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Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 254, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692805


Introduction: Postoperative complications are common; some are transient, others may be serious, but they are all important to patients. One of the most important gaps in surgical research is the lack of consensus over the preferred result, the type of measurement or of evaluation. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of postoperative complications at the Surgery Department of the National Hospital Center of Nouakchott. Eight hundred thirty-four patients underwent surgery over a seven-month period (1 January 2017-31 July 2017). The demographic and clinical parameters were studied and analyzed statistically using SPSS software 20. Results: The study involved 834 patients, of whom 426 (51.1%) were men. The average age of patients was 34.81 years (1-90 years). Four hundred thirty-two (51.2%) patients underwent emergency surgery. The sex ratio (M/F) was 1.04. Arab-Berbers race accounted for 77.8%. Appendicular disease accounted for 41.12%, hepatobiliary disease accounted for 17.76%, and abdominal wall disease accounted for 16.1%). Thyroid disease accounted for 5.6%. One hundred eighty-three (21.94%) patients developed postoperative complications, including 4 (2.1%) deaths. Clavien-Dindo grade II was the most represented with 82.5% of complications and accounted for 17.91% of all operated patients. Surgical site infection accounted for 62.8% of all complications. Conclusion: This study shows that the Clavien-Dindo classification can be applied to patients who have undergone elective surgery and emergency surgery. We think that the lack of follow-up and the lack of means to fight the infection and the non-rigorous respect of asepsis and antisepsis procedures would play an important role.

Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Emergências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
Pan Afr Med J ; 31: 237, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447994


Biloma is used to describe abnormal accumulation of bile outside biliary tract. It is a very rare condition with extrahepatic diffused or encapsulated collection of bile, mostly post-operative or post traumatic. A 72-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with acute abdominal pain located in right upper quadrant. Clinical examination suspected abdominal collection. Imagery (ultrasound and computed tomography scan) demonstrated a large well-defined intra-abdominal collection. Percutaneous ultrasound guided drainage of abdominal collection revealed a bile fluid. Drain was removed a week later and complete resolution of symptoms was obtained in two weeks. Even in the absence of specific diagnostic indications, radiological images may play a key role in the evaluation of suspected biloma in patients with appropriate medical history and clinical characteristics.

Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Bile/diagnóstico por imagem , Drenagem/métodos , Dor Aguda/etiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Mauritânia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos