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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 977-984, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012384

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) is a complication of dental treatment which consists of the degradation of local tissue due to an inflammatory reaction provoked by inappropriate orthodontic stimulus. The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in reducing orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) in animal models. A systematic review was carried out in the MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases. Studies of interventions in animals were selected which analysed the effect of LLLT on OIIRR repair. The risk of bias was analysed through the 10 domains of the SYRCLE RoB tool for animal studies. Seventy-one studies were found; 27 were eliminated as duplicates and 44 titles/abstracts were analysed. Of these, 38 were excluded, and five studies were included for qualitative analysis. In 66.6 % of the studies included, the authors state that LLLT was effective in the inhibition/repair of OIIRR. In histological analysis it was observed that root resorption was significantly less in animals treated with laser as compared to the control. Furthermore, LLLT accelerated cicatrization after OIIRR. Laser proved effective in reducing root resorption lacunae and shortening the inflammatory process induced by the application of orthodontic force.


RESUMEN: La resorción radicular inflamatoria inducida por tratamiento ortodontico (RRIITO) es una complicación del tratamiento odontológico que consiste en la degradación del tejido local debido a una reacción inflamación provocada por un estímulo ortodóntico inadecuado. El objetivo fue analizar la efectividad de la terapia láser de baja intensidad (LBI) en la disminución de RRIITO en ratas. Se realizó una revisión sistemática en las bases MEDLINE, EMBASE y LILACS. Fueron utilizados los términos 'resorción radicular', 'láser de baja intensidad', 'fototerapia', 'tratamiento ortodóntico', 'movimiento dental'. Fueron seleccionados estudios de intervención en animales, que analizaron el efecto del LBI en la reparación de la RRIITO. Los riesgos de sesgos fueron analizados mediante los 10 domínios de la herramienta SYRCLE RoB para estudios en animales. 71 estudios fueron encontrados, siendo eliminados 27 duplicados, y analizados 44 títulos/abstracts; de estos, fueron incluídos 5 estudios para análisis cualitativa. El 66,6 % de los estudios incluidos afirman que el LBI fue efectivo em reparar la RRIITO. En el análisis histológico se observó que la RRIITO fue significativamente menor en animales tratados con láser en comparación con el control. Además de eso, el LBI aceleró el proceso de cicatrización de la RRIITO. El láser se mostró efectivo en reducir las lagunas de resorción radicular y acortar el proceso inflamatorio inducido por la aplicación de fuerzas ortodonticas.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445101

RESUMO

Different light sources have been used during the dental bleaching procedures. More recently, a violet LED system was introduced as a promising and viable light source, which is capable to promote dental bleaching without chemical agents, although this light source could be also associated to a bleaching agent. This case report aimed to present the association of a violet LED and a bleaching agent over a discolored non-vital tooth. After anamnesis, clinical and radiographic examinations, a dental bleaching protocol was proposed as follow: 15 applications of the violet LED during 60 s (Bright Max Whitening, MMOptics) with 30 s interval between them. Before the last 5 applications, 35% hydrogen peroxide gel (Whiteness HP Maxx, FGM) was applied inside the pulp chamber and on enamel surface of the tooth (vestibular and palatal surfaces) and then the last 5 irradiations were performed. Three sessions were performed, with 7-days interval. Color assessment using a VITA classical scale and VITA EasyShade® spectrophotometer was carried out. After dental bleaching, color changed (tooth 21) from A3.5 to B2. The protocol used in this case report showed to be satisfactory for the non-vital tooth bleaching.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blood can be the target of bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic contamination. Blood bags used in hemotherapy for transfusion of erythrocytes, platelets, and plasma are targets of contamination, which can trigger serious diseases, especially blood infections. These infections can progress to sepsis and cause death in intensive care units when not detected or treated rapidly. This study evaluated photodynamic inactivation in the in vitro decontamination of whole blood, erythrocytes and platelet-rich plasma with Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS: Photodynamic inactivation with light at 630 nm, light doses of 10, 15 and 30 J/cm2 and Photogem at 25 and 50 µg/mL were evaluated. Risks of toxicity of the treatment were determined by hemolysis and cell viability assays. RESULTS: The reductions of S. aureus in PBS, whole blood, erythrocytes and platelet-rich plasma at 15 J/cm2 and 50 µg/mL were of 7.2 logs, 1.0 log, 1.3 logs and 0.4 log CFU/mL, respectively. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were performed in whole blood samples. Photogem showed a lower hemolysis of erythrocytes (10.7%) in whole blood. However, erythrocytes hemolysis was 100% when in the absence of plasma. The cell viability assay showed high apoptosis rates in isolated erythrocytes, indicating the destructive action of technique, but normal platelet viability. CONCLUSION: S. aureus inactivation in blood samples at 50 µg/mL of Photogem and 15 J/cm2 (630 nm) in whole blood resulted in better outcomes, providing promising indications for safe treatment of whole blood contaminated with bacteria. Possible alternatives to apply the technique for feasible applications are discussed.

4.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203569

RESUMO

To evaluate the photobiomodulation (PBM) effect on the cardiovascular autonomic control, analyzed by baroreflex sensitivity (sequence method), during constant load exercise and recovery in diabetic men, we evaluated 11 men with type 2 diabetes (DM2) (40-64 years). The constant workload exercise protocol (TECC) was performed on two different days, 14 days apart from each other, to guarantee PBM washout period. After PBM by light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation (150 J or 300 J or placebo), 10 min of rest (REST) was performed. After this period, the volunteer was positioned on a cycloergometer to start the test (1-min rest, 3-min free-load heating, 6-min constant workload-EXERCISE, 6-min free-load cool-down, 1-min rest) followed by a sitting period of 10 min (RECOVERY). The constant workload corresponded to 80%VO2GET (gas exchange threshold) identified by a previous cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). PBM was applied in continuous mode, contact technique, bilaterally, on both femoral quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscle groups. The electrocardiogram R-R intervals (BioAmp FE132) and the peripheral pulse pressure signals (Finometer PRO) were collected continuously throughout the protocol. Stable sequences of 256 points were chosen at REST, EXERCISE, and RECOVERY. The baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was computed in time domain according to the sequence method (αseq). The comparison between therapies (150 J/300 J/placebo) and condition (REST, EXERCISE, and RECOVERY) was performed using the ANOVA two-way repeated measures test. There was no interaction between therapy and conditions during the TECC. There was only the condition effect (p < 0.001), showing that the behavior of αseq was similar regardless of the therapy. Photobiomodulation with 150 J or 300 J applied previously to a moderate-intensity TECC in DM2 was not able to promote cardiovascular autonomic control changes leading to an improvement in BRS.

5.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 366-370, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063859

RESUMO

Fluorescence spectroscopy may assisst in the diagnosis and control of infectious processes associated with bone lesions of the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to analyze, through fluorescence spectroscopy, Candida albicans biofilms formed in artificial bone cavities treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) mediated with 450-nm blue light-emitting diode (LED) and curcumin. Another aim of this study was to analyze the existence of a correlation between the effectiveness of the photodynamic treatments and the fluorescence spectroscopy images. Artificial bone lesions (n = 40) were made in bovine bones and inoculated with standard suspensions of Candida albicans (ATCC 18804) for biofilm formation (14 days / 36 °C ± 1 °C). The 40 specimens were distributed among four experimental groups (n = 10): L-C- (control), L + C- (LED for 5 min), L-C+ (curcumin for 5 min), and L + C+ (PDT). Aliquots of 100 µL were collected from the bone cavities after treatments and were seeded in duplicate on Sabouraud dextrose agar for 24 h at 36 °C ± 1 °C and the colony-forming units (CFU/ mL) were counted. Before and after each treatment, the specimens were subjected to spectral fluorescence and the images were compared using the Image J program. The log10 CFU/mL were compared with Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's Multiple Comparison post-test (significance level at 0.05). The fluorescence histogram values before and after treatment were compared using Wilcoxon test (95%).The correlation between Candida albicans log10 CFU/mL and the number of the fluorescence red pixels spectroscopy was verified using Spearman correlation test. The reduction of Candida albicans log10 CFU/mL in the L + C+ (PDT) group was the most relevant and the fluorescence spectroscopy was correlated to the microbiological result. It was concluded that there was a consistency between the number of Candida albicans log10 CFU/mL and the red pixel data of the fluorescence images, demonstrating that the fluorescence diagnostic device reflects the true microbiological condition of Candida albicans biofilms in the bone cavities during the pre-treatment and post-treatment, thus providing the clinician the ability to dynamically, simply, and instantaneously verify the performance of the treatment used.

6.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(2): eRC4624, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090794

RESUMO

Oral squamous papilloma is a benign tumor whose pathogenesis has been associated with human papillomavirus infection. Thus, it is noteworthy that human papillomavirus infection is one of the risk factors associated with the development of cervical, anogenital, pharynx, larynx and oral cavity carcinomas. Oral squamous papilloma can affect any region of the oral cavity, and transmission of human papillomavirus can occur by direct contact, sexual intercourse or from mother to child during delivery. The diagnosis is clinical and histopathological, with surgical removal representing the treatment of choice. Recently, widefield optical fluorescence has been used as a complementary examination to the conventional clinical examination in the screening of oral pathological lesions and for the delimitation of surgical margins. We report a case of oral squamous papilloma with its clinical, histopathological features and, in addition, from the perspective of wide field optical fluorescence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Papiloma/diagnóstico , Fluorescência , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/patologia , Palato Duro , Papiloma/patologia
7.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 37(3): 168-174, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050947

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this research is to study skin autofluorescence and the associations between skin glycated proteins and clinical characteristics of healthy and unhealthy subjects for noninvasive screening of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks. Background data: Accumulated advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) promote increased oxidative stress and inflammation, as well as cross-linking of proteins leading to tissue damage and several diseases, including diabetes. Materials and methods: One hundred and four subjects with or without diabetes and stroke aged 20-80 years and with Fitzpatrick skin type (I to IV) participated in this study. The fluorescence spectrometer was used to illuminate a skin surface of 1 cm2. The skin of forearm was positioned on the spectrometer to assess skin AGEs. Anthropometric data and body composition also were evaluated. Results: Elevated skin autofluorescence was found in subjects >50 years old, as well as in patients with insulin resistance (IR), diabetes, and stroke. There was a positive correlation between the skin autofluorescence and age (r = 0.7, p = 0.0001), body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.5, p = 0.001), body fat (r = 0.5, p = 0.0001), waist circumference (r = 0.45, p = 0.001), and systolic blood pressure (BP) (r = 0.45, p = 0.0001). Conclusions: Elevated skin autofluorescence can provide a noninvasive screening of diabetes and CVD risks.

8.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 375-382, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002888

RESUMO

Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer in Brazil and worldwide. Topical Photodynamic Therapy is a technique that offers advantages as: excellent aesthetic result, possibility of application for outpatients in ambulatory setting, and presenting a minimum functional impact of the treated anatomic site. Fractionated Photodynamic Therapy is a modification of the usual technique in which the full dose of light is delivered in steps separated by a periods of time ("dark intervals"). In Brazil, no studies using this technique for treatment of BCC have been published. Thus, we proposed to evaluate the complete and partial response to the four different protocols of fractional Photodynamic Therapy, when evaluated 30 days after treatment. The study showed a complete response of 65.8%, 67.6%, 72.7% and 95.4% in the groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. We observed that the dark interval and the irradiated light dose are parameters of great importance for the final response to the treatment. Our results suggest that Fractionated Photodynamic Therapy is a technique with excellent aesthetic result and complete response when evaluated 30 days after treatment. However, a longer follow-up will be necessary for better understanding of the behavior of the lesions treated.

9.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(3): 330-332, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994828

RESUMO

Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting, chronic acquired disease of the skin and mucosa. However, vitiligo of an unclassified type and mucosal subtype affecting only one area of the mucosa is considered quite uncommon. The diagnosis of vitiligo, regardless of its type, is clinical. Nonetheless, a device that allows the visualization of the tissue fluorescence may be useful for confirming the diagnosis. We present the use of wide-field optical fluorescence device for complementary examination and diagnosis of unusual cases of mucosal vitiligo located only in angles of the mouth.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Bucal/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Vitiligo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluorescência , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Imagem Óptica/instrumentação , Vitiligo/patologia
10.
Braz Dent J ; 30(2): 191-196, 2019 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970064

RESUMO

Hairy tongue is a benign pathology, characterized clinically by hyperkeratinized plaques on the dorsal surface of the tongue, hairlike, whose coloration ranges from unpigment, whitish, yellowish, green, brown to black. Diagnosis is clinical, and, in cases of whitish plaques, it may be difficult to differentiate between oral hairy leukoplakia, potentially malignant leukoplakia or squamous cell carcinoma. Thus, widefield optical fluorescence complementary examination may allow a better visualization of the local hairlike pattern of hyperkeratinization, typical of the hairy tongue, facilitating the diagnosis. In this work, a 57-year-old man was referred to the Dental Specialties Department of the Divinópolis Health Department (MG, Brazil) by a general dental practitioner, aiming a differential diagnosis of possible malignant lesion on the dorsal tongue surface. The complementary examination by wide-field optical fluorescence was performed. For this, it was employed a device with high-power light-emitting diode emitting light centered at a wavelength of (400±10) nm and maximum irradiance of (0.040±0.008) W/cm2 was used for fluorescence visualization. Fluorescence images showed projections of hairlike appearance in tongue dorsal surface with no aspects of malignancy. Hairlike appearance is the principal feature of hairy tongue. In this way, the final diagnosis was established. In conclusion, in this case, the use of widefield optical fluorescence in oral diagnostic routine provided a differential diagnosis, with no need of an incisional biopsy.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(5)2019 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30832361

RESUMO

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a treatment that requires light, a photosensitizing agent, and molecular oxygen. The photosensitizer is activated by light and it interacts with the oxygen that is present in the cellular microenvironment. The molecular oxygen is transformed into singlet oxygen, which is highly reactive and responsible for the cell death. Therefore, PS is an important element for the therapy happens, including its concentration. Curcumin is a natural photosensitizer and it has demonstrated its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects that inhibit several signal transduction pathways. PDT vascular effects of curcumin at concentrations varying from 0.1 to 10 mM/cm² and topical administration were investigated in a chick Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) model. The irradiation was performed at 450 nm, irradiance of 50 mW/cm² during 10 min, delivering a total fluence of 30 J/cm². The vascular effect was followed after the application of curcumin, with images being obtained each 30 min in the first 3 h, 12 h, and 24 h. Those images were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed with a MatLAB®. Curcumin was expected to exhibit a vascular effect due to its angio-inhibitory effect. Using curcumin as photosensitizer, PDT induced a higher and faster vascular effect when compared to the use of this compound alone.


Assuntos
Vasos Sanguíneos/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Corioalantoide/irrigação sanguínea , Curcumina/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Vasos Sanguíneos/efeitos da radiação , Embrião de Galinha
12.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2019 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903526

RESUMO

In order to purposely decrease the time of the photodynamic therapy (PDT) sessions, this study evaluated the effects of PDT using topical and intradermal delivery of two protoporphyrin (PpIX) precursors with intense pulsed light (IPL) as irradiation source. This study was performed on porcine skin model, using an IPL commercial device (Intense Pulse Light, HKS801). IPL effect on different administration methods of two PpIX precursors (ALA and MAL) was investigated: a topical cream application and an intradermal application using a needle-free, high-pressure injection system. Fluorescence investigation showed that PpIX distribution by needle-free injection was more homogeneous than that by cream, suggesting that a shorter drug-light interval in PDT protocols is possible. The damage induced by IPL-PDT assessed by histological analysis mostly shows modifications in collagens fibers and inflammation signals, both expected for PDT. This study suggested an alternative protocol for the PDT treatment, possibility half of the incubation time and with just 3 min of irradiation, making the IPL-PDT, even more, promising for the clinical treatment.

13.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 191-196, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001431

RESUMO

Abstract Hairy tongue is a benign pathology, characterized clinically by hyperkeratinized plaques on the dorsal surface of the tongue, hairlike, whose coloration ranges from unpigment, whitish, yellowish, green, brown to black. Diagnosis is clinical, and, in cases of whitish plaques, it may be difficult to differentiate between oral hairy leukoplakia, potentially malignant leukoplakia or squamous cell carcinoma. Thus, widefield optical fluorescence complementary examination may allow a better visualization of the local hairlike pattern of hyperkeratinization, typical of the hairy tongue, facilitating the diagnosis. In this work, a 57-year-old man was referred to the Dental Specialties Department of the Divinópolis Health Department (MG, Brazil) by a general dental practitioner, aiming a differential diagnosis of possible malignant lesion on the dorsal tongue surface. The complementary examination by wide-field optical fluorescence was performed. For this, it was employed a device with high-power light-emitting diode emitting light centered at a wavelength of (400±10) nm and maximum irradiance of (0.040±0.008) W/cm2 was used for fluorescence visualization. Fluorescence images showed projections of hairlike appearance in tongue dorsal surface with no aspects of malignancy. Hairlike appearance is the principal feature of hairy tongue. In this way, the final diagnosis was established. In conclusion, in this case, the use of widefield optical fluorescence in oral diagnostic routine provided a differential diagnosis, with no need of an incisional biopsy.


Resumo A língua pilosa é uma patologia benigna, caracterizada clinicamente por placas hiperqueratinizadas na face dorsal da língua, semelhante a pelos, cuja coloração varia de despigmentada, esbranquiçada, amarelada, verde, acastanhada a preta. O diagnóstico é clínico, e em casos de placas esbranquiçadas, pode ser difícil diferenciar entre leucoplasia pilosa oral, leucoplasia potencialmente maligna ou carcinoma de células escamosas. Assim, o exame complementar de fluorescência óptica de campo amplo pode permitir uma melhor visualização do padrão local de hiperqueratinização semelhante à pelos, os quais são característicos de língua pilosa, facilitando o diagnóstico. Neste trabalho, um paciente do sexo masculino, 57 anos, foi encaminhado ao Departamento de Odontologia da Secretaria de Saúde de Divinópolis (Minas Gerais) por um clínico geral, visando o diagnóstico de uma possível lesão maligna na face dorsal da língua. O exame complementar por fluorescência óptica de campo amplo foi realizado. Para isso, foi empregado um dispositivo com diodo emissor de luz de alta potência, com luz centrada em um comprimento de onda de (400±10) nm e irradiância máxima de (0,04 ±0,008) W/cm2 para visualização de fluorescência. As imagens de fluorescência mostraram projeções de aparência semelhante à pelos na superfície dorsal da língua, sem aspectos de malignidade. A aparência similar à pelos é a principal característica da língua pilosa. Dessa maneira, o diagnóstico final foi estabelecido. Em conclusão, neste caso, o uso da fluorescência óptica de campo amplo permitiu um diagnóstico diferencial, sem a necessidade de uma biópsia incisional.

14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 330-332, Mar. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003036

RESUMO

SUMMARY Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting, chronic acquired disease of the skin and mucosa. However, vitiligo of an unclassified type and mucosal subtype affecting only one area of the mucosa is considered quite uncommon. The diagnosis of vitiligo, regardless of its type, is clinical. Nonetheless, a device that allows the visualization of the tissue fluorescence may be useful for confirming the diagnosis. We present the use of wide-field optical fluorescence device for complementary examination and diagnosis of unusual cases of mucosal vitiligo located only in angles of the mouth.


RESUMO O vitiligo é a doença crônica adquirida despigmentante mais comum da pele e/ou da mucosa. Entretanto, o vitiligo do tipo não classificado e subtipo de mucosa afetando apenas uma área da mucosa é considerado bastante incomum. O diagnóstico de vitiligo, independentemente do seu tipo, é clínico. No entanto, o uso de um dispositivo que permite a visualização da fluorescência tecidual pode ser útil para a confirmação do diagnóstico de vitiligo. Apresentamos o uso do dispositivo de exame complementar de fluorescência óptica de campo amplo para o diagnóstico de um caso incomum de vitiligo de mucosa localizado apenas em ângulos da boca.

15.
Complement Ther Med ; 42: 178-183, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30670240

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) on cardiopulmonary adjustments and muscle oxygenation dynamics during transition to moderate exercise, as well as in glucose and lactate levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Sixteen individuals with T2DM (age 55.1±5.4 years) performed four separate tests receiving LEDT or placebo in random order, at intervals of at least 14 days. A light-emitting diode array (50GaAIAs LEDs, 850nm, 75mW per diode) was used to perform LEDT bilaterally on the quadriceps femoris and triceps surae muscles for 40s at each site. After, a moderate cycling exercise was performed and oxygen uptake, muscular deoxyhemoglobin, heart rate and cardiac output were measured. Lactate and glucose levels were measured before LEDT/placebo and after the exercise. The LEDT decreased the glucose levels after the exercise compared with values before LEDT (173.7±61.0 to 143.5±53.5 mg/dl, P=0.02) and it did not affect the cardiopulmonary and hemodynamic adjustments in exercise, as well as lactate levels in both groups. In conclusion, the LEDT in combination with moderate exercise acutely decreased the glucose levels in men with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/metabolismo , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiopatologia
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eRC4624, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001899

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Oral squamous papilloma is a benign tumor whose pathogenesis has been associated with human papillomavirus infection. Thus, it is noteworthy that human papillomavirus infection is one of the risk factors associated with the development of cervical, anogenital, pharynx, larynx and oral cavity carcinomas. Oral squamous papilloma can affect any region of the oral cavity, and transmission of human papillomavirus can occur by direct contact, sexual intercourse or from mother to child during delivery. The diagnosis is clinical and histopathological, with surgical removal representing the treatment of choice. Recently, widefield optical fluorescence has been used as a complementary examination to the conventional clinical examination in the screening of oral pathological lesions and for the delimitation of surgical margins. We report a case of oral squamous papilloma with its clinical, histopathological features and, in addition, from the perspective of wide field optical fluorescence.


RESUMO O papiloma escamoso oral é um tumor benigno, cuja patogênese tem sido associada à infecção pelo papilomavírus humano. A infecção pelo papilomavírus humano é um dos fatores de risco associado ao desenvolvimento dos carcinomas cervicais, anogenitais, faríngeos, laríngeos e da cavidade oral. O papiloma escamoso oral pode acometer qualquer região da cavidade oral, e a transmissão do papilomavírus humano ocorre por contato direto, relação sexual ou de mãe para filho durante o parto. O diagnóstico é clínico e histopatológico, e a remoção cirúrgica representa o tratamento de escolha. Recentemente, a fluorescência óptica de campo amplo tem sido empregada como exame complementar ao exame clínico convencional, no rastreio de lesões patológicas orais e para delimitação de margens cirúrgicas. Relatamos um caso de papiloma escamoso oral com suas características clínicas e histopatológicas, sob a perspectiva da fluorescência óptica de campo amplo.

17.
Med Mycol ; 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339223

RESUMO

This study evaluated the efficacy of antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) against fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans in a murine model of oral candidosis. Mice were inoculated with two clinical isolates (R10, R15) and one reference strain (ATCC) of resistant C. albicans to produce oral candidosis. After inoculation, aPDT mediated by Photodithazine® (PDZ) and LED light was performed. The use of PDZ or light only was also investigated. Additional animals were treated with Nystatin (NYS). Untreated or healthy mice were also evaluated. Microbiological evaluation was performed by recovering C. albicans from the tongue via colony-forming units. Animals were killed 24 hours after treatments, and the tongues were removed for histological analysis. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (P < .05). The results demonstrated that all strains showed the same behavior after aPDT and NYS treatment. A significant reduction in C. albicans viability was achieved after both treatments for R15 and ATCC. No significant reduction was verified for C. albicans R10 submitted to aPDT or NYS. The histological analysis revealed that aPDT did not cause side effects on tissues. aPDT was effective for inactivation of two fluconazole-resistant C. albicans of the three strains evaluated.

18.
J Biophotonics ; : e201800189, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30191670

RESUMO

To this day, any photosensitizers for the photodynamic treatment of pulmonary illnesses have been administered intravenously. There is, however, an intrinsic difficulty in reaching the target cells or bacteria in the respiratory system. Nebulization could overcome distribution problems and alleviate side effects by delivering the photosensitizers directly to the lungs. In this study, we evaluated the viability of three photosensitizers (indocyanine green, the chlorine Photodithazine®, and the porphyrin Photogem®) was evaluated comparatively in a jet nebulizer. Quantitative analysis was performed by looking at the droplet size, extent of nebulization, output over time, and stability of the solutions. All of the tested photosensitizers were found to be adequately nebulized. We also demonstrated the delivery of indocyanine green to the pulmonary tract and its activation with infrared light in a murine model using extracorporeal detection of fluorescence. This was an important step towards clinical implementation of the extracorporeally-illuminated photodynamic inactivation of pneumonia, recently demonstrated in vivo by this research group. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 73: e113, 2018 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of pre-conditioning treatment with laser light on hepatic injury in rats submitted to partial ischemia using mitochondrial function and liver fatty acid binding protein as markers. METHODS: Rats were divided into four groups (n=5): 1) Control, 2) Control + Laser, 3) Partial Ischemia and 4) Partial Ischemia + Laser. Ischemia was induced by clamping the hepatic pedicle of the left and middle lobes of the liver for 60 minutes. Laser light at 660 nm was applied to the liver immediately prior to the induction of ischemia at 22.5 J/cm2, with 30 seconds of illumination at five individual points. The animals were sacrificed after 30 minutes of reperfusion. Blood and liver tissues were collected for analysis of mitochondrial function, determination of malondialdehyde and analysis of fatty acid binding protein expression by Western blot. RESULTS: Mitochondrial function decreased in the Partial Ischemia group, especially during adenosine diphosphate-activated respiration (state 3), and the expression of fatty acid binding protein was also reduced. The application of laser light prevented bioenergetic changes and restored the expression of fatty acid binding protein. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic application of laser light to the livers of rats submitted to partial ischemia was found to have a protective effect in the liver, with normalization of both mitochondrial function and fatty acid binding protein tissue expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/efeitos da radiação , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Western Blotting , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/análise , Fígado/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/análise , Malondialdeído/efeitos da radiação , Membranas Mitocondriais/efeitos dos fármacos , Dilatação Mitocondrial/efeitos da radiação , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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