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1.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0209294, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of endometrial carcinomas is primarily based on surgical staging that requires extensive retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. One of the most powerful predictor of lymph node involvement is the lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI). The objective of this study was to determine the potential of L1 Cell Adhesion Molecule (L1CAM) to predict LVSI and its association with other risk factors in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 47 consecutive patients aged 37-88 (61.34±10.52). Twenty-three patients (48.9%) were submitted to complete surgical staging. Nine patients (19.1%) underwent surgical staging without para-aortic dissection. Seven (14.9%) were submitted to hysterectomy with no lymph node dissection. Eight patients (17.0%) only had the biopsy material for analysis. The 32 patients submitted to lymphadenectomy were staged according to the FIGO system and classified among the risk categories of the ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO guidelines. The following histological characteristics were analyzed: tumor size (mm), depth of myometrial infiltration, presence of microcystic, elongated, and fragmented (MELF) pattern of myoinvasion, and lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI). Immunohistochemical analyses of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2, p53, and L1CAM were performed in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded whole tumor tissue sections. RESULTS: LVSI was identified in 26/41 (63,4%) of the cases. L1CAM was positive in 8/47 (17%) cases, all of them positive for LVSI and within the high-risk category of ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO. L1CAM-positive cases were associated with high histological grade and p53 aberrant immunohistochemical profile. Besides, it showed a trend to larger tumors, greater depth of myometrial infiltration, and with a higher frequency of the MELF pattern of myoinvasion. LVSI was also associated with FIGO stage, tumor size, depth of myometrial infiltration, and tumor grade. CONCLUSIONS: L1CAM is highly associated with LVSI and could be used as a pre-operative predictor of lymph node involvement in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Invasividade Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Molécula L1 de Adesão de Célula Nervosa/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Carcinoma Endometrioide/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Dados Preliminares , Período Pré-Operatório
2.
Oncologist ; 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Brazil, cancer is the second most common cause of death. Most patients in resource-limited countries are diagnosed in advanced stages. Current guidelines advocate for EGFR mutation testing in all patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are recommended in patients with advanced or metastatic disease harboring sensitizing mutations. In Brazil, there are limited data regarding the frequency of EGFR testing and the changes in patterns of testing overtime. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective study. We obtained deidentified data from a commercial database, which included 11,684 patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated between 2011 and 2016 in both public and private settings. We analyzed the frequency of EGFR mutation testing over time. We also directly studied 3,664 tumor samples, which were analyzed between 2011 and 2013. These samples were tested for EGFR mutations through an access program to tyrosine kinase inhibitors in Brazil. RESULTS: Overall, 38% of patients were tested for EGFR mutations; 76% of them were seen in the private sector, and 24% were seen in the public center. The frequency of testing for EGFR mutations increased significantly over time: 13% (287/2,228 patients) in 2011, 34% (738/2,142) in 2012, 39% (822/2,092) in 2013, 44% (866/1,972) in 2014, 53% (1,165/2,184) in 2015, and 42% (1,359/3,226) in 2016. EGFR mutations were detected in 25.5% of analyzed samples (857/3,364). Deletions in Exon 19 were the most frequent mutations, detected in 54% of patients (463/857). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the frequency of EGFR mutation in this cohort was lower than that found in Asia but higher than in North American and Western European populations. The most commonly found mutations were in Exon 19 and Exon 21. Our study shows that fewer than half of patients are being tested and that the disparity is greater in the public sector. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: These data not only indicate the shortage of testing but also show that the rates of positivity in those tested seem to be higher than in other cohorts for which data have been published. This study further supports the idea that awareness and access to testing should be improved in order to improve survival rates in lung cancer in Brazil.

3.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(2): 118-125, Agosto/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-914923

RESUMO

Background: In 2016, Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) was responsible for 2,470 new cases in Brazil and, despite recent scientific advances, there are unmet medical needs that affects patients' outcome. Therefore, we aimed to explore the unmet medical needs in the management of HL patients in Brazil, based on experts' perspective. Methods: A questionnaire was developed to address the unmet medical needs including barriers for the diagnosis and treatment of HL in Brazil. The questionnaire results were presented in a panel discussion to validate participants' responses and to collect additional data. Main results: Eight experts participated in the panel. On both healthcare systems, public and private, a slight majority of patients was women and most of them were under 60 yearsold. In addition, the majority of patients were referred from another specialty on both systems. The time from onco-hematologist appointment to diagnosis was different between public and private sector (median of 30 and 12.5 days, respectively). Most patients in the public sector were on stage III (33%) and IV (33%); in the private sector, most patients were on stages II (36%) and III (24%). The most common barriers were the delayed diagnosis and the unavailability of diagnostic procedures and treatment options. Conclusion: According to participants, issues related to infrastructure and healthcare resource allocation affects the management of HL. Improvements in the infrastructure and educational measures for physicians and patients may contribute to minimize the barriers.


Introdução: Em 2016, o Linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) foi responsável por 2.470 novos casos no Brasil e, apesar dos recentes avanços científicos, há necessidades médicas não atendidas que afetam os pacientes. Portanto, o estudo teve como objetivo explorar as necessidades médicas não atendidas no manejo de pacientes com LH no Brasil, com base na perspectiva de especialistas. Métodos: Um questionário foi desenvolvido para abordar as necessidades médicas não atendidas, incluindo as barreiras para o diagnóstico e tratamento do LH no Brasil. Os resultados do questionário foram apresentados em um painel de discussão para validar as respostas dos participantes e coletar dados adicionais. Principais resultados: Oito especialistas participaram do painel. De acordo com os especialistas, em ambos os sistemas de saúde público e privado, uma pequena maioria dos pacientes era mulher e a maioria tinha menos de 60 anos. Além disso, a maioria dos pacientes foi encaminhada por outra especialidade em ambos os sistemas. O tempo entre a consulta com o onco-hematologista até o diagnóstico foi diferente entre o setor público e privado (mediana de 30 e 12,5 dias, respectivamente). A maioria dos pacientes do setor público apresenta estádios III (33%) e IV (33%); no setor privado, a maioria dos pacientes apresenta estádios II (36%) e III (24%). As barreiras mais comuns foram o atraso no diagnóstico e a indisponibilidade de procedimentos diagnósticos, e opções de tratamento. Conclusão: De acordo com os participantes, as questões relacionadas à infraestrutura e à alocação de recursos de saúde afetam o gerenciamento do LH. Melhorias na infraestrutura e medidas educacionais para médicos e pacientes podem contribuir para minimizar as barreiras.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin , Assistência ao Paciente , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
4.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(2): 172-178, Agosto/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-915110

RESUMO

Background: Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) is a curable type of cancer, with a wide variety of therapies, especially for refractory/relapsing cases. Therefore, the study aims to explore the treatment patterns used in the management of HL patients in Brazil. Methods: A survey was developed to explore the treatment patterns in Brazil, addressing topics such as clinical characteristics, lines of therapy, transplant information and cure rates. Then, results were presented in a panel discussion to validate participants' responses and gain additional insights. Main results: The eight experts reported that most patients are women and under 60 years old. In both private and public healthcare systems, ABVD was the most commonly used first-line therapy for patients of all stages. The median cure rates for patients in stages I and II were 80% and 87.5%, and for stages III and IV 60% and 67.5%, respectively, in public and private sectors. For the subsequent lines of therapy, different regimens such as DHAP, GVD, GEV, ICE and allogeneic transplant are used, among others. Brentuximab vedotin was present mainly in the private sector. In the public sector, 70% of the patients are eligible for autologous stem cell transplant; of them, 75% actually receive the transplant. In the private sector, 80% of the patients are eligible, and 100% of them receive the transplant. Conclusion: Similarities were found between the public and private sectors in first-line therapy and cure rates. However, barriers for subsequent lines of therapy are more evident in the public system.


Introdução: O linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) é um tipo de câncer curável, com ampla variedade de terapias, especialmente para casos refratários/recidivantes. Portanto, o estudo visa explorar os padrões de tratamento utilizados no manejo de pacientes com LH no Brasil. Métodos: Uma pesquisa foi desenvolvida para explorar os padrões de tratamento no Brasil, abordando tópicos como: características clínicas, linhas de terapia, informações sobre transplantes e taxas de cura. Em seguida, os resultados foram apresentados em um painel de discussão para validar as respostas dos participantes e coletar os insights adicionais. Principais resultados: Os oito especialistas relataram que maioria dos pacientes é composta por mulheres com idade menor de 60 anos. Em ambos os sistemas de saúde, privado e público, ABVD foi a terapia de primeira linha mais comumente usada para pacientes de todos os estágios. As medianas das taxas de cura para pacientes nos estágios I e II foram de 80% e 87,5%, e para os estádios III e IV, de 60% e 67,5%, nos setores público e privado, respectivamente. Para as linhas subsequentes de terapia, diferentes regimes como DHAP, GVD, GEV, ICE e transplante alogênico são utilizados, entre outros. Brentuximabe vedotina estava presente principalmente no setor privado. No setor público, 70% dos pacientes são elegíveis para transplante autólogo de células-tronco; deles, 75% recebem o transplante. No setor privado, 80% dos pacientes são elegíveis e 100% recebem o transplante. Conclusão: Foram encontradas semelhanças entre o setor público e privado na terapia de primeira linha, bem como nas taxas de cura. No entanto, as barreiras para as linhas subsequentes de terapia são mais evidentes no sistema público.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Tratamento Farmacológico
5.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(2): 190-197, Agosto/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-915117

RESUMO

Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is a B-cell malignancy with a classical bimodal distribution with incidence peaking in the third and sixth decades of life. The purpose of this review is to describe the current unmet medical need for relapsing/refractory HL and the main data of emerging treatments, including brentuximab vedotin, the immune checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and pembrolizumab, as well as other compounds in development. Available guidelines for relapsing/refractory HL are discussed.


O linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) é uma neoplasia de células B com distribuição bimodal clássica com pico de incidência na terceira e sexta décadas de vida. O objetivo desta revisão é descrever as atuais necessidades médicas não atendidas dos pacientes com LH recidivante/refratário e os dados principais dos tratamentos emergentes, incluindo brentuximabe vedotina, os inibidores do ponto de verificação imunológico, nivolumabe e pembrolizumabe, bem como outros compostos em desenvolvimento. Além disso, discutem-se as diretrizes disponíveis para LH recidivante/refratário.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin , Tratamento Farmacológico
6.
Breast ; 31: 34-39, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27810697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBCs) correspond to a molecular heterogeneous disease defined by lack of estrogen and progesterone receptor expression, and the absence of overexpression and/or amplification of HER2. Recent data indicate that clinical outcome in TNBC is affected by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, suggesting that they can benefit from immunotherapies. We selected 116 consecutive premenopausal patients with TNBC to compare the immunohistochemical profile of the group rich in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes with those without this characteristic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all the original histological sections to assess pathological features, and to select a representative area for tissue microarrays and immunohistochemical study. Estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER2 and Ki-67 were evaluated in whole histological sections. The following markers were analyzed in tissue microarrays sections: androgen receptor, cytokeratin 5/6, cytokeratin 14, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vimentin, p16, claudin-3, -4, and -7, p63, and aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform 1 (ALDH1). Lymphocyte-predominant breast cancer (LPBC) was defined by the presence of more than 50% of lymphocytes in the intratumoral stroma. RESULTS: Twenty-six (22.4%) patients present tumors classified as LPBC and 90 (77.6%) as non-LPBC. The two groups were similar regarding age of patients, tumor grade and Ki-67 positive cells. LPBC cases presented lower frequency of expression of the basal cytokeratins, EGFR, and basal-like immunoprofile. There was a trend to higher expression of ALDH1 by stromal intratumoral cells. The expression of all other markers were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphocyte-predominant TNBC in premenopausal patients are mostly of non-basal phenotype.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Brasil , Carcinoma/química , Claudinas/análise , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Receptores ErbB/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Isoenzimas/análise , Queratinas/análise , Proteínas de Membrana/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pré-Menopausa , Receptores Androgênicos/análise , Retinal Desidrogenase/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/química , Vimentina/análise
7.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 38(10): 512-517, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27813039

RESUMO

Objective Triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBCs) represent a heterogeneous group of neoplasias, even though they generally exhibit a clinically more aggressive phenotype, and are more prevalent in young women. To date, targeted therapies for this group of tumors have not been defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the apocrine subtype in TBNCs from premenopausal patients as defined by the immunohistochemical expression of the androgen receptor (AR) and its association with: histological type; tumor grade; proliferative activity; epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression; and a basal-like phenotype. Methods A total of 118 tumor samples from patients aged 45 years or younger were selected and reviewed according to histological type and grade. Ki-67 expression was also evaluated. Immunohistochemical expression of the AR, basal cytokeratin ⅚, and EGFR expression were analyzed in tissue microarrays. The apocrine subset was defined by AR-positive expression. The basal-like phenotype was characterized by cytokeratin ⅚ and/or EGFR expression. Results An apocrine profile was identified in 6/118 (5.1%) cases. This subset of cases also exhibited a lower rate of Ki-67 expression (17.5% versus 70.0%, p = 0.02), and a trend toward a lower histological grade (66.7% versus 27.9%, p = 0.06). Conclusions The apocrine subtype of TNBCs is rare among premenopausal women, and it tends to present as carcinomas of lower grade and lower proliferative activity, suggesting a less aggressive biological phenotype.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB/biossíntese , Receptores Androgênicos/biossíntese , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(10): 512-517, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-843869

RESUMO

Abstract Objective Triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBCs) represent a heterogeneous group of neoplasias, even though they generally exhibit a clinically more aggressive phenotype, and are more prevalent in young women. To date, targeted therapies for this group of tumors have not been defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the apocrine subtype in TBNCs from premenopausal patients as defined by the immunohistochemical expression of the androgen receptor (AR) and its association with: histological type; tumor grade; proliferative activity; epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression; and a basal-like phenotype. Methods A total of 118 tumor samples from patients aged 45 years or younger were selected and reviewed according to histological type and grade. Ki-67 expression was also evaluated. Immunohistochemical expression of the AR, basal cytokeratin ⅚, and EGFR expression were analyzed in tissue microarrays. The apocrine subset was defined by AR-positive expression. The basal-like phenotype was characterized by cytokeratin ⅚ and/or EGFR expression. Results An apocrine profile was identified in 6/118 (5.1%) cases. This subset of cases also exhibited a lower rate of Ki-67 expression (17.5% versus 70.0%, p= 0.02), and a trend toward a lower histological grade (66.7% versus 27.9%, p= 0.06). Conclusions The apocrine subtype of TNBCs is rare among premenopausal women, and it tends to present as carcinomas of lower grade and lower proliferative activity, suggesting a less aggressive biological phenotype.


Resumo Objetivo Carcinomas mamários triplo-negativos representam um grupo heterogêneo de neoplasias, embora geralmente exibam fenótipo clinicamente mais agressivo e sejam mais prevalentes em mulheres jovens. Até o presente, terapias-alvo para esses grupos não foram definidas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência do subtipo apócrino em carcinomas mamários triplo-negativos de mulheres na pré-menopausa, definido pela expressão imuno-histoquímica do receptor de androgênio, e sua associação com tipo histológico, grau histológico, atividade proliferativa, expressão do receptor do fator de crescimento epidérmico (EGFR) e o fenótipo basal-símile. Métodos Foram selecionadas 118 amostras de tecido tumoral de pacientes com até 45 anos de idade. As amostras foram revisadas quanto a tipo e grau histológicos e expressão do Ki-67. A expressão imuno-histoquímica de receptor de androgênio, citoqueratina basal ⅚, e do EGFR foram analisadas em amostras de microarranjos de tecido. O subtipo apócrino foi definido pela positividade do receptor de androgênio. O fenótipo basal-símile foi caracterizado pela expressão da citoqueratina ⅚ e/ou do EGFR. Resultados O perfil apócrino foi identificado em 6/118 (5,1%) casos. Este subgrupo apresentou menor fração de expressão do Ki-67 (17,5% versus 70,0%, p= 0,02) e uma tendência a menor grau histológico (66,7% versus 27,9%, p= 0,06). Conclusões O subtipo apócrino dos carcinomas mamários triplo-negativos é raro em mulheres na pré-menopausa, e tende a se apresentar como carcinomas de menor grau e menor atividade proliferativa, sugerindo fenótipo biológico menos agressivo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores ErbB/biossíntese , Receptores Androgênicos/biossíntese , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Fatores Etários , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 36(8): 340-6, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25184346

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the expression of AKT and PTEN in a series of HER2-positive primary invasive breast tumors using immunohistochemistry, and to associate these expression profiles with classic pathologic features such as tumor grade, hormone receptor expression, lymphatic vascular invasion, and proliferation. METHODS: A total of 104 HER2-positive breast carcinoma specimens were prepared in tissue microarrays blocks for immunohistochemical detection of PTEN and phosphorylated AKT (pAKT). Original histologic sections were reviewed to assess pathological features, including HER2 status and Ki-67 index values. The associations between categorical and numeric variables were identified using Pearson's chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney, respectively. RESULTS: Co-expression of pAKT and PTEN was presented in 59 (56.7%) cases. Reduced levels of PTEN expression were detected in 20 (19.2%) cases, and these 20 tumors had a lower Ki-67 index value. In contrast, tumors positive for pAKT expression [71 (68.3%)] were associated with a higher Ki-67 index value. CONCLUSION: A role for AKT in the proliferation of HER2-positive breast cancers was confirmed. However, immunohistochemical detection of PTEN expression did not correlate with an inhibition of cellular proliferation or control of AKT phosphorylation, suggesting other pathways in these mechanisms of control.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes erbB-2/genética , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/fisiologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 36(8): 340-346, 08/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-720496

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the expression of AKT and PTEN in a series of HER2-positive primary invasive breast tumors using immunohistochemistry, and to associate these expression profiles with classic pathologic features such as tumor grade, hormone receptor expression, lymphatic vascular invasion, and proliferation. METHODS: A total of 104 HER2-positive breast carcinoma specimens were prepared in tissue microarrays blocks for immunohistochemical detection of PTEN and phosphorylated AKT (pAKT). Original histologic sections were reviewed to assess pathological features, including HER2 status and Ki-67 index values. The associations between categorical and numeric variables were identified using Pearson's chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney, respectively. RESULTS: Co-expression of pAKT and PTEN was presented in 59 (56.7%) cases. Reduced levels of PTEN expression were detected in 20 (19.2%) cases, and these 20 tumors had a lower Ki-67 index value. In contrast, tumors positive for pAKT expression [71 (68.3%)] were associated with a higher Ki-67 index value. CONCLUSION: A role for AKT in the proliferation of HER2-positive breast cancers was confirmed. However, immunohistochemical detection of PTEN expression did not correlate with an inhibition of cellular proliferation or control of AKT phosphorylation, suggesting other pathways in these mechanisms of control. .


OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a expressão imuno-histoquímica de AKT e PTEN em uma série de carcinomas mamários invasivos HER2-positivos, e associar seus padrões de expressão com variáveis anatomopatológicas clássicas, como grau histológico, expressão de receptores hormonais, embolização vascular linfática e atividade proliferativa. MÉTODOS: Um total de 104 amostras de carcinomas mamários invasivos HER2-positivos foram preparadas em blocos de microarranjos de tecido para detecção imuno-histoquímica de PTEN e AKT fosforilada (pAKT). Cortes histológicos originais foram revistos para avaliação das características anatomopatológicas, incluindo o estado do HER2 e a avaliação da expressão de Ki-67. As associações entre as variáveis categóricas e as numéricas foram feitas com o uso dos testes do chi-quadrado de Pearson e Mann-Whitney, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Co-expressão de pAKT e PTEN foi identificada em 59 (56,7%) casos. Expressão reduzida de PTEN foi detectada em 20 (19,2%) casos, e esses 20 tumores mostraram menores valores de Ki-67. Por outro lado, tumores positivos para pAKT [71 (68,3%)] apresentaram células positivas para valores mais altos de Ki-67. CONCLUSÕES: O papel de AKT na proliferação de carcinomas mamários HER-2 positiva foi confirmada. Entretanto, a detecção imuno-histoquímica de PTEN não se correlacionou com inibição da proliferação celular ou controle da fosforilação de AKT, sugerindo outras vias nesses mecanismos de controle. .


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , /genética , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/fisiologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética
11.
Case Rep Oncol ; 7(1): 260-5, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24847252

RESUMO

Angiosarcomas are rare aggressive neoplasms of vascular endothelial origin with a high metastatic rate and poor prognosis. Involvement of the bone marrow by the angiosarcoma is exceedingly uncommon, and there have only been a few cases reported in the literature to date. Clinical manifestations and common laboratory findings of bone marrow involvement can mimic other more common bone marrow-replacing neoplasias such as lymphomas and acute leukemia. A definitive diagnosis is difficult to make from cytologic material, probably due to an associated bone marrow fibrosis, and requires bone marrow trephine biopsy with an immunohistochemical profile. Here we had the opportunity to study a case of metastatic angiosarcoma with positive cytologic findings and an unusual presentation that challenged its primary diagnosis.

12.
J Low Genit Tract Dis ; 18(2): E50-4, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24270195

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This report describes a case that illustrates the limitations of the vaccination screening process for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. CASE: We report an unexpected microinvasive adenocarcinoma of the cervix arising in a young woman vaccinated against HPV as part of a clinical trial 6 years previously and followed up annually by cytology. In January 2012, at age 23 years, the patient received a cytological result of atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion, and colposcopy showed slight abnormalities. Biopsy revealed an adenocarcinoma in situ. Conization of the cervix was performed, and the diagnosis was microinvasive adenocarcinoma. Polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical study of conization material showed positivity for HPV-18 L1, p16, and Ki-67. Retrospective analysis of the clinical trial information revealed that 7 HPV tests had been performed, and all were positive for HPV-18, including the sample collected before the first vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: HPV-18 was present in the cervix before vaccination. Persistent detection of HPV-18 should be considered an important factor in treatment planning. This case demonstrates the need to vaccinate women before their first sexual contact and highlights the need for keeping adequate screening even in vaccinated individuals.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Biópsia , Feminino , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 48(2): 200-203, abr. 2013. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-677010

RESUMO

The authors report a case of superficial acral fibromyxioma (SAF) in a 74-year-old male who presented with a painless mass in a periungual dorsoradial region of the right thumb. It is a rare benign neoplasm, which was recently described, that arouse on the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the hands and feet, especially in the proximity to the ungual region of male adults. Surgical treatment was performed with the excision in blocks of the margins of the lesion and fragmentation of the nail and nail matrix, according to the literature recommendation. Although there may be local recurrence in 22% of the cases, the patient presents no symptoms, deformities or functional limitations. In addition, there was no sign of tumor recurrence 18 months after the surgery. We are not aware of a similar case report in the Brazilian literature.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Antígenos de Superfície , Fibroma/diagnóstico , Mãos/cirurgia , Polegar/cirurgia
14.
J Clin Pathol ; 65(1): 64-8, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22039288

RESUMO

AIMS: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancers are aggressive neoplasms associated with a variable response to systemic therapies. Therefore, the identification of biomarkers to better characterise this heterogeneity would improve treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of androgen receptor (AR) and oestrogen receptor (ER) on clinicopathological features in a series of HER2-positive breast carcinomas. METHODS: A total of 104 carcinomas were selected and reviewed. Immunohistochemical studies for ER, progesterone receptor and Ki-67 were analysed on tumour whole histological sections. AR expression was analysed on samples represented on tissue microarrays. According to steroid receptor expression, cases were classified into three groups: AR positive/ER positive (48 cases), AR positive/ER negative (41 cases) and AR negative/ER negative (13 cases). RESULTS: AR-positive tumours corresponded to 89 (85.6%) of 104 carcinomas. AR-positive carcinomas were associated with a higher frequency of ER and progesterone receptor co-expression and lower proliferative activity determined by the expression of Ki-67. AR-negative carcinomas were more often high grade. The group of AR-positive/ER-negative carcinomas was associated with the highest frequency of apocrine morphological features. The group of AR-negative/ER-negative carcinomas was associated with the highest proliferative activity and the highest frequency of high histological and nuclear grade. The lowest frequency of high-grade tumours and the lowest proliferative activity were seen among tumours with expression of both receptors. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that co-expression of AR and ER can provide a protective effect based on phenotypical presentation of HER2-positive carcinomas. Furthermore, lack of both steroid hormone receptors characterises the most aggressive phenotype.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Carcinoma/química , Proliferação de Células , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Receptores Androgênicos/análise , Receptores Estrogênicos/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Análise Serial de Tecidos
15.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 129(4): 236-42, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21971899

RESUMO

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer accounts for approximately one quarter of all cancers in females. Estrogen and progesterone receptor testing has become an essential part of the clinical evaluation of breast carcinoma patients, and accurate results are critical in identifying patients who may benefit from hormone therapy. The present study had the aim of investigating the concordance of the results from hormone receptor tests between a reference laboratory and local (or community) laboratories in Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study at a reference pathology laboratory. METHODS: The concordance in the results from hormone receptor tests between a reference laboratory and 146 local laboratories in Brazil was compared in relation to 500 invasive breast carcinoma cases, using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: There was concordance in 89.4% (447/500 cases) and 85.0% (425/500 cases) of the results from estrogen (κ = 0.744, P < 0.001) and progesterone (κ = 0.688, P < 0.001) receptor tests, respectively, between local and reference laboratories. This was similar to findings in other countries. The false negative rates from estrogen and progesterone receptor tests in local laboratories were 8.7% and 14.4%, respectively. The false positive rates from estrogen and progesterone receptor tests in local laboratories were 15.5% and 16.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Technical and result interpretation issues may explain most of the discordances in hormone receptor testing in local laboratories. Validation of estrogen and progesterone receptor tests at local laboratories, with rigorous quality control measures, is strongly recommended in order to avoid erroneous treatment of breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/química , Carcinoma/química , Laboratórios/normas , Receptores Estrogênicos/análise , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Brasil , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Carcinoma/classificação , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Imuno-Histoquímica/estatística & dados numéricos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Padrões de Referência
16.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 129(1): 51-3, 2011 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21437510

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Perineuriomas are rare tumors composed of cells resembling those of the normal perineurium. It usually occurs in subcutaneous, soft-tissue or intraneural locations. Very few reports in the literature have described perineuriomas in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach, colon and jejunum. CASE REPORT: We report the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of a case of ileal perineurioma that was manifested clinically as intestinal obstruction due to intussusception. Ileal perineurioma has not previously been reported at this anatomical location.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Íleo/complicações , Intussuscepção/etiologia , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/complicações , Adulto , Humanos , Neoplasias do Íleo/patologia , Masculino , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/patologia
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 129(1): 51-53, Jan. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-579030

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Perineuriomas are rare tumors composed of cells resembling those of the normal perineurium. It usually occurs in subcutaneous, soft-tissue or intraneural locations. Very few reports in the literature have described perineuriomas in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach, colon and jejunum. CASE REPORT: We report the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of a case of ileal perineurioma that was manifested clinically as intestinal obstruction due to intussusception. Ileal perineurioma has not previously been reported at this anatomical location.


CONTEXTO: Perineurioma é uma rara neoplasia composta de células que lembram aquelas do perineuro normal e geralmente ocorre no subcutâneo, tecidos moles ou em localização intraneural. Poucos relatos na literatura descrevem perineuriomas no trato gastrointestinal incluindo estômago, cólon e jejuno. RELATO DE CASO: Os autores apresentam as características clinicopatológicas e imunoistoquímicas de um caso de perineurioma ileal apresentando-se clinicamente por obstrução intestinal decorrente de intussuscepção. Perineurioma ileal não havia sido descrito até o momento nessa localização anatômica.


Assuntos
Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias do Íleo/complicações , Intussuscepção/etiologia , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/complicações , Neoplasias do Íleo/patologia , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/patologia
18.
Cancer Lett ; 301(1): 85-94, 2011 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21109347

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate the frequency of KSHV genotypes isolated from Kaposi sarcoma (KS) lesions in patients from Brazil. Fifty KS cases were evaluated. The most frequently detected viral genotypes were A (50.0%) and C (48.0%); the B genotype was isolated only in one case (2.0%). Noteworthy, there was a significant predominance of A genotypes in KS lesions from HIV-positive patients, whereas C genotypes were found mostly in the HIV-negative setting. This finding supports the hypothesis that distinct KSHV genotypes have a non-random distribution in KS, which might be attributable to unique biological properties.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 8/classificação , Sarcoma de Kaposi/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sequência de Bases , Brasil , Feminino , Genótipo , Herpesvirus Humano 8/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 129(4): 236-242, 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-601177

RESUMO

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer accounts for approximately one quarter of all cancers in females. Estrogen and progesterone receptor testing has become an essential part of the clinical evaluation of breast carcinoma patients, and accurate results are critical in identifying patients who may benefit from hormone therapy. The present study had the aim of investigating the concordance of the results from hormone receptor tests between a reference laboratory and local (or community) laboratories in Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study at a reference pathology laboratory. METHODS: The concordance in the results from hormone receptor tests between a reference laboratory and 146 local laboratories in Brazil was compared in relation to 500 invasive breast carcinoma cases, using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: There was concordance in 89.4 percent (447/500 cases) and 85.0 percent (425/500 cases) of the results from estrogen (κ = 0.744, P < 0.001) and progesterone (κ = 0.688, P < 0.001) receptor tests, respectively, between local and reference laboratories. This was similar to findings in other countries. The false negative rates from estrogen and progesterone receptor tests in local laboratories were 8.7 percent and 14.4 percent, respectively. The false positive rates from estrogen and progesterone receptor tests in local laboratories were 15.5 percent and 16.0 percent, respectively. CONCLUSION: Technical and result interpretation issues may explain most of the discordances in hormone receptor testing in local laboratories. Validation of estrogen and progesterone receptor tests at local laboratories, with rigorous quality control measures, is strongly recommended in order to avoid erroneous treatment of breast cancer patients.


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: O carcinoma de mama é responsável por cerca de um quarto de todos os cânceres em mulheres. O teste de receptores de estrógeno e progesterona se tornou parte essencial da avaliação clínica de pacientes com carcinoma de mama; assim, resultados precisos são fundamentais para identificação de pacientes que podem se beneficiar da terapia hormonal. O presente estudo tem por objetivo investigar a concordância nos resultados do teste de receptores hormonais entre um laboratório referência e laboratórios locais (ou comunitários) do Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo retrospectivo em laboratório referência em patologia no Brasil. MÉTODOS: A concordância nos resultados dos testes de receptores hormonais entre um laboratório referência e 146 diferentes laboratórios locais brasileiros foi comparada em 500 casos de carcinoma invasivo de mama através da imunoistoquímica. RESULTADOS: Houve concordância de 89,4 por cento (447/500 casos) e 85,0 por cento (425/500 casos) nos resultados dos testes de receptores de estrógeno (κ = 0,744, P < 0,001) e progesterona (κ = 0,688, P < 0,001), respectivamente, entre laboratórios locais e referência, similar à descrita em outros países. A taxa de resultados falso-negativos nos testes de receptores de estrógeno e progesterona em laboratórios locais foi de 8,7 por cento e 14,4 por cento, respectivamente. A taxa de resultados falso-positivos nos testes de receptores de estrógeno e progesterona em laboratórios locais foi de 15,5 por cento e 16,0 por cento, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Questões técnicas e de interpretação dos resultados podem explicar a maior parte das discordâncias nos testes de receptores hormonais em laboratórios locais. A validação dos testes de receptores de estrógeno e progesterona pelos laboratórios locais com medidas de controle de qualidade rigorosas é fortemente recomendada de modo a evitar o tratamento errôneo de pacientes com carcinoma de mama.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Carcinoma/química , Laboratórios/normas , Receptores Estrogênicos/análise , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Brasil , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Carcinoma/classificação , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Imuno-Histoquímica/estatística & dados numéricos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Padrões de Referência
20.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 29(4): 224-30, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20594146

RESUMO

A 10-year-old Caucasian boy was admitted to the hospital with a 3-month history of headache, vomiting, ataxia, and right amaurosis. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a solid, expansive, parasagittal mass in the right parietal hemisphere that extended sagitally to include the optical chiasm. The lesion was considered unresectable. Histology and immunophenotyping of biopsy tissue revealed characteristics of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. No other anatomical region, including bone marrow, was compromised. Primary T-cell lymphomas of the central nervous system are rare, especially in childhood. Here, we describe the rapidly deteriorating and fatal clinical course of a boy with a primary T-cell lymphoma in the central nervous system.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Criança , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/metabolismo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino
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