L. infantum promastigotes, respectively. For L. amazonensis amastigotes, the IC50 of 2 was 20.4 µM with a selectivity index (SI) of 5.7, while the IC50 of 3 was 2.9 µM with an SI of 6.3. For L. infantum amastigotes, the IC50 of 3 was 7.7 µM. Compounds 2 and 3 presented activity comparable with the miltefosine positive control, with compound 3 found to be 2-4 times more active than the positive control, depending on the Leishmania species and form. The extracts and isolated compounds showed moderate toxicity against macrophages. Compounds 2 and 3 altered the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and neutral lipid body accumulation, while 2 also impacted plasma membrane permeabilization, culminating in cellular disorder and parasite death. Transmission electron microscopy of L. amazonensis promastigotes treated with compound 3 confirmed the presence of lipid bodies. Leiocarpin (2) and connarin (3) demonstrated antileishmanial activity. This study provides knowledge of natural products with antileishmanial activity, paving the way for prototype development to fight this neglected tropical disease.

4.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(34): 6842-6851, 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30074796

RESUMO

The photophysical behavior and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (AlClPc) are evaluated by steady state absorption/emission, transient emission, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies in the presence of graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (RGO), and carboxylated nanographene oxide (NGO). AlClPc and graphene oxides form a supramolecular structure stabilized by π-π interactions, which quantitatively quenches fluorescence emission and suppresses ROS generation. These effects occur even when graphenes are previously functionalized with Pluronic F-127. A small part of quenching is due to an inner filter effect, in which graphene oxides compete with AlClPc for light absorption. Nonetheless, most of the (static) quenching arises on the formation of a nonemissive ground state complex between AlClPc and graphene oxides. The efficiency of graphene oxides on the fluorescence quenching and ROS generation suppression follows the order: GO < NGO < RGO.

5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 12: 5511-5523, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28814867

RESUMO

Nanocarriers have the potential to improve the therapeutic index of currently available drugs by improving their efficacy and achieving therapeutic steady-state levels over an extended period. The association of maghemite-rhodium citrate (MRC) nanoparticles (NPs) has the potential to increase specificity of the cytotoxic action. However, the interaction of these NPs with cells, their uptake mechanism, and subcellular localization need to be elucidated. This work evaluates the uptake mechanism of MRC NPs in metastatic and nonmetastatic breast cancer-cell models, comparing them to a nontumor cell line. MRC NPs uptake in breast cancer cells was more effective than in normal cells, with regard to both the amount of internalized material and the achievement of more strategic intracellular distribution. Moreover, this process occurred through a clathrin-dependent endocytosis pathway with different basal expression levels of this protein in the cell lines tested.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Citratos/farmacocinética , Compostos Férricos/farmacocinética , Nanopartículas , Ródio/farmacocinética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ácido Cítrico/química , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanopartículas/química , Ródio/química , Análise Espectral Raman
6.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 148: 152-161, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28669710

RESUMO

Condylorrhiza vestigialis (Lepidoptera: Cambridae), commonly known as the Brazilian poplar moth or Alamo moth, is a serious defoliating pest of poplar, a crop of great economic importance for the production of wood, fiber, biofuel and other biomaterials as well as its significant ecological and environmental value. The complete genome sequence of a new alphabaculovirus isolated from C. vestigialis was determined and analyzed. Condylorrhiza vestigialis nucleopolyhedrovirus (CoveNPV) has a circular double-stranded DNA genome of 125,767bp with a GC content of 42.9%. One hundred and thirty-eight putative open reading frames were identified and annotated in the CoveNPV genome, including 38 core genes and 9 bros. Four homologous regions (hrs), a feature common to most baculoviruses, and 19 perfect and imperfect direct repeats (drs) were found. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that CoveNPV is a Group I Alphabaculovirus and is most closely related to Anticarsia gemmatalis multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgMNPV) and Choristoneura fumiferana DEF multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus CfDEFMNPV. The gp37 gene was not detected in the CoveNPV genome, although this gene is found in many NPVs. Two other common NPV genes, chitinase (v-chiA) and cathepsin (v-cath), that are responsible for host insect liquefaction and melanization, were also absent, where phylogenetic analysis suggests that the loss these genes occurred in the common ancestor of AgMNPV, CfDEFMNPV and CoveNPV, with subsequent reacquisition of these genes by CfDEFMNPV. The molecular biology and genetics of CoveNPV was formerly very little known and our expectation is that the findings presented here should accelerate research on this baculovirus, which will facilitate the use of CoveNPV in integrated pest management programs in Poplar crops.


Assuntos
Baculoviridae/genética , Genes Virais/genética , Mariposas/virologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos , Animais , Brasil , Populus/microbiologia
7.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 148: 317-323, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27619184

RESUMO

This contribution describes the photochemically-assisted synthesis of aqueous colloidal suspensions of non-toxic and biocompatible spherical gold nanoparticles stabilized by branched polyethylenimine, or else Au-np-PEI. The method consists on 30min of photoexcitation (254nm, 16W) at room temperature of an aqueous diluted solution of chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) containing PEI. While the UV irradiation forms the [Au(3+)Cl4-]* excited species that succesively transforms into zero valent Au, PEI controls the nucleation step of nanoparticles formation. Varying the PEI to Au molar ratio permits one to tune the size of nanoparticles between 100nm to 8nm. The obtained colloidal suspensions display an intense plasmonic absorption band at 520-530nm and positive zeta potentials greater than +20mV. The cells viability for in vitro tests performed with human connective tissues and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cell lines is over 80% and 90%, respectively, when they are incubated with Au-np-PEI formulations (25µgmL-1). The present photochemically-assisted synthesis is advantageous because it is fast and does not require for either hazardous or cytotoxic reductant agents and additional purification procedures.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
8.
PLoS One ; 11(5): e0154310, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27138164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beige adipocytes comprise a unique thermogenic cell type in the white adipose tissue (WAT) of rodents and humans, and play a critical role in energy homeostasis. In this scenario, recruitment of beige cells has been an important focus of interest for the development of novel therapeutic strategies to treat obesity. PPARγ activation by full agonists (thiazolidinediones, TZDs) drives the appearance of beige cells, a process so-called browning of WAT. However, this does not translate into increased energy expenditure, and TZDs are associated with weight gain. Partial PPARγ agonists, on the other hand, do not induce weight gain, but have not been shown to drive WAT browning. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of GQ-16 on BAT and on browning of WAT in obese mice. METHODS: Male Swiss mice with obesity and hyperglycemia induced by high fat diet were treated with vehicle, rosiglitazone (4 mg/kg/d) or the TZD-derived partial PPARγ agonist GQ-16 (40 mg/kg/d) for 14 days. Fasting blood glucose, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and lipid profile were measured. WAT and brown adipose tissue (BAT) depots were excised for determination of adiposity, relative expression of Ucp-1, Cidea, Prdm16, Cd40 and Tmem26 by RT-qPCR, histological analysis, and UCP-1 protein expression analysis by immunohistochemistry. Liver samples were also removed for histological analysis and determination of hepatic triglyceride content. RESULTS: GQ-16 treatment reduced high fat diet-induced weight gain in mice despite increasing energy intake. This was accompanied by reduced epididymal fat mass, reduced liver triglyceride content, morphological signs of increased BAT activity, increased expression of thermogenesis-related genes in interscapular BAT and epididymal WAT, and increased UCP-1 protein expression in interscapular BAT and in epididymal and inguinal WAT. CONCLUSION: This study suggests for the first time that a partial PPARγ agonist may increase BAT activity and induce the expression of thermogenesis-related genes in visceral WAT. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that PPARγ activity might be modulated by partial agonists to induce WAT browning and treat obesity.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Marrom/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Termogênese/genética , Tiazolidinedionas/farmacologia , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/patologia , Adiposidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Adiposidade/genética , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/patologia , PPAR gama/agonistas , Termogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiazolidinedionas/química , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , Proteína Desacopladora 1/genética
9.
BMC Genomics ; 17: 94, 2016 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26847652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A betabaculovirus (DisaGV) was isolated from Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), one of the most important insect pests of the sugarcane and other monocot cultures in Brazil. RESULTS: The complete genome sequence of DisaGV was determined using the 454-pyrosequencing method. The genome was 98,392 bp long, which makes it the smallest lepidopteran-infecting baculovirus sequenced to date. It had a G + C content of 29.7% encoding 125 putative open reading frames (ORF). All the 37 baculovirus core genes and a set of 19 betabaculovirus-specific genes were found. A group of 13 putative genes was not found in any other baculovirus genome sequenced so far. A phylogenetic analysis indicated that DisaGV is a member of Betabaculovirus genus and that it is a sister group to a cluster formed by ChocGV, ErelGV, PiraGV isolates, ClanGV, CaLGV, CpGV, CrleGV, AdorGV, PhopGV and EpapGV. Surprisingly, we found in the DisaGV genome a G protein-coupled receptor related to lepidopteran and other insect virus genes and a gp64 homolog, which is likely a product of horizontal gene transfer from Group 1 alphabaculoviruses. CONCLUSION: DisaGV represents a distinct lineage of the genus Betabaculovirus. It is closely related to the CpGV-related group and presents the smallest genome in size so far. Remarkably, we found a homolog of gp64, which was reported solely in group 1 alphabaculovirus genomes so far.


Assuntos
Baculoviridae/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética , Baculoviridae/classificação , Baculoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Baculoviridae/ultraestrutura , Composição de Bases , Sequência de Bases , Brasil , Ordem dos Genes , Genoma Viral , Genômica , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Saccharum/virologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/química , Proteínas Virais/genética
10.
PLoS One ; 10(7): e0132286, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26161752

RESUMO

Olfaction plays a fundamental role in insect survival through resource location and intra and interspecific communications. We used RNA-Seq to analyze transcriptomes for odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) from major stink bug pest species in Brazil, Euschistus heros, Chinavia ubica, and Dichelops melacanthus, and from their egg parasitoid, Telenomus podisi. We identified 23 OBPs in E. heros, 25 OBPs in C. ubica, 9 OBPs in D. melacanthus, and 7 OBPs in T. podisi. The deduced amino acid sequences of the full-length OBPs had low intraspecific similarity, but very high similarity between two pairs of OBPs from E. heros and C. ubica (76.4 and 84.0%) and between two pairs of OBPs from the parasitoid and its preferred host E. heros (82.4 and 88.5%), confirmed by a high similarity of their predicted tertiary structures. The similar pairs of OBPs from E. heros and C. ubica may suggest that they have derived from a common ancestor, and retain the same biological function to bind a ligand perceived or produced in both species. The T. podisi OBPs similar to E. heros were not orthologous to any known hymenopteran OBPs, and may have evolved independently and converged to the host OBPs, providing a possible basis for the host location of T. podisi using E. heros semiochemical cues.


Assuntos
Heterópteros/genética , Óvulo/parasitologia , Parasitos/genética , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética , Clima Tropical , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Biblioteca Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/genética , Modelos Moleculares , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Receptores Odorantes/química , Receptores Odorantes/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Especificidade da Espécie
11.
BMC Genomics ; 16: 127, 2015 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25765042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudoplusia includens single nucleopolyhedrovirus (PsinSNPV-IE) is a baculovirus recently identified in our laboratory, with high pathogenicity to the soybean looper, Chrysodeixis includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Walker, 1858). In Brazil, the C. includens caterpillar is an emerging pest and has caused significant losses in soybean and cotton crops. The PsinSNPV genome was determined and the phylogeny of the p26 gene within the family Baculoviridae was investigated. RESULTS: The complete genome of PsinSNPV was sequenced (Roche 454 GS FLX - Titanium platform), annotated and compared with other Alphabaculoviruses, displaying a genome apparently different from other baculoviruses so far sequenced. The circular double-stranded DNA genome is 139,132 bp in length, with a GC content of 39.3 % and contains 141 open reading frames (ORFs). PsinSNPV possesses the 37 conserved baculovirus core genes, 102 genes found in other baculoviruses and 2 unique ORFs. Two baculovirus repeat ORFs (bro) homologs, bro-a (Psin33) and bro-b (Psin69), were identified and compared with Chrysodeixis chalcites nucleopolyhedrovirus (ChchNPV) and Trichoplusia ni single nucleopolyhedrovirus (TnSNPV) bro genes and showed high similarity, suggesting that these genes may be derived from an ancestor common to these viruses. The homologous repeats (hrs) are absent from the PsinSNPV genome, which is also the case in ChchNPV and TnSNPV. Two p26 gene homologs (p26a and p26b) were found in the PsinSNPV genome. P26 is thought to be required for optimal virion occlusion in the occlusion bodies (OBs), but its function is not well characterized. The P26 phylogenetic tree suggests that this gene was obtained from three independent acquisition events within the Baculoviridae family. The presence of a signal peptide only in the PsinSNPV p26a/ORF-20 homolog indicates distinct function between the two P26 proteins. CONCLUSIONS: PsinSNPV has a genomic sequence apparently different from other baculoviruses sequenced so far. The complete genome sequence of PsinSNPV will provide a valuable resource, contributing to studies on its molecular biology and functional genomics, and will promote the development of this virus as an effective bioinsecticide.


Assuntos
Evolução Molecular , Produtos do Gene gag/genética , Lepidópteros/genética , Nucleopoliedrovírus/genética , Animais , Lepidópteros/virologia
12.
Toxicol Rep ; 2: 1086-1100, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28962450

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate potential acute and subchronic toxicity of rhodium (II) citrate in female Balb/c mice after intraperitoneal injections. In the acute test, independent groups received five doses; the highest dose (107.5 mg/kg) was equivalent to 33 times that used in our previous reports. The other doses were chosen as proportions of the highest, being 80.7 (75%), 53.8 (50%), 26.9 (25%) or 13.8 mg/kg (12.5%). Animals were monitored over 38 days and no severe signs of toxicity were observed, according to mortality, monitoring of adverse symptoms, hematological, biochemical and genotoxic parameters. We conclude that the median lethal dose (LD50) could be greater than 107.5 mg/kg. In the subchronic test, five doses of Rh2Cit (80, 60, 40, 20 or 10 mg/kg) were evaluated and injections were conducted on alternate days, totaling five applications per animal. Paclitaxel (57.5 mg/kg) and saline solution were controls. Clinical observations, histopathology of liver, lung and kidneys and effects on hematological, biochemistry and genotoxic records indicated that Rh2Cit induced no severe toxic effects, even at an accumulated dose up to 400 mg/kg.We suggest Rh2Cit has great potential as an antitumor drug without presenting acute and subchronic toxicity.

13.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 27(3): 440-8, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25481978

RESUMO

Effective methods for gamete preservation should have low impact on DNA integrity. The present study investigated the effects of vitrification of goat ovarian tissues on the occurrence of DNA fragmentation and DNA double-stand breaks using the terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end-labelling (TUNEL) assay and detection of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX), respectively. Goat ovaries were collected at a local abattoir and 12 tissue fragments were prepared from each ovarian pair. Tissue fragments were used as fresh control samples or were cultured in vitro, vitrified or vitrified and cultured. Vitrification was performed using the Ovarian Tissue Cryosystem. Fragments from all groups (control and treatments) were processed for histology, transmission electron microscopy, TUNEL assay and immunofluorescence. Compared with fresh control samples, a lower percentage of morphologically normal follicles was detected in the vitrification followed by culture treatment group (P<0.05). Normal follicular ultrastructure was observed in all groups. Immunofluorescence revealed the presence of γH2AX foci in few oocytes and ovarian stromal cells. TUNEL-positive follicles were found in samples without significant differences among groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, the vitrification protocol used in the present study did not increase DNA damage in preantral follicles enclosed in goat ovarian tissues.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Preservação de Tecido/métodos , Vitrificação , Animais , Feminino , Cabras , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
J Nutr Biochem ; 25(11): 1161-1176, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25127291

RESUMO

The development of therapeutic strategies to attenuate chemotherapy toxicity represents an area of great interest in cancer research, and among them is nutritional therapy based on antioxidants. As research on this topic is still controversial and scarce, we aim to investigate the effects of antioxidant supplementation with vitamin C, vitamin E or pequi oil, a carotenoid-rich oil extracted from pequi (Caryocar brasiliense), on doxorubicin (DX)-induced oxidative damage to normal cells in Ehrlich solid tumor-bearing mice. Tumor weight and volume, histopathology, morphometry and immunohistochemistry were used to assess the treatments' efficacy in containing tumor aggressiveness and regression, while possible toxicity of treatments was assessed by animals' weight, morphological analysis of the heart, liver and kidneys, hemogram, and serum levels of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase, creatinine and urea. Although all the chemotherapeutic treatments increased internal necrosis area and reduced the positive Ki-67 cells compared to non-treated tumors, the treatments with pequi oil provided before tumor inoculation (PTDX) or in continuous and concurrent administration with doxorubicin (PTPDX) were more effective in containing tumor growth, besides increasing lymphocyte-dependent immunity and reducing the adverse side effects associated with DX-induced oxidative damage to normal cells, mainly the PTDX treatment. Vitamins C and E given before tumor inoculation and chemotherapy were not successful against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, besides increasing doxorubicin-induced nephrotoxicity, indicating that, at least for doxorubicin, pequi oil instead of vitamins C and E would be the best option to reduce its adverse effects.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Carcinoma de Ehrlich/tratamento farmacológico , Carotenoides/análise , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Óleos Vegetais/química , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Carcinoma de Ehrlich/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Ehrlich/patologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Vitamina E/análise
15.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 118: 66-70, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24590109

RESUMO

The Anticarsia gemmatalis multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgMNPV) has been used as a biopesticide since the early 1980s in Brazil to control the major pest of soybean crops, the velvetbean caterpillar, Anticarsia gemmatalis. To monitor the genetic diversity over space and time we sequenced four pif genes (pif1, pif2, pif3 and pif4) from AgMNPV isolates collected from different regions of South America, as well as of seasonal isolates, sampled during a two-decade field experiment. Although all genes presented low levels of polymorphism, the pif-2 carries a slightly higher number of polymorphic sites. Overall, this study reveals that pif genes have remained stable after 20 years of repeated field application.


Assuntos
Genes Virais/genética , Nucleopoliedrovírus/genética , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
16.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 11: 4, 2013 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23414068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Magnetic fluids containing superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles represent an attractive platform as nanocarriers in chemotherapy. Recently, we developed a formulation of maghemite nanoparticles coated with rhodium (II) citrate, which resulted in in vitro cytotoxicity enhanced up to 4.6 times when compared to free rhodium (II) citrate formulation on breast carcinoma cells. In this work, we evaluate the antitumor activity and toxicity induced by these formulations in Balb/c mice bearing orthotopic 4T1 breast carcinoma. METHODS: Mice were evaluated with regard to the treatments' toxicity through analyses of hemogram, serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, iron, and creatinine; DNA fragmentation and cell cycle of bone marrow cells; and liver, kidney and lung histology. In addition, the antitumor activity of rhodium (II) citrate and maghemite nanoparticles coated with rhodium (II) citrate was verified by tumor volume reduction, histology and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Regarding the treatments' toxicity, no experimental groups had alterations in levels of serum ALT or creatinine, and this suggestion was corroborated by the histopathologic examination of liver and kidney of mice. Moreover, DNA fragmentation frequency of bone marrow cells was lower than 15% in all experimental groups. On the other hand, the complexes rhodium (II) citrate-functionalized maghemite and free rhodium (II) citrate led to a marked growth inhibition of tumor and decrease in CD31 and Ki-67 staining. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we demonstrated that both rhodium (II) citrate and maghemite nanoparticles coated with rhodium (II) citrate formulations exhibited antitumor effects against 4T1 metastatic breast cancer cell line following intratumoral administration. This antitumor effect was followed by inhibition of both cell proliferation and microvascularization and by tumor tissue injury characterized as necrosis and fibrosis. Remarkably, this is the first published report demonstrating the therapeutic efficacy of maghemite nanoparticles coated with rhodium (II) citrate. This treatment prolonged the survival period of treated mice without inducing apparent systemic toxicity, which strengthens its use for future breast cancer therapeutic applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Ródio/farmacologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Cítrico/química , Ácido Cítrico/farmacologia , Creatinina/sangue , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/análise , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ferro/sangue , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/análise , Ródio/química , Raios Ultravioleta
17.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 8(2): 301-8, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22515081

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance is used to investigate biodistribution aspects of dextran-coated magnetite nanoparticles (9.4 nm core diameter) in both liver and spleen from 5 minutes up to 6 months after intravenous administration of a magnetic fluid sample in female Swiss mice. Using magnetic resonance data important parameters such as the absorption half-life (t 1/2 = 12 +/- 2 min in the liver and t 1/2 = 11 +/- 2 min in the spleen), the peak time (1.7 +/- 0.2 h in the liver and 1.9 +/- 0.2 h in the spleen), and the disposition half-life of the dextran-coated magnetite nanoparticles in mice organs (t 1/2 = 70 +/- 10 h in the liver and t 1/2 = 32 +/- 7 h in the spleen) were assessed. In addition, light and electron microscopy showed several aspects that may be related to the iron metabolism. Microscopic analysis also revealed that although magnetite nanoparticles or iron released from them are retained in the organism for a long period of time, no morphologic alteration is induced by the intravenous administration of the magnetic fluid sample, evidencing its biocompatibility. The used tests may represent an adequate methodology for nanotoxicology evaluation.


Assuntos
Dextranos/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Animais , Dextranos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Feminino , Histocitoquímica , Injeções Intravenosas , Fígado/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica , Modelos Animais , Tamanho da Partícula , Fotomicrografia , Baço/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(4): 361-367, Apr. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-626472

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of progesterone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) on survival and growth of caprine preantral follicles. Pieces of ovarian tissue were cultured for 1 or 7 days in minimum essential medium (MEM) alone or containing progesterone (1, 2.5, 5, 10 or 20ng/mL), FSH (50ng/mL) or the interaction between progesterone and FSH. Fresh (non-cultured control) and cultured ovarian tissues were processed for histological and ultrastructural studies. After 7 days the addition of FSH to all progesterone concentrations maintained the percentage of normal follicles similar to fresh control. At day 7 of culture, a higher percentage of developing follicles was observed only in 2.5ng/ml of progesterone associated with FSH or 10ng/ml of progesterone alone when compared with control. From day 1 to day 7 of culture, a significant increase in the percentage of developing follicles was observed in MEM and 2.5ng/ml of progesterone + FSH. In addition, after 7 days, in all treatments, there was a significant increase in follicular diameter when compared with control, except for MEM alone and in 5ng/ml of progesterone + FSH or 10ng/ml of progesterone alone. Ultrastructural studies confirmed follicular integrity after 7 days of culture in 2.5ng/ml of progesterone with FSH. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the interaction between progesterone and FSH maintains ultrastructural integrity, stimulates primordial follicles activation and further growth of cultured caprine preantral follicles.


Este trabalho verificou os efeitos da progesterona e do hormônio folículo-estimulante (FSH) na sobrevivência e no crescimento de folículos pré-antrais caprinos. Fragmentos de tecido ovariano foram cultivados por 1 ou 7 dias em Meio Essencial Mínimo (MEM) sozinho ou contendo progesterona (1, 2.5, 5, 10 ou 20ng/mL), FSH (50ng/mL) ou a combinação entre esses dois hormônios. O tecido fresco (controle não-cultivado) e o cultivado foram processados para análise histológica e ultra-estrutural. Após 7 dias a adição de FSH a todas as concentrações de progesterone manteve o percentual de folículos normais similar ao controle fresco. No dia 7 de cultivo, um alto percentual de folículos em desenvolvimento foi observado somente no tratamento com 2,5ng/ml de progesterona associada ao FSH ou com 10ng/ml de progesterona sozinha, em relação ao controle fresco. Do dia 1 para o dia 7 de cultivo, um aumento significativo no percentual de folículos em desenvolvimento foi observado no MEM sozinho e adicionado de 2,5ng/ml de progesterona + FSH. Além disso, após 7 dias, em todos os tratamentos, houve um aumento significativo no diâmetro folicular em relação ao controle, exceto nos tratamentos com MEM sozinho, 5ng/ml de progesterona + FSH ou 10ng/ml de progesterona sozinha. A análise ultra-estrutural confirmou a integridade follicular após 7 dias de cultivo no tratamento com 2,5ng/ml de progesterona + FSH. Em conclusão, este estudo demonstrou que a interação entre progesterona e FSH mantém a integridade ultra-estrutural, estimula a ativação de folículos primordiais e o posterior crescimento de folículos pré-antrais caprinos cultivados in vitro.


Assuntos
Animais , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário , Ovinos/embriologia , Biometria , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/veterinária
19.
J Morphol ; 273(2): 160-72, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21956285

RESUMO

Morphology of male internal reproductive organs, spermatozoa, and spermiogenesis of the blow-flies Lucilia cuprina, Lucilia eximia, and Lucilia peruviana is first described here, using light and transmission electron microscopy. Spermiogenesis follows the characteristics described for others insect species. The spermatozoa of L. cuprina are similar to those described for other Brachycera. However, in L. eximia and L. peruviana, some differences were found. In L. cuprina and L. eximia species, the spermatozoa are long and thin, measuring about 211 µm and 146 µm in length, of which the head region measures approximately 19 µm and 17 µm, respectively. A polymorphism was observed in L. cuprina and L. eximia spermatozoa. In all three species, the head includes a monolayered acrosome with electron-lucent material. The shape of the nucleus, in cross sections, varies from circular to oval with completely condensed chromatin. Implantation of the axoneme was observed in the middle region of the nucleus, known as the "peg" region. In the next region, the beginning of two mitochondrial derivatives of similar diameter and different lengths in L. cuprina and only one in L. eximia and L. peruviana was observed. In the overlap region, the following structures were observed: nucleus, centriolar adjunct, mitochondrial derivatives, and axoneme. The axoneme is of a conventional insectan type with a 9 + 9 + 2 microtubular arrangement. The male internal reproductive tract consists of testis, deferent ducts, a strongly developed seminal vesicle, accessory glands, and ejaculatory duct. These features are consistent with the structural diversity of the dipteran reproductive tract and spermatozoa, comprising an essential tool for understanding the complex variations found in the Diptera.


Assuntos
Dípteros/ultraestrutura , Acrossomo/ultraestrutura , Animais , Axonema , Núcleo Celular/ultraestrutura , Centríolos/ultraestrutura , Ductos Ejaculatórios/ultraestrutura , Genitália Masculina/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Glândulas Seminais/ultraestrutura , Especificidade da Espécie , Espermatogênese/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/ultraestrutura , Testículo/ultraestrutura , Ducto Deferente/ultraestrutura
20.
Fungal Biol ; 115(8): 697-707, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21802049

RESUMO

A protein species preferentially expressed in yeast cells with a molecular mass of 80 kDa and isoeletric point (pI) of 7.79 was isolated from the proteome of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and characterized as an aconitase (ACO) (E.C. 4.2.1.3). ACO is an enzyme that catalyzes the isomerization of citrate to isocitrate in both the Krebs cycle and the glyoxylate cycle. We report the cloning and characterization of the cDNA encoding the ACO of P. brasiliensis (PbACO). The cDNA showed a 2361 bp open reading frame (ORF) and encoded a predicted protein with 787 amino acids. Polyclonal antibodies against the purified recombinant PbACO was obtained in order to analyze the subcellular localization of the molecule in P. brasiliensis. The protein is present in the extracellular fluid, cell wall enriched fraction, mitochondria, cytosol and peroxisomes of yeast cells as demonstrated by western blot and immunocytochemistry analysis. The expression analysis of the Pbaco gene was performed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR and results demonstrated an increased expression in yeast cells compared to mycelia. Real-time RT-PCR assays was also used to evaluate the Pbaco expression when the fungus grows on media with acetate and ethanol as sole carbon sources and in different iron levels. The results demonstrated that Pbaco transcript is over expressed in acetate and ethanol as sole carbon sources and in high-iron conditions.


Assuntos
Aconitato Hidratase/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Paracoccidioides/enzimologia , Aconitato Hidratase/genética , Aconitato Hidratase/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Clonagem Molecular , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Ferro/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Micélio/química , Micélio/enzimologia , Micélio/genética , Micélio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Paracoccidioides/química , Paracoccidioides/genética , Paracoccidioides/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transporte Proteico
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