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1.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1272, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379802

RESUMO

Introduction: The German PID-NET registry was founded in 2009, serving as the first national registry of patients with primary immunodeficiencies (PID) in Germany. It is part of the European Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID) registry. The primary purpose of the registry is to gather data on the epidemiology, diagnostic delay, diagnosis, and treatment of PIDs. Methods: Clinical and laboratory data was collected from 2,453 patients from 36 German PID centres in an online registry. Data was analysed with the software Stata® and Excel. Results: The minimum prevalence of PID in Germany is 2.72 per 100,000 inhabitants. Among patients aged 1-25, there was a clear predominance of males. The median age of living patients ranged between 7 and 40 years, depending on the respective PID. Predominantly antibody disorders were the most prevalent group with 57% of all 2,453 PID patients (including 728 CVID patients). A gene defect was identified in 36% of patients. Familial cases were observed in 21% of patients. The age of onset for presenting symptoms ranged from birth to late adulthood (range 0-88 years). Presenting symptoms comprised infections (74%) and immune dysregulation (22%). Ninety-three patients were diagnosed without prior clinical symptoms. Regarding the general and clinical diagnostic delay, no PID had undergone a slight decrease within the last decade. However, both, SCID and hyper IgE- syndrome showed a substantial improvement in shortening the time between onset of symptoms and genetic diagnosis. Regarding treatment, 49% of all patients received immunoglobulin G (IgG) substitution (70%-subcutaneous; 29%-intravenous; 1%-unknown). Three-hundred patients underwent at least one hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Five patients had gene therapy. Conclusion: The German PID-NET registry is a precious tool for physicians, researchers, the pharmaceutical industry, politicians, and ultimately the patients, for whom the outcomes will eventually lead to a more timely diagnosis and better treatment.

2.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(7): 1281-1292, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878607

RESUMO

Well-established donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) and novel cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cell therapy for the treatment of relapsing hematologic malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were compared with respect to feasibility, safety, and efficacy. Altogether, a total of 221 infusions were given to 91 patients (DLI, n = 55; CIK, n = 36). T cell recovery was significantly improved after CIK cell therapy (P < .0001). Although patients with CIK cell treatment showed a significantly worse prognosis at the time of HSCT (risk score, 1.7 versus 2.1; P < .0001), DLI and CIK cell therapy induced complete remission (CR) in 29% and 53% patients, respectively, whereas relapse occurred in 71% and 47%. In both groups, all patients with overt hematologic relapse at the time of immunotherapy (DLI, n = 11; CIK, n = 8) succumbed to their disease, while 36% and 68% patients with DLI or CIK cell therapy applied due to molecular relapse or active disease at the time of transplantation achieved CR. The 6-month overall survival rate in the latter patients was 57% and 77%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 27.9 months (range, .9 to 149.2 months). The 6-month cumulative incidence of relapse was 55% and 22% in patients who received DLI and CIK cell therapy, respectively (P = .012). Acute graft-versus-host disease developed in 35% of the patients who received DLI and in 25% of those who received CIK. No transfusion-related deaths occurred. These data, while underscoring the therapeutic value of conventional DLI, suggest the improved safety and to a certain extent efficacy of CIK cell therapy for patients at high risk for post-transplantation relapse of various hematologic malignancies.

3.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 81-89, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607663

RESUMO

The association of immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella virus (iVDRV) with cutaneous and visceral granulomatous disease has been reported in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs). The majority of these PID patients with rubella-positive granulomas had DNA repair disorders. To support this line of inquiry, we provide additional descriptive data on seven previously reported patients with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) (n = 3) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) (n = 4) as well as eight previously unreported patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas and DNA repair disorders including NBS (n = 1), AT (n = 5), DNA ligase 4 deficiency (n = 1), and Artemis deficiency (n = 1). We also provide descriptive data on several previously unreported PID patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas including cartilage hair hypoplasia (n = 1), warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome (n = 1), MHC class II deficiency (n = 1), Coronin-1A deficiency (n = 1), X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) (n = 1), and combined immunodeficiency without a molecular diagnosis (n = 1). At the time of this report, the median age of the patients with skin granulomas and DNA repair disorders was 9 years (range 3-18). Cutaneous granulomas have been documented in all, while visceral granulomas were observed in six cases (40%). All patients had received rubella virus vaccine. The median duration of time elapsed from vaccination to the development of cutaneous granulomas was 48 months (range 2-152). Hematopoietic cell transplantation was reported to result in scarring resolution of cutaneous granulomas in two patients with NBS, one patient with AT, one patient with Artemis deficiency, one patient with DNA Ligase 4 deficiency, one patient with MHC class II deficiency, and one patient with combined immunodeficiency without a known molecular etiology. Of the previously reported and unreported cases, the majority share the diagnosis of a DNA repair disorder. Analysis of additional patients with this complication may clarify determinants of rubella pathogenesis, identify specific immune defects resulting in chronic infection, and may lead to defect-specific therapies.

4.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2495, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420857

RESUMO

Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is a primary immunodeficiency with mutations in the gene encoding the A-T mutated (ATM) protein that interacts with immune, hematopoietic, and endocrine targets resulting in broad multi-systemic clinical manifestations with a devastating outcome. Apart from a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, A-T leads to significantly increased susceptibility to malignancies. It is a matter of discussion whether pre-emptive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) using a reduced intensity conditioning regimen would be an option to restore immune-competence and prevent malignancy, as shown in animal models, because conventional treatment protocols of malignant diseases using radio- and/or chemotherapy have a high rate of therapy-related morbidity and mortality in these patients. We present the course of the disease, including immune reconstitution and neurological outcome following pre-emptive alloHSCT in a 4-year-old boy with A-T on a 6 year follow-up. Our manuscript provides a proof-of-concept of alloHSCT as an individual pre-emptive treatment strategy from which some A-T patients might benefit.

5.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2000, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30279689

RESUMO

Background: Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is a devastating multi-system disorder characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia, growth retardation, immunodeficiency, chronic pulmonary disease and chromosomal instability. Cutaneous granulomas are a known phenomenon in A-T but extra-dermal manifestation of granulomas at bone and synovia has not been reported so far. The clinical presentation, immunological findings, the long-term course and treatment options of eight patients with severe granulomas will be reported. Methods: From our cohort of 44 classical A-T patients, eight patients aged 2-11 years (18.2%) presented with granulomas. Immunological features of patients with and without granulomas were compared. Five patients suffered from cutaneous manifestation, in two patients we detected a bone and in one a joint involvement. Patients with significant extra-dermal involvement as well as one patient with massive skin manifestation were treated with TNF inhibitors. The patient with granulomas at his finger joint and elbow was treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Results: Interestingly, seven of eight patients with granulomas were total IgA deficient, but there were no differences in IgG and IgM levels. All lymphocytes subsets were equally distributed except patients with granuloma had significantly lower naïve CD8 cells. In patients without treatment, four of eight showed a slow but significant enlargement of the granuloma. Treatment success with TNF inhibitors was variable. In one patient, treatment with TNF inhibitors led to a total remission for 3 years up to now. In two patients, treatment with TNF inhibitors led to a partial regression of granulomas. Treatment interruptions caused deterioration again. Conclusions: Granulomas in A-T progress slowly over years and can lead to significant morbidity.Treatment with TNF inhibitors was safe and in part successful in our patients. Interestingly HSCT leads to complete remission, and indicates that aberrant immune function is responsible for granulomas in A-T patients. What This Study Adds to the Field: Granulomas in A-T progress slowly over years and can lead to significant morbidity. Treatment with TNF inhibitors was safe and in part successful in our patients. AT A GLANCE COMMENTARY: Scientific knowledge on the subject: Little is known about the clinical presentation, course and treatment of granulomas in ataxia telangiectasia (A-T). In addition, this is the first report of extra-dermal manifestation of granulomas at bone and synovia in patients with A-T. What This Study Adds to the Field: Granulomas in A-T progress slowly over years and can lead to significant morbidity. Treatment with TNF inhibitors was safe and in part successful in our patients.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30258130

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) has become a well-established treatment option for many patients suffering from malignant and non-malignant diseases. In the past decade, high-resolution HLA-typing, remission surveillance, pre-emptive immune intervention, and standardisation in supportive care measures have substantially improved transplant outcomes. This retrospective study evaluated transplant procedures in 162 paediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (n = 124) or acute myeloid leukaemia (n = 38) who received their first alloHSCT in our institution over an 11-year period. We observed a significant reduction in risk of non-relapse mortality (NRM) over time (HR = 0.34, 95% CI 0.12-0.98; P = 0.05), the 4-year NRM estimate decreased from 20% in 2005-2008 to 7% in 2012-2016 (P = 0.02) and an increase in survival after relapse. There was no significant difference in patients who received a graft from a sibling, haplo, or an unrelated donor with regard to their overall survival (P = 0.45), event-free survival (P = 0.61), and non-relapse mortality (P = 0.19). Our data suggest that a specific transplant infrastructure with a highly experienced team in an accredited transplant centre likely contributes to better transplant outcomes for acute leukaemia patients in complete remission regardless of donor type.

7.
Front Pediatr ; 6: 121, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29780793

RESUMO

B lymphocytes are key players in humoral immunity, expressing diverse surface immunoglobulin receptors directed against specific antigenic epitopes. The development and profile of distinct subpopulations have gained awareness in the setting of primary immunodeficiency disorders, primary or secondary autoimmunity and as therapeutic targets of specific antibodies in various diseases. The major B cell subpopulations in peripheral blood include naïve (CD19+ or CD20+IgD+CD27-), non-switched memory (CD19+ or CD20+IgD+CD27+) and switched memory B cells (CD19+ or CD20+IgD-CD27+). Furthermore, less common B cell subpopulations have also been described as having a role in the suppressive capacity of B cells to maintain self-tolerance. Data on reference values for B cell subpopulations are limited and only available for older age groups, neglecting the continuous process of human B cell development in children and adolescents. This study was designed to establish an exponential regression model to produce continuous reference values for main B cell subpopulations to reflect the dynamic maturation of the human immune system in healthy children.

8.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(7): 852-862, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29379171

RESUMO

The inability to generate mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) of consistent potency likely is responsible for inconsistent clinical outcomes of patients with aGvHD receiving MSC products. We developed a novel MSC manufacturing protocol characterized by high in vitro potency and near-identity of individual doses, referred to as "MSC-Frankfurt am Main (MSC-FFM)". Herein, we report outcomes of the 69 patients who have received MSC-FFM. These were 51 children and 18 adults with refractory aGvHD grade II (4%), III (36%) or IV (59%). Patients were refractory either to frontline therapy (steroids) (29%) or to steroids and 1-5 additional lines of immunosuppressants (71%) were given infusions in four weekly intervals. The day 28 overall response rate was 83%; at the last follow-up, 61% and 25% of patients were in complete or partial remission. The median follow-up was 8.1 months. Six-month estimate for cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality was 27% (range, 16-38); leukemia relapse mortality was 2% (range, 0-5). This was associated with a superior six-month overall survival (OS) probability rate of 71% (range, 61-83), compared to the outcome of patients not treated with MSC-FFM. This novel product was effective in children and adults, suggesting that MSC-FFM represents a promising therapy for steroid refractory aGvHD.

10.
Front Immunol ; 8: 109, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28239380

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) exerting graft-versus-leukemia/tumor effect and mediating pathogen-specific immunity. Although NK cells are the first donor-derived lymphocytes reconstituting post-HSCT, their distribution of CD56++CD16- (CD56bright), CD56++CD16+ (CD56intermediate=int), and CD56+CD16++ (CD56dim) NK cells is explicitly divergent from healthy adults, but to some extent comparable to the NK cell development in early childhood. The proportion of CD56bright/CD56int/CD56dim changed from 15/8/78% in early childhood to 6/4/90% in adults, respectively. Within this study, we first compared the NK cell reconstitution post-HSCT to reference values of NK cell subpopulations of healthy children. Afterward, we investigated the reconstitution of NK cell subpopulations post-HSCT in correlation to acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD) and chronic graft versus host disease (cGvHD) as well as to viral infections. Interestingly, after a HSCT follow-up phase of 12 months, the distribution of NK cell subpopulations largely matched the 50th percentile of the reference range for healthy individuals. Patients suffering from aGvHD and cGvHD showed a delayed reconstitution of NK cells. Remarkably, within the first 2 months post-HSCT, patients suffering from aGvHD had significantly lower levels of CD56bright NK cells compared to patients without viral infection or without graft versus host disease (GvHD). Therefore, the amount of CD56bright NK cells might serve as an early prognostic factor for GvHD development. Furthermore, a prolonged and elevated peak in CD56int NK cells seemed to be characteristic for the chronification of GvHD. In context of viral infection, a slightly lower CD56 and CD16 receptor expression followed by a considerable reduction in the absolute CD56dim NK cell numbers combined with reoccurrence of CD56int NK cells was observed. Our results suggest that a precise analysis of the reconstitution of NK cell subpopulations post-HSCT might indicate the occurrence of undesired events post-HSCT such as severe aGvHD.

11.
Front Immunol ; 8: 52, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28197149

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in young children can be a clinical manifestation of various primary immunodeficiency syndromes. Poor clinical outcome is associated with poor quality of life and high morbidity from the complications of prolonged immunosuppressive treatment and malabsorption. In 2012, mutations in the lipopolysaccharide-responsive beige-like anchor (LRBA) gene were identified as the cause of an autoimmunity and immunodeficiency syndrome. Since then, several LRBA-deficient patients have been reported with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations without reliable predictive prognostic markers. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) has been performed in a few severely affected patients with complete or partial response. Herein, we present a detailed course of the disease and the transplantation procedure used in a LRBA-deficient patient suffering primarily from infantile IBD with immune enteropathy since the age of 6 weeks, and progressive autoimmunity with major complications following long-term immunosuppressive treatment. At 12 years of age, alloHSCT using bone marrow of a fully matched sibling donor-a healthy heterozygous LRBA mutant carrier-was performed after conditioning with a reduced-intensity regimen. During the 6-year follow-up, we observed a complete remission of enteropathy, autoimmunity, and skin vitiligo, with complete donor chimerism. The genetic diagnosis of LRBA deficiency was made post-alloHSCT by detection of two compound heterozygous mutations, using targeted sequencing of DNA samples extracted from peripheral blood before the transplantation.

12.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(1): 87-95, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27742575

RESUMO

Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) or chimerism may help guide pre-emptive immunotherapy (IT) with a view to preventing relapse in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after transplantation. Patients with ALL who consecutively underwent transplantation in Frankfurt/Main, Germany between January 1, 2005 and July 1, 2014 were included in this retrospective study. Chimerism monitoring was performed in all, and MRD assessment was performed in 58 of 89 patients. IT was guided in 19 of 24 patients with mixed chimerism (MC) and MRD and by MRD only in another 4 patients with complete chimerism (CC). The 3-year probabilities of event-free survival (EFS) were .69 ± .06 for the cohort without IT and .69 ± .10 for IT patients. Incidences of relapse (CIR) and treatment-related mortality (CITRM) were equally distributed between both cohorts (without IT: 3-year CIR, .21 ± .05, 3-year CITRM, .10 ± .04; IT patients: 3-year CIR, .18 ± .09, 3-year CITRM .13 ± .07). Accordingly, 3-year EFS and 3-year CIR were similar in CC and MC patients with IT, whereas MC patients without IT experienced relapse. IT was neither associated with an enhanced immune recovery nor an increased risk for acute graft-versus-host disease. Relapse prevention by IT in patients at risk may lead to the same favorable outcome as found in CC and MRD-negative-patients. This underlines the importance of excellent MRD and chimerism monitoring after transplantation as the basis for IT to improve survival in childhood ALL.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunoterapia/métodos , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimerismo , Feminino , Alemanha , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Imunoterapia/mortalidade , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pediatr Transplant ; 20(8): 1132-1136, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27734564

RESUMO

CLS involves sudden loss of intravascular fluids into the interstitial spaces. CLS was described as a possible complication after SCT. Few studies report the incidence of CLS in pediatric populations. We aimed to assess CLS incidence, its risk factors, and impact on the survival. The clinical charts of patients <18 years of age transplanted at our institution between 2002 and 2012 were reviewed. CLS was defined by weight gain >3% in 24 hours and positive intake balance despite furosemide administration. In total, 234 patients underwent 275 allogeneic SCT procedures in the analyzed time frame. Fifteen patients developed CLS (5.4%). The probability of developing CLS was significantly increased in patients suffering from sepsis (14.3% vs 0.6%, P<.001). Patients with CLS exhibited an increased risk of acute GvHD in the first 30 days after SCT (10.8% vs 1.8%, P=.002). Ten of the patients with CLS required intensive care. CLS strongly impacts OS at day +100 after SCT and is a predictive factor of TRM at the same date (42.9% vs 5%, P<.0001). The biological relation among sepsis, GvHD, and CLS development in terms of cytokine release and endothelial damage warrants further studies.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Vazamento Capilar/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Vazamento Capilar/epidemiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Peso Corporal , Síndrome de Vazamento Capilar/complicações , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
14.
Front Pediatr ; 4: 98, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27683652

RESUMO

Monogenic primary immunodeficiency syndromes can affect one or more endocrine organs by autoimmunity during childhood. Clinical manifestations include type 1 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, and vitiligo. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency was described in 2012 as a novel primary immunodeficiency, predominantly causing immune dysregulation and early onset enteropathy. We describe the heterogeneous clinical course of LRBA deficiency in two siblings, mimicking an autoimmune polyendocrine disorder in one of them in presence of the same underlying genetic mutation. The third child of consanguineous Egyptian parents (Patient 1) presented at 6 months of age with intractable enteropathy and failure to thrive. Later on, he developed symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and infectious complications due to immunosuppressive treatment. The severe enteropathy was non-responsive to the standard treatment and led to death at the age of 22 years. His younger sister (Patient 2) presented at the age of 12 to the endocrinology department with decompensated hypothyroidism, perioral vitiligo, delayed pubertal development, and growth failure without enteropathy and immunodeficiency. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous frameshift mutation (c.6862delT, p.Y2288MfsX29) in the LRBA gene in both siblings. To our knowledge, our patient (Patient 2) is the first case of LRBA deficiency described with predominant endocrine phenotype without immunodeficiency and enteropathy. LRBA deficiency should be considered as underlying disease in pediatric patients presenting with autoimmune endocrine symptoms. The same genetic mutation can manifest with a broad phenotypic spectrum without genotype-phenotype correlation. The awareness for disease symptoms among non-immunologists might be a key to early diagnosis. Further functional studies in LRBA deficiency are necessary to provide detailed information on the origin of autoimmunity in order to develop reliable predictive biomarkers for affected patients.

15.
Haematologica ; 101(8): 985-94, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27175026

RESUMO

To circumvent donor-to-donor heterogeneity which may lead to inconsistent results after treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease with mesenchymal stromal cells generated from single donors we developed a novel approach by generating these cells from pooled bone marrow mononuclear cells of 8 healthy "3(rd)-party" donors. Generated cells were frozen in 209 vials and designated as mesenchymal stromal cell bank. These vials served as a source for generation of clinical grade mesenchymal stromal cell end-products, which exhibited typical mesenchymal stromal cell phenotype, trilineage differentiation potential and at later passages expressed replicative senescence-related markers (p21 and p16). Genetic analysis demonstrated their genomic stability (normal karyotype and a diploid pattern). Importantly, clinical end-products exerted a significantly higher allosuppressive potential than the mean allosuppressive potential of mesenchymal stromal cells generated from the same donors individually. Administration of 81 mesenchymal stromal cell end-products to 26 patients with severe steroid-resistant acute graft-versus-host disease in 7 stem cell transplant centers who were refractory to many lines of treatment, induced a 77% overall response at the primary end point (day 28). Remarkably, although the cohort of patients was highly challenging (96% grade III/IV and only 4% grade II graft-versus-host disease), after treatment with mesenchymal stromal cell end-products the overall survival rate at two years follow up was 71±11% for the entire patient cohort, compared to 51.4±9.0% in graft-versus-host disease clinical studies, in which mesenchymal stromal cells were derived from single donors. Mesenchymal stromal cell end-products may, therefore, provide a novel therapeutic tool for the effective treatment of severe acute graft-versus-host disease.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Células da Medula Óssea , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Lactente , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 137(1): 223-230, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26768763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LPS-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency is a primary immunodeficiency caused by biallelic mutations in LRBA that abolish LRBA protein expression. OBJECTIVE: We sought to report the extended phenotype of LRBA deficiency in a cohort of 22 LRBA-deficient patients. METHODS: Clinical criteria, protein detection, and genetic sequencing were applied to diagnose LRBA deficiency. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients met the inclusion criteria and were considered to have possible LRBA deficiency. Twenty-four patients did not express LRBA protein and were labeled as having probable LRBA deficiency, whereas 22 were genetically confirmed as having definitive LRBA deficiency, with biallelic mutations in LRBA. Seventeen of these were novel and included homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations. Immune dysregulation (95%), organomegaly (86%), recurrent infections (71%), and hypogammaglobulinemia (57%) were the main clinical complications observed in LRBA-deficient patients. Although 81% of LRBA-deficient patients had normal T-cell counts, 73% had reduced regulatory T (Treg) cell numbers. Most LRBA-deficient patients had low B-cell subset counts, mainly in switched memory B cells (80%) and plasmablasts (92%), with a defective specific antibody response in 67%. Of the 22 patients, 3 are deceased, 2 were treated successfully with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, 7 are receiving immunoglobulin replacement, and 15 are receiving immunosuppressive treatment with systemic corticosteroids alone or in combination with steroid-sparing agents. CONCLUSION: This report describes the largest cohort of patients with LRBA deficiency and offers guidelines for physicians to identify LRBA deficiency, supporting appropriate clinical management.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/deficiência , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Adolescente , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/metabolismo , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Fenótipo , Linfócitos T/imunologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 7: 595, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28066411

RESUMO

One of the major challenges of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is to reduce the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) while boosting the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. The reconstitution of natural killer (NK) cells following allo-SCT is of notable interest due to their known capability to induce GVL without GVHD. Here, in this study, we investigate the association between the incidence and severity of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and the early reconstitution of NK cell subsets following allo-SCT. We analyzed 342 samples from 107 patients using flow cytometry, with a focus on immature CD56high and mature cytotoxic CD56dim NK cells. Longitudinal analysis of immune reconstitution after allo-SCT showed that the incidence of aGVHD was associated with a delayed expansion of the entire NK cell population, in particular the CD56high subset. Notably, the disturbed reconstitution of the CD56high NK cells also correlated with the severity of aGVHD.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 56(Pt 6): 1229-32, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16738096

RESUMO

Strain DSM 17733(T), isolated from the shore of Lake Abjata in Ethiopia, is a heterotrophic, alkaliphilic, moderately halophilic, Gram-positive, strictly aerobic, non-motile,non-endospore-forming bacterium. The organism grows optimally at 30-37 degrees C, pH 9 and 3 % (w/v) NaCl. Analysis of the cell wall showed the presence of murein of the type L-lys-gly-L-Glu, variation A4alpha. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was 69.0 mol%. Sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain DSM 17733(T) placed the isolate in the genus Nesterenkonia. DNA-DNA hybridization of DSM 17733(T) with those organisms with the closest phylogenetic affiliation, i.e. Nesterenkonia halobia, Nesterenkonia lacusekhoensis and Nesterenkonia xinjiangensis, gave relatedness values of 48.5 %, 63.7 % (repetition, 57.2 %) and 35.7 % (repetition, 29.3 %), respectively. On the basis of both phenotypic and phylogenetic criteria and the low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness with the phylogenetically closest species N. xinjiangensis and N. halobia, it is proposed that the isolate be classified in a novel species, Nesterenkonia aethiopica sp. nov. The type strain is DSM 17733(T) (=CCUG 48939(T)).


Assuntos
Micrococcaceae/classificação , Microbiologia da Água , Etiópia , Água Doce/microbiologia , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/isolamento & purificação , Micrococcaceae/genética , Micrococcaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Micrococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
19.
Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr ; 59(Pt 3): 529-31, 2003 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12595716

RESUMO

A novel calcium-independent serine protease from an alkaliphilic bacterium, Nesterenkonia sp. AL20, has been purified and crystallized at 296 K using sodium formate as the main precipitant. This enzyme is optimally active at pH 10, exhibits high stability towards autolytic digestion and its stability is not affected by the presence of EDTA or detergents. The triangular prism-shaped crystals diffracted X-rays to beyond 1.5 A at a synchrotron beamline, with space group R3 and unit-cell parameters a = b = 92.26, c = 137.88 A. A complete data set has been collected to 1.39 A resolution. The asymmetric unit is estimated and confirmed by self-rotation function calculation to contain two molecules, giving a crystal Volume per protein mass (V(M)) of 2.68 A(3) Da(-1) and a solvent content of 54%.


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/enzimologia , Serina Endopeptidases/química , Cristalização , Hidrólise , Modelos Moleculares , Serina Endopeptidases/análise , Serina Endopeptidases/isolamento & purificação
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