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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(5): 056002, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083924

RESUMO

Oxygen reactivity plays a key role in the performance of ceria-based catalysts. Aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy and molecular dynamics simulations were used to study the oxygen atom diffusion in ceria under activated conditions. Reactive oxygen atom and its real-time diffusion were visualized. The interplay between cerium and oxygen atoms originating from a Coulomb interaction was revealed by the out-of-plane buckling of cerium atoms associated with oxygen transport. Anisotropic oxygen atom diffusion that depends on crystal orientations was discovered, demonstrating a preferential [001] crystallographic diffusion pathway. These findings reveal prospects for applications of anisotropic orientation-relevant fluorite-structured oxides.

2.
Sci Adv ; 5(11): eaav4355, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700996

RESUMO

Recently, several captivating topological structures of electric dipole moments (e.g., vortex, flux closure) have been reported in ferroelectrics with reduced size/dimensions. However, accurate polarization distribution of these topological ferroelectric structures has never been experimentally obtained. We precisely measure the polarization distribution of an individual ferroelectric vortex in PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices at the subunit cell level by using the atomically resolved integrated differential phase contrast imaging in an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope. We find, in vortices, that out-of-plane polarization is larger than in-plane polarization, and that downward polarization is larger than upward polarization. The polarization magnitude is closely related to tetragonality. Moreover, the contribution of the Pb─O bond to total polarization is highly inhomogeneous in vortices. Our precise measurement at the subunit cell scale provides a sound foundation for mechanistic understanding of the structure and properties of a ferroelectric vortex and lattice-charge coupling phenomena in these topological ferroelectric structures.

3.
Ultramicroscopy ; 209: 112885, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722280

RESUMO

Long-period patterns (LPPs) are widely observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in the study of nanoscale materials. Identifying the origin of LPPs is of significant importance when interpreting TEM images, and for an in-depth understanding of material characteristics. However, the two most common LPP categories, modulated structure and moiré patterns, are not easily differentiated by conventional TEM (CTEM). In this work, an LPP was observed in Cu2-xSe nanoplates by CTEM. And then the depth sectioning with an aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope (AC STEM) has been performed to determine the LPP type. Two misorientated layers were recognized from the depth-series of atomic resolution images of an LPP region, confirming the LPP is a moiré pattern caused by two twisted stacked crystal flakes which commonly exists in nanosized materials. This depth sectioning method is generally applicable for structural characterization of layered systems, and is a powerful approach for the in-situ structural probe of nanomaterials. It is promising to be extended to fast three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 36800-36806, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539219

RESUMO

The oxygen vacancy profile in LaCoO3 exhibits rich phases with distinct structures, symmetries, and magnetic properties. Exploration of the lattice degree of freedom of LaCoO3 in the transition between these different structural phases may provide a route to enable new functionality in oxide materials with potential applications. To date, the oxygen vacancy profile transition in LaCoO3 has mainly been induced by transition-metal doping or thermal treatment. Epitaxial strain was proposed to compete with the lattice degree of freedom but has not yet been rationalized. Here, the experimental findings of strain-inhibited structural transition from perovskite to brownmillerite during the electromigration of oxygen vacancies in epitaxial LaCoO3 thin films are demonstrated. The results indicate that the oxygen vacancy ordering phase induced by the electric field is suppressed locally by both epitaxial strain field and external loads shown by in situ aberration-corrected (scanning)/ transmission electron microscopy. The demonstrated complex interplay between the electric and strain fields in the structural transitions of LaCoO3 opens up prospects for manipulating new physical properties by external excitations and/or strain engineering of a substrate.

5.
Nat Chem ; 11(8): 730-736, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308494

RESUMO

Two-dimensional materials show a variety of promising properties, and controlling their growth is an important aspect for practical applications. To this end, active species such as hydrogen and oxygen are commonly introduced into reactors to promote the synthesis of two-dimensional materials with specific characteristics. Here, we demonstrate that fluorine can play a crucial role in tuning the growth kinetics of three representative two-dimensional materials (graphene, hexagonal boron nitride and WS2). When growing graphene by chemical vapour deposition on a copper foil, fluorine released from the decomposition of a metal fluoride placed near the copper foil greatly accelerates the growth of the graphene (up to a rate of ~200 µm s-1). Theoretical calculations show that it does so by promoting decomposition of the methane feedstock, which converts the endothermic growth process to an exothermic one. We further show that the presence of fluorine also accelerates the growth of two-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride and WS2.

6.
Nature ; 570(7759): 91-95, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118514

RESUMO

The development of two-dimensional (2D) materials has opened up possibilities for their application in electronics, optoelectronics and photovoltaics, because they can provide devices with smaller size, higher speed and additional functionalities compared with conventional silicon-based devices1. The ability to grow large, high-quality single crystals for 2D components-that is, conductors, semiconductors and insulators-is essential for the industrial application of 2D devices2-4. Atom-layered hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), with its excellent stability, flat surface and large bandgap, has been reported to be the best 2D insulator5-12. However, the size of 2D hBN single crystals is typically limited to less than one millimetre13-18, mainly because of difficulties in the growth of such crystals; these include excessive nucleation, which precludes growth from a single nucleus to large single crystals, and the threefold symmetry of the hBN lattice, which leads to antiparallel domains and twin boundaries on most substrates19. Here we report the epitaxial growth of a 100-square-centimetre single-crystal hBN monolayer on a low-symmetry Cu (110) vicinal surface, obtained by annealing an industrial copper foil. Structural characterizations and theoretical calculations indicate that epitaxial growth was achieved by the coupling of Cu <211> step edges with hBN zigzag edges, which breaks the equivalence of antiparallel hBN domains, enabling unidirectional domain alignment better than 99 per cent. The growth kinetics, unidirectional alignment and seamless stitching of the hBN domains are unambiguously demonstrated using centimetre- to atomic-scale characterization techniques. Our findings are expected to facilitate the wide application of 2D devices and lead to the epitaxial growth of broad non-centrosymmetric 2D materials, such as various transition-metal dichalcogenides20-23, to produce large single crystals.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(50): 43792-43801, 2018 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474948

RESUMO

Exploring and manipulating domain configurations in ferroelectric thin films are of critical importance for the design and fabrication of ferroelectric heterostructures with a novel functional performance. In this study, BiFeO3 (BFO) ultrathin films with various Bi/Fe ratios from excess Bi to deficient Bi have been grown on (La0.7Sr0.3)MnO3 (LSMO)-covered SrTiO3 substrates by a laser molecular beam epitaxy system. Atomic force microscopy and piezoresponse force microscopy measurements show that both the surface morphology and ferroelectric polarization of the films are relevant to Bi nonstoichiometry. More significantly, a Bi-excess thin film shows an upward (from substrate to film surface) uniform ferroelectric polarization, whereas a Bi-deficient thin film exhibits a downward uniform polarization, which means the as-grown polarization of BFO thin films can be controlled by changing the Bi contents. Atomic-scale structural and chemical characterizations and second-harmonic generation measurements reveal that two different kinds of structural distortions and interface atomic configurations in the BFO/LSMO heterostructures can be induced by the change of Bi nonstoichiometry, leading to the two opposite as-grown ferroelectric polarizations. It has also been revealed that the band gap of BFO thin films can be modulated via Bi nonstoichiometry. These results demonstrate that Bi nonstoichiometry plays a key role on the ferroelectric domain states and physical properties of BFO thin films and also open a new avenue to manipulate the structure and ferroelectric domain states in BFO thin films.

8.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3387, 2018 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140007

RESUMO

The complex optical susceptibility is the most fundamental parameter characterizing light-matter interactions and determining optical applications in any material. In one-dimensional (1D) materials, all conventional techniques to measure the complex susceptibility become invalid. Here we report a methodology to measure the complex optical susceptibility of individual 1D materials by an elliptical-polarization-based optical homodyne detection. This method is based on the accurate manipulation of interference between incident left- (right-) handed elliptically polarized light and the scattering light, which results in the opposite (same) contribution of the real and imaginary susceptibility in two sets of spectra. We successfully demonstrate its application in determining complex susceptibility of individual chirality-defined carbon nanotubes in a broad optical spectral range (1.6-2.7 eV) and under different environments (suspended and in device). This full characterization of the complex optical responses should accelerate applications of various 1D nanomaterials in future photonic, optoelectronic, photovoltaic, and bio-imaging devices.

9.
Opt Lett ; 43(14): 3333-3336, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30004499

RESUMO

The digital optical phase conjugation (DOPC) technique is being actively developed for optical focusing and imaging through or inside complex media. Due to its time-reversal nature, DOPC has been exploited to regenerate different intensity targets. However, whether the targets with three-dimensional information through complex media could be recovered has not been experimentally demonstrated, to the best of our knowledge. Here, we present a method to regenerate structured laser beams based on DOPC. Although only the phase of the original scattered wave is time reversed, the reconstruction of a quasi-Bessel beam and vortex beams through a multimode fiber (MMF) is demonstrated. The regenerated quasi-Bessel beam shows the features of sub-diffraction focusing and a longer depth of field with respect to a Gaussian beam. Moreover, the reconstruction of vortex beams shows the fidelity of DOPC both in amplitude and phase, which is demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. We also prove that the reconstruction results of DOPC through the MMF are indeed phase conjugate to the original targets. We expect that these results could be useful in super-resolution imaging and optical micromanipulation through complex media, and further pave the way for achieving three-dimensional imaging based on DOPC.

10.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 43(22): E1364-E1367, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29794582

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case report. OBJECTIVE: To report a case that transformed from type Castellvi-IIa sacralization to type Castellvi-IIIa after decompression and fusion surgery at transitional disc (TD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traditionally, lumbosacral transitional vertebra has been regarded as a congenital anomaly. No literature has ever reported that transformation from one type lumbosacral transitional vertebra to another would happen after birth. METHODS: A 60-year-old man presented to our department with the complaint of low back pain and left sciatic pain, and was diagnosed of lumbar disc herniation at L4-5 and L5-S1 levels. Lumbar digital radiography revealed an anomalous articulation formed between sacrum and enlarged right L5 transverse process, exhibiting a typical Castellvi-IIa sacralization. Dynamic lateral radiographs showed mobilization existed at L5-S1 disc which was TD. The patient received posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery at L4-5 and L5-S1 levels. Postoperative computed tomography examinations were taken to identify the progress of solid fusion at the operated segments. RESULTS: After surgery, the patient's symptoms alleviated obviously. As solid fusion developed at intended interbody regions with time, we found that bony bridge passed through the patient's anomalous articulation region gradually, and finally, complete osseous fusion of the right L5 transverse process to the sacrum developed 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: Following PLIF surgery at TD segment on a Castellvi-IIa Sacralization case, "acquired" transformation to Castellvi-IIIa might develop. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 5.


Assuntos
Discotomia/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sacro/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Nanotechnology ; 29(27): 275706, 2018 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29664419

RESUMO

Design and synthesis of integrated, interconnected porous structures are critical to the development of high-performance supercapacitors. We develop a novel and facile synthesis technic to construct three-dimensional carbon-bubble foams with hierarchical pores geometry. The carbon-bubble foams are fabricated by conformally coating, via catalytic decomposition of ethanol, a layer of carbon coating onto the surfaces of pre-formed ZnO foams and then the removal of the ZnO template by a reduction-evaporation process. Both the wall thickness and the pore size can be well tuned by adjusting the catalytic decomposition time and temperature. The as-synthesized carbon-bubble foams electrode retains 90.3% of the initial capacitance even after 70 000 continuous cycles under a high current density of 20 A g-1, demonstrating excellent long-time electrochemical and cycling stability. The symmetric device displays rate capability retention of 81.8% with the current density increasing from 0.4 to 20 A g-1. These achieved electrochemical performances originate from the unique structural design of the carbon-bubble foams, which provide not only abundant transport channels for electron and ion but also high active surface area accessible by the electrolyte ions.

12.
Adv Mater ; 30(18): e1707122, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575255

RESUMO

Conversion-type anodes with multielectron reactions are beneficial for achieving a high capacity in sodium-ion batteries. Enhancing the electron/ion conductivity and structural stability are two key challenges in the development of high-performance sodium storage. Herein, a novel multidimensionally assembled nanoarchitecture is presented, which consists of V2 O3 nanoparticles embedded in amorphous carbon nanotubes that are then coassembled within a reduced graphene oxide (rGO) network, this materials is denoted V2 O3 ⊂C-NTs⊂rGO. The selective insertion and multiphase conversion mechanism of V2 O3 in sodium-ion storage is systematically demonstrated for the first time. Importantly, the naturally integrated advantages of each subunit synergistically provide a robust structure and rapid electron/ion transport, as confirmed by in situ and ex situ transmission electron microscopy experiments and kinetic analysis. Benefiting from the synergistic effects, the V2 O3 ⊂C-NTs⊂rGO anode delivers an ultralong cycle life (72.3% at 5 A g-1 after 15 000 cycles) and an ultrahigh rate capability (165 mAh g-1 at 20 A g-1 , ≈30 s per charge/discharge). The synergistic design of the multidimensionally assembled nanoarchitecture produces superior advantages in energy storage.

13.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(2)2018 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29401705

RESUMO

In situ heating transmission electron microscopy observations clearly reveal remarkable interlayer expansion and inner-layer inward contraction in multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) as the specimen temperature increases. We interpreted the observed inward contraction as being due to the presence of the strong constraints of the outer layers on radial expansion in the tubular structure upon in situ heating. The increase in specimen temperature upon heating can create pressure and stress toward the tubular center, which drive the lattice motion and yield inner diameter contraction for the multi-walled BNNTs. Using a simple model involving a wave-like pattern of layer-wise distortion, we discuss these peculiar structural alterations and the anisotropic thermal expansion properties of the tubular structures. Moreover, our in situ atomic images also reveal Russian-doll-type BN nanotubes, which show anisotropic thermal expansion behaviors.

14.
Small ; 14(5)2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29226523

RESUMO

As anodes of Li-ion batteries, copper oxides (CuO) have a high theoretical specific capacity (674 mA h g-1 ) but own poor cyclic stability owing to the large volume expansion and low conductivity in charges/discharges. Incorporating reduced graphene oxide (rGO) into CuO anodes with conventional methods fails to build robust interaction between rGO and CuO to efficiently improve the overall anode performance. Here, Cu2 O/CuO/reduced graphene oxides (Cu2 O/CuO/rGO) with a 3D hierarchical nanostructure are synthesized with a facile, single-step hydrothermal method. The Cu2 O/CuO/rGO anode exhibits remarkable cyclic and high-rate performances, and particularly the anode with 25 wt% rGO owns the best performance among all samples, delivering a record capacity of 550 mA h g-1 at 0.5 C after 100 cycles. The pronounced performances are attributed to the highly efficient charge transfer in CuO nanosheets encapsulated in rGO network and the mitigated volume expansion of the anode owing to its robust 3D hierarchical nanostructure.

15.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 106(4): 1082-1091, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29164771

RESUMO

Although nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue engineering has achieved tremendous success, researches still face the huge obstacles in maintaining cell survival and function. A novel functional self-assembled peptide RADA-KPSS was constructed by conjugating BMP-7 short active fragment (KPSS) to the C-terminus of RADA16-I that displays anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects. However, whether this functional self-assembled RADA-KPSS peptide can alleviate inflammation and NPC apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has not been studied. Therefore, we cultured NPCs treated with TNF-α for 48 h with the RADA-KPSS peptide, and compared the results to those with RADA16-I peptide. The cell apoptosis rate, inflammatory mediator secretion, expression of matrix-degrading enzymes, and extracellular matrix (ECM) protein levels were evaluated. The expression of nuclear factor-κB-p65 (NF-κB-p65) protein was also tested. TNF-α-treated NPCs cultured with the RADA16-I peptide showed up-regulated gene expression for matrix-degrading enzymes, such as matrix metalloproteinases-3 (MMP-3), MMP-9, and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS-4), and down-regulated gene expression for ECM proteins such as aggrecan, collagen II, and Sox-9. The RADA-KPSS peptide could attenuate the expression of MMP-3, MMP-9, and ADAMTS-4, promote accumulation of ECM proteins, and increase secretion of glycosaminoglycan as compared with the RADA16-I peptide. Moreover, the TNF-α-damaged NPCs was further demonstrated to inhibit NF-κB-p65, IL-1, IL-6, and prostaglandin E-2 proteins and decrease cell apoptosis in RADA-KPSS peptide. In conclusion, the functional self-assembled RADA-KPSS peptides have anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects by promoting anabolic processes and inhibiting catabolic processes in intervertebral disk degeneration. These peptides may be feasible for clinical applications in NP tissue engineering. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 106A: 1082-1091, 2018.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Inflamação/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Núcleo Pulposo/patologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Tecidos Suporte/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Nanofibras/química , Núcleo Pulposo/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Nanotechnology ; 28(30): 305704, 2017 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28681729

RESUMO

The epitaxial growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is an important subject of research. Recent attention has been paid to finding new strategies for the controlled growth of single-wall CNTs with a defined chirality. In addition, many potential applications require multiwall CNTs (MWCNTs) to grow vertically from the substrate and the interface property is crucial. Here, we report for the first time that MWCNTs can grow directly from the surface of a substrate by epitaxy, based on the experimental study of individual multiwall carbon nanotubes on a large-area stainless steel substrate, which is a very useful system for electrical and mechanical applications. In particular, evidence is given of the lattice matching between the MWCNT and the lattice of a hexagonal Cr2O3: (Fe, Mn) film formed on the surface of the substrate. Furthermore, a method is developed to increase the density of the MWCNTs; a mechanism of simultaneous top and bottom growth is proposed. The resultant significantly improved electrical transport and field emission properties are also presented, showing the Ohmic contact for electrical conduction and high performance in resisting the catastrophic cold-cathode vacuum breakdown of the CNTs.

17.
Exp Ther Med ; 13(4): 1438-1446, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28413490

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is considered to be the main cause of many spinal disorders; however, its underlying pathophysiology is not clearly understood. Recent studies indicate that excessive mechanical loading may serve a major role in the initiation of IDD. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of noninvasive cumulative axial loading on the intervertebral discs of the lumbar spine using a novel rabbit model. Rabbits in the experimental group were placed into individual tubes specifically designed to force maintenance of an upright posture and were loaded with a heavy collar to increase the intradiscal pressure of their lumbar spine. Radiograph imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed every 4 weeks to provide evidence of disc degeneration. At the end of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed and disc specimens were harvested for quantitative polymerase chain reaction and histological analysis. MRI results revealed significant and progressive reductions in the signal intensities of lumbar discs in the experimental group compared with the control group throughout the 14-week study period. The expression level of type I collagen was significantly increased and the expression levels of type II collagen and aggrecan were significantly decreased in the experimental group compared with the control group (P<0.05). Histological examination revealed marked structural changes in the experimental group, including fibrocartilage-like tissue ingrowth and accelerated fibrotic changes of the nucleus pulposus. The results of the present study indicate that noninvasive cumulative axial load is able to induce accelerated degenerative changes in rabbit lumbar discs, which may provide useful information for the establishment of a novel animal model of IDD for the research of IDD in humans.

18.
Adv Mater ; 29(48)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28429541

RESUMO

The modular assembly of microstructures from simple nanoparticles offers a powerful strategy for creating materials with new functionalities. Such microstructures have unique physicochemical properties originating from confinement effects. Here, the modular assembly of scattered ketjen black nanoparticles into an oval-like microstructure via double "Fischer esterification," which is a form of surface engineering used to fine-tune the materials surface characteristics, is presented. After carbonization, the oval-like carbon microstructure shows promise as a candidate sulfur host for the fabrication of thick sulfur electrodes. Indeed, a specific discharge capacity of 8.417 mAh cm-2 at 0.1 C with a high sulfur loading of 8.9 mg cm-2 is obtained. The large-scale production of advanced lithium-sulfur battery pouch cells with an energy density of 460.08 Wh kg-1 @18.6 Ah is also reported. This work provides a radically different approach for tuning the performance of a variety of surfaces for energy storage materials and biological applications by reconfiguring nanoparticles into desired structures.

19.
Sci Rep ; 7: 45143, 2017 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28322336

RESUMO

One diode-one resistor (1D1R) memory is an effective architecture to suppress the crosstalk interference, realizing the crossbar network integration of resistive random access memory (RRAM). Herein, we designed a p+-Si/n-ZnO heterostructure with 1D1R function. Compared with the conventional multilayer 1D1R devices, the structure and fabrication technique can be largely simplified. The real-time imaging of formation/rupture process of conductive filament (CF) process demonstrated the RS mechanism by in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Meanwhile, we observed that the formed CF is only confined to the outside of depletion region of Si/ZnO pn junction, and the formation of CF does not degrade the diode performance, which allows the coexistence of RS and rectifying behaviors, revealing the 1D1R switching model. Furthermore, it has been confirmed that the CF is consisting of the oxygen vacancy by in-situ TEM characterization.

20.
Tissue Eng Part A ; 23(15-16): 837-846, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28145804

RESUMO

Recent studies suggested that notochordal cells (NCs) and NC-conditioned medium (NCCM) can stimulate cell viability and matrix production of nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs). However, the potential of notochordal cell-rich nucleus pulposus (NRNP) incorporating the native environment of the intervertebral disc (IVD) has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to develop an optimal NRNP model and test whether it can allow a significant level of NPC activation in vitro. Rabbit NRNP explants were divided into three groups according to different digestion time: digestion NRNP of 8 h, partial digestion NRNP of 2 h, and natural NRNP. Cell viability and NC phenotype were compared between these groups after 14 days of incubation. The products of the selected partial digestion NRNP group were then cocultured with human degenerated NPCs for 14 days. NPC viability, cell proliferation and senescence, the production of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) found in extracellular matrix, and NP matrix production by NPCs were assessed. The results showed that coculturing with partial digestion NRNP significantly improved the cell proliferation, cell senescence, and disc matrix gene expression of NPCs compared with those in the monoculture group. In addition, GAG/DNA ratio in the coculture group increased significantly, while the level of collagen II protein remained unchanged. In this study, we demonstrated that partial digestion NRNP may show a promising potential for NPC regeneration in IVD tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cocultura/métodos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Notocorda/citologia , Núcleo Pulposo/citologia , Animais , Contagem de Células , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Senescência Celular , DNA/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Coelhos
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