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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068879

RESUMO

The redox chemistry of copper(II) is strongly modulated by the coordination to amyloid-ß peptides and by the stability of the resulting complexes. Amino-terminal copper and nickel binding motifs (ATCUN) identified in truncated Aß sequences starting with Phe4 show very high affinity for copper(II) ions. Herein, we study the oxidase activity of [Cu-Aß4-x] and [Cu-Aß1-x] complexes toward dopamine and other catechols. The results show that the CuII-ATCUN site is not redox-inert; the reduction of the metal is induced by coordination of catechol to the metal and occurs through an inner sphere reaction. The generation of a ternary [CuII-Aß-catechol] species determines the efficiency of the oxidation, although the reaction rate is ruled by reoxidation of the CuI complex. In addition to the N-terminal coordination site, the two vicinal histidines, His13 and His14, provide a second Cu-binding motif. Catechol oxidation studies together with structural insight from the mixed dinuclear complexes Ni/Cu-Aß4-x reveal that the His-tandem is able to bind CuII ions independently of the ATCUN site, but the N-terminal metal complexation reduces the conformational mobility of the peptide chain, preventing the binding and oxidative reactivity toward catechol of CuII bound to the secondary site.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Dopamina/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Dopamina/química , Histidina/química , Histidina/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Oxirredução , Oxirredutases/química
2.
Inorg Chem ; 60(2): 606-613, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405903

RESUMO

Interaction of copper ions with Aß peptides alters the redox activity of the metal ion and can be associated with neurodegeneration. Many studies deal with the characterization of the copper binding mode responsible for the reactivity. Oxidation experiments of dopamine and related catechols by copper(II) complexes with the N-terminal amyloid-ß peptides Aß16 and Aß9, and the Aß16[H6A] and Aß16[H13A] mutant forms, both in their free amine and N-acetylated forms show that efficient reactivity requires the oxygenation of a CuI-bis(imidazole) complex with a bound substrate. Therefore, the active intermediate for catechol oxidation differs from the proposed "in-between state" for the catalytic oxidation of ascorbate. During the catechol oxidation process, hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion are formed but give only a minor contribution to the reaction.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Catecol Oxidase/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Imidazóis/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/síntese química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Biocatálise , Catecol Oxidase/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Imidazóis/química , Cinética , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução
3.
Molecules ; 25(21)2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143109

RESUMO

The peroxidase activity of hemin-peptide complexes remains a potential factor in oxidative damage relevant to neurodegeneration. Here, we present the effect of temperature, ionic strength, and pH relevant to pathophysiological conditions on the dynamic equilibrium between high-spin and low-spin hemin-Aß40 constructs. This influence on peroxidase activity was also demonstrated using 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and dopamine (DA) oxidation rate analyses with increasing ratios of Aß16 and Aß40 (up to 100 equivalents). Interaction and reactivity studies of aggregated Aß40-hemin revealed enhanced peroxidase activity versus hemin alone. Comparison of the results obtained using Aß16 and Aß40 amyloid beta peptides revealed marked differences and provide insight into the potential effects of hemin-Aß on neurological disease progression.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Benzotiazóis/química , Dopamina/química , Hemina/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Peroxidases/química , Ácidos Sulfônicos/química , Humanos , Oxirredução
4.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 274-286, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820933

RESUMO

Tau protein is present in significant amounts in neurons, where it contributes to the stabilization of microtubules. Insoluble neurofibrillary tangles of tau are associated with several neurological disorders known as tauopathies, among which is Alzheimer's disease. In neurons, tau binds tubulin through its microtubule binding domain which comprises four imperfect repeats (R1-R4). The histidine residues contained in these fragments are potential binding sites for metal ions and are located close to the regions that drive the formation of amyloid aggregates of tau. In this study, we present a detailed characterization through potentiometric and spectroscopic methods of the binding of copper in both oxidation states to R1 and R3 peptides, which contain one and two histidine residues, respectively. We also evaluate how the redox cycling of copper bound to tau peptides can mediate oxidation that can potentially target exogenous substrates such as neuronal catecholamines. The resulting quinone oxidation products undergo oligomerization and can competitively give post-translational peptide modifications yielding catechol adducts at amino acid residues. The presence of His-His tandem in the R3 peptide strongly influences both the binding of copper and the reactivity of the resulting copper complex. In particular, the presence of the two adjacent histidines makes the copper(I) binding to R3 much stronger than in R1. The copper-R3 complex is also much more active than the copper-R1 complex in promoting oxidative reactions, indicating that the two neighboring histidines activate copper as a catalyst in molecular oxygen activation reactions.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Proteínas tau/química , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Conformação Molecular
5.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 900-912, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869218

RESUMO

The combination between dyshomeostatic levels of catecholamine neurotransmitters and redox-active metals such as copper and iron exacerbates the oxidative stress condition that typically affects neurodegenerative diseases. We report a comparative study of the oxidative reactivity of copper complexes with amyloid-ß (Aß40) and the prion peptide fragment 76-114 (PrP76-114), containing the high-affinity binding site, toward dopamine and 4-methylcatechol, in aqueous buffer and in sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles, as a model membrane environment. The competitive oxidative and covalent modifications undergone by the peptides were also evaluated. The high binding affinity of Cu/peptide to micelles and lipid membranes leads to a strong reduction (Aß40) and quenching (PrP76-114) of the oxidative efficiency of the binary complexes and to a stabilization and redox silencing of the ternary complex CuII/Aß40/PrP76-114, which is highly reactive in solution. The results improve our understanding of the pathological and protective effects associated with these complexes, depending on the physiological environment.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Cobre/química , Dopamina/química , Príons/química , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Micelas , Conformação Molecular , Solubilidade
6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(20): 6512-6527, 2019 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536578

RESUMO

Dopamine (DA) is the most important catecholamine in the brain, as it is the most abundant and the precursor of other neurotransmitters. Degeneration of nigrostriatal neurons of substantia nigra pars compacta in Parkinson's disease represents the best-studied link between DA neurotransmission and neuropathology. Catecholamines are reactive molecules that are handled through complex control and transport systems. Under normal conditions, small amounts of cytosolic DA are converted to neuromelanin in a stepwise process involving melanization of peptides and proteins. However, excessive cytosolic or extraneuronal DA can give rise to nonselective protein modifications. These reactions involve DA oxidation to quinone species and depend on the presence of redox-active transition metal ions such as iron and copper. Other oxidized DA metabolites likely participate in post-translational protein modification. Thus, protein-quinone modification is a heterogeneous process involving multiple DA-derived residues that produce structural and conformational changes of proteins and can lead to aggregation and inactivation of the modified proteins.


Assuntos
Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Quinonas/uso terapêutico , Dopamina/farmacologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Quinonas/farmacologia
7.
Inorg Chem ; 56(18): 11317-11325, 2017 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28846410

RESUMO

Copper(II) binding to prion peptides does not prevent Cu redox cycling and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the presence of reducing agents. The toxic effects of these species are exacerbated in the presence of catecholamines, indicating that dysfunction of catecholamine vesicular sequestration or recovery after synaptic release is a dangerous amplifier of Cu induced oxidative stress. Cu bound to prion peptides including the high affinity site involving histidines adjacent to the octarepeats exhibits marked catalytic activity toward dopamine and 4-methylcatechol. The resulting quinone oxidation products undergo parallel oligomerization and endogenous peptide modification yielding catechol adducts at the histidine binding ligands. These modifications add to the more common oxidation of Met and His residues produced by ROS. Derivatization of Cu-prion peptides is much faster than that undergone by Cu-ß-amyloid and Cu-α-synuclein complexes in the same conditions.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas Priônicas/química , Catálise , Catecóis/química , Cobre/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Cinética , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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