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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244977, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285621

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the serious global public health burden of liver disease. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with (HCV). In Pakistan, where the disease has high occurrence rate. The present study envisages an up-to-date prevalence of HCV and genotypic distribution in the general population of Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The blood samples from 6,538 individuals including 3,263 males and 3,275 females were analyzed for hepatitis C surface antigen by Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that 396 (12.13%) out of 3263 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HCV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HCV antibodies were found in the 31-40 age group (11.01%). The ICT positive samples were further screened by nested PCR to determine the existence of active HCV-RNA. It was identified that 7.11% (3263) of the total population (6538) tested was positive, among which the 461 (14.07%) females possessed antibodies in their blood against HCV. Our data showed total HCV infection in the investigated population was 5.78%. Higher percentage of HCV prevalence was detected in males than females in the age group 31-40 and 41-50. To compare the prevalence of HCV genotypes age-wise in male and female genotype 3a was found most prevalent genotype followed by 1a, 2a and 3b, respectively.


Resumo O vírus da hepatite C (HCV) é o grave problema de saúde pública das doenças hepáticas. Aproximadamente 170 milhões de pessoas no mundo estão infectadas com HCV; no Paquistão, a doença tem alto índice de ocorrência. O presente estudo prevê uma prevalência atualizada do HCV e distribuição genotípica na população geral do distrito de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Paquistão. As amostras de sangue de 6.538 indivíduos, incluindo 3.263 homens e 3.275 mulheres, foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite C por teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA) e reação em cadeia da polimerase de transcrição reversa (PCR). Verificou-se que 396 (12,13%) de 3.263 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV, enquanto entre as diferentes faixas etárias as maiores incidências de anticorpos anti-HCV foram encontradas na faixa etária de 31 a 40 anos (11,01%). As amostras positivas para ICT foram posteriormente rastreadas por nested PCR para determinar a existência de HCV-RNA ativo. Identificou-se que 7,11% (3.263) do total da população (6.538) testada foram positivos, dentre os quais 461 (14,07%) mulheres possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV. Nossos dados mostraram que a infecção total pelo HCV na população investigada foi de 5,78%. Maior porcentagem de prevalência de HCV foi detectada em homens do que em mulheres nas faixas etárias de 31-40 e 41-50. Para comparar a prevalência de genótipos de HCV com relação à idade no genótipo masculino e feminino 3a foi encontrado o genótipo mais prevalente seguido por 1a, 2a e 3b, respectivamente.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e245813, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285592

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis B virus infection is perilous among the five types of Hepatitis, as it remains clinically asymptomatic. The present study draws up-to-date prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population of Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The blood samples from 4803 individuals including 2399 male and 2404 females were investigated. All the suspected samples were analyzed for hepatitis B surface antigen using Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and followed by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that 312 (13.00%) out of 2399 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HBV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HBV antibodies were found in the age of 21-30 groups (10.73%). Furthermore, the ICT positive samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the existence of active HBV-DNA. It was observed that 169 (7.04%) out of (2399) male of the total population (4803) tested was positive. On the other hand, the female 463 (19.25%) possessed antibodies in their blood against HBV. Accumulatively, our results showed a higher percentage of HBV prevalence in males than females in the age group 21-30 years. The total HCV infected in Mardan general population was recorded at 5.7% comprising both male and female.


Resumo A infecção pelo vírus da hepatite B é perigosa entre os cinco tipos de hepatite, pois permanece clinicamente assintomática. O presente estudo traça a prevalência atualizada do vírus da hepatite B (HBV) na população geral de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, no Paquistão. Amostras de sangue de 4.803 indivíduos, incluindo 2.399 homens e 2.404 mulheres, foram investigadas. Todas as amostras suspeitas foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite B usando teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), seguido por transcrição reversa-reação em cadeia da polimerase (RT-PCR). Os resultados mostraram que 312 (13,00%) de 2.399 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o VHB, enquanto, entre as diferentes faixas etárias, as maiores incidências de anticorpos VHB foram encontradas nos grupos de 21 a 30 anos (10,73%). Além disso, amostras positivas para ICT foram rastreadas por reação em cadeia da polimerase aninhada para detectar a existência de HBV-DNA ativo. Observou-se que 169 (7,04%) de 2.399 homens do total da população (4803) testados foram positivos. Por outro lado, 463 mulheres (19,25%) possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra VHB. Acumulativamente, nossos resultados mostraram uma porcentagem maior de prevalência de HBV em homens do que em mulheres na faixa etária de 21 a 30 anos. O total de HCV infectados na população geral de Mardan foi registrado em 5,7%, incluindo homens e mulheres.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(8): 082002, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477419

RESUMO

We report a measurement of the observed cross sections of e^{+}e^{-}→J/ψX based on 3.21 fb^{-1} of data accumulated at energies from 3.645 to 3.891 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider. In analysis of the cross sections, we measured the decay branching fractions of B(ψ(3686)→J/ψX)=(64.4±0.6±1.6)% and B(ψ(3770)→J/ψX)=(0.5±0.2±0.1)% for the first time. The energy-dependent line shape of these cross sections cannot be well described by two Breit-Wigner (BW) amplitudes of the expected decays ψ(3686)→J/ψX and ψ(3770)→J/ψX. Instead, it can be better described with one more BW amplitude of the decay R(3760)→J/ψX. Under this assumption, we extracted the R(3760) mass M_{R(3760)}=3766.2±3.8±0.4 MeV/c^{2} , total width Γ_{R(3760)}^{tot}=22.2±5.9±1.4 MeV, and product of leptonic width and decay branching fraction Γ_{R(3760)}^{ee}B[R(3760)→J/ψX]=(79.4±85.5±11.7) eV. The significance of the R(3760) is 5.3σ. The first uncertainties of these measured quantities are from fits to the cross sections and second systematic.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(16): 5293-5303, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was probed to uncover the mechanism of miR-142-5p in septic liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, in-vitro and in-vivo models of sepsis were used. For in-vitro sepsis model, hepatocyte cell line (L02 cells) was treated with LPS (lipopolysaccharide). Whereas for in-vivo sepsis model, cecal ligation and puncture were performed in mice. Mice were assigned into three groups: control, CLP (Cecal Ligation Puncture), CLP + miR-142-5p inhibitor group. Liver injury was assessed via H&E staining. IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1ß expressions were assayed through ELISA kits. C-caspase-9, C-caspase-3, ERK, p65, and IκBα expressions were determined via western blot and RT-qPCR. Apoptosis in LPS-induced L02 cells was detected by TUNEL staining. RESULTS: Our results show that miR-142-5p exhibited perspicuous upregulation in CLP mice tissues and LPS-induced L02 cells. On the other hand, inhibition of miR-142-5p could promote LPS-induced L02 cell activity and reduce apoptosis and inflammation. In terms of molecular mechanism, downregulation of miR-142-5p could abate sepsis-mediated acute hepatic injury by targeting SOCS1, through ERK and NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Overall our results demonstrate that miR-142-5p inhibitors can mitigate septic liver injury by downregulating the inflammation and apoptosis via targeting SOCS1. Thus, miR-142-5p can serve a potential therapeutic target for sepsis mediated acute hepatic injury.

6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 929-937, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285261

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The objective of the present study was to investigate the different plasma metabolites between anestrus and estrus postpartum dairy cows and to provide a theoretical basis for prevention of anestrus in dairy farm cows. In the experiment, one hundred and sixty-seven Holstein dairy cows were selected with similar age and parity. According to the concentration of β-hydroxybutyric acid, non-esterified fatty acids and glucose in plasma during 14 to 21 days in milk, all dairy cows were determined as having a status of energy balance. According to the results of clinical symptom, rectal and B ultrasound examination at 60 to 90 days postpartum, these cows were divided into twenty estrus and twenty-four anestrus group, other dairy cows were removed. 1H nuclear magnetic resonance technology was utilized to detect the plasma metabolites changes and screen different plasma metabolites between anestrus and estrus cows. Ten different metabolites including alanine, glutamic acid, asparagine, creatine, choline, phosphocholine, glycerophosphocholine, low-density lipoprotein, and very-low-density lipoprotein were significantly decreased in anestrous cows compared with estrous cows. Metabolic pathway analyses indicated that differential metabolites were primarily involved in amino acid and glycerophospholipid metabolism. These metabolites and their enrichment pathways indicate that reduced steroid hormone synthesis precursors result in lower levels of estradiol and progesterone and cause anestrus in negative energy balance. These data provide a better understanding of the changes that may affect estrus of postpartum dairy cows at NEB status and lay the ground for further research.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar os diferentes metabolitos do plasma entre o cio e o cio pós-parto de vacas leiteiras e fornecer uma base teórica para a prevenção do cio de vacas em fazendas de leite. No experimento, foram selecionadas 127 vacas leiteiras Holstein com idade e paridade similares. De acordo com a concentração de β- ácido hidroxibutírico, ácidos graxos não esterificados e glicose no plasma entre 14 e 21 dias no leite, todas as vacas leiteiras foram determinadas em estado de equilíbrio energético. De acordo com os resultados dos sintomas clínicos, do exame de ultra-som retal e B aos 60 a 90 dias pós-parto, estas vacas foram divididas em vinte cios e vinte e quatro grupos de cio, outras vacas leiteiras foram removidas. A tecnologia de ressonância magnética nuclear 1H foi utilizada para detectar as alterações dos metabólitos plasmáticos e para triar diferentes metabólitos plasmáticos entre as vacas do cio e do cio. Dez diferentes metabólitos incluindo alanina, ácido glutâmico, asparagina, creatina, colina, fosfocholina, glicerofosfocolina, lipoproteína de baixa densidade e lipoproteína de muito baixa densidade foram significativamente diminuídos nas vacas antróficas em comparação com as vacas estro. As análises da via metabólica indicaram que os metabólitos diferenciais estavam principalmente envolvidos no metabolismo de aminoácidos e glicerofosfolipídios. Estes metabólitos e suas vias de enriquecimento indicam que a redução dos precursores da síntese de hormônios esteróides resulta em níveis mais baixos de estradiol e progesterona e causa anestros no balanço energético negativo. Estes dados fornecem uma melhor compreensão das mudanças que podem afetar o cio das vacas leiteiras pós-parto no estado de NEB e preparam o terreno para mais pesquisas.

7.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e244977, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287506

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the serious global public health burden of liver disease. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with (HCV). In Pakistan, where the disease has high occurrence rate. The present study envisages an up-to-date prevalence of HCV and genotypic distribution in the general population of Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The blood samples from 6,538 individuals including 3,263 males and 3,275 females were analyzed for hepatitis C surface antigen by Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that 396 (12.13%) out of 3263 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HCV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HCV antibodies were found in the 31-40 age group (11.01%). The ICT positive samples were further screened by nested PCR to determine the existence of active HCV-RNA. It was identified that 7.11% (3263) of the total population (6538) tested was positive, among which the 461 (14.07%) females possessed antibodies in their blood against HCV. Our data showed total HCV infection in the investigated population was 5.78%. Higher percentage of HCV prevalence was detected in males than females in the age group 31-40 and 41-50. To compare the prevalence of HCV genotypes age-wise in male and female genotype 3a was found most prevalent genotype followed by 1a, 2a and 3b, respectively.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus , Hepatite C , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência
8.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e245813, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287527

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus infection is perilous among the five types of Hepatitis, as it remains clinically asymptomatic. The present study draws up-to-date prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population of Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The blood samples from 4803 individuals including 2399 male and 2404 females were investigated. All the suspected samples were analyzed for hepatitis B surface antigen using Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and followed by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that 312 (13.00%) out of 2399 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HBV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HBV antibodies were found in the age of 21-30 groups (10.73%). Furthermore, the ICT positive samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the existence of active HBV-DNA. It was observed that 169 (7.04%) out of (2399) male of the total population (4803) tested was positive. On the other hand, the female 463 (19.25%) possessed antibodies in their blood against HBV. Accumulatively, our results showed a higher percentage of HBV prevalence in males than females in the age group 21-30 years. The total HCV infected in Mardan general population was recorded at 5.7% comprising both male and female.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Adulto , Feminino , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218558

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of preventive intervention on occupational exposure of nurses after tumor particle implantation in thoracic surgery. Methods: In March 2020, 99 nurses who were engaged in postoperative nursing of tumor particle implantation in thoracic surgery department of our hospital from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected as the research objects. According to different preventive interventions, they were divided into observation group (51 cases) and control group (48 cases) . The observation group received preventive intervention, while the control group received routine intervention. The differences of radiation dose, psychological state and abnormal rate of important organ function between the two groups were analyzed. Results: Compared with the control group, the radiation dose of the observation group was significantly less, and the scores of anxiety and depression were lower after the intervention, the difference were statistically significant (P<0.05) . There was no significant difference of the abnormal rate of important organ function between the two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion: Preventive intervention can reduce the risk of occupational exposure and improve the psychological status of nurses after tumor particle implantation in thoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Exposição Ocupacional , Cirurgia Torácica , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Humanos
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218571

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the short-term effects of welding fumes on workers' lung function in the welding environment preliminarily, and provide reference for future research. Methods: In October 2020, the lung function of the subjects was repeatedly measured before and after the working shift with a panel study. The paired t test was used to compare the lung function before and after the shift, and the linear mixed effects model was used to analyze the short-term changes of lung function. Results: 36 male welders were included, and the average age was (30.72±5.21) years, average employed year was (4.36±2.17) years. And the average concentration of welding fume was (1.27±0.49) mg/m(3). The forced vital capacity (FVC) , forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) of welders after the shift were significantly lower than those before the shift (t=19.52, 48.13, 62.03, P<0.05) . After adjusting the workers' age, BMI and employed years, the changes of FVC% and FEV1% with the concentration of welding fume were statistically significant (ß=-1.02, 95%CI: -1.54--0.52; ß=-1.56, 95%CI: -1.95--1.16; P<0.01) . In another word, for the 1 mg/m(3) increase of welding fume in the working environment, compared with the baseline, the FVC decreases by 1.02%, and FEV1 decreases by 1.56%. Conclusion: Short-term exposure to welding fumes in workplace can reduce the lung function of welders.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Soldagem , Adulto , Humanos , Pulmão , Masculino , Capacidade Vital
11.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(12): 4247-4257, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of LncRNA FAM201A mediating lung squamous cell carcinoma progression through interaction with miR-101. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NCI-H520 cells and SK-MES-1 cells were transfected with miRNA-101-mimics and miRNA-101-inhibitor, the quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect FAM201A and miR-101 expression. CCK-8, Wound healing assay and transwell assay were utilized to detect the influence of FAM201A on the malignancy of NCI-H520NCI-H520 and SK-MES-1SK-MES-1 cells. Cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry. The underlying pathways of FAM201A were measured using Western blot. Xenograft tumor experiments were conducted to detect tumor growth and metastasis in vivo.NCI-H520SK-MES-1 Kaplan-Meier method calculated patient survival. RESULTS: (1) Silencing of FAM201A inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of NCI-H520 and SK-MES-1cells and stimulated cell apoptosis significantly. Furthermore, FAM201A elimination hindered tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. (2) Compared with the si-control group, the protein expression of Ki67, Vimentin, Cleaved-caspase-3 and N-cadherin were decreased in the si-FAM201A group. (3) After transfection of miR-101-mimics, the expression level of Vimentin protein was significantly increased, while the expression level of Vimentin protein was significantly decreased after miR-101-inhibitor transfection. (4) MiR-101 mimics could alleviate FAM201A silencing-induced inhibitive effects on cell proliferation, migration, invasion and promotive effects on cell apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: FAM201A could target miR-101 and upregulate Vimentin to inhibit lung cancer progression. FAM201A was expected to be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for lung cancer.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

14.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211023792, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219514

RESUMO

Taraxasterol (TAR) is a kind of active compound extracted from dandelion and its molecular structure resembles steroid hormones. Recently, TAR has been reported to show an anti-tumor activity. However, the specific role of TAR in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the effect of TAR on PTC cell migration, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by TGF-ß1. PTC cells were exposed to TGF-ß1 (5 ng/mL) and then treated with different concentrations of TAR. We found that TAR showed no obvious cytotoxicity below 10 µg/mL but notably reduced migration and invasion of TGF-ß1-treated PTC cells. Moreover, TAR treatment decreased MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels, and obviously affected the expression of EMT markers. We also observed that Wnt3a and ß-catenin levels were significantly increased in TGF-ß1-treated PTC cells while TAR inhibited these effects in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, activation of the Wnt pathway by LiCl attenuated the suppressive effect of TAR on TGF-ß1-induced migration, invasion and EMT in PTC cells. Taken together, we highlighted that TAR could significantly suppress TGF-ß1-regulated migration and invasion by reversing the EMT process via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, suggesting that TAR may be a potential anti-cancer agent for PTC treatment.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074076

RESUMO

Objective: To screen and identify plasma differentially expressed genes and related signal pathway by human gene expression profile array and fluorescent quantitative PCR. Methods: From September 2018 to October 2019, 291 workers from a Mercury-in-glass thermometer factory in Jiangsu Province were selected for an occupational health examination, a total of 60 persons were divided into two groups: high and low mercury exposure groups (30 persons in each group) . Plasma total RNA samples from the high exposure group and the low exposure group (10 cases each) were detected by gene expression microarray, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with fold change >2 were selected. DEGs were submitted to David and Metascape for gene function clustering, pathway and protein interaction network analysis. Finally, fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to verify the changes in the expression levels of key DEGs in the high exposure group and the low exposure group (another 20 cases in each group) . Results: A total of 269 DEGs, of which 203 up regulated and 66 down regulated were identified in the differential expression analysis of gene expression microarray. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that, DEGs were involved in forebrain development, glial cell fate determinants of GO biological process and PID NF-KB, PTEN signal pathway. NFE2L1, SOX8, SOX6 and RNF2 (P<0.05) were confirmed down regulated in high level group by fluorescent quantitative PCR compared with the low level group (fold changes were 2.10, 11.52, 2.19, and 4.38 respectively) . Conclusion: The plasma NFE2L1, SOX8, SOX6 and RNF2 gene expressions are significantly altered in occupa tional high mercury exposure population. PTEN signaling pathway and fate of glia cells determines the biological process may be closely related to the body injury caused by mercury exposure.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Mercúrio/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Análise por Conglomerados , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fator 1 Relacionado a NF-E2/sangue , Neuroglia/efeitos dos fármacos , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/sangue , Fatores de Transcrição SOXD/sangue , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/sangue , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Nature ; 594(7861): 33-36, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002091

RESUMO

The extension of the cosmic-ray spectrum beyond 1 petaelectronvolt (PeV; 1015 electronvolts) indicates the existence of the so-called PeVatrons-cosmic-ray factories that accelerate particles to PeV energies. We need to locate and identify such objects to find the origin of Galactic cosmic rays1. The principal signature of both electron and proton PeVatrons is ultrahigh-energy (exceeding 100 TeV) γ radiation. Evidence of the presence of a proton PeVatron has been found in the Galactic Centre, according to the detection of a hard-spectrum radiation extending to 0.04 PeV (ref. 2). Although γ-rays with energies slightly higher than 0.1 PeV have been reported from a few objects in the Galactic plane3-6, unbiased identification and in-depth exploration of PeVatrons requires detection of γ-rays with energies well above 0.1 PeV. Here we report the detection of more than 530 photons at energies above 100 teraelectronvolts and up to 1.4 PeV from 12 ultrahigh-energy γ-ray sources with a statistical significance greater than seven standard deviations. Despite having several potential counterparts in their proximity, including pulsar wind nebulae, supernova remnants and star-forming regions, the PeVatrons responsible for the ultrahigh-energy γ-rays have not yet been firmly localized and identified (except for the Crab Nebula), leaving open the origin of these extreme accelerators.

17.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(4): 588-592, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Xinhui citrus fermentation liquor on liver fibrosis in mice. OBJECTIVE: Mouse models of liver fibrosis were established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in 105 male C57BL/6 mice, followed by gavage of 0.1 mL 40% CCl4 olive oil 3 times a week (model group, n=49) or daily gavage of citrus liquor at the dose of 0.26 mL (citrus liquor group, n=56) for 8 weeks. Seven mice receiving only olive oil treatment (0.1 mL, 3 times a week) and another 7 treated with citrus liquor served as the control group. Liver tissues and serum samples were collected from 7 mice in the citrus liquor group and model group each week and from the mice in the two control groups at the 8th week for pathological examination of the liver tissues using HE staining and Sirius red staining and for determination of the biochemical indexes of liver function. OBJECTIVE: The mice in the model group showed progressively worsened liver fibrosis with obvious hepatic steatosis, necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration. These liver pathologies were much ameliorated in citrus liquor group, which showed significantly reduced vacuolation, inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen deposition and the Ishak score of the liver tissue (P < 0.05). Serum levels of cholyglycine, alanine aminotransferase, transglutaminase and alanine aminotransferase were all significantly lower in citrus liquor group than in the model group (P < 0.05). OBJECTIVE: Xinhui citrus fermentation liquor has protective effect on the liver and can significantly ameliorate liver fibrosis in mice.


Assuntos
Tetracloreto de Carbono , Citrus , Animais , Tetracloreto de Carbono/metabolismo , Fermentação , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
18.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211012925, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009057

RESUMO

The nanofibrous nature and its intricate structural organization are the basis for the extraordinary ability of sound enamel to outlive masticatory forces at minimal failure rates. Apatite nanofibers of several hundreds of micrometers to possibly millimeters in length originate during the secretory stage of amelogenesis as 2-nm-thin and 15-nm-wide ribbons that develop and grow in length under the guidance of a dynamic mixture of specialized proteins, the developing enamel matrix (DEM). A critical role in the unidirectional and oriented growth of enamel mineral ribbons has been attributed to amelogenin, the major constituent of the DEM. This review elaborates on recent studies on the ability of ribbon-like assemblies of amelogenin to template the formation of an amorphous calcium phosphate precursor that transforms into apatite mineral ribbons similar to the ones observed in developing enamel. A mechanistic model of the biological processes that drive biomineralization in enamel is presented in the context of a comparative analysis of enamel mouse models and earlier structural data of the DEM emphasizing a regulatory role of the matrix metalloproteinase 20 in mineral deposition and the involvement of a process-directing agent for the templated mineral growth directed by amelogenin nanoribbons.

19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(3): 271-274, 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902196

RESUMO

To construct cellular senescence model by stimulating primary hepatocytes with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Primary hepatocytes were transfected with p53 siRNA, progerin siRNA or IGF-1 adenovirus vector. The number of SA-ß-Gal stained positive cells and the expression of p53 and progerin were detected. The results showed that p53 siRNA and progerin siRNA had knocked-down the expression of p53 and progerin, and had alleviated the hepatocyte senescence. Transfection of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 adenovirus vector into primary hepatocytes had overexpressed IGF-1, and had alleviated the number of SA-ß-Gal-positive cells. The expression of p53 and progerin was down-regulated in the nucleus, while the expression of p53 was up-regulated in the cytoplasm. The co-precipitation and co-localization of p53 and progerin was decreased in the nuclear region of hepatocytes. IGF-1 overexpression can inhibit intranuclear p53 translocation, alleviate the interaction between p53-progerin, and alleviate hepatocyte senescence.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Senescência Celular , Hepatócitos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
20.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(3): 218-224, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721935

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the distribution of blood eosinophils (EOS) in COPD patients in the community and outpatient clinics, and to study the clinical characteristics and influencing factors of COPD patients with high EOS counts. Methods: This study included 237 patients with stable COPD, of which the median age was 68 years and males accounted for 81.2%. There were 45 community patients from the China Pulmonary Health study conducted in 2012-2013 and another 192 outpatients who attended the Respiratory Department of Peking University Third Hospital from August 2013 to November 2014 or from September 2015 to May 2018. Taking 100 cells/µl as the cut-off value, it was divided into high EOS group (146 people, 61.6%) and low EOS group (91 people, 38.4%). We compared demographic characteristics, respiratory symptoms, acute exacerbation, lung function, inflammation, imaging and other indicators. Results: The median EOS count of community patients was 110.4 cells/µl, and that of outpatients was 110.0 cells/µl. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of blood EOS among community and outpatients. The median EOS count of the general population was 110.0 cells/µl, and the median percentage was 1.8%. EOS≥300 cells/µl accounted for 11.4%. In the high EOS group, the percentage of male gender was higher (85.6% vs 74.7%), the GOLD grade was more severe, and the percentage of neutrophils was lower (61.70% vs 64.70%) (P<0.05 for these three characteristics). After multivariate analysis, the high EOS group was closely related to older age (OR=1.035, 95%CI:1.004-1.067, P=0.029), heavier GOLD grade (P=0.015) and lower percentage of neutrophils (OR=0.956, 95%CI:0.923-0.991, P=0.015). Conclusion: The distribution of blood EOS of COPD patients between the community and the outpatient clinics is not significantly different. About 60% of COPD patients have blood EOS≥100 cells/µl, which is associated with advanced age, male, severe airflow limitation, and low neutrophils.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Eosinófilos , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino
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