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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3356-3366, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621221

RESUMO

To reveal the seedlings dynamics of dominant trees and their response to canopy changes (as indicated by changes in leaf area index), we analyzed the seedlings dynamics of dominant trees and canopy structure during forest regeneration based on three-year (2014 to 2016) censuses and hemispherical photography in a 4 hm2 forest dynamics monitoring plot. The results showed that canopy LAI first decreased and then increased during the survey period, with significant interannual difference. The seedlings of 12 dominant tree species showed notable response to the change of canopy structure, with the response varying among different tree species. The relative abundance or frequency of seedlings for neutral tree species generally increased with the decreases of canopy LAI. The relative abundance or frequency of seedlings of light-demanding tree species generally decreased with the increases of canopy LAI. In multi-response permutation procedures by analyzing the numeric composition and distribution of dominant tree seedlings, there was significant difference among the three censuses. Such interannual difference gradually decreased from 2014 to 2016. Significant change occurred in the indicator species of dominant tree seedlings, reflecting their responses to the changes of canopy structure.


Assuntos
Plântula , Árvores , China , Florestas , Folhas de Planta
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(7): 2269-2276, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30039665

RESUMO

An experiment was conducted to examine the differences of soil microbial diversity across different land use patterns in montane region of eastern Liaoning Province, China. The relationships between soil physicochemical properties and soil microbial diversity in five different land use types, including Quercus mongolic forest, shrubland, Larix gmelinii plantation, Pinus koraiensis plantation, and Zea mays cropland were analyzed by Biolog-Eco method. The results showed that both soil total C and N contents were the highest in the Q. mongolica forest, which were 57.74 and 4.40 g·kg-1, followed by shrubland, but only 17.46 and 1.31 g·kg-1 in the Z. mays cropland, respectively. There were significant differences in microbial utilization rate of different land use types. The carbon utilization capacity by soil microbial communities was following the order of Q. mongolica forest > shrubland > L. gmelinii plantation > P. koraiensis plantation > Z. mays cropland, indicating that soil microbial metabolism and activity in Z. mays cropland were the lowest. The Shannon diversity index (2.997), Simpson diversity index (0.942) and McIntosh diversity index (5.256) of soil microbial community in the Z. mays cropland were significantly lower than those in other ecosystems. The average absorbance value (AWCD) was associated with Simpson diversity index and McIntosh diversity index. Esters, alcohols and amines were the primary carbon sources for the differentiation, which might be due to a joint action of many factors such as litter, soil nutrients, and specific soil microorganisms. The soil nutrient and soil microbial community diversity in forest land after reclamation sharply decreased, causing the loss of soil fertility and productivity. The region should keep the Q. mongolica forest, which could help restore soil fertility.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Ecossistema , Microbiologia do Solo , Carbono , China , Florestas , Solo
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(1): 18-24, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29692008

RESUMO

We established a 4 hm2(200 m×200 m) temperate secondary forest plot in the montane region of eastern Liaoning Province, China, and analyzed the spatial patterns and interspecific spatial associations of tree seedlings at scales of 0-50 m. The results showed that under complete spatial randomness null model, 95% of the species at the scale of 0-20 m showed a significant aggregation pattern, and 19 species at the scale of 0-16 m showed an aggregation pattern. The proportion of species exhibiting aggregated patterns decreased with the spatial scale. At the scale of 50 m, the random distribution pattern became the main form of tree species distribution. Underheterogeneous Poisson process null model, 5% of the species at the scale of 0-24 m showed a significant aggregation pattern, and 42% and 58% of the species at the scale of 26-50 m showed a random distribution and regularity patterns, respectively. Under complete spatial randomness null model, the proportion of species pairs of positive correlation was the highest, and at the scale of 50 m, the proportion of species pairs showed positive correlation, uncorrelated and negative correlation tended to be equal. Under heterogeneous Poisson process null model, species pairs mainly showed negative correlation, and the proportion of species pairs exhibiting negative correlation increased with spatial scale. The results implied that seed dispersal limitation and habitat heterogeneity could explain the aggregation pattern of tree seedlings. The strong aggregation of tree seedlings also contributed to close interspecific spatial associations and poor stability of the regeneration community.


Assuntos
Florestas , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Ecossistema , Árvores
4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(7): 2197-2204, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737127

RESUMO

With secondary forest in the montane region of eastern Liaoning Province as research object, this paper analyzed the spatial distribution and scale effect of Gleason richness index, Simpson dominance index, Shannon diversity index and Pielou evenness index in a 4 hm2 plot. The results showed that spatial distributions of the four diversity indices showed higher spatial heterogeneity. Variance of the four diversity indices varied with increasing scale. Coefficients of variation of the four diversity indices decreased with increasing scale. The four diversity indices of the tree layer were higher than those of the shrub layer, and the variation tendency varied with increasing scale. The results indicated that sampling scale should be taken into account when studying species diversity in the montane region of eastern Liaoning Province.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Florestas , China , Dispersão Vegetal , Análise Espacial , Árvores
5.
Am J Infect Control ; 43(8): 810-5, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26234220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Observational studies have suggested an association between diabetes mellitus and the risk of surgical site infections (SSIs), but the results remain inconclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to elucidate the relationship between diabetes mellitus and SSIs. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases and reviewed the reference lists of the retrieved articles to identify relevant studies. Associations were tested in subgroups representing different patient characteristics and study quality criteria. The random-effect model was used to calculate the overall relative risk (RR). RESULTS: Fourteen prospective cohort studies (N = 91,094 participants) were included in this meta-analysis, and the pooled crude RR was 2.02 (95% confidence interval, 1.68-2.43) with significant between-study heterogeneity observed (I(2) = 56.50%). Significant association was also detected after we derived adjusted RRs for studies not reporting the adjusted RRs and calculated the combined adjusted RR of the 14 studies (RR, 1.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-2.13). Results were consistent and statistically significant in all subgroups. Stratified analyses found the number of confounders adjusted for, sample size, and method of diabetes case ascertainment might be the potential sources of heterogeneity. Sensitivity analysis further demonstrated the robustness of the result. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests diabetes mellitus is significantly associated with increased risk of SSIs. Future studies are encouraged to reveal the mechanisms underlying this association.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 21(8): 1899-906, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21043093

RESUMO

Based on the shrub census of 600 quadrats (5 mx5 m) in a 25 hm2 plot of broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest in Changbai Mountains, this paper analyzed the species composition, structure, and spatial distribution of shrubs in the forest. A total of 18 shrub species, including 6435 shrub individuals and 11369 stems, were found in the census, with Philadelphus schrenkii, Corylus mandshurica, and Acer barbinerve being the dominant species. P. schrenkii had the highest amounts of individuals and stems, occupying 40.6% and 33.4% of the total, respectively. There existed great differences in the clumpy ratio, stem number per clump, crown size, and basal diameter among the shrub species, and the height of different shrub species also varied significantly, with obvious vertical stratification observed in the community. The dominant species P. schrenkii had a wide distribution, while Sorbaria sorbifolia, Spiraea chamaedryfolia, S. salicifolia, and Euonymus pauciflorus had obvious heterogeneous distributions.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Pinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Acer/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Corylus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dinâmica Populacional
7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 21(9): 2171-8, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21265134

RESUMO

In order to understand the composition and spatiotemporal dynamics of the litter falls at community level in a broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest in Changbai Mountains, litter falls were collected from 150 containers in a 25 hm2 permanent plot in 2008. The leaf litters in the containers were from 35 tree species, accounting for 67.3% of the total number (52) of the tree species with DBH > or =1 cm in the plot. The litter falls had a weight 29.39 kg, equivalent to 3918.4 kg x hm(-2) among which, broad leaves, miscellany, needle leaves, and branches occupied 61.7%, 18.0%, 11.7%, and 8.6%, respectively. About 83.8% of the broad leaves were from Tilia amurensis, Fraxinus mandshurica, Quercus mongolica, Acer mono, and Ulmus japonica. The litter falls showed an evident seasonal dynamics, with the peaks occurred from 13 September to 10 October, e.g., the litter falls from T. amurensis and Pinus koraiensis peaked in 13-26 September, while those from Q. mongolica, U. japonica, and A. pseudo-sieboldianum peaked in 27 September to 10 October. There was a great difference in the mass of the litter falls among the containers, e.g., with 150-200 g litters in 68 containers and >500 g litters in 1 container. The species number of the litter falls in a container was 18 in maximum, and was 12 in common (32 containers). Litter falls mass was positively proportional to the sum of the basal area at breast height of parent trees in the plot, and the amount of the litter falls in the containers was related with the locations of the containers, exhibiting an evident spatial heterogeneity in the plot.


Assuntos
Pinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Fraxinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dinâmica Populacional , Quercus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estações do Ano , Especificidade da Espécie , Tilia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
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