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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988641

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evidence-based management of positive pathological circumferential resection margin (pCRM) following preoperative radiation and an adequate rectal resection for rectal cancers is lacking. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained single-centre institutional database was done to study the patterns of failure and management strategies after a rectal cancer surgery with a positive pCRM. RESULTS: A total of 86 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma with a positive pCRM were identified over 8 years (2011-2018). Majority had low-lying rectal cancers (90.7%) and were operated after preoperative radiotherapy (95.3%). Operative procedures included abdomino-perineal resections, inter-sphincteric resections, low anterior resections and pelvic exenteration in 61 (70.9%), 9 (10.5%), 11(12.8%) and 5 (5.8%) patients respectively. A total of 83 (96.5%) received chemotherapy as the sole adjuvant treatment modality while 2 patients (2.3%) were given post-operative radiotherapy and 1 patient underwent revision surgery. A total of 53 patients (61.6%) had recurrence, with 16 (18.6%), 20 (23.2%), 8(9.3%) and 9 (10.5%) patients having locoregional, systemic, peritoneal and simultaneous local-systemic relapse. Systemic recurrences were more often detected either by surveillance in an asymptomatic patient (20.1%) while local (13.1%) and peritoneal (13.2%) recurrences were more often symptomatic (p = 0.000). The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of the cohort was 82.4% and 74.0%. Median local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) was 10.3 months. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a positive pCRM have high local and distal relapse rates. Systemic relapses are more often asymptomatic as compared to peritoneal or locoregional relapse and detected on follow-up surveillance. Hence, identification of such recurrences while still salvageable via an intensive surveillance protocol is desirable.

2.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025056

RESUMO

Adamantinoma-like Ewing sarcoma (ALES) is a rare malignant tumor characterized by EWSR1::FLI1 related fusions and complex epithelial differentiation. ALES poses a tremendous diagnostic challenge owing to its resemblance to a wide variety of common head and neck malignancies. We aimed to study the clinicopathologic spectrum of ALES diagnosed at our institute. A retrospective review of the clinical and pathologic features of all EWSR1-rearranged ALES cases was performed after confirming the diagnosis. The cases lacking EWSR1 rearrangement were excluded. A total of 7 patients were analyzed. The median age was 27 years (range 7-42 years). There were 4 males and 3 female patients. Tumors were distributed as follows: maxilla (n = 2), parotid (n = 2), nasal cavity (n = 1), ethmoid/maxilla (n = 1), and thyroid (n = 1). Tumor size ranged from 2.2 to 5.5 cm. On microscopy, tumors displayed nested-lobular architecture, monomorphic cells, and interlobular fibrotic stroma. Other features included: palisading (n = 5), squamous differentiation (n = 2), keratinization (n = 1), colonisation of salivary ducts (n = 1) and thyroid follicles (n = 1), follicle-like cysts (n = 3), calcification (n = 2), necrosis (n = 3). Mitotic rate was 4-15/2 mm2. On immunohistochemistry, cytokeratins (100%), p40 (100%), strong/diffuse membranous CD99 (100%), NKX2.2 (100%), Fli-1 (71%), and synaptophysin (71%) was positive. Patients received chemotherapy (n = 7) and radiotherapy (n = 4). Two patients developed recurrence at 6 and 10 months; 3 developed metastases at 0, 6, and 25 months. ALES is a rare and aggressive malignancy that mimics diverse neoplasms common in the head and neck region. Awareness of the morphologic and immunohistochemistry spectrum of this tumor is essential to avoid diagnostic errors.

3.
Surgery ; 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is increasingly being used in the management of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC). We compared the outcomes of patients with BRPC treated either with upfront surgery (UPS) or NAT to assess whether increased use of NAT has helped improve perioperative and long-term outcomes. METHODS: Prospectively maintained database of 201 consecutive patients with BRPC treated at Tata Memorial Center, India, from 2007-2019 was analyzed. RESULTS: NAT was offered to 148 patients and 53 were planned for UPS. Progression on NAT was seen in 47 (31.8%) patients. Resection was performed in 103 patients (51.24%). The resection rate was significantly lower after NAT as compared with upfront explorations (42.56% vs 75.47%, P = .00) however, R0 resection rate after NAT was significantly better (74.6% vs 42.5%, P = .001). NAT group showed a significant decrease in the pT stage (P = .004), node positivity (60%-31.7%, P = .005%), and perineural invasion (70%-41.6% P = .026). There was no significant difference in the median overall survival (OS) of patients offered NAT versus UPS on an intention-to-treat basis (15 vs 18 months P = .431). However, OS (22 vs 19 months, P = .205) and disease-free survival (DFS) (16 vs 11 months, P = .135) were higher for resected patients in the NAT group and OS was significantly superior in patients completing the course of treatment (34 vs 22 months, P = .010) CONCLUSION: The progression rate with NAT in patients with BPRC was 31.8%. NAT was associated with significant pathologic downstaging, improvement in R0 resection rate, and survival in resected patients.

4.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969211070485, 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970922

RESUMO

Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is a rare uterine neoplasm infrequently arising in extra-genital sites. Herein, we report an extremely rare case of primary extra-genital ESS of transverse mesocolon occurring in a 51-year-old female presenting with gradually increasing abdominal mass. The clinical diagnosis considered was a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Intra-operatively, the mass was confined exclusively to the transverse mesocolon. Microscopy revealed a cellular tumor composed of oval to elongate neoplastic cells with hyperchromatic nuclei, inconspicuous nucleoli and were immunoreactive for CD10, progesterone receptor (PR), estrogen receptor (ER), and PAX8; negative for KIT, CD34, SMA, S100, synaptophysin, chromogranin, WT-1, and calretinin. A distinct arborizing network of arterioles along with foci of endometriosis was also seen. We present this case for its extreme rarity and the challenges entailed in its diagnosis.

5.
South Asian J Cancer ; 10(3): 167-171, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938679

RESUMO

Context Tumors of parapharyngeal space (PPS) are rare and histologically diverse. The management of these tumors requires diligent assessment and planning with due consideration of various anatomical and pathological aspects of the lesion. Aims This retrospective study aims to present our experiences in the clinical and pathological aspects of PPS tumors with a critical evaluation of management. Settings and Design Retrospective analytical study. Methods and Material The electronic medical records of 60 cases of PPS tumors, managed surgically from 2007 to 2017, were reviewed and analyzed using SPSS 22 software. The mean follow-up duration was 44 months. Results The mean age was 45 years with a male-to-female ratio of 1.7 (38:22). The majority of the tumors were benign (71.7%) and the most common presentation being upper neck mass or oropharyngeal mass. Histologically, neurogenic tumors were most common (43.3%) PPS tumors, followed by tumors of salivary gland origin. Magnetic resonance imaging was used as a diagnostic modality in 70% of cases, and computed tomography scan and positron emission tomography/CT were used in 26.7 and 3.3% of cases, respectively. In our study, the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology was 71% for benign and 47% for malignant lesions. The most common approach for surgery used was transcervical (72%). Conclusion The study reveals that cranial nerve palsy is the most common complication associated with PPS tumors. Completely resected, malignant tumors originating within PPS have a good prognosis, as compared with tumors extending or metastasized to PPS.

6.
Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716986

RESUMO

AIM: The outcome of radical surgery in nonmetastatic anorectal melanoma (AM) patients is studied infrequently. Here, we aimed to explore the stage-wise outcomes and the impact of radical resections in these patients. METHODS: In this single-centre retrospective study, data of 154 eligible patients were recorded and analysed. Data were obtained from November 2010 to September 2019 with follow-up until November 2020. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was calculated by Kaplan Meir method and univariate analysis of prognostic factors by Cox regression. RESULTS: Of 154 patients, 110 were metastatic (stage III) and 44 were nonmetastatic (stage I:22, stage II:22) and underwent curative resections. Median follow-up was 48 months (14-119 months). A total of 39 patients underwent total mesorectal excisions (TME) and five transanal excision (TAE) were performed. Seven patients underwent extended resections. Stage I and II patients had 3- and 5-year OS of 40% and 36%; and DFS of 45% and 33.2%, respectively. Median OS and DFS were 31 and 24 months, respectively. Stage II (node-positive) patients had better median OS compared to stage III (21 vs. 4 months; p = 0.000), and 54.5% patients had recurrences, most commonly both systemic and nodal (45.83%). Median OS of patients without recurrence was 34 months. CONCLUSION: In this large surgical series of AMs, outcome in stage I and II patients was significantly better than stage III and patients with stage II disease can have acceptable oncological outcomes. Radical surgical resections with or without lymphadenectomy could be considered in these patients. The role of adjuvant systemic therapy and radiation needs to be explored as part of multimodality treatment.

7.
Turk Patoloji Derg ; 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514569

RESUMO

This case report aims to present clinicopathological features of an extremely rare case of multifocal pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma (PMHE) in the scalp. A 21-year-old male developed multiple, focally ulcerated, nodules over the root of his nose and scalp. One of the skin lesions was sampled at another dermatology clinic, where this was diagnosed as a sarcoma. A review of biopsy sections showed well-circumscribed dermal lesions, comprising plump spindle and epithelioid cells, mimicking rhabdomyoblasts. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for AE1/AE3, CD31, FLI-1 and ERG. INI-1 was retained. A diagnosis of PMHE was offered. Subsequently, the patient underwent wide excision and has been asymptomatic for 8 months, post-surgery. PMHE is rarely reported in the head and neck region, where it can constitute a diagnostic pitfall. Awareness of this tumor and appropriate immunohistochemical stains are necessary for its timely diagnosis, in order to avoid radical treatments. A review of similar, previously documented cases is presented.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 710585, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568037

RESUMO

Background: Treatment of malignant melanoma has undergone a paradigm shift with the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and targeted therapies. However, access to ICI is limited in low-middle income countries (LMICs). Patients and Methods: Histologically confirmed malignant melanoma cases registered from 2013 to 2019 were analysed for pattern of care, safety, and efficacy of systemic therapies (ST). Results: There were 659 patients with a median age of 53 (range 44-63) years; 58.9% were males; 55.2% were mucosal melanomas. Most common primary sites were extremities (36.6%) and anorectum (31.4%). Nearly 10.8% of the metastatic cohort were BRAF mutated. Among 368 non-metastatic patients (172 prior treated, 185 de novo, and 11 unresectable), with a median follow-up of 26 months (0-83 months), median EFS and OS were 29.5 (95% CI: 22-40) and 33.3 (95% CI: 29.5-41.2) months, respectively. In the metastatic cohort, with a median follow up of 24 (0-85) months, the median EFS for BSC was 3.1 (95% CI 1.9-4.8) months versus 3.98 (95% CI 3.2-4.7) months with any ST (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.52-0.92; P = 0.011). The median OS was 3.9 (95% CI 3.3-6.4) months for BSC alone versus 12.0 (95% CI 10.5-15.1) months in any ST (HR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.28-0.50; P < 0.001). The disease control rate was 51.55%. Commonest grade 3-4 toxicity was anemia with chemotherapy (9.5%) and ICI (8.8%). In multivariate analysis, any ST received had a better prognostic impact in the metastatic cohort. Conclusions: Large real-world data reflects the treatment patterns adopted in LMIC for melanomas and poor access to expensive, standard of care therapies. Other systemic therapies provide meaningful clinical benefit and are worth exploring especially when the standard therapies are challenging to administer.

11.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34401980

RESUMO

Laryngeal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare and heterogeneous, encompassing well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NETs; grade 1, 2, and 3), neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs, small cell and large cell types), and mixed neuroendocrine non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN). We aimed to study the clinicopathologic spectrum of these neoplasms. A retrospective review of all primary laryngeal NENs diagnosed from 2005 to 2017 was undertaken. Mitotic index was divided into < 2, ≥ 2-10, and > 10 mitoses/2 mm2, with a Ki-67 labelling index of < 2%, ≥ 2-20%, and > 20% for the NET grade 1, 2 and 3 categories, respectively. A total of 27 patients were included. The median age at presentation was 60 years; the male-to-female ratio was 8:1. Supraglottis (n = 22) was the most frequently affected subsite. There were 9 NETs grade 2 (G2), and 18 NECs cases. There were no NET grade 1 or 3 cases in our cohort. Among the NETs G2, the morphology was epithelioid (2), plasmacytoid (3), clear (2), oncocytic (1), and rhabdoid (1). Unique 'glomeruloid structures' (n = 5), calcification (n = 3), lymphoid aggregates (n = 5), intranuclear inclusions (n = 2), hyaline globules (n = 3), and Leisegang rings (n = 2) were identified. NECs comprised 16 small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and 2 large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. On immunohistochemistry, tumor cells expressed AE1/AE3 (86%), synaptophysin (100%), chromogranin (100%), INSM1 (100%), calcitonin (33.3%). In the NEC group, p53 aberrant expression (87.5%), Retinoblastoma (Rb) loss (88.2%), and diffuse p16 immunoreactivity (66.7%) were additionally observed. Lymph-node metastasis was detected in 62.5% and 85.7%, while distant metastasis in 55.6% and 76.9%, respectively in NET G2 and NEC. Laryngeal NENs are aggressive neoplasms with a high rate of nodal and distant metastasis. Awareness of the wide pathologic spectrum of laryngeal NENs and appropriate use of IHC is needed to render an accurate diagnosis. Ki67 assessment is strongly recommended for laryngeal NEN prognostication.

12.
Indian J Cancer ; 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380840

RESUMO

Background: A comprehensive histopathology report of colorectal carcinoma surgery is important in cancer staging and planning adjuvant treatment. Our aim was to review histopathology reports of operated specimens of colorectal carcinoma in our institution between 2013 and 2015 to assess different histological parameters, including lymph node yield, and to evaluate compliance to minimum data sets. Methods: After approval by the institutional review board (IRB), we analyzed 1230 histopathology reports of colorectal carcinoma between 2013 and 2015. Various gross and microscopic findings (along with age, sex) were noted, for example, specimen type, tumor site, resection margins including circumferential resection margin (CRM), lymphovascular invasion, perineural invasion, pTNM stage, lymph node yield, etc. Results: Out of 1230 patients, 826 (67.15%) were men and 404 (32.85%) were women. The overall mean age was 52 (range: 18 - 90) years. There were 787 surgeries for rectal cancers. All reports commented on the type of specimen, tumor size (mean = 4.38 cm), proximal, and distal margins. Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and the pT stage were mentioned in 98.06% and 99.84%, respectively. The overall mean lymph node yield was 18.38 (median = 15, range = 0-130 lymph nodes). A statistically significant difference in lymph node yield was detected between rectal and colonic cancer patients (14.79 and 27.26); post neoadjuvant therapy (NACT) cases, and NACT naive cases (13.51 and 25.11); and high tumor stage and low tumor stage disease (20.60 and 15.22). Not commenting on extramural vascular emboli, tumor budding, and CRM in non-rectal cancer cases were the lacunae. Conclusion: Our compliance with minimal data sets is satisfactory. The overall mean lymph node yield was 18.38 (median = 15). Extramural vascular emboli, tumor budding need to be captured.

13.
Rambam Maimonides Med J ; 12(3)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to retrospectively review clinical data, management protocols, and clinical outcomes of patients with fibromatoses of head and neck region treated at our tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 patients with confirmed histopathological diagnosis of fibromatosis registered in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery at Tata Memorial Centre, India, between 2009 and 2019. Various clinical and pathological features and treatment modalities were evaluated. RESULTS: Age at diagnosis ranged between 18 and 74 years, with a median age of 36 years. The female-to-male ratio was 5:6. Supraclavicular fossa (n=4) was the most common subsite of origin in the neck (n=8). The lateral (n=2) and posterior cervical regions (n=2) were other common neck subsites. Less commonly involved sites were the mandible (n=1), maxilla (n=1), and thyroid (n=1). A total of eight patients underwent surgery at other centers before being referred to us for further management. Out of a total 11 patients, nine patients had unresectable disease at presentation. Six of the patients with unresectable disease received a combination of weekly doses of vinblastine 6 mg/m2 and methotrexate 30 mg/m2 for a median duration of 6 months (range 6-18 months) followed by hormonal therapy with tamoxifen. Three patients received metronomic chemotherapy followed by hormonal therapy. One treatment-naive patient with fibromatosis of posterior cervical (suboccipital) region underwent R2 resection (excision of bulk of the tumor with preservation of critical structures) at our center along with adjuvant radiotherapy. One pregnant patient reported to us after undergoing surgery outside and defaulting radiotherapy. During median follow-up of 29 months (range 1-77 months), six patients had stable disease, and four patients had disease reduction. Disease progression was seen in one patient. The two-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 90% (95% CI 70%-100%). CONCLUSION: Gross residual resection (R2) was the mainstay of surgical treatment in our series, as obtaining clear surgical margins is seldom possible in these locally aggressive tumors. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy are the other preferred and more conservative treatment modalities. The goal of surgery should be preserving function with minimal or no morbidity. As fibromatoses in the head and neck region are extremely rare, their treatment awaits the development of standard treatment protocols.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: pN3 or ypN3 stage gastric cancers (GCs) are known to have aggressive clinical behaviour. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting survival and pattern of recurrences of N3 stage GCs, treated with curative intent. METHODS: A total of 196 GC patients, operated on at the Tata Memorial Centre from 2003 to 2017 and reported as pN3 or ypN3 status on histopathology after D2 gastrectomy were included in this retrospective analysis. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, use of NACT (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) and LN ratio (≤ 0.5/> 0.5) emerged as significant predictors for long-term survival. Patients who received NACT but were still harbouring N3 nodes (ypN3; n = 102) had a worse prognosis than those operated on upfront (pN3; n = 94), with a median survival of 19 months versus 24 months respectively (p = 0.003). The 5-year overall survival of the entire cohort was 16.3% (95% CI 12.8-19.8%), while 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 14.6% (95% CI 12.6-20%). Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, though offered in a small number of patients (n = 38) resulted in improvement in DFS. Median DFS of adjuvant CT versus adjuvant CRT was 13 months versus 23 months (p = 0.020). The commonest site of relapse was the peritoneum (49.18%) and incidence of isolated loco-regional failure was 10.7%. CONCLUSION: In GCs with N3 stage determined after radical D2 gastrectomy, LN ratio of > 0.5 and ypN3 status are predictors of poor prognosis. Considering the high incidence of peritoneal and loco-regional relapse in these patients, the role of more radical surgery, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after upfront resection and intraperitoneal chemotherapy should be evaluated in prospective randomized clinical trials.

15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076846

RESUMO

Carcinoma cuniculatum (CC) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that is characterized by minimal cytologic atypia and a unique deeply infiltrative growth pattern resembling rabbit burrows (cuniculi). With less than 75 cases reported in the head and neck, the clinical and pathologic spectrum of this entity remains poorly understood. A retrospective review of the clinical and pathologic features of archival cases of oral CC was performed. A total of six cases of oral CC were identified. Age ranged from 25-77 years; the male-to-female ratio was 5:1. All patients had a long-standing history of tobacco and betel-quid consumption. The tumors were distributed in the gingivobuccal sulcus (n = 2), the tongue (n = 2), buccal mucosa (n = 1), and the palate (n = 1). Histology in all cases typically revealed a tumor composed of well-differentiated squamous epithelium, devoid of atypia, lining deeply infiltrative, large-sized, branching, keratin-filled cavities, resembling rabbit-burrows. Dense lymphocytic infiltrates and discharging micro-abscesses were regular features. Underlying bone invasion and lymph node metastasis were observed in 1 patient. One patient with a tongue tumor developed locoregional recurrence at 10 months while none developed distant metastasis. Oral CC is a rare and under-recognized variant of SCC with locally aggressive behavior. Lack of familiarity with this variant exacerbated by the absence of cytologic anaplasia makes CC susceptible to multiple negative biopsies and erroneous diagnoses. Awareness of this clinicopathologic entity is essential to allow its accurate diagnosis and optimal management.

16.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184157

RESUMO

Ossifying fibromas of the head and neck region are classified as cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) (odontogenic origin), and two types of juvenile ossifying fibromas: juvenile trabecular ossifying fibroma (JTOF), and juvenile psammomatous ossifying fibroma (JPOF). The potential for recurrence in JTOF and JPOF and the discovery of newer molecular signatures necessitates accurate histological classification. Over 12 years (2005-2017), a total of 45 patients with 51 tumours were retrieved and reviewed for clinic-pathological features from the archives of a tertiary care oncology centre. Of 45 cases, COF, JTOF and JPOF comprised 13 (28.9%), 11 (24.4%) and 18 (40%) cases respectively. Three cases were unclassifiable. M: F ratio was 1:3.3, 1.1:1, 2:1 for COF, JTOF and JPOF respectively with an age range of 6-66 years (mean: 24.6, median; 18.1 years). The most common site for COF was mandible, for JTOF was maxilla, and for JPOF was ethmoid sinus. One case of mixed JTOF and JPOF histology was seen. Aneurysmal bone cyst-like areas were seen in 26.6% of cases, most commonly in JPOF. Follow up was available in 23 cases, and ranged from 4 to 207 months. Three cases of JPOF had a recurrence and one patient with JTOF had residual disease after surgery. One case of COF demonstrated increased parathyroid hormone levels. COF, JTOF, and JPOF are clinically, radiologically and histologically distinct entities. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment. JPOF has a higher incidence of recurrence as compared to JTOF and COF and hence needs a more aggressive follow-up.

17.
J Pathol Inform ; 12: 3, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34012707

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the widespread adoption of digital pathology (DP) for primary diagnosis in surgical pathology. This paradigm shift is likely to influence how we function routinely in the postpandemic era. We present learnings from early adoption of DP for a live digital sign-out from home in a risk-mitigated environment. Materials and Methods: We aimed to validate DP for remote reporting from home in a real-time environment and evaluate the parameters influencing the efficiency of a digital workflow. Eighteen pathologists prospectively validated DP for remote use on 567 biopsy cases including 616 individual parts from 7 subspecialties over a duration from March 21, 2020, to June 30, 2020. The slides were digitized using Roche Ventana DP200 whole-slide scanner and reported from respective homes in a risk-mitigated environment. Results: Following re-review of glass slides, there was no major discordance and 1.2% (n = 7/567) minor discordance. The deferral rate was 4.5%. All pathologists reported from their respective homes from laptops with an average network speed of 20 megabits per second. Conclusion: We successfully validated and adopted a digital workflow for remote reporting with available resources and were able to provide our patients, an undisrupted access to subspecialty expertise during these unprecedented times.

19.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(4): 1137-1146, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840044

RESUMO

Collision tumor is the occurrence of two histologically and morphologically distinct tumors within the same organ with no histological admixture. Collision tumors of the thyroid are extremely rare constituting < 1% of all thyroid tumors. Clinical profiles and pathological features of Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) presenting as Collision tumors of thyroid, diagnosed between 2009 and 2019, at a tertiary care cancer center were retrospectively analyzed. Collision tumors comprised 4.7% of all MTC cases diagnosed over 10 years. A total of 21 cases (11males, 11 females, M:F = 1) were retrieved with the mean age of patients being 45.33 years (range 26-77 years). More than half of PTCs involved the right lobe of the thyroid (66.6%). About half (53.4%) of MTCs affected the left lobe. Imaging done pre-operatively failed to identify the smaller second tumor in 60% of the cases with both tumours in separate lobes. Pre-operative FNAC showed only MTC in all 8 cases in which it was done. Papillary microcarcinoma (m-PTC) was seen in 85.7% cases, with one case of multifocal m-PTC. MTC (mean size 3.12 cm), on an average, was 3 times larger than the PTC (mean size 0.91 cm). The histological variants of MTC included-oncocytic (1/21, 4.7%), spindle cell (1/21, 4.7%), epithelial (3/21, 14.2%) and classical (16/21, 76.2%) and of PTC included classic PTC (12/21, 57.14%), Hurthle cell (2/21, 9.52%), tall cell (1/21, 4.76%) and follicular variant of PTC (6/21, 28.57%). The microscopic extrathyroidal extension (ETE) due to MTC and PTC component was 42.8% and 9.5% respectively. Lymph node metastasis was seen in 16 (76.2%) cases; 87.5% (14/16) of which were contributed by MTC, 12.5% (2/16) by PTC alone, and 12.5% (2/16) cases showed metastasis from both MTC and PTC. MTC had a higher stage than PTC in 85.5% of cases. Collision tumors of the thyroid are exceedingly rare, and possibly underdiagnosed due to variation in sampling techniques, especially of the grossly "normal lobe". The low incidence in our cohort is in favor of the "Chance theory" of co-occurrence. This diagnosis is important due to its therapeutic and prognostic implications.

20.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 64(2): 439-441, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851662
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