Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 35
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299206

RESUMO

Despite the intensive investigation of the molecular mechanism of skeletal muscle hypertrophy, the underlying signaling processes are not completely understood. Therefore, we used an overload model, in which the main synergist muscles (gastrocnemius, soleus) of the plantaris muscle were surgically removed, to cause a significant overload in the remaining plantaris muscle of 8-month-old Wistar male rats. SIRT1-associated pro-anabolic, pro-catabolic molecular signaling pathways, NAD and H2S levels of this overload-induced hypertrophy were studied. Fourteen days of overload resulted in a significant 43% (p < 0.01) increase in the mass of plantaris muscle compared to sham operated animals. Cystathionine-ß-synthase (CBS) activities and bioavailable H2S levels were not modified by overload. On the other hand, overload-induced hypertrophy of skeletal muscle was associated with increased SIRT1 (p < 0.01), Akt (p < 0.01), mTOR, S6 (p < 0.01) and suppressed sestrin 2 levels (p < 0.01), which are mostly responsible for anabolic signaling. Decreased FOXO1 and SIRT3 signaling (p < 0.01) suggest downregulation of protein breakdown and mitophagy. Decreased levels of NAD+, sestrin2, OGG1 (p < 0.01) indicate that the redox milieu of skeletal muscle after 14 days of overloading is reduced. The present investigation revealed novel cellular interactions that regulate anabolic and catabolic processes in the hypertrophy of skeletal muscle.


Assuntos
Cistationina beta-Sintase/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Animais , Hipertrofia/genética , Hipertrofia/metabolismo , Hipertrofia/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
2.
Bioresour Technol ; 333: 125153, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866075

RESUMO

In this work, a novel cation exchange membrane, PSEBS SU22 was deployed in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) to examine system efficacy in line with membrane characteristics and inoculum source. It turned out that compared to a reference membrane (Nafion), employing PSEBS SU22 resulted in higher current density and electricity generation kinetics, while the electron recoveries were similar (19-28%). These outcomes indicated more beneficial ion transfer features and lower mass transfer-related losses in the PSEBS SU22-MFCs, supported by membrane water uptake, ion exchange capacity, ionic conductivity and permselectivity. By re-activating the membranes after (bio)foulant removal, PSEBS SU22 regained nearly its initial conductivity, highlighting a salient functional stability. Although the particular inoculum showed a clear effect on the microbial composition of the membrane biofouling layers, the dominance of aerobic species was revealed in all cases. Considering all the findings, the PSEBS SU22 seems to be promising for application in MFCs.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Incrustação Biológica , Alcenos , Cátions , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Etilenos , Polietileno , Poliestirenos
3.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 140: 107749, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549971

RESUMO

The scope of the currentreviewis to discuss and evaluate the role of the external electrical load/resistor (EEL) on the overall behavior and functional properties of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). In this work, a comprehensive analysis is made by considering various levels of MFC architecture, such as electric and energy harvesting efficiency, anode electrode potential shifts, electro-active biofilm formation, cell metabolism and extracellular electron transfer mechanisms, as a function of the EEL and its control strategies. It is outlined that taking the regulation of EEL into account at MFC optimization is highly beneficial, and in order to support this step, in this review, a variety of guidelines are collected and analyzed.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica/microbiologia , Eletricidade , Biofilmes , Impedância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Desenho de Equipamento
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124182, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038653

RESUMO

This work characterizes and comparatively assess two cation exchange membranes (PSEBS SU22 and CF22 R14) and one bipolar membrane (FBM) in microbial electrolysis cells (MEC), fed either by acetate or the mixture of volatile fatty acids as substrates. The PSEBS SU22 is a new, patent-pending material, while the CF22 R14 and FBM are developmental and commercialized products. Based on the various MEC performance measures, membranes were ranked by the EXPROM-2 method to reveal which of the polymeric membranes could be more beneficial from a complex, H2 production efficiency viewpoint. It turned out that the substrate-type influenced the application potential of the membranes. Still, in total, the PSEBS SU22 was found competitive with the other alternative materials. The evaluation of MEC was also supported by analyzing anodic biofilms following electroactive bacteria's development over time.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Eletrodos , Eletrólise , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Hidrogênio , Troca Iônica
5.
Membranes (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142876

RESUMO

In this study, hollow fibers of commercial polyimide were arranged into membrane modules to test their capacity and performance towards natural gas processing. Particularly, the membranes were characterized for CO2/CH4 separation with and without exposure to some naturally occurring contaminants of natural gases, namely hydrogen sulfide, dodecane, and the mixture of aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene, xylene), referred to as BTX. Gas permeation experiments were conducted to assess the changes in the permeability of CO2 and CH4 and related separation selectivity. Compared to the properties determined for the pristine polyimide membranes, all the above pollutants (depending on their concentrations and the ensured contact time with the membrane) affected the permeability of gases, while the impact of various exposures on CO2/CH4 selectivity seemed to be complex and case-specific. Overall, it was found that the minor impurities in the natural gas could have a notable influence and should therefore be considered from an operational stability viewpoint of the membrane separation process.

6.
Membranes (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987682

RESUMO

Effluents of anaerobic processes still contain valuable components, among which volatile fatty acids (VFAs) can be regarded and should be recovered and/or used further in applications such as microbial electrochemical technology to generate energy/energy carriers. To accomplish the separation of VFAs from waste liquors, various membrane-based solutions applying different transport mechanisms and traits are available, including pressure-driven nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) which are capable to clarify, fractionate and concentrate salts and organics. Besides, emerging techniques using a membrane such as forward osmosis (FO) and supported liquid membrane (SILM) technology can be taken into consideration for VFA separation. In this work, we evaluate these four various downstream methods (NF, RO, FO and SILM) to determine the best one, comparatively, for enriching VFAs from pH-varied model solutions composed of acetic, butyric and propionic acids in different concentrations. The assessment of the separation experiments was supported by statistical examination to draw more solid conclusions. Accordingly, it turned out that all methods can separate VFAs from the model solution. The highest average retention was achieved by RO (84% at the applied transmembrane pressure of 6 bar), while NF provided the highest permeance (6.5 L/m2hbar) and a high selectivity between different VFAs.

7.
Bioresour Technol ; 308: 123265, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272390

RESUMO

This study examined the effect of shear velocity on biohydrogen producing dynamic membrane bioreactor (DMBR) containing 50 µm polyester mesh as supporting material. Increase of shear velocity up to 6.75 m/h enhanced hydrogen production performance as well as biomass retention in both suspended and attached forms, while wash-out was found at a shear velocity of 11.69 m/h. The highest average HPR, HY, suspended biomass, and attached biomass were 26.56 ± 1.49 L/L-d, 1.78 ± 0.10 mol H2/mol glucoseadded, 9.99 ± 0.11 g VSS/L, and 8.82 g VSS/L, respectively, at a shear velocity of 6.75 m/h. Flux balance analysis showed homoacetogenic pathway decreased at the shear velocity of 4.70 m/h with the increase of hydrogen yield based on consumed substrate. The highest copy numbers of Clostridium butyricum was found at the optimum shear velocity. Shear velocity would be a critical operational criteria for continuous biohydrogen production using DMBR.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Clostridium butyricum , Biomassa , Fermentação , Hidrogênio
8.
Bioresour Technol ; 309: 123313, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289659

RESUMO

The performance and behavior of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are influenced by among others the external load (Rext). In this study, the anode-surface biofilm formation in MFCs operated under different Rext selection/tracking-strategies was assessed. MFCs were characterized by electrochemical (voltage/current generation, polarization tests, EIS), molecular biological (microbial consortium analysis) and bioinformatics (principal component analysis) tools. The results indicated that the MFC with dynamic Rext adjustment (as a function of the actual MFC internal resistance) achieved notably higher performance but relatively lower operational stability, mainly due to the acidification of the biofilm. The opposite (lower performance, increased stability) could be observed with the static (low or high) Rext application (or OCV) strategies, where adaptive microbial processes were assumed. These possible adaptation phenomena were outlined by a theoretical framework and the significant impact of Rext on the anode colonization process and energy recovery with MFCs was concluded.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Biofilmes , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Consórcios Microbianos
9.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 133: 107479, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086178

RESUMO

In this work, two commercialized anion-exchange membranes (AEMs), AMI-7001 and AF49R27, were applied in microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) and compared with a novel AEM (PSEBS CM DBC, functionalized with 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane) to produce biohydrogen. The evaluation regarding the effect of using different AEMs was carried out using simple (acetate) and complex (mixture of acetate, butyrate and propionate to mimic dark fermentation effluent) substrates. The MECs equipped with various AEMs were assessed based on their electrochemical efficiencies, H2 generation capacities and the composition of anodic biofilm communities. pH imbalances, ionic losses and cathodic overpotentials were taken into consideration together with changes to substantial AEM properties (particularly ion-exchange capacity, ionic conductivity, area- and specific resistances) before and after AEMs were applied in the process to describe their potential impact on the behavior of MECs. It was concluded that the MECs which employed the PSEBS CM DBC membrane provided the highest H2 yield and lowest internal losses compared to the two other separators. Therefore, it has the potential to improve MECs.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Geobacter/metabolismo , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Membranas Artificiais , Piperazinas/química , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Ânions/química , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica/microbiologia , Eletrólise , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade
10.
Bioresour Technol ; 302: 122828, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001085

RESUMO

Biohydrogen production via dark fermentation is currently the most developed method considering its practical readiness for scale-up. However, technological issues to be resolved are still identifiable and should be of concern, particularly in terms of internal mass transfer. If sufficient liquid-to-gas H2 mass transfer rates are not ensured, serious problems associated with the recovery of biohydrogen and consequent inhibition of the process can occur. Therefore, the continuous and effective removal of H2 gas is required, which can be performed using gas separation membranes. In this review, we aim to analyze the literature experiences and knowledge regarding mass transfer enhancement approaches and show how membranes may contribute to this task by simultaneously processing the internal (headspace) gas, consisting mainly of H2 and CO2. Promising strategies related to biogas recirculation and integrated schemes using membranes will be presented and discussed to detect potential future research directions for improving biohydrogen technology.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Hidrogênio , Fermentação
11.
Membranes (Basel) ; 10(1)2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963734

RESUMO

Membrane separators are key elements of microbial fuel cells (MFCs), especially of those constructed in a dual-chamber configuration. Until now, membranes made of Nafion have been applied the most widely to set-up MFCs. However, there is a broader agreement in the literature that Nafion is expensive and in many cases, does not meet the actual (mainly mass transfer-specific) requirements demanded by the process and users. Driven by these issues, there has been notable progress in the development of alternative materials for membrane fabrication, among which those relying on the deployment of ionic liquids are emerging. In this review, the background of and recent advances in ionic liquid-containing separators, particularly supported ionic liquid membranes (SILMs), designed for MFC applications are addressed and evaluated. After an assessment of the basic criteria to be fulfilled by membranes in MFCs, experiences with SILMs will be outlined, along with important aspects of transport processes. Finally, a comparison with the literature is presented to elaborate on how MFCs installed with SILM perform relative to similar systems assembled with other, e.g., Nafion, membranes.

12.
Biotechnol Lett ; 41(12): 1383-1389, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617036

RESUMO

The effects of the bioreactor conditions, in particular the mode and intensity of aeration and mixing were studied on itaconic acid (IA) fermentation efficiency by Aspergillus terreus strain from glucose substrate. IA was produced in batch system by systematically varying the oxygen content of the aeration gas (from 21 to 31.5 vol% O2) and the stirring rate (from 150 to 600 rpm). The data were analyzed kinetically to characterize the behavior of the process, and besides, the performances were evaluated comparatively with the literature. It turned out that the operation of the bioreactor with either the higher inlet O2 concentration (31.5 vol% O2) or faster stirring (600 rpm) could enhance biological IA generation the most, resulting in yield and volumetric productivity of 0.31 g IA/g glucose and 0.32 g IA/g glucose and 3.15 g IA/L day and 4.26 g IA/L day, respectively. Overall, the significance of fermentation settings was shown in this work regarding IA production catalyzed by A. terreus and notable advances could be realized by adjusting the aeration and stirring towards an optimal combination.


Assuntos
Aspergillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aspergillus/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Succinatos/metabolismo , Fermentação , Oxigênio/metabolismo
13.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(7)2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925726

RESUMO

When fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) components are designed, it is very important to ensure that textiles are formed into complex 3D geometries without folds, and that the reinforcing structure is oriented appropriately. Most research in this context is focused on finite element (FE) forming simulations and the required characterization of textile reinforcements. However, the early stage of the design of FRPs, where kinematic draping simulations are used, is barely considered. In particular, the need for a critical shear angle for the execution and evaluation of kinematic draping simulations is often neglected. This paper presents an extended picture frame test stand with an optical device recording shear-induced deformations with the help of a laser line emitter. Associated hardware and software for detecting and quantifying the fold formation during a picture frame test were developed. With the additional recorded information, a material-specific critical shear angle can be determined, material behaviors can be compared, and FE-based simulation methods can be evaluated. This innovative test stand and the associated software tools will help engineers to decide on suitable materials and improve transparency in the early stages of the design process.

14.
Bioresour Technol ; 278: 279-286, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708331

RESUMO

In this study, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) - operated with novel cation- and anion-exchange membranes, in particular AN-VPA 60 (CEM) and PSEBS DABCO (AEM) - were assessed comparatively with Nafion proton exchange membrane (PEM). The process characterization involved versatile electrochemical (polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy - EIS, cyclic voltammetry - CV) and biological (microbial structure analysis) methods in order to reveal the influence of membrane-type during start-up. In fact, the use of AEM led to 2-5 times higher energy yields than CEM and PEM and the lowest MFC internal resistance (148 ±â€¯17 Ω) by the end of start-up. Regardless of the membrane-type, Geobacter was dominantly enriched on all anodes. Besides, CV and EIS measurements implied higher anode surface coverage of redox compounds for MFCs and lower membrane resistance with AEM, respectively. As a result, AEM based on PSEBS DABCO could be found as a promising material to substitute Nafion.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Eletrodos , Polímeros de Fluorcarboneto , Geobacter , Troca Iônica
15.
Bioresour Technol ; 279: 339-349, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737066

RESUMO

Given the aggravated greenhouse effect caused by CO2 and the current energy shortage, CO2 capture and reuse has been gaining ever-increasing concerns. Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) has been considered to be a promising alternative to recycle CO2 bioelectrochemically to low-carbon electrofuels such as CH4 by combining electroactive microorganisms with electrochemical stimulation, enabling both CO2 fixation and energy recovery. In spite of the numerous efforts dedicated in this field in recent years, there are still many problems that hinder CO2 bioelectroconversion technique from the scaling-up and potential industrialization. This review comprehensively summarized the working principles, extracellular electron transfers behaviors, and the critical factors limiting the wide-spread utilization of CO2 electromethanogenesis. Various characterization and electrochemical testing methods for helping to uncover the underlying mechanisms in CO2 electromethanogenesis have been introduced. In addition, future research needs for pushing forward the development of MECs technology in real-world CO2 fixation and recycling were elaborated.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/química , Metano/química , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Carbono/química , Carbono/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrólise/métodos , Metano/metabolismo
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 279: 327-338, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30765113

RESUMO

The scope of the review is to discuss the current state of knowledge and lessons learned on biofouling of membrane separators being used for microbial electrochemical technologies (MET). It is illustrated what crucial membrane features have to be considered and how these affect the MET performance, paying particular attention to membrane biofouling. The complexity of the phenomena was demonstrated and thereby, it is shown that membrane qualities related to its surface and inherent material features significantly influence (and can be influenced by) the biofouling process. Applicable methods for assessment of membrane biofouling are highlighted, followed by the detailed literature evaluation. Finally, an outlook on e.g. possible mitigation strategies for membrane biofouling in MET is provided.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica , Biofilmes , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
17.
Biotechnol Rep (Amst) ; 21: e00302, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671358

RESUMO

Industrially, harvesting of the microalgal biomass is a techno-economic tailback, which essentially meant for the algal biomass industry. It is considered energy as well as cost-intensive in view of the fact that the dewatering process during harvesting. In this review chemical reactions involved in the flocculation of microalage biomass via various certain principal organic polymers are focused. Besides, it focuses on natural biopolymers as flocculants to harvest the cultivated microalgae. Commercially, bio-flocculation is suitable and cost-effective in the midst of a range of adopted harvesting techniques and the selection of an appropriate bioflocculant depends on its efficacy on the several microalgae strains like potential biomass fixation, ecological stride and non-perilous nature. The harvesting of toxin free microalgae biomass in large quantity by such flocculants can be considered to be one of the most cost-effective performances towards sustainable biomass recovery.

18.
J Environ Manage ; 230: 293-300, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30292017

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of light intensity on three various microalga consortia collected from natural ecological water bodies (named A, B and C) towards their fatty acid profiling and fractions, carbohydrate and protein production at different light intensities of 100, 200 and 300 µmol m-2 s-1. The results indicating that increasing light intensity positively correlated with the lipid production than carbohydrate and protein. Irrespective to the solids (Total and Volatile Solid) content, lipids and carbohydrate has varied significantly. Consortia C showed higher productivity toward lipids, whereas consortia A and B accumulated more carbohydrate and protein, respectively. The microscopic images revealed the breakdown of cells during the increase in light intensity, in spite, the similar algal species were observed in all consortia experimented. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that low light intensity aid relatively in high protein, Total Nitrogen and Total Phosphorus, meanwhile high intensity attributed carbohydrates and unsaturated fatty acids (USFA) contents.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Carboidratos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Carboidratos/biossíntese , Ecossistema , Ácidos Graxos/biossíntese , Lipídeos/biossíntese , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise
19.
Biotechnol Rep (Amst) ; 20: e00289, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416980

RESUMO

This study investigated mixed microalgae consortia cultivation in a fed batch reactor using textile wastewater. The results showed 95% of total phosphorus (TP) and 70% of total nitrogen (TN) depletion during the operational period. Algal biomass growth, pollutant removal, and biomass constituents were examined for five cycles of the fed batch operation. The length of the cycles decreased from 30 days to 10 days as the cycle repeated, which implied gradual adaptation of microalgae to textile wastewater. Color of textile wastewater was removed in the range of 68-72% in all the cycles experimented. Microbial algal cultivation with textile wastewater would be a feasible approach for remediation and resource recovery purpose.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 270: 643-655, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213541

RESUMO

This review article focuses on an assessment of the innovative Gas Separation Membrane Bioreactor (GS-MBR), which is an emerging technology because of its potential for in-situ biohydrogen production and separation. The GS-MBR, as a special membrane bioreactor, enriches CO2 directly from the headspace of the anaerobic H2 fermentation process. CO2 can be fed as a substrate to auxiliary photo-bioreactors to grow microalgae as a promising raw material for biocatalyzed, dark fermentative H2-evolution. Overall, these features make the GS-MBR worthy of study. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the GS-MBR has not been studied in detail to date; hence, a comprehensive review of this topic will be useful to the scientific community.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Fermentação , Gases , Membranas Artificiais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...