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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985853

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Information regarding the masking ability of ceramic crowns over different implant abutment materials is scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the masking ability of different monolithic or bilayer ceramic materials with different thicknesses over substrates indicated for implant restorations by using opaque and translucent evaluation pastes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Disk-shaped specimens, shade A1 (VITA Classic; Ø10×1.5 to 2.5 mm), of different ceramics (a bilayer system [yttria-stabilized zirconia infrastructure+porcelain veneer: Zir+Pc] and monolithic systems [lithium disilicate under low, medium, or high translucency: LtLD, MtLD, or HtLD, respectively, and a high-translucent yttria-stabilized zirconia: HtZir]) were made (n=4). The color difference (ΔE00) was assessed by using the CIEDE2000 formula and considering the different ceramic systems over 5 implant abutment materials (A1 shade Zir [Zir A1]; white Zir [White Zir]; A1 low-translucency lithium disilicate [LD]; polyetheretherketone [PEEK]; and titanium [Ti]) when using 2 different evaluation pastes (translucent or opaque). The control comparison was the restorative material positioned over the Zir A1 substrate with a translucent evaluation paste. Statistical analysis was made by using a 2-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests (α=.05) for ΔE00 data considering the restorative material and luting agent factors as their association. Additionally, ΔE00 data were qualitatively analyzed considering the acceptability and perceptibility thresholds. The translucency parameter (TP00) of each restorative material was evaluated, and data were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests (α=.05). RESULTS: The most predictable masking ability was seen with Zir+Pc regardless of the evaluation paste used. Nevertheless, under 1.5-mm thickness, Zir+Pc did not adequately mask Ti (ΔE00>1.77). Most monolithic ceramics did not mask discolored substrates (PEEK or Ti, ΔE00>1.77). The exception was HtZir, which presented acceptable masking ability over PEEK at 2.5-mm thickness with both evaluation pastes (ΔE00<1.77). Regardless of the restorative material thickness, Zir+Pc showed the lowest (P<.05) TP00 values (TP00=3.45 at 1.5-mm thickness; TP00=2.00 at 2.5-mm thickness), and HtLD presented the highest (P<.05, TP00=23.50 at 1.5-mm thickness; TP00=13.36 at 2.5-mm thickness). HtZir showed similar TP00 to MtLD at 1.5-mm thickness and similar TP00 to Zir+Pc when used at 2.5-mm thickness (P>.05). CONCLUSIONS: Monolithic ceramics should be used with caution over discolored implant abutments. Bilayer systems (Zir+Pc) were the most predictable approach to adequately masking discolored substrates such as PEEK or Ti. An increased restoration thickness provided higher masking ability for all restorative materials tested.

2.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527069

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: How best to restore endodontically treated teeth is still unclear because many types of material and techniques are involved. PURPOSE: The purpose of this overview of systematic reviews of clinical studies was to assess the available evidence-based literature on the influence of associated clinical factors on the clinical performance (survival, failure rate, or success) of restored endodontically treated teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched from inception until September 27, 2021, to identify systematic reviews. Two reviewers independently screened titles, abstracts, and full-text articles, and each reviewer extracted the data of half of the included studies. A single reviewer with an independent verifier completed the quality appraisal. A descriptive analysis of the collected data was made. RESULTS: A total of 36 systematic reviews fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The factors most assessed were the type of coronal restorative technique (n=22) and type of post (n=22). The results indicated that metal and fiber posts seem to present similar clinical performance, endocrowns could be a suitable restorative option, there is no evidence to confirm whether single crowns are better or worse than direct restoration, the maintenance of the coronal structure is a fundamental factor, and the ferrule effect is still a controversial topic. Most of the studies (n=30, 81%) presented a final Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) rating of "critically low." CONCLUSIONS: The post type does not appear to influence the clinical performance of restored endodontically treated teeth. However, conclusive evidence to suggest how different materials or techniques for restoring coronal tooth structure affect the clinical performance of such restorations, as well as the impact of the ferrule effect, is still lacking.

3.
Braz Dent J ; 32(2): 64-71, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614062

RESUMO

This study evaluated the dental displacement in dentures included in different flasks and processed by the Australian cycle modified or by microwave. Metal pins were placed on the teeth as reference for measurements: a) Incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisors, buccal cusp of maxillary and mandibular vestibular first premolars, and mesiobuccal maxillary and mandibular cusps of second molars; b) Incisor to incisor, premolar to premolar and molar to molar; c) Left incisor to left molar and right incisor to right molar, and d) Vertical. Dentures were divided according to flasks (n=10): G1- Metal; G2- HH bimaxillary metal; G3-Microwaves; G4- HH bimaxillary microwaves. For G1 and G2, polymerization at 65ºC/30 min, flame quenched for 30 min, heating at 65ºC/30 min, boiling water for 1 h. For G3 and G4, microwave (20 min/140 W and 5 min/560 W). Comparator microscope with digital camera and analytical unit assessed the measurements before and after denture polymerization. The final distance was made subtracting the distance before the denture processing from the distance of the dental displacement after processing. The value of the difference was submitted to 2-way ANOVA, considering the flask type and denture type. Maxillary denture showed greater displacement when compared to mandibular denture. Flask types and interaction with denture types showed similar difference between before and after polymerization. In conclusion, displacement promoted by flask types in dentures cured by polymerization cycles promoted similar effect on the distance between teeth. Greater value for distance between teeth occurred for maxillary denture.


Assuntos
Prótese Total , Austrália , Polimerização
4.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(7): 1017-1028, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of surface treatments on optical, colorimetric, and surface characteristics of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens (n = 5, IPS e.max CAD) were randomly allocated to the following treatments: mirror-polished: SiC papers; as-cut: mimicking CAD-CAM milling; ground: 90-120 µm-grit diamond bur; ground polished: ground, finished (46-30 µm-grit diamond bur), polished (diamond cups, brush and diamond paste); ground glazed: ground, glazed; ground polished glazed: association of methods. CIELAB color coordinates were obtained by a spectrophotometer. CIEDE2000 color differences (ΔE00 ) and the translucency parameter (TP00 ) were calculated. Light transmittance was assessed with a colorimeter. Surface characteristics (topography and roughness) were analyzed. Statistical differences for each condition and outcome were detected using one-way ANOVA with Tukey's post-hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: TP00 data show statistical reduction after grinding (p < 0.05), which was only restored with polishing (solely or with glazing). ΔE00 shows that grinding results in perceptible variations in color (above 0.81), which were restored after all post-processing protocols (exception to only glaze application in contact with a black background). Light transmittance data corroborated such performance. Polishing and glazing reduced roughness and improved surface topography. CONCLUSION: Grinding statistically increased roughness, reduced translucency, light transmittance through the ceramic, and resulted on color differences. On contrary, polishing (followed or not by glazing) reduced roughness and enhanced ceramic translucency and light transmittance. Glaze also reduced roughness, but it still presented reduced translucency. The positioning (facing up or down) of the ceramic treated surface influenced the considered outcomes. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Grinding with diamond burs results in a deleterious impact to the optical, colorimetric and surface characteristics of lithium disilicate ceramic. Thus, polishing (followed or not by glazing) is recommended for optical and topographical enhancements when lithium disilicate monolithic restorations require occlusal adjustments.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Polimento Dentário , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
5.
J Prosthet Dent ; 126(1): 128.e1-128.e6, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052029

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Severely discolored substrates have been shown to limit the use of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) ceramic blocks because they provide insufficient color masking. PURPOSE: The purpose of the in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of a layer of high-value opaque composite resin over discolored substrates to determine its masking ability with CAD-CAM ceramics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six ceramic groups (n=10) were tested. A bilayer group of zirconia and porcelain served as the control. The CAD-CAM monolithic groups were translucent zirconia, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate, lithium disilicate, leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic, and feldspathic ceramic. Five substrates were used: A1 (used as reference), A3.5, C4, and coppery and silvery metals. The substrates were separated as nonlayered or layered (with flowable or restorative opaque composite resins). The tested luting agents were white, opaque, and A1. Color differences (ΔE00) were assessed with the CIEDE2000 formula. A 2-way ANOVA (α=.05) was used to detect significant differences in ΔE00 among the groups for each substrate. The results were compared with acceptability (1.77) and perceptibility (0.81) thresholds. RESULTS: The flowable composite resin layer associated with A1 luting agent ensured ΔE00 lesser the than perceptibility thresholdwith the use of CAD-CAM monolithic ceramics, with the lowest values for zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate in substrates A3.5 (0.53) and C4 (0.32) and for leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic for coppery (0.49) and silvery (0.81) substrates (P<.001). The same benefit was observed when zirconia and porcelain was tested over the silvery substrate. The absence of substrate treatment only provided ΔE00 lesser than the acceptability threshold with CAD-CAM ceramics for the A3.5 background. CONCLUSIONS: The application of a flowable opaque composite resin and the use of a shaded luting agent ensure masking with CAD-CAM monolithic ceramics.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Cor , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 64-71, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1339323

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the dental displacement in dentures included in different flasks and processed by the Australian cycle modified or by microwave. Metal pins were placed on the teeth as reference for measurements: a) Incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisors, buccal cusp of maxillary and mandibular vestibular first premolars, and mesiobuccal maxillary and mandibular cusps of second molars; b) Incisor to incisor, premolar to premolar and molar to molar; c) Left incisor to left molar and right incisor to right molar, and d) Vertical. Dentures were divided according to flasks (n=10): G1- Metal; G2- HH bimaxillary metal; G3-Microwaves; G4- HH bimaxillary microwaves. For G1 and G2, polymerization at 65ºC/30 min, flame quenched for 30 min, heating at 65ºC/30 min, boiling water for 1 h. For G3 and G4, microwave (20 min/140 W and 5 min/560 W). Comparator microscope with digital camera and analytical unit assessed the measurements before and after denture polymerization. The final distance was made subtracting the distance before the denture processing from the distance of the dental displacement after processing. The value of the difference was submitted to 2-way ANOVA, considering the flask type and denture type. Maxillary denture showed greater displacement when compared to mandibular denture. Flask types and interaction with denture types showed similar difference between before and after polymerization. In conclusion, displacement promoted by flask types in dentures cured by polymerization cycles promoted similar effect on the distance between teeth. Greater value for distance between teeth occurred for maxillary denture.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o deslocamento dental em próteses totais incluídas em diferentes tipos de muflas e polimerizadas pelo ciclo australiano ou por micro ondas. Pinos metálicos foram colocados nos dentes como pontos de referência para as medidas: a) Borda incisal dos incisivos centrais maxilares e mandibulares, cúspide vestibular dos primeiros pré molares maxilares e mandibulares e cúspides mésiovestibulares dos segundos molares maxilares e mandibulares; b) Distâncias látero-laterais incisivo a incisivo, pré-molar a pré-molar e molar a molar; c) Distâncias horizontais anteroposterior incisivo esquerdo a molar esquerdo e incisivo direito a molar direito, e d) Vertical. As próteses foram separadas de acordo com o tipo de mufla (n=20): G1- Metálica; G2-HH bi-maxilar metálica; G3- Micro-ondas; G4- HH bi-maxilar micro ondas. Ciclo de polimerização para G1 e G2, água a 65ºC por 30 minutos, aquecimento interrompido por 30 minutos, reaquecimento a 65ºC por 30 minutos, seguido de água fervente por 1 hora. Para G3 e G4, micro ondas (20 minutos a 140 W e 5 minutos a 560 W). As medidas foram avaliadas com microscópio comparador linear. A distância final entre os dentes foi obtida subtraindo o valor da distância antes do processamento da prótese do valor da distância resultante do deslocamento dentário após o processamento. A diferença obtida entre essas distâncias foi submetida à ANOVA de 2 fatores, considerando como variáveis tipo de mufla e tipo de prótese. A prótese maxilar apresentou maior deslocamento dental quando comparada à mandibular. Os tipos de muflas e a interação com os tipos de próteses mostraram movimentos dentais similares antes e depois da polimerização. Em conclusão, o deslocamento dental promovido por diferentes tipos de frascos em próteses curadas por diferentes ciclos de polimerização promoveu efeito semelhante na alteração da distância entre os dentes. Maior valor para a mudança de distância entre os dentes ocorreu na prótese maxilar.


Assuntos
Prótese Total , Austrália , Polimerização
7.
J Prosthet Dent ; 126(1): 119-127, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636073

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Data comparing the fatigue performance of adhesively luted glass or polycrystalline ceramic systems for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) are scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the fatigue performance of monolithic crowns manufactured from glass or polycrystalline CAD-CAM ceramic systems adhesively luted to a dentin analog. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four pairs of standardized preparations of dentin analog (NEMA Grade G10) and simplified ceramic crowns of 1.5-mm thickness were obtained with 3 ceramic materials: lithium disilicate (LD) glass-ceramic (IPS e.max CAD); zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS) glass-ceramic (Vita Suprinity); and translucent yttrium fully stabilized polycrystalline zirconia (Trans YZ) (Prettau Anterior). The simplified crowns (n=15) were adhesively cemented onto the preparations and subjected to step-stress fatigue test (initial load of 400 N, 20 Hz, 10 000 cycles, followed by 100-N increment steps until failure). Collected data (fatigue failure load [FFL] and cycles for failure [CFF]) were submitted to survival analysis with the Kaplan-Meier and Mantel-Cox post hoc tests (α=.05) and to Weibull analysis (Weibull modulus and its respective 95% confidence interval). Failed crowns were submitted to fractography analysis. The surface characteristics of the internal surface (roughness, fractal dimension) of additional crowns were accessed, and the occlusal cement thickness obtained in each luted system was measured. RESULTS: Trans YZ crowns presented the highest values of FFL, CFF, and survival rates, followed by ZLS and LD (mean FFL: 1740 N>1187 N>987 N; mean CFF: 149 000>92 613>73 667). Weibull modulus and cement thickness were similar for all tested materials. LD presented the roughest internal surface, followed by ZLS (mean Ra: 226 nm>169 nm>93 nm). The LD and ZLS internal surfaces also showed higher fractal dimension, pointing to a more complex surface topography (mean fractal dimension: 2.242=2.238>2.147). CONCLUSIONS: CAD-CAM monolithic crowns of Trans YZ show the best fatigue performance. In addition, ZLS crowns also showed better performance than LD crowns.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
J Prosthet Dent ; 125(1): 117-125, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057485

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The mechanical behavior of ceramic endocrowns is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro and 3-dimensional finite element analysis (3D-FEA) study was to evaluate the mechanical behavior of endodontically treated teeth restored with ceramic endocrowns made by using different computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty mandibular human molars were endodontically treated, prepared for endocrowns, and divided into 4 groups (n=15) according to the following various ceramic systems: leucite-based glass-ceramic (LC group), lithium disilicate-based glass-ceramic (LD group), glass-ceramic based on zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (LSZ group), and monolithic zirconia (ZR group). After adhesive bonding, the specimens were subjected to thermomechanical loading and then to fracture resistance testing in a universal testing machine. The failure mode of the specimens was qualitatively evaluated. Three-dimensional FEA was performed to evaluate the stress distribution in each group. Data were analyzed by using a 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test (α=.05). RESULTS: Statistically significant differences among the groups were observed (P<.05). The outcomes of the LC, LD, and LSZ groups were similar (1178 N, 1935 N, and 1859 N) but different from those of the ZR group (6333 N). The LC and LD groups had a higher ratio of restorable failures, while LSZ and ZR had more nonrestorable failures. Fractographic analysis indicated a regular failure pattern in the ZR group and irregular failure patterns in the other groups. Three-dimensional FEA revealed similar values and stress pattern distributions among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanical performance of monolithic zirconia was better than that of the other ceramic endocrowns considered in this research; however, monolithic zirconia presented a higher rate of catastrophic tooth structure failure.


Assuntos
Coroas , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
9.
J Prosthet Dent ; 126(4): 489-489.e5, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981715

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The best protocol to restore endodontically treated teeth is still unclear, with many factors to be considered, including the selection and necessity of a post, the type of coronal restoration, the amount of remaining coronal structure, and the type of luting agent. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the restorative preferences for endodontically treated teeth between dentists and dental students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Survey studies, written in English, of dentists and dental students, which evaluated the use of intracanal posts and other restorative options for endodontically treated teeth, were selected. Searches were performed in the PubMed and SCOPUS databases without time restriction. Screening and data extraction were performed by 2 researchers independently. A standardized outline was used to extract the data (questions related to the theme and the response rate of each question on the survey), and the risk of bias was assessed. Descriptive analysis was performed of the collected information. RESULTS: Twenty-five articles were included. Most dentists who answered the surveys reported the time since graduation as 1 to 20 years (40%), and 44% were specialists. The most reported choices concerning the type of posts used were prefabricated posts (45.8%), cast metal posts (16.7%), and both posts (16.7%). The cast metal posts were cited more frequently in surveys published between 1994 and 2010, whereas prefabricated posts, both metal and glass fiber ones, were cited between 2006 and 2019. The preferred luting agent for intracanal posts was resin-based (47%). These choices seem to have been influenced by time and by the level of postgraduate training. CONCLUSIONS: Restorative preferences related to posts have changed over time, from the use of cast posts to prefabricated ones or the use of both posts and seem to be influenced by experience and postgraduate training.


Assuntos
Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Dente não Vital , Resinas Compostas , Coroas , Odontólogos , Humanos , Estudantes
10.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 109(6): 890-901, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155731

RESUMO

This scoping review study aimed to map the evidence about solvents' use for gutta-percha dissolution and removal during endodontic retreatments. The study protocol followed the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines, available online (https://osf.io/5vy8n/). Reporting was based on PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews. We selected dentistry studies that considered the effectiveness of solvents in gutta-percha dissolution in endodontic retreatments and compared their performance to the use of instrumentation techniques without solvents. The search and study screening were performed in PubMed and Scopus databases by two independent researchers. A descriptive analysis considered the study design, method/technique used for obturation, method/technique used for instrumentation during retreatment, solvent solutions tested, exposure time, and main findings. A total of 41 studies were included. Despite that, most studies suggested that solvents' use may complicate root canal cleanliness, regardless of the type of instrumentation used, and facilitate the presence of gutta-percha remnants in the root surface. Thus, the use of solvents should be avoided and its use should only be considered if the previous working length was not possible to access without it. Despite that, high heterogeneity was observed, further studies are still encouraged comparing the performance and effects of different solvents in different clinical scenarios.


Assuntos
Guta-Percha/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Solventes/química , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Humanos , Retratamento , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia
11.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 69: e2021009, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1250647

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Multiple clinical specialties are usually needed for a successful long-term treatment in buccal cavity. The aim of this article is to report a clinical case of multi-disciplinary rehabilitation of fracture upper incisors without pulp exposure, concerning about endodontics, periodontics and restorative dentistry comments or procedures. A case of a patient reporting trauma that resulted in fracture and substantial loss of hard tissue, in mesial angle of both upper central incisors (11 and 21). In palatal side, fracture extended beyond cingulum up to subgingival region. Periodontal surgery was performed in order to reestablish biological space. Clinical and radiographic assessments demonstrated no need for endodontic treatment, since pulp was vital and non-altered. Preparations for restorative procedures were minimally invasive, followed by composite direct. A three-year follow-up was performed, consisting in re-assessment of clinical and radiographic aspects, re-polishing of the restorations and photographic documentation. No pulp tissue alteration was observed after the follow-up period. Restorative procedures, adjacent tissues and pulp vitality were considered adequate, and the patient was satisfied with the treatment.


RESUMO O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso clínico de reabilitação de incisivos superiores fraturados sem exposição pulpar, com considerações na área de endodontia, periodontia e dentística restauradora. O caso relata um trauma que resultou em perda substancial de tecido dentário em ângulo mesial de ambos os incisivos centrais superiores. Na parede palatina, a fratura se estendeu além do cíngulo até a região subgengival. A cirurgia periodontal foi realizada para restabelecer o espaço biológico. As avaliações clínicas e radiográficas não demonstraram necessidade de tratamento endodôntico, pois a polpa se apresentava vital e sem alterações. Os procedimentos restauradores foram minimamente invasivos através da realização de restauração direta com resina composta. Foi realizado acompanhamento de três anos, consistindo em reavaliação dos aspectos clínicos e radiográficos, polimento das restaurações e documentação fotográfica. Nenhuma alteração do tecido pulpar foi observada após o período de acompanhamento. Os procedimentos restauradores, tecidos adjacentes e vitalidade pulpar foram considerados adequados e a paciente demonstrou satisfação com o tratamento.

12.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(6): 1209-1217, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270062

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to inspect the mechanical fatigue behavior of an implant-supported restorative system using polyether ether ketone (PEEK) and yttria partially stabilized zirconia polycrystals (YZ) as materials for customized definitive implant-supported hybrid abutments, supporting two types of all-ceramic restorations: translucent zirconia (TZ) and lithium disilicate (LD) monolithic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Morse taper implants were included in epoxy resin. Titanium intermediary abutments were placed, and the specimens were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 10) according to the customized hybrid abutment material (PEEK or YZ) and the monolithic crowns (TZ or LD) representing a maxillary central incisor crown. The specimens were subjected to a mechanical fatigue test (step-stress analysis) by means of an initial 200-N load for 5,000 cycles and subsequent increase of 50 N (step-size) at each 10,000 cycles, until failure occurred. The load at failure and number of cycles until failure were recorded; survival probabilities and specimen displacement were calculated for each step. The failure pattern was evaluated, and the Weibull modulus was obtained for each condition. RESULTS: Fatigue of both types of crowns was not influenced by the abutment material (LD-PEEK = LD-YZ; TZ-PEEK = TZ-YZ). In the PEEK abutment, the values obtained in the LD and TZ crowns showed no statistical difference; however, in the YZ abutment, the TZ crown presented a load at failure value that was statistically higher than that for LD. Failure pattern analysis revealed a higher prevalence of crown fracture for LD groups, while screw/implant platform fractures were shown for TZ groups. CONCLUSION: YZ and PEEK hybrid abutments promoted similar fatigue levels regardless of the crown materials, TZ crowns promoted a higher fatigue level than LD ones when associated with YZ abutments, and LD crowns promoted a similar fatigue level to TZ ones when associated with PEEK custom abutments. Higher prevalence of crown fractures was shown for LD and screw/implant platform fractures for TZ groups.


Assuntos
Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Zircônio , Benzofenonas , Cerâmica , Coroas , Dente Suporte , Porcelana Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cetonas , Teste de Materiais , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros
13.
J. Oral Investig ; 9(2): 110-122, jul.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1342525

RESUMO

Vários fatores podem influenciar o desempenho clínico de dentes com tratamento endodôntico (DTE). Além disso diversas são as opções restauradoras indicadas em respeito a este cenário, em especial com o notório avanço de novas técnicas e tecnologias para uso clínico. Dentre estas corriqueiramente envolvem-se o uso de restaurações diretas (confeccionadas com resina composta), pinos metálicos ou de fibra de vidro, pinos pré-fabricados ou fresados, assim como restaurações indiretas compostas de coroas cerâmicas, inlays, onlays ou endocrowns; sempre com o foco na reabilitação funcional e estética do caso em tela. Neste trabalho, através de uma revisão narrativa, foram expostos conceitos relativos às modalidades restauradores que se advêm do uso de novas tecnologias na reabilitação de dentes tratados endodonticamente(AU)


Several factors may influence the clinical performance of endodontically treated teeth (ETT). In addition, there are several restorative options indicated regarding this scenario, especially with the notable advance of new techniques and technologies for clinical use. These routinely involve the use of direct restorations (made of composite resin), metal or fiberglass posts, prefabricated or milled posts, as also indirect restorations composed of ceramic crowns, inlays, onlays or endocrown; always focusing on functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of the case in hand. In this study, through a narrative review, concepts related to the restorative modalities that were introduced with the use of new technologies in the rehabilitation of endodontically treated teeth were discussed(AU)


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Dente não Vital/reabilitação , Cerâmica , Dente não Vital , Estética Dentária , Restaurações Intracoronárias
14.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 374-379, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901712

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.


Assuntos
Dente Suporte , Titânio , Parafusos Ósseos , Zircônio
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 374-379, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132322

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi verificar o efeito da diminuição de volume do implante, desajuste vertical entre o pilar e plataforma protética, torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético e distribuição da tensão no parafuso em pilares de titânio e zircônia. Dez pilares personalizados de cada material foram fresados e conectados aos implantes de titânio. A diminuição de volume do implante foi avaliada com microtomografia, o desajuste vertical com microscopia óptica e o torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético com chave de torque digital. Todas as análises experimentais foram realizadas antes e após aplicação do ciclo mecânico (1.000.000 ciclos, 100 N/2 Hz). Modelos virtuais das estruturas foram criados para análise por elementos finitos e a tensão no parafuso obtida com valores de von Mises. Os dados foram analisados usando teste t independente, análise de varância dois fatores para medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey HSD (a=0,05). Não houve diferença significativa na diminuição de volume do implante para os dois materiais do pilar (p= 0,662). Os pilares de titânio proporcionaram maiores valores de torque de afrouxamento após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). O menor desajuste marginal foi obtido com os pilares de titânio antes e após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). A distribuição da tensão no parafuso foi similar entre os materiais. Em conclusão, os pilares personalizados de titânio reduziram o desajuste marginal e aumentaram a manutenção do torque dos parafusos protéticos quando comparados aos pilares de zircônia.


Assuntos
Titânio , Dente Suporte , Zircônio , Parafusos Ósseos
16.
Braz Dent J ; 31(2): 127-134, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556011

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the internal and vertical marginal fit of metallic copings to abutments and the fracture strength of different narrow diameter dental implant/abutments, either submitted to thermomechanical cycling or not. Sixty-four implant/abutments (n=16) were divided into 4 groups according to diameter and abutment type: G3.5-UAC (morse taper implant Ø3.5mm + universal abutment with beveled chamfer finish); G2.9-UAS (morse taper implant Ø2.9mm + universal abutment with shoulder finish); G2.8-AA (morse taper friction implant Ø2.8mm + anatomical abutment) and G2.5-HP (one-piece implant Ø2.5mm with indexed hexagonal platform). Each group was divided into two subgroups (n=8): submitted and not submitted to thermomechanical cycling (TMC). To assess internal and vertical marginal fit of metallic copings, the assemblies were scanned using microtomography (micro-CT) (n=5). The samples were subjected to the compressive strength test on a universal test machine. Group G3.5-UAC showed the highest marginal misfit regardless of TMC (p<0.05). All other groups were similar after TMC. Group G2.8-AA showed the lowest internal misfit both with and without TMC (p<0.05). Group G2.8-AA showed the highest fracture strength, similar only to G2.5-HP without TMC and G3.5-UAC with TMC. The type of abutment affects the internal and marginal fit of metallic copings and the anatomical abutment led to the best internal and marginal coping fit. The narrow diameter dental implant/abutments differ in terms of fracture strength, the strongest assembly was that composed by implant of type V grade titanium without internal threads (friction implant).


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Dente Suporte , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Resistência à Flexão , Teste de Materiais , Titânio , Zircônio
17.
J. Oral Investig ; 9(1): 1-12, jan.-jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1342271

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between patient complaints, clinical diagnosis of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) based on the diagnostic criteria for TMD, and morphology of the mandibular condyle obtained by cone-beam computed tomography (CB-CT). Data were collected from 40 patients. The anatomy of the mandibular condyle was assessed using CB-CT, the diagnosis of TMD according to diagnostic criteria for TMD, and patients' complaints was registered at the appointment. Data were explored and all statistical references were completed in bicaudal tests, with 95% confidence level (α=0.05). The Chisquared test was used with Bonferroni correction (z-tests). Main complaints found were grouped as muscular, articular, muscular and articular, or headache and articular symptoms. Clinical diagnosis of TMD involved myalgia, local myalgia, myofascial pain, myofascial pain with reference, myofascial pain with arthralgia, arthralgia, or disc displacement with reduction. At least one joint showed condylar flattening, erosion, sclerosis, or osteophytes. No correlation was observed between main complaints, clinical diagnosis, and morphology of the mandibular condyle in all comparisons. The findings suggest that due to the absence of clinical and morphological correlation, CB-CTs should be requested only in specific cases, when doubt remain after careful TMD diagnosis, to avoid their over-indication(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Côndilo Mandibular , Dor Facial , Côndilo Mandibular/anatomia & histologia , Côndilo Mandibular/anormalidades , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Evid Based Med ; 13(2): 125-129, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether a master and PhD thesis in Brazilian graduate programs in dentistry can be based on a systematic review (SR). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed the coordinators of Brazilian graduate programs in dentistry using a self-administered questionnaire including questions about whether an SR meets requirements for approval of a master or PhD thesis, instructions regarding how to use an SR as the method for a master or PhD thesis, and reasons and barriers that SRs were not recognized as acceptable for a master or PhD thesis. The responses were analyzed descriptively, and tables and graphs were created to summarize the data. RESULTS: Among 101 graduate programs invited to participate in the study, 38 (37.6%) returned the questionnaire. Over three-quarters of surveyed programs (n = 30, 78.1%) answered that SRs, in whole or in part, meet the criteria for a master or PhD thesis. Likewise, most programs answered that a master or PhD thesis could be exclusively based on an SR (n = 28, 73.7%). The same number of programs pointed out that one possible reason for not recognizing SRs as a master or PhD thesis is either the lack of SR expertise among committee members (n = 28, 73.7%) or the lack of adequate training of candidates in SR methodology (n = 26, 68.4%). CONCLUSIONS: SRs are well accepted as a master or PhD thesis by Brazilian graduate programs in dentistry. Educational initiatives should be encouraged to promote understanding of SR methodology and increase acceptance among graduate programs worldwide.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia/métodos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia/normas , Humanos , Faculdades de Odontologia/normas , Faculdades de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 127-134, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132279

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the internal and vertical marginal fit of metallic copings to abutments and the fracture strength of different narrow diameter dental implant/abutments, either submitted to thermomechanical cycling or not. Sixty-four implant/abutments (n=16) were divided into 4 groups according to diameter and abutment type: G3.5-UAC (morse taper implant Ø3.5mm + universal abutment with beveled chamfer finish); G2.9-UAS (morse taper implant Ø2.9mm + universal abutment with shoulder finish); G2.8-AA (morse taper friction implant Ø2.8mm + anatomical abutment) and G2.5-HP (one-piece implant Ø2.5mm with indexed hexagonal platform). Each group was divided into two subgroups (n=8): submitted and not submitted to thermomechanical cycling (TMC). To assess internal and vertical marginal fit of metallic copings, the assemblies were scanned using microtomography (micro-CT) (n=5). The samples were subjected to the compressive strength test on a universal test machine. Group G3.5-UAC showed the highest marginal misfit regardless of TMC (p<0.05). All other groups were similar after TMC. Group G2.8-AA showed the lowest internal misfit both with and without TMC (p<0.05). Group G2.8-AA showed the highest fracture strength, similar only to G2.5-HP without TMC and G3.5-UAC with TMC. The type of abutment affects the internal and marginal fit of metallic copings and the anatomical abutment led to the best internal and marginal coping fit. The narrow diameter dental implant/abutments differ in terms of fracture strength, the strongest assembly was that composed by implant of type V grade titanium without internal threads (friction implant).


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adaptação marginal e interna de cópings metálicos em pilares sobre implantes, e a resistência a fratura de diferentes conjuntos de implantes/pilares de diâmetro reduzido, submetidos à ciclagem termomecânica ou não. Sessenta e quatro implantes/pilares (n=16) foram divididos em 04 grupos de acordo com o tipo de pilar e diâmetro do implante: G3.5-UAC (implante cone morse Ø3.5mm + munhão universal com término em chanfro); G2.9-UAS (implante cone morse Ø2.9mm + munhão universal com término em ombro); G2.8-AA (implante cone morse friccional Ø2.8mm + munhão anatômico); e G2.5-HP (implante de corpo único de Ø2.5mm com plataforma hexagonal indexada). Cada grupo foi dividio em dois subgrupos (n=8): submetidos ou não à ciclagem termomecânica (TMC). As amostras foram escaneadas por microtomografia (micro-CT) para avaliar a adaptação interna e marginal vertical dos copings metálicos. As amostras foram submetidas à resistência à compressão em uma maquina de ensaios universal. O grupo G3.5-UAC apresentou os maiores valores de desadaptação marginal independentemente da TMC (p<0,05). Todos os outros grupos foram similares entre si após TMC. O grupo G2.8-AA demonstrou o menor desajuste interno independentemente de TMC (p<0,05). O grupo G2.8-AA demonstrou a maior resistência à fratura, similar apenas ao grupo G2.5-HP sem TMC e G3.5-UAC com TMC. O tipo de pilar influencia a adaptação interna e marginal vertical de copings metálicos. O grupo do pilar anatômico (sem entalhes na superfície) levou à melhor adaptação, enquanto o grupo com plataforma expandida hexagonal e os grupos com munhão universal (com entalhes na superfície) proporcionaram os maiores desajustes (especialmente com termino em chanfro). Os implantes/pilares de diâmetro reduzido diferem em termos de resistencia à fratura, sendo que o conjunto mais resistente foi aquele composto por titânio tipo V e sem roscas internas (implante friccional).


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Titânio , Zircônio , Teste de Materiais , Dente Suporte , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Resistência à Flexão
20.
Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin ; 23(8): 372-383, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32116034

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the stress/strain in dental implant/abutments with alternative materials, in implants with different microgeometry, through finite element analysis (FEA). Three-dimensional models were created to simulate the clinical situation of replacement of a maxillary central incisor with implants, in a type III bone, with a provisional single crown, loaded with 100 N in a perpendicular direction. The FEA parameters studied were: implant materials-titanium, porous titanium, titanium-zirconia, zirconia, reinforced fiberglass composite (RFC), and polyetheretherketone (PEEK); and abutment materials-titanium, zirconia, RFC, and PEEK; implant macrogeometry-tapered of trapezoidal threads (TTT) and cylindrical of triangular threads (CTT) (ø4.3 mm × 11 mm). Microstrain, von Mises, shear, and maximum and minimum principal stresses in the structures and in peri-implant bone were compared. There was increased stress and strain in peri-implant bone tissue caused by implants of materials with lower elastic modulus (mainly for PEEK and RFC). They also presented higher concentration of stresses in the implant itself (especially RFC). Zirconia implants led to lower stress and strains in peri-implant bone tissue. Less rigid abutments (RFC and PEEK) associated with titanium implants led to higher stress in the implant and in peri-implant bone tissue. The TTT macrogeometry showed a higher stress concentration in the implant and peri-implant bone tissue. The stress/strain in peri-implant bone tissue and implant structures were affected by the material used, where reduced values were caused by stiffer materials. Lower stress/strain values were obtained with cylindrical implants of triangular treads.


Assuntos
Ligas/química , Dente Suporte , Implantes Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Dinâmica não Linear , Estresse Mecânico , Titânio/química , Humanos
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