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1.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978298

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) poses a potential environmental risk factor for cognitive dysfunction during early life and childhood. Resveratrol is considered a promising antioxidant with respect to the prevention of cognitive deficits and act as a potent SIRT1 agonist. Here in, this study aims to investigate the profile of neurogenesis markers following Pb exposure and to determine the regulatory role of resveratrol in this process. We confirmed firstly the protective effects of resveratrol against Pb-induced impairments of hippocampal neurogenesis in Male SD rats. Pb exposure early in life caused the altered expression of Ki-67, NeuN, caspase-3 and SIRT1signaling, thereby resulting in spatial cognitive impairment of adolescent rats. As expected, resveratrol reduced cognitive damage and promoted neurogenesis in Pb-induced injury by regulation of SIRT1 pathway. Collectively, our study establishes the efficacy of resveratrol as a neuroprotective agent and providesa strong rationale for further studies on SIRT1-mediated mechanisms of neuroprotective functions.

2.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844169

RESUMO

To evaluate the association between selenoprotein gene polymorphisms and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) susceptibility through a systematic review and updated meta-analysis. PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were electronically searched using the terms "selenoprotein" and "Kashin-Beck disease" or "KBD" with a search time from the establishment of the database to January 2021. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used for methodological quality evaluation of the included studies. Stata 14.0 software was used to pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval. There were a total of eight included case-control studies covering 2025 KBD patients and 1962 controls. Meta-analysis results show that the pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for DIO2 (rs225014) were 0.69 (0.52, 0.91), 0.69 (0.50, 0.96), and 0.72 (0.52, 0.99) in the allele, heterozygote, and dominant models, respectively. The OR and 95%CI for SEPS1 (-105G>A) were 2.47 (1.85, 3.29), 9.36 (4.58, 19.12), 2.17 (1.53, 3.08), and 8.60 (4.25, 17.38) in the allele, homozygote, dominant, and recessive models, respectively. In addition, the OR and 95%CI for Sep15 (rs5859) were 2.05 (1.06, 3.96) in the allele model. These results illustrate that there was a significant association between DIO2 (rs225014), SEPS1 (-105G>A), Sep15 (rs5859), and KBD. For GPX1 (rs1050450, rs1800668, rs3811699), DIO2 (rs225014, rs1352815, rs1388382), TrxR2 (rs1139793, rs5746841), GPX4 (rs713041, rs4807542), and SEPP1 (rs7579, 25191g/a), there was no significant statistical difference between the KBD and control groups (P>0.05). We conclude that the DIO2 (rs225014), SEPS1 (-105G>A), and Sep15 (rs5859) gene polymorphism are associated with susceptibility to KBD.

3.
Front Public Health ; 9: 578134, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33748055

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed to explore the potential association among the estrogen receptor alpha (ESRα) promoter methylation, lipid metabolism and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total of 1143 rural residents were recruited randomly from Henan Province, China. The circulating methylation levels in ESRα promoter region were determined by quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. Serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and fasting plasma-glucose (FPG) were measured. Results: The ESRα promoter methylation levels were negatively associated with HDL-C levels whether gender stratification was performed (P < 0.05) and positively correlated with LDL-C in men (P < 0.05). Each unit standard deviation (SD) increment in TG was associated with a 43% increase (95% CI: 1.25, 1.64) in the risks of T2DM in all participants, a 36% increase (95% CI: 1.13, 1.64) in the risks of T2DM in men and a 49% increase (95% CI: 1.21, 1.83) in the risks of T2DM in women. Furthermore, each SD increment in HDL-C was associated with a reduction of 25% (OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.58, 0.97) in the risks of T2DM in men, and the risk of T2DM in men may be more susceptible to HDL-C than that in women (P for interaction < 0.05). Additionally, we found that the risk of T2DM in participants with lower methylation levels (≤4.07%) were more susceptible to HDL-C (P for interaction < 0.05). Conclusions: These findings suggested that lipid metabolism was associated with ESRα promoter methylation levels and the risk of T2DM. Besides, the levels of ESRα promoter methylation and gender can modify the association of HDL-C and T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Fazendeiros , Feminino , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Masculino , Metilação , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
4.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479887

RESUMO

Excessive fluoride exposure has detrimental effects on the thyroid gland, which may be modified by iodine. However, the role of iodine in it remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the role of iodine in thyroid abnormalities caused by fluoride exposure in school-age children. A total of 446 children aged 7-12 years were recruited from Tongxu County, Henan province, in 2017 (ZZUIRB 2017-018). We obtained demographic information through questionnaire surveys. The concentrations of urinary fluoride (UF) and urinary iodine (UI) were determined by the ion-selective electrode method and the catalytic spectrophotometric method, respectively. The radiation immunoassay was used to determine the serum concentrations of total triiodothyronine (TT3), total thyroxine (TT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The B-mode ultrasound was performed to assess thyroid volumes (Tvols). The associations between fluoride exposure and thyroid-related indicators were tested by linear regression models. We found that Tvols increased by 0.22 (95% CI: 0.14, 0.31) cm3 with each standard deviation increment of UF. Moreover, Tvols in boys were more susceptible to fluoride exposure than those in girls, and the Tvols of children with high urinary iodine are less susceptible to fluoride exposure (P for interaction < 0.05). We also observed that TT3 levels were negatively related to UF concentrations at moderate urinary iodine levels (≤ 300 µg/l). Fluoride exposure can elevate the Tvols of school-age children, especially in boys, and high levels of iodine may alleviate this effect to some extent.

5.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1657, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intellectual loss induced by fluoride exposure has been extensively studied, but the association between fluoride exposure in different susceptibility windows and children's intelligence is rarely reported. Hence, we conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the association between fluoride exposure in prenatal and childhood periods and intelligence quotient (IQ). METHODS: We recruited 633 local children aged 7-13 years old randomly from four primary schools in Kaifeng, China in 2017. The children were divided into four groups, of which included: control group (CG, n = 228), only prenatal excessive fluoride exposure group (PFG, n = 107), only childhood excessive fluoride exposure group (CFG, n = 157), both prenatal and childhood excessive fluoride exposure group (BFG, n = 141). The concentrations of urinary fluoride (UF) and urinary creatinine (UCr) were determined by fluoride ion-selective electrode assay and a creatinine assay kit (picric acid method), respectively. The concentration of UCr-adjusted urinary fluoride (CUF) was calculated. IQ score was assessed using the second revision of the Combined Raven's Test-The Rural in China (CRT-RC2). Threshold and saturation effects analysis, multiple linear regression analysis and logistic regression analysis were conducted to analyze the association between fluoride exposure and IQ. RESULTS: The mean IQ score in PFG was respectively lower than those in CG, CFG and BFG (P < 0.05). The odds of developing excellent intelligence among children in PFG decreased by 51.1% compared with children in CG (OR = 0.489, 95% CI: 0.279, 0.858). For all the children, CUF concentration of ≥1.7 mg/L was negatively associated with IQ scores (ß = - 4.965, 95% CI: - 9.198, - 0.732, P = 0.022). In children without prenatal fluoride exposure, every 1.0 mg/L increment in the CUF concentration of ≥2.1 mg/L was related to a reduction of 11.4 points in children's IQ scores (95% CI: - 19.2, - 3.5, P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal and childhood excessive fluoride exposures may impair the intelligence development of school children. Furthermore, children with prenatal fluoride exposure had lower IQ scores than children who were not prenatally exposed; therefore the reduction of IQ scores at higher levels of fluoride exposure in childhood does not become that evident.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145731

RESUMO

Changes in the preconception ambient temperature (PAT) can affect the gametogenesis, disturbing the development of the embryo, but the health risks of PAT on the developing fetus are still unclear. Here, based on the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project in the rural areas of Henan Province, we evaluate the effects of PAT on preterm birth (PTB). Data of 1,231,715 records from self-reported interviews, preconception physical examination, early gestation follow-up, and postpartum follow-up were collected from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2016. Generalized additive models were used to assess the cumulative and lag effects of PAT upon PTB. The significant cumulative effects of mean temperature within 2 weeks and 3 weeks on the risk of PTB, especially upon late PTB (34-36 weeks) (P < 0.05), were observed. Exposure to extreme heat (> 90th percentile) within 2 weeks (RR = 1.470) and 3 weeks (RR = 1.375) before conception could increase the risk of PTB. After stratifying PTB, exposure to extreme heat within 2 weeks before conception can increase the risks of early (< 34 weeks) and late PTB (P < 0.05). Besides, exposure to extreme cold (< 10th percentile) within 3 weeks or longer before conception can elevate the risk of PTB, especially late PTB. The significant lag effects of temperature changes on the risk of early PTB (lag-8 days or earlier) were observed. In conclusion, the risk of PTB was susceptible to PAT changes within 2 weeks or longer before conception. Our findings provide (i) guidance for rural couples to make pregnancy plans and (ii) scientific evidence for the government to formulate policies to prevent PTB.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 203: 111031, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888610

RESUMO

Bone mineral density (BMD) changes were reported to be associated with excessive fluoride exposure and abnormal expression of RUNX2. However, whether the alteration of methylation status, a most commonly used marker for the alteration of gene expression in epidemiological investigation, of RUNX2 is associated with low-to-moderate fluoride exposure and BMD changes has not been reported. Our study aims to explore the role of RUNX2 promoter methylation in BMD changes induced by low-to-moderate fluoride exposure. A total of 1124 adults (413 men and 711 women) were recruited from Kaifeng City in 2017. We measured BMD using ultrasound bone densitometer. Concentrations of urinary fluoride (UF) were measured using ion-selective electrode, and the participants were grouped into control group (CG) and excessive fluoride group (EFG) according to the concentration of UF. We extracted DNA from fasting peripheral blood samples and then detected the promoter methylation levels of RUNX2 using quantitative methylation-specific PCR. Relationships between UF concentration, RUNX2 promoter methylation and BMD changes were analyzed using generalized linear model and logistic regression. Results showed in EFG (UF concentration > 1.6 mg/L), BMD was negatively correlated with UF concentration (ß: -0.14; 95%CI: -0.26, -0.01) and RUNX2 promoter methylation (ß: -0.13; 95%CI: -0.22, -0.03) in women. The methylation rate of RUNX2 promoter increased by 2.16% for each 1 mg/L increment in UF concentration of women in EFG (95%CI: 0.37, 3.96). No any significant associations between UF concentration, RUNX2 promoter methylation, and BMD were observed in the individuals in CG. Mediation analysis showed that RUNX2 promoter methylation mediated 18.2% (95% CI: 4.2%, 53.2%) of the association between UF concentration and BMD of women in EFG. In conclusion, excessive fluoride exposure (>1.6 mg/L) is associated with changes of BMD in women, and this association is mediated by RUNX2 promoter methylation.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , Densidade Óssea/genética , China , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fluoretos/urina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Poluentes Químicos da Água/urina
8.
Microb Pathog ; 149: 104505, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979472

RESUMO

The development and exacerbation of asthma are mainly attributed to inflammatory reactions caused by allergens. However, less is known about the development of asthma caused by microbial disorders in the oropharynx and induced by environmental factors. Here, the metagenome of the oropharyngeal microbiome of adults with asthma was analysed to identify their association with air pollutants. Oropharyngeal swabs from patients with asthma were collected in two winters (W1 and W2) with different environmental factor exposures. The bacterial composition and community structure of the oropharynx were analysed through high-throughput sequencing. After analysis, the α-diversity and ß-diversity exhibited significant differences between the two groups. LEfSe analysis detected 8 significantly different phyla and 11 significantly different genera between the W1 and W2 groups. Multiple linear regression analyses found that the asthma status might contribute to the alteration of microbial composition. Redundancy analysis showed that NO2 was the only environmental factor that significantly affected the microbial community structure of the oropharynx. The different genera associated with NO2 were Rothia, Actinomyces, Fusobacterium and Leptotrichia. The altered taxa related to PM2.5 were Cupriavidus and Acinetobacter. Actinobacillus and Prevotella showed a highly positive correlation with O3. Moreover, network analysis was carried out to explore the co-occurrence relationships of the main genera, and PICRUSt was conducted to predict bacterial functions. This study showed that environmental factors might cause alteration in the oropharyngeal flora, which might be a potential risk factor of asthma.

9.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-11, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866029

RESUMO

The nasopharynx is a key niche of the upper respiratory tract which contains many commensal bacteria and potential pathogens. Dysbiosis of the nasopharyngeal (NP) microbiota is associated with a variety of respiratory diseases. Little is known about NP flora in healthy youth, nor about its relationship with environmental factors. We characterized NP microbiota using the 16S rRNA gene sequencing method, and compared microbial composition from subjects sampled in Spring and Fall when exposed to different environmental factors. Results showed that beta diversity was significantly different. Phyla Acidobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, and genus Symbiobacterium were positively associated with PM2.5. Genera Streptococcus, Prevotella, and [Prevotella] were positively correlated with temperature (T). Ozone (O3) was associated with these floras for exposure that occurred 30 days prior to collection. These preliminary data suggest that the change in environmental factors between spring and fall can influence the composition of the NP microbiota, characterized by a significant correlation to specific taxa. These changes in NP microbiota might be a potential risk factor for respiratory disease.

10.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-10, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478566

RESUMO

To explore the impact of air pollutants exposure during pregnancy on infant DNA methylation, we identified correlated methylated genes in maternal and cord blood samples using the Illumina Human Methylation 27 k BeadChip. Quantitative methylation-specific PCR (QMS-PCR) was performed to validate the target gene methylation pattern in 568 participants. Then the association between air pollutants exposure and DNA methylation level in the target gene was investigated. The GPR61 gene with a higher methylation level both in mothers and newborns was identified as the target gene, and we found a positive mother-infant DNA methylation correlation in the promoter region of GPR61. Air pollutants exposure during entire pregnancy was associated with maternal and infant GPR61 DNA methylation. After adjusting confounding variables, maternal air pollutants exposure was still associated with infant GPR61 DNA methylation. In summary, GPR61 methylation in cord blood may be a potential target of prenatal exposure to air pollutants.

11.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-10, 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281876

RESUMO

To assess the association between fluoride exposure and children's behavioural outcomes, we recruited 325 resident school-age children (7-13 years old) lived in Tongxu County of Henan Province in China. We measured urinary fluoride (UF) concentrations using the ion-selective electrode method. Children's behavioural outcomes were assessed by Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised, including conduct problems, learning problems, psychosomatic problems, impulsive-hyperactive, anxiety, and ADHD index. It turned out that each 1.0 mg/L increment in UF concentration corresponded with an elevation in the psychosomatic problem score of 4.01 (95% CI: 2.74, 5.28) and a 97% (OR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.19, 3.27) increase in the prevalence of psychosomatic problems after adjusting for potential influencing factors. The sensitivity analysis results were consistent with those observed in our preliminary analysis. Our study suggests that fluoride exposure is positively related to the behavioural problem in school-age children, psychosomatic problem in particular.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 197: 110643, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315786

RESUMO

Meteorological conditions during pregnancy can affect birth outcome, which has been linked to the H19/H19-differentially methylated region (DMR). However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. This was investigated in the present study to provide epidemiological evidence for elucidating the pathogenesis of adverse birth outcomes. A total of 550 mother-newborn pairs were recruited in Zhengzhou, China from January 2010 to January 2012. Meteorological data including temperature (T), relative humidity (RH), and sunshine duration (SSD) were obtained from the China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System. Bisulfite sequencing PCR was performed to determine the methylation levels of H19/H19-DMR using genomic DNA extracted from maternal peripheral and umbilical cord blood. The results showed that H19-DMR methylation status in cord blood was positively associated with that in maternal blood. Neonatal H19-DMR methylation was negatively associated with T and RH during the first trimester and positively associated with these variables during the third trimester. There was a positive correlation between neonatal H19-DMR methylation and SSD during the second trimester and a negative correlation during the third trimester. Similar associations were observed between maternal H19-DMR methylation and prenatal meteorological conditions. We also observed significant interaction effects of maternal H19/H19-DMR methylation and most prenatal meteorological factors on neonatal methylation, and found that changes in the methylation status of maternal H19-DMR were responsible for the effects of prenatal meteorological conditions on neonatal methylation. In summary, neonatal H19-DMR methylation was significantly associated with prenatal meteorological conditions, which was modified and mediated by maternal H19-DMR methylation changes. These findings provide insights into the relationship between meteorological factors during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes or disease susceptibility in offspring, and can serve as a reference for environmental policy-making.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Sangue Fetal/química , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Conceitos Meteorológicos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , China , DNA/sangue , Feminino , Impressão Genômica , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Adulto Jovem
13.
Chemosphere ; 253: 126616, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283421

RESUMO

Excessive exposure to fluoride has been reported to affect bone mineral density (BMD). CALCA expression plays a critical part in bone formation. However, the role of CALCA in the association between fluoride and BMD is not known. We conducted a cross-sectional study and recruited 722 women in rural areas of Henan Province, China, to assess the relationship between fluoride exposure, CALCA methylation, and BMD. Urinary levels of fluoride, CALCA methylation, and BMD were measured by a fluoride ion-selective electrode, standalone ultrasound bone densitometer, and quantitative methylation-specific polymerases chain reaction, respectively. The association among fluoride exposure, CALCA methylation, and BMD was age-specific. Specifically, BMD was negatively correlated with methylation (ß: -0.008; 95% CI: -0.016, 0.000) and fluoride exposure (ß: -0.063; 95% CI: -0.129, -0.002) in women over 45 years and 50-54 years of age, respectively, whereas methylation was positively correlated with fluoride exposure (ß: 4.953; 95% CI: 1.162, 8.743) in women aged 40-44 years. Besides, increased BMD in women aged 45-49 years induced by the interactive effect of the highest methylation of CALCA exon 1 (tertile 3) and fluoride exposure was observed (P for interaction < 0.05). Our findings suggest an age-specific association between exposure to excessive fluoride, CALCA methylation, and BMD in a rural population of women in China. Notably, the susceptibility of BMD to fluoride exposure may be modified by CALCA methylation.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fluoretos/análise , Humanos , Metilação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural
14.
Environ Toxicol ; 35(8): 831-839, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167222

RESUMO

Glyburide is a classic antidiabetic drug that is dominant in inflammation regulation, but its specific role in ozone-induced lung inflammation and injury remains unclear. In order to investigate whether glyburide prevents ozone-induced pulmonary inflammation and its mechanism, C57BL/6 mice were intratracheally pre-instilled with glyburide or the vehicle 1 hour before ozone (1 ppm, 3 hours) or filtered air exposure. After 24 hours, the total inflammatory cells and total protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected. The pathological alternations in lung tissues were evaluated by HE staining. The expression of NLRP3, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and IL-18 protein in lung tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blotting was used to examine the levels of caspase-1 p10 and active IL-1ß protein. Levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 in BALF were measured using ELISA kits. Glyburide treatment decreased the total cells in BALF, the inflammatory score, and the mean linear intercept induced by ozone in lung tissues. In addition, glyburide inhibited the expression of NLRP3, IL-18, and IL-1ß protein in lung tissues, and also suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome activation, including caspase-1 p10, active IL-1ß protein in lung tissues, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in BALF. These results demonstrate that glyburide effectively attenuates ozone-induced pulmonary inflammation and injury via blocking the NLRP3 inflammasome.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Glibureto/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Ozônio/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Glibureto/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/farmacologia , Interleucina-1beta , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/metabolismo
15.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 76: 103350, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058320

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is recognized as a potent inducer of synaptic toxicity generally associated with reduced synaptic transmission and increased neuronal fiber excitability, becoming an environmental risk for neurodegenerative processes. Despite numerous toxicological studies on Pb have been directed to the developing brain, attention concerning long-term consequences of pubertal chronic Pb exposure on neuronal activity is still lacking. Thus, we exposed 4-week-old male mice to 0.2 % lead acetate solution for one month, then, conducted behavioral tests or extracted brain homogenate from mice prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus at the age of 4, 13 and 16-month-old respectively. Our results showed that treated mice exhibited an evident increase in latency to reach platform following pubertal Pb exposure and aging. The increase of 8-OHdG revealed evident neural DNA oxidative damage across time upon pubertal Pb exposure. In the hippocampus of lead exposed mice at three age nodes, the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor precursor (proBDNF) increased, while that of mature BDNF (mBDNF), cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) and phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) decreased compared with the control group. Furthermore, the expression of BACE1 protein and tau phosphorylation level in PFC and hippocampus increased, APP mRNAs in PFC and prolonged induction of BACE1 in hippocampus. Our results show that chronic Pb exposure from pubertal stage onward can either initiate divergent synaptic-related gene expression patterns in adulthood or trigger time-course of neurodegenerative profile within the PFC or hippocampus, which can contribute consistent deficits of cognition across subsequent age-nodes.

16.
J Hum Genet ; 65(3): 281-285, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813936

RESUMO

Association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic polymorphism and obesity was observed in several case-control studies. This study hypothesized that these associations could be verified in family-based study. We aimed at investigating the associations between VDR SNPs and obesity (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2) by case-control study with 688 subjects and family-based study with 419 pedigrees. The results of case-control study suggested that rs3847987 (AC vs CC, Adjusted OR: 1.938, 95% CI: 1.359-2.763, P = 0.000405) was associated with obesity. Allele C of rs3847987 was risk factors for obesity (P = 0.006). Furthermore, association of rs3847987 with BMI was verified in family-based study (Z = 2.077, P = 0.037811). In addition, sibling with AC genotype of rs3847987 had significant higher BMI than CC genotype in the same family (P = 0.03). Therefore, it could be concluded that VDR genetic polymorphism (rs3847987) may be associated with obesity.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Obesidade/genética , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
17.
Int J Environ Health Res ; 30(2): 174-186, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810352

RESUMO

To assess heavy metal pollution and human health risk, a total of 28 topsoil samples were collected during four seasons from seven agricultural soil sites near a famous smelter in Jiyuan, China. The maximum concentrations of Cd, Pb, Hg, As, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Cr were 26.00, 2601.00, 3.29, 65.00, 410.00, 156.30, 54.80, and 73.60 mg kg-1, respectively. Compared with the sampling site nearest to the smelter, the concentrations of six metals at the farthest site were decreased significantly (P < 0.05). All sites were heavily contaminated, with Nemerow index (P) >3.0, and all sites had very high ecological risks related to Cd and Hg. The non-carcinogenic risk for children (based on combined exposure to the eight metals) was above the safety level. The carcinogenic risk of As for adults (8.98 × 10-6) and children (1.49 × 10-5) exceeded the acceptable level (1 × 10-6). Results suggest a serious health risk in the polluted areas, particularly for children.Abbreviation Cd: Cadmium; Pb: Lead; Hg: Mercury; As: Arsenic; Zn: Zinc; Cu: Copper; Ni: Nickel; Cr: Chromium; P: Nemerow index; RI: Potential ecological risk index; Ei: Monomial potential ecological risk of a specific heavy metal; HI: non-carcinogenic hazard index; CR: Carcinogenic risk; TN: Total nitrogen; TP: Total phosphorus; OM: Organic matter; MC: Moisture content; ADD: Average daily dose.


Assuntos
Arsênio/análise , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solo/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Agricultura , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Cidades , Humanos , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Metalurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 74(7): 1091-1099, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The present cross-sectional study evaluated the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) variants with serum 25(OH)D3 levels and their interaction on essential hypertension (EH) risk. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1539 patients were eligible in the study population. Two loci in VDR gene (rs2239179, rs2189480) were genotyped by TaqMan probe assays. Logistic regression, Kruskal-Wallis rank test and Chi-square test were used to determine the association among VDR polymorphisms, serum vitamin D metabolites, and the risk of EH. Interaction plots were performed to explain the interaction effects of circulating 25(OH)D3 levels and VDR variants on EH susceptibility. RESULTS: After potential confounding adjustment, we observed that the mutations of VDR (rs2239179/rs2189480) were associated with the increased risk of EH (P < 0.05). Moreover, plasma 25(OH)D3 levels were inversely associated with EH, However, we did not find the association between serum 25(OH)D3 and VDR variants. When comparing with wild-type homozygous and heterozygous genotype carriers with vitamin D sufficiency, hypovitaminosis D and insufficient participants carrying homozygous variant genotype of rs2239179 showed a higher risk of EH, increased by 113% (OR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.20, 3.80); Notably, the detrimental effect of rs2239179 homozygous variant on EH became stronger in the case of serum 25(OH)D3 <30 ng/ml. However, we did not find the interaction effect between rs2189480 variants and serum 25(OH)D3 levels on the risk of EH. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that the mutations of VDR may accelerate the progression of EH etiology, especially when suffering hypovitaminnosis D and insufficiency.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 181: 428-434, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220783

RESUMO

The evidence is increasing that prenatal air pollutant exposure contributes to elevated oxidative stress in children, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. A pilot study was conducted in China to explore the associations between prenatal ambient air pollution exposure and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) promoter methylation in maternal and cord blood. After detection and analyses, SOD2 promoter methylation levels in umbilical cord blood were elevated as maternal SOD2 promoter methylation levels increased. In addition, the SOD2 promoter methylation levels in umbilical cord blood were positively associated with the particulate matter 10 (PM10) exposure concentrations during the entire pregnancy and the second trimester. In maternal peripheral blood, the SOD2 promoter methylation levels were positively associated with the exposure concentrations of PM10 (during the entire pregnancy and the second trimester) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) (during the first trimester of pregnancy), whereas the levels were negatively associated with the exposure concentrations of NO2 during the third trimester of pregnancy. Additionally, interaction analyses revealed that the maternal SOD2 promoter methylation level and sulfur dioxide (SO2) exposure (during the entire pregnancy and the third trimester), as well as NO2 exposure (during the third trimester of pregnancy), had an interaction effect on the SOD2 promoter methylation level in umbilical cord blood. Furthermore, mediation analysis revealed that the associations between SOD2 promoter methylation in umbilical cord blood and PM10 exposure during the entire pregnancy and the second trimester were partly mediated by maternal SOD2 promoter methylation. In conclusion, prenatal exposure to air pollutants was significantly associated with SOD2 promoter methylation levels in umbilical cord blood, and this association may be affected by SOD2 promoter methylation levels in maternal peripheral blood. These associations may be one of the mechanisms by which prenatal air pollutant exposure leads to oxidative stress in newborns.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/análise , Metilação de DNA , Sangue Fetal/química , Exposição Materna , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Poluentes Atmosféricos/sangue , China , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Risco , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue
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