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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 208, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692729

RESUMO

The Mozambican Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (Moz-FELTP) is a two-year, competency-based post-graduate training and service program designed to build sustainable public health capacity in applied epidemiology. Despite the efforts, Moz-FELTP residents have historically difficulty to publishing their work for a variety of reasons that includes language barriers, lack of writing skills and motivation, limited budgetary support and lack of effective mentorship. This outline the need for different approaches to continuous improving the publication, such scientific writing mentorship for non-English FELTP residents.


Assuntos
Epidemiologia/educação , Linguagem , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa/educação , Educação Baseada em Competências , Humanos , Laboratórios , Mentores , Moçambique , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 27: 233, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28979635

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In the last decades, Mozambique has been undergoing demographic, epidemiological, economic and social transitions, which have all had a notable impact on the National Health System. New challenges have emerged, causing a need to expand the preparation and response to emerging disease threats and public health emergencies. METHODS: We describe the structure and function of the Mozambique Field Epidemiology Training Program (MZ-FELTP) and the main outputs achieved during the first 6 years of program implementation (consisting of 3 cohorts). We also outline the contribution of the program to the National Health System and assess the retention of the graduates. RESULTS: The MZ-FELTP is a post-graduate in-service training program, based on the acquisition of skills, within two tracks: applied epidemiology and laboratory management. The program was established in 2010, with the objective of strengthening capacity in applied epidemiology and laboratory management, so that events of public health importance can be detected and investigated in a timely and effective manner. The program is in its seventh year, having successfully trained 36 health professionals in the advanced course. During the first six years of the program, more than 40 outbreaks were investigated, 37 surveillance system evaluations were conducted and 39 descriptive data analyses were performed. Surveillance activities were implemented for mass events and emergency situations. In addition, more than 100 oral and poster presentations were given by trainees at national and international conferences. CONCLUSION: The MZ-FELTP has helped provide the Ministry of Health with the human and technical resources and operational capacity, to rapidly and effectively respond to major public health challenges in the country. The continuous involvement of key stakeholders is necessary for the continuation, expansion and ongoing sustainability of the program.


Assuntos
Epidemiologia/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Capacitação em Serviço/organização & administração , Saúde Pública/educação , Fortalecimento Institucional/métodos , Competência Clínica , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Laboratórios , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Moçambique , Vigilância da População/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Programas
3.
AIDS Behav ; 19 Suppl 1: S59-67, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25398418

RESUMO

Mineworkers are considered a population at risk for HIV due to risk behaviors associated with migratory work patterns. This was the first study in Mozambique to determine the prevalence of HIV and associated demographic and risk behaviors, and assess use and access to prevention and healthcare services among Mozambicans working in South African mines. Men who had worked in a South African mine in the past 12 months were recruited between February and May 2012 using time location sampling (TLS) at the Ressano Garcia border between Mozambique and South Africa. Demographic and behavioral data were collected through a standardized questionnaire, and HIV prevalence was estimated by testing dried blood spots (DBS) with two enzyme immunoassays. In total, 432 eligible mine workers were recruited. Mean age was 43 years. Most were married or cohabitating; among them, 12.6 % had two or more wives/marital partners in Mozambique. In the 12 months preceding the survey, 24.7 % had an occasional sexual partner, and 6.6 % had at least one partner who was a female sex worker. Only one in five (18.5 %) used a condom during last sex. HIV prevalence among mineworkers was 22.3 %, and 74.6 % of those who tested positive as part of the survey did not know their status. HIV prevalence was significantly higher (p = 0.018) among those that were uncircumcised (31.2 %) than those who were circumcised (18.5 %). Multiple partners (multiple spouses, cross-border relations, and multiple occasional partnerships), inconsistent condom use, and a high proportion of infected mineworkers who do not know their HIV status increases the risk of HIV transmission in this population. Combination strategies involving the promotion of condom use, HIV testing, and male circumcision should be strengthened among mineworkers.


Assuntos
Emprego , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sexual , Migrantes , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mineração , Moçambique/etnologia , Prevalência , Parceiros Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Populações Vulneráveis , Adulto Jovem
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