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1.
J Med Virol ; 94(1): 246-252, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460118

RESUMO

Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic. Several studies indicate that the digestive system can also be affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Therefore, patients with digestive symptoms should have a capsule endoscopy (CE). COVID-19 patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms who underwent CE were recruited from March 2020 to April 2020. We collected patients' data and performed a prospective follow-up study for 6 months. All 11 COVID-19 cases with GI symptoms who underwent CE presented gastritis. Eight cases (72.7%) had intestinal mucosa inflammation. Among them, two cases showed intestinal ulcers or erosions. Moreover, two cases displayed colonic mucositis. One case was lost during follow-up. At 3-6 months after hospital discharge, five patients underwent CE again, presenting gastrointestinal lesions. Five of the 10 cases had GI symptoms, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and others. Among these five cases, the GI symptoms of three patients disappeared at the last follow-up and two patients still presented diarrhea symptoms. Overall, we observed damaged digestive tract mucosa that could be caused by SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, after discharge, some patients still presented intestinal lesions and GI symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/patologia , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrite/complicações , Gastrite/diagnóstico , Gastrite/patologia , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 730091, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746022

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of gut microbiota and serum metabolite levels in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (B-CS) and their importance for guiding clinical management strategies. In total, 214 B-CS patients (93 untreated and 121 treated) and 41 healthy controls were enrolled. Gut microbiota and serum metabolome were analysed using shotgun metagenomics and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The gut microbiota of the patients showed abundance of Campylobacter and low levels of Saccharomyces, Deinococcus, and Thiomonas (P < 0.05). Thirty metabolites, including taurocholate and (R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid, were identified in the patients (VIP > 1, P < 0.05 and FC > 1.2 or FC < 0.83). Random forest (RF) models showed that serum metabolome could effectively identify B-CS from healthy controls and RF-metabolomics exhibited perfect discrimination (AUC = 100%, 95% CI: 100% - 100%), which was significantly higher than that achieved by RF-metagenomics (AUC = 58.48%, 95% CI: 38.46% - 78.5%). Campylobacter concisus and taurocholate showed significant positive correlation in patients with clinical manifestations (P < 0.05). Actinobacteria levels were significantly higher in untreated patients than in treated patients (P < 0.05). Campylobacter and Veillonella levels were significantly higher in treated patients than in healthy controls (P < 0.05). We identified major alterations in the gut microbiota and serum metabolome of patients with B-CS. Faecal metagenomics- and serum metabolomics-guided management strategies are required for patients with B-CS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Budd-Chiari , Campylobacter , Humanos , Metabolômica , Metagenômica
3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 343, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of D-dimer for acute aortic dissection (AAD) by the method of meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang databases from the establishment of the databases to December 2020 were systematically searched, and the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) system was used to evaluate the quality of the literature. STATA 15.0 software was applied to calculate the pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR) to draw summary receiver operating characteristics (SROC) curve and calculate the area under the curve (AUC). Meta-regression and subgroup analyses were used to explore the source of heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 16 clinical studies were enrolled in this study, including 1135 patients. The results of the meta-analysis showed that the pooled sensitivity was 0.96 (95% CI 0.91-0.98), the pooled specificity was 0.70 (95% CI 0.57-0.81), and the pooled DOR was 56.57 (95% CI 25.11-127.44), the pooled +LR was 3.25 (95% CI 2.18-4.85), the pooled -LR was 0.06 (95% CI 0.03-0.12), and the AUC was 0.94 (95% CI 0.91-0.95). Meta-regression and subgroup analysis results showed that publication year, sample size and cutoff value might be sources of heterogeneity. When the concentration of D-dimer was less than or equal to 500 ng/ml, the sensitivity significantly increased. CONCLUSION: D-dimer has an excellent diagnostic value for AAD. It is a useful tool for detecting suspected AAD because of the excellent pooled sensitivity. D-dimer ≤ 500 ng/ml increases the potential to identify the suspected patients with AAD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , China , Humanos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Spiral saphenous vein grafts (SSVG) or paneled vein grafts (PVG) can be used when the diameter of the autologous great saphenous vein does not match the vessel that needs to be repaired. This study aimed to present early results of complex vascular reconstruction with SSVGs and PVGs in the lower extremities. METHODS: From May 2019 through January 2021, six SSVGs and three PVGs were used for vascular reconstruction in nine patients. Patient data were collected retrospectively, including age, gender, cause of vascular pathology, target vessels, concomitant injury, surgical method, additional surgical methods, and hemodynamic status. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the rate of freedom from reintervention. RESULTS: Among these patients, seven had trauma, one had graft infection, and one had vascular reconstruction after tumor excision. The mean duration of follow-up was 6 ± 6.6 months (range 1-19 months). The rate of freedom from reintervention for any reason was 77.8% at 1 year. Two patients underwent amputation after vascular reconstruction with patent vascular reconstructions. One of the two amputations was performed because of infection, and the other was due to ischemia >24 hours. The success rate of reconstruction was 100%, and the primary patency rate was 100%. The rate of limb salvage was 77.8%. There was no death, bleeding, embolism, skin ulcers, graft-related complication, or aneurysmal dilation during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: SSVG and PVG were associated with low infection rates and satisfactory short-term patency rates. These two grafts may be good choices when there is a diameter mismatch in vascular reconstructions.

6.
Exp Physiol ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605097

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? How does miR-302a-3p play a role in hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced pyroptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells? What is the main finding and its importance? Hypoxia-reoxygenation treatment upregulated the expression of miR-302a-3p in HK-2 cells, and then inhibited the transcription of FMRP translational regulator 1 (FMR1), so as to promote the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and aggravate the pyroptosis of HK-2 cells. miR-302a-3p was used as a molecular target in this study, which provides a new theoretical basis for the treatment of renal failure. ABSTRACT: Hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induction can affect miRNA expression and then control NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis. This study investigated the mechanism of miR-302a-3p in H/R-induced renal tubular epithelial cell (RTEC) pyroptosis. Human HK-2 RTECs were induced by H/R. Lactate dehydrogenase content, cell activity and pyroptosis, and levels of NLRP3, GSDMD-N, caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-18, superoxide dismutase, and malondialdehyde were detected to verify the effect of H/R on HK-2 cells. The NLRP3 inflammasome action was evaluated after H/R-induced HK-2 cells were treated with BAY11-7082, an inflammasome inhibitor. After inhibiting miR-302a-3p expression, the changes of pyroptosis were observed. The binding relation between miR-302a-3p and FMRP translational regulator 1 (FMR1) was verified. A function-rescue experiment verified the role of FMR1 in the regulation of pyroptosis. H/R-induced HK-2 cells showed significant pyroptosis injury, and the NLRP3 inflammasome was activated. After inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome, H/R-induced apoptosis was inhibited. After H/R treatment, miR-302a-3p in HK-2 cells was increased, and miR-302a-3p downregulation limited H/R-induced NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis. FMR1 is the target of miR-302a-3p. Inhibition of FMR1 alleviated the inhibition of H/R-induced HK-2 cell pyroptosis by miR-302a-3p inhibitor. Collectively, inhibiting miR-302a-3p can weaken its targeted inhibition on FMR1, thereby inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and reducing caspase-1-dependent pyroptosis in HK-2 cells.

7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 750709, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660608

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to construct a novel signature to predict the survival of patients with colon cancer and the associated immune landscape, based on immune-related long noncoding ribonucleic acids (irlncRNAs). Methods: Expression profiles of irlncRNAs in 457 patients with colon cancer were retrieved from the TCGA database (https://portal.gdc.cancer.gov). Differentially expressed (DE) irlncRNAs were identified and irlncRNA pairs were recognized using Lasso regression and Cox regression analyses. Akaike information criterion (AIC) values of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were calculated to identify the ideal cut-off point for dividing patients into two groups and constructing the prognosis signature. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to validate the expression of LINC02195 and SCARNA9 in colon cancer. Results: We identified 22 irlncRNA pairs and patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the calculated risk score using these 22 irlncRNA pairs. The irlncRNA pairs were significantly related to patient survival. Low-risk patients had a significantly longer survival time than high-risk patients (p < 0.001). The area under the curve of the signature to predict 5-year survival was 0.951. The risk score correlated with tumor stage, infiltration depth, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis. The risk score remained significant after univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. A nomogram model to predict patient survival was developed based on the results of Cox regression analysis. Immune cell infiltration status, expression of some immune checkpoint genes, and sensitivity to chemotherapeutics were also related to the risk score. The results of qRT-PCR revealed that LINC02195 and SCARNA9 were significantly upregulated in colon cancer tissues. Conclusion: The constructed prognosis signature showed remarkable efficiency in predicting patient survival, immune cell infiltration status, expression of immune checkpoint genes, and sensitivity to chemotherapeutics.

8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644658

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is often caused by atherosclerosis. However, causes other than atherosclerosis is often overlooked. Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) and popliteal artery adventitial cystic disease (PACD) are two common nonatheromatous causes of claudication and critical limb ischemia. The purpose of this study is to present early results of treatment of PAES and PACD involving the lower limbs. METHODS: From December 2019 to February 2021, 10 patients with PAES underwent surgeries, and 1 patient with PAES received conservative treatment. 2 patients with PACD underwent surgery. Patient data including age, gender, etiology of vascular pathology, diseased vessel, surgical method, and hemodynamic status were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean follow-up duration was 5.64 ± 3.72 months (range, 1-12 months). All patients had their symptoms improved or resolved. The success rate of surgery was 100%, the rate of freedom from reintervention for any reason was 100%. There were no death, bleeding, embolism, or skin ulcers during late follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: PAES and PACD require early diagnosis and intervention, and early surgery may lead to good early- and mid-term results.

9.
J Dig Dis ; 22(11): 630-636, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to assess the prevalence of functional bowel disorders (FBD) in a group of Chinese first-year undergraduates and the association between common beverage intake and FBD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among first-year undergraduates in Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Wuhan, Hubei Province, China). In total, 3102 questionnaires on their lifestyle, dietary habits and gastrointestinal symptoms were collected and analyzed. FBD was diagnosed based on the Rome IV criteria. A logistic regression analysis was performed to compare the differences in beverage intake in participants with and without FBD in order to identify possible risk factors for FBD. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of FBD was 7.64%. The logistic regression analysis showed that those who drank coffee at a frequency of once a month to thrice a week had a higher prevalence of FBD than those who drank it less than once a month (odds ratio 1.405 [95% confidence interval 1.013-1.949]) after adjusted for age, sex, sleep quality, exercise, stress and other dietary habits. However, a further increase in coffee consumption did not lead to an elevated prevalence of FBD. CONCLUSIONS: Among the first-year undergraduates, FBD affected 7.64% of them. Coffee consumption might be related to an increased prevalence of FBD.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 707073, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527669

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify key genes involved in vascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), to describe their regulatory mechanisms, and to explore the immune microenvironment of HCC. Methodology: In this study, the genome, transcriptome, and immune microenvironment of HCC were assessed by using multi-platform data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 373) and GEO data (GSE149614). The key regulatory networks, transcription factors and core genes related to vascular invasion and prognosis were explored based on the CE mechanism. Survival analysis and gene set enrichment were used to explore pathways related to vascular invasion. Combined with single-cell transcriptome data, the distribution of core gene expression in various cells was observed. Cellular communication analysis was used to identify key cells associated with vascular invasion. Pseudo-temporal locus analysis was used to explore the regulation of core genes in key cell phenotypes. The influence of core genes on current immune checkpoint therapy was evaluated and correlations with tumor stem cell scores were explored. Results: We obtained a network containing 1,249 pairs of CE regulatory relationships, including 579 differential proteins, 28 non-coding RNAs, and 37 miRNAs. Three key transcription factors, ILF2, YBX1, and HMGA1, were identified, all regulated by HCG18 lncRNA. ScRNAseq showed that HCG18 co-localized with macrophages and stem cells. CIBERSORTx assessed 22 types of immune cells in HCC and found that HCG18 was positively correlated with M0 macrophages, while being negatively correlated with M1 and M2 macrophages, monocytes, and dendritic cells. Cluster analysis based on patient prognosis suggested that regulating phenotypic transformation of macrophages could be an effective intervention for treating HCC. At the same time, higher expression of HCG18, HMGA1, ILF2, and YBX1 was associated with a higher stem cell score and less tumor differentiation. Pan cancer analysis indicated that high expression of HCG18 implies high sensitivity to immune checkpoint therapy. Conclusion: HCG18 participates in vascular invasion of HCC by regulating macrophages and tumor stem cells through three key transcription factors, YBX1, ILF2, and HMGA1.

11.
Oncol Rep ; 46(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558645

RESUMO

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), an artemisinin derivate, has been investigated as a potential antitumor drug in primary liver cancer (PLC). Ferroptosis is a form of iron­dependent cell death that can be driven by lipid peroxidation inducers. The present study aimed to determine whether and how DHA could promote the death of PLC cells by inducing ferroptosis. In total, four PLC cell lines with different p53 statuses, including Hep3B (p53 null), Huh7 (p53 mutant), PLC/PRF/5 (p53 mutant) and HepG2 (p53 wild­type), were treated with various concentrations of DHA. The effects of DHA on all three branches of the unfolded protein response (UPR) were evaluated. To deactivate the UPRs, small interfering RNA was used to knockdown the expression of activating transcription factor (ATF)4, X­box binding protein 1 (XBP1) or ATF6 in PLC cells. The effect of DHA on the promoter activity of Chac glutathione specific γ­glutamylcyclotransferase 1 (CHAC1) was evaluated using a dual luciferase reporter assay. The results revealed that DHA­induced death in PLC cells was irrelevant of the p53 status. PLC cells exposed to DHA displayed classic features of ferroptosis, such as increased lipid reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde levels, an iron overload, and decreased activity or expression of glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase 4, solute carrier family (SLC) 7 member 11 and SLC family 3 member 2. The antitumor effects of DHA in PLC cells were significantly weakened by two typical ferroptosis inhibitors, ferrostatin­1 and deferoxamine mesylate salt, whereas the antitumor effects were augmented following iron overload. Furthermore, DHA activated all three branches of the UPR (eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 α kinase 3/eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2A/ATF4, inositol­requiring transmembrane kinase/endoribonuclease 1α/XBP1 and ATF6 branches) in vitro. Notably, DHA­induced ferroptosis was significantly attenuated following the knockdown of ATF4, XBP1 or ATF6 expression. In addition, the promoter activity of CHAC1, a gene capable of degrading GSH, was enhanced by DHA, but weakened when the aforementioned three UPR transcription factors were knocked down. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that DHA may effectively induce ferroptosis in PLC cells through the activation of anti­survival UPRs and the upregulation of CHAC1 expression.

12.
Front Artif Intell ; 4: 672050, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541519

RESUMO

Cohort-independent robust mortality prediction model in patients with COVID-19 infection is not yet established. To build up a reliable, interpretable mortality prediction model with strong foresight, we have performed an international, bi-institutional study from China (Wuhan cohort, collected from January to March) and Germany (Würzburg cohort, collected from March to September). A Random Forest-based machine learning approach was applied to 1,352 patients from the Wuhan cohort, generating a mortality prediction model based on their clinical features. The results showed that five clinical features at admission, including lymphocyte (%), neutrophil count, C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, could be used for mortality prediction of COVID-19 patients with more than 91% accuracy and 99% AUC. Additionally, the time-series analysis revealed that the predictive model based on these clinical features is very robust over time when patients are in the hospital, indicating the strong association of these five clinical features with the progression of treatment as well. Moreover, for different preexisting diseases, this model also demonstrated high predictive power. Finally, the mortality prediction model has been applied to the independent Würzburg cohort, resulting in high prediction accuracy (with above 90% accuracy and 85% AUC) as well, indicating the robustness of the model in different cohorts. In summary, this study has established the mortality prediction model that allowed early classification of COVID-19 patients, not only at admission but also along the treatment timeline, not only cohort-independent but also highly interpretable. This model represents a valuable tool for triaging and optimizing the resources in COVID-19 patients.

13.
Neurogastroenterol Motil ; : e14266, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beverage-drinking behavior could be a potential risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in young populations. However, GERD prevalence in this population has not been investigated, and beverage consumption's association with GERD remains inconclusive. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and beverage-related risk factors of GERD among Chinese college freshmen and in youth around the world. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Chinese college freshmen in September 2019 using random cluster sampling method. Participants completed questionnaires on demographic information, food intake frequency, and GER symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression models were applied to assess the association between beverages and GERD. Studies were retrieved from multiple databases for systemic review. The prevalence of GERD in young populations and beverage-related risk factors were pooled using random-effect models. KEY RESULTS: Based on the 3345 individuals who completed the questionnaires, GERD prevalence in Chinese college freshmen is 5.1%. Multivariate analysis showed students who drink green tea daily, and those who drink coffee regularly were more likely to develop GERD compared with those who never drink tea or coffee. The pooled prevalence of GERD in young populations is 18.0%, and frequent alcohol consumption is positively associated with GERD in general population. CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES: The prevalence of GERD in Chinese college freshmen is significantly lower than that in worldwide youth populations. Alcohol, green tea, and coffee consumption could be potential risk factors for GERD. Future large-scale epidemiological studies are warranted for reliable identification of beverage-related risk factors for GERD in young populations.

14.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 422, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) promotes migration, invasion, and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The molecular mechanisms behind EMT and metastasis in HCC remain unclear. METHODS: Microarray analysis was used to identify lncRNAs expression during polarization of U937 macrophages from M2 to M1 phenotype. The expression of the identified lncRNA was compared between clinical samples of HCC tissues or adjacent normal tissues, as well as between HCC and normal liver cell lines. lnc-Ma301 was overexpressed or knocked-down in HCC cell lines, and the effects were assessed in vitro and in vivo. Interactions among lnc-Ma301 and its potential downstream targets caprin-1 were investigated in HCC cell lines. Effects of lnc-Ma301 over- and underexpression on the Akt/Erk1 signaling pathways were examined. RESULTS: Microarray analyses identified lnc-Ma301 as one of the most overexpressed long non-coding RNAs during polarization of U937 macrophages from M2 to M1 phenotype. Lnc-Ma301 showed lower expression in HCC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues, and lower expression was associated with worse prognosis. Activation of lnc-Ma301 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and EMT in HCC cell cultures, and it inhibited lung metastasis of HCC tumors in mice. Mechanistic studies suggested that lnc-Ma301 interacts with caprin-1 to inhibit HCC metastasis and EMT through Akt/Erk1 pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Lnc-Ma301 may help regulate onset and metastasis of HCC.

15.
Stem Cell Res ; 56: 102507, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454392

RESUMO

Human trophoblast stem cells (hTSC) can be isolated from first trimester placenta but not from term placenta. Here we demonstrate that villous cytotrophoblasts (vCTB) from term placenta can be reprogrammed into induced trophoblastic stem-like cells (iTSC) by introducing sets of transcription factors. The iTSCs express TSC markers such as GATA3, TEAD4 and ELF5, and are multipotent, validated by their differentiation into both extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) and syncytiotrophoblasts (STB) in vitro and in vivo. The iTSC can be passaged indefinitely in vitro without slowing of growth. The transcriptome profile of these cells closely resembles the profile of hTSC isolated from first trimester placentae but different from the term placental vCTB from which they originated. The ability to reprogram cells from term placenta into iTSC will allow study of early gestation events which impact placental function later in gestation, including preeclampsia and spontaneous preterm birth.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Trofoblastos , Diferenciação Celular , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Proteínas Musculares , Placenta , Gravidez , Células-Tronco , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
16.
Sleep Med ; 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although sleep disorder is thought as a risk factor for functional bowel disorders, its impact role in adolescents remains unknown and the contribution of different sleep dimensions may deserve further attention. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between multiple sleep dimensions and functional bowel disorders among Chinese college freshmen. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in college freshmen from Huazhong University of Science and Technology in Wuhan, China in September 2019 with random cluster sampling method. All participants completed questionnaires about living habits, sleep and digestive symptoms. Diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation were based on the Rome IV criteria. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to assess the association of sleep dimensions with irritable bowel syndrome or functional constipation. RESULTS: Based on the 3335 individuals who completed the questionnaire, the overall prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation in college freshmen were 2.5% and 1.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that compared with individuals reporting good sleep quality, those reporting poor (OR = 7.269, 95%CI: 2.876-18.370) were associated with increased risk of irritable bowel syndrome. Similarly, those reporting fair (OR = 2.068, 95%CI: 1.010-4.236) and poor (OR = 5.664, 95%CI: 1.864-17.205) were associated with increased risk of functional constipation. There was no statistically significant association between other sleep dimensions (sleep duration, sleep timing, or sleep latency) and irritable bowel syndrome or functional constipation. CONCLUSION: Self-reported poor sleep quality was a stronger independent predictor of functional bowel disorders than other sleep dimensions among Chinese college freshmen. Future intervention studies should consider the role of sleep quality for the prevention of FBDs in adolescents.

17.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 105(3): 718-726, 2021 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242179

RESUMO

Most critically ill patients experience malnutrition, resulting in a poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the association of prealbumin (PAB) with the prognosis for severely and critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients and explore factors related to this association. Patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from West Campus of Union Hospital in Wuhan from January 29, 2020 to March 31, 2020 were enrolled in this study. Patients were classified into the PAB1 (150-400 mg/L; N = 183) and PAB2 (< 150 mg/L; N = 225) groups. Data collection was performed using the hospital's electronic medical records system. The predictive value of PAB was evaluated by measuring the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (AUROC) curve. Patients were defined as severely or critically ill based on the Guidance for COVID-19 (7th edition) by the National Health Commission of China. During this analysis, 316 patients had severe cases and 65 had critical cases. A reduced PAB level was associated with a higher risk of mortality and a longer hospital stay. The AUROC curve for the prognosis based on the PAB level was 0.93, with sensitivity of 97.2% and specificity of 77.6%. For severe cases, a lower level of PAB was associated with a higher risk of malnutrition, higher NK cell counts, and lower B lymphocyte counts; these factors were not significant in critical cases. C-reactive protein and nutritional status mediated the association between PAB and prognosis. This retrospective analysis suggests that the PAB level on admission is an indicator of the prognosis for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Pré-Albumina/análise , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , COVID-19/sangue , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
J Affect Disord ; 292: 305-310, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are seemed as important causes of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). However, the role of stress in FGIDs in high school students under the pressure of college entrance examination is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between the stress and FGIDs in high school graduates. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in randomly selected high school fresh graduates. Questionnaires concerned health condition, living habits, gastrointestinal symptoms and life stress were given out and be finished voluntarily. Participants were diagnosed as FGIDs based on the Rome IV criteria. RESULTS: Stress level of FGIDs population was higher than control group and stress was independent predicted factor of high risk of FGIDs. The stressor "changes" was significantly correlated with functional gastroduodenal disorders (OR1.118(1.011-1.238)). Stressor "frustration" was significantly correlated with functional bowel disorders (OR1.038(1.006-1.071)). "Physiological reaction" was correlated with functional bowel disease and functional gastroduodenal disorders + functional bowel disorders (OR1.027(1.007-1.046) and OR1.055(1.000-1.113)). Students with more than one gastrointestinal symptom exhibited higher stress level. Moreover, there was mediation effect of stress in the association between gender, sleep quality, allergies and FGIDs. LIMITATIONS: This was a cross-section study and the sample included in the study were only from Wuhan, China. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings illustrated the predicted and mediated role of stress in FGIDs in high school fresh graduates. Different stressors and reactions to stressors contributed to different FGIDs. Intervening measures aimed at stress coping strategies were warranted for students in daily school life.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , China , Estudos Transversais , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(11): 3127-3139, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34169583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Studies on the regulation of mucin2 expression in intestinal goblet cells by the endocrine system and the immune system have been comprehensive, but the effects of abundant mechanical factors in the intestinal microenvironment on goblet cells are not clear. METHODS: We constructed mechanical stimulation models in vivo and in vitro to explore the effect of mechanical stimulation on intestinal goblet cells. Piezo1 expression and function were regulated through model mouse and drugs to explored whether Piezo1 mediated mechanical stimulation. RESULTS: The results showed that hydrostatic pressure could promote mucus secretion in the mouse colon, and both traction force and shear force could promote the expression of mucin2 in the LS174T cell line. We further found that the Piezo1 protein, which was abundantly expressed in goblet cells, acted as a mechanoreceptor. Knockout of Piezo1 in the intestinal epithelial cells of mice could reduce the promotion of mucus secretion by pressure stimulation, and the specific downregulation of Piezo1 protein in LS174T cells or Piezo1 inhibitor treatment could significantly reduce the promotion of mucin2 expression in goblet cells by mechanical stimulation; however, treatment with a Piezo1 agonist had the opposite effect. Moreover, we found that Piezo1 regulated mucin2 expression through the downstream Erk/Ca2+ pathway. CONCLUSION: In short, our study confirmed for the first time that goblet cells are mechanoreceptive cells that can directly sense mechanical stimulation in the intestinal tract and respond back through the Piezo1-Erk/Ca2+ -mucin2 pathway.

20.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(2): 187-193, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34007800

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Although ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment in primary biliary cholangitis is effective in many patients, there are still many people who respond poorly to it. Identifying and intervening these patients early is important. Therefore, exploring the risk factors and proposing a predictor index to predict the UDCA treatment nonresponse earlier among primary biliary cholangitis patients were the aims of this research. Methods: A total of 135 primary biliary cholangitis patients treated with UDCA (13-15 mg/kg/d) were enrolled in this retrospective study. The response to treatment was evaluated based on Paris I criteria. The univariate and logistic multivariate regression analyses were adopted to determine the independent risk factors and propose a predictor index. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the predictive ability of the predictor index. Results: Total bilirubin, albumin, globulin, immunoglobin M, and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index were the five independent risk factors associating with early biochemical nonresponse to UDCA treatment. Based on these factors, we established a predictor index with the predictive value being 0.886 (sensitivity: 82.80%, specificity: 84.40%). Conclusions: We developed a predictor index that had an accurate prediction of the early biochemical nonresponse to UDCA treatment, which is expected to provide valuable information for the high-risk group before treatment begins.

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