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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18213, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852078

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between excess body mass index (BMI) and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in an operative population, and the impact of higher BMI on clinicopathological aggressiveness of PTC.Charts of 10,844 consecutive patients with thyroid nodules undergoing partial or total thyroidectomy between 1993 and 2015 were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with PTC were stratified in 4 groups: BMI < 18.5 (underweight), 18.5 ≤ BMI < 24 (normal-weight), 24 ≤ BMI < 28 (overweight) and BMI ≥ 28(obese). The impacts of high BMI on prevalence and clinicopathological parameters of PTC were retrospectively analyzed in both univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.For every 5-unit increase in body mass, the odds of risk-adjusted malignance increased by 36.6%. The individuals who were obese and overweight were associated with high risk of thyroid cancer [odds ratio (OR)= 1.982, P < .001; OR= 1.377, P < .001; respectively] compared to normal weight patients, and this positive association was found in both genders. Obesity was independent predictors for tumors larger than 1 cm (OR = 1.562, P < .001) and multifocality (OR = 1.616, P < .001). However, there was no difference in cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis among BMI groups. Crude analysis showed BMI was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (relative risk, approximately 1.23 per 5 BMI units, P < .001), but this association disappeared after adjusting for confounding factors.Obesity was significantly associated with the risk of PTC in a large, operative population. Higher BMI was significantly associated with larger tumor size and multifocal tumor.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/complicações , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/etiologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
2.
Horm Metab Res ; 51(11): 723-728, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683342

RESUMO

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) and type B insulin resistance syndrome (B-IRS) are rare autoimmune dysglycemia syndromes, but their treatment and prognosis are different. This study aimed to provide a basis for the clinical differential diagnosis of IAS and B-IRS. This was a retrospective study of the medical records of all patients diagnosed with IAS or B-IRS between January 2006 and March 2018 at the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Demographic, clinical, biochemistry, treatment, and follow-up data were examined. There were several different biochemical parameters between IAS (n=13) and B-IRS (n=6): white blood count (WBC, 7.05±3.06 vs. 2.70±0.73×109/l, p=0.004), platelet (249±56.6 vs. 111±68.0×109/l, p<0.001), serum creatine (59.0±17.8 vs. 43.1±7.05 µmol/l, p=0.013), serum albumin (42.3±5.17 vs. 33.6±3.40 g/l, p=0.002), triglyceride (median, 1.33 (1.01, 1.93) vs. 0.56 (0.50, 0.79) mmol/l, p=0.002), plasma IgG (1183±201 vs. 1832±469 mg/ml, p=0.018), IgA (328±140 vs. 469±150 mg/ml, p=0.018), and C3 (128±23.4 vs. 45.3±13.5 mg/l, p<0.001). Fasting insulin in the IAS and B-IRS patients was high (299-4708 vs. 118-851 mU/l, p=0.106), and there was a difference in 2 h oral glucose tolerance test insulin (4217-8343 mU/l vs. 274-1143 mU/l, p=0.012). Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in the B-IRS patients was higher than in IAS patients (114±14.4. vs. 40.6±8.89 mmol/mol, p<0.001). Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was lower in all B-IRS patients (25±0.00 vs. 132±52.7 ng/ml, p<0.001). Although IAS and B-IRS are autoimmune hyperinsulinemic dysglycemic syndromes, several clinical parameters (body mass index, HbA1c, WBC, platelet, albumin, triglyceride, IgG, C3, and IGF-1) are different between these two syndromes.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040822

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of PSMA in the differential diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinoma samples (ACCs) and adrenocortical adenoma samples (ACAs), to validate the prognostic role of PSMA in patients with ACCs, and to explore the possibility that this marker can differentiate localized ACCs from adrenal metastases from other sites. Methods: PSMA protein expression in tissue samples from 50 ACCs, 90 ACAs (including 20 from patients who presented with Cushing's syndrome, 20 aldosterone-producing adenomas and 50 non-functional tumors) and 10 tissues that were metastases from other primary sites was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The clinical and pathological characteristics were compared, the intensity and density were analyzed, and the prognostic role was evaluated. Results: The analysis of clinical and pathological features revealed that the size of ACCs was greater than that of benign tissues and the ACC patients were older than the ACA patients (p < 0.01). The percentage of PSMA-positive vessels, the mean intensity and the degree of staining density were found to be significantly lower in ACAs than in ACCs (p < 0.01). In these 140 samples, 60% of the ACCs were grouped in the positive category. The samples were negative for metastases that were from other primary sites. The ENSAT stage and Ki-67 were correlated with PSMA expression. The survival distribution revealed that high PSMA expression did not show any prognostic relevance in the current ACCs series. Those samples with a score of > 3.5 were 75 times more likely to be malignant (OR = 75). We established a cut-off score of 3.5 (p < 0.05), which had 46% sensitivity and 99% specificity. Paralleling PSMA and Ki-67 maximized the area under the curve, with 72% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions: Our results strongly confirm that PSMA is helpful for distinguishing benign from malignant tumors and that its high expression levels correlate with a high ENSAT stage and high proliferation. The combination of PSMA and Ki-67 can be particularly useful. Furthermore, PSMA might be a useful tool for the identification of localized adrenal carcinoma and metastatic carcinoma.

4.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(8): 961-971, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent Cushing's syndrome (CS) is mostly due to unilateral tumors, with bilateral tumors rarely reported. Its common causes include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia, and bilateral adrenocortical adenomas (BAAs) or carcinomas. BAAs causing ACTH-independent CS are rare; up to now, fewer than 40 BAA cases have been reported. The accurate diagnosis and evaluation of BAAs are critical for determining optimal treatment options. Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is a good way to diagnose ACTH-independent CS. CASE SUMMARY: A 31-year-old woman had a typical appearance of CS. The oral glucose tolerance test showed impaired glucose tolerance and obviously increased insulin and C-peptide levels. Her baseline serum cortisol and urine free cortisol were elevated and did not show either a circadian rhythm or suppression with dexamethasone administration. The peripheral 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin (DDVAP) stimulation test showed a delay of the peak level, which was 1.05 times as high as the baseline level. Bilateral AVS results suggested the possibility of BAAs. Abdominal computed tomography showed bilateral adrenal adenomas with atrophic adrenal glands (right: 3.1 cm × 2.0 cm × 1.9 cm; left: 2.2 cm × 1.9 cm × 2.1 cm). Magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland demonstrated normal findings. A left adenomectomy by retroperitoneoscopy was performed first, followed by resection of the right-side adrenal mass 3 mo later. Biopsy results of both adenomas showed cortical tumors. Evaluations of ACTH and cortisol showed a significant decrease after left adenomectomy but could still not be suppressed, and the circadian rhythm was absent. Following bilateral adenomectomy, this patient has been administered with prednisone until now, all of her symptoms were alleviated, and she had normal blood pressure without edema in either of her lower extremities. CONCLUSION: BAAs causing ACTH-independent CS are rare. AVS is of great significance for obtaining information on the functional state of BAAs before surgery.

6.
Front Neurol ; 9: 449, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963005

RESUMO

Craniopharyngiomas and germinomas are both rare cranial tumors that most commonly present during childhood or adolescence. Although these tumors have different origins, their clinical and radiological features may be similar. In this article, we report the case of a 35-year female patient with clinical and radiological findings and increased human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that were consistent with a germinoma. However, pathological analysis revealed a craniopharyngioma. This case report indicates that HCG, which is regarded as a specific tumor marker for germinomas in the differential diagnosis of intracranial lesions, is also detectable in other kinds of suprasellar tumors, such as craniopharyngiomas.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(2): e9084, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29480822

RESUMO

Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is associated with simultaneous or subsequent pituitary hormone deficiencies (PHDs). Although the clinical features of multiple PHDs are well known, the status of the thyrotrophic axis in PSIS has not been thoroughly investigated.The clinical data of 89 PSIS patients and 34 Sheehan syndrome (SS) patients were retrospectively analyzed.The prevalence of central hypothyroidism in the PSIS patients and the SS patients was 79.8% and 70.6%, respectively. The thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in the PSIS patients were significantly higher in comparison with the SS patients (5.13 ±â€Š3.40 vs 1.67 ±â€Š1.20 mU/L, P < .05). TSH elevation (8.79 ±â€Š3.17 mU/L) was noticed in 29 of 71 (40.85%) hypothyroid PSIS patients but not in the 24 hypothyroid SS patients. The TSH levels in the hypothyroid PSIS patients were significantly higher in comparison with the euthyroid PSIS patients (5.42 ±â€Š3.67 vs 3.66 ±â€Š1.50 mU/L). Thyroid hormone replacement significantly reduced the TSH levels in the PSIS patients with elevated TSH levels from 7.24 ±â€Š0.98 to 1.67 ±â€Š1.51 mU/L (P < .05). The logistic regression analysis suggested that TSH level was not significantly associated with pituitary stalk status and height of the anterior pituitary gland.PSIS is a newly recognized cause of central hypothyroidism. The proportion and amplitude of TSH elevations are higher in PSIS than in other causes of central hypothyroidism.


Assuntos
Doenças da Hipófise/metabolismo , Tireotropina/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Hipófise/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Hipófise/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Hipófise/epidemiologia , Hipófise/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipófise/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipófise/metabolismo , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireotropina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
8.
Endocr J ; 65(3): 269-279, 2018 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29279458

RESUMO

Primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (PMAH), also known in the past as bilateral macronodular adrenalhyperplasia or adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia, is a rare type of Cushing's syndrome (CS) and is associated with bilateralenlargement of the adrenal glands. It accounts for <1% of all endogenous cases of CS. In order toidentify the pathogenic mutations in the causative gene of (AIMAH pedigrees, Whole-genome sequencing of three patients in family I was used to retrieve candidate causative genes. Meanwhile, the causative gene was identified by Sanger sequencing from the two pedigrees. Sequencing of ARMC5 exons of three patients was carried out to identify somatic mutations. Moreover, haploid clone of one tumor DNA sample was conducted. ARMC5 was the causative gene of two pedigrees confirmed by whole-genome sequencing (WGA) and Sanger sequencing. The variant sites of the two families were c.C943T (p.R315W) and c.C1960T (p.R654X), respectively. Autosomal dominant inheritance of AIMAH was confirmed by genotypes of one family member. Several somatic mutations were discovered in tumor DNA samples. In addition, haploid clone of tumor DNA was confirmed by germline mutation and somaticmutation, which suggested the pathogenic mechanism of "two-hit-model." ARMC5 was the causative gene of AIMAH pedigrees. This AIMAH in this study presented autosomal dominant inheritance, fitting to Mendelian inheritance law. However, the pathogenic mode of this disease showed as compound heterozygote.


Assuntos
Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Cushing/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Proteínas do Domínio Armadillo , Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Linhagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
9.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 15832, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158505

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the gender-related differences of disease onset, age distribution, blood type, clinical characteristics, and malignant behaviors of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in Chinese patients. A total of 7385 consecutive thyroid cancer patients who underwent thyroidectomy were retrospectively reviewed. 4087 (55.3%) were diagnosed as benign and the other (3298, 44.7%) were as malignant. DTC accounted for 97.6% in the malignant tumor. More single nodules turned out to be DTC in male compared to multiple nodules (46.9% vs. 40.4%, P = 0.004). The proportion increased along with the increase of year during 2000-2013, which was from 7.5% to 68.1% in males and from 16.2% to 66.7% in females. The level of preoperative TSH was significantly higher in patients with DTC compared to the patients with benign (1.97 vs. 1.57 mIU/L, P < 0.001). The proportion of thyroid cancer was dominated in blood type B and the lowest incidence in blood type A in male, the difference was not statistically significant. The results showed that age, nodule number, BMI and serum TSH were the related factors for DTC. More aggressive behaviors of DTC were observed in male patients, and more attention should be focused on the timely diagnosis and treatment of these patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Tipagem e Reações Cruzadas Sanguíneas , Carcinoma/sangue , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caracteres Sexuais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia , Tireotropina/sangue , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(37): e7998, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28906379

RESUMO

RATIONALE: An accessory ovary is a rare structure containing normal ovarian tissue, which has a direct or ligamentous connection with a normal and eutopic ovary. PATIENT CONCERNS: In the study, we reported a 46-year-old woman presented with secondary amenorrhea and virilization symptoms for 1 year. DIAGNOSES: Endocrine evaluation revealed slightly elevated serum cortisol, extremely elevated 24-hour urinary-free cortisol and serum testosterone. Clinical assessment exhibited a large solid mass with heterogeneous enhancement in the left adnexauteri compounded with hypercortisolism and hyperandrogenemia. An accessory ovarian tumor attached to the infundibulum of the left fallopian tube was found, and a separate normal ovary was present on the same side. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a left adnexectomy. OUTCOMES: During surgery, a 12 cm × 8 cm, gray-red, and well-circumscribed solid mass was be identified. The tumor had ligamentous attachment with the infundibulum of left fallopian tube. The sectioned surface was gray-brown, lobulated and did not exhibit either significant necrosis or hemorrhage. Pathological findings demonstrated that tumor cells had small round nuclei, mild atypia, no mitosis were arranged in a diffuse pattern of columns or nests separated by a rich vascular network and no crystals of Reinke were found. It was diagnosis ovarian steroid cell tumor (NOS) without malignant behavior by immunohistochemical staining. The patient was finally diagnosed as accessory ovarian steroid. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the seventeenth day after surgery. During postoperative follow-up, the first postoperative menstrual flow recovered and blood pressure regained 1 month after surgery. Furthermore, her Cushing syndrome regressed and hirsutism disappeared completely 4 months after surgery cell tumor. LESSONS: It is vitally important to establish a final diagnosis according to the clinical manifestations and laboratory values in addition to imaging studies and laparoscopic examination of a rare coexistence of hyperandrogenemia and Cushing syndrome based on the accessory ovarian pathology.


Assuntos
Hidrocortisona/biossíntese , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Ovário/anormalidades , Tumores do Estroma Gonadal e dos Cordões Sexuais/metabolismo , Testosterona/biossíntese , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Tumores do Estroma Gonadal e dos Cordões Sexuais/complicações
11.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 9: 17, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28293303

RESUMO

AIMS: Analyze the clinical applicability of glucose metabolism indexes and continuous glucose monitoring data on the qualitative diagnosis of insulinoma. METHODS: Involve 22 patients with insulinoma (insulinoma group), 11 patients with hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia group) and 31 people with normal glucose tolerance (control group). HbA1c, fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin (FINS) and C-peptide (FCP) was tested. Using CGMS to monitor the blood glucose for three consecutive days and selecting the monitoring data of 24 h thereof, figuring out, with the aid of EasyGV Version 9.0, the mean glucose (MG), the standard deviation (SD) of blood glucose, CONGA (continuous overall net glycemic action), J-Index, LI (Lability Index), LBGI (Low Blood Glucose Index), HBGI (High Blood Glucose Index), GRADE (glycaemic risk assessment diabetes equation), MAGE (mean aplitude of glycaemic excursions), M value, MAG (mean absolute glucose). RESULTS: (1) FBG and LBG of insulinoma group are lower than those of control group and those of hypoglycemia group while FINS and FCP of insulinoma group are markedly higher than those of the other two groups; (2) the MG and CONGA of insulinoma group are lower than those of control group and its indexes like ST, LI, LBGI, GRADE, MAGE, M value and MAG are higher than those of control group; there are differences between the indexes of insulinoma group and those of hypoglycemia group in CONGA (lower than that of hypoglycemia group), LBGI (higher than that of hypoglycemia group), and M value (higher than that of hypoglycemia group). By drawing the ROC curve and calculating Youden index, the cut-off values of LBGI, M value, CONGA are respectively as 4.06, 7.79, 4.38, and the best index of differential diagnosis is LBGI. CONCLUSION: Continuous glucose monitoring data can be used to diagnose insulinoma and blood glucose fluctuation indicators such as LBGI, M value, CONGA might be useful to identify insulinoma.

12.
Clin Exp Med ; 17(1): 85-91, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26615829

RESUMO

The aim of present study was to explore the relationships between osteopenia and dyslipidemia, glycemic levels or blood pressure in postmenopausal Chinese women. A total of 4080 women aged 42-85 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, which was nested in an ongoing longitudinal (REACTION) study. Calcaneus quantitative ultrasound (QUS) was performed and QUS T score was calculated to assess bone mineral density. Osteopenia was defined as a T score ≤-1.0. The relationship between osteopenia and dyslipidemia, glycemic levels or blood pressure was investigated. The prevalence of osteopenia was significantly lower in subjects with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg, fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥8.0 mmol/L, postprandial blood glucose (PBG) ≥15.0 mmol/L, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) 6.5-7.5 %, HbA1C ≥7.5 %. These relationships remained significant after controlling for multiple factors. Moreover, significant trend between osteopenia and SBP, FBG, PBG and HbA1C was observed in women. In contrast, no significant associations between osteopenia and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were found, and no significant trend relationship between osteopenia and DBP, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C was found in postmenopausal Chinese women. The present study showed a relationship between SBP, FBG, PBG, HbA1C and osteopenia in postmenopausal Chinese women, while no significant relationship was observed between dyslipidemia, DBP and osteopenia, even after controlling for multiple confounding factors.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/sangue , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/complicações , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/complicações , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Triglicerídeos/sangue
13.
J Diabetes ; 9(7): 667-676, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27502307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a significant burden in China, where approximately 114 million patients have been diagnosed with diabetes. Chinese patients present with prominent ß-cell failure, with resulting deficiency in insulin secretion, particularly early phase insulin secretion leading to postprandial hyperglycemia. Sitagliptin, a selective once-daily oral dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, has been shown to improve glycemic control as monotherapy and in combination with other antihyperglycemic agents, including sulfonylureas and metformin. METHODS: This was a multicenter randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study conducted in China. The study assessed the safety and efficacy of the addition of sitagliptin 100 mg once daily versus placebo on changes from baseline at Week 24 in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h post-meal glucose (PMG). Patients were aged 18-79 years, had T2DM with inadequate glycemic control, and were taking a sulfonylurea, with or without metformin. RESULTS: After 24 weeks, sitagliptin reduced HbA1c, FPG, and 2-h PMG significantly more than placebo (between-treatment differences: -0.61 %, -16.8 mg/dL, and -32.9 mg/dL, respectively; P < 0.001 for all). The addition of sitagliptin was generally well tolerated, with a comparable incidence of adverse events and drug-related adverse events in both treatment groups. The sitagliptin group had a higher incidence of symptomatic hypoglycemia than the placebo group (25/248 [10.1 %] vs 13/249 [5.2 %], respectively; P = 0.042). CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin 100 mg once daily significantly improved glycemic control in Chinese patients with T2DM who had inadequate glycemic control with sulfonylurea, with or without metformin therapy. The addition of sitagliptin was generally well tolerated. (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01590771).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Fosfato de Sitagliptina/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Glicemia/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , China , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfato de Sitagliptina/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 37(3): 189-192, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27618603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with malignant insulinoma always present with symptoms of severe hypoglycemia and have poor life expectancy. In addition, inoperable metastatic malignant insulinomas are very difficult to manage. The aim of this report is to present our successful experiences in diagnosis and treatment of this disease in 6 patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Six patients (male 2, female 4) with malignant insulinomas were admitted into our hospital. Their clinical histories, including clinical presentations, endocrine evaluations, radiological images, pathological examination and treatments, were reviewed. RESULTS: The diagnosis of malignant insulinoma combined with liver metastases was confirmed in all patients by endocrine evaluation and radiological images. Patients 1-3 underwent surgical management. The primary and metastasized tumors were completely resected. After successful surgery, no hypoglycemia recurred. Patients 4-6 did not undergo surgery because of systemic disease and poor health. Instead, they were administrated with diazoxide 50 mg Three Times a Day (TID), with final doses up to 200-300 mg TID. These 3 patients had good responses to diazoxide administration. After treatment, the frequency and severity of hypoglycemia were improved significantly. All 6 patients had better life quality than previously expected. CONCLUSION: Combination of surgical and medical approaches can improve life quality and prolong survival of patients with malignant insulinomas.


Assuntos
Insulinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adulto , Diazóxido/uso terapêutico , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemia/etiologia , Insulinoma/cirurgia , Insulinoma/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Exp Ther Med ; 11(2): 530-534, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26893641

RESUMO

In the present study, the case of a female patient with pseudo-hermaphrodism caused by an androgen-producing adrenocortical tumor is presented, and the possible mechanism is investigated. The expression of the luteinizing hormone/human chorionic gonadotrophin (LH/hCG) receptor in tumor tissues and normal adrenal tissues was analyzed using immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, the activities of 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (HSD2), cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase (CYP17) and 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 3 (HSD3) enzymes were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression levels of 3ß-HSD2, 17ß-HSD3, CYP17 and LH/hCG receptor mRNA were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Immunohistochemical staining for the LH/hCG receptor was negative in the tumor tissue and positive in the normal adrenal tissue. The activities of 3ß-HSD2 and CYP17 in the tumor tissue were higher than those in the normal tissue (P<0.01), whereas the activity of 17ß-HSD3 was lower (P<0.01). The mRNA levels of 3ß-HSD2 and CYP17 were higher (P<0.01) and the levels of 17ß-HSD3 and LH/hCG receptor were lower (P<0.01) in the tumor tissue compared with those of the normal tissue. In conclusion, in the present study, a rare case of virilization by an androgen-producing adrenocortical tumor is present. The results indicate that it may be associated with increased activities of 3ß-HSD2 and CYP17 but not with the expression of the LH/hCG receptor.

16.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 55(1): 11-5, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26796646

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand type B insulin resistance syndrome (B-IRS) by reviewing 3 cases from our center and cases from literatures. METHODS: The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up data of the 3 patients with B-IRS were evaluated. RESULTS: All the 3 patients were middle-aged women with severe hyperglycemia or paradoxical hypoglycemia. The clinical findings were as follows. (1)B-IRS was associated with several autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and sclerosis. (2) The metabolic abnormalities of B-IRS include weight loss, severe hyperinsulinemia, high level of adiponectin, and low level of insulin-like growth factor type 1(IGF-1) and TG. (3)B-IRS was characterized with nonspecific serological disorders (such as leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and hypoalbuminemia) and changes (decreased complements and elevated IgG and/or IgA), and with specific immunological abnormalities[such as high titer of antinuclear antibody(ANA), positive in anti-SSA, anti-SSB and anti-dsDNA antibodies). Positive in anti-insulin receptor antibody was of diagnostic value but not necessary. (4) Treatments include insulin in combination with immunosuppressive therapy. Patients with H. pylori (Hp) infection may be benefit with eradication therapy. CONCLUSIONS: B-IRS is rare but not difficult to identify. Treatments include therapy of the underlying diseases and high dose of insulin.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Hiperglicemia/diagnóstico , Hipoglicemia/diagnóstico , Resistência à Insulina , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 29(2): 209-16, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26495923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reninoma is an extremely rare renal tumor characterized by excessive renin secretion causing secondary hypertension and hypokalemia. Reninoma is a benign and highly manageable lesion if it is discovered early and removed surgically. METHODS: We report six cases of reninoma and provide a literature review on this rare disease, highlighting the diagnostic evaluation and follow-up of each patient. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Reninoma should be considered in young adults with elevated renin activity and refractory hypertension. Imaging studies and selective venous catheterization are often helpful in identifying the lesion. In most cases of reninoma presenting with renin-mediated hypertension, conservative surgical treatment should be considered to remove the small, superficial lesion.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Renina/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 95(20): 1572-5, 2015 May 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26463604

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of intravenous glucocorticoid therapy with or without orbital radiotherapy for moderate-to-severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. METHODS: A total of 83 patients with moderate-to-severe Graves' ophthalmopathy were retrospectively analyzed. Intravenous glucocorticoid was given to patients for 3 consecutive days every four weeks in 1-3 circles. The regimens included intravenous glucocorticoid alone (n = 36) and intravenous glucocorticoid plus orbital radiotherapy (n = 47). Photophobia, lacrimation, eye pain, soft tissue congestion, edema, exophthalmos and diplopia were compared before and after treatment. The symptoms and efficacies were compared between two groups. RESULTS: During a 12-week follow-up, clinical activity score (CAS), exophthalmos and diplopia all improved after treatment (P < 0.05). However, the changes of CAS, exophthalmos or diplopia showed no inter-group differences (P > 0.05). The overall clinical response was 50% in glucocorticoid group and 63.8% in glucocorticoid plus orbital radiotherapy group. And there was no statistical difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Moderate-to-severe Graves' ophthalmopathy may be relieved by pulsed intravenous glucocorticoid with or without orbital radiotherapy. There is no inter-group difference in short-term efficacies.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves , Administração Intravenosa , Glucocorticoides , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 54(7): 618-22, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26359025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cushing's syndrome is a clinical condition resulting from chronic exposure to excess glucocorticoid. As a consequence, long-term hypercortisolism contributes significantly to the development of systemic disorders by direct and/or indirect effects. The present study was to analyze the changes of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system in different subtypes of Cushing's syndrome on the standard posture test. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 150 patients with histologically confirmed Cushing's syndrome treated at the PLA General Hospital between 2002 and 2014. Among them, 128 patients were diagnosed as adreno-cortico-tropic-hormone (ACTH)-independent Cushing's syndrome, and 22 were ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. All patients were undertaken the posture test. Plasma renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II, plasma aldosterone concertration (PAC) levels were measured before and after the test. RESULTS: Basal plasma PRA [0.5 (0.2,1.3)µg·L(-1)·h(-1), angiotensin II [(48.9±20.1) ng/L] and PAC [(285.0±128.1) pmol/L] levels were within the normal range in supine position. Compared with the subjects with ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome, the basal PAC levels were higher in subjects with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome [(348.0±130.4) pmol/L vs (274.2±125.0) pmol/L, P<0.05]. However, the PAC response in subjects with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome [(49.7±26.4)%] was significantly lower than that in those with ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome [(81.2±69.3)%] upon upright posture stimulation (P<0.05). There were no statistical significances in PRA and angiotensin II levels between the two groups. The basal PAC and PRA levels were positively correlated with ACTH, whereas PAC response was negatively correlated with ACTH. CONCLUSIONS: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system activity in subjects with Cushing's syndrome was similar to that in normal control. The basal PAC level and its response to upright posture are differently associated with ACTH level in Cushing's syndrome.


Assuntos
Aldosterona/sangue , Angiotensina II/sangue , Síndrome de Cushing/fisiopatologia , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Renina/sangue , Síndrome de Cushing/classificação , Glucocorticoides/sangue , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 240(11): 1480-9, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26031747

RESUMO

Kallmann syndrome, a form of idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, is characterized by developmental abnormalities of the reproductive system and abnormal olfaction. Despite association of certain genes with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, the genetic inheritance and expression are complex and incompletely known. In the present study, seven Kallmann syndrome pedigrees in an ethnic Han Chinese population were screened for genetic mutations. The exons and intron-exon boundaries of 19 idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism)-related genes in seven Chinese Kallmann syndrome pedigrees were sequenced. Detected mutations were also tested in 70 sporadic Kallmann syndrome cases and 200 Chinese healthy controls. In pedigrees 1, 2, and 7, the secondary sex characteristics were poorly developed and the patients' sense of smell was severely or completely lost. We detected a genetic mutation in five of the seven pedigrees: homozygous KAL1 p.R191ter (pedigree 1); homozygous KAL1 p.C13ter (pedigree 2; a novel mutation); heterozygous FGFR1 p.R250W (pedigree 3); and homozygous PROKR2 p.Y113H (pedigrees 4 and 5). No genetic change of the assayed genes was detected in pedigrees 6 and 7. Among the 70 sporadic cases, we detected one homozygous and one heterozygous PROKR2 p.Y113H mutation. This mutation was also detected heterozygously in 2/200 normal controls and its pathogenicity is likely questionable. The genetics and genotype-phenotype relationships in Kallmann syndrome are complicated. Classical monogenic inheritance does not explain the full range of genetic inheritance of Kallmann syndrome patients. Because of stochastic nature of genetic mutations, exome analyses of Kallmann syndrome patients may provide novel insights.


Assuntos
Análise Mutacional de DNA , Síndrome de Kallmann/etnologia , Síndrome de Kallmann/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Criança , China , Códon sem Sentido , Éxons , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/etnologia , Hipogonadismo/genética , Íntrons , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Receptores de Peptídeos/genética , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Adulto Jovem
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