Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 126
Filtrar
1.
Am J Pathol ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617784

RESUMO

The endothelial glycoprotein thrombomodulin regulates coagulation, inflammation and apoptosis. In diabetic mice, reduced thrombomodulin function results in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Moreover, thrombomodulin treatment reduces renal inflammation and fibrosis. Here, thrombomodulin expression was examined in human kidney samples to investigate the possibility of targeting thrombomodulin in patients with DN. Glomerular thrombomodulin was analyzed together with the number of glomerular macrophages in 90 autopsied diabetic cases with DN, 55 autopsied diabetic cases without DN, and 37 autopsied cases without diabetes or kidney disease. Thrombomodulin mRNA was measured in glomeruli microdissected from renal biopsies from DN patients and non-diabetic controls. Finally, glomerular thrombomodulin was measured in diabetic mice following treatment with the selective endothelin A receptor (ETAR) blocker atrasentan. In diabetic patients, glomerular thrombomodulin expression was increased at the mRNA level, but decreased at the protein level compared to non-diabetic controls. Reduced glomerular thrombomodulin was associated with an increased glomerular influx of macrophages. Blocking the ETAR with atrasentan restored glomerular thrombomodulin protein levels in diabetic mice to normal levels. The reduction in glomerular thrombomodulin in diabetes likely serves as an early proinflammatory step in the pathogenesis of DN. Thrombomodulin protein may be cleaved under diabetic conditions, leading to a compensatory increase in transcription. The nephroprotective effects of ETAR antagonists in diabetic patients may be attributed to the restoration of glomerular thrombomodulin.

2.
Clin Chem ; 67(2): 351-362, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Originally studied as a mechanism to understand eclampsia-related deaths during pregnancy, fetal cells in maternal blood have more recently garnered attention as a noninvasive source of fetal material for prenatal testing. In the 21st century, however, intact fetal cells have been largely supplanted by circulating cell-free placental DNA for aneuploidy screening. Instead, interest has pivoted to the ways in which fetal cells influence maternal biology. In parallel, an increasing appreciation of the consequences of maternal cells in the developing fetus has occurred. CONTENT: In this review, we highlight the potential clinical applications and functional consequences of the bidirectional trafficking of intact cells between a pregnant woman and her fetus. Fetal cells play a potential role in the pathogenesis of maternal disease and tissue repair. Maternal cells play an essential role in educating the fetal immune system and as a factor in transplant acceptance. Naturally occurring maternal microchimerism is also being explored as a source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplant in fetal hematopoietic disorders. SUMMARY: Future investigations in humans need to include complete pregnancy histories to understand maternal health and transplant success or failure. Animal models are useful to understand the mechanisms underlying fetal wound healing and/or repair associated with maternal injury and inflammation. The lifelong consequences of the exchange of cells between a mother and her child are profound and have many applications in development, health, and disease. This intricate exchange of genetically foreign cells creates a permanent connection that contributes to the survival of both individuals.

3.
Kidney Int ; 98(5): 1120-1134, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866505

RESUMO

Over the past 2 decades, scoring systems for multiple glomerular diseases have emerged, as have consortia of pathologists and nephrologists for the study of glomerular diseases, including correlation of pathologic findings with clinical features and outcomes. However, one important limitation faced by members of these consortia and other renal pathologists and nephrologists in both investigative work and routine practice remains a lack of uniformity and precision in clearly defining the morphologic lesions on which the scoring systems are based. In response to this issue, the Renal Pathology Society organized a working group to identify the most frequently identified glomerular lesions observed by light microscopy and electron microscopy, review the literature to capture the published definitions most often used for each, and determine consensus terms and definitions for each lesion in a series of online and in-person meetings. The defined lesions or abnormal findings are not specific for any individual disease or subset of diseases, but rather can be applied across the full spectrum of glomerular diseases and within the context of the different scoring systems used for evaluating and reporting these diseases. In addition to facilitating glomerular disease research, standardized terms and definitions should help harmonize reporting of medical kidney diseases worldwide and lead to more-precise diagnoses and improved patient care.

4.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 15(8): 1103-1111, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The histopathologic classification for ANCA-associated GN distinguishes four classes on the basis of patterns of injury. In the original validation study, these classes were ordered by severity of kidney function loss as follows: focal, crescentic, mixed, and sclerotic. Subsequent validation studies disagreed on outcomes in the crescentic and mixed classes. This study, driven by the original investigators, provides several analyses in order to determine the current position of the histopathologic classification of ANCA-associated GN. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A validation study was performed with newly collected data from 145 patients from ten centers worldwide, including an analysis of interobserver agreement on the histopathologic evaluation of the kidney biopsies. This study also included a meta-analysis on previous validation studies and a validation of the recently proposed ANCA kidney risk score. RESULTS: The validation study showed that kidney failure at 10-year follow-up was significantly different between the histopathologic classes (P<0.001). Kidney failure at 10-year follow-up was 14% in the crescentic class versus 20% in the mixed class (P=0.98). In the meta-analysis, no significant difference in kidney failure was also observed when crescentic class was compared with mixed class (relative risk, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.94 to 1.41). When we applied the ANCA kidney risk score to our cohort, kidney survival at 3 years was 100%, 96%, and 77% in the low-, medium-, and high-risk groups, respectively (P<0.001). These survival percentages are higher compared with the percentages in the original study. CONCLUSIONS: The crescentic and mixed classes seem to have a similar prognosis, also after adjusting for differences in patient populations, treatment, and interobserver agreement. However, at this stage, we are not inclined to merge the crescentic and mixed classes because the reported confidence intervals do not exclude important differences in prognosis and because an important histopathologic distinction would be lost.

5.
Am J Transplant ; 20(10): 2905-2915, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277568

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) hold promise as a novel immune-modulatory therapy in organ transplantation. First clinical studies have used autologous MSCs; however, the use of allogeneic "off-the-shelf" MSCs is more sustainable for broad clinical implementation, although with the risk of causing sensitization. We investigated safety and feasibility of allogeneic MSCs in renal transplantation, using a matching strategy that prevented repeated mismatches. Ten patients received two doses of 1.5 × 106 /kg allogeneic MSCs 6 months after transplantation in a single-center nonrandomized phase Ib trial, followed by lowering of tacrolimus (trough level 3 ng/mL) in combination with everolimus and prednisone. Primary end point was safety, measured by biopsy proven acute rejection (BPAR) and graft loss 12 months after transplantation. Immune monitoring was performed before and after infusion. No BPAR or graft loss occurred and renal function remained stable. One patient retrospectively had DSAs against MSCs, formed before infusion. No major alterations in T and B cell populations or plasma cytokines were observed upon MSC infusion. Administration of HLA selected allogeneic MSCs combined with low-dose tacrolimus 6 months after transplantation is safe at least in the first year after renal transplantation. This sets the stage to further explore the efficacy of third-party MSCs in renal transplantation.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 713-723, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2012 EULAR/ERA-EDTA recommendations for the management of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Following the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was performed. Members of a multidisciplinary Task Force voted independently on their level of agreeement with the formed statements. RESULTS: The changes include recommendations for treatment targets, use of glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). The target of therapy is complete response (proteinuria <0.5-0.7 g/24 hours with (near-)normal glomerular filtration rate) by 12 months, but this can be extended in patients with baseline nephrotic-range proteinuria. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended with regular ophthalmological monitoring. In active proliferative LN, initial (induction) treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF 2-3 g/day or mycophenolic acid (MPA) at equivalent dose) or low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY; 500 mg × 6 biweekly doses), both combined with glucocorticoids (pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone, then oral prednisone 0.3-0.5 mg/kg/day) is recommended. MMF/CNI (especially tacrolimus) combination and high-dose CY are alternatives, for patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria and adverse prognostic factors. Subsequent long-term maintenance treatment with MMF or azathioprine should follow, with no or low-dose (<7.5 mg/day) glucocorticoids. The choice of agent depends on the initial regimen and plans for pregnancy. In non-responding disease, switch of induction regimens or rituximab are recommended. In pure membranous LN with nephrotic-range proteinuria or proteinuria >1 g/24 hours despite renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade, MMF in combination with glucocorticoids is preferred. Assessment for kidney and extra-renal disease activity, and management of comorbidities is lifelong with repeat kidney biopsy in cases of incomplete response or nephritic flares. In ESKD, transplantation is the preferred kidney replacement option with immunosuppression guided by transplant protocols and/or extra-renal manifestations. Treatment of LN in children follows the same principles as adult disease. CONCLUSIONS: We have updated the EULAR recommendations for the management of LN to facilitate homogenization of patient care.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Médicas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Proteinúria/terapia
7.
Kidney Int ; 97(1): 27-29, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901351

RESUMO

Malvar et al. report the results of a study on protocolized repeat renal biopsies in 76 patients with class III or IV (± class V) lupus nephritis. They show that managing maintenance therapy in patients with lupus nephritis through protocolized repeat kidney biopsies results in a lower flare rate. Provided that these results can be replicated in other studies, there is an argument for protocolized repeat kidney biopsies to become the standard of care.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica , Biópsia , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Rim
9.
J Rheumatol ; 46(11): 1425-1427, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676544
10.
Semin Immunol ; 45: 101339, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718864

RESUMO

Complement is a key component of the innate immune defence and in addition forms a bridge to the adaptive immune responses. As such complement is of vital importance for efficient protection against infections. However, the activity of the complement system can also aberrantly be directed against the tissues of the body itself and contribute to organ damage in a variety of diseases. In several rheumatic diseases complement activation is suggested to play a pronounced role. This review will highlight the role of both complement activation and complement regulation in rheumatic disease. A contribution of complement to the disease process is often suggested based on the presence of complement activation fragments in the target tissues or the presence of complement activation fragments in the circulation. The role that complement plays in different rheumatic diseases is often unknown but is thought to contribute to tissue damage as a consequence of autoantibody mediated immune complex formation and deposition. In addition reduced complement inhibition mediated by endogenous complement regulators can also enhance complement activity and tissue damage. In observational studies, it is difficult to distinguish whether complement activation is a result of enhanced activation or decreased regulation. Until recently, strong conclusions on the relative importance of complement activation to the pathology were largely restricted to animal experiments. Usage of complement targeting therapeutics in humans will hopefully give us the opportunity to study the actual contribution of complement activation towards disease progression and tissue damage in rheumatic disease into more detail.


Assuntos
Ativação do Complemento/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Doenças Reumáticas/etiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/metabolismo , Animais , Autoimunidade , Ativação do Complemento/genética , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620785
12.
Kidney Int ; 96(3): 738-749, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327475

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest that complement plays a role in the pathogenesis of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Moreover, co-localization of IgM and C3 deposits with FSGS lesions has frequently been reported. Here, we investigated whether glomerular complement deposition precedes the development of FSGS and whether it represents local complement activation. Renal biopsies from 40 patients with primary FSGS, 84 patients with minimal change disease, and 10 healthy individuals were stained for C4d, C1q, and mannose-binding lectin. C4d deposits were also measured in renal allograft biopsies from 34 patients with native primary FSGS, 18 of whom subsequently developed recurrent FSGS. Lastly, we measured C4d deposits in the Munich Wistar Frömter rat model of FSGS. The prevalence of C4d-positive glomeruli was significantly higher among patients with FSGS (73%) compared to patients with minimal change disease (21%) and healthy individuals (10%). Moreover, segmental sclerosis was absent in 42% of C4d-positive glomeruli. Glomerular C1q was significantly more prevalent in FSGS compared to minimal change disease or healthy individuals, while mannose-binding lectin was infrequently observed. C4d deposition was significantly more prevalent in recurrent FSGS (72%) before the development of sclerotic lesions compared to control transplant samples (27%). Finally, at the onset of albuminuria but before the development of FSGS lesions, Munich Wistar Frömter rats had a significantly higher percentage of C4d-positive glomeruli (31%) compared to control rats (4%). Thus, glomerular C4d deposition can precede the development of FSGS, suggesting that complement activation may play a pathogenic role in the development of FSGS.


Assuntos
Ativação do Complemento , Complemento C4b/metabolismo , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/imunologia , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Nefrose Lipoide/patologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos/imunologia , Aloenxertos/patologia , Animais , Biópsia , Criança , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/patologia , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/cirurgia , Humanos , Glomérulos Renais/imunologia , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ratos , Recidiva , Adulto Jovem
13.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1405, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297110

RESUMO

Proteinuria has been identified as prognosticator of renal outcome in patients with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis, but whether proteinuria is related to podocyte abnormalities in these patients is largely unknown. We here investigate podocyte foot process width and number of podocytes positive for the podocyte marker WT-1 in diagnostic renal biopsies of 25 Caucasian patients with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis in relation to proteinuria. Control tissue was used from pre-transplantation donor kidney biopsies. Proteinuria at 10 weeks follow-up correlated significantly with foot process width (P = 0.04). Biopsies with foot process width ≥600 nm belonged more often to the crescentic or mixed class, whereas biopsies with a foot process width <600 nm were most often categorized as focal class (P = 0.03). The mean number of podocytes based upon expression of WT-1 was significantly lower in patients compared to controls (15 vs. 34 podocytes per glomerulus; P < 0.0001). The significant decrease in expression of the podocyte WT-1 marker in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis is considered indicative of actual podocyte loss or at least, of a loss of functionality. Furthermore, our study indicates that podocyte foot process width at baseline could be indicative for proteinuria at short term follow up. For prognostic purposes, we therefore suggest to include a description of the foot process width in the diagnostic report of a biopsy with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Podócitos/imunologia , Proteinúria/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/patologia , Glomerulonefrite/cirurgia , Humanos , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Podócitos/patologia , Proteinúria/patologia , Proteinúria/cirurgia
15.
Mod Pathol ; 32(8): 1147-1157, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936425

RESUMO

Complement factor C4d was recently observed in renal biopsies from patients who had IgA nephropathy and a poor prognosis. We previously reported that C4d is a common denominator in microangiopathies. In this retrospective cohort study, we investigated whether C4d is a marker of microangiopathy in both IgA nephropathy and IgA vasculitis with nephritis, and whether patients with C4d and microangiopathy have poor renal outcome. We examined 128 renal biopsies from adult and pediatric patients, including normotensive and hypertensive patients, who presented with IgA nephropathy or IgA vasculitis with nephritis. Biopsies were re-evaluated in accordance with the Oxford classification, scored for additional lesions, and stained for complement proteins using immunohistochemistry, including C4d and C5b-9. Clinical data were collected with a mean (±SD) follow-up period of 51 ± 39 months. Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate over time were compared using linear mixed-effects models. Renal survival was analyzed using multivariable Cox regression. Microangiopathic lesions were present in 20% of all biopsies (23% and 9% of patients with IgA nephropathy and IgA vasculitis with nephritis, respectively). Microangiopathy was associated with C4d and C5b-9 deposits, a higher number of chronic lesions, and hypertension (all p < 0.05). Patients with C4d and microangiopathic lesions had significantly poorer renal survival than patients without these findings, corrected for hypertension (p < 0.01). In conclusion, patients with IgA nephropathy or IgA vasculitis with nephritis with a combination of C4d positivity and microangiopathy comprise a clinical subgroup with an increased number of chronic lesions, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, and poorer renal survival, even when corrected for hypertension. These data suggest that complement activation is involved in the development of microangiopathy in patients with IgA nephropathy and IgA vasculitis with nephritis, and that complement-mediated microangiopathy contributes to disease progression.


Assuntos
Ativação do Complemento , Complemento C4b/análise , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/imunologia , Imunoglobulina A/análise , Rim/imunologia , Nefrite/imunologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/análise , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/imunologia , Vasculite/imunologia , Adulto , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/análise , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/terapia , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrite/patologia , Nefrite/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/patologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/terapia , Vasculite/patologia , Vasculite/terapia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(6): 736-745, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926722

RESUMO

Our objective was to update the EULAR recommendations for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), based on emerging new evidence. We performed a systematic literature review (01/2007-12/2017), followed by modified Delphi method, to form questions, elicit expert opinions and reach consensus. Treatment in SLE aims at remission or low disease activity and prevention of flares. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended in all patients with lupus, at a dose not exceeding 5 mg/kg real body weight. During chronic maintenance treatment, glucocorticoids (GC) should be minimised to less than 7.5 mg/day (prednisone equivalent) and, when possible, withdrawn. Appropriate initiation of immunomodulatory agents (methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate) can expedite the tapering/discontinuation of GC. In persistently active or flaring extrarenal disease, add-on belimumab should be considered; rituximab (RTX) may be considered in organ-threatening, refractory disease. Updated specific recommendations are also provided for cutaneous, neuropsychiatric, haematological and renal disease. Patients with SLE should be assessed for their antiphospholipid antibody status, infectious and cardiovascular diseases risk profile and preventative strategies be tailored accordingly. The updated recommendations provide physicians and patients with updated consensus guidance on the management of SLE, combining evidence-base and expert-opinion.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Gerenciamento Clínico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 34(10): 1681-1690, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The VALidation of IGA (VALIGA) study investigated the utility of the Oxford Classification of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in 1147 patients from 13 European countries. Methods. Biopsies were scored by local pathologists followed by central review in Oxford. We had two distinct objectives: to assess how closely pathology findings were associated with the decision to give corticosteroid/immunosuppressive (CS/IS) treatments, and to determine the impact of differences in MEST-C scoring between central and local pathologists on the clinical value of the Oxford Classification. We tested for each lesion the associations between the type of agreement (local and central pathologists scoring absent, local present and central absent, local absent and central present, both scoring present) with the initial clinical assessment, as well as long-term outcomes in those patients who did not receive CS/IS. RESULTS: All glomerular lesions (M, E, C and S) assessed by local pathologists were independently associated with the decision to administer CS/IS therapy, while the severity of tubulointerstitial lesions was not. Reproducibility between local and central pathologists was moderate for S (segmental sclerosis) and T (tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis), and poor for M (mesangial hypercellularity), E (endocapillary hypercellularity) and C (crescents). Local pathologists found statistically more of each lesion, except for the S lesion, which was more frequent with central review. Disagreements were more likely to occur when the proportion of glomeruli affected was low. The M lesion, assessed by central pathologists, correlated better with the severity of the disease at presentation and discriminated better with outcomes. In contrast, the E lesion, evaluated by local pathologists, correlated better with the clinical presentation and outcomes when compared with central review. Both C and S lesions, when discordant between local and central pathologists, had a clinical phenotype intermediate to double absent lesions (milder disease) and double present (more severe). CONCLUSION: We conclude that differences in the scoring of MEST-C criteria between local pathologists and a central reviewer have a significant impact on the prognostic value of the Oxford Classification. Since the decision to offer immunosuppressive therapy in this cohort was intimately associated with the MEST-C score, this study indicates a need for a more detailed guidance for pathologists in the scoring of IgAN biopsies.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA/classificação , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Seleção de Pacientes , Biópsia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 31(1): 3-8, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30461541

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a comprehensive overview of the current insight into the role of complement activation in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). In addition, the therapeutic options targeting the complement system in AAV are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: It has become increasingly clear that complement, and more specifically signalling through the C5a receptor, contributes to the immunopathology of AAV. This has led to the design of clinical trials with a C5a receptor blocker. The first results show a reduction in tissue damage and a favourable safety profile, as other parts of the complement defence system are left intact. SUMMARY: Although AAV was initially regarded as a pauci-immune disease, it is now well established that, in addition to autoantibodies, complement plays an essential role in the disease process. Animal models delivered the first insight, but the effective therapeutic interventions using complement inhibitors provided the proof that indeed complement activation contributes to disease activity and tissue damage in human AAV.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Animais , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Autoanticorpos , Ativação do Complemento , Inativadores do Complemento/uso terapêutico , Humanos
19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(1): 103-109, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30551161

RESUMO

Objectives: To determine predictors of renal relapse and end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis. Methods: Data from four European Vasculitis Society randomized controlled trials, conducted roughly simultaneously between 15 March 1995 and 30 September 2002, was pooled to determine predictors of long-term renal outcome. The respective trial inclusion criteria covered the entire spectrum of disease severity. Baseline predictors of time to first renal relapse and time to ESRF were assessed by competing events analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression. The effect of renal relapse on time to ESRF was assessed by adding renal relapses to the competing events analysis as a time-varying covariate. Results: The number of patients participating was 535; mean serum creatinine (±s.d.) at entry was 341 ± 321 µmol/l and 19.7% developed ESRF. One or more renal relapse(s) was experienced by 101 patients. Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that, in addition to impaired baseline renal function, developing ⩾1 renal relapse was an independent risk factor for ESRF (subhazard ratio 9; 95% CI 4, 19; P < 0.001). No predictive factors for renal relapse were found. Conclusion: In addition to baseline renal function, the occurrence of renal relapses is an important determinant of ESRF in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis. We did not find any clinical predictors for renal relapse itself, including disease activity elsewhere. In light of the silent nature of renal relapse in ANCA-associated vasculitis, we stress the need for long-term vigilant monitoring for early signs of renal relapse and propose performing 3-monthly urinalysis. This will enable timely treatment and help further improve renal outcome.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/fisiopatologia , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/complicações , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rim/imunologia , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 33(12): 2113-2114, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508119
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA