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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(17): 171801, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739288

RESUMO

Using a dataset of 6.32 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} annihilation data collected with the BESIII detector at center-of-mass energies between 4178 and 4226 MeV, we have measured the absolute branching fraction of the leptonic decay D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ} via τ^{+}→e^{+}ν_{e}ν[over ¯]_{τ}, and find B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}}=(5.27±0.10±0.12)×10^{-2}, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The precision is improved by a factor of 2 compared to the previous best measurement. Combining with f_{D_{s}^{+}} from lattice quantum chromodynamics calculations or the |V_{cs}| from the CKMfitter group, we extract |V_{cs}|=0.978±0.009±0.012 and f_{D_{s}^{+}}=(251.1±2.4±3.0) MeV, respectively. Combining our result with the world averages of B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}} and B_{D_{s}^{+}→µ^{+}ν_{µ}}, we obtain the ratio of the branching fractions B_{D_{s}^{+}→τ^{+}ν_{τ}}/B_{D_{s}^{+}→µ^{+}ν_{µ}}=9.72±0.37, which is consistent with the standard model prediction of lepton flavor universality.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 121802, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597097

RESUMO

The absolute branching fraction of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} is reported for the first time based on an e^{+}e^{-} annihilation sample of 10×10^{9} J/ψ events collected with the BESIII detector at sqrt[s]=3.097 GeV. The branching fraction is determined to be B(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})=[1.48±0.21(stat)±0.08(syst)]×10^{-4}, which is improved by about 30% in precision over the previous indirect measurements. Combining this result with the world average of B(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e}), we obtain the ratio {[Γ(Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ})]/[Γ(Λ→pe^{-}ν[over ¯]_{e})]} to be 0.178±0.028, which agrees with the standard model prediction assuming lepton flavor universality. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of Λ→pµ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{µ} and Λ[over ¯]→p[over ¯]µ^{+}ν_{µ} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 131801, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623854

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data taken with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV, the observation of the D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} semileptonic decay is presented. The statistical significance of the decay D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is greater than 10σ. The branching fraction of D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is measured to be (1.09±0.13_{-0.16}^{+0.09}±0.12)×10^{-3}. Here, the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third originates from the assumed branching fraction of K_{1}(1270)^{-}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{-}. The fraction of longitudinal polarization in D^{0}→K_{1}(1270)^{-}e^{+}ν_{e} is determined for the first time to be 0.50±0.19_{stat}±0.08_{syst}.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(10): 102001, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784133

RESUMO

We report a study of the processes of e^{+}e^{-}→K^{+}D_{s}^{-}D^{*0} and K^{+}D_{s}^{*-}D^{0} based on e^{+}e^{-} annihilation samples collected with the BESIII detector operating at BEPCII at five center-of-mass energies ranging from 4.628 to 4.698 GeV with a total integrated luminosity of 3.7 fb^{-1}. An excess of events over the known contributions of the conventional charmed mesons is observed near the D_{s}^{-}D^{*0} and D_{s}^{*-}D^{0} mass thresholds in the K^{+} recoil-mass spectrum for events collected at sqrt[s]=4.681 GeV. The structure matches a mass-dependent-width Breit-Wigner line shape, whose pole mass and width are determined as (3982.5_{-2.6}^{+1.8}±2.1) MeV/c^{2} and (12.8_{-4.4}^{+5.3}±3.0) MeV, respectively. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. The significance of the resonance hypothesis is estimated to be 5.3 σ over the contributions only from the conventional charmed mesons. This is the first candidate for a charged hidden-charm tetraquark with strangeness, decaying into D_{s}^{-}D^{*0} and D_{s}^{*-}D^{0}. However, the properties of the excess need further exploration with more statistics.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(14): 141802, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064551

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data collected at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, the first observation of the doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decay D^{+}→K^{+}π^{+}π^{-}π^{0} is reported. After removing decays that contain narrow intermediate resonances, including D^{+}→K^{+}η, D^{+}→K^{+}ω, and D^{+}→K^{+}ϕ, the branching fraction of the decay D^{+}→K^{+}π^{+}π^{-}π^{0} is measured to be (1.13±0.08_{stat}±0.03_{syst})×10^{-3}. The ratio of branching fractions of D^{+}→K^{+}π^{+}π^{-}π^{0} over D^{+}→K^{-}π^{+}π^{+}π^{0} is found to be (1.81±0.15)%, which corresponds to (6.28±0.52)tan^{4}θ_{C}, where θ_{C} is the Cabibbo mixing angle. This ratio is significantly larger than the corresponding ratios for other doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decays. The asymmetry of the branching fractions of charge-conjugated decays D^{±}→K^{±}π^{±}π^{∓}π^{0} is also determined, and no evidence for CP violation is found. In addition, the first evidence for the D^{+}→K^{+}ω decay, with a statistical significance of 3.3σ, is presented and the branching fraction is measured to be B(D^{+}→K^{+}ω)=(5.7_{-2.1}^{+2.5}_{stat}±0.2_{syst})×10^{-5}.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(23): 231801, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603168

RESUMO

By analyzing a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb^{-1} collected at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, we measure for the first time the absolute branching fraction of the D^{+}→ηµ^{+}ν_{µ} decay to be B_{D^{+}→ηµ^{+}ν_{µ}}=(10.4±1.0_{stat}±0.5_{syst})×10^{-4}. Using the world averaged value of B_{D^{+}→ηe^{+}ν_{e}}, the ratio of the two branching fractions is determined to be B_{D^{+}→ηµ^{+}ν_{µ}}/B_{D^{+}→ηe^{+}ν_{e}}=0.91±0.13_{(stat+syst)}, which agrees with the theoretical expectation of lepton flavor universality within uncertainty. By studying the differential decay rates in five four-momentum transfer intervals, we obtain the product of the hadronic form factor f_{+}^{η}(0) and the c→d Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element |V_{cd}| to be f_{+}^{η}(0)|V_{cd}|=0.087±0.008_{stat}±0.002_{syst}. Taking the input of |V_{cd}| from the global fit in the standard model, we determine f_{+}^{η}(0)=0.39±0.04_{stat}±0.01_{syst}. On the other hand, using the value of f_{+}^{η}(0) calculated in theory, we find |V_{cd}|=0.242±0.022_{stat}±0.006_{syst}±0.033_{theory}.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(24): 241803, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639841

RESUMO

Using 2.93 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data taken at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, we report the first measurements of the absolute branching fractions of 14 hadronic D^{0(+)} decays to exclusive final states with an η, e.g., D^{0}→K^{-}π^{+}η, K_{S}^{0}π^{0}η, K^{+}K^{-}η, K_{S}^{0}K_{S}^{0}η, K^{-}π^{+}π^{0}η, K_{S}^{0}π^{+}π^{-}η, K_{S}^{0}π^{0}π^{0}η, and π^{+}π^{-}π^{0}η; D^{+}→K_{S}^{0}π^{+}η, K_{S}^{0}K^{+}η, K^{-}π^{+}π^{+}η, K_{S}^{0}π^{+}π^{0}η, π^{+}π^{+}π^{-}η, and π^{+}π^{0}π^{0}η. Among these decays, the D^{0}→K^{-}π^{+}η and D^{+}→K_{S}^{0}π^{+}η decays have the largest branching fractions, which are B(D^{0}→K^{-}π^{+}η)=(1.853±0.025_{stat}±0.031_{syst})% and B(D^{+}→K_{S}^{0}π^{+}η)=(1.309±0.037_{stat}±0.031_{syst})%, respectively. The charge-parity asymmetries for the six decays with highest event yields are determined, and no statistically significant charge-parity violation is found.

8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(12): 2024-2028, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340093

RESUMO

Objective: To explore clustered epidemic of COVID-19 in Liaocheng city and analyze infection status and chain of transmission of the cases. Methods: A joint investigation team of emergency response for COVID-19 epidemic by CDC professional workers of Liaocheng city and district at two levels on January 30, 2020. According to a indicator case from ZH supermarkets, close contacts and related subjects were tracked and screened on February 1, including ZH supermarket employees, family members having contact history with related cases during January 13-26, supermarket clients during January 16-30 and family members of related cases. an epidemiological investigation was carried on and their swab of nose/throat were collected and were sent to Liaocheng CDC laboratory, real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect nucleic acids of SARS-CoV-2. Results: a total of 8 437 people were screened during January 30 to February 9, 2020 (120 employees of supermarket, 93 family members, and 8224 clients of supermarket). The epidemic was caused by ZH cases and brought clustered cases in four families. A total 25 cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection, the total infection rate of subjects was 0.30% (25/8 437) with 22 confirmed cases (0.26%, 22/8 437) and 3 asymptomatic patients (0.04%, 3/8 437), asymptomatic patients accounted for 12.00% (3/25) of all infection cases. The infection rates of supermarket employees, family members of confirmed cases and supermarket clients were 9.17% (11/120), 12.90% (12/93) and 0.02% (2/8 224). Conclusions: This was a cluster epidemic caused by one imported case of COVID-19 in a supermarket of Liaocheng city. Prevention and control of cluster epidemic should be focused on chain of community transmission and family cluster cases. It must also be an attention for transmission risk of asymptomatic patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Supermercados
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(41): 3255-3259, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694122

RESUMO

Objective: To explore whether exercise could influence outcomes and improve life quality of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: This study included 210 patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis from October to December 2018 in Shijiazhuang Derui Exercise Rehabilitation Medical Center. These patients were divided into two groups with random number table: experiment and control group. Patients in experimental group got exercise rehabilitation training and routine therapy,but patients in control group got routine treatment only that included physical therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We applied different kinds of measure to follow-up these patients,which included Lysholm scale, the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), SF-36 life quality questionnaire, and knee range of motion.The degree of pain and symptoms and the knee function and the quality of life in the two groups were recorded too. Paired sample t test was used to compare the data between the two groups. Results: There were 105 patients in each group, but 13 cases (12.4%) in experimental group and 6 patients (5.7%) in control group were lost,respectively.All the patients were followed up for (12.0±2.3) weeks. There was no significant differences in age, body mass index, gender between the two groups. At the final follow-up, the WOMAC score in the experiment group was 84.4±6.8, and it was 108.3±1.7 in the control group (t=-4.71, P<0.05);the Lysholm score of the experimental group was 65.5±4.7, and it was 41.2±1.4 in the control group (t=7.29, P<0.05); the knee range of motion in the experiment group and control group was 121°±7° and 114°±3°, respectively (t=1.83, P<0.05); the SF-36 score in the two groups was 90.0±2.8 and 75.6±1.5, respectively (t=6.15, P<0.05). Conclusion: Exercise rehabilitation plus routine therapy for patients with knee osteoarthritis can effectively improve outcome, promote functional recovery and improve quality of life.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Mitochondrial DNA ; 26(3): 357-66, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24004309

RESUMO

The species boundaries and evolutionary relationships of two closely related genera, Megalobrama and Parabramis, were inferred from the partial mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2) gene and their concatenated segment. Phylogenetic reconstructions showed that among the three breams, Megalobrama amblycephala and Megalobrama skolkovii are more closely related to each other than either is to Megalobrama terminalis. The taxonomy of M. pellegrini should be reconsidered. The divergence time estimation based on the assumption of a global molecular clock indicated that speciation and dispersal of the two genera might have occurred at approximately Pliocene to Late Pleistocene, due to major paleo-environmental events associated with monsoon evolution and the formation of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/classificação , Evolução Molecular , Animais , Sequência de Bases , China , Cyprinidae/genética , DNA/análise , DNA/isolamento & purificação , DNA/metabolismo , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Ligação Genética , Haplótipos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , NADH Desidrogenase/genética , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Alinhamento de Sequência
11.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 66(4): 667-80, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19151918

RESUMO

ADAMTS-12, a metalloproteinase that belongs to ADAMTS family, is strongly upregulated during chondrogenesis and demonstrates prominent expression in the growth plate chondrocytes. ADAMTS-12 potently inhibits chondrocyte differentiation, as revealed by altered expression of both early and later genes critical for chondrogenesis. In addition, ADAMTS-12-mediated inhibition of chondrogenesis depends on its enzymatic activity, since its point mutant lacking enzymatic activity completely loses this activity. Furthermore, the C-terminal four thrombospondin motifs known to bind COMP substrate is necessary for its full proteolytic activity and inhibition of chondrocyte differentiation. Mechanism studies demonstrate that ADAMTS-12 induces PTHrP, whereas it inhibits IHH during chondrogenesis. Furthermore, PTHrP induces ADAMTS-12 and ADAMTS-12 is hardly detectable in PTHrP-/-growth plate chondrocytes. Importantly, knocking down ADAMTS-12 mRNA levels or blocking ADAMTS-12 activity almost abolishes the PTHrP-mediated inhibition of type X collagen expression. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that ADAMTS-12, a downstream molecule of PTHrP signaling, is a novel regulator of chondrogenesis.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Condrócitos/fisiologia , Condrogênese/fisiologia , Proteínas ADAM/genética , Proteínas ADAMTS , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Condrócitos/citologia , Colágeno Tipo II/genética , Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo X/genética , Colágeno Tipo X/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína Relacionada ao Hormônio Paratireóideo/genética , Proteína Relacionada ao Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
12.
Oncogene ; 28(7): 937-49, 2009 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19060924

RESUMO

XB130 is a recently cloned 130 kDa-adaptor protein and Src kinase substrate, structurally similar to actin-filament-associated protein. Here we show that XB130 is predominantly expressed in the thyroid. Given that XB130 is a thyroid-specific tyrosine kinase substrate, we asked whether it is targeted by RET/PTC, a genetically rearranged, constitutively active, thyroid-specific tyrosine kinase that plays a pathogenic role in papillary thyroid cancer. RET/PTC induced robust tyrosine phosphorylation of XB130, which promoted its subsequent association with the p85alpha subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase). We identified tyrosine 54 of XB130 as the major target of RET/PTC-mediated phosphorylation and a critical binding site for the SH2 domains of p85alpha. Importantly, downregulation of XB130 in TPC1 papillary thyroid cancer cells, harboring the RET/PTC1 kinase, strongly reduced Akt activity without altering ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and concomitantly inhibited cell-cycle progression and survival in suspension. In conclusion, XB130 is a novel substrate of the RET/PTC kinase that links RET/PTC signaling to PI 3-kinase activation, and thereby plays an important role in sustaining proliferation and survival of thyroid tumor cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Apoptose , Northern Blotting , Bromodesoxiuridina , Carcinoma Papilar/metabolismo , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosforilação , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Tirosina/metabolismo
13.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage ; 16(11): 1413-20, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18485748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As we previously reported, ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12, two members of ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs) family, degrade cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in vitro and are significantly induced in the cartilage and synovium of arthritic patients [Liu CJ, Kong W, Ilalov K, Yu S, Xu K, Prazak L, et al. ADAMTS-7: a metalloproteinase that directly binds to and degrades cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. FASEB J 2006;20(7):988-90; Liu CJ, Kong W, Xu K, Luan Y, Ilalov K, Sehgal B, et al. ADAMTS-12 associates with and degrades cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. J Biol Chem 2006;281(23):15800-8]. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether cleavage activity of ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 of COMP are associated with COMP degradation in osteoarthritis (OA); (2) whether alpha-2-macroglobulin (a(2)M) is a novel substrate for ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12; and (3) whether a(2)M inhibits ADAMTS-7 or ADAMTS-12 cleavage of COMP. METHODS: An in vitro digestion assay was used to examine the degradation of COMP by ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 in the cartilage of OA patients; in cartilage explants incubated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-1-beta (IL-1beta) with or without blocking antibodies; and in human chondrocytes treated with specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) to knockdown ADAMTS-7 or/and ADAMTS-12. Digestion of a(2)M by ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 in vitro and the inhibition of ADAMTS-7 or ADAMTS-12-mediated digestion of COMP by a(2)M were also analyzed. RESULTS: The molecular mass of the COMP fragments produced by either ADAMTS-7 or ADAMTS-12 were similar to those observed in OA patients. Specific blocking antibodies against ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 dramatically inhibited TNF-alpha- or IL-1beta-induced COMP degradation in the cultured cartilage explants. The suppression of ADAMTS-7 or ADAMTS-12 expression by siRNA silencing in the human chondrocytes also prevented TNF-alpha- or IL-1beta-induced COMP degradation. Both ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 were able to cleave a(2)M, giving rise to 180- and 105-kDa cleavage products, respectively. Furthermore, a(2)M inhibited both ADAMTS-7- and ADAMTS-12-mediated COMP degradation in a concentration (or dose)-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Our observations demonstrate the importance of COMP degradation by ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12 in vivo. Furthermore, a(2)M is a novel substrate for ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12. More significantly, a(2)M represents the first endogenous inhibitor of ADAMTS-7 and ADAMTS-12.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/antagonistas & inibidores , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , alfa-Macroglobulinas/fisiologia , Proteínas ADAMTS , Proteína ADAMTS7 , Adulto , Western Blotting , Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem , Humanos , Proteínas Matrilinas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
14.
Am J Transplant ; 6(3): 544-51, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16468964

RESUMO

While current donor selection with clinical findings is generally effective, the imprecise nature of the assessment forces clinicians to remain on the conservative side. A reliable biological marker would assist donor selection and would improve donor organ utilization. We collected biopsies from 169 donor lungs before implantation. Expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and IL-1beta were measured by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). Seventeen cases died within 30 days after transplantation. No donor factor was significantly associated with 30-day mortality. Univariate analysis of the 84 cases for development of the prediction model showed that IL-6, IL-8, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta were risk factors for mortality and IL-10 and IFN-gamma were protective factors. We analyzed the cytokine expression ratios of risk to protective cytokines. A stepwise logistic regression for 30-day mortality demonstrated that a model containing the ratio of IL-6/IL-10 was the most predictive (p = 0.0013). When applied to the remaining 85 cases for validation, the test of model fit was significant (p = 0.039). Using the cytokine ratio, we were able to define three risk groups with striking differences in survival (p = 0.0003). Multi-cytokine analysis of the donor lung graft with qRT-PCR shows significant promise as a strategy to biologically evaluate the donor lung prior to implantation.


Assuntos
Citocinas/genética , Expressão Gênica , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/genética , Transplante de Pulmão/fisiologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Biópsia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Transplante de Pulmão/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Transplantation ; 72(9): 1505-12, 2001 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11707737

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) has been demonstrated to reduce ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury following lung transplantation. However, the cytoprotective mechanisms remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the mechanism through which PGE1 improves IR injury is related to the level of apoptosis or the release of inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: In a rat single-lung-transplant model, animals were randomly allocated into four groups of five animals each. Group 1 received normal saline (NS) in the preservation solution and during the 2-hr reperfusion period. Group 2 received NS in the preservation solution and PGE1 during the reperfusion period. Group 3 received PGE1 in the preservation solution and NS during the reperfusion period. Group 4 received PGE1 in the preservation solution and during the reperfusion period. RESULTS: The two groups that received PGE1 during the reperfusion period had a significantly higher partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), lower wet-dry weight ratio, and lower peak airway pressure at the end of the reperfusion period than did the two groups that received NS. In the two groups that received PGE1 during the reperfusion period, we observed significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL)-10 in the transplanted lung tissue and plasma and significantly lower levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and IL-12 in lung tissue. The levels of IL-4 and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) were not significantly different between groups. The number of apoptotic cells and the expression of Bcl-2 were not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: PGE1 does not decrease the amount of apoptosis after reperfusion and does not significantly upregulate Bcl-2. We have demonstrated that PGE1 administered during the reperfusion period reduces IR injury and improves lung function through a mechanism that is likely mediated by a shift between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine release.


Assuntos
Alprostadil/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/biossíntese , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Pulmão/fisiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Apoptose , Citocinas/sangue , Imuno-Histoquímica , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Interferon gama/sangue , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/biossíntese , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-2/biossíntese , Interleucina-2/sangue , Interleucina-4/biossíntese , Interleucina-4/sangue , Transplante de Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Cell Biol Int ; 25(10): 997-1002, 2001.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11589616

RESUMO

The carcinogenic or tumourigenic testing of seven animal kidney cell lines (F-81, CRFK, MDCK, Vero, Vero-2 cell line, MA-104 and BHK-21) established in China, were carried out in more than 700 nude mice for colony formation in soft agar and for agglutination under different density of plant lectins. Tests showed that there were correlation between cell line chromosome number variations and anchorage independence in soft agar, agglutinability under lectins and tumour-forming ability in nude mice. Since testing in vitro was more economical, simpler and faster and thus thought to be more reliable, we recommend measuring agglutinability, followed by anchorage independence or analysis of karyotype as the initial means for monitoring tumourigenicity of animal cell lines in nude mice.


Assuntos
Aglutinação , Testes de Carcinogenicidade/métodos , Lectinas/metabolismo , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco/métodos , Vacinas Virais , Ágar/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cricetinae , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Células Vero
17.
Hum Gene Ther ; 12(12): 1513-26, 2001 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11506694

RESUMO

We examined the effect of adenovirus-mediated transtracheal transfer of the human interleukin 10 (hIL-10) gene on lung ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, which is the insult due to hypothermic preservation plus graft reperfusion, and posttransplant lung function in Lewis rat lungs. Thirty rats were divided into 6 groups (n = 5). Groups 1 and 4 received 5 x 10(9) PFU of Ad5E1RSVhIL-10, groups 2 and 5 received 5 x 10(9) PFU of Ad5BGL2 ("empty" vector), and groups 3 and 6 received 3% sucrose (diluent). After 24 hr of in vivo transfection, lungs were stored at 4 degrees C (cold ischemic time, CIT) for 6 hr (groups 1-3) or 24 hr (groups 4-6) before transplantation. After 2 hr of reperfusion, lung function was assessed by oxygenation (FIO2, 1.0), airway pressure (AwP), and wet-to-dry (W/D) weight ratios. Rat tumor necrosis factor alpha (rTNF-alpha), interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-10, and hIL-10 were measured in graft tissue and recipient plasma by ELISA and detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) levels in the hIL-10 group (6 hr of CIT) were higher than in empty vector and diluent groups (PaO2, 530 +/- 23 vs. 387 +/- 31 and 439 +/- 27 mmHg, respectively, p < 0.05). IL-10 rats after 24 hr of CIT showed higher PaO2 levels (260 +/- 29 mmHg) than empty vector (96 +/- 24 mmHg) or diluent (133 +/- 10 mmHg) lungs (p < 0.05). AwP and W/D ratios were reduced in hIL10 lungs (p < 0.05) compared with the other groups. rTNF-alpha and INF-gamma were reduced in tissue and plasma in groups 1 and 4 (p < 0.05). rIL-10 was reduced in the tissue of hIL-10 lungs (p < 0.05). IHC showed equal distribution of cytokines in tissue and abundant transgene expression in large and small airway epithelium in hIL-10 lungs.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Terapia Genética/métodos , Interleucina-10/genética , Transplante de Pulmão/métodos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Traqueia/metabolismo , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Fatores de Tempo , Transfecção , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
Yi Chuan Xue Bao ; 28(4): 327-44, 2001.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11329875

RESUMO

After the master cell stock(mcs) and working cell bank of more than 30 different strains of 7 animal kidney cell lines (F-81 or CRFK cell line, MDCK cell line, Vero or Vero-2 cell line, MA-104 cell line and BHK-21 cell line) were established in China, the chromosomal number variations and structural aberrations of the above lines, primary feline or canine kidney cell (FKC or CKC) and HeLa cell line were investigated and their karyotypes of routine or Giemsa chromosomal bands were analyzed. The carcinogenesis or tumorigenicity testing of these cells in about 700 nude mice and for colony formation in soft agar (SA) and for agglutination under different concentration of plant lectins was carried out. Both tumorigenicity-negative strains of F-81, CRFK, Vero or Vero-2 lines and very-low-tumorigenicity strains of MDCK line were successfully selected and evaluated for the production of canine or feline combination viral vaccines, which are free of infectious agents, and described with respect to cytogenetic characteristics and tumorigenicity. Rate of modal chromosome number represents the ratio of cell number having modal chromosome number to all the split cell number analyzed at random. Rate of difference represents the ratio of difference of the rate of modal chromosome number between mcs (master cell stock) + n and mcs passages. The chromosomal analysis results showed that the ratio of difference of the rate of modal chromosome number between mcs + n and mcs passages was not more than 5%-15% and the structure aberrations was generally 0%-3%, not more than 5%-10%, thus the hereditary character of cell lines is comparatively stable without significant difference between different passages. The genetic characteristics of chromosomal number of cell lines determines their tumorigenicity, but it is species specific. Experimental models were established for the researches on the prevention and prophylaxis of malignant tumors or cancers and their genetically biological characteristics. Tests showed that there was correlation among cell line chromosome number variations, anchorage independence in soft agar, agglutination under plant lectins and tumor-forming ability in nude mice. Since testing in vitro is more economic, simpler, faster, and is thought to be reliable, we recommend plant lectins followed by SA or analysis of karyotypes as the initial means for monitoring tumorigenicity of animal cell line in nude mice.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cariotipagem , Animais , Testes de Carcinogenicidade , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Células Vero
19.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol ; 278(5): L1071-81, 2000 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10781440

RESUMO

Decreased nitric oxide (NO) production has been reported during lung transplantation in patients. To study the effects of ischemia and reperfusion on endogenous NO synthase (NOS) expression, both an ex vivo and an in vivo lung injury model for transplantation were used. Donor rat lungs were flushed with cold low-potassium dextran solution and subjected to either cold (4 degrees C for 12 h) or warm (21 degrees C for 4 h) ischemic preservation followed by reperfusion with an ex vivo model. A significant increase in inducible NOS and a decrease in endothelial NOS mRNA was found after reperfusion. These results were confirmed in a rat single-lung transplant model after warm preservation. Interestingly, protein contents of both inducible NOS and endothelial NOS increased in the transplanted lung after 2 h of reperfusion. However, the total activity of NOS in the transplanted lungs remained at very low levels. We conclude that ischemic lung preservation and reperfusion result in altered NOS gene and protein expression with inhibited NOS activity, which may contribute to the injury of lung transplants.


Assuntos
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Pulmão , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Animais , Primers do DNA , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/enzimologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III , Circulação Pulmonar/fisiologia , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/fisiopatologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
20.
Yi Chuan Xue Bao ; 27(12): 1057-71, 2000.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11209698

RESUMO

Under the prerequisite that the incidence of cancer or tumor in negatively-controlled nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with feline or canine kidney cell cultures purified in vitro at passage 3 or higher (the modal chromosome number of FKC on passage 3 was 38 of diploid at the rate of 80%) was 0%(0/22) and 0%(0/10) respectively, and the incidence of progressively negative growing tumor in controlled nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with repeatedly-frozen- and thawed-HeLa cell cultures of X strain was 20%(1/5), the negative growing malignant tumor (MT) was found in half of the nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with HeLa cell cultures of H strain(with modal chromosome number of 78 +/- 2 of sub-tetraploid at the rate of 40%), the progressively-growing malignant tumor was found in all the other 40 nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with HeLa cell cultures of other strains, with the incidence of MT in nude mice with KB strain (with modal chromosome number of 60 +/- 3 of hyperdiploid at the rate of 72%-76%) 10/10, the incidence of poorly-differentiated MT originated from epithelia in nude mice with X strain (with modal chromosomal number of 62 +/- 3 of hyperdiploid at the rate of 69%) 25/25, and the incidence of MRT in nude mice with in vitro cultured tumor cell NM20/X strain (with modal chromosome number of 68 +/- 3 of both hyperdiploid and subtetraploid at the rate of 52%) 5/5. After being continuously cultivated for 20 passages in vitro, HeLa cell of X strain was subcutaneously inoculated into nude mice and cultivated for 1 passage in vivo within 15 days, and then the developed growing MT was collected as HeLa cell of NM20/X strain on passage 0 and continuously cultivated for 11 passages to prepare for transplanting into nude mice again. Therefore, the highly variable strain of HeLa cells can be successfully selected by alternate cultivation in vitro and in vivo. Occasionally in another experiment, the progressively-growing MRT was found in all the 4 nude mice of one test group inoculated subcutaneously with 0.17 ml cell-cultures of super-high density containing 12.75 x 10(7) HeLa cells of KB strain on passages 10-11(with the rate of chromosome aberration high to 20% on passages 10-11 including 18% dicentric chromosome and 2% breakage chromosome). Although the incidence of MRT in nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with violently variable HeLa cells of NM20/X strain on passage 11, HeLa cells of KB strain on passages 10-11 reaches 100%(5/5) & 100%(4/4) respectively, yet it is requested that the inoculated live cell number is huge (5-12 x 10(7) cells per nude mouse), the tumor emerges immediately, develops violently, grows very fast, and has an extremely aggressive malignancy, the tumor is rich in the blood vessel giving a full supply of blood for it, and the mean value of major diameter X minor diameter of the tumor is essentially up to the standard of 30 mm x 20 mm in 16-22 days after the inoculation of the cells into the nude mice. The first finding of MRT in model animals provides an opportunity for answering the origin problem of MRT. Based on this reason, human uterus vertical epithelium may be an original tissue of MRT, thus opening up a new era for the research of MRT origin. It is also concluded as follows: 1. Cellular tumorigenicity is different among differently-karyotypic cells. 2. Highly variable strain of tumor cell line can be selected quickly and successfully in nude mouse. 3. Cellular tumorigenicity may be increased if chromosome aberration is very high. 4. The genetic characteristics of chromosomes of HeLa cells determines their tumorigenicity, chromosome number variation of HeLa cells has positive relationship with their carcinogenesis or tumorigenicity, and the turn of HeLa cells concerning their tumorigenicity from weak to strong is KB, X and NM20/X strains (excluding H strain, in which tumorigenicity remains to be determined by further experiments) respectively.


Assuntos
Tumor Rabdoide/etiologia , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Tumor Rabdoide/patologia
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