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1.
Urol Oncol ; 40(1): 4.e19-4.e28, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548234

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To further determine the efficacy and safety of bipolar androgen therapy (BAT) on patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after progression on abiraterone (ABI) or enzalutamide (ENZA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched the Pubmed, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials.gov up to June 2021. Literature review, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by 2 reviewers. Risk of bias was assessed according to the methodology of the European Association of Urology (EAU). A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed. The primary outcomes were PSA50 after BAT and AR-targeted therapy rechallenge, objective response rate (ORR) after BAT, and AEs after BAT. The definition of PSA50 was that participants achieving a PSA decline ≥50% according to Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG2) criteria. The ORR determined by determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) included patients experienced partial response (PR) or complete response (CR). RESULTS: In a total of 74 unique records, 5 studies were eligible for inclusion. Participants who underwent BAT achieved PSA50 of 0.26 (95% CI [0.20, 0.32]) and objective response rate (ORR) of 0.32 (95% CI [0.21, 0.44]). Patients completed BAT proceeded to AR-target therapy (ABI or ENZA) achieved moderate response (PSA50 0.54, 95% CI [0.30, 0.76]). Based on our multiple subgroup analysis, type of post-BAT AR-target therapy had a strong impact on PSA50 of AR-target therapy rechallenge. Most of adverse events (AEs) were low grade. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that BAT could induce clinical responses in mCRPC patients after progression on ABI or ENZA, with an acceptable side effects profile. BAT could also be able to restore sensitivity to ABI and ENZA rechallenge in a subset of patients.

2.
Urol Oncol ; 39(11): 754-763, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer could respond to steroid switch from prednisone (P) to dexamethasone (D) following progression on abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AA+P). OBJECTIVES: Conducting a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of steroid switch. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, Web of Science, and American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting abstracts published up to October 2020. Literature review, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers. Risk of bias (RoB) and quality of evidence were assessed. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed. RESULTS: Nine studies were eligible for inclusion. All of the included patients were progression on AA+P. Pooled rates of PSA50 and PSA30 on abiraterone acetate plus dexamethasone (AA+D) were 0.24 (95%CI [0.18,0.30]) and 0.42 (95%CI [0.36,0.48]), respectively. Subgroup analysis indicated more favorable PSA50 and PSA30 rates on AA+D when switching from P to D only based on PSA progression. Median time to PSA progression on AA+D ranged from 2.73 to 11.38 months. Definitions of progression free survival were variable. Reported median progression free survival on AA+D ranged from 2.52 to 11.8 months. Median overall survival on AA+D varied from 4.11 to 20.9 months. All patients tolerated well on AA+D, and no grade 3 to 4 adverse events were reported. Baseline characteristics of patients, previous treatment and its response, and genetic alterations might all play roles in the response in the response toward the AA+D regimen. CONCLUSIONS: The present systematic review suggested that steroid switch from P to D might be an effective and safe treatment strategy in a subset of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after PSA progression on AA+P.

3.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 1719-1731, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658847

RESUMO

Although it has always been believed that radiation has immunosuppressive effects, more and more preclinical and clinical trials have shown that the combination of radiotherapy and immunotherapy has a potential synergistic effect to treat cancers including urological malignancies. When radiotherapy is combined with immunotherapy, improved prognosis has been observed in different urinary tumors. However, there is no standard treatment, such as the optimal dose/fractionation and the sequence of immunotherapy and radiotherapy. In this review, we discussed the effects of radiotherapy on the cancer immune system and emphasized the synergy of radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy. Although it has significantly improved the prognosis of tumors, there are still some unresolved questions about how to best use this combination in clinical practice. Ongoing trials will provide further information on the interaction of radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy, and are expected to guide clinical practice and improve clinical outcomes.

4.
Transl Androl Urol ; 10(2): 983-990, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718099

RESUMO

Mesenchymal neoplasms of the scrotum are extremely rare in the clinical practices, in which lipoma is the most common benign neoplasm of them. Primary scrotal lipoma refers to the lipoma originated from scrotal wall. We reported a rare case of a 47-year-old man who suffered from bilateral giant primary scrotal lipoma along with lipomas in multiple sites of the body. Scrotal ultrasound indicated that huge hypoechogenic masses were observed in the bilateral scrotums. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) indicated increased fat density in the scrotal areas. Surgical resection was performed on both scrotal neoplasms. Diagnosis of lipoma was confirmed by the pathological examination through the morphological observation as well as the absence of murine double minute2 (MDM2) gene amplification in the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test. After five months of follow-up, the wound of the patient recovered well and no sign of local recurrence was observed. Based on the literature review, very few cases of primary scrotal lipoma were reported in the scientific literature up to date, and this is the first report of bilateral primary scrotal lipoma along with multiple lipomas of the body. We presented this case as a rare phenomenon. Although primary scrotal lipoma is rare, clinicians should take it into account when encountering similar scrotal lesions and know the methods for diagnosis and how to make differential diagnosis with other diseases, which is associated with the patient's treatment strategy and prognosis.

5.
Andrology ; 9(1): 221-232, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the neurovascular bundle (NVB) sparing could improve post-operative urinary continence and potency. Furthermore, concern remains regarding the impact of nerve-sparing (NS) radical cystectomy (RC) on oncological outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate whether in men undergoing NS RC could improve post-operative urinary continence and potency. The secondary objective was to assess whether NS RC could compromise the oncological control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed and Web of Science was performed in February 2020, yielding 1446 unique records. A total of 13 comparative cohort studies were included. Risk of bias in each study was assessed separately by two authors using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). RESULTS: Data from 921 participants in 12 studies were synthesized in the present meta-analysis. Meta-analysis revealed that NS compared with non-nerve sparing (NNS) results in improved post-operative potency, daytime continence, and nocturnal continence. RRs were 9.35 (P < .00001) in potency, 1.11 (P = .045) in daytime continence, and 1.33 (P = .002) in nocturnal continence, respectively. Furthermore, no differences were found in the included studies reporting oncological outcomes. RRs were 0.88 (P = .61) in local and/or distant recurrence between two groups. A sensitivity analysis of prospective studies indicated consistent results. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis indicates that NS RC can improve post-operative potency, and daytime and nocturnal urinary continence, without compromising oncological control, compared with NNS RC in men.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Disfunção Erétil/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Cistectomia/reabilitação , Humanos , Masculino
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