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1.
Eurasian J Med ; 51(3): 267-269, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692690

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the compressive sonoelastography findings of primary esophageal carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Esophageal specimens of the patients with a tumor staged earlier than T2, with no lymphadenopathy or distant metastasis, who underwent surgery, were evaluated by compressive sonoelastography under ex vivo conditions immediately following surgical excision. The compressive sonoelastography findings of primary esophageal carcinoma were recorded. Compressive sonoelastography measurements were made according to the esophageal muscle because of lack of fat tissue. Results: The mean elasticity score was 3±1 (range, 1-4), and the mean strain ratio was 1±0.9 (range, 0.3-2.9). Conclusion: Primary esophageal carcinoma is stiff based on the elasticity score, and it demonstrated a mean strain ratio similar to the esophageal muscle.

2.
Cutan Ocul Toxicol ; 38(3): 290-293, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010341

RESUMO

Purpose: Carvone (CVN) is a natural monoterpene found in essential oils of many aromatic plant species. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of CVN against paclitaxel (PTX)-induced retinal and optic nerve cytotoxicity in rats. Methods: Twenty-four male adult Wistar albino rats (250-400 g) were randomized into four equal groups comprising six animals in each. Group 1 (control group) received intraperitoneal (i.p.) saline solution (0.5 mL/200 g) weekly for 4 weeks. Group 2 received i.p. CVN [(S)-(+)- CVN, (5S)-5-Isopropenyl-2-methyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one, C10H14, 25 mg/kg], while Group 3 received i.p. PTX (5 mg/kg) weekly for 4 weeks. Group 4 received i.p. CVN (25 mg/kg) 30 min after i.p. PTX (5 mg/kg) weekly for 4 weeks. At the end of the experimental period, retinal and optic nerve tissues were evaluated histopathologically. Results: All retinal specimens in control and CVN groups were histopathologically normal. In PTX group all eyes (6/6) demonstrated increased retinal vascularity and rosette-like structures in the outer nuclear layer, while in PTX-CVN group all eyes (6/6) demonstrated normal retinal vascularity and absence of rosette-like structures. All optic nerve specimens in control and CVN groups were histopathologically normal. In PTX group all eyes (6/6) demonstrated severe vacuolization and decrease in the number of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, while 3 eyes (3/6) demonstrated marked single cell necrosis. In PTX-CVN group, 4 eyes (4/6) demonstrated moderate vacuolization while, 2 eyes (2/6) had none. Compared with PTX group, 1 eye (1/6) in PTX-CVN group demonstrated a decrease in numbers of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes while 5 eyes (5/6) were normal. No remarkable single cell necrosis was observed in PTX-CVN group. Conclusions: Our histopathological findings demonstrated the potential protective role of CVN against PTX-induced retinal and optic nerve cytotoxicity. CVN might be a promising molecule in counteracting oxidative stress-based cytotoxicity in the field of retinal and optic nerve disorders.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Monoterpenos Cicloexânicos/uso terapêutico , Nervo Óptico/efeitos dos fármacos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Masculino , Nervo Óptico/patologia , Ratos Wistar , Retina/patologia
3.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; 88(3-4): 137-143, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165688

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), administered via sugar water, on retinal neovascularisation in rats. Animals were assigned to three groups, namely the TPP sugar-water group (TPSWG, n = 12), the control group (CG, n = 12) and the healthy group (HG, n = 12). The TPSWG was injected intraperitoneally with TPP once a day for 6 months. CG and HG rats were given distilled water in the same way. TPSWG and CG rats were left free to access an additional 0.292 mmol /ml of sugar water for 6 months. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels of the animals were measured monthly. After 6 months, biochemical, gene expression and histopathologic analyses were carried out in the retinal tissues removed from the animals after they were killed. The measured FBG levels were 6.96 ± 0.09 mmol/ml (p < 0.0001 vs. HG), 6.95 ± 0.06 mmol/ml (p < 0.0001 vs. HG) and 3.94 ± 0.10 mmol/ml in the CG, TPSWG and HG groups, respectively. The malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were found to be 2.82 ± 0.23 (p < 0.0001 vs. HG), 1.40 ± 0.32 (p < 0.0001 vs. HG) and 1.66 ± 0.17 in the CG, TPSWG and HG, respectively. Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß) gene expression was increased (3.78 ± 0.29, p < 0.0001) and total glutathione (tGSH) was decreased (1.32 ± 0.25, p < 0.0001) in the retinal tissue of CG compared with TPSWG (1.92 ± 0.29 and 3.18 ± 0.46, respectively). Increased vascularisation and oedema were observed in the retinal tissue of CG, while the retinal tissues of TPSWG and HG rats had a normal histopathological appearance. A carbohydrate-rich diet may lead to pathological changes in the retina even in nondiabetics, but this may be overcome by TPP administration.


Assuntos
Neovascularização Retiniana , Açúcares/metabolismo , Tiamina Pirofosfato/farmacologia , Tiamina , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 9(10): 1390-1395, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27803853

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the effects of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) and thiamine (TM) in oxidative optic neuropathy in rats induced by ethambutol. METHODS: The animals were divided into four groups: a control group (CG), an ethambutol control (ETC) group, TM plus ethambutol group (TMG), and TPP plus ethambutol group (TPPG). One hour after intraperitoneal administration of TM 20 mg/kg to the TMG group and TPP 20 mg/kg to TPPG group, 30 mg/kg ethambutol was given via gavage to all the groups but the CG. This procedure was repeated once daily for 90d. After that period, all rats were exposed to high levels of anaesthesia in order to investigate the gene expression of malondialdehyde and glutathione in removed optic nerve tissue and histopathologically to examine these tissues. RESULTS: Malondialdehyde gene expression significantly increased, whereas glutathione gene expression significantly decreased in the ETC group compared to the CG. TM could not prevent the increase of malondialdehyde gene expression and the decrease of glutathione, while TPP significantly could suppress. Histopathologically, significant vacuolization in the optic nerve, single-cell necrosis in the glial cells, and a decrease in oligodendrocytes were observed in the ETC group. Vacuolization in the optic nerve, a decrease in oligodendrocytes and single-cell necrosis were found in the TMG group, while no pathological finding was observed in the TPPG group except for mild vacuolization. CONCLUSION: TPP protects the optic nerve against the ethambutol-induced toxicity but TM does not. TPP can be beneficial in prophilaxis of optic neuropathy in ethambutol therapy.

5.
Case Rep Otolaryngol ; 2016: 6296840, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27722002

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) is the most commonly encountered congenital neck pathology in the lateral part of the neck. A 66-year-old woman presented to the ENT clinic due to difficulty in swallowing persisting for approximately 1 year. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic mass at right tonsil. Surgery was performed due to this unilateral tonsillar mass, which was excised together with the right tonsil. LEC was diagnosed at histopathological examination. LEC in the palatine tonsil is rare, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a rare case of LEC in the palatine tonsil.

6.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 64(6): 434-9, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27488151

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Information is lacking on the protective effects of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) against hyperglycemia-induced retinopathy in rats. This study investigated the biochemical and histopathological aspects of the effect of TPP on hyperglycemia-induced retinopathy induced by alloxan in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were separated into a diabetic TPP-administered group (DTPG), a diabetes control group (DCG) and a healthy group (HG). While the DTPG was given TPP, the DCG and HG were administered distilled water as a solvent at the same concentrations. This procedure was repeated daily for 3 months. At the end of this period, all of the rats were euthanized under thiopental sodium anesthesia, and biochemical and histopathological analyses of the ocular retinal tissues were performed. The results of the DTPG were compared with those of the DCG and HG. RESULTS: TPP prevented hyperglycemia by increasing the amount of malondialdehyde and decreasing endogen antioxidants, including total glutathione, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase and superoxide dismutase. In addition, the amounts of the DNA oxidation product 8-hydroxyguanine were significantly lower in the retinas of the DTPG compared to the DCG. In the retinas of the DCG, there was a marked increase in vascular structures and congestion, in addition to edema. In contrast, little vascularization and edema were observed in the DTPG, and there was no congestion. The results suggest that TPP significantly reduced the degree of hyperglycemia-induced retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that TPP may be useful for prophylaxis against diabetic retinopathy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Estresse Oxidativo , Retina/patologia , Doenças Retinianas/tratamento farmacológico , Tiamina Pirofosfato/farmacologia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Seguimentos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Doenças Retinianas/diagnóstico , Doenças Retinianas/etiologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Complexo Vitamínico B/farmacologia
7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 27(2): e210-1, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26872285

RESUMO

Schwannomas are benign tumors deriving from Schwann cells of the nerve sheath. They can occur in all parts of the body. Involvement of the nasal septum is quite rare, with only few cases having been reported in the literature. The authors present a patient with a unilateral tumor diagnosed as a schwannoma of the nasal septum.


Assuntos
Septo Nasal/patologia , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasais/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Endoscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasais/patologia , Neoplasias Nasais/cirurgia
8.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 65(6): 597-601, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26060153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and cluster of differentiation 95 in renal cell carcinomas having different clinico-pathological characteristics. METHODS: The study entailed histopathological diagnoses carried out on paraffin blocks at the Department of Pathology of the Medical Hospital of Duzce University, Turkey, between 2005 and 2011. Immunohistochemical staining for cyclooxygenase-2 and cluster of differentiation 95was performed on tissue microarray using standard procedures. Each patient's age and gender as well as the tumour's grade, stage, diameter, ureteral surgical margins, vascular invasion, capsule invasion and subtype were assessed. In order to determine if the cases were still alive, relatives were telephoned and identity registration records were checked. SPSS 18 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There were 49 paraffin blocks in the study.Significant correlations were found between cyclooxygenase-2 and tumour subtype (p=0.044) as well as between cyclooxygenase-2 and tumour diameter (p=0.026). There was a significant correlation between cluster of differentiation 95and the Fuhrman grade (p=0.050). CONCLUSIONS: Expression of cluster of differentiation 95and cyclooxygenase-2 may be correlated with prognostic parameters in renal cell carcinoma and may also be associated with tumour progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Receptor fas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Carga Tumoral
9.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(13): 5127-31, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25040962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the ninth most common cancer among females in Turkey. Cervical smear is a routine screening test used for the detection of cervical abnormalities and also it detects certain infections of the cervix. OBJECTIVE: To analyze cervical smear results of our clinic in order to determine most frequent pathology of the women in North Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study design, 8,495 cervical cytology cases diagnosed at the Pathology Department of the Regional Education and Research Hospital in Erzurum over the last one and half years extending from August 2012 to December 2013 were investigated. RESULTS: The most common diagnosis was found to be inflammation, 65.5 % (5,566 out of 8,495), and the least was squamous epithelial abnormalities 0.2% (13 out of 8,495). There was some variation among the three pathologists regarding diagnosis but findings for the latter. CONCLUSIONS: Regular cervical smear tests are one of the most important strategies in early diagnosis of cervical cancer but there are conflicting data regarding the prevalence of epithelial cell abnormalities in Turkey, and the reasons of this should be investigated.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/patologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Teste de Papanicolaou/métodos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Mulheres , Adulto Jovem
10.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 29(6): 405-12, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21219239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND DATA: In vivo and in vitro studies have reported that laser energy in differing wavelengths and irradiation regimes has a potential bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a light wavelength of 808 nm in varying doses has an effect on chronic osteomyelitis induced experimentally in the rat tibia. METHODS: Intramedullary cavities were surgically created in the left tibias of 39 adult Wistar albino rats. Five randomly selected subjects were injected with a sterile saline solution, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was used to induce osteomyelitis in the remaining rats. After 3 weeks, rats with evidence of osteomyelitis were treated with debridement alone (n = 7), with debridement plus laser irradiation to induce photoeradication (n = 21), or were not treated at all [negative control, (n = 6)]. Active irradiation was performed using an 808 nm, 100 mW continuous-wave diode laser with a beam spot size of 0.7854 cm(2) (irradiance = 127.3 mW/cm(2)). Laser treatment commenced immediately after debridement surgery and was applied daily for 5 consecutive days. Irradiation lasted 60 secs (6 J at 7.64 J/cm(2): n = 7), 120 secs (12 J at 15.29 J/cm(2): n = 7), or 180 secs (18 J at 22.93 J/cm(2): n = 7). Rats in the sham and negative control groups were killed 21 days post-induction surgery, and those in the treatment groups were killed after 42 days. Following killing, tibias were removed and analyzed histopathologically, radiographically, and microbiologically. RESULTS: Histopathological analysis showed that infection levels had decreased by 37%, 67%, 81%, and 93% in the groups treated by debridement or by debridement plus 7.64, 15.29, and 22.93 J/cm(2) light therapy, respectively, compared to the negative control group. Osteomyelitis-induced rats had the highest bacteria count (5 × 10(5)). Bacterial counts fell to 1.6 × 10(4), 4.3 × 10(2), 5.5 × 10(1), and 3.3 × 10(0) in groups treated by debridement or by debridement plus 7.64, 15.29, and 22.93 J/cm(2) light therapy, respectively, compared to the negative control group. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, laser phototherapy with the appropriate irradiation parameters appears to be a promising adjunct and/or alternative technique to pharmacological agents in the treatment of osteomyelitis. The 808 nm 100 mW (127.3 mW/cm(2)) laser device used in this study achieved a maximum effect with an irradiation time of 180 secs, delivering 18 J at an energy density of 22.93 J/cm(2).


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Osteomielite/radioterapia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/radioterapia , Animais , Doença Crônica , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos da radiação , Osteomielite/microbiologia , Osteomielite/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Tíbia/patologia
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