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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(25): 7405-7416, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a lack of sepsis screening tools that can be widely used worldwide. Pulmonary sepsis can be of sufficient concern to physicians due to their noticeable symptoms, which usually rely less on screening tools. AIM: To investigate the efficiency of the international normalized ratio (INR) for the early rapid recognition of adult nonpulmonary infectious sepsis. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. A total of 108 sepsis patients and 106 nonsepsis patients were enrolled according to relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria. Commonly used clinical indicators, such as white blood cell, neutrophil count, lymphocyte count, neutrophil-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR), platelets (PLT), prothrombin time, INR, activated partial thromboplastin time, and quick Sequential "Sepsis-related" Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) scores were recorded within 24 h after admission. The diagnostic performances of these clinical indicators were analyzed and compared through multivariate logistic regression analysis, Spearman correlation, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: The INR value of the sepsis group was significantly higher than that of the nonsepsis group. INR has superior diagnostic efficacy for sepsis, with an area under the curve value of 0.918, when those preexisting diseases which significantly affect coagulation function were excluded. The diagnostic efficacy of the INR was more significant than that of NLCR, PLT, and qSOFA (P < 0.05). Moreover, INR levels of 1.17, 1.20, and 1.22 could be used to categorize the relative risk of nonpulmonary infections sepsis into three categories: low, medium and high risk, respectively. CONCLUSION: The INR is a promising and easily available biomarker for diagnosis, and it can be used as one of the indicators for early screening of adult nonpulmonary infectious sepsis. When its value is higher than the optimal cutoff value (1.22), high vigilance is required for adult nonpulmonary infectious sepsis.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638602

RESUMO

Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, caused by many factors such as genetic regulatory elements, unhealthy diet, and lack of exercise. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding single-stranded RNA classes, which are about 22 nucleotides in length and highly conserved among species. In the last decade, a series of miRNAs were identified as therapeutic targets for obesity. In the present study, we found that miR-126b-5p was associated with adipogenesis. miR-126b-5p overexpression promoted the proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by upregulating the expression of proliferation-related genes and downregulating the expression of apoptosis-related genes; the inhibition of miR-126b-5p gave rise to opposite results. Similarly, miR-126b-5p overexpression could promote the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by increasing the expression of lipid deposition genes and triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels. Moreover, luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that adiponectin receptor 2 (Adipor2) and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, long chain (ACADL) were the direct target genes of miR-126b-5p. Moreover, overexpression of miR-126b-5p could exacerbate the clinical symptoms of obesity when mice were induced by a high-fat diet, including increased adipose tissue weight, adipocyte volume, and insulin resistance. Interestingly, overexpression of miR-126b-5p in preadipocytes and mice could significantly increase total fatty acid content and change the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue. Taken together, the present study showed that miR-126b-5p promotes lipid deposition in vivo and in vitro, indicating that miR-126b-5p is a potential target for treating obesity.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5963, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645814

RESUMO

P4 ATPases are lipid flippases that are phylogenetically grouped into P4A, P4B and P4C clades. The P4A ATPases are heterodimers composed of a catalytic α-subunit and accessory ß-subunit, and the structures of several heterodimeric flippases have been reported. The S. cerevisiae Neo1 and its orthologs represent the P4B ATPases, which function as monomeric flippases without a ß-subunit. It has been unclear whether monomeric flippases retain the architecture and transport mechanism of the dimeric flippases. Here we report the structure of a P4B ATPase, Neo1, in its E1-ATP, E2P-transition, and E2P states. The structure reveals a conserved architecture as well as highly similar functional intermediate states relative to dimeric flippases. Consistently, structure-guided mutagenesis of residues in the proposed substrate translocation path disrupted Neo1's ability to establish membrane asymmetry. These observations indicate that evolutionarily distant P4 ATPases use a structurally conserved mechanism for substrate transport.

4.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(4): 1558-1567, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532110

RESUMO

Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy for 6 months following surgery is the standard treatment plan for stage III colon cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the adjuvant chemotherapy completion time for stage III colon cancer had an effect on prognosis and cut-off time that affected the prognosis. Methods: This was a retrospective study of stage III colon cancer patients who completed adjuvant chemotherapy at Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital from January 2010 to December 2017. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the association between adjuvant chemotherapy completion time and the 3-year disease-free survival (DFS). The restricted cubic spline model was used to analyze the cut-off time that affected the 3-year DFS. Results: A total of 431 patients were included in the study. The 3-year DFS was associated with a combination of obstruction or perforation, preoperative serum carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) concentration, T stage, N stage, pathological stage, and adjuvant chemotherapy completion time in the univariate analysis (P<0.05). A combination of obstruction or perforation, preoperative serum CEA concentration, N stage, and adjuvant chemotherapy completion time were independent prognostic factors in the multivariate analysis (P<0.05). The cut-off time was 28 weeks for adjuvant chemotherapy completion time in the restricted cubic spline model analysis. For those whose adjuvant chemotherapy completion time was >28 weeks, the risk of 3-year recurrence was 1.428 times higher compared with those whose adjuvant chemotherapy completion time was ≤28 weeks. [P=0.032, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.034-2.055]. Conclusions: The 3-year DFS of stage III colon cancer was related to the adjuvant chemotherapy completion time. For those who completed adjuvant chemotherapy >28 weeks, the risk of 3-year recurrence increased.

5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(40): 11825-11834, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582220

RESUMO

Microcystins (MCs) are hepatotoxic heptapeptides identified in cyanobacterial bloom-impacted waters and soils. However, their environmental fate in soils is poorly understood, preventing reliable site assessment. This study aims to clarify the variant-specific adsorption, desorption, and dissipation of MC-LR and MC-RR in agricultural soils. Results revealed that their adsorption isotherms followed the Freundlich model (R2 ≥ 0.96), exhibiting a higher nonlinear trend and lower adsorption capacity for MC-LR than for MC-RR. The soils had low desorption rates of 8.14-21.06% and 3.06-34.04%, respectively, following a 24 h desorption cycle. Pairwise comparison indicated that soil pH and clay played key roles in MC-LR adsorption and desorption, while organic matter and cation exchange capacity played key roles in those of MC-RR. MC-LR dissipation half-lives in soils were 27.18-42.52 days, compared with 35.19-43.87 days for MC-RR. Specifically, an appreciable decrease in MC concentration in sterile soils suggested the significant role of abiotic degradation. This study demonstrates that the minor structural changes in MCs might have major effects on their environmental fates in agricultural soil and indicates that the toxic effects of MCs should be of high concern due to high adsorption, low desorption, and slow dissipation.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Microcistinas , Adsorção , Agricultura , Solo
6.
Toxicol Res (Camb) ; 10(4): 667-676, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484659

RESUMO

Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), the NAD-dependent histone deacetylase, has been extensively investigated due to its cognitive protective effect. Studies suggest microRNAs (miRNAs) and histone modifications are key epigenetic regulators of gene expression and play important role in brain development. We previously showed that cognitive impairment by lead (Pb) was associated with downregulation of SIRT1, but the epigenetic role of this is unclear. Thus, we exposed 4-week-old male mice to 0.2% lead acetate solution for three months, and subsequently extracted brain homogenate from mice cortex and hippocampus at the age of 1, 4, and 16 months, respectively. In this study, we found that the protein level of SIRT1 was inhibited in the hippocampus and cortex of 16-month-old aged mice exposed to Pb. Moreover, changes in the levels of miR-138-5p and miR-141-3p, which were considered to the mechanistic target of SIRT1 by bioinformatic analysis, were negative correlations SIRT1 protein expression. We also found miR-34c-3p expression was increased in the cortex of mice at the age of 16 months. Collectively, our results showed the expression of neural SIRT1 and three selected microRNAs at different age nodes of mice for the first time of following Pb exposure. Our results suggest that additional efforts should focus on the consequences of early Pb exposure from an epigenetic perspective.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522005

RESUMO

Behavioral sensitization is a progressive increase in locomotor or stereotypic behaviours in response to drugs. It is believed to contribute to the reinforcing properties of drugs and to play an important role in relapse after cessation of drug abuse. However, the mechanism underlying this behaviour remains poorly understood. In this study, we showed that mTOR signaling was activated during the expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine and that intraperitoneal or intra-nucleus accumbens (NAc) treatment with rapamycin, a specific mTOR inhibitor, attenuated cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization. Cocaine significantly modified brain lipid profiles in the NAc of cocaine-sensitized mice and markedly elevated the levels of phosphatidylinositol-4-monophosphates (PIPs), including PIP, PIP2, and PIP3. The behavioural effect of cocaine was attenuated by intra-NAc administration of LY294002, an AKT-specific inhibitor, suggesting that PIPs may contribute to mTOR activation in response to cocaine. An RNA-sequencing analysis of the downstream effectors of mTOR signalling revealed that cocaine significantly decreased the expression of SynDIG1, a known substrate of mTOR signalling, and decreased the surface expression of GluA2. In contrast, AAV-mediated SynDIG1 overexpression in NAc attenuated intracellular GluA2 internalization by promoting the SynDIG1-GluA2 interaction, thus maintaining GluA2 surface expression and repressing cocaine-induced behaviours. In conclusion, NAc SynDIG1 may play a negative regulatory role in cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization by regulating synaptic surface expression of GluA2.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 46(4)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435654

RESUMO

Following the publication of this paper, it was drawn to the Editors' attention by a concerned reader that the tumor images shown in Fig. 6B bore unexpected similarities to data appearing in different form in other articles by different authors. In addition, there were potential anomalies associated with the cell migration assay data shown in Fig. 2E. Owing to the fact that some of the contentious data in the above article had already been published elsewhere, or were already under consideration for publication, prior to its submission to Oncology Reports, the Editor has decided that this paper should be retracted from the Journal. The authors agree with the decision to retract the paper. The Editor apologizes to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Oncology Reports 39: 695-702, 2018; DOI: 10.3892/or.2017.6119].

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(19): e2101426, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351703

RESUMO

DNA modifications, represented by 5-methylcytosine (5mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC), play important roles in epigenetic regulation of biological processes. The specific recognition of DNA modifications by the transcriptional protein machinery is thought to be a potential mechanism for epigenetic-driven gene regulation, and many modified DNA-specific binding proteins have been uncovered. However, the panoramic view of the roles of DNA modification readers at the proteome level remains largely unclear. Here, a recently developed concatenated tandem array of consensus transcription factor (TF) response elements (catTFREs) approach is employed to profile the binding activity of TFs at DNA modifications. Modified DNA-binding activity is quantified for 1039 TFs, representing 70% of the TFs in the human genome. Additionally, the modified DNA-binding activity of 600 TFs is monitored during the mouse brain development from the embryo to the adult stages. Readers of these DNA modifications are predicted, and the hierarchical networks between the transcriptional protein machinery and modified DNA are described. It is further demonstrated that ZNF24 and ZSCAN21 are potential readers of 5fC-modified DNA. This study provides a landscape of TF-DNA modification interactions that can be used to elucidate the epigenetic-related transcriptional regulation mechanisms under physiological conditions.

10.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(11): 1289-1299, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease, and its pathogenesis is unclear. Previous studies mainly focus on the lesions of substantia nigra (SN) and striatum (Str) in PD. However, lesions are not limited. The olfactory bulb (OB), subventricular zone (SVZ), and hippocampus (Hippo) are also affected in PD. AIM: To reveal gene expression changes in the five brain regions (OB, SVZ, Str, SN, and Hippo), and to look for potential candidate genes and pathways that may be correlated with the pathogenesis of PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established control group and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) PD model group, and detected gene expressions in the five brain regions using RNA-seq and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). We further analyzed the RNA-seq data by bioinformatics. RESULTS: We identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in all five brain regions. The DEGs were significantly enriched in the "dopaminergic synapse" and "retrograde endocannabinoid signaling," and Gi/o-GIRK is the shared cascade in the two pathways. We further identified Ephx2, Fam111a, and Gng2 as the potential candidate genes in the pathogenesis of PD for further studies. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that gene expressions change in the five brain regions following exposure to 6-OHDA. The "dopaminergic synapse," "retrograde endocannabinoid signaling," and Gi/o-GIRK may be the key pathways and cascade of the synaptic damage in 6-OHDA PD rats. Ephx2, Fam111a, and Gng2 may play critical roles in the pathogenesis of PD.

11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 473, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) autologous transplantation has been a promising strategy for aging-related disorders. However, the relationship between ADSCs senescence and organismal aging has not been clearly established. Therefore, we aimed at evaluating senescence properties of ADSCs from different age donors and to verify the influence of organismal aging on the proliferation and function of ADSCs in vitro, providing the theoretical basis for the clinical application of autologous ADSCs transplantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ADSCs were obtained from 1-month-old and 20-month-old mice. The cells characteristics, functions, gene expression levels, apoptosis proportion, cell cycle, SA-ß-gal staining, and transcription features were evaluated. Compared to ADSCs from 1-month-old mice, ADSCs from 20-month-old mice exhibited some senescence-associated changes, including inhibited abilities to proliferate. Moreover, differentiation abilities, cell surface markers, and cytokines secreting differed between 1M and 20M ADSCs. SA-ß-Gal staining did not reveal differences between the two donor groups, while cells exhibited more remarkable age-related changes through continuous passages. Based on transcriptome analysis and further detection, the CCL7-CCL2-CCR2 axis is the most probable mechanism for the differences. CONCLUSIONS: ADSCs from old donors have some age-related alterations. The CCL7-CCL2-CCR2 axis is a potential target for gene therapy to reduce the harmful effects of ADSCs from old donors. To improve on autologous transplantation, we would recommend that ADSCs should be cryopreserved in youth with a minimum number of passages or block CCL7-CCL2-CCR2 to abolish the effects of age-related alterations in ADSCs through the Chemokine signaling pathway.

12.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; 26(5): e12877, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250702

RESUMO

Coronary artery spasm (CAS) is considered an important mechanism of acute coronary syndrome but not very common in the clinical setting. We report a case of a 42-year-old woman with chest pain lasting for 4 h due to diffuse CAS, which led to widespread ST-segment elevation in multiple leads of the electrocardiogram and elevated cardiac troponin T. Emergency coronary angiography at admission showed significantly different morphological results from the second angiography during hospitalization, indicating the patient's discomfort was due to CAS rather than stenosis. Our case illustrates that diffuse CAS can cause widespread ST-segment elevation and severe ACS.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In order to relieve the financial burden of the patients in China, the Ministry of Health (MoH) conducted the first national price negotiation and successfully negotiated three expensive medicines including 2 targeted anticancer medicines (TAMs), icotinib and gefitinib. However, little evidence was available to demonstrate the impact of the national negotiation on TAMs use. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the implementation of the national price negotiation policy in China on TAMs use. METHODS: We used interrupted time series (ITS) design to examine the changes in the daily cost, the monthly hospital purchasing volume and spending of icotinib and gefitinib with pharmaceutical procurement data from 594 tertiary hospitals in 29 provinces of mainland China between January 2015 and July 2017. The period between May and July 2016 was applied to assess the impact of policy. RESULTS: The daily cost of icotinib and gefitinib decreased by 50.08% (P<.001) and 53.89% (P<.001) 12 months after the national negotiation, respectively. In terms of volume, the negotiation was associated with increases in the trend of the monthly hospital purchasing volume of icotinib and gefitinib by 4.87 thousand defined daily doses (DDDs) (P<.001) and 6.89 thousand DDDs (P<.001). However, the monthly hospital purchasing spending of icotinib and gefitinib decreased rapidly by US$0.51 million (P<.010) and US$0.82 million (P<.050) following policy implementation, respectively. CONCLUSION: The first national negotiation had successfully cut off the price of two negotiated TAMs and promoted TAMs use in China. In the future, government should conduct further price negotiations and include more medicines with clinical benefits into reimbursement schemes to alleviate patients' financial burden and promote their access to essential treatment.

15.
Indian J Microbiol ; 61(3): 338-347, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34290462

RESUMO

Gut microbiome, as the largest and most important micro-ecosystem, plays a critical role in health. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether heat stress modulates the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome in rats. The heat stress model was prepared in rats with the heating temperature maintained at 35-38°C. Cecum contents were collected after heat stress for 3 h and days 1, 3 and 7. Total DNA was extracted for 16 S rRNA sequencing and analysis of intestinal microbiome composition and diversity. The study showed that the composition of the intestinal microbiome of heat stress group was changed. And the heat stress modulated key phylotypes of gut microbiota at the level of phylum and genus. In particular, the genus of Lactobacillus and Bacteroides were significantly reduced, whereas the Oscillospira and Clostridium were increased by heat stress. Meanwhile, the rats under the heat stress encountered the change in carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and membrane transport to defense against stress. Taken together, the composition and structure of gut microbiome were affected by heat stress and some key phylotypes were also significantly altered. We conclude that the heat stress could impact multiple biological functions, via altering the gut microbiome.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322803

RESUMO

Vermicompost was used as an additive in swine manure composting to investigate the expression of bacterial functional genes on nutrients biotransformation. Three treatments with vermicompost compositions of 10%, 20%, and 30% in swine manure were set up. Raw manure was used as the control. The thermophilic period increased to 12 days, the NH4+ -N/NO3- -N ratio decreased to 0.85, and the germination index (GI) increased to 166% after vermicompost addition. Furthermore, higher relative abundances of Firmicutes were observed in the substrate during the initial stages of experiment. The abundance of the dominant phylum Proteobacteria and its related pathogenic genera Acinetobacter and Stenotrophomonas decreased in the thermophilic stage while the potentially beneficial genera Actinomadura and Chryseolinea increased. The expression of primary functional genes associated with the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, xenobiotics, and fatty acids was enhanced during the thermophilic phase. Besides, most dominant genera showed strengthened correlations with NO3--N and GI, which were the strongest environmental factors for bacterial communities. Network analysis revealed a new metabolic pathway associated with dominant genera Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Stenotrophomonas, and Oceanobacter, whose abundance increased with vermicompost addition. Collectively, the results of this study indicate that vermicompost can promote composting efficiency by increasing the potentially beneficial bacteria, decreasing pathogenic bacteria, and enhancing the metabolic capacity of bacterial communities.

17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112511, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273848

RESUMO

This study examined the neuroprotective properties of resveratrol (Res) and its target sirtuin1 (SIRT1) against lead (Pb)-mediated toxicity and discovered that both resveratrol treatment and SIRT1 overexpression restored blocked autophagic flux as well as reduced ß-amyloid (Aß) contents. Four-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were employed to consumed 0.2% Pb(Ac)2 solution or deionized water for 3 months followed by 12 months of Res (50 mg/kg BW) or vehicle gavage. In in vitro study, SH-SY5Y cells were pretreated with the SIRT1 activator SRT1720 (2 µM) or the inhibitor EX527 (2 µM) for 2 h, then 25 µM of Pb(Ac)2 was added and incubated for 48 h. Western blotting, RT-qPCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Lyso-Tracker Red Staining were next used to estimate the potential alterations of the autophagic pathway as well as BACE1-mediated amyloid processing in response to Pb exposure, respectively. Our data revealed that Res treatment or SIRT1 activation resisted the induction of autophagy by Pb exposure through inhibition of LC3 and Beclin-1 expression and promoted the degradation of Aß and Tau phosphorylation. Besides, the SIRT1 activator (SRT1720) downregulated the expression of BACE1, the rate-limiting enzyme for Aß production, by inhibiting the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in Pb-treated SH-SY5Y cells, which resulted in reduced Aß production. Collectively, we verified the role of Res-SIRT1-autophagy as well as the SIRT1-NF-κB-BACE1 pathway in Pb-induced neuronal cell injury by in vivo or in vitro models. Our findings further elucidate the important role of SIRT1 and Res in counteracting Pb neurotoxicity, which may provide new interventions and targets for the subsequent treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Sirtuína 1 , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/genética , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/farmacologia , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/genética , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/farmacologia , Autofagia , Chumbo/toxicidade , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Sirtuína 1/genética
18.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 407, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis (AS) is a complex disease caused in part by dyslipidemia and chronic inflammation. AS is associated with serious cardiovascular disease and remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have evolved as an attractive therapeutic agent in various diseases including AS. Human umbilical cord MSCs (UCSCs) have been used in cell therapy trials due to their ability to differentiate and proliferate. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of UCSCs treatment on atherosclerotic plaque formation and the progression of lesions in a high-fat diet rabbit model. METHODS: Rabbits were fed a high-fat diet and then randomly divided into three groups: control, model, and treatment groups. Rabbits in the treatment group were injected with UCSCs (6 × 106 in 500 µL phosphate buffered saline) after 1 month of high-fat diet, once every 2 weeks, for 3 months. The model group was given PBS only. We analyzed serum biomarkers, used ultrasound and histopathology to detect arterial plaques and laser Doppler imaging to measure peripheral blood vessel blood filling, and analyzed the intestinal flora and metabolism. RESULTS: Histological analysis showed that the aortic plaque area was significantly reduced in the treatment group. We also found a significant decrease in macrophage accumulation and apoptosis, an increase in expression of scavenger receptors CD36 and SRA1, a decrease in uptake of modified low-density protein (ox-LDL), and a decrease in levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α following UCSCs treatment. We also found that anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß expression increased in the aorta atherosclerotic plaque of the treatment group. UCSCs treatment improved the early peripheral blood filling, reduced the serum lipid level, and inhibited inflammation progression by regulating the intestinal flora dysbiosis caused by the high-fat diet. More specifically, levels of the microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) were down-regulated in the treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: UCSCs treatment alleviated atherosclerotic plaque burden by reducing inflammation, regulating the intestinal flora and TMAO levels, and repairing the damaged endothelium.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animais , Aorta , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Placa Aterosclerótica/terapia , Coelhos , Cordão Umbilical
19.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2565-2577, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313075

RESUMO

Atmospheric aerosols, i.e., suspension of liquid and/or solid particles in air, have serious impacts on human health. Exploring the variation and patterns of regional atmospheric aerosols is of great significance to monitor and evaluate atmosphere quality, especially in urban areas with large population. Here, with nine typical pivotal cities along the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road through Southeast Asia, South Asia to West Asia as case studies, based on MCD19A2 550 nm AOD products, combined meteorological factors, land use data, and nighttime light data, we analyzed the spatio-temporal distribution, variation features, influencing and/or driving factors of aerosols in developed urban areas over Asia. The results showed that the descending sequence of the annual aerosol optical depth (AOD) of the nine cities was Karachi, Doha, Chittagong, Bangkok, Colombo, Ho Chi Minh, Singapore, Gwadar, and Yangon during 2013-2018. Due to the influence of regional climate system and atmospheric aerosol types, the time series of annual, seasonal, and monthly AODs were significantly different. The high values of AODs in most cities were mainly located in the urban center or rapid socio-economic (e.g., industrial and agricultural) development regions. The effects of different meteorological factors on the AODs varied in different cities. The rainfall, relative humidity, and wind speed had great impacts on AODs in Ho Chi Minh, Bangkok, Singapore, and Yangon. Temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed had close correlations with AODs in Chittagong, Colombo, Karachi, and Gwadar of South Asia and Doha in West Asia. The urban area's AOD was influenced by the combined and synergistic effects of socio-economy, urbanization, and meteorological factors, with that in Karachi being the most significant.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Bangladesh , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Singapura , Tailândia
20.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2021: 5537275, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306746

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the association between the plasma NT-proBNP level at admission and the severity of COVID-19 pneumonia. For this retrospective, single-centre cohort study, we enrolled consecutive patients from February 9 to March 4, 2020, in a COVID-19 ward of Hubei General Hospital (East Branch) in Wuhan, which is a government-assigned centre for COVID-19 treatment. Diagnosis was confirmed by microbiological and radiographic findings following the interim guidance of the World Health Organization (WHO). A total of 91 (92.9%) patients were finally included in this study. The median age of the patients was 61 years (IQR, 47-69), and 39 (43.0%) of them were male. Two cases of death were reported (2.3%). Twenty-three patients (25.3%) had NT-proBNP levels above 300 pg/ml. Higher NT-proBNP levels were associated with worse PSI and CT scores. The natural logarithm of the NT-proBNP level was positively correlated with the PSI and CT scores (PSI score: r S = 0.396, P=0.001; CT score: r S = 0.440, P < 0.001). Patients with NT-proBNP ≥300 pg/ml showed a potential risk for higher mortality than patients with NT-proBNP <300 pg/ml (mortality rate, 8.7% vs. 0%; P=0.062). The plasma NT-proBNP level of COVID-19 patients was significantly related to the severity of pneumonia.

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