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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Racial factors play a significant role in SSc. We evaluated differences in SSc presentations between white patients (WP), Asian patients (AP) and black patients (BP) and analysed the effects of geographical locations. METHODS: SSc characteristics of patients from the EUSTAR cohort were cross-sectionally compared across racial groups using survival and multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The study included 9162 WP, 341 AP and 181 BP. AP developed the first non-RP feature faster than WP but slower than BP. AP were less frequently anti-centromere (ACA; odds ratio (OR) = 0.4, P < 0.001) and more frequently anti-topoisomerase-I autoantibodies (ATA) positive (OR = 1.2, P = 0.068), while BP were less likely to be ACA and ATA positive than were WP [OR(ACA) = 0.3, P < 0.001; OR(ATA) = 0.5, P = 0.020]. AP had less often (OR = 0.7, P = 0.06) and BP more often (OR = 2.7, P < 0.001) diffuse skin involvement than had WP. AP and BP were more likely to have pulmonary hypertension [OR(AP) = 2.6, P < 0.001; OR(BP) = 2.7, P = 0.03 vs WP] and a reduced forced vital capacity [OR(AP) = 2.5, P < 0.001; OR(BP) = 2.4, P < 0.004] than were WP. AP more often had an impaired diffusing capacity of the lung than had BP and WP [OR(AP vs BP) = 1.9, P = 0.038; OR(AP vs WP) = 2.4, P < 0.001]. After RP onset, AP and BP had a higher hazard to die than had WP [hazard ratio (HR) (AP) = 1.6, P = 0.011; HR(BP) = 2.1, P < 0.001]. CONCLUSION: Compared with WP, and mostly independent of geographical location, AP have a faster and earlier disease onset with high prevalences of ATA, pulmonary hypertension and forced vital capacity impairment and higher mortality. BP had the fastest disease onset, a high prevalence of diffuse skin involvement and nominally the highest mortality.

2.
Harefuah ; 158(9): 563-567, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507104

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aging process of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) requires re-assessment of diagnostic and treatment approaches in patients who developed RA at 60-69 years (EORA-Elderly-Onset RA), 70 years and older (LORA-Late Onset RA) compared with CORA patients - Common Onset RA (35 - 50 years). METHODS: Comparing data of CORA, EORA and LORA patients: gender, nationality; swollen and tender joints (out of 28 joints), Disease Activity Score (DAS28), inflammatory markers, rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA); treatment with corticosteroids and disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). RESULTS: Patients' files were examined: CORA (39, 33.5%), EORA (37, 30.8%) and LORA (44, 36.7%). No differences were observed between swollen and tender joints, inflammatory markers, DAS28, RF, and ACPA. Methotrexate was introduced in 94.9% of CORA patients versus EORA (77.3%) and LORA (78.4%); 88.6% LORA-patients received corticosteroids versus 69.2% CORA; 43.2% of LORA patients and 92.3% CORA received synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs); 43.6% CORA versus 16.2% EORA and 9.3% LORA patients received biologics. CONCLUSIONS: No clinical and laboratory differences were found between CORA, EORA, and LORA groups. EORA and LORA patients received less synthetic and biological DMARDs. It is necessary to change the attitude to EORA and LORA and to promote advanced optimal treatments. Prospective studies on the efficacy and safety of novel drugs in EORA and LORA patients are needed.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Idade de Início , Idoso , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate agreement of the updated European League Against Rheumatism and European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) recommendations for treatment of systemic sclerosis (SSc) among international experts. In addition, to determine factors that might influence agreement. METHODS: Level of agreement (10-point scale: 0 = not at all, 10 = completely agree) and local drug availability (yes/no) were assessed using an online survey. The Web link to the survey was shared with 481 unique e-mail addresses and SSc networks (Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium, Australian Scleroderma Interest Group, International Systemic Sclerosis Inception Cohort). Level of agreement was compared between subgroups stratified for participant characteristics. RESULTS: In total, 263 experts participated, of whom n = 209 (79%) completed each single item. The majority were rheumatologists (n = 200, 76%) working in Europe (n = 185; 71%); 59% (n = 156) were EUSTAR members; and 57% (n = 151) had > 10 years of clinical experience. Overall level of agreement was high (mean 8.0, SD 2.5). The 3 highest mean agreements included (1) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for scleroderma renal crisis (9.2, SD 2.1); (2) blood pressure control in SSc-patients treated with corticosteroids (9.0, SD 2.2); (3) proton pump inhibitors to prevent reflux complications (9.0, SD 2.2). The 3 lowest mean agreements included (1) fluoxetine for Raynaud phenomenon (RP; 4.6, SD 2.8); (2) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for severe SSc (7.1, SD 2.9); (3) phosphodiesterase inhibitors 5 for RP (7.3, SD 2.7). Agreement differed between Europe and non-Europe for the use of iloprost, bosentan, methotrexate, HSCT, and cyclophosphamide. Treatment availability could partially explain differential agreement for iloprost, bosentan, and HSCT. CONCLUSION: In general, worldwide expert agreement on updated recommendations for treatment of SSc is high, supporting their value. Differences in agreement are partially explained by geographical area and treatment availability.

4.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(9): 1547-1555, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is an extracellular enzyme that cross-links collagen fibrils. LOX was found to be increased in serum of SSc patients and was suggested to be related to skin fibrosis, yet a vascular source of LOX has been demonstrated in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH). We aimed to validate elevated LOX serum levels in SSc and to study its correlation with clinical characteristics and investigate its main source at the tissue level. METHODS: A total of 86 established SSc patients were compared with 86 patients with very early diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (VEDOSS), 110 patients with primary RP (PRP) and 80 healthy controls. LOX serum levels were determined by ELISA. Five lung and 12 skin biopsies from SSc patients were stained for LOX and compared with controls. RESULTS: Serum levels of LOX in SSc were significantly higher than in VEDOSS, PRP and healthy controls (P < 0.001). LOX inversely correlated with the diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) in diffuse SSc (r = -0.376, P = 0.02). Patients with moderate to severe estimated systolic PAH had higher LOX levels (P < 0.01). Lung biopsies demonstrated intense LOX staining in SSc patients with PAH that was predominantly located in the endothelium of the remodelled pulmonary vessels. CONCLUSION: Serum LOX levels are increased in established SSc and inversely correlate with the DLCO. LOX is elevated in patients with moderate to severe PAH and is located in the proliferating endothelium in lung arterioles, suggesting a possible role for LOX in SSc-associated PAH.

5.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(1): 29-34, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aggregation of autoimmune diseases in relatives (AID-R) of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) has been reported. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence of autoimmune diseases in SSc relatives and to compare their features to those of SSc patients without AID-R (controls). METHODS: A case-control analysis compared SSc patients with AID-R to those without AID-R (25 patients) with similar disease duration. RESULTS: Among 322 patients, 25 (7.7%; 21 females, 41.4 ± 15.6 years of age, disease duration 11 ± 8.6 years) had AID-R (21 had a first-degree relative, 4 had a second-degree relative, and 2 had both). Fourteen patients (56%) and five controls (20%) had an additional autoimmune disease (P < 0.009). Diffuse SSc (48% vs. 24%) and arthritis (72% vs. 28%) were more frequent among the patients with AID-R than the controls (P < 0.05). No significant differences were found regarding lung, heart, vascular, and digestive system involvement. The mean number of additional autoimmune diseases was 0.84 ± 0.94 in AID-R vs. 0.24 ± 0.52 in controls (P < 0.038). The mean number of autoantibodies was 2.8 ± 1.5 and 2.2 ± 0.9 (P < 0.047). Five patients died during follow-up, four of whom had AID-R. Relatives of SSc patients had diverse autoimmune diseases; the prevalence of SSc in scleroderma relatives was 1.86% (2 in first-degree and 6 in second-degree relatives). SSc patients with AID-R had an obvious tendency to polyautoimmunity. CONCLUSIONS: A precise family history is an important clue in prognosis and prediction of autoimmune diseases in SSc patients and their relatives.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 68-75, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe differences in clinical presentation between men and women in a large group of patients with early (<3 years' duration) systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to disease subsets. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the prospective EULAR Scleroderma Trial and Research database (EUSTAR) was performed. Patients fulfilling preliminary ACR 1980 classification criteria for SSc, with less than 3 years from the first non-Raynaud's symptom at first entry, were selected. A group of patients with less than 3 years from the first SSc symptom, including Raynaud's phenomenon, was also analysed. SSc related variables, including antibodies, SSc subsets, disease activity and organ involvement were included. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1,027 patients were included, 90% Caucasian, 80% women, and 40% with diffuse cutaneous disease. In early stages of SSc, men showed more frequently than women active disease, diffuse cutaneous subset, anti-Scl-70 antibodies, elevated acute phase reactants, muscular and pulmonary involvement. Differences between men and women were confirmed in the limited, but not in the diffuse SSc subset. The results were similar when 650 patients with less than three years from the first SSc symptom, including Raynaud's phenomenon, were analysed. CONCLUSIONS: In early stages of SSc, men present signs and symptoms of more severe disease. In the limited disease subset, men might appear with clinical features and organ involvement similar to those of the diffuse subgroup. In clinical practice, the identification of such differences might help to select the appropriate management for each particular patient.

7.
Front Immunol ; 9: 753, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706966

RESUMO

Objectives: γδ T cells, a non-conventional innate lymphocyte subset containing cells that can be activated by lipids and phosphoantigens, are abnormally regulated in systemic sclerosis (SSc). To further evaluate the significance of this dysregulation, we compared how exposure to an autoantigenic lipid, cardiolipin (CL), during co-stimulation with an amino-bisphosphonate (zoledronate, zol), affects the activation and cytokine production of SSc and healthy control (HC) γδ T cells. Methods: Expression of CD25 on Vγ9+, Vδ1+, and total CD3+ T cells in cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), their binding of CD1d tetramers, and the effect of monoclonal antibody (mAb) blockade of CD1d were monitored by flow cytometry after 4 days of in vitro culture. Intracellular production of IFNγ and IL-4 was assessed after overnight culture. Results: Percentages of CD25+ among CD3+ and Vδ1+ T cells were elevated significantly in short-term cultured SSc PBMC compared to HC. In SSc but not HC, CL and zol, respectively, suppressed %CD25+ Vγ9+ and Vδ1+ T cells but, when combined, CL + zol significantly activated both subsets in HC and partially reversed inhibition by the individual reagents in SSc. Importantly, Vδ1+ T cells in both SSc and HC were highly reactive with lipid presenting CD1d tetramers, and a CD1d-blocking mAb decreased CL-induced enhancement of %SSc CD25+ Vδ1+ T cells in the presence of zol. %IFNγ+ cells among Vγ9+ T cells of SSc was lower than HC cultured in medium, CL, zol, or CL + zol, whereas %IFNγ+ Vδ1+ T cells was lower only in the presence of CL or CL + zol. %IL-4+ T cells were similar in SSc and HC in all conditions, with the exception of being increased in SSc Vγ9+ T cells in the presence of CL. Conclusion: Abnormal functional responses of γδ T cell subsets to stimulation by CL and phosphoantigens in SSc may contribute to fibrosis and immunosuppression, characteristics of this disease.

8.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 20(4): 239-244, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue is common among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), affecting quality of life. Osteoporosis is a prevalent co-morbidity in RA patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of long-term treatment with tocilizumab on fatigue and bone mineral density (BMD) in RA patients with inadequate response to synthetic or biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label, non-controlled, single-arm study, patients ≥ 18 years of age received intravenous tocilizumab 8 mg/kg every 4 weeks for 96 weeks. The primary outcome was the change in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue score from baseline to weeks 24, 48, 72, and 96. BMD was assessed before and 96 weeks after treatment. RESULTS: The study comprised 145 patients (mean age 53.4 ± 13.4 years, 83.4% women). Of these, 88 (60.7%) completed the 2 year treatment period. The mean FACIT-Fatigue score improved consistently starting from week 4 and showed a statistically significant increase of 5.0 ± 9.7, 6.8 ± 10.5, 7.3 ± 10.9, and 7.3 ± 10.4 from baseline to weeks 24, 48, 72, and 96, respectively (P < 0.0001). Mean BMD of femoral neck and total spine remained stable. Disease activity, acute phase reactants, and composite efficacy measures decreased during the study, while hemoglobin levels increased. Adverse events and serious adverse events were as expected for the known and previously described data. CONCLUSIONS: Tocilizumab therapy for 2 years significantly and clinically decreased fatigue. BMD remained stable and no new safety issue was reported.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 563-570, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29306872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to use the opportunity provided by the European Scleroderma Observational Study to (1) identify and describe those patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) with progressive skin thickness, and (2) derive prediction models for progression over 12 months, to inform future randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) was recorded every 3 months in 326 patients. 'Progressors' were defined as those experiencing a 5-unit and 25% increase in mRSS score over 12 months (±3 months). Logistic models were fitted to predict progression and, using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, were compared on the basis of the area under curve (AUC), accuracy and positive predictive value (PPV). RESULTS: 66 patients (22.5%) progressed, 227 (77.5%) did not (33 could not have their status assessed due to insufficient data). Progressors had shorter disease duration (median 8.1 vs 12.6 months, P=0.001) and lower mRSS (median 19 vs 21 units, P=0.030) than non-progressors. Skin score was highest, and peaked earliest, in the anti-RNA polymerase III (Pol3+) subgroup (n=50). A first predictive model (including mRSS, duration of skin thickening and their interaction) had an accuracy of 60.9%, AUC of 0.666 and PPV of 33.8%. By adding a variable for Pol3 positivity, the model reached an accuracy of 71%, AUC of 0.711 and PPV of 41%. CONCLUSIONS: Two prediction models for progressive skin thickening were derived, for use both in clinical practice and for cohort enrichment in RCTs. These models will inform recruitment into the many clinical trials of dcSSc projected for the coming years. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02339441.

10.
Autoimmun Rev ; 17(2): 87-93, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29196242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent and severe complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), resulting in pulmonary fibrosis (PF) and respiratory failure. METHODS: Chest computed tomography (CT-c) or high resolution CT (HRCT) is the main modality for assessment of ILD. We performed a systematic literature review on CT-c/HRCT findings in patients with ILD-RA, using the MEDLINE database for the period from 1991 to 2015. RESULTS: Findings on CT-c/HRCT attributed to ILD-RA are variable (ground glass opacities, reticular and nodular pattern, as well as a combined pattern of emphysema and PF). Correlation of CT-c/HRCT findings with clinical data is inconsistent. CONCLUSIONS: ILD-RA is part of a general autoimmune inflammation and should be integrated into the decision-making process for the treatment of RA. There is an unmet need to design an algorithm which will allow prediction of CT-c changes compatible with ILD-RA with a high probability. Hopefully, this will enable treating patients with ILD-RA early, with possible halting of the progression of ILD-RA toward PF.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(2): 370-381, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207002

RESUMO

Objectives: Our aim was to describe the burden of early dcSSc in terms of disability, fatigue and pain in the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort, and to explore associated clinical features. Methods: Patients completed questionnaires at study entry, 12 and 24 months, including the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), the Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue and the Short Form 36 (SF36). Associates examined included the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), current digital ulcers and internal organ involvement. Correlations between 12-month changes were also examined. Results: The 326 patients recruited (median disease duration 11.9 months) displayed high levels of disability [mean (s.d.) HAQ-DI 1.1 (0.83)], with 'grip' and 'activity' being most affected. Of the 18 activities assessed in the CHFS, those involving fine finger movements were most affected. High HAQ-DI and CHFS scores were both associated with high mRSS (ρ = 0.34, P < 0.0001 and ρ = 0.35, P < 0.0001, respectively). HAQ-DI was higher in patients with digital ulcers (P = 0.004), pulmonary fibrosis (P = 0.005), cardiac (P = 0.005) and muscle involvement (P = 0.002). As anticipated, HAQ-DI, CHFS, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy and SF36 scores were all highly correlated, in particular the HAQ-DI with the CHFS (ρ = 0.84, P < 0.0001). Worsening HAQ-DI over 12 months was strongly associated with increasing mRSS (ρ = 0.40, P < 0.0001), decreasing hand function (ρ = 0.57, P < 0.0001) and increasing fatigue (ρ = -0.53, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: The European Scleroderma Observational Study highlights the burden of disability in early dcSSc, with high levels of disability and fatigue, associating with the degree of skin thickening (mRSS). Impaired hand function is a major contributor to overall disability.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Europa (Continente) , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Dedos , Força da Mão , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(11): 1897-1905, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28835464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the causes of death and risk factors in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2011, we examined the death certificates of all French patients with SSc to determine causes of death. Then we examined causes of death and developed a score associated with all-cause mortality from the international European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database. Candidate prognostic factors were tested by Cox proportional hazards regression model by single variable analysis, followed by a multiple variable model stratified by centres. The bootstrapping technique was used for internal validation. RESULTS: We identified 2719 French certificates of deaths related to SSc, mainly from cardiac (31%) and respiratory (18%) causes, and an increase in SSc-specific mortality over time. Over a median follow-up of 2.3 years, 1072 (9.6%) of 11 193 patients from the EUSTAR sample died, from cardiac disease in 27% and respiratory causes in 17%. By multiple variable analysis, a risk score was developed, which accurately predicted the 3-year mortality, with an area under the curve of 0.82. The 3-year survival of patients in the upper quartile was 53%, in contrast with 98% in the first quartile. CONCLUSION: Combining two complementary and detailed databases enabled the collection of an unprecedented 3700 deaths, revealing the major contribution of the cardiopulmonary system to SSc mortality. We also developed a robust score to risk-stratify these patients and estimate their 3-year survival. With the emergence of new therapies, these important observations should help caregivers plan and refine the monitoring and management to prolong these patients' survival.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Bases de Dados Factuais , Atestado de Óbito , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Harefuah ; 156(7): 408-410, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786266

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Significant progress has been made in the field of rheumatology in recent years: creative and technological progress in immunology and genome studies have led to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases and subsequent development of biologic medicines possessing powerful anti-inflammatory efficacy and the ability to shut down the disease-related damage to the cartilage and bone. New methods of diagnostics of rheumatic disorders, both laboratory and imaging, have emerged in order to allow earlier recognition of diseases. The initiatives on the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases in the preclinical stage have been formulated and received much attention recently. Of no doubt, the enthusiasm and energy of rheumatologists and laboratory researchers all over the world have served as a cornerstone for this fascinating progress in a single field. The current issue of Harefuah presents a spectrum of studies in the field of Rheumatology performed by Israeli physicians and researchers.


Assuntos
Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Reumatologia/tendências , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Médicos , Pesquisadores
14.
Harefuah ; 156(7): 422-426, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786279

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The shoulder is a complex multi-component structure of the musculoskeletal system with numerous elements within a limited space. These comprise of two joints, synovial sucks (bursa), tendons of rotator cuff, ligaments, multiple muscles, nerves, vessels, fat, bones and skin. Ultrasound (US) investigation of the shoulder enables us to obtain precise information of the anatomy at stasis and motion. Acquired experience and skills in the performance of the US study and knowledge of shoulder structure are a basis for diagnosis of shoulder problems. Analyzing six clinical cases with urgent shoulder diseases, we indicated the importance of US for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Ombro/anatomia & histologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Humanos , Manguito Rotador , Articulação do Ombro , Tendões
15.
Harefuah ; 156(7): 427-430, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High levels of infliximab (IFX) directed antibodies (IFX-Ab) may result in significant reduction in IFX concentration and loss of drug efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the input of measuring serum IFX levels and levels of IFX-Ab in the management of rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Serum levels of IFX and anti-IFX-Ab were measured by ELISA (IFX-Abs were also identified by anti-human lambda chain Ab) and correlated to patients (responders and nonresponders) disease activity scores. RESULTS: A total of 144 tests for IFX were performed in 91 patients (mean age 50.2 years and disease duration 9.9 years). Among responders (57 patients) levels (mean, median) of IFX were significantly higher than in non-responders (34 patients) (4.2 mcg/ml (2.3) versus 1.1 mcg/ml (0.45)); levels of IFX-Ab in responders were significantly lower than in non-responders (4.59 mcg/ml (1.0) versus 13.1 (6.1)). High IFX-Ab levels predicted IFX discontinuation in 8.8% of responders and 55.9% among non-responders. In non-responders with low IFX levels and low IFX-Ab, the shortening of re-treatment intervals lead to significant improvement. In about 28% of patients, results of blood tests influenced treatment decisions. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of immunogenicity of anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies proved useful information for guiding the therapy in rheumatic diseases with suboptimal clinical response. Patients with low IFX levels and low levels of IFXAb may benefit from increasing the drug dose or decreasing of re-treatment intervals. In patients with negligible serum levels of IFX and high levels of IFX-Ab, the therapy should be switched to another biological agent, probably with a different mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/sangue , Infliximab/imunologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Reumáticas/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 114-121, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28664832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence and clinical associations of elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP), measured by Transthoracic Doppler-echocardiography (TTE) in patients with early systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the prospective EULAR Scleroderma Trial and Research (EUSTAR) database was performed. SSc patients with <3 years from the first non-Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) symptom at baseline EUSTAR visit, were selected. Elevated sPAP was defined as sPAP>40 mmHg on baseline TTE. First visit SSc related variables, including disease subsets, antibodies and visceral involvement, were examined. RESULTS: From 1,188 patients, 81% were women. Mean (SD) age at first non-RP symptom was 50 (14) years, 55% had limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) and 42% active disease. Elevated sPAP was found in 17% of patients, both lcSSc and diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc). In lcSSc, older age at first non-RP symptom, ACA positivity, joint contractures, restrictive defect and lower DLCO, were independently associated with elevated sPAP. In dcSSc, older age at first non-RP symptom, longer time between RP onset and first non-RP symptom, digital ulcers, cardiac blocks, and proteinuria were associated with elevated sPAP. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of elevated sPAP on TTE in early SSc patients is considerable. Association with cardiac, lung and renal involvement suggests that, although some patients might have pulmonary arterial hypertension, others may present pulmonary hypertension secondary to lung or heart involvement. Our findings emphasize the need to consider right heart catheterisation in selected early SSc patients with PH suspicion, to clearly determine the cause of PH.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Sístole/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(7): 1207-1218, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28188239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The rarity of early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) makes randomised controlled trials very difficult. We aimed to use an observational approach to compare effectiveness of currently used treatment approaches. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study of early dcSSc (within three years of onset of skin thickening). Clinicians selected one of four protocols for each patient: methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), cyclophosphamide or 'no immunosuppressant'. Patients were assessed three-monthly for up to 24 months. The primary outcome was the change in modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS). Confounding by indication at baseline was accounted for using inverse probability of treatment (IPT) weights. As a secondary outcome, an IPT-weighted Cox model was used to test for differences in survival. RESULTS: Of 326 patients recruited from 50 centres, 65 were prescribed methotrexate, 118 MMF, 87 cyclophosphamide and 56 no immunosuppressant. 276 (84.7%) patients completed 12 and 234 (71.7%) 24 months follow-up (or reached last visit date). There were statistically significant reductions in mRSS at 12 months in all groups: -4.0 (-5.2 to -2.7) units for methotrexate, -4.1 (-5.3 to -2.9) for MMF, -3.3 (-4.9 to -1.7) for cyclophosphamide and -2.2 (-4.0 to -0.3) for no immunosuppressant (p value for between-group differences=0.346). There were no statistically significant differences in survival between protocols before (p=0.389) or after weighting (p=0.440), but survival was poorest in the no immunosuppressant group (84.0%) at 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: These findings may support using immunosuppressants for early dcSSc but suggest that overall benefit is modest over 12 months and that better treatments are needed. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02339441.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Esclerodermia Difusa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Rheumatol ; 44(5): 639-647, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28089973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of anti-RNA polymerase III antibodies (anti-RNAP3)- positive patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in the European League Against Rheumatism Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) registry with a focus on the risk of cancer and the characteristics of malignancies, and the aim to provide guidelines about potential cancer screening in these patients. METHODS: (1) Analysis of the EUSTAR database: 4986 patients with information on their anti-RNAP3 status were included. (2) Case-control study: additional retrospective data, including malignancy history, were queried in 13 participating EUSTAR centers; 158 anti-RNAP3+ cases were compared with 199 local anti-RNAP3- controls, matched for sex, cutaneous subset, disease duration, and age at SSc onset. (3) A Delphi exercise was performed by 82 experts to reach consensus for cancer screening in anti-RNAP3+ patients. RESULTS: In the EUSTAR registry, anti-RNAP3 were associated in multivariable analysis with renal crisis and diffuse cutaneous involvement. In the case-control study, anti-RNAP3 were associated with gastric antral vascular ectasia, rapid progression of skin involvement, and malignancies concomitant to SSc onset (OR 7.38, 95% CI 1.61-33.8). When compared with other anti-RNAP3+ patients, those with concomitant malignancies had older age (p < 0.001) and more frequent diffuse cutaneous involvement (p = 0.008). The Delphi exercise highlighted the need for malignancy screening at the time of diagnosis for anti-RNAP3+ patients and tight followup in the following years. CONCLUSION: Anti-RNAP3+ patients with SSc have a high risk of concomitant malignancy. These results have implications for clinical practice and suggest regular screening for cancer in anti-RNAP3+ patients.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Neoplasias/complicações , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia
19.
PLoS One ; 11(10): e0163894, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27706206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disorder characterised by fibrosis and microvascular obliteration of the skin and internal organs. Organ involvement mostly manifests after a variable period of the onset of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). We aimed to map the incidence and predictors of pulmonary, cardiac, gastrointestinal (GI) and renal involvement in the early course of SSc. METHODS: In the EUSTAR cohort, patients with early SSc were identified as those who had a visit within the first year after RP onset. Incident SSc organ manifestations and their risk factors were assessed using Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 695 SSc patients who had a baseline visit within 1 year after RP onset, the incident non-RP manifestations (in order of frequency) were: skin sclerosis (75%) GI symptoms (71%), impaired diffusing capacity for monoxide<80% predicted (65%), DU (34%), cardiac involvement (32%), FVC<80% predicted (31%), increased PAPsys>40mmHg (14%), and renal crisis (3%). In the heart, incidence rates were highest for diastolic dysfunction, followed by conduction blocks and pericardial effusion. While the main baseline risk factor for a short timespan to develop FVC impairment was diffuse skin involvement, for PAPsys>40mmHg it was higher patient age. The main risk factors for incident cardiac manifestations were anti-topoisomerase autoantibody positivity and older age. Male sex, anti-RNA-polymerase-III positivity, and older age were risk factors associated with incident renal crisis. CONCLUSION: In SSc patients presenting early after RP onset, approximately half of all incident organ manifestations occur within 2 years and have a simultaneous rather than a sequential onset. These findings have implications for the design of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies aimed to 'widen' the still very narrow 'window of opportunity'. They may also enable physicians to counsel and manage patients presenting early in the course of SSc more accurately.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Doença de Raynaud/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Raynaud/fisiopatologia , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia
20.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 22(7): 364-8, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27660934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive agents may induce hepatitis B flares. The minimal corticosteroid dose and duration of therapy leading to HBV reactivation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether short-term corticosteroid therapy for rheumatologic diseases induces HBV reactivation. METHODS: The records of all HBsAg or HBcore antibodies positive, anti-HBs negative patients who were hospitalized in the rheumatology department during 2001-2014 and treated with corticosteroids were reviewed. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), HBV serology, and serum HBV DNA at baseline and 1-3 months after discharge were recorded. RESULTS: Complete data were found for 23 patients who were hospitalized 73 times for 7 days of treatment with IV corticosteroids. Eighteen patients were HBsAg positive. The mean methylprednisolone dose was 33.9 ± 24 mg/d. The concomitant therapy included DMARDs (15), low-dose corticosteroids (8), and biologicals (10). Serum HBV DNA was detected at baseline in seven patients. Three HBsAg-positive patients treated with cyclophosphamide had HBV hepatitis flare-up with elevated ALT. Two HBsAg-positive patients had reappearance of HBV DNA in serum after treatment with azathioprine and infliximab, respectively, but the ALT levels remained normal. Lamivudine therapy reduced the serum HBV DNA and improved ALT levels in all patients. Corticosteroid therapy by itself did not trigger exacerbation of HBV hepatitis. No HBV reactivation occurred in lamivudine-treated patients after recurrent exposure to biologicals or cyclophosphamide. CONCLUSIONS: Short episodes of corticosteroids seem to be safe in HBV carriers, even in the presence of DMARDs, but lamivudine prophylaxis should be considered for patients exposed to biologicals or cyclophosphamide. Larger prospective trials are needed to establish guidelines.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
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