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J Sports Sci ; 37(16): 1831-1839, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973054


This research examined the time courses of emotions in sport settings (anxiety, dejection, anger, happiness, excitement) experienced by mountain ultra-marathon (MUM) runners within the month following a demanding MUM race and the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in these time courses. A six-wave one-month longitudinal design was used with one measurement point within two days before the race to measure EI and five time points within the month following the race to assess emotions experienced among a sample of 29 runners. Results of multilevel growth curve analyses showed significant linear decreases of dejection and anxiety and a significant linear increase of anger. EI was related to the intercept (level at the end of the MUM race) of happiness, excitement and dejection. Moreover the interaction of EI with time was associated with happiness, excitement and anger. This means that high and low emotional intelligent runners exhibited distinct trajectories of emotional intelligence within the month following the MUM race. Indeed, trait-EI appeared to have a protective role against stress process leading to emotional adjustment within the recovery period following an ultra-endurance event. As such, consultants and coaches could conduct specific program over the sport season designed to enhance trait-EI of MUM runners.

Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Corrida/psicologia , Adulto , Ira/fisiologia , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tristeza/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo
PLoS One ; 8(11): e81498, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24278447


The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a sequential learning task in which participants develop a tendency towards advantageous options arising from the outcomes associated with their previous decisions. The role of working memory in this complex task has been largely debated in the literature. On one hand, low working memory resources lead to a decrease in the number of advantageous decisions and make a significant part of participants unable to report explicitly which options are the most profitable. On the other hand, several studies have shown no contribution of working memory to the IGT decision patterns. In order to investigate this apparent incompatibility of results, we used an individual differences approach, which has proven an effective method to investigate the role of working memory in cognition. We compared the IGT decision patterns of participants as a function of their working memory capacity (WMC). As expected, contrary to low WMC participants, high WMC participants developed a tendency towards advantageous decisions. These findings lead us to discuss the role of WMC in decision making tasks.

Individualidade , Memória de Curto Prazo , Adolescente , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
Cogn Emot ; 27(2): 376-84, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22928723


Research has given little attention to the influence of incidental emotions on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), in which processing of the emotional cues associated with each decision is necessary to make advantageous decisions. Drawing on cognitive theories of emotions, we tested whether uncertainty-associated emotion can cancel the positive effect of the hunch period, by preventing participants from developing a tendency towards advantageous decisions. Our explanation is that uncertainty appraisals initiate deliberative processing that is irrelevant to process emotional cues, contrary to intuitive processing (Kahneman, 2003; Tiedens & Linton, 2001). As expected, uncertainty-associated emotion cancelled the positive effect of the hunch period in the IGT compared to certainty-associated emotion: disgusted participants (certainty-associated emotion) and sad participants induced to feel certainty developed a stronger tendency towards advantageous decisions than sad participants induced to feel uncertainty. We discuss the importance of the core components that trigger incidental emotions to predict decision making.

Cognição , Tomada de Decisões , Emoções , Incerteza , Adulto , Feminino , Jogo de Azar/psicologia , Humanos , Iowa , Masculino , Testes Psicológicos
Cogn Emot ; 26(3): 568-76, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21851154


According to the Appraisal-Tendency Framework (Han, Lerner, & Keltner, 2007), certainty-associated emotions increase risk taking compared with uncertainty-associated emotions. To date, this general effect has only been shown in static judgement and decision-making paradigms; therefore, the present study tested the effect of certainty on risk taking in a sequential decision-making task. We hypothesised that the effect would be reversed due to the kind of processing involved, as certainty is considered to encourage heuristic processing that takes into account the emotional cues arising from previous decisions, whereas uncertainty leads to more systematic processing. One hundred and one female participants were induced to feel one of three emotions (film clips) before performing a decision-making task involving risk (Game of Dice Task; Brand et al., 2005). As expected, the angry and happy participants (certainty-associated emotions) were more likely than the fearful participants (uncertainty-associated emotion) to make safe decisions (vs. risky decisions).

Ira , Medo , Felicidade , Assunção de Riscos , Incerteza , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Desempenho Psicomotor