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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reported association of IL1RN polymorphisms with response to interleukin-1 (IL-1) blockade in a German cohort of patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to assess the impact of other factors on treatment response. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with systemic JIA who had received IL-1 blockade were identified within the German Autoinflammatory Disease registry DNA biobank. Response to IL-1 blockade was assessed according to 1) the clinical response (initially at least a transient response or good response compared to a poor response), 2) switch (or no switch) to anti-IL-6 receptor therapy following IL-1 blockade, 3) achievement of clinically inactive disease within 6 months of IL-1 blockade, 4) improvement in disease activity measured using the modified Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score, and 5) achievement of a glucocorticoid-free state. In addition, basic demographic data, key features of the disease course, laboratory data, and IL1RN single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were assessed. RESULTS: Six of 7 IL1RN SNPs reported to be associated with response to anakinra therapy were analyzed. These 6 IL1RN SNPs were inherited as haplotypes. An association of IL1RN haplotypes and SNPs with response to IL-1 blockade could not be confirmed in this cohort of patients with systemic JIA. Patients who received tocilizumab following IL-1 blockade had a longer duration from disease onset to diagnosis than those who did not receive tocilizumab (median 0.27 years versus 0.08 years). CONCLUSION: The results of this study could not confirm an impact of IL1RN SNPs on response to IL-1 blockade therapy with either anakinra or canakinumab in a cohort of patients with systemic JIA. However, a longer time frame from disease onset to diagnosis was associated with poorer long-term treatment response, thereby supporting the "window of opportunity" hypothesis that suggests improved long-term treatment response with shorter time from disease onset to diagnosis (and treatment).

2.
Eur J Lipid Sci Technol ; 113(10): 1281-1292, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22164125

RESUMO

To determine trans fatty acid (TFA) distribution of contemporary foods, especially regarding individual trans octadecenoic acids (trans C18:1), 339 German foods of six categories (semi-solid fats, deep-fried potato products, bakery products, confectioneries, instant products and butter) were analysed using two GC methods. Results showed a high variation of TFA content between and within the categories containing between 0 and 40.5% of FAME except in butter, which is a source of natural TFA. The mean TFA values were below 2.0% of FAME, however, bakery products contained 4.5% and butter fat 3.2%, respectively. In addition, the distribution of individual trans C18:1 differed. In samples containing ruminant fat (butter and various confectioneries), vaccenic acid (t11-C18:1, t11) predominated, while in foods containing industrially hydrogenated fats, elaidic acid (trans-9, t9-) and t10-C18:1 were the major trans isomers.. This was reflected by a low t9/t11 index of 0.3 and 0.5 in butter and ruminant fat containing confectioneries, respectively, whilst the highest index was observed in shortenings and deep-fried potato products at 5.2 and 6.8, respectively. In conclusion, the TFA content of foods available on the German market is generally declining, but substantial variations are present. The t9/t11 index could be used as an indicator to determine ruminant fat.Practical applications: A number of studies provide evidence that a high TFA intake, particularly of industrial origin, adversely affects human health. The TFA content of foods could be reduced due to the introduction of several mandatory regulations and modifications regarding the hydrogenation process of oils. The most abundant dietary TFA are the isomers of trans C18:1. Unfortunately, the differentiation of these isomers is not yet very common, though the trans C18:1 profile differs depending on its origin (bacterial hydrogenation in the rumen or industrial hydrogenation). To date, data for TFA content including the trans C18:1 profile of different food categories are limited. The present study confirmed that the TFA contents in German foods are declining. However, TFA are still elevated, especially in bakery products and confectioneries, which are produced using mainly industrial but also ruminant fats. Therefore, the t9/t11 index imparts important information on the source of TFA in processed foods.

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