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1.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595648

RESUMO

We report 281 individuals carrying a pathogenic recurrent NF1 missense variant at p.Met1149, p.Arg1276, or p.Lys1423, representing three nontruncating NF1 hotspots in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) cohort, together identified in 1.8% of unrelated NF1 individuals. About 25% (95% confidence interval: 20.5-31.2%) of individuals heterozygous for a pathogenic NF1 p.Met1149, p.Arg1276, or p.Lys1423 missense variant had a Noonan-like phenotype, which is significantly more compared with the "classic" NF1-affected cohorts (all p < .0001). Furthermore, p.Arg1276 and p.Lys1423 pathogenic missense variants were associated with a high prevalence of cardiovascular abnormalities, including pulmonic stenosis (all p < .0001), while p.Arg1276 variants had a high prevalence of symptomatic spinal neurofibromas (p < .0001) compared with "classic" NF1-affected cohorts. However, p.Met1149-positive individuals had a mild phenotype, characterized mainly by pigmentary manifestations without externally visible plexiform neurofibromas, symptomatic spinal neurofibromas or symptomatic optic pathway gliomas. As up to 0.4% of unrelated individuals in the UAB cohort carries a p.Met1149 missense variant, this finding will contribute to more accurate stratification of a significant number of NF1 individuals. Although clinically relevant genotype-phenotype correlations are rare in NF1, each affecting only a small percentage of individuals, together they impact counseling and management of a significant number of the NF1 population.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662300

RESUMO

Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type I (TRPSI) is a rare disorder that causes distinctive ectodermal, facial, and skeletal features affecting the hair (tricho-), nose (rhino-), fingers and toes (phalangeal), and is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. TRPSI is caused by loss of function variants in TRPS1, involved in the regulation of chondrocyte and perichondrium development. Pathogenic variants in TRPS1 include missense mutations and deletions with variable breakpoints, with only a single instance of an intragenic duplication reported to date. Here we report an affected individual presenting with a classic TRPSI phenotype who is heterozygous for a de novo intragenic ~36.3Kbp duplication affecting exons 2-4 of TRPS1 Molecular analysis revealed the duplication to be in direct tandem orientation affecting the splicing of TRPS1 The aberrant transcripts are predicted to produce a truncated TRPS1 missing the nuclear localization signal and the GATA and IKAROS-like zinc-finger domains resulting in functional TRPS1 haploinsufficiency. Our study identifies a novel intragenic tandem duplication of TRPS1 and highlights the importance of molecular characterization of intragenic duplications.

3.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 94(9): 1834-1839, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235278

RESUMO

Recent measles epidemics in US and European cities where vaccination coverage has declined are providing a harsh reminder for the need to maintain protective levels of immunity across the entire population. Vaccine uptake rates have been declining in large part because of public misinformation regarding a possible association between measles vaccination and autism for which there is no scientific basis. The purpose of this article is to address a new misinformed antivaccination argument-that measles immunity is undesirable because measles virus is protective against cancer. Having worked for many years to develop engineered measles viruses as anticancer therapies, we have concluded (1) that measles is not protective against cancer and (2) that its potential utility as a cancer therapy will be enhanced, not diminished, by prior vaccination.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(11): e011501, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131660

RESUMO

Background Turner syndrome ( TS ) is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in women and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We describe long-term outcomes in a large cohort of patients with TS . Methods and Results Retrospective review of patients with TS followed at Mayo Clinic Rochester from 1950 to 2017 was performed. Clinical, imaging, surgical, and genetic data were analyzed. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method using age- and sex-matched Olmsted County residents as the reference group. The study cohort comprised 317 patients with TS . Average age at diagnosis was 9 (range, 2-12) years, genetic testing was performed in 202 (64%), and pure monosomy X was present in 75 (37%). Congenital heart disease occurred in 131 (41%), with the most frequent lesions being bicuspid aortic valve (n=102, 32%) and coarctation of the aorta (n=43, 14%). Ascending aortic dilation was common, with mean aortic root size index 2 cm/m2, and aortic dissection occurred in 6 (2%) patients. The average follow-up was 11 (range, 2-26) years, yielding 3898 patient-years, and during this period 46 (14%) patients died; mean age at the time of death was 53±17 years. Patients with TS had reduced survival compared with the control group (82% versus 94% at 30 years; P<0.001), and the leading causes of death were cardiovascular disease, liver disease, and malignancy. Conclusions Patients with TS have reduced survival compared with age-matched controls, and cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death. Further studies are required to determine if targeted cardiovascular risk factor modification will result in improved survival in this population.

5.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(9): 1379-1388, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053785

RESUMO

Microphthalmia with brain and digital anomalies (MCOPS6, MIM# 607932) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by loss-of-function variants or large deletions involving BMP4, which encodes bone morphogenetic protein 4, a member of the TGF-ß protein superfamily. BMP4 has a number of roles in embryonic development including neurogenesis, lens induction, development of cartilage and bone, urogenital development, limb and digit patterning, hair follicle regeneration, as well as tooth formation. In addition to syndromic microphthalmia, BMP4 variants have been implicated in non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate and congenital healed cleft lip indicating different allelic presentations. MCOPS6 subjects may also lack some of the major phenotypic hallmarks of the disorder, including microphthalmia, indicating variable expressivity. As only a handful of individuals with MCOPS6 have been described, we review the clinical findings in previously reported cases with either deletions or loss-of-function variants in BMP4. We describe three new cases, including two subjects with novel deletions and one subject with a likely pathogenic de novo nonsense variant [c.1052C>G, p.(S351*)] in BMP4. One of the subjects had dual molecular diagnoses including a co-occurring microdeletion at 17q21.31 associated with Koolen de Vries syndrome, which has a partially overlapping disease phenotype. None of these individuals had clinically apparent microphthalmia or anopthalmia, which have been reported in a majority of previously described cases. One subject had exophthalmia and strabismus, while another had bilateral Peters anomaly and sclerocornea, thus expanding the phenotype associated with BMP4 loss-of-function variants.

6.
Neurologist ; 24(3): 90-92, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045719

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a multisystemic mitochondrial disorder that usually presents in childhood. Patients can have a wide array of neurological symptoms when presenting with stroke-like episodes, and imaging characteristics during the episodes can overlap with different neurological disorders. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman presented with communication difficulties consistent with auditory agnosia and was found to have bitemporal abnormalities on imaging that first raised the concern for herpes simplex virus encephalitis. Further work-up, in conjunction with the patient's past medical and family history, suggested a mitochondrial disorder. Mitochondrial full genome analysis revealed m.3243A>G variant in the MT-TL1 gene, with 6% heteroplasmy in blood leading to a diagnosis of MELAS. CONCLUSIONS: MELAS is a disorder with clinical variability. Neuroimaging studies during stroke-like episodes in MELAS can provide significant clues to the underlying disorder. Although patients typically present in childhood, the first stroke-like episode can occur later in life in some patients, potentially related to a lower heteroplasmy level.


Assuntos
Agnosia/diagnóstico por imagem , Agnosia/genética , Síndrome MELAS/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome MELAS/genética , Agnosia/complicações , Feminino , Genoma Mitocondrial , Humanos , Síndrome MELAS/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA de Transferência de Leucina/genética
7.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(8): 1225-1234, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30976111

RESUMO

The DOCK3 gene encodes the Dedicator of cytokinesis 3 (DOCK3) protein, which belongs to the family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors and is expressed almost exclusively in the brain and spinal cord. We used whole exome sequencing (WES) to investigate the molecular cause of developmental delay and hypotonia in three unrelated probands. WES identified truncating and splice site variants in Patient 1 and compound heterozygous and homozygous missense variants in Patients 2 and 3, respectively. We studied the effect of the three missense variants in vitro by using site-directed mutagenesis and pull-down assay and show that the induction of Rac1 activation was significantly lower in DOCK3 mutant cells compared with wild type human DOCK3 (P < 0.05). We generated a protein model to further examine the effect of the two missense variants within or adjacent to the DHR-2 domain in DOCK3 and this model supports pathogenicity. Our results support a loss of function mechanism but the data on the patients with missense variants should be cautiously interpreted because of the variability of the phenotypes and limited number of cases. Prior studies have described DOCK3 bi-allelic loss of function variants in two families with ataxia, hypotonia, and developmental delay. Here, we report on three patients with DOCK3-related developmental delay, wide-based or uncoordinated gait, and hypotonia, further supporting DOCK3's role in a neurodevelopmental syndrome and expanding the spectrum of phenotypic and genotypic variability.

9.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(3): e00560, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We describe a patient presenting with pachygyria, epilepsy, developmental delay, short stature, failure to thrive, facial dysmorphisms, and multiple osteochondromas. METHODS: The patient underwent extensive genetic testing and analysis in an attempt to diagnose the cause of his condition. Clinical testing included metaphase karyotyping, array comparative genomic hybridization, direct sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and trio-based exome sequencing. Subsequently, research-based whole transcriptome sequencing was conducted to determine whether it might shed light on the undiagnosed phenotype. RESULTS: Clinical exome sequencing of patient and parent samples revealed a maternally inherited splice-site variant in the doublecortin (DCX) gene that was classified as likely pathogenic and diagnostic of the patient's neurological phenotype. Clinical array comparative genome hybridization analysis revealed a 16p13.3 deletion that could not be linked to the patient phenotype based on affected genes. Further clinical testing to determine the cause of the patient's multiple osteochondromas was unrevealing despite extensive profiling of the most likely causative genes, EXT1 and EXT2, including mutation screening by direct sequence analysis and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Whole transcriptome sequencing identified a SAMD12-EXT1 fusion transcript that could have resulted from a chromosomal deletion, leading to the loss of EXT1 function. Re-review of the clinical array comparative genomic hybridization results indicated a possible unreported mosaic deletion affecting the SAMD12 and EXT1 genes that corresponded precisely to the introns predicted to be affected by a fusion-causing deletion. The existence of the mosaic deletion was subsequently confirmed clinically by an increased density copy number array and orthogonal methodologies CONCLUSIONS: While mosaic mutations and deletions of EXT1 and EXT2 have been reported in the context of multiple osteochondromas, to our knowledge, this is the first time that transcriptomics technologies have been used to diagnose a patient via fusion transcript analysis in the congenital disease setting.


Assuntos
Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/genética , Fusão Gênica , N-Acetilglucosaminiltransferases/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Criança , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/patologia , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Motivo Estéril alfa/genética
10.
Genet Med ; 2018 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30245513

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pathogenic variants in KAT6A have recently been identified as a cause of syndromic developmental delay. Within 2 years, the number of patients identified with pathogenic KAT6A variants has rapidly expanded and the full extent and variability of the clinical phenotype has not been reported. METHODS: We obtained data for patients with KAT6A pathogenic variants through three sources: treating clinicians, an online family survey distributed through social media, and a literature review. RESULTS: We identified 52 unreported cases, bringing the total number of published cases to 76. Our results expand the genotypic spectrum of pathogenic variants to include missense and splicing mutations. We functionally validated a pathogenic splice-site variant and identified a likely hotspot location for de novo missense variants. The majority of clinical features in KAT6A syndrome have highly variable penetrance. For core features such as intellectual disability, speech delay, microcephaly, cardiac anomalies, and gastrointestinal complications, genotype- phenotype correlations show that late-truncating pathogenic variants (exons 16-17) are significantly more prevalent. We highlight novel associations, including an increased risk of gastrointestinal obstruction. CONCLUSION: Our data expand the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum for individuals with genetic pathogenic variants in KAT6A and we outline appropriate clinical management.

11.
J Child Neurol ; 33(10): 651-658, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29877124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dynamin 1-like gene ( DNM1L) encodes a GTPase that mediates mitochondrial and peroxisomal fission and fusion. We report a new clinical presentation associated with a DNM1L pathogenic variant and review the literature. RESULTS: A 13-year-old boy with mild developmental delays and paroxysmal dystonia presented acutely with multifocal myoclonic super-refractory status epilepticus. Despite sustained and aggressive treatment, seizures persisted and care was ultimately withdrawn in the context of extensive global cortical atrophy. Rapid trio-whole exome sequencing revealed a de novo heterozygous c.1207C>T (p.R403C) pathogenic variant in DNM1L. Immunofluorescence staining of fibroblast mitochondria revealed abnormally elongated and tubular morphology. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the diagnostic importance of rapid whole exome sequencing within a critical care setting and reveals the expanding phenotypic spectrum associated with DNM1L variants. This now includes progressive paroxysmal dystonia and adolescent-onset super-refractory myoclonic status epilepticus contributing to strikingly rapid and progressive cortical atrophy and death.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802153

RESUMO

Overgrowth syndromes are a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by localized or generalized tissue overgrowth and varying degrees of developmental and intellectual disability. An expanding list of genes associated with overgrowth syndromes include the histone methyltransferase genes EZH2 and NSD1, which cause Weaver and Sotos syndrome, respectively, and the DNA methyltransferase (DNMT3A) gene that results in Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS). Here, we describe a 5-year-old female with a paternally inherited pathogenic mutation in EZH2 (c.2050C>T, p.Arg684Cys) and a maternally inherited 505-kb duplication of uncertain significance at 2p23.3 (encompassing five genes, including DNMT3A) who presented with intrauterine growth restriction, slow postnatal growth, short stature, hypotonia, developmental delay, and neuroblastoma diagnosed at the age of 8 mo. Her father had tall stature, dysmorphic facial features, and intellectual disability consistent with Weaver syndrome, whereas her mother had short stature, cognitive delays, and chronic nonprogressive leukocytosis. It has been previously shown that EZH2 directly controls DNA methylation through physical association with DNMTs, including DNMT3A, with concomitant H3K27 methylation and CpG promoter methylation leading to repression of EZH2 target genes. Interestingly, NSD1 is involved in H3K36 methylation, a mark associated with transcriptional activation, and exhibits exquisite dosage sensitivity leading to overgrowth when deleted and severe undergrowth when duplicated in vivo. Although there is currently no evidence of dosage effects for DNMT3A, the co-occurrence of a duplication involving this gene and a pathogenic alteration in EZH2 in a patient with severe undergrowth is suggestive of a similar paradigm and further study is warranted.

14.
Ann Hepatol ; 16(6): 970-978, 2017 November-December,.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29055934

RESUMO

Sitosterolemia is an autosomal recessive metabolic disease caused by mutations in ABCG5 or ABCG8 genes which encode for the (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporters that are responsible for the trafficking of xenosterols. Liver involvement is not a recognized manifestation of this disease, and cirrhosis has been reported only once in the medical literature. We describe a fatal case of a 21-year old South Asian male who presented with decompensated cirrhosis, and biochemical abnormalities consistent with sitosterolemia. Genetic testing showed a homozygous pathogenic mutation in ABCG5, confirming the diagnosis. Sitosterolemia is a rare, but likely under-recognized condition, and a high degree of suspicion is imperative to make the diagnosis. We propose that sitosterolemia should be included in the differential diagnosis for patients with cryptogenic cirrhosis, especially as there are effective oral therapies to treat this condition. Newly diagnosed sitosterolemia patients should undergo a thorough hepatology evaluation and follow-up to evaluate for the presence, development, and progression of any hepatic involvement.


Assuntos
Hipercolesterolemia/complicações , Enteropatias/complicações , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Fitosteróis/efeitos adversos , Membro 5 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Anemia Hemolítica/etiologia , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras , Ezetimiba/uso terapêutico , Evolução Fatal , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hereditariedade , Homozigoto , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/diagnóstico , Hipercolesterolemia/genética , Hipercolesterolemia/terapia , Enteropatias/diagnóstico , Enteropatias/genética , Enteropatias/terapia , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/diagnóstico , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/genética , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/terapia , Lipoproteínas/genética , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Fitosteróis/genética , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Xantomatose/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28963436

RESUMO

Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf optic atrophy syndrome (BBSOAS) is a recently described autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the NR2F1 gene. There are presently 28 cases of BBSOAS described in the literature. Its common features include developmental delay, intellectual disability, hypotonia, optic nerve atrophy, attention deficit disorder, autism spectrum disorder, seizures, hearing defects, spasticity, and thinning of the corpus callosum. Here we report two unrelated probands with novel, de novo, missense variants in NR2F1 The first is a 14-yr-old male patient with hypotonia, intellectual disability, optic nerve hypoplasia, delayed bone age, short stature, and altered neurotransmitter levels on cerebrospinal fluid testing. The second is a 5-yr-old female with severe developmental delay, motor and speech delay, and repetitive motion behavior. Whole-exome sequencing identified a novel missense NR2F1 variant in each case, Cys86Phe in the DNA-binding domain in Case 1, and a Leu372Pro in the ligand-binding domain in Case 2. The presence of clinical findings compatible with BBSOAS along with structural analysis at atomic resolution using homology-based molecular modeling and molecular dynamic simulations, support the pathogenicity of these variants for BBSOAS. Short stature, abnormal CNS neurotransmitters, and macrocephaly have not been previously reported for this syndrome and may represent a phenotypic expansion of BBSOAS. A review of published cases along with new evidence from this report support genotype-phenotype correlations for this disorder.


Assuntos
Fator I de Transcrição COUP/genética , Fator I de Transcrição COUP/metabolismo , Atrofias Ópticas Hereditárias/genética , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/genética , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Hipotonia Muscular/genética , Mutação/genética , Atrofias Ópticas Hereditárias/metabolismo , Atrofia Óptica/genética , Convulsões/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
16.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 13: 46-51, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28831385

RESUMO

Lysosomal diseases (LD) comprise a group of approximately 60 hereditary conditions caused by progressive accumulation of metabolites due to defects in lysosomal enzymes and degradation pathways, which lead to a wide range of clinical manifestations. The estimated combined incidence of LD is between 1 in 4000 to 1 in 13,000 live births, with recent data from pilot newborn screening studies showing even higher incidence. We aimed to determine the prevalence of the classical LD and other diseases caused by lysosome-related genes in our cohort of diagnostic odyssey patients. The Individualized Medicine Clinic at Mayo Clinic is increasingly utilizing whole exome sequencing (WES) to determine the genetic etiology of undiagnosed Mendelian disease. From September 2012 to April 2017, WES results from 350 patients with unexplained symptoms were reviewed. Disease-causing variants were identified in MYO6, CLN6, LRBA, KCTD7, and ARSB revealing a genetic diagnosis of a LD in 8 individuals from 5 families. Based on our findings, lysosome-related disorders may be collectively common, reaching up to 1.5% prevalence in a cohort of patients with undiagnosed diseases presenting to a genetics clinic.

17.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 5(3): 269-279, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28546997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We characterized the pharmacogenomics (PGx) results received by diagnostic odyssey patients as secondary findings during clinical whole exome sequencing (WES) testing as a part of their care in Mayo Clinic's Individualized Medicine Clinic to determine the potential benefits and limitations to this cohort. METHODS: WES results on 94 patients included a subset of PGx variants in CYP2C19,CYP2C9, and VKORC1 if identified in the patient. Demographic, phenotypic, and medication usage information was abstracted from patient medical data. A pharmacist interpreted the PGx results in the context of the patients' current medication use and made therapeutic recommendations. RESULTS: The majority was young with a median age of 10 years old, had neurological involvement in the disease presentation (71%), and was currently taking medications (90%). Of the 94 PGx-evaluated patients, 91% had at least one variant allele reported and 20% had potential immediate implications on current medication use. CONCLUSION: Due to the disease complexity and medication needs of diagnostic odyssey patients, there may be immediate benefit obtained from early life PGx testing for many and most will likely find benefit in the future. These results require conscientious interpretation and management to be actionable for all prescribing physicians throughout the lifetime of the patient.

18.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 5(2): 141-146, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28361100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kleefstra Syndrome (KS) (MIM# 610253) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by haploinsufficiency of euchromatic histone methyltransferase-1 (EHMT1, GLP). EHMT1 (MIM# 607001) encodes a histone methyltransferase that heterodimerizes with EHMT2 (also known as G9a, MIM# 604599), which together are responsible for mono- and dimethylation of H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me1 and -me2), resulting in transcriptional repression of target genes. METHODS: This report describes an 18-year-old woman with intellectual disability, severely limited speech, hypotonia, microcephaly, and facial dysmorphisms, who was found to have a novel de novo single-base frameshift deletion in EHMT1. RESULTS: Functional studies using patient fibroblasts showed decreased H3K9me2 compared to wild-type control cells, thus providing a rapid confirmatory test that complements molecular studies. CONCLUSION: Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel frameshift deletion in EHMT1 after a lengthy diagnostic odyssey in this patient. Functional testing using this patient's fibroblasts provides proof-of-concept for the analysis of variants of uncertain significance that are predicted to impact EHMT1 enzymatic activity.

19.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 86(1): 141-149, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27460956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are at an increased risk of developing a pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (PHEO/PGL). However, the best case detection strategy is unknown. Our objectives were to describe the prevalence, clinical presentation and outcomes of PHEO/PGL associated with NF1 and formulate case detection testing recommendations for PHEO/PGL. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study from 1959 to 2015, Tertiary medical centre. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We studied 41 patients with NF1 and PHEO/PGL who were identified using the PHEO/PGL and NF1 databases: 3289 and 1415 patients, respectively. Our main outcome measures were prevalence of PHEO/PGL in NF1 and occurrence of bilateral, recurrent, or metastatic disease and method of PHEO/PGL detection (symptoms vs incidental vs biochemical case detection testing). RESULTS: The prevalence of PHEO/PGL in patients with NF1 was 2·9%. The 41 patients included 23 men (56%) and 18 women. The median age at diagnosis was 41·0 years (range 14-67). The median tumour size was 3·4 cm (range 0·8-9·5). Bilateral PHEO was identified in 17% (n = 7) of patients, all women. Metastatic or recurrent disease occurred in 7·3% (n = 3). In the last 25 years, PHEO/PGL was diagnosed after incidental finding on computed imaging in 31% of patients (n = 11). Only three patients (7·3%) had PHEO/PGL discovered because of biochemical case detection testing. CONCLUSION: We recommend patients with NF1 have biochemical case detection testing for PHEO/PGL every 3 years starting at age 10 to 14 years. Biochemical case detection testing should also be carried out prior to elective surgical procedures and conception.


Assuntos
Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Paraganglioma/etiologia , Feocromocitoma/etiologia , Adolescente , Adrenalectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Paraganglioma/epidemiologia , Feocromocitoma/epidemiologia , Feocromocitoma/cirurgia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 159(1): 185-190, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27900489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We noticed the coexistence of peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNST) with lipomas within a subgroup of our patients. Given the prevalence of lipomas in the general population, we sought to investigate the extent of coexistence of the two entities aiming at uncovering any plausible association between both. METHODS: A retrospective review of all peripheral nerve sheath tumors (sporadic and syndromic forms) treated by a single surgeon between January 2009 and August 2015 was done. We recorded demographics (i.e., gender, age at diagnosis, imaging information, time to diagnosis) in addition to the method of diagnosis, subtype, number and location of lipomas, if present. RESULTS: Over 6 years, 309 patients with PNST were operated/evaluated. These included 141 sporadic (schwannomas, neurofibromas) and 168 syndromic (neurofibromatosis type 1 and 2 and schwannomatosis). We found 32 patients [10.3%, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 7.43%-14.3%] with coexistent lipomas, some of whom also had a family member with lipoma (n = 3). Of these 26 had schwannomas, 3 had neurofibromas and 3 lacked definitive PNST histopathological diagnosis. Fourteen percent of patients with schwannomas and 2.9% of patients with neurofibromas had coexisting lipomas. CONCLUSION: We believe there is an increased association of peripheral nerve tumors and lipomas overall.


Assuntos
Lipoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/epidemiologia , Neurofibromatoses/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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