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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5027-5037, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738398

RESUMO

To obtain the chemical profile of Tibetan medicinal plant ″Bangga″, the present study established the HPLC fingerprint of ″Bangga″ and inferred common chemical constituents of its two original plants, Aconitum tanguticum and A. naviculare by LC-MS. The HPLC analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100 C_8 column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm) with acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B) as mobile phase in a gradient elution mode. Besides, the flow rate was set at 1 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 255 nm and the injection volume was 10 µL. Seventeen batches of ″Bangga″ samples were analyzed and the HPLC fingerprint was established under the above conditions. Similarity evaluation was performed using Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012). As a result, 16 common peaks were selec-ted and the similarity values of 17 batches of ″Bangga″ were in the range of 0.702-0.966. Furthermore, one batch of A. tanguticum and one batch of A. naviculare were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and 74 common compounds were inferred, including 10 phenolic acids, 26 flavonoids, and 38 alkaloids. The established method, with good separation and strong specificity, is simple and feasible, and can be used for the quality control of ″Bangga″ and identification of its two original plants. A. tanguticum and A. naviculare are similar in chemical composition and component content, but are quite different in the content of flavonoids.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tibet
2.
J Virol ; 93(16)2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167908

RESUMO

Hemoglobin is an important oxygen-carrying protein and plays crucial roles in establishing host resistance against pathogens and in regulating innate immune responses. The hemoglobin subunit beta (HB) is an essential component of hemoglobin, and we have previously demonstrated that the antiviral role of the porcine HB (pHB) is mediated by promoting type I interferon pathways. Thus, considering the high homology between human HB (hHB) and pHB, we hypothesized that hHB also plays an important role in the antiviral innate immunity. In this study, we characterized hHB as a regulatory factor for the replication of RNA viruses by differentially regulating the RIG-I- and MDA5-mediated antiviral signaling pathways. Furthermore, we showed that hHB directly inhibited MDA5-mediated signaling by reducing the MDA5-double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) interaction. Additionally, hHB required hHB-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) to promote RIG-I-mediated signaling through enhancement of K63-linked RIG-I ubiquitination. Taken together, our findings suggest that hHB is a pleiotropic regulator of RIG-I/MDA5-mediated antiviral responses and further highlight the importance of the intercellular microenvironment, including the redox state, in regulating antiviral innate immune responses.IMPORTANCE Hemoglobin, the most important oxygen-carrying protein, is involved in the regulation of innate immune responses. We have previously reported that the porcine hemoglobin subunit beta (HB) exerts antiviral activity through regulation of type I interferon production. However, the antiviral activities and the underlying mechanisms of HBs originating from other animals have been poorly understood. Here, we identified human HB (hHB) as a pleiotropic regulator of the replication of RNA viruses through regulation of RIG-I/MDA5-mediated signaling pathways. hHB enhances RIG-I-mediated antiviral responses by promoting RIG-I ubiquitination depending on the hHB-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS), while it blocks MDA5-mediated antiviral signaling by suppressing the MDA5-dsRNA interaction. Our results contribute to an understanding of the crucial roles of hHB in the regulation of the RIG-I/MDA5-mediated signaling pathways. We also provide novel insight into the correlation of the intercellular redox state with the regulation of antiviral innate immunity.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Proteína DEAD-box 58/metabolismo , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Imunidade Inata , Viroses/etiologia , Viroses/metabolismo , Globinas beta/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Resistência à Doença , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Vírus de RNA , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitinação , Replicação Viral , Globinas beta/genética
3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 162-167, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential effects of sclerostin (SOST) on the biological funtions and related mechanisms of cementoblasts under mechanical stress. METHODS: OCCM-30 cells were treated with varying doses of SOST (0, 25, 50, and 100 ng·mL⁻¹) and were loaded with uniaxial compressive stress (2 000 µ strain with a frequency of 0.5 Hz) for six hours. Western blot was utilized to detect the expressions of ß-catenin, p-smad1/5/8, and smad1/5/8 proteins. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expressions of runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx-2), osteocalcin (OCN), bone sialoproteins (BSP), receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) mRNA. RESULTS: The expression of p-smad
1/5/8 was significantly downregulated with increasing SOST. ß-catenin and smad1/5/8 exhibited no difference. ALP activity decreased under mechanical compressive stress with increasing SOST concentrations. Runx-2 expression was reduced with increasing SOST concentrations, and a similar trend was observed for the BSP and OCN expressions. When the SOST concentration was enhanced, RANKL expression gradually increased, whereas the expression of OPG decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Under mechanical comprehensive stress, SOST can adjust the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) /smad signal pathway. Osteosclerosis inhibits the mineralization of cementoblasts under mechanical compressive stress, which may be achieved by inhibiting the expressions of osteogenesis factors (Runx2, OCN, BSP, and others) and by promoting the ratio of cementoclast-related factors (RANKL/OPG) through BMP signal pathways.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas , Cemento Dentário , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Osteocalcina , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Estresse Mecânico
4.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(2): 196-203, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016510

RESUMO

With the intensification of the aging process of the world, Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is the main type of senile dementia, has become a primary problem in the present society. Lots of strategies have been used to prevent and treat AD in animal models and clinical trials, but most of them ended in failure. Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) contain a variety of monomer compositions which have been separated and identified. Among of the monomer compositions, notoginseng saponin Rg1 (Rg1) accounts for 20% of the cultivation of panax notoginseng roots. And now PNS have been reported to be widely used to treat cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and have neuroprotective effects to restrain the ß-amyloid peptide (Aß)25-35-mediated apoptosis. Moreover, it is reported that PNS could accelerate the growth of nerve cells, increase the length of axons and promote synaptic plasticity. Whether Rg1 can ameliorate the cognitive impairment and the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. To study the preventive effect of Rg1 on cognitive impairment and the possible mechanism, we established the cognitive impairment model in rats through Aß1-42 (2.6 µg/µL, 5 µL) injection and then treated the rats with Rg1 (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) administered intragastrically for 4 weeks. We observed that Aß1-42 could induce spatial learning and memory deficits in rats. Simultaneously, Aß1-42 injection also resulted in the reduced neuron number in cornuammonis 1 (CA1) and dentate gyrus (DG) of hippocampus, as well as the increased level of hyperphosphorylated ß-amyloid precursor protein (APP) at Thr668 site with up-regulation of ß-APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) and presenilin 1 (PS1) and down-regulation of a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain-containing protein 10 (ADAM10) and insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE). Administration of Rg1 effectively rescued the cognitive impairment and neuronal loss, and inhibited the ß-secretase processing of APP through reducing APP-Thr668 phosphorylation and BACE1/PS1 expression, and increasing the expression of ADAM10 and IDE. We concluded that Rg1 might have neuroprotective effects and could promote learning and memory ability, which might be a viable candidate in AD therapy probably through reducing the generation of Aß and increasing the degradation of Aß.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Panax notoginseng/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/prevenção & controle , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Giro Denteado/efeitos dos fármacos , Giro Denteado/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Aprendizagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos da Memória/metabolismo , Transtornos da Memória/prevenção & controle , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Presenilina-1/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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