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1.
Geriatr Nurs ; 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354477

RESUMO

Senior dance has been used in different health contexts, but information on its effectiveness has not been yet compiled. The present review shows the results of a search carried out in the Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Virtual Health Library (VHL) databases, including material published between 1974 and 2019, using the keyword "senior dance" in Portuguese, Spanish, and English. Twenty-one articles were retrieved, and seven met the selection criteria. Different intervention protocols were found, with the most common being therapy using two weekly sessions, with sessions lasting up to 60 min. The studies had small samples but indicated improvements in the cognitive or psychological component, especially in depression and anxiety; higher willingness to participate in other social activities; and improvements in self-care and family and social roles. The evidence also suggests gains in the biological dimensions, with improved body structure and function.

2.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1088504

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Validar definições conceituais e operacionais para os indicadores do resultado NOC "Autocontrole da doença cardíaca". Métodos Estudo metodológico de validação consensual desenvolvido em três etapas: revisão integrativa da literatura, elaboração de definições conceituais e operacionais para os indicadores do resultado NOC "Autocontrole da doença cardíaca" e validação das definições por consenso de 20 especialistas. Foi realizado teste binomial para análise da proporção de especialistas que concordaram que as definições elaboradas eram relevantes e claras. Valores de p inferiores a 0,05 indicavam diferença significativa na opinião dos especialistas quanto à relevância e a clareza das definições. Resultados Na avaliação dos especialistas, as definições conceituais de 43 indicadores apresentaram valores de p > 0,05 para clareza e 43 para relevância. Nas definições operacionais 36 indicadores apresentaram valor de p>0,05 para clareza e 43 para relevância. Para indicadores com o p<0,05 reajustes foram feitos conforme as sugestões dos especialistas. Conclusão O estabelecimento de definições conceituais e operacionais para indicadores NOC torna o processo de avaliação mais confiável, orientando a prática clínica em direção a melhores resultados. Quando validados, esses indicadores podem oferecer maior precisão, aumentando a efetividade da prática clínica.


Resumen Objetivo Validar definiciones conceptuales y operativas para los indicadores del resultado NOC "Autocontrol de la enfermedad cardíaca" Métodos Estudio metodológico de validación consensual realizado en tres etapas: revisión integradora de la literatura, elaboración de definiciones conceptuales y operacionales para los indicadores del resultado NOC "Autocontrol de la enfermedad cardíaca" y validación de las definiciones por consenso de 20 especialistas. Se realizó test binomial para analizar la proporción de especialistas que estaba de acuerdo con que las definiciones elaboradas eran relevantes y claras. Valores de p inferiores a 0,05 indicaban diferencia significativa en la opinión de los especialistas con relación a la relevancia y claridad de las definiciones. Resultados En el análisis de los especialistas, las definiciones conceptuales de 43 indicadores presentaron valores de p>0,05 respecto a la claridad y 43 a la relevancia. En las definiciones operativas, 36 indicadores presentaron valores de p>0,05 respecto a la claridad y 43 a la relevancia. Con relación a los indicadores con p<0,05, se realizaron ajustes según las sugerencias de los especialistas. Conclusión Establecer definiciones conceptuales y operativas para indicadores NOC permite que el proceso de evaluación sea más confiable, lo que orienta la práctica clínica a la obtención de mejores resultados. Al validarlos, estos indicadores pueden ofrecer mayor precisión y aumentar la efectividad de la práctica médica.


Abstract Objective To validate conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators for NOC outcomes: cardiac disease self-management. Methods This consensus-validation study was developed in three steps: integrative literature review, development of conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators for NOC outcome: cardiac disease self-management, and consensus-validation of definitions by 20 nursing specialists. A binomial test was conducted to analyze the proportion of nursing specialists who agreed on the relevance and clarity of definitions. P-values lower than 0.05 indicated a significant difference of the opinion among nursing specialits concerning the relevance and clarity of definitions. Results After the reviewing by nursing specialits, the conceptual definitions of 43 indicators for clarity and 43 for relevance had a p >0.05. Operational definitions of 36 indicators presented for clarity and 43 for relevance had a p-value >0.05. Indicators showing p <0.05 were adjusted accordingly to reflect the opinion of nursing specialists. Conclusion To establish conceptual and operational definitions for NOC indicators turn the assessment process more, and guide the clinical practice towards better results. Once validated, these indicators may provide higher precision and increase effectiveness in clinical practice.

3.
J Vasc Nurs ; 37(4): 232-245, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847977

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 2 bundles in venous leg ulcer healing. This study is a open, randomized, controlled clinical trial with parallel treatment, 1:1 allocation rate, and 24-week follow-up. Twenty-eight patients with venous leg ulcers of the lower limbs were allocated to 2 groups: group A (n = 14) and group B (n = 14). The mean age of the participants was 59.67 ± 11.95 years, and the mean ulcer surface area was 29.32 (±98.43) cm2. The primary outcome was ulcer healing. Secondary outcomes were wound area reduction rate, Pressure Ulcer Scale of Healing (PUSH) scores, and the presence and intensity of pain before, during and after dressing change. Two different bundles were applied in 2 phases to the randomized groups. All participants engaged in an educational activity, performed exercises, rested with legs elevated, received oral nutrition supplementation (Cubitan; Danone Nutricia), and had their ulcers cleaned with warm saline solution and biguanide polyhexanide solution (Prontosan; B. Braun). Topical therapy in the first phase was papain 2% or 4% for group A and 2% hydrogel for group B. Both groups received single-layer elastic compression therapy (SurePress; ConvaTec). In the second phase, group A received compression therapy with Unna boot (Viscopaste; Smith-Nephew) as the primary dressing, while group B received a cellulose membrane (Membracel; Vuelo Pharma) followed by the Unna boot (Viscopaste; Smith-Nephew).In group A, 71.42% of the ulcers healed; in group B, the figure was 64.28%. Wound area, PUSH scores, and the occurrence and intensity of pain decreased significantly and equivalently in groups A and B.Both bundles are effective in the treatment of venous leg ulcers and pain relief.

4.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 744-752, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify useful terms for nursing practice in the care of people with leprosy and to cross-mapp the identified terms with the ICNP® terms. METHOD: A descriptive, documentary study that included publications of the Ministry of Health in the area of leprosy launched between 2002 and 2017. The terms identified in these publications were extracted and underwent a normalization proces and then, were cross-mapped with terms of the ICNP® version 2015 for the identification of constant and non-constant terms in this terminology. RESULTS: In total, were extracted 1,177 terms, of which 26.76% were equal, 4.59% similar, 4.26% were broader, 19.62% were more restricted, and 44.77% were totally different from the ICNP® terms. CONCLUSIONS: The large number of terms identified and not included in the ICNP® show the need for its expansion in order to contemplate the phenomena of clinical practice more effectively and allow better representation of nursing care for people with leprosy.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/classificação , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/classificação , Humanos , Hanseníase/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem
5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 744-752, May.-Jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013562

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objectives: To identify useful terms for nursing practice in the care of people with leprosy and to cross-mapp the identified terms with the ICNP® terms. Method: A descriptive, documentary study that included publications of the Ministry of Health in the area of leprosy launched between 2002 and 2017. The terms identified in these publications were extracted and underwent a normalization proces and then, were cross-mapped with terms of the ICNP® version 2015 for the identification of constant and non-constant terms in this terminology. Results: In total, were extracted 1,177 terms, of which 26.76% were equal, 4.59% similar, 4.26% were broader, 19.62% were more restricted, and 44.77% were totally different from the ICNP® terms. Conclusions: The large number of terms identified and not included in the ICNP® show the need for its expansion in order to contemplate the phenomena of clinical practice more effectively and allow better representation of nursing care for people with leprosy.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Identificar los términos útiles a la práctica de enfermería en la atención a personas con lepra y realizar mapeo cruzado entre los términos identificados y la CIPE®. Método: Estudio descriptivo, documental, que incluyó publicaciones del Ministerio de Salud en el área de lepra, editadas entre 2002 y 2017. Se realizó la extracción y normalización de términos identificados en esas publicaciones y, a continuación, el mapeo cruzado de estos términos con los de la CIPE® versión 2015 para la identificación de términos constantes y no constantes en esa terminología. Resultados: Se extrajeron 1.177 términos, de los cuales el 26,76% eran iguales, 4,59% similares, 4,26% más amplios, 19,62% más restringidos y 44,77% totalmente diferentes de los términos de la CIPE®. Conclusiones: El gran número de términos identificados y que no constan de la CIPE® evidencia la necesidad de su ampliación para contemplar de modo más efectivo, los fenómenos de la práctica clínica, y permitir mejor representación de la atención de enfermería a personas con lepra.


RESUMO Objetivos: Identificar termos úteis à prática de enfermagem na atenção a pessoas com hanseníase e realizar mapeamento cruzado entre os termos identificados e a CIPE®. Método: Estudo descritivo, documental, que incluiu publicações do Ministério da Saúde na área de hanseníase, editadas entre 2002 e 2017. Realizou-se a extração e normalização de termos identificados nessas publicações e, em seguida, o mapeamento cruzado desses termos com os da CIPE® versão 2015, para identificação de termos constantes e não constantes nessa terminologia. Resultados: Foram extraídos 1.177 termos, dos quais 26,76% eram iguais, 4,59% semelhantes, 4,26% mais amplos, 19,62% mais restritos do que os da CIPE®, e 44,77% totalmente diferentes dos termos daquela terminologia. Conclusões: O grande número de termos identificados e que não constam da CIPE® evidenciam a necessidade de sua ampliação para contemplar os fenômenos da prática clínica de modo mais efetivo, e permitir melhor representação da atenção de enfermagem a pessoas com hanseníase.

6.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 32(2): 147-152, Mar.-Abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001050

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Verificar a consistência interna e estabilidade do Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire - Brasil (CCVUQ-Brasil). Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa metodológica realizada em duas regiões do Brasil (Goiânia e Niterói), no período de junho de 2016 a junho de 2018. A amostra para a consistência interna foi composta por 112 pessoas e para a estabilidade foram avaliados 74 participantes, todos com úlcera venosa atendidas na rede pública de saúde. Para análise da consistência interna foi calculado o alfa de Cronbach. Para estabilidade, o questionário foi aplicado duas vezes com intervalo de 30 minutos e para sua análise foi calculado o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI). Resultados: O CCVUQ-Brasil apresentou alfa de Cronbach para pontuação total do questionário igual 0,92 e para os domínios (interação social, atividades domésticas, estética e estado emocional) foi acima de 0,70. A estabilidade foi excelente (CCI=0,96) para pontuação total do questionário e para a maioria dos domínios. Conclusão: O CCVUQ - Brasil obteve boa consistência interna considerando os dois cenários estudados e excelente estabilidade no cenário Goiânia.


Resumen Objetivo: Verificar la consistencia interna y estabilidad del Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire - Brasil (CCVUQ-Brasil). Métodos: Se trata de una investigación metodológica realizada en dos regiones de Brasil (Goiânia y Niterói), en el período de junio de 2016 a junio de 2018. La muestra para la consistencia interna fue compuesta por 112 personas y, para la estabilidad, 74 pacientes fueron estudiados, todos con úlcera venosa atendidos en la red pública de salud. Para analizar la consistencia interna se calculó el alfa de Cronbach. Para la estabilidad, se aplicó el cuestionario dos veces con un intervalo de 30 minutos y para analizarlo se calculó el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI). Resultados: El CCVUQ-Brasil presentó alfa de Cronbach igual a 0,92 en la puntuación total del cuestionario y en los dominios (interacción social, actividades domésticas, estética y estado emocional) fue superior a 0,70. La estabilidad fue excelente (CCI=0,96) en la puntuación total del cuestionario y en la mayoría de los dominios. Conclusión: El CCVUQ - Brasil obtuvo una buena consistencia interna considerando los dos escenarios estudiados y una excelente estabilidad en el escenario Goiânia.


Abstract Objective To verify the internal consistency and stability of the Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire - Brazil (CCVUQ-Brazil). Methods This was a methodological study conducted in two cities from different regions of Brazil (Goiania and Niteroi), from June 2016 to June 2018. The sample for internal consistency was composed of 112 individuals and for stability 74 participants were evaluated. All the individuals presented with a venous ulcer and received care in the public health network. For internal consistency analysis the Cronbach's alpha was calculated. The questionnaire was administered twice with a 30 minutes interval and for the stability analysis the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. Results The CCVUQ-Brazil presented a Cronbach's alpha score of 0.92, and for the domains (social interaction, domestic activities, aesthetics and emotional state) it was above 0.70. The stability was excellent (ICC = 0.96) for total score of the questionnaire and for the majority of the domains. Conclusion The CCVUQ- Brazil showed good internal consistency, considering the two locations analyzed, and excellent stability in the Goiania.

7.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(8): 2503-2514, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137120

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults diagnosed with cataracts. An analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of community-dwelling older adults residing in the Federal District of Brazil. Interviews and assessment tools were administered, such as the Timed Up and Go test, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Biodex Balance System, Katz Index, Lawton Scale, Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire and Mini Mental State Examination. Statistical analysis involved binary logistic regression. One hundred forty-two older adults (85 with cataracts) participated in the study (mean age: 69.39 ± 5.67 years). Falls were associated with the female sex (OR: 4.45) and sub-maximum score on the SPPB (OR: 3.53) among patients with cataracts, whereas multimorbidity (OR: 5.10) was the risk factor risk for older adults without cataracts. The data suggest different risk factors for falls among older adults diagnosed with cataracts.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Catarata/complicações , Equilíbrio Postural , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(8): 2503-2514, Aug. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952730

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar os fatores associados a quedas em idosos comunitários com diagnóstico de catarata. Trata-se de pesquisa transversal e analítica. A amostra se constituiu de idosos comunitários residentes no Distrito Federal, Brasil. Foram aplicados os seguintes instrumentos: questionário sociodemográfico; Timed Up and Go; Short Battery Performance Test; a Plataforma de Equilíbrio Biodex Balance System; o Índice de Katz, escala de Lawton; Mini-Exame do Estado Mental; e os critérios de fragilidade de John Hopkins Medical Institutions. Para análise empregou-se regressão logística binária. Participaram 142 idosos (85 destes com catarata), com média de idade de 69,39 anos (± 5,67). Observou-se associação das quedas com sexo feminino (OR:4,45) e pontuação submáxima no SPPB (OR:3,53) entre os pacientes com catarata, ao passo que a presença de multimorbidades (OR:5,10) foi o fator de risco para os idosos sem catarata. Os dados sugerem fatores de risco diferentes para idosos com diagnóstico de catarata.


Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults diagnosed with cataracts. An analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of community-dwelling older adults residing in the Federal District of Brazil. Interviews and assessment tools were administered, such as the Timed Up and Go test, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Biodex Balance System, Katz Index, Lawton Scale, Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire and Mini Mental State Examination. Statistical analysis involved binary logistic regression. One hundred forty-two older adults (85 with cataracts) participated in the study (mean age: 69.39 ± 5.67 years). Falls were associated with the female sex (OR: 4.45) and sub-maximum score on the SPPB (OR: 3.53) among patients with cataracts, whereas multimorbidity (OR: 5.10) was the risk factor risk for older adults without cataracts. The data suggest different risk factors for falls among older adults diagnosed with cataracts.

9.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(2): 322-328, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898426

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To validate calf circumference as a technology for assessing muscle mass in the elderly. Method: Cross-sectional study with 132 elderly people from Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Decreased muscle mass was determined by the skeletal muscle mass index (IME) using Dual Energy X-Ray Absortometry (DEXA). The cutoff circumferences (CC) cutoff points to indicate muscle mass decrease were estimated by ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. Results: The most accurate cut-off points for detecting decreased muscle mass in the elderly were 34 cm for men (sensitivity: 71.5%, specificity: 77.4%) and 33 cm for women (sensitivity: 80.0%; specificity: 84.6%). Conclusion: CC can be used as a measure for early identification of muscle mass decrease in routine evaluations of the elderly in primary care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Validar la circunferencia de la pantorrilla como tecnología de evaluación de masa muscular en mayores. Método: Estudio transversal con 132 mayores de Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil. La disminución de masa muscular fue determinada por el índice de masa muscular esquelética (IME) por medio de la Absorciometría por Rayos-X de Dupla Energía (DEXA). Los puntos de corte de la medida de circunferencia de la pantorrilla (CP) para indicar disminución de masa muscular fueron estimados por medio de curva ROC, sensibilidad, especificidad y precisión. Resultados: Los puntos de corte con mejor precisión para detección de masa muscular disminuida en mayores fue 34 cm para hombres (sensibilidad: 71,5%; especificidad: 77,4%) y 33 cm en mujeres (sensibilidad: 80,0%; especificidad: 84,6%). Conclusión: La CP puede ser utilizada como medida para identificación precoz de disminución de masa muscular en evaluaciones de rutina de mayores en la atención primaria.


RESUMO Objetivo: Validar a circunferência da panturrilha como tecnologia de avaliação de massa muscular em idosos. Método: Estudo transversal com 132 idosos de Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil. A diminuição de massa muscular foi determinada pelo índice de massa muscular esquelética (IME) por meio da Absorciometria por Raios-X de Dupla Energia (DEXA). Os pontos de corte da medida de circunferência da panturrilha (CP) para indicar diminuição de massa muscular foram estimados por meio de curva ROC, sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia. Resultados: Os pontos de corte com melhor acurácia para detecção de massa muscular diminuída em idosos foi 34 cm para homens (sensibilidade: 71,5%; especificidade: 77,4%) e 33 cm em mulheres (sensibilidade: 80,0%; especificidade: 84,6%). Conclusão: A CP pode ser utilizada como medida para identificação precoce de diminuição de massa muscular em avaliações de rotina de idosos na atenção primária.

10.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(2): 322-328, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898395

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To validate calf circumference as a technology for assessing muscle mass in the elderly. Method: Cross-sectional study with 132 elderly people from Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Decreased muscle mass was determined by the skeletal muscle mass index (IME) using Dual Energy X-Ray Absortometry (DEXA). The cutoff circumferences (CC) cutoff points to indicate muscle mass decrease were estimated by ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. Results: The most accurate cut-off points for detecting decreased muscle mass in the elderly were 34 cm for men (sensitivity: 71.5%, specificity: 77.4%) and 33 cm for women (sensitivity: 80.0%; specificity: 84.6%). Conclusion: CC can be used as a measure for early identification of muscle mass decrease in routine evaluations of the elderly in primary care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Validar la circunferencia de la pantorrilla como tecnología de evaluación de masa muscular en mayores. Método: Estudio transversal con 132 mayores de Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil. La disminución de masa muscular fue determinada por el índice de masa muscular esquelética (IME) por medio de la Absorciometría por Rayos-X de Dupla Energía (DEXA). Los puntos de corte de la medida de circunferencia de la pantorrilla (CP) para indicar disminución de masa muscular fueron estimados por medio de curva ROC, sensibilidad, especificidad y precisión. Resultados: Los puntos de corte con mejor precisión para detección de masa muscular disminuida en mayores fue 34 cm para hombres (sensibilidad: 71,5%; especificidad: 77,4%) y 33 cm en mujeres (sensibilidad: 80,0%; especificidad: 84,6%). Conclusión: La CP puede ser utilizada como medida para identificación precoz de disminución de masa muscular en evaluaciones de rutina de mayores en la atención primaria.


RESUMO Objetivo: Validar a circunferência da panturrilha como tecnologia de avaliação de massa muscular em idosos. Método: Estudo transversal com 132 idosos de Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil. A diminuição de massa muscular foi determinada pelo índice de massa muscular esquelética (IME) por meio da Absorciometria por Raios-X de Dupla Energia (DEXA). Os pontos de corte da medida de circunferência da panturrilha (CP) para indicar diminuição de massa muscular foram estimados por meio de curva ROC, sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia. Resultados: Os pontos de corte com melhor acurácia para detecção de massa muscular diminuída em idosos foi 34 cm para homens (sensibilidade: 71,5%; especificidade: 77,4%) e 33 cm em mulheres (sensibilidade: 80,0%; especificidade: 84,6%). Conclusão: A CP pode ser utilizada como medida para identificação precoce de diminuição de massa muscular em avaliações de rotina de idosos na atenção primária.

11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(2): 322-328, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To validate calf circumference as a technology for assessing muscle mass in the elderly. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with 132 elderly people from Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. Decreased muscle mass was determined by the skeletal muscle mass index (IME) using Dual Energy X-Ray Absortometry (DEXA). The cutoff circumferences (CC) cutoff points to indicate muscle mass decrease were estimated by ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. RESULTS: The most accurate cut-off points for detecting decreased muscle mass in the elderly were 34 cm for men (sensitivity: 71.5%, specificity: 77.4%) and 33 cm for women (sensitivity: 80.0%; specificity: 84.6%). CONCLUSION: CC can be used as a measure for early identification of muscle mass decrease in routine evaluations of the elderly in primary care.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antropometria/instrumentação , Antropometria/métodos , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/anatomia & histologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Curva ROC
12.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 29(1): 11-17, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27221327

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Investigar a aplicabilidade clínica das definiçõs conceituais e operacionais das características definidoras (CD) e fatores relacionados (FR) de Controle ineficaz da saúde em pessoas com insuficiência cardíaca. MÉTHODS: Estudo piloto transversal. A presença das CD e FRfoi investigada com base nas definiçõses conceituais e operacionais. As frequênciasforam utilizadas para análise. RESULTADOS: Dos 33 participantes, 32 (97%) tinham Controle ineficaz da saúde.A principal CD foi Escolhas na vida diária ineficazes para atingir as meta de saúde, e oprincipal FR foi Impotência CONCLUSÂO: As definições conceituais e operacionais foram aplicáveis à prática clínica, com exceçâo de Benefício percebido, Suscetibilidade percebida e Gravidade da condiçâo percebida, as quais devem ser modificadas.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Autocuidado/normas , Autogestão , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem
13.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 29(3): 146-155, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28523764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify self-care behaviors, instruments, techniques, parameters for the assessment of self-care behaviors in people with heart failure, compare these behaviors with the indicators of the Nursing Outcomes Classification outcome, Self Management: Cardiac Disease. METHOD: Integrative literature review performed in Lilacs, Medline, CINAHL, and Cochrane, including publications from 2009 to 2015. One thousand six hundred ninety-one articles were retrieved from the search, of which 165 were selected for analysis. RESULTS: Ten self-care behaviors and several different assessment instruments, techniques, and parameters were identified. The addition and removal of some indicators are proposed, based on this review. The data provide substrate for the development of conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators, making the outcome more applicable for use in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Autocuidado , Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Humanos
14.
Cogitare enferm ; 23(4): e56022, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-984299

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: analisar registros de enfermagem quanto à presença das etapas do processo de enfermagem em prontuários de pacientes com feridas. Método: estudo transversal, de análise documental, realizado em um Hospital Escola, em estado de Goiás, de março a junho de 2016. A amostra constituiu-se de 180 blocos de registros de atendimentos a pessoas com feridas. Os registros foram classificados em relação às etapas do processo de enfermagem. Características das feridas foram observadas mediante checklist e comparadas com o teor dos registros. Foi utilizada na análise descritiva frequências simples e percentuais. Resultados: 91,6% dos blocos de registros continham elementos da etapa da coleta de dados. As etapas de diagnóstico de enfermagem, planejamento, implementação e avaliação da assistência foram pouco contempladas. Conclusão: há fragilidades no registro das etapas do processo de enfermagem na assistência ao paciente com feridas, que podem comprometer sua segurança, a avaliação do atendimento e pesquisas futuras.


RESUMEN: Objetivo: Analizar registros de enfermería buscando las etapas del proceso de enfermería en historias clínicas de pacientes con lesiones. Método: Estudio transversal de análisis documental realizado en Hospital Escuela de Goiás, de marzo a junio de 2016. Muestra constituida por 180 blocs de registros de atención a personas con lesiones. Registros clasificados respecto de las etapas del proceso de enfermería. Características de las lesiones observadas acorde checklist y comparadas con el contenido de los registros. En el análisis descriptivo se aplicaron frecuencias simples y porcentuales. Resultados: El 91,6% de los blocs de registros incluían etapas de la colecta de datos. Las etapas de diagnóstico de enfermería, planificación, implementación y evaluación de la atención fueron poco contempladas. Conclusión: Existen debilidades en el registro de las etapas del proceso de enfermería en la atención al paciente con lesiones, que podrían comprometer su seguridad, la evaluación de la atención e investigaciones futuras.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze nursing records regarding the inclusion of nursing process steps in the medical records of patients with wounds. Method: Cross-sectional study that uses documentary analysis carried out in a teaching hospital, in the state of Goiás, from March to June 2016. The sample consisted of 180 patient care record cards from individuals with wounds. The records were classified according to the stages of the nursing process. A checklist was used in the characterization of the wounds, and the characteristics observed were compared to the information included in the records. Frequency and percentage statistics were used in descriptive analysis. Results: It was found that 91.6% of the patient care record cards contained information about the stage of data collection. The stages of nursing diagnosis, planning, implementation and care assessment were poorly reported. Conclusion: Weaknesses were detected in the documentation of the nursing process of patients with wounds, which may compromise their safety, the assessment of care and future research.


Assuntos
Humanos , Bandagens , Ferimentos e Lesões , Registros de Enfermagem , Enfermagem , Processo de Enfermagem
15.
J Vasc Nurs ; 35(4): 178-186, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153225

RESUMO

The selection of topical and systemic therapies for the treatment of venous ulcers with signs of infection is challenging and should be accompanied by specific precautionary measures to protect against cross-contamination in the presence of multidrug-resistant microorganisms. However, there are still no clinical indicators for this situation, and confirmation of resistant strains occurs through culture and sensitivity, which can take up to 14 days. During this period, protective measures may no longer be taken, contributing to the spread of these pathogens. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between clinical signs and symptoms of infection in venous ulcers and the presence of antimicrobial-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and/or Pseudomonas spp. A cross-sectional study was developed including 69 patients with 98 venous ulcers. Clinical observation protocol was applied to detect infection indicators established by the European Wound Management Association and microbiological analysis of samples of the lesions. Fisher's exact test and χ2 were used for analyses (P < 0.05). Two indicators of infection predominated (f >70%): discoloration of the opaque type and/or dark brick red and increased exudate volume; 31 (31.6%) ulcer samples showed positive culture for the bacteria studied. There was no relationship between signs and symptoms of infection and the presence of multidrug-resistant microorganisms. Taking into account the percentage of lesions with resistant strains, for safe care, contact precautionary measures should be implemented in the treatment rooms, in addition to standard precautions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera Varicosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Curativos Oclusivos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Úlcera Varicosa/microbiologia , Cicatrização
16.
J Midwifery Womens Health ; 62(5): 572-579, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28887855

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of anhydrous lanolin with the effect of breast milk combined with a breast shell for treatment of nipple trauma and pain during breastfeeding. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in a maternity ward in a hospital accredited as a Baby-Friendly Hospital located in the middle-western region of Brazil. Breastfeeding women with obvious nipple trauma were randomized into 2 groups. In both groups, breastfeeding education was conducted. For up to 10 days, in Group 1, anhydrous lanolin was applied daily after each breastfeeding session, whereas in Group 2, breast milk combined with a breast shell was applied. Trauma was assessed using the Nipple Trauma Score, and pain was assessed using a numerical scale and sensory descriptors from the McGill Questionnaire. RESULTS: One hundred women participated, with 50 women in each of the 2 groups. The healing of nipple trauma was faster in the group treated with breast milk combined with a breast shell, starting on the third day of intervention (P = .032). The intensity of pain was lower in the group treated with breast milk combined with a breast shell starting on the fifth day of treatment (P = .008). The use of anhydrous lanolin had a progressively reduced treatment efficacy, with values of 86.4% on the third day (95% confidence interval [CI], -4.5%-98.2%), 58.3% on the fifth day (95% CI, 20.1%-78.3%), 48.1% on the seventh day (95% CI, 20.1%-66.2%), and 26.9.% on the tenth day (95% CI, 6.4%-43%) of intervention. The resolution of nipple trauma was significantly associated with the use of the nipple shell on all intervention days. DISCUSSION: The intervention with breast milk combined with a breast shell was more effective than anhydrous lanolin for the treatment of nipple trauma and pain in breastfeeding women. This treatment should be encouraged among breastfeeding women to promote healing and reduce pain.

17.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 28(2): 76-87, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26549691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct conceptual and operational definitions for the defining characteristics (DCs) and related factors (RFs) of the nursing diagnosis (ND) ineffective health management for people with chronic heart failure. METHOD: Conceptual and operational definitions for the DC and RF were based on studies found in an integrative literature review in the databases Latin American Literature in Health Sciences, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and MEDLINE by using the key words Nursing diagnosis, Heart Failure, and Patient Cooperation in different combinations. RESULTS: Conceptual and operational definitions for all the DCs and RFs were constructed. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The definitions will facilitate in the identification of ND in clinical practice in patients with heart failure, future research on ND validation, and education in undergraduate courses.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem
18.
Acta Cir Bras ; 31(9): 578-585, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27737342

RESUMO

PURPOSE: : To analyze the healing effects of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) application compared to wound dressing with 2% silver sulfadiazine in full thickness burn wounds in rats. METHODS: : Animals were divided into two groups: 2% silver sulfadiazine group and SVF group. Both groups received occlusive bandages while the first one was treated with 2% silver sulfadiazine and the latter was treated with injections of SVF prepared from adipose tissue extracted from an animal donor. The animals were accompanied through 3, 7 and 30 days for evaluation of macroscopic, microscopic and morphometric aspects. RESULTS: : On day three, a significant increase (p<0.05) of infiltration of polymorphonuclear, fibrin formation and fibroblasts migration in SVF group was observed. On the 7th day the mononuclear infiltrate, angiogenesis, collagen and fibroblasts were significantly increased in the SVF group (p<0.05). At 30 days significantly increased collagen deposition was observed in the SVF group (p<0.05) . CONCLUSION: : Adipose tissue derived stromal vascular fraction injections promotes better wound repair than 2% silver sulfadiazine in the treatment of full thickness burn in rats during the evaluated experimental period.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Queimaduras/terapia , Sulfadiazina de Prata/administração & dosagem , Cicatrização , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Animais , Bandagens , Queimaduras/patologia , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Microscopia , Ratos Wistar , Células Estromais/citologia , Células Estromais/transplante , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(9): 578-585, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-795994

RESUMO

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To analyze the healing effects of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) application compared to wound dressing with 2% silver sulfadiazine in full thickness burn wounds in rats. METHODS: Animals were divided into two groups: 2% silver sulfadiazine group and SVF group. Both groups received occlusive bandages while the first one was treated with 2% silver sulfadiazine and the latter was treated with injections of SVF prepared from adipose tissue extracted from an animal donor. The animals were accompanied through 3, 7 and 30 days for evaluation of macroscopic, microscopic and morphometric aspects. RESULTS: On day three, a significant increase (p<0.05) of infiltration of polymorphonuclear, fibrin formation and fibroblasts migration in SVF group was observed. On the 7th day the mononuclear infiltrate, angiogenesis, collagen and fibroblasts were significantly increased in the SVF group (p<0.05). At 30 days significantly increased collagen deposition was observed in the SVF group (p<0.05) . CONCLUSION: Adipose tissue derived stromal vascular fraction injections promotes better wound repair than 2% silver sulfadiazine in the treatment of full thickness burn in rats during the evaluated experimental period.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Sulfadiazina de Prata/administração & dosagem , Cicatrização , Queimaduras/terapia , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Bandagens , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Queimaduras/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Células Estromais/citologia , Células Estromais/transplante , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Microscopia
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